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The Sentinel=record. (Hot Springs, Ark.) 1900-current, November 26, 1914, Image 1

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MEET THE HIGH WEATHER
COST OF LIVING FORECAST
One way to meet the high coat of |
living la to spend more time studying
the advertisements In your morning WASHINGTON NOV 25—FORE
aewspaper. In that way you will learm
wnere to spend your money aag get CAST FOR ARKANSAS: FAIR
the best yo.slt.1. ratue. THURSDAY AND FRIDAY.
VOLUME XXXII. HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 26, 1914. NUMBER 234.
VICTORY FOR
SLAV CERTAIN
GRAND DUKE NICHOLAS ORDERS
TRAINS FOR 50,000 WOUNDED
AND PRISONERS.
GERMAN RETREAT GENERAL
Von Hindenberg's Army Retracing
Steps So Rapidly That Munitions
and Stores Are Abandoned—Army
Nearly Surrounded.
iPetrograd, via fLondon, Nov. 25.—
&: 1 5 p. m.—Reports reaching here
concerning the magnitude of the de
feat of the Germans io the west of
Lodz. Russian-Poland, which in some
instances place the German losses as
high as an entire army corps, appear
in a measure to be confirmed by tele
graphic dispatches from Warsaw,
forty eight trains have been despatch
ed from Warsaw to bring in the pris
oners and wounded. This number ot
trains, made up ol the maximum num
ber of cars of the Russian wide guage
would carry between 45,000 and 50,
OOo men , is estimated here.
Mi itary men here express the opin
ion that the reported defeat was par
tially due to the failure of the col
umn of Germans from Wieln to defeat
the Russians sent against it. Bad
roads delayed the German column,
it is rteported, enabling the Russians
to concentrate a sufficient torce to
repulse it and turn the flanks of ihe
main German column.
There is great jubilation in army
circles In re, officers expressing the
conviction that the enemy lias receiv
ed a crushing b ow which is likely to
prove decisive in the campaign in
Poland.
Petrograd, Nov. 25.—The following
official communication from the Rus
sian general staff was given out he e
tonight:
"The fighting near Lodz continues.
Hhe large German forces, which on
•November 20 broke into the region of
iStrykow, Brzeziny. Koluszki, Rzow
land Tuszyn (all tihese places are in
the vicinity of Lodz), are pressed o.i
every side by our troops and are now
Attempting by a supreme effort to cut
through toward the north.
• To the south of Koluszki station
teome scattered units are rosining
iilwiiit. We captured prisoners, tom ■
heavy ordnance and field guns.
"The outcome of the battle of No
vember 24 was to our advantage
•■in the fighting near Czenstochowa
und Crac-ow our troops manlfcst’y
have Hhe upper hand.
“Beyond the Carpathian passes we
pre surrounding large bodies of Aus
trian troops in the vicinity of Mezola
iborez. In this region we captured a
general, 40 officers, more than 2,504)
soldiers and convoys and machine
guns. Near the pass giving access to
the Hungarian plain we occupy tne
city of Honrona."
Turks in Rapid Retreat.
Petrograd, Nov. 25. That the Turk,
jsb forces still are retreating before
the Russians in the region around
lErzerum is asserted in the following
statement from the general 'staff of
the Russian army in the Caucasus
| made ipulblic here tonight:
• In llhe direction of Erzerimi out
troops continue to chase before them
the hulk of tlie Turkish forces they
have defeated. We are capturing
S many prisoners and much atmnuni
1 tion and stores.
“The roads along which the Turks
are retreating are strewn with the
frozen bodies of tliieir dead
“Prisoners taken are unanimous in
declaring that the defeated army is
making haste with a view to seeking
shelter behind the forts at Erz.erum
and Deveboyun.
“The situation elsewhere remains
i unchanged.”
German Retreat General.
