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The Sentinel=record. (Hot Springs, Ark.) 1900-current, August 06, 1914, Image 1

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Most people do more shopping on
Saturday than any other two days in FORECAST
the week excepting Monday. To reach __
the Saturday shopper THE SENTI
NEL-RECORD is the only Saturday Washington, Aug. 5—Forecast for
paper published In Hot Spring#. nrr mrrv „__ Arkansas: .Generally fair, continued
_TBE 0NLi newspaper in hot springs that receives the full associated press report over leased wires. warm Thursday and Friday.
I Germans Repulsed
j By Belgians With
7,000 Casualties
Germany, in pushing her advance through Belgium, has met with
strong opposition around Liege, where Belgian forces, according to offi
cial advices reaching Brussels, have repulsed the German army of the
Meuse under General von Emmich.
The Germans are reported to have lost several thousand Kil'ed and
Field Marshal Kitchener has been appointed secretary of state for
war in the British cabinet and will have under his direction the military
campaign against Germany.
French troops have joined the Belgians in opposing the progress of
Germany through Belgium and it is reported that possibly Great Britain
may send reinforcements.
The president of the United States has proffered his services as me
diator to the European nations at war.
The German ambassador will leave England Thursday by boat. Both
at St. Petersburg and Berlin, the German and Russian embassies respect
ively have been attacked by mobs.
The capture of several German steamers by the British is reported
and the Britism cruiser Amphion has sunk the Hamburg American liner
Koenig Luise. recently converted into a mine layer.
Russian frontier patrols have penetrated ten miles into German.
Travelers returning from the North Sea bring word that no hostile
warships were to be seen.
Germany has been isolated from the outside world by the cutting of
the Atlantic cable near the Azores.
Belgians Victorious.
•Brussels, Aug. (1 (Via l aris, 1:158 a.
m.)— Several thousand dead and
wounded is the toll paid by the Ger
man army of the* Meuse for its at
taek on l-iege. The Belgians made a
heroic defense, repulsing the Ger
mans after heavy and continuous
The fortified position of Liege had
to support on Wednesday the general
shock of the German attack. The
Belgian forts resisted the advance
fiercely and did not suffer. One Bel
gian squadron attacked and drove
back six German squadrons.
I Light hundre I wounded Germans
are being transferred to the city of
'Liege, where they will lie cared for.
-Prior to the attack on Liege, Gen
eral Von Enrnih It, commanding the
German army of kite Meuse, issued a
proclamation calling for an open
road through Belgium for the ad
vance of his forces and suggesting
•that prudence would Show it to he
the duty of the Belgian people to ac
cede to this to avoid the horrors of
The Germans committed repres.
shuts against the civil population of
the town of Vise, eight miles north
east of Liege, burning the city and
shooting many residents.
official dispatches report that the
Belgians have repulsed all attacks by
the Germans in the neighborhood of
l.ifge. The Belgians de ivered a vig
orous counter attack, killing till the
iGcrmans who had passed the forts.
The fortifications afforded admirable
resistance to German shells. Kveg
ttoe fort, which was in action all day,
was absolutely unharmed. The Bel
gian aviators proved every whit as
good as the Germany
Several civilians have been shot at
Vist and the town lias been burned.
General Von Btnmich, commanding
the German army of the Meuse, lias
issue d the following proclamation to
the Be'gian people:
“To my great regret, the German
troops have been forced to cross the
frontier, Belgian neutrality already
having been violated by French offi
cers, who, disguised, entered the
country in automobiles. Our greatest
desire is to avoid a conflict between
peoples who always have been
friends and once allies. Remember
Waterloo, where the German armies
helped to found your country’s inde
"But we must have free passage.
The destruction of bridges, tunnels
or railroads must be considerd as
hostile nets. 1 hope the German
army of the iMeuse will not he called
on to fight you. We wish for an
open road to attack those who attack
us. I guarantee that the Belgian
population will not have to suffer the
horrors of war. We will pay for pro
visions and our soldiers will show
themselves to be the best friends of
a. people for whom we have the
greatest esteem and the deepest sym
“Your prudence and patriotism will
show you that it is our duty to pro.
vent your country from being plunged
into t'.ie horrors of war.’’
Will War on Belgium.
