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MR. MERCHANT— WEATHER Most people do more shopping on c rt *5 r ft c T Saturday than any other two days In r Ulf tw8« I the week excepting Monday. To reach , the Saturday shopper THE SBNT1 ____ , Washington, Aug. 6.—Forecast for NRHRRCORD 1b the only Saturday published In Hot Springs Arkansas: Generally fair, continued p p rJBE ONLY NEWSPAPER in HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. warm Friday and Saturday. —-- • 1. - ... ___!__ VOLUME XXXII. hot springs, Arkansas, Friday morning, august 7, 1914. number 136. Germans Hammering Away at Belgians With More Success Brussels, Aug. 6.—After having sufiered a serious check and heavy casualties at the hands of the Belgians at Liege Wednesday, the German troops today returned to the fray witn redoubled ardor and tonight were pounding away at the forts with siege and field guns and rifles. In the fighting of Wednesday the estimates of the German casual ties ran as high as 8,000 men. The invaders also are said to have lost a large number of guns It is estimated that in the fighting 40,000 Germans were faced by 25,000 Belgians. In the attack on Fort Parchon, northeast of the city, the Belgians permitted the Germans to draw up almost to the walls of the fortress. Then they turned loose their guns and the slaughter is reported to have been appalling. Under the terrific fire here and from the other forts the Germans were forced to retii% all along the line. A detachment of Uhlans penetrated the city Wednesday night with the intention, it is said, of capturing high officials. They had reached the building where the officers had quarters when all were surprised and killed. German shells today breached the wads of two of the fortresses which were captured. From the other torts, however, the Belgians contin ued to pour a deadly rain of shot anti shell into the advancing Germans. Despite the heroic resistance of the Belgians it was foit in Brussels tonight that the invaders by reason of their great strength could not much longer be denied and that ultimately they must gain the city of Liege, whence they are expected to press on toward Namur in their march across Belgium to the French frontier. At Namur, which is strongly fortified, it is asserted the Germans will meet resistance as strong as that at Liege. Battle Rages All Day. Paris, Aug. 6, 4:".") p.m. Official announcement Is made that the bat tie continues to rage around Liege, llel glum. The German shell fire lias re duced two of the Liege forts but the •Belgian* continue to resist with un tiring energy. The Germans were aide to use tip ir iiglit siege guns against the forts of 3.iege, which are thirty years old. Two of them were silenced and the German columns broke through. The other forts are (holding out. The Jlol ians are making a determined re sistance before tlie cit.,. The situation at Liege, according to the latest dispatches were as fol lows: "It seemed certain that the forti fications could npt stop the German army, nnd the only guestiou was whether it advance could he delayed. The fortifications already had he'd for 116 hours and the fierce struggle the Germans had made and would still have to make, it was believed, would compel them to pause and revictual. II the German army succeeds in carrying Liege, it will find itself <jr>n fronted by an entrenched camp at INnmnr, at which tlhe Belgians are preparing to make a stand as fierce as that ai I iege. The Belgian army was brilliant!v fulfilling its task of delaying the Ger man advance and it appeared certain the German plan of campaign in Be! gium would be hindered by the obsti nate stand of the Belgians. Liege a Rich Prize. New York, August 11.—The strate gic imixirlan e of Liege, the Belgian < ity before w hich the German ml vanee is reported to have been checked, and where according to ICu ibpean despatches, the first great 'battle in force of the war may he fought, is many-sided. Principally it is the most strongly fortified obstacle to the sup poet d plan of the German? to cut across the lower half of Bel gium into French territory, hut i.i ad dition \n tills the city is of itself a prize in many ways. Liege is the PittBbuhg oT Belgium. For miles to the southwest, along the river Mouse tin re are scores of blast furnaces, puddling furnaces, rolling mills and fo'ges. It is the site of the famom. * oekorill works said to tie the larg est manufactory of machinery in the v) irld. Liege proper, with a population of 168,000, lies at the junction of the IMense and the Ourthe in a basin margined by hills. AT around the city is a wealth of coal