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Ko#t peop'e do more .hopping on Tf # f 4(4 A I! WEATHER gi=H5 tmtmUMtMtt). £per pobllebod to Hot Spring.. ^ ^ T ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Washington, Aug. 27.-Foreca.t for Ml® ONLY NEWVPA Pl'D IK, Ur\m onr»>.^n Arkansas: Thunder showers Friday — -- -_ lN H()T SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. II and pr0babiy Saturday VOLUME XXXII. ■ — ■ - .. - . .. II L .H0T SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY MORNING, ANGUST 28, 1914. NUMBER 155 GERMANY GAINWjRVSSTA ADVANGES GERMANY MASSING; ALLIES STAND FIRM Defense of the Belgian-French Frontier Under goes Slight Change and Germans Are Mass ing for a Desperate Effort. English and French Lines Fall Back to Stronger Defensive Position and Make Preparation to Withstand Attack. London, Aug. 28.—l: lo a. ni.—Tli British press bureau at 12:lb) a. n gave out the following statement: “The French op< rations of war ove a distance of some 250 miles have in te ablated certain changes in the p. aition ot our troops who now are oc eupyfng a strong line to meet tin German advance sunoorted by tin French army on both flanks. “Tlie morale of both armies appear to be excellent and there is litth doubt that they will give good ip counts of themseives in the position: they now hold.” France Takes Offensive. Parts, Aug. 27.-2:25 p. m— JIh following official bulletin was issuer by the war office tonight: “In the Vosges district our troop | today assumed the offensive am; drove back the Germans, who yester day had forced them to retire on tie: Saint Die wide. "The Germans yesterday bom banted St. Die, an unfortified town. "in tlie region between the Vosges aml Nancy our offensive movement has continued uninterruptedly for fiv ■ day The German losses have bc“ii coimidt ruble, 2,500 bodies were found on a front of three kilometers south ta i ot Nancy and 1,500 bodies on a front of four kilometers in tlie region of Vitrimont. “Longwy, an old fortress, the garri sou of which consisted of on.y one battalion, which had been bombarded on August 2, capitulated today after boding out lor more than 21 days. Moie than half the garrison was killtd or wounded. Lieut. Col. Durche. touonor of lxingwy, has been nomi nated an officer of the Legion of Honor for 'heroic conduct in the de fense of Longwy ’ "tin tin* Meuse our troops have i> pulacd with great vigor several Ger man attack*. A U< rtuau flag wa taken. T in Belgian field army attached to Namur and a French recommit which suppoited it liave joined our lines. "In the north the British have «• t tacked foicis greatly superior in iiuin bm and were obliged, after brisk re sistance, to witiidraw a little in Iho fear on their right. Dur armies maintained their posi tion. in Belgium. The army of Ant w,i| has drawn off and held before it everal German divisions.'’ Aviator Killed. I'ari . Aug. 27. ■> p. m. An army 1 > ''tenant aviator and his pilot. whose Uaiin' are suppressed, wi r.' kiln'd to day m tlie rail of their machine at Juvisy. Another War Levy. 1 oiulon, Aug. 2S. 2:30 a. m.—-A Boulogne dispatch to the Standard sa.\. that the town of Tournai. capital of the department of llainut, Belgium, occupied by the Germans, was com pared to pay indimnity of $400,000 w, t hiii an hour, the burgomaster being held ns a hostage until the money was paid. Socialists Unified. Baris Aug. 27. 10:40 p. m.—The unified socialists tonight issued a manifesto In which they declared they Were In accord with the socialists mi nihcrs of the new cabinet and would share In the responsibilities which they assumed. “If,” says the manifesto, "it coti wI'ni d only ordinary participation t" a bourgeois government our consent would have not bee obtained. But • concern (lie future of the nation and the life ol France and the socialist* Party has not hesitated.’ The War Situation. Baris. Aug. 27. 0:55 p. m—General ■b* I .a t'riox. military critic or the Temps writes as follows on the sit uation : “lu judging of the actual situation (>ne must not separate tlie events which are unrolling upo.t the Franco Belgian frontier and the conflict gu lag on between Gcrmaany and Russia. Tlie Russians are advancing in east ern-Prussia and Galicia end they are lar from having all their forces in the men ement. "Germany, which is moving the ma jority of he*r forces against us and attacking with extreme violence, is in great danger. She must transfer part of her army now engaged against France and send it against Russia. We must hold fast, no matter what the sacrifice, and prevent the realiza lion of the German plau to withdraw part of her troops ()ur army in the north must not he content te» defend but when the mo ment arrives, it must again take tlie offensive. By our offensive we will be able to know that Germany is stripping our front." French Declaration. Paris, Aug. 27. :;:15 p. m.