Petrograd, Nov. 25.—On (the entire
section of the Vistula and W'arta
rivers the Germans have begin a re
treat according to repotts received
here from the front. At some poin.s
j. it is said the backward movement re
sembles a rout, artillery, ammunition
and commissary stores being left on
the field.
One detachment of Germain in the
fighting before I.ad/.. which repot,h
arriving itere. assort was cut to | i?ces
by the Russians, is said to Ihave tiemi
till tlie point of executing a coup, ills -
I gui iil as Russians It is alleged
I
that they wore the round fur peaked
caps which form part of the Cauca
sian regiments' uniform.
Kaiser Witnesses Defeat.
Jxmdon, Nov. 2fi.—2: .">2 a. m. Tlie
I inperor of Germany last week ki.
(tiessed in East Prussia from a hill
((■ailed Obernlngena the German doA
(tat at the hands of tlie Russians,”
(says the Copenhagen correspondent < •
jhe Daily Mail. ‘The emperor took
nn abrupt leave of the conimander-in
>hief, asking (him to convey hi>
greetings to tlie troops.”
- i
Captured Kaiser's Carriage.
Petrograd. via London, N'ov. 25.
II p. m.—The Army Messenger as
serts that among the trophies taken
Jiy tilie Russians at Czentochowa was
Emperor William’s carriage, which
contained one of the emperor's coats.
Dealing with the fighting noilh of
Lodz, the Army Messenger slays:
'The Germans are making attack
after attack in an attempt to break
tlie Russian forces hut without sue
c<4ss. The Austro-German army is
staking all on this battle.”
Tlie newspaper adds tfliat on the
Galician front the Russian offensive
is becoming more energetic and is
reducing tlie enemy to a stale of iin
ipotenee.
Austria® War Loan.
Washington. Nov. 25. ^Subscription^
to the Austro-Hungarian war loan ^
have reached the total of four hun- i
dred and sixty million dollars, accord
ing to foreign office dispatches to the
embassy here today, and tlie minister
of finance, satisfiixl with this proof of
tlie resources of the dual monarchy,
(lias agreed to the continuation of the
subscription.
The dispatch, which duplicates war
office communications cabled fn
Vienna, says in addition:
“The subscription to the war loan',
today reached about one and one-half
(billion crowns in Austria and over
eight million in Hungary. The ftiinir
ter of finance lias agreed to the con
tinuation of the subscription, the re
suit of willioh proves ttti-e resources of^
the monarchy.”
Cholera at Antwerp.
Condon, Nov. 25.—7:05 p. rn.—
Cholera is reported to have broken
out in Antiwenp, according to a dis
patch from Rotterdam to the Evening
Star. Only a few cases so far have
been reported and the most energetic
measures are being taken by the sani
tary authorities.
•-o
HOUSE OF COMMONS
OBJECT TO ANNUITIES
MEMBERS WANT ANNUAL PAY
MENTS OF GERMAN ROYALTY
CUT OFF ENGLAND'S LIST.
London, Nov. 2.1.—10:42 p in.—The
question whether big annuities were
being paid to certain relatives of the
reigning royal family when members
of their families were fighting for
Herman) against Great Britain waa
ra^ed in the house of commons today
by William Young, member of parlia
ment for Perthshire.
Mr. Young asked Premier Asquith
w hether ha was aware that Priuc ‘
Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. son ot
Princess Christian of Schleswig-Hol
stein, a daughter of the late Queen
Victoria and aunt ot King George,
was engaged as a combatant with the
German army; whether the prince
was in tihis country at the outbreak
of the war amt whether any effort
had been made to detain him.
Mr. Asquith replied curtly tiiat he
had been informed that Prince Al
bert “was serving In a military cm
, acity in Germany," but that he had
•no knowledge when .he left England.
(Mr. Young then suggested that th®
status of the prince's family, who he
said evidently were German citizens,
should he inquired into. He asked
the premier whether lie considered it
“just and expedient that the British
taxpayers should lie called upon to
give $.10,000 per annum for the upkeep
of this family.”