Paris. Auk. 5.—1Official advices say
that Germany declared war against
iBelgium yesterday and that German
| forces moved on He gium front the
leri ilorj between Aix La ■Chapel'le
and Itheydt.
There has been fighting around
Lit ge and Vise. The latter town has
been burned. Civilians caught by tin:
Germans firing upon them were exe
Several dirigibles have been hover
ing over Brussels and the residents
of the Belgian capital, in a state of
exasperation, are attacking the Ger
mans in the citv
Repulse Was Complete.
Brussels, Aug. 5 (Via London).—
Henmans, completely repulsed, have
been unable to renew their attack on
Martial Law in Holland.
The Hague. Aug. r>.—Martial law
lias been declared in all parts of Hol
land. It is officially announced that
up to the present time the Hermans
have not violated the Dutch frontier.
Call Holland Reserves.
St. Louis, Aug. a. -H. H Tenbroeck,
consul here for Holland, received in
structions to notify Hollanders in his
jurisdiction who are army or navy
reservists to report to him immedi
ately. He has been nutohrized to
promise a pardon to deserters. The
consul’s jurisdiction inc udes, Arkan
sas, Kentucky, Missouri. New Mexico,
Oklahoma and Tennessee.
King Albert in Command.
Brussels, Vug. (i. Via Ixindon.—
King Albert lias assumed command of
tlie troops and has issued an inspir
ing proclamation to tihe army, in
which he declares:
"The perfidity of a haughty neigh
bor demands that Belgium shall de
fend her honor and Independence.”
The king bids the Belgian soldiers
remember tihe army’s glorious de
fense of the past and show themselves
worthy of the trust placed in them.
Victory Officially Reported.
London, Aug. 5.—lA dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph from Brussels
says that the Belgian war office to
day issued the following statement:
“The second corps of the German
army made an advance attack over
the Vesdre river into the province of
“A counter attack by Belgians w's
brilliantly successful and tihe enemy
was forced back over the Butch fron
tier. The victorious Belgian troops
did not follow up their success into
Dutch territory.
"The forts at Evegne were engag’d
by German artillery all day, but the
Germans made little impression on
them. There were no casualties In
the forts,”
Washington, Aug. 6.—Relief meas
ures for (lie 100,000 Americans in
Europe today were put into practical
President Wilson signed a bill
passed by congress appropriating
$21(0,000 lor the assistance of Ameri
cans abroad. The gooi will be taken
from the sub-treasury in New York
to tile armored cruiser Tennessee,
which sails tomorrow night tor tiie
principal ports ot Europe to deliver it.
Negotiations were begun for the
chartering of several big Italian
steamships which together with :’!(
American vessels ordinarily used in
(he coastwise trade, will provide fa
cilities for as many thousands as care
to come home. Representations were
'made by the United States to the
Hetman government lo secure the re
lease of thousands of Americans de
tained in Germany during the period
of mobilization. Assurances -have
come that the mobilization wi.l last i
only two days longer, and Americans
then will be free to leave.
Ambassador Herrick cabled that
the French government, on its own
initiative, had agreed to deposit sev
eral millions in gold with Morgan,
llarjes & Company to pay letters of
credit and travelers’ cheques. This
it is said, wi.l relieve financial stress
of Americans in France.
The state department cabled $.100,
O00 tonigiht to Ambassador Page at
London, through the Hankers’ Trust
Company, which has raised that sum
in London for the use of the Ameri
can government.
A conference at the treasury de
partment to perfect plans of relief
was held by Secretaries Hryan, \lc
Adoo and Garrison. Secretary Mc
\<loo aftetrwards made the following
’’The treasury department and suit
treasuries at San Francisco, Chicago,
New Orleans, Baltimore, Boston, St.
Louis, New York, Cincinnati and Phil
adelphia, will receive deposits for the
benefit of American travelers and
give receipts therefor. Congress ap
propriated $2,600,000 with authority
to make advances to American trav
elers in Europe who may need money.
A large part of this appropriation
will be sent to Europe immediately.
“Whenever funds are deposited with
tile treasury department for an Anur
ican citizen in Europe, the treasury
department, acting in conjunction
with tihe state and war departments,
will endeavor to locate the proposH
beneficiaries and, if found, will make
such advances to them out of the
above appropriation as may ho neces
sary for their immediate needs. Any
unexpended balance of their deposits
will be returned to the depositors.
