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MEET THE HIGH WEATHER
COST OF LIVING FORECAST One way to meet the high coat of | living la to spend more time studying the advertisements In your morning WASHINGTON NOV 25—FORE aewspaper. In that way you will learm wnere to spend your money aag get CAST FOR ARKANSAS: FAIR the best yo.slt.1. ratue. THURSDAY AND FRIDAY. VOLUME XXXII. HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 26, 1914. NUMBER 234. VICTORY FOR SLAV CERTAIN GRAND DUKE NICHOLAS ORDERS TRAINS FOR 50,000 WOUNDED AND PRISONERS. GERMAN RETREAT GENERAL Von Hindenberg's Army Retracing Steps So Rapidly That Munitions and Stores Are Abandoned—Army Nearly Surrounded. iPetrograd, via fLondon, Nov. 25.— &: 1 5 p. m.—Reports reaching here concerning the magnitude of the de feat of the Germans io the west of Lodz. Russian-Poland, which in some instances place the German losses as high as an entire army corps, appear in a measure to be confirmed by tele graphic dispatches from Warsaw, forty eight trains have been despatch ed from Warsaw to bring in the pris oners and wounded. This number ot trains, made up ol the maximum num ber of cars of the Russian wide guage would carry between 45,000 and 50, OOo men , is estimated here. Mi itary men here express the opin ion that the reported defeat was par tially due to the failure of the col umn of Germans from Wieln to defeat the Russians sent against it. Bad roads delayed the German column, it is rteported, enabling the Russians to concentrate a sufficient torce to repulse it and turn the flanks of ihe main German column. There is great jubilation in army circles In re, officers expressing the conviction that the enemy lias receiv ed a crushing b ow which is likely to prove decisive in the campaign in Poland. Petrograd, Nov. 25.—The following official communication from the Rus sian general staff was given out he e tonight: "The fighting near Lodz continues. Hhe large German forces, which on •November 20 broke into the region of iStrykow, Brzeziny. Koluszki, Rzow land Tuszyn (all tihese places are in the vicinity of Lodz), are pressed o.i every side by our troops and are now Attempting by a supreme effort to cut through toward the north. • To the south of Koluszki station teome scattered units are rosining iilwiiit. We captured prisoners, tom ■ heavy ordnance and field guns. "The outcome of the battle of No vember 24 was to our advantage •■in the fighting near Czenstochowa und Crac-ow our troops manlfcst’y have Hhe upper hand. “Beyond the Carpathian passes we pre surrounding large bodies of Aus trian troops in the vicinity of Mezola iborez. In this region we captured a general, 40 officers, more than 2,504) soldiers and convoys and machine guns. Near the pass giving access to the Hungarian plain we occupy tne city of Honrona." Turks in Rapid Retreat. Petrograd, Nov. 25. That the Turk, jsb forces still are retreating before the Russians in the region around lErzerum is asserted in the following statement from the general 'staff of the Russian army in the Caucasus | made ipulblic here tonight: • In llhe direction of Erzerimi out troops continue to chase before them the hulk of tlie Turkish forces they have defeated. We are capturing S many prisoners and much atmnuni 1 tion and stores. “The roads along which the Turks are retreating are strewn with the frozen bodies of tliieir dead “Prisoners taken are unanimous in declaring that the defeated army is making haste with a view to seeking shelter behind the forts at Erz.erum and Deveboyun. “The situation elsewhere remains i unchanged.” German Retreat General. Petrograd, Nov. 25.—On (the entire section of the Vistula and W'arta rivers the Germans have begin a re treat according to repotts received here from the front. At some poin.s j. it is said the backward movement re sembles a rout, artillery, ammunition and commissary stores being left on the field. One detachment of Germain in the fighting before I.ad/.. which repot,h arriving itere. assort was cut to | i?ces by the Russians, is said to Ihave tiemi till tlie point of executing a coup, ills - I gui iil as Russians It is alleged I that they wore the round fur peaked caps which form part of the Cauca sian regiments' uniform. Kaiser Witnesses Defeat. Jxmdon, Nov. 2fi.—2: .">2 a. m. Tlie I inperor of Germany last week ki. (tiessed in East Prussia from a hill ((■ailed Obernlngena the German doA (tat at the hands of tlie Russians,” (says the Copenhagen correspondent < • jhe Daily Mail. ‘The emperor took nn abrupt leave of the conimander-in >hief, asking (him to convey hi> greetings to tlie troops.” - i Captured Kaiser's Carriage. Petrograd. via London, N'ov. 25. II p. m.