To this Mr. Asquith made no reply.
The propriety of continuing a simi
lar pension to the Duchess of Albany,
(.vi(low of a son of Queen Victoria,
(Whose son, the Duke of Saxe-iCoburg
i'tid Gotha, is fighting tor Germany,
■also lias been questioned.
WEALTHY MAN KILLED .
Philadqli nia. Nov. 21.—Morris G.
Condon, a wealthy manufacturer, was
shot and probobly fatally wounded to
night in his apartments at a hotel
here, by an unidentified young man
who nail been refused a large sum of
money, Condon’s assailant then
sent a bullet through his own brain,
dying instantly
Condon and hL wife were convers
ing when the yong man entered tueir
room and demanded money, upon hir
ing refused the Intruder immediately
opened fire.
CARRANZA IS
AT VERA CRUZ
WILL DIRECT HIS CAMPAIGN FOR
RECOVERY OF THE CAPITAL
FROM THAT POINT.
ZAPATA IN MEXICO CITY
Zapata Occupies Mexico City, Blanco
Having Evacuated, and Villa's Cav
airy is Expected to Arrive at the
Capital Soon.
Vera Cruz, Nov. U.j.—General V.
iCurranza will direct from Vera Cruz
his campaign ,for the recovery of the
national capital. It is expected that
General Carranza will arrive here be
fore the end of tlhe week, probably
iFriday. A triumphal arch has been,
erected in the center of the city and
General Aguilar's men are preparing
to make his entry one long to be re*
in e inhered.
The headquarters of General Car
ranza will be the lighthouse building,
which was occupied by tlhe Twenty*
eighth 1'nfted States infantry when
tlie Americans were here.
Virtually all the places that were
occupied by the Americans have been
taken over by their successors, in
cluding the positions along the oiu
post lines. General Aguilar's head
quarters is the government stamp
office.
Order continues to prevail in the
city despite the tact that the saloons
are open. The soldiers have not been
paid off lately and the drinking p ace*
have been patronized only moder
ately.
Resumption of work in the various
■.government offices is getting under
way slowly The custom house is ex
pected to be in full operation tomor
row, as also is the public heal'th de
partment. Thus far it lias been Im
possible for the health deimrtment to
do much work. In many parts of thf>
city the garbage cans which were
minced in the streets before the Aemr
teans left have not vet been removed.
There has as yet been no forced
loan. The Spanish merchants are
reported as saying they will be wii
ling to contribute to such a loan if
the present good order continues.
There are now in the city some five
or six thousand troops.
V. tV. Canada, the American con
sul, today made a formal call on
Isidro Fabela. foreign minister in
tlhe cabinet of General 'Garran/a.
El Imso, Texas, Nov. 25.—General
Zapata personally has entered Mexico
city and has denounced t’he Annas
C'alientes convention, according to a
message from the capital given out
today by the Carranza agents here
It was stated also that General
Blanco and his troops had reached
Oriztl>a, midway between the capita!
and Vera Cruz.
The Carranza partisans were jubi
lant. asserting that Zapata and Villa
would not agree and that the Villa
convention party ami troops soon
would be quelled by the Carranza
forces. The Villa agents professe 1
disbelief of the reports from Wash
ington and Mexico City that there
had been disorders in the capital, or
even that Zapata forces had enter d.
The Villa forces had relied largely
upon the allegiance of Blanco to the
< onvention.
Juarez officials conferred hy tela
grailIh with General Villa, who was at
Tula, tw'o hours by train or automo
bile from Mexico City. Villa was
quoted as having said that he had re
ceived no word of disorders at iMexicu
City nor of the change of government.
'He said there was no telegraph oper
ating south of his position. He dir
credited the report, however. He
said Eellcltas Villareal, a convention
caibiuet monitor, had arrived at Tula
yesterday witih the report that Blanco
was in perfect accord with the con
vertion party. Villa Intimated that
he would hasten into the capital with
cavalry.