“From this time forth, funds should
be sent to the state department or
to any other department except tilitj
treasury department, or to the sub
treasuries above mentioned.”
The Tennessee wid carry, besides
the gold furnished by the appropria
tion of congress, several millions de
posited by bankers in tile treasury
of the United States for relief pur
The cruiser North Carolina, which
it was thought would accompany the
Tennessee, will not sail for several
days and may take more gold and
more officials abroad.
Government officials are working
on a plan to concentrate American
refugees in London.
Negotiations are in progress for the
chartering of a big steamer to ply
acros's the English channel under the
American flag and carry Americans
to and from the continent.
Ixmdon, Aug. 5.—The wants of most
of the Americans in London now
have been provided for temporarily.
Those holding notes and ctiecks have
been abie to get small sums of cur
Has Suffered From Recent Accident
and Bright’s Disease For Four
Months—No Hope of Her Recovery
Is Being Entertained.
Washington, D. C„ Aug. 5.—Mrs.
Woodrow Wilson, wife of the presi
dent of the United States, tonight lies
it the point of dAth.
Four months of almost unbroken
illness, a complication of nervous ail
ments and Bright’s disease have
sapped the vitality of the first lady
of the land. The end is regarded as
;i matter of days, perhaps hours. Her
husband and three daughters are at
her bedside and relatives have been
summoned. Physicians have been in
consultation for days but it was ad
mitted at tiie white house tonight
that hope for her recovery had al
most vanished.
Conscious only at intervals, Airs.
Wilson has been cheerful and lias
called constantly for her husband.
Every moment that could he spared
from urgent official duties have been
devoted by the president to his wife.
At tiie side of his constant helpmate
and adviser he wrote the tender of
good offices appealing to the Euro
pean monarchs to stay their conflict.
From the sick room he has been giv
ing directions to the various depart
ment heads for the relief of thou
sands of Americans stranded abroad.
Press of domestic legislation, the Eu.
ropoan war and the Mexican situa
tion, and the flurry over financial
conditions throughout the country
have weighed heavily upon the presi
dent as he has maintained his day
and night vigil.
For several days it has been known
to those in closest touch at the white
house that Mrs. Wilson was gravely
ill and that hope for her recovery
was slight.
One day last March, Mrs. Wilson
dipped on a rug at the white house,
Injuring her spine. An operation was
necessary. After weeks of conva
lescence she finally rose from bel
lied, but tiie burden of a winter’s ac
tivity «t the white house, together
with charity work in the clums of the
-it.v brought on nervous prostration.
Stomach trouble added to her nor
' ous ailment and Bright's disease de
J nree weeks ago she seemed to
■ally and was well enough to walk,
supported by a nurse, in the white
louse grounds. She watched with
uitisfaetion as gardeners laid out the
ast ot the Italian gardens which she
•ad planned for the south front of
the executive mansion.
V\ ith her apparent recovery the
iresident urged that, hiS wife go to a
cooler climate, but she steadfastly
Inclined to leave her husband. The
elapse came last week and since
then she has been sinking rapidly.
Only members of the family wore ad
nitted to the sick room.
l>ay and night the family has
watched anxiously over her for the
last few days. Yesterday her pu so j
topped heating for a few moments. |
Oxygen and other restoratives were
ipplied. Early today site seemed
somewhat better but late today grew
Tlie president, always most sensi
tive about exaggerated reports about
nembers of his family, authorized no
ifficial announcement about .Mrs
Wilson’s health. He had hoped that |
>be might yet recover. The strain of
'ier duties as mistress of tile white i
house and her own untiring efforts to
help many an unknown and friend- {
(Continued from Page 4.)
Washington, Aug. 5.—'President
Wilson today formally offered the
services of the United States gov
ernment to the warring nations of
Europe should they desire to discuss
terms of peace, lie tendered what
technically is phrased as “good of
fices”, which if accepted in principle
would be followed by a conference of
representatives of the powers of Eu
rope in which the United States
would play the role of mediator.