—The new cabinet for national desfensi* met today and decided to make a declai'a tion to the> people of France, parlia ment not being in session. Premier Viviani was writing tlie declaration this afte rnoon and it was expected he woued submit it to Ills colleagues tieis evenin Uhlans Are Active. I'aris, Aug. 27. 0:30 p. m.—-The fol lowing official announcement was made public tonight: "In certain regions of the north in habitants of towns and villages hazel been frightened by the appearance* of scouts of tin- enemy. These are pass ing incursions which can happen m any war and need cause* no alarm, as they do not at all indicate imminent occupation by the enemy." Fighting at Namur. Lomioii. Aug. 28.-2:10 a. in.—Tho paby Te<'graph’s I’aris correspond today gives a story of tlo* earlier lighting at Namur, as described by Au-ii.-t Mellot, Belgian deputy for Namur. Mellot says that until Au gust lit citizens of Namur liopeel the Belgian army would be Joined by the French and English and would meet and rout the Gorman forces before ti.e v reached Namur, but on that day a detachment of Belgian horsemen met a de tachment of Lilians and en gage el in a s mart light in which the Germans were smashed up. •■’I'liis incident," saiel Meilot, let „„ doubt that the Germans would re turn in greater numbers. The next day while we were* busy completing defenses the first three shells fell In Namur. One struck tho bridge at Salzinnes and killed five persons. •From that moment we were -licl eel daily, and numbers of persons w.-iv killed and great damage done. We still hoped, however, that the al 1U*s would drive the Germans out ol ’Mclgium. but the German cavalry .. over nearer and on the IMh we lolt that we were being surrounded. •Ti,, „ on the 20th we heard the news of the occupation of Brussels and gave up hope of a decisive battle north of Namur. The cannonade in crcasi'il during the night and on the the battee around Namur became general. It lusted alt day. Congratulates French Troops. Paris. A hr. 27.-l:(Ki p. in— Alcx andre MiUerand, who became minis t,.r of war in the new cabinet formed last niaht, today addressed a letter to General Joffre, commander in-chief cf the French troops. It was in part as follows: “On assuming control of the minis try of war i wish my first act to be to send to the troops under your command and their chiefs the tribute of the admiration and confidence of the government of the republic and country. France is assured of vic tory because she is resolved to gain it.” Ai SAYS JAPAN ACTUAL STATE OF WAR DOES NOT EXIST BETWEEN JAPAN AND AUSTRIA AT THIS TIME. JUST A KUmiRF; NUT WAR ___ United States Takes No Chances. However, and Promptly Issues a Proclamation of Neutrality in the Latest Clash. Tokio. Aug. 27.—7:20 p. m.—The sit uation between Japan and Austria i* described liere "as a rupture ot diplo matic relations, not war." The Austro-Hungarian ambassador explained to Premier Kato that Au stria felt in duty bound to follow her ally and withdraw her ambassador from Japan. This evening Kato seat his secretary to the diplomat carry ing the latter’s passports. The members ot the Austrian em bassy are hurrying their arrange ments to sail on the Manchuria for San Francisco Saturday. The Ger man ambassador, Count Von Hex, will take passage on the Minnesota for Seattle the same day. The interests of both embassies will he looked after by the American ambassador. U. S. Is Neutral. Washington, Aug. 27.—President Wilsoa today issued a proclamation of neutrality recognizing that a “state of war unhappi v exists between Japan and Austria-Hungary.” It is similar to other proclamations previously issued. Washington Aug. 27.