Newspaper Page Text
MEET THE HIGH
sspss „,. wbcre to spend your money u( g«t tte best possible value. TUV n\rr v \-tr Arkansas: Fair Thursday; Friday )y'IA NEWSPAPER in HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. fair and warmer. _ T - HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, THU RSDAY MORN ING, OCTOBER 15, 1914. NUMBER 198. MASTER BLOW IS EXPECTED LONDON PREDICTS A DECISIVE ACTION IN VICINITY OF LILLE AT EARLY DATE. PREVENT BERMAN JUNCTION * Allies Have Already Bent Back the German Right and London Expects a Decisive Engagement on French Border Soon. ’.option, Oct. 14.-9:30 p. m—While It fully Is expected the Germans will reach Ostein! and other point.* in the northwest of Belgium if they have not dune so already, they will meet a itiiltiorn resistance in their attempt to extend the right wing of theii main army through Pas Del Calais to the French northern ports. In fact ‘hey have fallen hack in this region in the face of the allies'-offensive. A few days ago German cavalry were fighting as far west as Haze hrcnok and Gasset, but today, accord Big to tile French official communlca lion issued late today, the front of this battle extends front La Basse • through K raires to Bailleul, on the Belgian frontier, while across the bor der the allies have occupied Ypres. This is a distinct gain for the al lies and shows that the German attempt to work around their left has failed, the German right being bent hues to ward Lille and Court mi, both ct which places the invaders hold with strong forces. Heavy Blow Expected Soon. 'It is here the heavy blows which both skies lioim will bring about a de c.isiva result in the long drawn out battle will l>e struck. It is for this reason that the Germans will lie able to make their way to Ostend. at thought even there, some troops have been left to inflict what damage the can before joining the luiger body further south. The censorship has prohibited any mention of the operations to the norilt of Arras which probably is the basis for the belief that the allies have prepared what one military critic declares is "a smashing blow which will be the more crushing in its effect the longer it is delayed.’’ Of the recent fighting elsewhere, the French communication simply says that the operations are proceed in? normally on the left wing as far as the (disc, that the allies’ progress in the Berry-anBac region is con firmed and that on the right wing there is nothing new. For the first time the French gen eral staff takes notice of and denies some claims put forth by the Ger mans. It is denied that two French cavalry divisions have been destroyed and it is asserted on the other hand that aviators with French cavalry in flioted heavy losses on the German cavalry. It is declared also that thp Gormans have not come into touch with the fortress of Verdun and that attempts to do so nave tailed, while jin their effort to cross the Meuse at St. Mihiel they were outflanked. liermany s big Heserve. Oii.maii reports coining through dV.ine say that the real struggle is just beginning mid that if neces ary live million men can be called upon 'or compulsory service, while many volunteers also are available. Vienna makes the claim that th" Russians have evacuated Lemberg, while the Russians yesterday denied a similar reiport that they had given up the siege of Przetnysl. It would not surprise military men if the Rus sians withdraw from Galicia to con centrate all their forces for the su prune struggle which with the ad vance of the Austro-Hungarian armie iuto Poland is now upon them along Hie Vistula immediately sou h o! Warsaw to the sou|)iern boundary. Nothing has come through concern ing the battle on the east Prussian frontier but the activity c* the Ger man fleet in the Baltic and Gulf of Kurland may presage the ei rival o Gorman reinforcements which, it was n orted some days ago, were being embarked at Gennun Baltic port3. May Land Troops by Sea. A Go; man squadron, the flagship ( f which is flying the f’ug of Prince H< nry of Prussia, bus been cruising in tlie vicinity of Aland is lair’d and on v a day or two ago the Russian ondaer Puliada was torpedoed by Gt man submarines, two of whirl were lost. The presence of the Gor •man ships probably would prevent the Russian warships from coming out to interfere with transports should there he any doubt. 