Under The Hague convention, to
which ail European nations except
Servia signatories, a neutral nation
is urged in time of international con
flict to tender her good offices to
contending powers. Acting under the
terms of The Hague convention, the
president cabled Emperor William of
Germany, Emperor Nicholas of Rus
sia, Emperor Frans Joseph of Aus
tria, King George of Great Britain,
and President Poincare of France ;jj
“As official head of one of the
powers signatory to The Hague con
vention, 1 feel it to be my privilege
and my duty under article three of
that convention to say to you in .1
spirit of most earnest friendship tihat
I should welcome an opportunity to
act in the interest of European peace,
either now or any other time that
might hi> thought more suitable as an
occasion to serve you and all con
cerned in a way that would afford
me lasting cause for gratitude and
(Signed) “WOOtlW>W WILSON."
Late today Secretary Bryan sum
moned ali European diplomats in the
city and gave them n copy of the
telegram in the hope that they
would transmit it to their govern
ments and urge acceptance of the
The Austrian ambassador, repre
sentative of the British, Russian,
German and French embassies, and
Belgian legation called at the de
Mr. Bryan delivered the message to
representatives of the legation of the
Netherlands and other countries not
directly involved as a matter of in
formation to their foreign effoces.
Some of the diplomats tod newspa
per men they believed the situation
had gone too far to he halted by me
diation. The Austrian ambassador
thought, howpver, a sudden turn in
the war mk’iht influence an accept
The offer of the United States was
made after many days of careful con
sideration by tile president and cabi
net. From the first the idoa. has been
in the minds of the administration
officials, hut as long as European na
tions were endeavoring to adjust the
situation Mr. Wilson thought it was
the traditional duty of tilio American
government not to Interfere.
When virtually alt Europe suddenly
became involved and the United
States stood forth as the solitary
power of absolute neutrality, the
president acted with dispatch, lie
wrote the brief note, sent it to Sec
retary Ftryan, wdio prom idly approved
and late last night the messages were
sent to Europe.
From the character of Inquiries
made by American diplomats of their
own initiative, the prospect for an
acceptance by some of the European
nations were considered bright. Great
Britain and her aides, it is believed,
will accept, but no assurance has
come from Germany. Should the em
peror agree, it is thought the entire
situation would be settled by pacific
means and a great war averted. The
central ttheme for mediation which is
to suspend hostilities without caus
ing military preparations and discuss
peace in a conciliatory spirit, is em
bodied in twenty peace treaties draft
ed by Secretary Bryan, which were
reported favoratdy hy the senate com
mittee on foreign relations today. Ac
Germans Suffered
Reverse In First
Clash On Frontier
Warsaw, Russian Poland, via London, Aug. 5.—Russian frontier pa
trols, driving the enemy's cavalry before them, have 'crossed the East
Prussian frontier at Lyck and Biala and penetrated ten miles into German
The Russians captured and burned the German railway stations at
Borjemin and Biala and cut communi-cation from Lyck to Johannesburg,
the enemy falling back all along the front, burning villages.
Belgrade, Aug. 5.—Via London.—The Austrian attempts to cross the
river Save at Avala, nine miles from Belgrade, and Obrenovac, sixteen
miles to the southwest, failed Monday. Servian volunteers crossed the
river and hoisted the Servian flag at Delarme.
Servian officials express the opinion that the passage of the Austrian
troops through Servian territory has become impossible.
England’s First Day.
London, Aug. 5.—The first day of
the war for (treat Britain Las been
a day of suspense and rumors and
every half hour a fresh "extra" was
Bhotued through the streets with
some startling rumor.
The sum total of the rumors was
that eannonaading had been heard
off all the coasts of Burope. The
nation's mind and heart are with the
fleet; also it is proud in its confidence
and every one awaits a bulletin of' a
great battle. But concerning the
navy’s whereabouts, plans or strat
egy the newspapers do not even spec
The first fruits of the war are sev
eral German vessels brought into har
bor by British cruisers and others im
pounded in port. This was the day’s
only news so far as British naval and
military operations were concerned.
The vote of $500,000,000 for war
purposes and the appointment of
Field Marshal Earl Kitchener as sec
retary for war were two government
measures of great importance.
The German embassy lias been
granted a special train and cruiser
to take the staff to a Holland port.
A notice on tilie door “American
embassy” was posted this afternoon
when Hip American secretary, Irwin
B. Laughlin, temporarily assumed
chagre of the premises.