—The issuance of the president’s proclamation of neu trality as between Japan and Austria followed aa unusual sequence of events, during which, so far as of ficials here are aware, neither country actually declared war. A "state of war” was recognized by the United States as existing, how ever, because Ambassador lhimba of Austria notified the state department that the emperor of VuBtria-tliiugary bad instructed the cruiser Kaiserin Elizabeth to join the German fleet de fending Tsing Tau. Fast iMonday or ders were transmitted from Vienna through Washington to the ollieos of the Austrian vessel to dismantle her. Press despatches from Tsing Tau last night said the orders had been carried out and the ctew had left. Amlia.ssai^tr I mm has telegram to the American government made no mention of any declaration of war hut said dip'omatie relations between the two countries bad been servered. To kio dispatches describes the situation as a rupture of diplomatic relations hut the order to the Kaiserin Eliza beth was regarded by the state de l>artment officials as of itself an act. of war. The Japanese embassy here issued a statement today denying reports that Japan would send a fleet to the Adriatic. Austria’s Chinese Force. Tokio, Aug. 27.-10:20 a. in.—The Japanese ambassador to Austria lias been ordered to withdraw to Home Austrian troops in China number only eighty. Whether these with the crew of 207 of the disarmed Austrian cruis er Kaiserin Elizabeth will concentrate at Tsing Tau and aid the Germans is not known. -n—-- ■ — RESUME OCEAN TRAFFIC. Seattle, Wash., Aug, 27.—The Can adian-Pacific Railway Company wi 1 resume trans Pacific steamship ser vice on regular schedulie Otoher 15, add the Harrison line steamers wil begin regular service between file Pacific coast and England through the Panama canal, the latter part of September, according to announce ment here today. NEW ALIEN POLICY. England Will Require All Foreigners to Establish Identity. London. Aug. 27.—11:5(1 p, m. The American embassy today was advised by the foreign office of a new ruling concerning a,lens regarded as ene mies of (ireal liritain which makes the departure of noncom batants more difficult. Such aliens now In England whose homes are in the United States or who have relatives living there will be permitted to leave England but will be required to satisfy the war otfice that they must go and that tlmy are on a peaceful mission. Many Hermans claiming to bo nat uralized Americans are being held up here because of lack of proper proof o;' naturalization. —.. --- GERMAN PRESS BUREAU. Rome. Aug. 27.- via Paris—tier many has sent a special represents live here to organize a press service as the lack of Herman war news is considered detrimental to the inmlii cnee Germany wishes to exercise in Italy. Serious difficulty is being en : countered in obtaining from Switzer I land permission to use the telephone through her territory. RUSSIANS SINK GERMAN CRUISER DRIVE OFT GERMAN VESSEL AND COMPEL THEM TO BLOW UP ONE GROUNDED EVSSEL. Gig Merchant Cruiser Sunk Off Afri can Coast—Japan Denies Naval At tack on German Garrison. IBer'iin, Aug. 27, via Amsterdam and London, Aug. 27.- 8:0<j p. m.—The German admiralty lias issued the fol lowing: "The light cruiser Magdeburg ran shore in a fog on the island of Odens-j burg in the Gulf of Finland. Owing to thick weather, German warships in the vicinity were unable to render ts sistanee and all efforts to float the' vessel having failed, the captain de cided to sacrifice liis ship as a supe rior Russian navai force was prepar ing to attack. “I'ndcr a heavy fire from the Rus sian fleet, most of the crew of the cruiser were saved by the German torpedo boat V-26. Seventeen men wore killed, 25 wounded and 85, in cluding the captain, arc missing. Tiie Magdeburg was blown up. The sur vivors readier Germany today." Auxiliary Cruiser Sunk. London, Aug. 27.-1:12 p. m.—The Kaiser Wilhelm der Crosse, 14,000 tons, lias been sunk off the west coast of Africa by the British cruiser Highflyer. Deny Naval Attack. Washington, Aug. 27.—Japanese embassy officials here were frankly incredulous today as to the reports lrom Peking that a Japanese naval at tack upon Tsin Tau had been repelled by the German garrison. They said positively that no such attack had oc curred. | The Japanese campaign contem plated, it was pointed out, the estate j lishment of a rigid blockade of Tsing Tau from the seaside. The idea was to starve out the garrison which j would be hemmed in by Japanese and perhaps British troops in the I Sailor Prince III. London, Aug. 28.—2:20 a. ni.