It was declared that the t arranza
leaders from the beginning bad in
tended to allow the Zapata guerilla
forces to enter Mexico City before the
Villa troops in order to demonstrate
that Zapata and Villa could not main
tain order
Blanco did not evacuate previously,
it was noin ted out. on account of bar
of American intervention. The re
moval of the troops from Vera Ciuz
had hastened the evacuation wiill
Villa's troops were held outside the
capital by the destruction of the rail
read by the retiring Carranza forces.
Fighting at Cardenas, near Tam
pico, was reported today in official
advices to bo'tlli Carranza and Villa
agencies here. Both sides claimed ail
absolute victory. The Villa faction
ists declared that Colonel Vasquez,
the former federal commander of
Lower California, ha'l turned over
that territory to the convention side.
Washington, Nov. 2f>. Officials of
the t lilted States government were,
without definite information tonight
as to what had happened in Mexico
■City within the last 24 (hours. Ba
ilors of disorders and rioting ^gre uti
confirmed and there had been noth
ing to indicate which military force,
if any. controlled the situation in the
(Mexican capital.
I’ncertain communication over has
tily repaired wires between Vera Cruz
and Mexico City and between Juarez
ad points south delayed official me r
saces.
The last two dispatches received
)>> tlie state department were dated
!' a, m. and 2 p. in. yesterday. In the
first it was stated that General l.ucio
HIanco had left at 2 a. tn. with all
available rolling stock. In the sec
ond the American government Was
informed that Blanco could not he
found, although he was reported to he
still in the city, hut that Siis troops
were leaving the capital, looting to
some extent as they went. The tele
gram also said it was believed the
Zapata forces had reached an under
standing with the convention troops
whereby the former were not to enter
the city until Villa arrived. Uncer
tainty prevailed as to whetlher the
arrangement would he carried out.
The Brazilian minister has received
assurances from the Zapata leaders
that order will he preserved and that
foreigners will not be molested.
Enrique Elorente. Washington r^
resentative of Provisional President
'Gutierrez, gave out a telegram to
night dated Tula, near Mexico City,
saying that General Villa stated most
positively that lie would enter the
Mexican capital tomorrow or Friday.
—-- Q
THANK AMERICANS.
Washington, Nov. 2a.— Warm appre
ciation by destitute Belgians in Hol
land of assistance given them by the
American Red Cross is expressed in
a letter made public tonig.it from
Minister Van Dyke, who lias just ar
rived from The Hague, his letter
travelling by the same steamer. It
likens the Belgians to fugitives from
a great forest fire, terror stricken and
helplesss who poured across the bor
der into Holland seeking asylum.
"i can assure you that the need of
tile unfortunate Belgians who still re
main in Holland is great," the letter
says, "although the Dutch people are
doing everything that is possible to
take care of them.’’
-o
ELECTION FRAUD INDICTMENT.
Law tun, OMiH., Nov. 25.- An indict
ine.it against R. B. Compton, clerk of
the district court here, was returned
today by a special grand jury called
to investigate alleged irregularities i<
the primary election August 4.
Compton put up bond for his ap
pea ranee.
BRITISH NAVY HAS
LOST TOTAL OF 4,328
.THE LIST INCLUDES KILLED,
WOUNDED, MISSING AND IN
TERNED OF ALL CLASSES.
London, Nov. 25.-9:20 p. in.—Thus
far "during tiie war the royal navy has
lost 4,327 officers and men killed an 1
17:! wounded, while 90S men are miss
ing and 1,577) are captives or have
ibeen interned.
Tlhese figures are contained in a
statement issued tonight by the ad
miralty and include in addition t"
^aval men, the marines of the roya1
naval division. The casualties and
the number of men captured or in
terned are given as follows:
Officers killed. 220; wounded, 57:
prisoners, 5; interned, 46.
'Men killed, 4,lo7; wounded, l !fl;
missing. 96S; interned, 1.524.