and iron ore. The mines extend < ven under the city and river. Those natural riches in conneatlon with the favorable situation of the city ut the junction Jof two navigable rivers, have given rise to the extensive man ufacturjag industry in the city itsel'. The products are varied but the principal out s, and that which would make Liege a valuable prize of v«tr, Is that of fire arms. More than liO, 000 persons are employed in the ( manufacture of guns ranging from small arms to the largest of modern weapons. There is a royal cannon factory and a small arms factory al so in the suburb of St. Leonard. In the wars of the last century I lego has p'ayed only a small part but today the city is well defended with modern fortifications. Its strength, it is said, is far greater than generally has appreciated by strate gists. In 1888 tile Belgium authori ties decided to adequately fort By both liege and Namur, the twp im portant points on the Meuse. At each place a number of detached torts were constructed along a pen meter drawn a distance varying front within four to six miles in the. city. At Liege twelve of these forts were constructed, six on the right bank and six on the left side of the river. Vjl (of the forts have been kept fairly well up to date. The seventy guns in their concrete casements are raised and lowered automatically. The av erage distance between them is four miles hut two -which defend the main ine of the railway from Germany are little over u mile apart It has been estimated that 25.(HP men would he necessary for an ade plate defense of these fortifications. The city first appears in history In tlie sixtli century at which time a town grew up around the piigina! ■Impel founded there by St. Monulpn, bishop of Tongres. In the tenth cen ury it became recognized us an in lependent principality of the French empire. Liege was taken by Marl borough in 17(12 and the fortress was garrisoned by Dutch until 1718. The i French revolutionary armies overrun he principality in 17!(2. The o«n -ress of Vienna in 1815 decreed that Liege, with the other provinces of he southern Netherlands shott d form oart of the new kingdom of the Netherlands under the rule of Wil iam 1, of the house of Orange. The city took an active part in the Bel gian revolt in 1830 and since that late tlie ancient principality has been incorporated into the kingdom of Belgium. The principal point of interest to the tourists in Liege has been the treat, cathedral or church of St. Paul. The university founded in 1817 en voys a hteh reputation for education in the arts of mining an dnianufac turing. ' There are many beautiful gardens in Liege and the rivers are spanned oy splendid bridges, but the larger portion of the city has a crowded aspect with narrow, crooked streets. The railway lines thrdugh Liege the direct routes from Cologne to Paris and from Luxemburg to Brtts se s, the possession of either of which |>uld be valuable prizes to the Ger man army. Waterloo, the place where evey bod.v knows as the scene of the down fall of Napoleon at the hands of the allies on the 18th of June, 1815, is not on a direct line front liege but lies some sixty miles from it in an air lino sbuth of Brussels, 0 ENGLAND ISSUES CALL FOR 500, COO MEN FOR THREE YEARS— STATESMEN BELIEVE THE WAR WILL BE A LONG AND BLOODY ONE. London, Aug. 6. 11:50 p. m.—The passage of a war budget for $500, 000,000 in the house of commons to day without a dissenting voice and tlie granting of an army increase of 500.000 men in addition accordance with plans of Lord Kitchener, the new war minister, shows that Great Britain is in deadly earnest. A ra 1 to arms issued by the war office tonight says ait addition of 100.000 men to the regular army is needed immediately and "that Lard Kitchener is confident this appeal will at once be responded to by all who have the safety of our empire at heart.” Tlie term of service for the new men is to bo three years or until tlie war is ended. There are no illusions in England that the war is certain to be a swift and decisive one. Tlie people are steeled for a long and exhaustive struggle. The admiralty notified tlie public tonight that tlie first news from the navy might not lie good news. Swift upon the heels of this intimation came tidings that the cruiser Am phion had been sunk by a mine witli the loss of an officer and 130 men— Great Britain's first sacrifice to the war. It is considered that British ships in tlie North Sea are running greater risks during the first days of the war than tlie Germans. Tlie royal fam ily shares witli tlie homes of its many subjects tlie suspense of wait ing