— Prince Albert, King George’s second si’ii, who lias been with the North sea f.eet and who was recently taken ill with apoplexy, lias been landed at a^ port in Scotland. His condition causes no anxiety. -——-u GERMAN AIR GRAFT FEARER BY LONDON RECENT ZEPPELIN ATTACK ON ANTWERP CAUSES MUCH ANX IETY IN ENGLISH CAPITAL. London, Aug. 28.—2:50 a. m.—The attack on Antwerp by a Zeppelin dirigible balloon lias aroused some anxiety regarding the possibility oi a similar attack on London. | The Gaily Telegraph, discussing the advisability of providing a suitable protection for London against such a raid, says: "There exists the distinct possi bility that, further raids of a similar nature and on more extensive scale may he carried out by the Germans. There is no reason to suppose that • tlie international code regarding an attack on an unfortified city would by respected by the Germans. “Under favorable conditions a dir igible troin Antwerp could reach Lon don in about five hours. However, i the chances of detection even by 1 ni-'ht are overwhelming and a Zeppe ■ lin, to fulfill its mission, wounl have ' to fly as lowr as 5,000 feet, at which ! altitude it would lie well within tue ,' range of ordinary artillery fire.” CHANCELLOR HIGH GERMAN OFFICIAL NEARLY HAS SPASM WHEN ENGLAND FINALLY DECLARED WAR. SCORED THE UNITED KINGDOM -1 For Striking Germany Just Over the Little Word “Neutrality,” and a Scrap of Paper Called Internation ally, a Treaty. London, Aug. 27.-10:40 p. m.—The Hi itish foreign office tonight issued the report of Sir William Goschen. former ambassador at Berlin, regard ing the breaking of diplomatic rela tions with German',. The report, dated August 5, says the ambassador, he called the German secretary of state, Gottlieb Von Ju S'gow, and inquired whether Germany would refrain from violating Belgian neutrality. ‘‘Herr Von Jagow," the report con tinues, "replied that he was sorry to say his answer must be ‘No,’ since (German troops having crossed the j frontier that morning, Belgian neu- j trality already lias been violated. Herr Von Jagow again went into the reasons why the imperial government had been obliged to take this step, namely, that they had to advance into France by the quickest and easiest way to get well ahead with their op etations and endeavor to strike a de cisive blow as early as possible. “It was a matter of life or death for them, as if they had gone by the more southern route they could not have hoped in view of the paucity of roads and the strength of the fortress to have gone through without form idable opposition, entailing great loss of time. “This loss of time would mean time gained by the Russians for the bring ing up of their troops to the German frontier. Rapidity of action was the great asset, while that of Russia wa^ the inexhaustible supply of troops. "1 pointed out to Herr Von Jagow that this fact accomplished the viola- ' tion of the Belgian frontier and ren dered, as he wouid readily under- ( stand, the situation exceedinly grave, ( and I asked him whether there still was not time to draw back and avoid \, possible consequences which both ne , and I would deplore. "He replied that for reasons he had given me it was now impossible for , him to draw back." The Britisli ambassador went to the German foreign otfice again the same ait<1 moon and informed the secretary' of state that unless the imperial gov ernment could give assurances by 12 o'clock that night that they wouid proceed no further with the violation of tile Belgian frontier and stop their advance, he had been instructed by j Bir Fdward Grey to demand his pass ports and to inform the imperial gov ernment that Ills majesty’s govern ment would have to take all steps in . its power to uphold Belgium and the observance of the treaty to which Germany was as much a party as Gieat Britain. "Herr Von Jagow,” says the report, “replied that to his great regret he could give no other answer than that which he had given me earlier in the day; nameiy, that the safety of the empire rendered it necessary that the imperial troops should advance through Belgium. “1 gave his excellency a written • summary of your telegram and, point ing out that y.ou had mentioned 12 I o'clock when your majesty’s govern ment would expect an answer, asked | him whether, in view of the terrible consequences which would necessa | rtly ensue, it was not possible, even I at the