1 mre was every Indication today that rurkev and Portugal would be drawn into the war. Portugal has not declared war on Germany as was re ported earlier in the day, but a j:ar tial mobilization of her forces will be ordered toiler row and martial la. vi llas been declared in Portuguese Congo. Portugal has an alliance with Great Britain but this is purely a defensive one and was negotiated for the peace of Portugal and not with the idea that Portugal should ever lie t ailed on to come to the assistance of Great Brit ain. However, the sympathy of that country is krio>wn to be with the allies atid sin* has had some small difficul ties with the Germans in Africa. A short time ago a German offioer. sus pecting that tlie Portuguese were In stigating unrest among the German natives of East Africa, crossed into Portuguese Nyassuland and killed a Portuguese sergeant and four natives. Black Sea Fight Expected. The former German cruisers Goe bett and Breslau, which sought refuge in Turkish waters when dtiveti out of the .Mediterranean by the British and French warships, may be responsible for the involment of Turkey. Although these ships ostensibly wore sold to Turkey, they still are officered and manned by Germans and have been cruising off the Roumanian and Bul garian costs of the Black sea, where tin* Russian Black sea fleet has been for some days. Should the Russian warsli.ips sigut the Goebeji and Bres lau an engagement would be possible. Botha to Punish Rebels. General Botha, premier of the I nioii of South Africa, lias sent a force to deal witli Colonel Maritz and the rebels under his command. Another telegram from the South African government says the rebel lion is not so serious as was feared, it is said the men under Maritz do not exceed 500. including Germans, and that as the Dutch farmers are flocking to General Botha's standard, (Maritz is not likely to receive any large acquisitions. Canadian Troops Land. Ottawa, Oct. 14. Announcement that (lie fleet of .'52 trans&»ort steam ers carrying the Canadian expedition ary force fo 33.000 reached England today and are disembarking the! troops at Plymouth, has been cabled to Premier Sir Robert Borden by George E. Perley, a member of the administration now la Great Britain. The flotilla left Canada under con voy October 2. The selection of Plymouth as the place of debarkation is taken as an Indication th.it the Canadians will he encamped on Salisbury plain. Arrival in English waters on Octo ber S of the vanguard of the fleet car rying thp Canadian contingent was re ported in cable messages received here on that date. Red Cross in Russia. Petrograd. Oct. 14.—Via London, Oct. 15.—4:16 a. in.—The American Red Cross coups was entertained for a half hour today by the dowager eni press, who sent automobiles from the royal palaco to convey the entire party of surgeons and nurses. The empress, gowned in black vel vet and wearing a rope of pearls re ceived with the utmost democracy the American doctors, clad in flannel shirts and khaki, and the nurses in grey gingham dresses. She remained standing during the reception, chat ting with eae hof her guests. The dowager empress said she felt honored that the Americans had come so far to render service to Russia She expressed willingness to help in any way possible. The corps is now detained at Perro» .rad owing to the necessity of having measurements taken for Russian uni forms. -o TRY ASSASSIN 8F ARCHDUKE FERDINAND __ MAN WHO FIRED SHOT WHICH STARTED PRESENT EUROPEAN WAR IS ON TRIAL. Rome, via Paris. Oct. 15. -9 p. m. IDhipatchos received here from Sara javo. Bosnia, say that the town is virtually in a state of siege owing to the circumstances surrounding the trial of Cavrio Pi inzip, assassin o: Archduke Francis Ferdinand and hits wife, and Prinzip’s twenty-one accom plices. The men are charged with high treason in connection with the assassination. Terror reigns everywhere in Sara javo it is said. The police have taken extraordinary precautions an! the whole garrison is being kept in readi ness for any emergency. According to law the trial is open to tite pub ic but in reality the apace reserved for the public is being entirely occupied by police agents in civilian clothes. Telegraphl reports of the trial are prohibited except those of the official agency. LI RECAPIURED VIENNA DISPATCH INDICATES THAT RUSSIANS STILL HOLD THAT STRONGHOLD. — PKZEMYSL PARTLY INVESTED Berlin States That Invaders Have Been Driven Off in One Quarter But Still Maintain Their Position in the East—Steamers Taken. London, Oot. 14.-9:50 p. m.—1The following official statement, given out in Berlin has been receivce here by the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Com pany : "It was announced Officially In VI •Tina yesterday that our troops ad ducing on I’r7.emysl supported by a sortie of the garrison have repulsed the encircling troops in such a way that the. enemy is now able to main tain his position only before the east t rn front of the fort ress. Several military bridges in Sounica broke down during the retreat and many Km.