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Moat, people do more shopping on Saturday than any other two days In the week excepting Monday. To reach the Saturday shopper THjfi S0NT1 NKfrltM.'ltlUJ Is the only Saturday paper published In Hot Spring*. fffW ONLY N Elf SPARER IN HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT GVEB LEASED WIRES. VOLUME XXXII. WEATHER FORECAST Washington, AuJ). 22.—Forecast for Arkansas: Fair and continued warm Sunday and Monday. TWELVE PAGES HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 23, 1914. TWELVE PAGES NUMBER 151, GERMA ALLIES MEET Titanic Struggle Which World Has Been Wait ing For lias Begun and Extends Over a Bat tle Front ol Twenty Miles From Namur to Charleroi. English Soldiers are Occupying the Historic Field of Waterloo Directly in the Path of the Ger mans and Had Their First Fight Saturday. Nothing is Known of Advantages Gained by Either Side Hut it is Stated That the Biggest Battle in History Will Last Three Days. Antwerp, via London, Aug. 23.—1:10 a. m.—A great battle between the Germans and the allied forces begun Saturday morning, according to official announcement. The battle line extends from Namur to Charleroi, which lies about twenty miles to the west. GERMANS AND ALLIES MEET. London. Aug, 23.—1:02 a. m.—An official dispatch to the Reuter Tele gram Company from Antwerp timed 10:‘>0 o'clock Saturday night, tends to confirm reports that a gieat battle began yesterday morning between the French and the Germans. The disnatch says: "It is believed a great battle commenced this morning between the French and German armies between Namur and Charhroi. It is thought tliat it will last two or three days. Precise details are lacking." ENGLAND'S FIRST SKIRMISH. Antwerp, via Paris. Aug. 23.—1:30 a. m.—An English and a German cavalry brigade had a sharp fight Saturday on the battlefield of Waterloo. Battle at Charleroi. Im.idon, Aug 22. 7:55 i'. in.—A d'-latch in the Kxebange Telegraph < iiini any Irom * *k11■ inJ sa>s a big bat,* appear., to have lin 11 taking place since this morning in the environs nf Charleroi. The greater portion of tile lirriiiiin troops, according to this authority, have not yet passed tin river ! .'ender. The lieuder river is to the east of Ghent and liroge Result of Battle Unknown. V I ondon, Aug. 21!. —i:aa a. in. -A N dlspalcli to the Kxchange Telegruoh Company from I’aris states tliat Min ister of tliH Interior Melvy. upon leaving a eomieil of ministers Iasi aii hi, said to the waitin ' newspaper nien: “All i eari tell you is that the bailie has heigun. I know no more.’’ Will Occupy Ostend. 'Inidoii, Aug. 22. At Ostend. a eor re.oiondeiil slates, every preparation i iieiug made to r“iider the town °l'(,n. The civic guards will lie dis banded and 4.000 volunteers arc being r* moved from the port. Tlie rapidity of the German roovo m,'nt. in dtelcium was in a measure, due to the failure of tile retiring He - Rims to di stroy railroads and hridgos behind thorn. Hu m- facts must be faced, the cor rt'iponde.it continues. Northern Uol *'u,l‘ now is a German province, at '“a • temporarily, since the battle is 5,1 ' to lie fought. Ghent is only one hour by express train from Ostend. consequently the German euvalry could arrive here at 011' moinent. ' "e populace of Ostend is still ig noinnt of the true situation. English Leave Ostend. London, Aug. 22.—4:15 p. in.—A newspaper correspondent, who ag riv"l here from Ostend, said it seemed like an ill-timed joke to he \ °*d at tin. itelgiaii watering piano yesterday tliat the Germans would be "■re itl a„ hour ,,r |WO amj (hat all '"Klishincn must leave. Children "ere still playing in the sands, and ier" were many bathers <fn the beach. till"* hoarded the steamer Rapids.”I correspondent buid. ‘ A prosper*' diis looking Englishman sat next to mo. lie said ‘Tim British consul, loss than two hours a o, suit mo a message in which ho sail ia the king's mini', I tell you to caw- .Vrc by afternoon; they arc coming. “Iteprosentatives of the liritisii consulate consulate went around Os tend summoning the British to leave. Many of the refugees had no baggage and some wore without money. "Out by the lightship we passed a small steamer flying tlie Belgian Lag. We drew alongside and our skipper megaphoned a warning that the Ger nians might be In Oslend soon." Fleeing From Ostend. I.ondim. \ug. 22 - 1": ::r i>. in Eight, loiiidn d refugees from O. tend arriv ed in London tonight. They left the 'Belgian port at 2 o'clock in the after neon. They