—The Army Messenger as serts that among the trophies taken Jiy tilie Russians at Czentochowa was Emperor William’s carriage, which contained one of the emperor's coats. Dealing with the fighting noilh of Lodz, the Army Messenger slays: 'The Germans are making attack after attack in an attempt to break tlie Russian forces hut without sue c<4ss. The Austro-German army is staking all on this battle.” Tlie newspaper adds tfliat on the Galician front the Russian offensive is becoming more energetic and is reducing tlie enemy to a stale of iin ipotenee. Austria® War Loan. Washington. Nov. 25. ^Subscription^ to the Austro-Hungarian war loan ^ have reached the total of four hun- i dred and sixty million dollars, accord ing to foreign office dispatches to the embassy here today, and tlie minister of finance, satisfiixl with this proof of tlie resources of the dual monarchy, (lias agreed to the continuation of the subscription. The dispatch, which duplicates war office communications cabled fn Vienna, says in addition: “The subscription to the war loan', today reached about one and one-half (billion crowns in Austria and over eight million in Hungary. The ftiinir ter of finance lias agreed to the con tinuation of the subscription, the re suit of willioh proves ttti-e resources of^ the monarchy.” Cholera at Antwerp. Condon, Nov. 25.—7:05 p. rn.— Cholera is reported to have broken out in Antiwenp, according to a dis patch from Rotterdam to the Evening Star. Only a few cases so far have been reported and the most energetic measures are being taken by the sani tary authorities. •-o HOUSE OF COMMONS OBJECT TO ANNUITIES MEMBERS WANT ANNUAL PAY MENTS OF GERMAN ROYALTY CUT OFF ENGLAND'S LIST. London, Nov. 2.1.—10:42 p in.—The question whether big annuities were being paid to certain relatives of the reigning royal family when members of their families were fighting for Herman) against Great Britain waa ra^ed in the house of commons today by William Young, member of parlia ment for Perthshire. Mr. Young asked Premier Asquith w hether ha was aware that Priuc ‘ Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. son ot Princess Christian of Schleswig-Hol stein, a daughter of the late Queen Victoria and aunt ot King George, was engaged as a combatant with the German army; whether the prince was in tihis country at the outbreak of the war amt whether any effort had been made to detain him. Mr. Asquith replied curtly tiiat he had been informed that Prince Al bert “was serving In a military cm , acity in Germany," but that he had •no knowledge when .he left England. (Mr. Young then suggested that th® status of the prince's family, who he said evidently were German citizens, should he inquired into. He asked the premier whether lie considered it “just and expedient that the British taxpayers should lie called upon to give $.10,000 per annum for the upkeep of this family.” To this Mr. Asquith made no reply. The propriety of continuing a simi lar pension to the Duchess of Albany, (.vi(low of a son of Queen Victoria, (Whose son, the Duke of Saxe-iCoburg i'tid Gotha, is fighting tor Germany, ■also lias been questioned. WEALTHY MAN KILLED . Philadqli nia. Nov. 21.—Morris G. Condon, a wealthy manufacturer, was shot and probobly fatally wounded to night in his apartments at a hotel here, by an unidentified young man who nail been refused a large sum of money, Condon’s assailant then sent a bullet through his own brain, dying instantly Condon and hL wife were convers ing when the yong man entered tueir room and demanded money, upon hir ing refused the Intruder immediately opened fire. CARRANZA IS AT VERA CRUZ WILL DIRECT HIS CAMPAIGN FOR RECOVERY OF THE CAPITAL FROM THAT POINT. ZAPATA IN MEXICO CITY Zapata Occupies Mexico City, Blanco Having Evacuated, and Villa's Cav airy is Expected to Arrive at the Capital Soon. Vera Cruz, Nov. U.j.—General V. iCurranza will direct from Vera Cruz his campaign ,for the recovery of the national capital. It is expected that General Carranza will arrive here be fore the end of tlhe week, probably iFriday. A triumphal arch has been, erected in the center of the city and General Aguilar's men are preparing to make his entry one long to be re* in e inhered. The headquarters of General Car ranza will be the lighthouse building, which was occupied by tlhe Twenty* eighth 1'nfted States infantry when tlie Americans were here. Virtually all the places that were occupied by the Americans have been taken over by their successors, in cluding the positions along the oiu post lines. General Aguilar's head quarters is