iast moment, that their answer , should be reconsidered. He replied that If the time given were even 21 j hours or more his answer might be ■ tlie same. i *‘1 uuirl in +ltu+ />aor> < hut T ~ 11 r»111 <! have to demand my passports. "The interview took place about 7 o’clock. In a short conversation .which ensued, Herr Von Jagow ex pressed ilia poignant regret at the crumbling of iiis entire policy and that of tlie imperial chancellor, which had been to make friends with Great Britain and then through Great Britain to get closer to France. "1 said that this sudden end to my work in Berlin was to me aiso a mat ter of deep regret and disappointment, blit that he must understand that un der the circumstances and in view of our engagements, his majesty’s gov ernment could not have acted other wise than it had done.’* The ambassador then went to sec the imperial chancellor, Dr. Von Bethmanu llollweg, whom he found excited. “The chancellor,” says the report, “began a harangue w hich lasted abo il 20 minutes. lie said (tie step tak"n by Great Britain was terrible to a d" groe. .lust for a word 'neutrality,' a word for which in wartime had been so often disregarded; just for a scrap of paper. Great Britain was going to make war on a kindred nation who desired nothing better than to ha friends with her. Ail his efforts in that direction had been rendered use less by this last terrible step and the policy to which, as I knew, he had devoted himself since his accession to olfice was tumbled down like a house of cards. “What we had done was unthink able. It was like striking a man from behind while he was fighting for h's life against two assailants, lie he.d Great Britain responsible for ail the great events that might happen. “i protested strongly against tills statement and said that in the same way as he and llerr Von Jagow wished me to iindersand that for strategctical reasons it was a matter of life or death to Germany to ad vance through Belgium and violate file latter's neulraility, so 1 wou.d wish him to understand that it was, sc to speak, a matter of life or death for the honor of Great Britain that she should keep her solemn engage ment (o do her utmost to defend Bel gium's neutrality it attacked. A sol emn compact had to be kept; or what confidence could any nation have In engagements given by Great Britain in the future? “The chancellor said: ‘But at what price will that compact have been kept; has the British government thought of that?’ “I hinted to his excellency as plain ly as I could that fear of conse quences hardly could lie regarded as an excuse for breaking a solemn en gagement. But his excellency was so excited, so evidently overcome by the news of our action, so little disposed to hear reason, that i refrained from adding fuel to the flames by further argument.” German Ru'er of Belgium. London, Aug. 27.—10:40 |>. m.—-The Marconi company tonight received liie following German official wireless dL l>atch: "Field 'Marshall Von Goldtz, who has been trusted hy the emperor with the administration of that part of Bel gium in the possession of Germany lias left for Belgium to eater upo^ his duties as governor general. The civil administration is entrusted to the president of the government board at Aix La Chapellc, Baron Von San (it, on whom the title of excellency has conferred, lie will he known us the chief administrator.” "The King of Bavaria,” tiie dispatch continues, "ii«s left for the western theater of war. "German aeroplanes today passed over the frontier forts at Antwerp. Attacks niton them were without re sult." Officers Seek Families. I’aris, Aug. 27.—6:45 p. nr.—A num ber of Belgian engineers who came to I’aris today went to the prefect if police to find out if members of their families were among the Belgian relu gees who have arrived here. The prefecture could give them only ad dresses of places where the refugees are being quartered and the negineera left to try to find their lost ones. Germany Levies War Tax. London, Aug. 27.— The Germans have imposed a line of $300,000 on the Belgian town of Charleroi. Canadians Fight Together. Ottawa, Out., Aug. 27.—Apparently the Canadian expeditionary force will lake the field in Europe as a Cau adian unit. A cable from the British war office today indicated the force would not be divided There will tie 35,000 men in camp at Valcartier next week. ■-o WIRELESS SITUATION. Washington, Aug. 27.