A great majority of those reported
.killed were drowned, 1,71s losing their
lives in tills manner when ttie rruis
• rs Pathfinder. Atoouklr. Cressy and
Hogue were sent to the bottom by
•German submarines, while tilie found
ering of the Monmouth End Ooudhope
afetr the action with the German
squadron off the coast of Chile was
responsible for the loss of 1.654 offi
cers and men beneath the waves.
The operations of the royal navy
division at Antwerp are accountable
for nearly all ttliose reported interned
<ir missing Most ot the missing are
laid by the admiral! \ statement to be
prisoners of war III Germany
UNCERTAINTY
IN WAR NEWS
EXACT STATUS r F SITUATION IN
POLAND IS STILL A MYSTERY
TO THE PUBLIC.
I

I
GERMANY STILE HOPEFUL
That Russian Offensive Has Been
Checked But Russian Leader is Si
lent and the Cossacks Have Again
Invaded Hungary From North.
London, Nov. 25.— ■!>: 40 —'While
the Russian army headquarters re
main silent and tile Germans claim
to have cheeked attempts on the part
of the Russians to take the offensive,
tin military patty in Petrograd lias
shown its full confidence in the unof
ficial reports fo a Russian victor \ i i
i.cithern Potunu by celebrating tt.is
event.
it is even said in the Russian capi
tal tlhat the victory was greater than
lisul been reported previously, and
there is (alk in Petrograd of an en
tire German army corps having been
broken up. Reports received there
say ‘that trains have been ordered
Iwhicli will accommodate 50,000 pris
oners and wounded. Heretofore
(Grand 'Duke Nicholas, commander-in*
chief of the Rmssian forces, lias with
held diis reports until the work he has
set about to do had been completed,
so that the world may lnave to wait
for some days yet for ills official
statement.
In lOast. Prussia and before Cracow,
Galicia, tiie Germans also claim to
have brought the Russian advance to
a stop. The other side is yet to be
heard from in regard to tills st.iti
ment.
Rrolwbly title most significant pie-e
of news regarding the Russian opera
tions conies from Huriapest, where ‘t
is admitted that the Russian troops
again have invaded Hungary and have
reached Hie county of I'ng, which *
about 35 miles south of the Carpa
thians. and tiie county of Zeinplin, 5't
miles to the south of those moun
tains. The troops which invaded I'npf,
according to this report, have been
driven back to tiie frontier while ac
tion Is being taken against those in
y.emplin.
I Except to the northwest of Verdun,
I where the Germans made an attach,
’were repulsed and asked for an arm
istice. which was refused, tihe fighting
in the western theater still consists
to a large extent of artillery duels.
There Is evidence, however, that the
Germans contemplate another des
perate effort to get through to the
French coast ports.
Every report from Belgium‘by wu»
of Holland shows tilt at the Germans
are bringing up reinforcements and
guns, but so closely is the secret
Igtiarded that there is no indication as
to where the blow is to lie delivered,
ilt will doubtless be a heavy one
lacked'by all tbe men, guns and other
machinery of war of which the Ger
mans seem to have sudh unlimited
supplies.
The allies have made every prepa
ration to meet this assault. At me
same time preparations have been
completed for the defense of the <a t
coast of England, for the opinion still
holds here that if the Germans tail
in their latest plans, they will at
tempt a raid on England with war
ships and transports.
Britain's Censorship,
Ixi.idon, Nov. 25.—10:55 |i m.—tnir
lug a discussion in the ohuse of com
mons tonight relative to the censor
ship. Sir Stanley Buck master, director
of tttie officia' press bureau of the
iwar office, said the censorship should
have no concern with politics and
should not in any circumstances be
used for coloring opinion in favor of
the government. If that were done,
he said, the government would abuse
the confidence of the nation and bo
guilvt of a very base action.
Ti n government accepted amend
ments to the defense of tihe realm
bill, defining the powers of the .gov
ernment with regard to action that
could be taken in matters relating to
the publication of news.