fos news of the fate of the differ ent units of the fleet. Prince Albert, the second son of tlie king, aboard tlie battleship Collingwood, is one o£ the many boy midshipmen afloat sharing the perils of their elders. There was a dramatic incident in the house of commons today when the feud between Lord Beresford and Winston Spencer Churchill," first kud of the admiralty was buried. Ad miral Beresford shook hands with tlie first lord and said: "Wei! done.” The torpedo boat destroyer I.anoe, which sent, the iHamubrs-American liner Koenigln I.uise to the bottom with four sliots, only came out of the ship yards last Saturday hardly dry. Ixmdoners had the first realization of war brought home to them, tonight whon hundreds of commuters raking their trains at the Victoria station were surprised to see eighty-flvej German prisoners guarded by Eng lish soldiers witli fixed bayonets. Tin. Germans were naval reservists taken from their ships and made prisoners of war. A goodly number of naval reservists and also some German army reservists who were attempting to proceed to Germany were held by the authorities today. Some persons in the crowd at the station, thinking the Germans spies, began to hiss them. The demonstra Hop was quickly silenced by cries or "shame.*’ The Germans seemed on the ibest of terms with their cap tors. Several more persons supposed to lie spies were arrested today in dlf feren tparts of England. ■ ■ o . FIGHTING IN MEXICO. Mexico City, August 6.—■Fighting in the vicinity of Teoluca, Huehueto ca. and other places between advance guards of the federal and consti'u tionalist armies was renewed today despite peace negotiations. Some military authorities here fear the en gagement may become general. Palo ple in the capital are 'ooking forward to a formal declaration by General Carranza of the suspension of hos tilities. PASSED AWAY WIFE OF THE PRESIDENT DIED SHORTLY BEFORE 5 O’CLOCK YESTERDAY AFTERNOON. END OF ORAVE STRUGGLE Grief of President and Daughters Is Heartrending—Congress Adjourned and Official Business Was Stilled at the Capital. Washington, Aug. 6.—Mrs. Wood row Wiison, wife of the president of the United Statgs, died at the white house at 5 o’clock this afternoon. Death came after a brave struggle of months against Bright's disease with complications. The president was completely un nerved by the sihock and his grief was heartrending. He bore up well under the strain, however, and devote?! him ; eu to ms (laughters. The end came while Mrs. Wilson "as unconscious. Her illness took a turn tor the worse shortly before t j o'ciook in the afternoon and from then ott she gradually grew worse. | Kneeling at the bedside at the end were the president and their three daughters. !>r. Cary T. Grayson and a nurse were in the room. Both houses of congress adjourned when Mrs. Wilson’s death was an nounced, and for a brief time the wheels of the government virtually stopped. The beginning oi tna end came at Bt o’clock this morning, when l>r. E. P. Davis of Philadelphia, who had been called in for consultation, real ized the time for hope had passed. He took the president in the Ked room and there told him the truth. Mr. Wilson’s face blanched but he bore the shock well. He was in formed the end was a question of hours. Mr. Wilson then took his daughters, Mrs. William McAdoo, Mrs. Sayre and .Miss Margaret Wilson, aside and told them. Until then .they had thought there was a chance lor her recovery. From that time on the president and his daughters remained con stantly at the bedside. The presi dent held his wife’s hand and the tiiree daughters were grouped near by. Until she became unconscious Mrs. Wilson frequently nodded to one or the other of the three and smiled cheerfully. Pleaded for Her Husband. Turing the day Mrs. Wilson spoke to l»r. lirayson about the president, whose health she thought more about than sire did her own. “Promise me,” she whispered faint ly, “that if I go you wilt take care of my husband— ” It was the same touch of devotion which she so many times had repeat ed her constant anxiety having been Ihat the president not worry about her or be disturbed in official duties. The president returned to tihe sick room from the last conference with the doctor, his three daughters lean ing on his arm. Francis B. Sayre and Secretary Tumulty stayed out side the door. Mrs. Wilson lapped into unconsciousness but rallied. By 1 o’clock she began to sink rapidly. Bhe still could recognize those about her and looked cheerfully toward them and smiled. At 2 o’clock Mrs. Wilson still was unconscious but her strength almost had departed, and a few minutes