-slang were drowned in the San. "Fighting east of Chyrow, Galicia, oi.ntinues. Our cavalry drove back a Cossack division in the direction of IDrohohvcz Marches and fighting dur ing the past few weeks have been made extremely difficult ou account of the unfavorable weather and the condition of the roads, but the ca pacity of our brave troops has been brilliantly proved. "The Stettin Neuste Naehrichton states that on Monday three steamers bound from Sweden and Russia to England were brought into Swine nmnde by German tone‘do boa s which captured the vessels near Kalstorho, Sweden. a vessel carrying provisions for Russia and two ves sels carrying wood from Russia to England also were brought into Hwinelninde by German torpedo boats Monday.” Still Occupy Lemberg. Manchester. Mass., Oct. J 4.—1The Austro Hungarian embassy here to night announced receipt of an official wireless message from the home gov ernment as follows: "'Polish refugees in Vienna give in formation that the Russians, after the occupation of Lemberg, sent the fa mous Polish library housed in the Ossolinaky institute to St. Petersburg. The most prominent .public edifices in the town have been undermined and the Russians have declared their in tention to blow them up as soon as they are forced to leave the town. This news has created consternation and anger in Polish circles. “Our advance in Galicia has forced the Russians to lessen their efforts against Przemysl. Yesterday our bombardment greatly weakened the 'Russians, who began to withdraw part, of their forces at Patient. Our advancing columns met strong Rus sian forces, fighting is still continu ing. Kuzwadow, on the San, tins been retaken by us. In the Carpa liians the Russians are fleeing from Mar inaroB district at Botoske.” German Army Changes. Paris, Oct. 14—3:15 p. m.—A Havas agency dispatch from Basel says: "General Barsevit has been appoint ed commander of the t'nrid German army by the emperor, according to in telligence reaching here. Admiral Von Schigger has been assigned to com mand the naval forces at Antwerp. General Von Auffenberg, who has been ill, is to return to the front.’’ Typhoid in German Army. Ivcndon, Oct. 15. -3 n. in.—Typhus has broken out in the German lines, particularly north of Soisscns, says a dispatch from Paris to the Exchange Telegraph Company. “The French are taking the utmost precaution to prevent the disease spreading to their tallies. The troops already have been vaccinated twice.' Health of Army Good. London, Oct. 14.—1 p. m.—The offi cial news bureau tonight gave out the following statement: Regarding the health of the army at home and abroad tli-t director gen era! of tlie army medical corps re ports it to be highly satisfactory. No where is there undue prevalence of preventable disease -ml the massing of the large bodies of men lias not been attended by any untoward resuits. The utmost vigilance is being exerted to maintain the present condition.” Servians Repulse Austrians. London, Oct. 14.—Id:Id p. m.—The following Servian official statement given out in Nish has been received by Reuters: "On Sunday night the enemy at tempted to attack on the extreme right wing of the front between Svornik (Bosnia) and Losnitza (Ser via). The attacks were repulsed with heavy losses to the Austrians. ‘^Monday morning they attempted to attack the Servians twice on the left bank of the (Save river but were repulsed on each occasion with great loss. Our artillery by its a< curate fire, spread panic.'' Italian Minister Better. ll’i&ine, via Paris, Oet. 14. 10:01 p. m.—After a slight improvement, the condition of Marquis Di San Gniliano. minister of foreign affairs, again has grown grave with marked weakness of the heart. The minister retains consciousness, however, and under stands perfectly the seriousness o! his condition. Although Premier Saiandra has taken charge of the foreign office, this lias not been announced official ly. He will deal with international questions previously reached an agreement with Marquis Di San Gluli ano regarding the Italian policy. Big Battle Near Warsaw. Washington, Oct. 14.—An official dispatch from Petrograd received to day at the Russian embassy says a battle Is raging in the vicinity of War saw along the river Vistula and San to Prezemysl and further to the south to the river Dniester. "On the left bank of the Vistula,” the dispatch Continues, “on the roads leading from Warsaw and Ivangorod, on October 13, our troops successfully repulsed the Germans. One regiment completely annihilated two German companies. To the south of Przemysl a battle is In progress. On the other front there are no changes of impor tance. * “In east Prussia the situation re mains uuchcanged.'* BELGIANS GOVERNMENT STILL BELIEVES THAT GERMANS WILL BE FORCED FROM BORDERS. ARMY STILL IN .THE FIELD Proclamation Says Military Forces Escaped From Antwerp and Will Continue to Fight Side by Side With the Allied Army. Washington, Oct. 14.