are for the most part 'Belgians, who say that virtually a 1 Americans are out ol Ostend. No Ifierinan soldiers aw re there when they left, although residents were preparing to leave tearing a bom bardment. Mrs. .1. W. (iatti, an American wo man whose husband is an English man. and her children, were among a party which left Brussels on the last trai l Wednesday and came to London by way ol Ostend. Mrs. (nittl said the German wounded were being treated with the greatest considera tion by Bel-'Ians. She saw a few Am ericans in Ostend. Many refugees say cool headed men in Ostend believe tie German strength is massing east of Brussels nud .that the expedition towards Ghent is only a scouting party with no thought of taking Ostend. Germans in Ghent. lmndon, Aug. 22.—2:.’.0 p. in.— The Express publishes a despatch from Ostend stating that the Germans al ready are in Ghent and they will bo in Bru -cs tomorrow . There was no resistance at Ghent. Annihilate German Cavalry. London. Aug. 22, 1:50 a. tn.-A C'entrai News dispatch from Amster dam savs a large detachment of Ger man cavalry suffered virtual annihila Continued on Page Five. SUCCESSFUL OPERATIONS BY CZAR'S TROOPS ON BORDER. SERVIA REPORTS ATROCITIES COMMITTED BY AUSTRIAN SOL DIERS DURING RETREAT. New York, Aug. :’;J.—The military attache at the Russian embassy at Washington has issued the following statement through the consulate in New York: “An engagcim lit has taken place between Russian and German troops mar Biiderweitschen in eastern Prus sia. The Russian troops have cap tured eight field guns, twelve ammu nition wagons, two machine guns and many prisoners. ‘in fights near Krasmk and Goro dok. on the Galician border, the Au strian advance was repulsed, the enemy buttering heavy losses and leaving in the hands of the Russians sii officers and liab men.’’ Aiioinur statement issued at tne Russian consulate tonight says: "In Belgium the German advance is ■drvelrjfitni; slowly. On August IS. after a stubborn fight, the Bavarian army corps were forced to abandon the line between Blamont -t'irey and retire, being followed by the French, who advanced for a considerable dis tance toward Sarraburg. The trophies taken by the French during that time were the colors of the 1 !Pth German infantry regiment, ten field guns, many rifles and nineteen motor trucks. "On the eastern front of the Ger mans and in Galicia the situation re mains unchanged.” Atrocities by Austria. Fan.. Aug. Tl p. til. The Ser vian legation here has brought to the attention of ihe government a dis patch addressed by the Servian for • ign minister at Belgrade to the Spanish minister at Rottmania in w licit it is declared that ihe com mander in chief of the Austrian army ordered his troops to burn crops a ad villages and kill the peaceable in habitants of Kervia. In the retreat of the Austrians toward the iBrlnu river they left behind them many killed or disfigured, chiefly old men. women and children. The Servian loreign minister ask ed the Spanish minister to inform Austria that Servla would be com jic led to take measures of reprisal. Servians Great Victory. Nlsli. Serviu, August 22.—The fol biwiag announcement concerning the victory of the Servian troops over the Austrians was made here today: “The Servian army lias gained a •jicat victor.' at Mount F/.er and the river Zadar. ’I’lie enemy retired along the whole front. Our troops pursued thorn vigorously. The enemy sutfer ed enormous loss; the booty was great. YostC'Tdiiy t no oi-*rviaiis tumumru fuirsiilng the Austrians* left wing to ward tin1 Drina anil captured two more cannon. The Austrian attacks on tiic Servians* left wing were re pulsed, tlie enemy vigorously pursued by a Servian artillery tiro. On the northern front there is only a feeble bom laird men t of Belgrade. “The Servian artillery has destroy ed three Austrian steamers and three barges near Stara.” Dardanelles Open. Constantinople, Aug. 22—Via Am sterdam and London 7:2,2 p. rn. The norte lias sent a clrcu'ar telegram to foreign diplomatic representative* here, declaring that the Dardanelles are open to commercial vessels. Oriental Seas Clear. Tokio, Aug. 22—The chamber of commerce has announced that Ori ental--European sea routes ure sale, except In the neighborhood of Ger man possessions. The removal from Japan to Seattle is declared to he safe, hut by way of Honolulu it is advisable to steam to the north and to maintain vigi anoe. The Japanese government is ex pected to make an important dec la ra tio utouiorrow." GERMANY IS ISOLATED New York, Aug. 22.