—Count Von .Bernstorff, the German ambassador, I arrived in Washington from New ; York today after sp< tiding the sum ! liter in Germany. lie immediately ■ took up the matter of censorship lin I posed by the American government I on the German-owned wireiess station I at Sayvitle, L. 1. | The embassy already has protested that the censorship is discriminatory jaeainst Germany and in violation of .neutrality. The state department has (referred this protest to experts and has not yet rendered a final opinion. CONCENTRATE ALEIED ARMY (far ' |i * ---- ENGLISH COMMANDER IS SATIS FI ED WITH CONDITION AND POSITION OF THE TROOPS. THEY OCCUPY NEW POSITION Germans Massing For Last Desperate Effort to Smash Defense and by Forced Marches to Turn the Left Flank of the Allies. lgmdon. Aug. 27 1:30 a in.—The conflict of millions at last appears to he in progress. Even the sinking Of the German steamer Kaiser YVi'uelin I>er Gross pales beside news of the titantlc bat tle and the realization that the allies are fighting to block the road to Paris with the Germans hardly farther away than New York is from Phila delphia. Meanwhile the Russian host is drawing nearer to Berlin. Not even during tlio first struggle between Eu rope and Asia on the far Manchurian plains was the enormous battle fought in such impenetrable silence as far as concerns the outer world. Only tlie vaguest generalities are given to the peoples of (iroat Britain and Franco by their respective gov ernments. PmUthly the German peo ple know as little of what their armies are accomplishing. All the information the public ob tained today was the report from the French announced by 'Premier As quith in the house of commons, that tile army was engaged on Wednesday ngainst a superior force and fought splendid y. He considers its position and pros pects in tlie battle satisfactory. At midnight Hie official news bu reau gave further information thar. tile French operations, extending over a distance or 250 miles, necessitated changes in the position of the British troops which are occupying a strong line suported by tlie French on both flanks to meet the German advance. The impending battle undoubtedly, will he an attempt by the Germans, with the largest force employed for a swift attack, to sledge hammer its way through the allies' defensive barrier while trying to out flank them between Ilioir left and tlie seoboard. The Pali 'Mall Gazette's crttic says that the fighting has been on a front 20 miles adorig the line between Cam brai and l>e Gateau and between the rivers 'Scheldt and Sahbre, while the Germans have been steadily attempt ing an outflanking movement by forc ed mardches. The allies have tlie ad vantage of working on interior lines and have been falling back. In tha in terests of concen(ration. The Russians appear to be steadily advancing in east Prussia. They are approaching tlie great fortress of Ko ningsburg and have crossed the River Alle at several points. While they continued their advance witn Posen as their objective they are con fronting the Austrians between the Dneistor and the Vistula and claim a number of victories a ong that line. The Austrians assert that they hav’9 defeated 'be Russians in a six dayj battle near Kransnik, Russian Poland, ‘repulsing them decisively over the en tire front of about 43 miles. A dozen battles are being fought all of whicn will b« considered millstones of his tory in less overwhelming days. The sinking of the Kaiser Wilhelm Her Grosse by a British cruiser and the loss of the German cruiser Madge hurg are episodes in tlie chronicles of a day. The British puti’ic is becoming rest less under the supense. The news papers are beginning to demand a lossening of the censorship, while wo men ttirong the war office for word as to whether their husbands and sons are among the 2.000 British dead and wounded in the last weeks righting. -o . NEW BURLINGTON HEAD. Chicago. Aug. 27.- Hale Holden, of Chicago today was elected president of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad to succeed the late Darius Mi'ler. Seven years ago Mr. Holden wa3 an attorney in Kansas City. He repre sented the railroad in fighting the /Minnesota rate case and on July I, 1 !H»7. at the suggestion Of James J. Will, he became attorney general for the Burlington, later he became as sistant to the president and In 1912 vice president.