—The procla mation i>osted in Ostend announcing tl.o withdrawal of the Belgian gov eminent to French soil was received by cable tonight b>v the Belgian lega tion. The text in pari follows: ''Citizens—For about two and a hair months the Belgian soldiers have •been defending their country. The enemy certainly expected to annihi late our army in Antwerp hut a re treat has foiled this hope and lias assured us the conservation of mili tary forces "which will continue to fight for this most just and noble cause. At this moment these forces are operating in the direction of ou. southern, frontier, where they are supported by the allies. Thanks to their valorous cooperation, the vic tory of justice is certain. in oruer not u> serve me plans c the invaders, it is important that the •tieigian government should estamisn temporarily its seat in a place from which it may, in contact with our army on one side and with t rance and Kngland on the other, continue to exercise and to assure the continu ance of the national sovereignty, for this reason the government is leaving Ostend today and will he temporarily established at Havr. ‘'Citizens—This momentary ordeal will have, we are sure, its prompt revenge. You may count upon the gallantry of our army and upon the support of the allies to hastep the hour of mutual deliverance. ‘Our beloved country, so odiously betrayed arid treated hy one of the liowers who had solemnly promised to guarantee her neutrality, has excited a growing admiration in the whole world. Thanks to the union, the cour age and the sagacity of all her chil dren. she will remain worthy of this admiration, which sustains here to day. Tomorrow she will emerge from her trials greater and more beautiful having suffered for Justice and the honor of civilization. “ix>ng live ffee and independent j Belgium. I “(Signatures of all the ministers.") OSTEND WILL BE DESERTED EVERYONE WHO CAN FIND TRANSPORTATION IS LEAVING THREATENED CITY. GERMANS WITHIN FEW MILES Aeroplane Flies Over City and Causes a Panic Both on Shore and on Ship ping in the Harbor—Beach Crowded With Refugees. Ostend, Oct. 14, via London. Oct. 15 —<12:10 a. m. -Ostend’s fate hangs in the balance. The government has left. King Albert and the main mili tary headquarters went Tuesday and i(ih.odo panic stricken people await ac tion by the Germans, who are known to have a large force within no miles of the city. The inhabitants arc fleeing as fast as ships can be provided to carry them to England. Hospitals were emptied today and the docks were lined with injured soldiers. Hundreds were carried on litters, while those less severely wounded hobbled on canes and crutches supported by i+cd • Toss nurses, doctors, nuns and j priests. The wounded were given preference on the transports provided for the be leaguered city, while 25,(MM) struggling people were massed upon the docks and terminals attempting to find places on the refugee ships. A Ger man, Taube flow over the harbor and struck terror to those bellow, many of whom had come here from Ant werp and who feared the aeroplane might drop bombs on the docks and the great glass shed which covers the Joint terminals of the railroads and steamers. 'I'lie Belgian soldiers guarding tn^ docks opened fire on tiie aeroplane and the fusillade lasted ten minutes. This created still greater consterna tion among the thousands of women and children, many of whom had sat for three days on the cement floor of the great terminal sheds, their nerves at the breaking .point. Escape is cut off from all sides by land, and thousands were still gath ered miserably on the docks iwhen the last relief ship left late today. No steamers leave Ostend at night lie cause of the danger from mines. Still the crowds remained on the piers awaiting the dawn and more ships. Even the refugees who managed to find deck space ou the crowded trans ports were not relieved of the terrible strain under which they have been laboring, for the watchful Tauble flew over the steamers, observing their movements as they sailed out of the harbor. The aeroplane did not drop bombs, however, hs one had on previous days when civil and military hospitals were so narrowly missed by exploding shells. laist night was a nightmare to resi dents of Ostend and the thousands of refugees fleeing before the German invasion. Wounded soldiers were brought here by the score from Ghent, it is reported that they were engaged Monday near Ghent in a seri ous battle. The allies are said to have I teen obliged to withdraw toward the west. Consequently there is v'r tuallv no obstacle to the German ad vance on Ostend. Most of the business houses in Os tend closed yesterday and profes sional men, merchants and hotel keepers joined the throng that dared