—The Asso dated Press has received the fol lowing message through the Ger man embassy: ‘‘Berlin, 22. The Associated Press, New York—Germany is completely cut off from the rest of the world and neither can send out news nor receive it. The em pire is unable to defend itself against the falsehoods propagated by the press of hostile countries. It only can defend itself by its deeds. The German people will be profoundly grateful for every ef fort to disseminate the real truth. “VON BETHMANN HOLLWEG, “Imperial German Chancellor.” jMT ALL READY WARSHIPS AND TRANSPORTS ARE NOW LYING N|*AR KIAO CHOW READY TO ENFORCE DE MANDS AGAINST GERMANY AT EXPIRATION OF TIME. London, Aug. 23—2:10 a. m.—A Tien Tain despatch *o the Central news says it is reported that the Japanese fleet, accompanied by a laige number of transports conveying troops, is near Kiao Chow, in readi ness to begin operations immediately the ultimatum expires. The German warships and forts are prepared to of fer the utmost resistance. Time Limit Expires. Washington, Aug. 22.—The time If mi t of the Japanese ultimatum to Get many demanding the surrender of Kiao Chow expired at 10 o’clock to i iglit without any answer having l i en made by the German government through the slate department here. No notification that a reply had been transmitted through any other channel had boon received at the tier man embassy here at that hour. Washington, Aug. 22.—1The time limit on Japan's ultimatum to Ger many demanding tjiat the Chinese territory of Kiao Chow held by Ger many be surrendered and that Ger man cruisers in Far eastern waters lie disarmed expired at 10 o’clock to night eastern time, or noon Sunday, Tokio time. As that hour approached state do partment and diplomatic officials here watched for a possible relay from Germany to be transmitted to Tokio through' American channels. So tar as was known no such mes sage had been forwarded through other channels and the opinion was general that Germany would ignore Japan's note, leaving the initiative to Japan. Maron C lilnda, Japanese nmhassn (ior to the United States, transmitted through the state department today a message to Mr. Fonlkogha, Japanese charge d’affairs at Berlin, ordering him to leave the German capital at \ a. in. tomorrow if by that hour he had received no reply from the German government to the ultimatum. The Japanese charge was instructed to leave the interest of Japan in the hands of the American embassy. The next step on the part o£ the Japanese government, it was general ly assumed hero, would be to attack Kiao Chow. At th0 Japanese embassy it was reiterated that Japan would carry out to the letter the terms of her ultimatum. The United States, in the role of an interested but neutral spectator, was prepared to transmit any com munications from tlte two govern ments. Discussion here today turned on the future of Kiao Chow as its early surrender or capture seems assured. Japan is expected to redeem its prom iso to her ally. Great Britain, and to th(> United States to ttfrn this terri lory over to China at a reasonably early date. The discussion lias been raised in Continued on Page Five. FUEL FOR LEIPSIG IS HELD UP IN SAN FRANCISCO HARBOR UPON REPRESENTA TIONS OF THE ENGLISH CON SUL—WIRELESS OPERATOR IS IN TROUBLE. Washington Aug. 22.—The British government will consider if a direct violation of American neutrality if the tramp steamer iMazatlan. denied c'carance at San Francisco, is permit ted to soil with coal for the German cruiser Icipzig. Colville Barclay, charge ile'affaires of tllie British em bassy here, took the matter up today wit lithe state department. He was informed that the question already was under consideration by the de I'tirtment a.id some phase of it before the department of justice. Mr. Barclay said he felt it unneces sary, in view of this, to lodge a formal protest. The British embassy •believes the laWpzig is using San Francisco, a neutral port, as a coaling station through the medium of such ships as the MazaLan, claims it is a direct violation or neutrality, as though the Leipzig put into port her self for coab The l/eip/.ig has coaler! once at Han Francisco and under neutrality laws may not coal at «n American port again for three months, j Leipzig is Sighted. Seattle, Wash., Auk. 22.