later she sank into the sletep of uncon sciousness from which she never awoke. For three hours the president and bis daughters gazed longingly into her eyes In the hope that she might speak again, but she couid not. The sun was casting its long shad ows from the Potomac to the south grounds, coloring tire fountains, gar dans and elms. There was hushed stillness in the upper apartments. All eyes were turned toward the south west corner of the house. Death Came at 5 o’clock. Just at the hour of 5 death came. CONTINUED ON PAGE THREE, AUSTRIA DECLARES HERSELF FORMAL DECLARATION OF WAR IS ISSUED AGAINST RUSSIA GERMAN EMPEROR APPEALS TO ALL GERMANS TO ARM FOR THE FIGHT. St. Petersburg!!, Aug. 6.—Austria Hungary this afternoon declared war on Russia. Ambassador Leaves. Vienna, Aug. 7.—11:50 p. m., via London—The Russian ambassador to Austro-Hungary was given his pass ports tonight. German Emperor’s Appeal. Berlin, via Ijonilon, Aug. 6—The emperor has issued an order to the Germany army anil navy in which he says: "After forty-three years of peace, I call upon all Germans capable of bearing arms. We have to defend our most sacred possessions in father land anil home against the restless assault of enemies on all sides of ns. 'That means hard fighting. 1 am confident that the ancient warlike spirit still lives in the German peo ple—that powerful warlike spirit which attacks the enemy wherever it finds him regardless of cost and which in the past ilias been the dread and terror of our enemies. "I have' confidence in you. German soldiers—in each and all of you. An ardent, indomitable will for victory is living in each and all of you. I knew if needed each and ail of you would die like heroes. "Remember our great and glorious past and that you are Germans. God bless you.” -o-— SENATE ADJOURNS. Vote in Canal Act is Stopped by News of Mrs. Wilson's Death. Washington, August G.—The senate was about to reach a vote late today on tile bill to amend the Panama canal act to admit foreign built ships to American register because of the European crisis when the session was abruptly adjourned owing to the death of Mrs. Wilson, wife of the president. Amendments had been accepted to provide that the president may when ever In his discretion he thinks do mestic trade requires it, permit for eign ships of American register to enter the coastwise trade and to an thorize the American Red Cross to charter a ship and carry the Ameri can flag, he bill probably wi'l be passed tomorrow. The senate held no executive ses sion to consider the nominations of Patti M. Warburg, of New York, and Frederick A. Delano, of Chicago, as members of the Federal reserve board. ..- ■ ■ n--- ■ ■ CRUMP TICKET WINS. Memphis, Term., Aug. (I.—The en tire democratic County ticket in Shelby county, headed |hy .1 A. lileehman, candidate for sBieriff, was elected today over the “peo I pie’s’’ ticket headed by T. <}. Tate, j present sheriff, who was seeking re election. The democratic ticket had Hie support of Mayor E. H. Crump of Memphis, the contest developing in a test of strength between fac tions endorsing and opposing the present city administration. -o IRON MINES CLOSED. — Redding, Calif., August fi.—The Mountain Copper company today closed the Iron Mountain mine which in eighteen years has produced ore va ried at >27,000,000. Three hundred and fifty men are laid off and tire company’s output reduced 80 tier cent. Tire smelter at Martinez will he closed. Expected Sea Fight 1$ Reported Raging Between Big Fleets London, Aug. 7.—1:17 a. m.—The British fleet has engaged the German fleet on the high seas. The British warships are reported to be driving the Germans towards the Dutch coast. The Press association claims that it was advised of the fight be tween the fleets by the admiralty. The admiralty, however, refused to confirm or deny that a battle was In progress. BRITISH CRUISER IS SUNK. London, Aug. 6. 10:50 p. m.—An admiralty report says the British cruiser Amphion was sunk this morning by striking a mine. Paymas ter J. T. Gedge and 130 men were lost. The captain, sixteen officers arid 135 men were saved. A previous report said the German mine layer Koenigin Luise probably had placed some mines before she was sunk by the British torpedo boat Lance. The Amphion was a light cruiser of 3,340 tons. She was attached to the third destroyer flotilla under Captain Cecil H. Fox, commanding officer. Her regular complement was 292 men. She was commandeer ed in April, 1913. # Battle in Far East. IManila, August 7.—An authentic report received here today states that a (ionium squadron has been given battle by British cruisers at Tsing Tan. Naval Fight Not Confirmed. Ixindon, Aug. 6.