the government stamp office. Order continues to prevail in the city despite the tact that the saloons are open. The soldiers have not been paid off lately and the drinking p ace* have been patronized only moder ately. Resumption of work in the various ■.government offices is getting under way slowly The custom house is ex pected to be in full operation tomor row, as also is the public heal'th de partment. Thus far it lias been Im possible for the health deimrtment to do much work. In many parts of thf> city the garbage cans which were minced in the streets before the Aemr teans left have not vet been removed. There has as yet been no forced loan. The Spanish merchants are reported as saying they will be wii ling to contribute to such a loan if the present good order continues. There are now in the city some five or six thousand troops. V. tV. Canada, the American con sul, today made a formal call on Isidro Fabela. foreign minister in tlhe cabinet of General 'Garran/a. El Imso, Texas, Nov. 25.—General Zapata personally has entered Mexico city and has denounced t’he Annas C'alientes convention, according to a message from the capital given out today by the Carranza agents here It was stated also that General Blanco and his troops had reached Oriztl>a, midway between the capita! and Vera Cruz. The Carranza partisans were jubi lant. asserting that Zapata and Villa would not agree and that the Villa convention party ami troops soon would be quelled by the Carranza forces. The Villa agents professe 1 disbelief of the reports from Wash ington and Mexico City that there had been disorders in the capital, or even that Zapata forces had enter d. The Villa forces had relied largely upon the allegiance of Blanco to the < onvention. Juarez officials conferred hy tela grailIh with General Villa, who was at Tula, tw'o hours by train or automo bile from Mexico City. Villa was quoted as having said that he had re ceived no word of disorders at iMexicu City nor of the change of government. 'He said there was no telegraph oper ating south of his position. He dir credited the report, however. He said Eellcltas Villareal, a convention caibiuet monitor, had arrived at Tula yesterday witih the report that Blanco was in perfect accord with the con vertion party. Villa Intimated that he would hasten into the capital with cavalry. It was declared that the t arranza leaders from the beginning bad in tended to allow the Zapata guerilla forces to enter Mexico City before the Villa troops in order to demonstrate that Zapata and Villa could not main tain order Blanco did not evacuate previously, it was noin ted out. on account of bar of American intervention. The re moval of the troops from Vera Ciuz had hastened the evacuation wiill Villa's troops were held outside the capital by the destruction of the rail read by the retiring Carranza forces. Fighting at Cardenas, near Tam pico, was reported today in official advices to bo'tlli Carranza and Villa agencies here. Both sides claimed ail absolute victory. The Villa faction ists declared that Colonel Vasquez, the former federal commander of Lower California, ha'l turned over that territory to the convention side. Washington, Nov. 2f>. Officials of the t lilted States government were, without definite information tonight as to what had happened in Mexico ■City within the last 24 (hours. Ba ilors of disorders and rioting ^gre uti confirmed and there had been noth ing to indicate which military force, if any. controlled the situation in the (Mexican capital. I’ncertain communication over has tily repaired wires between Vera Cruz and Mexico City and between Juarez ad points south delayed official me r saces. The last two dispatches received )>> tlie state department were dated !' a, m. and 2 p. in. yesterday. In the first it was stated that General l.ucio HIanco had left at 2 a. tn. with all available rolling stock. In the sec ond the American government Was informed that Blanco could not he found, although he was reported to he still in the city, hut that Siis troops were leaving the capital, looting to some extent as they went. The tele gram also said it was believed the Zapata forces had reached an under standing with the convention troops whereby the former were not to enter the city until Villa arrived. Uncer tainty prevailed as to whetlher the arrangement would he carried out. The Brazilian minister has received assurances from the Zapata leaders that order will he preserved and that foreigners will not be molested. Enrique Elorente. Washington r^ resentative of Provisional President 'Gutierrez, gave out a telegram to night dated Tula, near Mexico City, saying that General Villa stated most positively that lie would enter the Mexican capital tomorrow or Friday. —-- Q THANK AMERICANS. Washington, Nov. 2a.