—The (Irani) Trunk liner Prince Georg which i being used a.s a scout ship by the British navy, sighted tho rt,-r man cruiser Leipzig off the northern California roast this wee.k. The Prince George scouted as far south as Cape Mendocino. The British naval authorities arc establishing a coaling station at Pachena hay, on the west coast of Vancouver Island. Reports that a German cruiser wa . approaching Prince Rupert Co coal are denied. The Canadian Pacific liner Kin press of India left Vancouver for Japan today, passing out of the straits without escort. Furnish Leipzig With News. San Francisco, Auk. 22. Rear Ad miral Pond, U. S. N., and John \V. Preston, United States attorney here, today were authority for the state ment that an Investigation is being mad,' of til" transmission of code I messages by an amateur wire'ess >p erator on shore to the German crui er Leipzig at sea. English Cruiser Watching. Delaware Breakwater, Imu.. Aug. 22.—A vessel reported to tie a British cruiser lias been lying off Cape lleu lopen all day. The vessel was visible from Lewes, Itch, and crowds which lined the boardwalks of a summer resort near the Delaware breakwaters saw her today stop the Norwegian steamship St. Andrews, from Phi a deiphia for Norfolk. The St. Andrews was detained about 15 minutes and then permitted to proceed. The cruiser paid no at tention to the American steamship Columbian which passed out tho breakwater at about the same time from Philadelphia for New York. Mines Sink Two Steamers. London, Aug. 23.—12:10 a. m.—The official news bureau announces that two steamers, the IMaryland, Copen hagen, and the Danish steamer Bro berg, have struck mines in the North sea anil foundered. They were on tiie main trade route 357 miles from shore. The Mary'and struck a mine Erl day night. The crew of tiie Broberg. weein ' the accident, proceeded to tiie rescue in launches but failed to sav<‘ the crew. On resuming the search Saturday morning the Broberg also struck a mine and foundered hut her crew were rescued and brought to Lowestoft, England. RETURN BATTLE FLAGS. Washington. D. <'.. Aug. 22.-Presi dent Wilson signed today the bill re cently passed by congress authorizing the secretary of war to return to the state of I-ouisiana the original or ‘ dinaace of secession adopted by that statu at the inception of the civil war. GERMANY CLAIMS A BIG VICTORY Report That They Have Captured Ten Thousand French in Lorraine Near Metz, but Story of Reverse is Denied by French Commanders. Berlin, Aug. 21, via Stockholm, Aifj. 22.— (Delayed In Transmission.)—A great victory to the German arms against the French between Metz and Vosges yesterday is reported. The field of battle was over many miles and several thousand French prison ers are said to have been taken. The battle continues. France Denies Reverse. London, Aug. 2:!.—.12: 15 u. m.—All official dispatch from I’aris says: "An official Gorman telegram has announced that wo suffered a severe reverse in l.orraine, August 20, which was transformed August 21 into a rout in the course of which wo are said to have lost 10,000 men. "These are exaggerations. The Herman success In l,orrain does not exceed that gained by us in Alsace. The number of guns left by us in the hands of the Germans is certainly n ferior to that which we captured in Alsace and the total of our dead, wounded, prisoners and missing will certainly be far less than 10,000, tae figure given us the number of prison ers alone.” France Reports Situation. Paris, Aiik. 22.-11:45 p. m — An official announcement made tonight sa.vs: “The situation in Belgium Is un changed. The German forces are moving westward preceded by cav alry. There lias been skirmishing in llie direction of Ghent on the side of the French frontier. On the other side the Belgian army is ready in an entrenched camp at Antwerp. “in the Wavre region the positions are unmodified. The German offen sive movement in Lorraine stopped today. There lias been no German attack against the position known as Grand Oouronne d" Nancy. “It should be remarked that the conquest of tlie Vogcs was accom plished with small forces which were increased later at the Ballou d'Alsace. Our forces varied from a battalion of chasseurs to a regiment of infantry. Tlie losses were of the lightest, 20 men for our side and inn for the Ger mans. “Operations in the Vosges wer>* necessitated by the French policy of keeping troops five miles from the frontier until the declaration of war. The Germans took advantage of this and established themselves strongly in the Vosges, whence they had to be dislodged. In the southern section tliis was not difficult. In the central section the occupation was much harder. The Germans had taken every advantage of the nature of the ground and were strongly posted in every path. It was necessary for us to go around by the I'rbeis and Saales passes. This enabled us to shell the German flank and take their fortified positions from the rear. This operation cost us somewhat heavily." France to Retaliate. London, Aug. 22.