More Victoria Crosses.
l-ondon. Nov. 25.—II p m.—Eight
Victoria Crosses have been awarded
.for eoUNpicuoiis service in battle l.i
France. Five ot these were given pri
vates hltd three officers. Three ui.-u
won tlii'ir decoration at the battle of
be t’naleatt, one at Motts and the otli
its in later battles.
Altogether eighteen Victoria cross
es, the most coveted of all British
decorations for valor, have been
awarded since the beginning of the
war.
Clothing For Armies.
Milwaukee, \\ is . Nov. po. -dtrpons
from Hite knitting mills of Wisconsin
gathered by a local newspaper today
flhowed that the establishments were
working on orders for HtS.uoo dozen
pairs of woolen socks and 400,000
sweaters given them by representa
tives of the British and French gov
ernments. All of the orders were of
tile "rush" variety and most of the
mills are running day and night.
Prices averaged about a dozen
for tilie socks and $2.00 each for the
sweaters.
In addition it was learned by the
canvass that a but'rosso concern bad
refused aa order for itoo.Ono sheep
skin emits tendered by the French
government, back of material caused
(lie declination One Racine factory
said il had been forced to refuse i on
tracts for woolen goods for Kuropean
armies because it was working to ca
pacity on domestic orders.
More Iron Crosses.
Heflin, Nov. 25, via Tlie Hague to
London. Nov. 25.—Kmperor William
li’ws conferred lllii' iron cross of the
first and second class on Archduke
iOharles Francis of Austria, command
crin-chief of (lie Austrian army and
heir apparent to tlie Austro-Hunga
rian throne for the part lie had taken
in tlie military operations.
Pav Labor With Food.
Now York, Nov. 25. --John II
Ktorek, representative of an American
importer witih a factory at Val S’.
I*aHubert, Belgium, today discussed
with the relief commission the advis
ability of paying his employes in food
instead of money. He lias been ah o
to communicate with the plant, only
twice since tlie war opened, lie said
his firm owed 5.000 employes about
$20,000 and was ready to pay this
amount in cash hut. he thought tlie
workmen would prefer supplies.
The commission informed Mr.
Niorck til eat it could not undertake to
forward food supplies in separate
lots. From a writer who recently re
turned from Belgium, Slorok learned
that it probably would lie possible to
ship food to the workmen via Liege
-—o-__
ALLIES CENT APPEAL
TO UNITED STATES
ENGLAND AND FRANCE MADE NO
REQUEST CONCERNING ECUA
DOR AND COLUMBIA.
Washington, Nov. 25. Tne state
meat in the house of commons today
by t buries Bcbertn, under secretary
of foreign affairs that Great Britain
*ntd France had appealed to United
-States to exercise its good offices
with JOquador and Columbia to obtain
a strict observance of neutrality bjf
them was regarded by botn Secretary
Bryan and Sir Cecil Spring-Bice, the
Britisli ambassador who read the de
spatches as merely a review of early
developements in the case.
Details of the two seirerate notes
from Great Britain and ranee on this
subject were made public here a fori
night ago and since then according
to officials ol the Columbian legation
both Great Britain and France lmvo
been satisfied of the sincerely of Col
ombia in observing neutrality.
.so reply was ever made by the
I lifted States to the two notes wnich
intimated that the United States
might exercise its good offices In the
question.
President Wilson told inquirers at
the time that the United States did
not consider it any obligation or duty
to secure tne enforcement of neutral
ity in Soutli America.
--o
THANKSGIVING ABROAD.
Paris, 'Nov. 25.-11:11 p. m —Sixty
prominent Americans in Paris gather
ed tonight for an informal Thanks
giving dinner. Altnough robbed of
much of its usual vivacity by the pre
vailing conditions in Kurope, the
function was one of extreme senti
ment as regards Myron T. lierrick,
the American ambassador, who soon
will return to the United States.