— Warm appre ciation by destitute Belgians in Hol land of assistance given them by the American Red Cross is expressed in a letter made public tonig.it from Minister Van Dyke, who lias just ar rived from The Hague, his letter travelling by the same steamer. It likens the Belgians to fugitives from a great forest fire, terror stricken and helplesss who poured across the bor der into Holland seeking asylum. "i can assure you that the need of tile unfortunate Belgians who still re main in Holland is great," the letter says, "although the Dutch people are doing everything that is possible to take care of them.’’ -o ELECTION FRAUD INDICTMENT. Law tun, OMiH., Nov. 25.- An indict ine.it against R. B. Compton, clerk of the district court here, was returned today by a special grand jury called to investigate alleged irregularities i< the primary election August 4. Compton put up bond for his ap pea ranee. BRITISH NAVY HAS LOST TOTAL OF 4,328 .THE LIST INCLUDES KILLED, WOUNDED, MISSING AND IN TERNED OF ALL CLASSES. London, Nov. 25.-9:20 p. in.—Thus far "during tiie war the royal navy has lost 4,327 officers and men killed an 1 17:! wounded, while 90S men are miss ing and 1,577) are captives or have ibeen interned. Tlhese figures are contained in a statement issued tonight by the ad miralty and include in addition t" ^aval men, the marines of the roya1 naval division. The casualties and the number of men captured or in terned are given as follows: Officers killed. 220; wounded, 57: prisoners, 5; interned, 46. 'Men killed, 4,lo7; wounded, l !fl; missing. 96S; interned, 1.524. A great majority of those reported .killed were drowned, 1,71s losing their lives in tills manner when ttie rruis • rs Pathfinder. Atoouklr. Cressy and Hogue were sent to the bottom by •German submarines, while tilie found ering of the Monmouth End Ooudhope afetr the action with the German squadron off the coast of Chile was responsible for the loss of 1.654 offi cers and men beneath the waves. The operations of the royal navy division at Antwerp are accountable for nearly all ttliose reported interned <ir missing Most ot the missing are laid by the admiral! \ statement to be prisoners of war III Germany UNCERTAINTY IN WAR NEWS EXACT STATUS r F SITUATION IN POLAND IS STILL A MYSTERY TO THE PUBLIC. I — I GERMANY STILE HOPEFUL That Russian Offensive Has Been Checked But Russian Leader is Si lent and the Cossacks Have Again Invaded Hungary From North. London, Nov. 25.— ■!>: 40 —'While the Russian army headquarters re main silent and tile Germans claim to have cheeked attempts on the part of the Russians to take the offensive, tin military patty in Petrograd lias shown its full confidence in the unof ficial reports fo a Russian victor \ i i i.cithern Potunu by celebrating tt.is event. it is even said in the Russian capi tal tlhat the victory was greater than lisul been reported previously, and there is (alk in Petrograd of an en tire German army corps having been broken up. Reports received there say ‘that trains have been ordered Iwhicli will accommodate 50,000 pris oners and wounded. Heretofore (Grand 'Duke Nicholas, commander-in* chief of the Rmssian forces, lias with held diis reports until the work he has set about to do had been completed, so that the world may lnave to wait for some days yet for ills official statement. In lOast. Prussia and before Cracow, Galicia, tiie Germans also claim to have brought the Russian advance to a stop. The other side is yet to be heard from in regard to tills st.iti ment. Rrolwbly title most significant pie-e of news regarding the Russian opera tions conies from Huriapest, where ‘t is admitted that the Russian troops again have invaded Hungary and have reached Hie county of I'ng, which * about 35 miles south of the Carpa thians. and tiie county of Zeinplin, 5't miles to the south of those moun tains. The troops which invaded I'npf, according to this report, have been driven back to tiie frontier while ac tion Is being taken against those in y.emplin. I Except to the northwest of Verdun, I where the Germans made an attach, ’were repulsed and asked for an arm istice. which was refused, tihe fighting in the western theater still consists to a large extent of artillery duels. There Is evidence, however, that the Germans contemplate another des perate effort to get through to the French coast ports. Every report from Belgium‘by wu» of Holland shows tilt at the Germans are bringing up reinforcements and guns, but so closely is the secret Igtiarded that there is no indication as to where the blow is to lie delivered, ilt will doubtless be a heavy one lacked'by all tbe men, guns and other machinery of war of which the Ger mans seem to have sudh unlimited supplies. The allies have made every prepa ration to meet this assault. At me same time preparations have been completed for the defense of the <a t coast of England, for the opinion still holds here that if the Germans tail in their latest plans, they will at tempt a raid on England with war ships and transports. Britain's Censorship, Ixi.idon, Nov. 25.