—6:25 p. m.—A dis rated to the Reuter Telegram Com pany front l’uris quotes an official statement: “Owing to strategical considera tions it lias been Impossible to co operate earlier with the Belgian army in the defense of their country, but the engagements which we have un dertaken are only the more solemn and our co-operation will he still closer and will be pursued with e* treine energy. “In contrast with the considerate treatment accorded Herman prison ers, it has been established that the enemy considers as non-existent both international conventions and the most ancient traditions of right and military order. We are suffering a veritable invasion of barbarians. We wish indead, to remain civilized and will do so till the end, despite this return to savagery on the pari of the nation which has pretended to be ar Idler of civilization, lint it t» impos sible to inv i-rve towards our present adversaries the chivalrous venerosliy "hiell until now has been the rule be tween soldiers. "Time lor war with gloves on has passed. The enemies with whom we exchanged at Kontcnoy courteous words In for,, opening tire have be come today our faithful and useful ‘i lies. V\ e have before us uAbridled ■ avages Wo owe to them only the strict observation of the rules of hu manity and the iaws of war. "Tile minister of war has issued fir let instructions that German pris oners. officers as well as'soldiers, not he treated with consideration and lavor which should be reserved for our (Jwn men. Life is assured, nat urally; that is all we owe them." France’s Sustenance. I’iiri:,, Auk. 22. <i: 15 p. jn.— Rural l ianc,. is making a valiant struggle t' harvi st its crops. Only old or crippled men and women, youths and children are workinu in the fields. I I lie richly cultivated countryside* urn almost deserted. The men hava none, the horses have disappeared, part of the cattle have been driven olt' and the inns are dosed. At Ktretat, on the Norman coast, nut of a population of 1,900 only :J4 men are left. Americans have a urge number of villa.- there and in loud of golfing and playing tennis, lliese wealthy people are working lu I he fields and orchards. No home is too remote to fly the French Hag. Kwry bridge, cross road. and cuivort is guarded by re serves. Already the food supply, should 4’aris become beleaguered, which is retarded as -most improbable, is oc cupying (he attention of the academy of sciences. A committee on hygiene is. arranging for quantities of pre served beef, milk, etc. Objection to keeping large herds of cattle witn ihe possibility of bovine ilUcanes, such as was experienced in 1870, is poiiiii if out as against the advantages of a preserved food supply. dionalil Harper of tho American r* lie! committee in Paris, is going to Wash in "I on to suggest to (’reside it W ilson that he recommend an inter national measure of agreement to keep up the parity or the money of the great nations. "I have set n American dollars,” said Mr. Harper, “selling in Paris for as low as 7u cents. For ten days a dollar was not worth at the hanks more than no cents. Money changers and tourist agencies were buying Knglish sovereigns at 21! francs apiece and selling them at 2S. An American dollar now Is at ;i and 1 per cent dis count in Paris.” REFUGEE SHiPS LAND. New York, Aug. 22.—The Cunard liner Capania and American line steamer St. fxiuis arrived tonight from Liverpool .filled to their utmost capacity with returning Americans. The Capania brought ti!5 cabin and til5 steera-'e, tlte St. Louis hjd 6<J3 cabin and IjS steerage passengers. Many passengers were penniless and had only the clothes they wore. In the Irish channel the Capania passed about twenty submarines, which the passengers at first thought to be whales. The next morning about forty miles west of Nantucket a British cruiser passed her. The St. Louis saw the same cruiser. The steamship Oceana, which wid sail for Genoa. August 2<i, to bring home Americans, will be the first foreign vessel purchased by Ameri cans umi sailed under the American flag under the provisions of the new shipping bill, so far as is known her *. No announcement of the use to which the Oceana will be put was made i> day.