Lawrence V. Bi-net, of the Ameri
can elui), and T. Piexoto or tne Amer
ican chamber of commerce, expressed
In speeches the warmest appreciation
of the srvlce of Mr. Herrick.
FIRE DESTROYS OISTILLERY.
Helena. Ark., Nov. 25. Fire here
tonight destroyed tne building occu
pied by the Central Distilling Com
pany and damaged several other
buildings. The loss Is estimated at
1150,000. I

JflFFRE THE
HEADQUARTERS OF FRENCH
COMMANDER IN-CHIEF KNOWN .
ONLY TO CHOSEN FEW.
LOCATED IN SCHOOLHOUSE
Allied Leader is in Constant Com
munication With Commanders of
the Six French, English and Bel
gian Armies in Field.
General .foffre's Headquarters,
Nov. 7. -The nerve center that moves
more than two million men is in a
village schol house 7h miies beiiind
iihe firing lint's. The rare observer
who is permitted to learn of its
whereabouts and approaches it finds
an absolute contrast between the
tranquillity hole and the intense ac
lion near the trenches. No cannon,
machine gun or rifle fire can he
heard here.
Tlie commander-in-chief co-ordi
nates his information and arrives at
tiis decisions not only far from the
il. tm b un > of actual conflict, but t*
the depth of the country away from
tlie first and second line of reserves,
file incessant movement of motor
transport und the dislocation of civt*
life. An air of repose surrounds th*
headquarters hut life is intense here
also, each day 2*4 hours of study and
acts of judgment,
“What young colonels you have
here,” remarked tihe correspondent
to a member of the staff.
“They are the men of the future.”
he replied. “Some of these young
colonels art' al -their desks at 5 in
the morning and go to their quarters
in pleasant private dwellings nearby
10 at night.”
General .loffre has six subordinate
nerve centers in the six armies in'o
whiuh the field forces we divided.
The six generals commanding thes j
armies, I*au, Foeh, Dalstein. Francho
d’Ksperray, Castelnau, Mnnoury—
each with his ge.ieral staff are con
nected fry direct ttdegraph and tele
phone wires with headquarters. Gen
eral Joffre often talks over situations
by telephone, receives suggestions
and gives orders whirlh are confirmed
and recorded by telegraph. He Is
also in direct and trequeni communi
cation with Field Marshal French
and Belgian headquarters and with
'Bordeaux and Paris.
A single sentinel paces in front of
the e.itralice. Kwepl it few <>f Ul3
forester guards there are no soldiers
in General Joffre’s village except tin
men on his staff picked for their ta'
ents among the linely trained officers
of France. The roads of approach
are watched by gendarmes and it is
impossible to enter the place except
by a pass from either the chief of
General Joffre’s staff or thy one of the
few persons in the military adminis
tration uutlhortzed to gign such a
pass.
The headquarters of a eommandin t
general used to be distinguished by
the orderlies and horses in front, and
bis rank could be pretty well deter
mined by their number. Now it is
the number of motor cars. Some
fifteen or twentj long, high power
runners are usually lined up in tha
playground of the school house.
.There is no tooting of horns. The cars
come and go quietly and swiftly.
The representative of the British war
office, Colonel Yarde-Buller, arrives,
the Russian military agent, an officer
from the immediate front or a dele
gate from the government, but for the
most part there is little, coming an 1
going.
The vast business is transacted by
wire. The meaning and significanca
of it all can only be determined by
events remote from here.
General Joffre, when he goes to the
[(headquarters of one of the armies
he has with him an automobile fitten
rh an office. It looks inside very
much like the little drawing rooms
attached to steamer cabins. A writ
ing desk lets down from one end.
Two divans are along the sides and
there are convenient devices for
docketing the papers.
General Joffre appears in grave,
calm mood and in vigorous health.
-o..
WAR INSURANCE.
Washington, Nov. 25.—Insurance
amounting to $13,SIti,l&S has been
written on American cargoes ar.d
American bottoms by the bureau of
#var risks.

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