Neither Great Britain nor Austria
has declared war on the other as yet
and the Austrian ambassador has re
ceived no instructions to leave Lon
Every important newspaper in Eng
land lias announced its whole hearted
support of the government. Even Hie
Irish press lias joined in the concord.
Tiie Frince of Wales is about to issue
an appeal for funds to relieve the
distress. A committee composed 'if
members of the house of commons has
been formed for the purpose.
It incoides the Kigiht Hon. H. I,.
Samuel, John Burns, Augustin iBur
rel and Walter Long.
Fled to Switzerland.
Paris, Aug. 5.—It is stated that
Germans In Alsace are shooting ail
persons suspected of giving informa
tion to the French. The mayor of
Baal, Bavaria, is said to have been
tion was taken at this time with a
hope of exerting moral Influence for
peace in the present situation. Tim
treaties would provide an internation
al commission to investigate causes
of disputes within a period of within
six months or more before resorting
to arms. The president and Mr. Bry
an awaited tonight answers to their
messages to Europe, which difficul
ties in communication may delay sev
eral hours. Some countries may pur
posely delay their answers until later
in the conflict. The president's offer
leaves it open to them to accept, if I
not now, at any time as the situation!
develops. j
John Barrett, director general of
the Pan-American union, told the
president he could count on the
hearty support of South American na-,
tions in forwarding mediation.
"Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay
and all of South America," said Mr.
Barrett, “are hit harder by the wtr
than any other part of the world and
the peculiar situation in South Anicr-|
ica may prove a powerful argument
with the German emperor in causing
him to listen to the president’s pro
posal of mediation, especlady because
of Germany’s great commercial field
iu South America.”
shot for having tried to smuggle in*o
I'rancc news of the proclamation of
martial law by Germany.
A German cavalry paatrol has been
routed by French cavalry on the Swiss
frontier. Three of the Germans were
khled and two taken prisoners. The
remainder fled into Switzerland,
where they were disarmed.
German Cruiser Sails.
Muzatlan, Aug, 5. Imliiyed in trans
mission. The German cruiser l.e'p
zig, whose presence has caused anx
iety to British and French ship own
ers, sailed from this port today
(Monday). Nothing is known here
of the whereabouts of the German
cruiser Nurnburg, last reported as
clearing for Honolulu. The British
gunboat Algerine is at anchor in the
Evacuation is proceeding slowly.
Genera* itnrlie is sending at his per
sonal expense provisions for the re
lief of tiiie starving city. All refu
gees aboard Itritish ami German men
of war have been delivered aboard
the California, which is caring for
i:m. After entering Mazatlan Gen
era! Itnrlie plans to hasten to Quere
taro, where he will rendezvous witii
tile forces of General Obregon.
Fishing Fleet Safe.
Hud, England, Aug. 5—Two hun
dred fishing trawlers, which return
ed here tonight from the North Sea,
reported they had seen no hostile
Canadians Guard Grain.
Fort William, Out., Aug. ,j.—Fear
ing that attempts may be made by
German agents to hamper Canadian
shipping by blowing up the big termi
nal elevators at tilie head of the Great
Lakes, < olonai Laurie lias ordered
stationed at all grain storage house
members of the Ninety-sixth Canadian
Colonel Laurie acted on instructions
from Ottawa.
Warships Destroy Towns.
Heriin, Aug. 5. (Via Ijondon).—Gef
,nan warships have destroyed some
fortified towns and places for the
embarkation of French troops on the
coast of Algeria.
England Watching Soft's.
London. Aug. 5. A bill introduced
in the house of commons today hv
the home secretary, Reginald ME
Kenna. to restrain the movements of
undesirable alien with tlie object of
facilitating the removal of spies, was
passed through all stages.
The home secretary announced that
21 spies had been arrested in the
British Isles in the fast 21 hours,
chiefly in the naval centers.
Canadian Militia Active.
Seattle, Wash., Aug. 5.—Many mili
tiamen are being moved from West
ern Canada to the coast. Militia at'
Vancouver has been sent to Victoria.
The British government lias taken
over the Canadian Pacific liner Em
pn bs of Russia at Vancouver. She
will sail for the orient tomorrow to
be delivered to the admiralty at
The ll.'.er Empress of India sailed
I join the Orient for Vancouver yes
Ultimatum to Italy.
London, Aug. 3.—Germany has sent
an ultimatum to Italy.

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