—10:55 |i m.—tnir lug a discussion in the ohuse of com mons tonight relative to the censor ship. Sir Stanley Buck master, director of tttie officia' press bureau of the iwar office, said the censorship should have no concern with politics and should not in any circumstances be used for coloring opinion in favor of the government. If that were done, he said, the government would abuse the confidence of the nation and bo guilvt of a very base action. Ti n government accepted amend ments to the defense of tihe realm bill, defining the powers of the .gov ernment with regard to action that could be taken in matters relating to the publication of news. More Victoria Crosses. l-ondon. Nov. 25.—II p m.—Eight Victoria Crosses have been awarded .for eoUNpicuoiis service in battle l.i France. Five ot these were given pri vates hltd three officers. Three ui.-u won tlii'ir decoration at the battle of be t’naleatt, one at Motts and the otli its in later battles. Altogether eighteen Victoria cross es, the most coveted of all British decorations for valor, have been awarded since the beginning of the war. Clothing For Armies. Milwaukee, \\ is . Nov. po. -dtrpons from Hite knitting mills of Wisconsin gathered by a local newspaper today flhowed that the establishments were working on orders for HtS.uoo dozen pairs of woolen socks and 400,000 sweaters given them by representa tives of the British and French gov ernments. All of the orders were of tile "rush" variety and most of the mills are running day and night. Prices averaged about a dozen for tilie socks and $2.00 each for the sweaters. In addition it was learned by the canvass that a but'rosso concern bad refused aa order for itoo.Ono sheep skin emits tendered by the French government, back of material caused (lie declination One Racine factory said il had been forced to refuse i on tracts for woolen goods for Kuropean armies because it was working to ca pacity on domestic orders. More Iron Crosses. Heflin, Nov. 25, via Tlie Hague to London. Nov. 25.—Kmperor William li’ws conferred lllii' iron cross of the first and second class on Archduke iOharles Francis of Austria, command crin-chief of (lie Austrian army and heir apparent to tlie Austro-Hunga rian throne for the part lie had taken in tlie military operations. Pav Labor With Food. Now York, Nov. 25. --John II Ktorek, representative of an American importer witih a factory at Val S’. I*aHubert, Belgium, today discussed with the relief commission the advis ability of paying his employes in food instead of money. He lias been ah o to communicate with the plant, only twice since tlie war opened, lie said his firm owed 5.000 employes about $20,000 and was ready to pay this amount in cash hut. he thought tlie workmen would prefer supplies. The commission informed Mr. Niorck til eat it could not undertake to forward food supplies in separate lots. From a writer who recently re turned from Belgium, Slorok learned that it probably would lie possible to ship food to the workmen via Liege -—o-__ ALLIES CENT APPEAL TO UNITED STATES ENGLAND AND FRANCE MADE NO REQUEST CONCERNING ECUA DOR AND COLUMBIA. Washington, Nov. 25. Tne state meat in the house of commons today by t buries Bcbertn, under secretary of foreign affairs that Great Britain *ntd France had appealed to United -States to exercise its good offices with JOquador and Columbia to obtain a strict observance of neutrality bjf them was regarded by botn Secretary Bryan and Sir Cecil Spring-Bice, the Britisli ambassador who read the de spatches as merely a review of early developements in the case. Details of the two seirerate notes from Great Britain and ranee on this subject were made public here a fori night ago and since then according to officials ol the Columbian legation both Great Britain and France lmvo been satisfied of the sincerely of Col ombia in observing neutrality. .so reply was ever made by the I lifted States to the two notes wnich intimated that the United States might exercise its good offices In the question. President Wilson told inquirers at the time that the United States did not consider it any obligation or duty to secure tne enforcement of neutral ity in Soutli America. --o THANKSGIVING ABROAD. Paris, 'Nov. 25.