not leave the water front for fear of loBing places in the over-growing line of men, women and children clamor ing for a chance to escape. All taxicabs and cal) horses in Ob tend were taken by the army long ago so there was little mans of transpor tation. The tram cars were cominan dered by the hospitals and civilians had little chance to ride. The hotels near the quay, which remained ^pen were crowded with refugees who had money and who begged for the oppor tunity to rent even a chair. Thursday night brought insistent reports that the Germans would enter Ostend Wednesday at dawn, with the result that few slept. At daybreak every street in 03tend was alive with Belgians making their w-ay to the •water front. Hundreds of fishermen tcok their families and friends away in their small boats, which sailed out ot the shipp'ng basin in a steady stream loaded down with frightened women and children carrying their personal effects wrapped in table cloths and blankets. Failure of the Germans to arrive at daybreak afforded only a slight reMef to the anxious crowds. Humors were current that German cavalry was les than twenty miles away and the ap pearance of the Taube in die sky was taken as an indication that the Ger mans were perfecting their plan for entering the city. Practical!) no government of any sort remains at Ostend; the departure of King Albert and military head quarters left only the civil guard and lol icemen. They are attempting to preserve order, but there is lank of direction, as the burgomaster, head of the municipal government, also lias left. The crowds mass about the gang ways off the vessels, making the work of embarking the refugees more difficult. Women and children are trampled in the stampede, as well as animals. Women and Children First. "Women and children first’’ is the announcement the ship officers mole in Felmlwh and French as the gang ways are lowered. This rule lias been enforced for several days, bit with the greatest effort, women cling to their husbands and other male relatives, defiantly blocking the gang ways. All attempts to persuade the refugees to drop their bundles and hasten aboard the boats are unavail ing. "it is all we have left," was the reply of an aged and infirm woman .staggering under heavy luggage. Osteixl today is amazingly tinliko the gay AtlanticCity of'Belgium which formerly attracted most of t.lie fash ionahle pleasure seekers of the world. The shutters are closed on the great hotels fating the splendid bathing beach. Rich and poor alike, residents of O at end and refugees of all classes from the interior of Belgium, are hutl died together. For days the food of women and children has been bread and coffee provided By committees which are at tempting to keep down the hunger of the people in spite of the fact that all ordinary activities have been sus pended. Now even bread is becoming very scarce. The relief boats to Folk estone are so crowded and hurried that they have little time to consider the question of meals and frequently they are unable to offer even a cold lunch to the refugees crowded into every available inch of deck sp ice. Aid Wounded Soldiers. Marked attention is shown the •wounded soldiers by the refugees, who gather a Iks it the litters on the docks and on shipboard, offering cigarettes, chocolate and any delicacy •which the almost empty lunch baskets afford. The Belgian, English and French soldiers alike have endured such hardships during the recent campaign that the uniforms of the wounded soldiers are in tatters. A Red Cross surgeon said the entire Belgian army should have six weeks' respite to recover from the shock of Its constant 'jervlce under unprece dented hardships The American consul, Henry John son. has the affairs of the allies under his care and is on the docks day and night assisting his charges. Americans are not numerous at Os tend but a few have been coming in daily from Antwerp. Ghent and Bru ges. Tbe British consul left Ostein) several days ago, the consuls repre. seating the other allies accompanying them. Rains Intensify Suffering. Rains last night and today intensi fied the suffering of the crowds which were shoved to the very edge of the pier where they remained without selter in the hope of catching the next boat. Several persons were pushed off the docks by the surging mass, tint all were rescued. A dense fog last, night cast further gloom over the dimly lighted piers lined with refugees trying to sleep. The fog guns were kept firing to warn fishing boats off the reefs. Rvery report startled the fugitives who were ready to believe that the expect el raid of the Germans had begun. A K*od Gross doctor, provided witii a motor ambulance and assisted by boy scouts, has been working without ces sution on the docks caring for the sick and exhausted. Constant call# are made for attendance upon women who faint through sheer exhaustion or fright. Frequently hysteria seizes women and at once spreads. es; e dally among the older women, who believe that the arrival of the Ger mans would mean the end of them selves and their families. Among the wounded iielgians were a number of good singers, who re lieved the strain of the situation on Tuesday night with folk songs in which a great chorus joined. One young chap whose knee was badly wounded in a recent engagement proved an excellent yodler am! amused the sleepless crowd which gathered near hi3 litter. Official Report Brief. Petrograd. Oct. 14.