-11:15 p. ni.--An nouncement was made by the ad miralty tonight that it had received no confirmation of the report said to have originated with the captain of the steamer i'raniuni that two Ger man cruisers had been sunk in th* (North Atlantic in a fight with two British cruisers protecting the Can ard liner Lusitania. German Fleet Bottled Up.* Toklo, Aug. 7. An autihentic re port received here states that the German squadron has been bottled up at Tsing Tau by the British. .. London Awaiting News. London, Aug. 7.—2 a. m.—Europe awaits with tense interest the out come of two battles now being wag ed in tiie struggle of the nations. If report is to be credited the British and German fleets are engaged in a combat on the high seas, which likely will have «n important hearing on the conflict. The German army of the Meuse, in its advance through Belgium, is meet ing with determined resistance from the Belgian forces. On Wednesday. Brussels reports declared the Ger mans had been repulsed al! along the line but yesterday the atack was re newed with greater energy and prob ably with considerable reinforce ments to the German side. It is not to lie forgotten, however, that all news and reports respecting both land and' sea operations have come through French and British sources or sources in control of or in sympathy with them. Germany's version of what has transpired lias not been received and therefore the story has only half been told. Under the existing conditions of communica tion it will he long before the prog ress of the GetCitKi arras can be re counted to the outside world. The same applies to movements of the Austrian-Hungarian army, small de tachments of which are operating against Servia and the remainder doubtless is being sent to check the Russian advance. Beyond the declar ation of war by Austria on Russia yesterday little is known of what ac tion Austria is taking and only mea ner details have filtered through of the Austrian army’s operations. Germany Denies Repulse. Per in, via Ixmdon, 11:50 p. in., Aug. it is auounced that a report that German troops operating on 'Belgian territory had been compelled to retire is unfounded. CARBAJAL MAY NOT SURRENDER GENERAL CARRANZA IS GOING FORWARD WITH PLANS FOR OPERATIONS AGAINST THE CAPITAL. Saltillo, Acg. 6.—>If President Car bajal has agreed to unconditional sur render of Mexico official word of this lias not reached General Carranza, and there has been no change in the plan to march constitutionalist troops to Mexico City. General Carranza tonight wired President Carbajal stating that ho had just learned that it was not the intention of the federal army to sur render and adding that if this move ment he carried out, whether by or ders of Carbajal or army officers, direct action would result. The con stltutionlist chief advised the presi dent that in the event arms and am munition were not delivered to con stitutionalists he would apply the law of lkt;:i, applying it to the presi dent himself and all civilian accom plices. SUMMARY OF WAD 0 Out of London comes tFie report that the British fleet has engaged the German fleet in battle on the high se3s. The British adrrwratty refuses information as to whether a naval en gagement is in progress but British warships which put out several days ago have been searching for the Germans in the North Sea. The British cruiser Amphion has been sunk by contact with a mine, with the loss of more than a hundred men. Emperor William of Germany, in an order to the army and navy, calls on all Germans capable of carrying arms to fight for the fatherland. In Belgium Germans and Belgians are fighting around Liege, where upwards of 100,000 men are engaged. According to official reports from Brussels, the two days fighting has cost the Germans thousands of men. The Belgians are believed to have lost heavily.. As yet there have been no reports from German sources as to the outcome of the German attacks. Austria-Hungary has declared war on Russia and the Russian am- * bassador at Vienna has been given his passports. The British prime minister, in the house of commons asked for an additional war appropriation of $500,000,000 and an army increase of 500, 000 men. Both requests were granted. At the same time the government declared amoratorium in London for a month with certain exceptions. Russian cavalry, endeavoring to enter East Prussia, have been driven back by German frontier guards. A Tien Tsin dispatch says both ment off Weihaiwei been sunk, the Russian cruiser Askold and the German cruisser Emctn, in an en gagement.