-11:11 p. m —Sixty prominent Americans in Paris gather ed tonight for an informal Thanks giving dinner. Altnough robbed of much of its usual vivacity by the pre vailing conditions in Kurope, the function was one of extreme senti ment as regards Myron T. lierrick, the American ambassador, who soon will return to the United States. Lawrence V. Bi-net, of the Ameri can elui), and T. Piexoto or tne Amer ican chamber of commerce, expressed In speeches the warmest appreciation of the srvlce of Mr. Herrick. FIRE DESTROYS OISTILLERY. Helena. Ark., Nov. 25. Fire here tonight destroyed tne building occu pied by the Central Distilling Com pany and damaged several other buildings. The loss Is estimated at 1150,000. I • JflFFRE THE HEADQUARTERS OF FRENCH COMMANDER IN-CHIEF KNOWN . ONLY TO CHOSEN FEW. LOCATED IN SCHOOLHOUSE Allied Leader is in Constant Com munication With Commanders of the Six French, English and Bel gian Armies in Field. General .foffre's Headquarters, Nov. 7. -The nerve center that moves more than two million men is in a village schol house 7h miies beiiind iihe firing lint's. The rare observer who is permitted to learn of its whereabouts and approaches it finds an absolute contrast between the tranquillity hole and the intense ac lion near the trenches. No cannon, machine gun or rifle fire can he heard here. Tlie commander-in-chief co-ordi nates his information and arrives at tiis decisions not only far from the il. tm b un > of actual conflict, but t* the depth of the country away from tlie first and second line of reserves, file incessant movement of motor transport und the dislocation of civt* life. An air of repose surrounds th* headquarters hut life is intense here also, each day 2*4 hours of study and acts of judgment, “What young colonels you have here,” remarked tihe correspondent to a member of the staff. “They are the men of the future.” he replied. “Some of these young colonels art' al -their desks at 5 in the morning and go to their quarters in pleasant private dwellings nearby 10 at night.” General .loffre has six subordinate nerve centers in the six armies in'o whiuh the field forces we divided. The six generals commanding thes j armies, I*au, Foeh, Dalstein. Francho d’Ksperray, Castelnau, Mnnoury— each with his ge.ieral staff are con nected fry direct ttdegraph and tele phone wires with headquarters. Gen eral Joffre often talks over situations by telephone, receives suggestions and gives orders whirlh are confirmed and recorded by telegraph. He Is also in direct and trequeni communi cation with Field Marshal French and Belgian headquarters and with 'Bordeaux and Paris. A single sentinel paces in front of the e.itralice. Kwepl it few <>f Ul3 forester guards there are no soldiers in General Joffre’s village except tin men on his staff picked for their ta' ents among the linely trained officers of France. The roads of approach are watched by gendarmes and it is impossible to enter the place except by a pass from either the chief of General Joffre’s staff or thy one of the few persons in the military adminis tration uutlhortzed to gign such a pass. The headquarters of a eommandin t general used to be distinguished by the orderlies and horses in front, and bis rank could be pretty well deter mined by their number. Now it is the number of motor cars. Some fifteen or twentj long, high power runners are usually lined up in tha playground of the school house. .There is no tooting of horns. The cars come and go quietly and swiftly. The representative of the British war office, Colonel Yarde-Buller, arrives, the Russian military agent, an officer from the immediate front or a dele gate from the government, but for the most part there is little, coming an 1 going. The vast business is transacted by wire. The meaning and significanca of it all can only be determined by events remote from here. General Joffre, when he goes to the [(headquarters of one of the armies he has with him an automobile fitten rh an office. It looks inside very much like the little drawing rooms attached to steamer cabins. A writ ing desk lets down from one end. Two divans are along the sides and there are convenient devices for docketing the papers. General Joffre appears in grave, calm mood and in vigorous health. -o.. WAR INSURANCE. Washington, Nov. 25.—Insurance amounting to $13,SIti,l&S has been written on American cargoes ar.d American bottoms by the bureau of #var risks.