—'The following official communication from the gen eral staff,was issued tonight,: ‘On the left bank of the Vistula along the roads leading from Warsaw to Ivangorod our troops on October 13 successfully pressed back the Get nan forces. One of our regiments cap tured two (?erman conviianies. "Fighting continues to the south Of Przemysl. "There are no Important changes in other fronts.” ALLIES’ MOVE KEPI SECRET PRESENT POSITION OP ALLIE J ARMY IN FRANCE IS UNKNOWN TO THE WORLD. THINK JUNCTION IS F0KMEII Ely Forces in France and Belgium ar.-i the Predicted Final Stroke Hinted at by London Office May Be the Next Feature. Paris, Oct. 15. 12:01 a. m. The exact positions of tho bulk of the allied armies are being kept strictly secret. Inn it is believed that ties forces in France and Belgium have joined since tip' fall or Antwerp. The German cavalry around Haze brouck, France, which masked a movement of the infantry, suffered a rude check from the allies before tha battle at Times, because tile Germans were unable to operate freeiy >u masses, owing to the nature of the mound. They were virtually at the incr< > of the allied infantry and ar tillery. I ively street fighting occurred In HazebromW, on which place the Ger mans had made a daring raid. At Arras the town hat: was burned dur. lag a Lioinlmindnie.nL The section where encounters are’ most severe has changed suddenly from Koye ro i.asslgny, where the Germans tried to make a breach tlirough the allied liens. The battle, however, still is progressing about fltoyi which has been taken and re taken at least twelve times. Attempt on PoincCme’s Life. London, Oct. 15.—2.40 a. m.—The Paris correspondent or the Rx-changa Telegram Company in a dispatch dated Wednesday, sajs: "Now tliut tile headquarters of the French staff has been changed, it lias become possible to announce that when President Poincaire visited Gen eral Joffre last -week at Itoinllly-Sur* Seine, a German aviator dropped a bomb into the town, doing no damage. i lie news of the approaching visit of President Poincaire had been com municated to the enemy by a spy. One of their best pilots was sent out with a bomb which he was ordered t > drop on the quarters occupied- by tbJf president and General Joffre. A -French aviator named Framnz imme diately pursued and brought down the raider. Framnz was rewarded by \!. Poincaire, who pinned the cross of the Legion of Honor on the aviator';, tunic.” No Change at Front. Parts, Oot. 14.—11:09 p. in.—Ti e official communication issued toni-ht by the war office gays: “The reporta received ton igh ‘, which are in very general terms, indi cate no iimportant modification in toe situation.” English Gain Advantage. London, Oct. 14.-10:05 p. in.—'The official press bureau tonight issued the following statement: “Brltlali troops have been engaged with the enemy towards the left yf the allied line (in France) with the e suit that the Germans have b; an pressed back slightly on their flank. “The nature of the country In which the fighting has been conducted being a mining center, makes rapid progress difficult.” Non-Combatants Leaving. New York, Oct. 14.—The East and West News Bureau tonight gave out a cable message from Toklo dated Oc tober 14, as follows: "Acting upon the message sent by the Japanese emperor to save the non. belligerents from danger arising from slagfe operations, the German and Jap anese envoys met on October 13. Aa the result of their negotiations the American consul, with a number of women and children of German na tionality. are to leave Tsing Tan ou October 15 and be sent to Oh!nan?Fu Ion the Shan Tung railway, now' under the control of the Japanese army. “Tha Japan peace society gave on October 13 a dinner at the Ntpon Club, Toklo. in honor of Mr. Allen, president of the California peace so ciety. It was attended by many prominent men and a toast was pro posed amid cheers to the friendly na tions on both shores of the Pacific.” Spanish Parliament Called. Madrid, via Paris, Oot. 14.—10:06 p. m.—iA Koyal decree Issued today fixes October 30 as the date for the opening ot the Spanish parliament.