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All the War News WEATHER - TIio Sentinel Record prints all |li» POPPPA^iT war news up to 2:30 each morning, ' two hours later than any other news- —■ ■■ - paper reaching Hot Springs. When Washington, Jan. 2_Foreea.t for you read It in tnls paper you are . . , Arkansas: Far weather Sunday and % * THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRINGS T HAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. Monday. | VOLUME XXXII._ TEN PAGES HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1915. TEN PAGES NUMBER 267. I MUSCOVITE IN HUNGARY REAL INVASION OF AUSTRIA IS I STARTED WITH FOUR RUS SIAN ARMIES MOVING. ROUMANIA MAY (ihT IN I Attempts of Germans to Relieve the Pressure on Cracow Has Failed and Russians Are Pushing Armies Rap idly Westward. London, Jan. 2. r>:.10 p.m.—<Anoth I( r I in y men from the battleship For midable, lost in the English chan nel Friday, have reached safety alter riding out a fierce gale for upwards of 2 1 hours in an open cutter, making a total of 201 survivors out of a crew ot 7S i men. 'I lit- latest survivors landed at Lyme-ltegis on the Dorset coast late last night. All were in a state of ex haust ion after their terrible experi ence. They declare that there is little hope of any further survivors as the tremendous sea which was run Sting at the time would make it im possible for men to live long enough to bo picked uii by -passing vessels while many of those clinging to the wreckage undoubtedly were ki 1 led when the second explosion occurred The admiralty has not issued any statement in reference to Die cause of the disaster or where it occurred — The land fighting, which is sporadic in the west but more continual in the east, has brought no material change in the situation. The artillery is playing the biggest part along the western trout, although at points • hi re lias been close range lighting ,1 in •. hicli a few yards have been gain Vf ed or lost. The Germans deny the French re pot t. that they have been driven out of part of the village of Steinbach, tipper Alsace, which has been tlie scene of very sanguinary fighting for a week past, the infantry finding cover behind the houses. There have been engagements on the rivers itzura and Rawka in Po land. lint seemingly the Germans are no nearer Warsaw than they were a week ago. They hate commenced of fensive operations in the direction of Kielce. one of the larger towns of southern Poland, which doubtless lias for its object the holding up of the Russian advance through Galicia on tfracow. Another attempt on the part of the Germans to advance from Mlawa to divert the Russian threat to outflank their center by crossing the lower Vistula northwest of War saw has been checked by the Rus sians. According to I’etrograd reports the Russians continue to sweep the Aus trians westward along the southern (lalician railway toward (Jrybow and Neiisandee and out of the northern foothills of the Carpathians. The Muscovites also are credited with having organized a new cam paign against Hungary advancing in four columns across the mountains This, it is said, will not he like (ire vious raids but will he a regular in vasion. Kurt her east the Russians are marching across Kukowina not fur north of the Roumanian frontier to ward Transylvania. It is considered likely Roumanian action will he hast ened by this step On the Caucasian front, where Field .Marshal Von der Holtz is to take command, the Turks have as sumed the offensive and crossed the Russian frontier at three points. Heavy fighting is now reported to be in progress. Hi request of King iHeorge tomor row will he observed us a day of in tercession and special prayers for the success of the allies' arms will he of fered in every church and chapel of all creeds and religions in the king dom. More Formidable Survivors. London, Jan. 2.—fl:.'}<) p. m.—An otiher cutter front the British battle ship Formidable which was sunk in the 1’ngllsli channel yesterday has reached Lymedtegis. Dorsetshire, with 50 men, bringing the total of saved up to 2<>1 men. When the cutter left the Formid able slu- had 50 or more men aboard bill all but 50 succumbed to expos tire, having been in an open boat for some 2o hours in a violent storm. Albert k’dward Cooper, masier-at arnis, one of the survivors landed al 1 v ine-lL gis, said the explosion oc curred between L.'lu and 2:20 o'clock ill Uie morn.lie \\ lien lie readied I'm # deck tile ship had begun to settle on the starboard side. Boats \v< -i> launched mid remained near the skin to pick up su-vivort but some ot' , - boats whicn stood cut about 20 yards were swampeu by wreckage. Tile nten w--e a 1 scantily clad .in 1 suffered terr'uiy fn in the cold .luring the 20 hours occupied in reaching tlh ore. Some died during the day and were passed overboard. Upon the arrival of the cutter at Lyme-Wegls at 11 o’clock last night six more were found dead in the bottom of the boat. A policeman on duty heard cries for help and going to the beach found the cutter with the men, none of whom could laud without assistance Some of tlbein were so exhausted that artificial respiration had to be re sorted to. A terrific southeast gale was blow ing all the time and although the men took turns at the oars, it was Impossible for them to keep warm, Russian Offensive Fails. Berlin, -Ian. 2.—(Via Say villa. 1 — Among the news items given out by the official press bureau today were the following: 'General Von Hlttenie, :t retired Ger man army officer, discussing the military situation in the east, re marks that it is impossible as yet to estimate the scope of Field Marshal V tn Hindenlmrg's successes hut that it appears certain the Russian offen sive lias failed. Russia still has plenty of men, be says, but she must be ;thort of everything else needed for warfare. "A dispatch front Constantinople re ports that Field Marshal Huron Von Der Goitz, the German army officer who reorganized the Turkish army, has left Constantinople tor the Cau casian field of operations. "The newspaper Hund of Herne. -Switzerland, stated that of all the belligerents Germany and Great Britain are the only countries able to raise reserves and that the German reserves, of course, are better organ ized and better trained. "Advices from Athens say that King Konstantine has expressed H10 firm intention of maintaining the neu trality of Greece until the end of the war " German-Austrian Alliance. Berlin, .Ian. 9 (Via Sayville.i Count Stephen Tisza, the Hungarian prime minister, in a New Year's speech affirmed that mutual confi dence, mutual love and reaped ex isted between Austria-Hungary and Germany. Austro-Hungarian troops fight, the said, under German com mand. and Germans go into battle un der Austro Hungarian command. Count Tisza's reef nt visit to the German headquarters was not for the solution of any difficulties whatso ever, but was for a discussion of present measures as well as of future political problems arising from the war. French papers report that the mayor of Lyons, France, has ordered tile lighting of all bridges and em bankments to cease at 9 p. m. as the appearance of Zeppelin dirigible hal loons is feared.” Kaiser Receives Generals. Berlin, via The Hague to London. • Ian. 2.— 9:0.1 p. m Instead of the customary New Year's reception the emperor yesterday received the com manding generals with whom Hie at tended divine service, lie then re ceived the congratulations of th? (Oiirt at field headquarters. Address, ing the correspondents, he said, among other tilings: "I hope you will he able in live new year to report many good tilings. We shall not lay down our Harms until we have gained a complete victory." Germany's Great Losses. London, Jan. 3.—2:'12 a. in.—A Pp tiograd dispatch to the Exchange Telegram Company says: "It is officially estimated till a t 27 German army corps are operating against Russia. Four hundred thou sand Germans and Austrians have a' ready been taken prisoners and their killed and wounded are three or four times heavier. Warsaw is nowise in danger and If the Germans are com polled to retreat they will find it a much more different problem than, last October." -o WAR REVENUE TAX. Washington, Jan. 2.—The war reve nue tax began to figure in marked fashion in government revenues dur ing December for the first time, Customs receipts fell off during tho month nearly seven million dollars, compared with Decern Iter, 1913, but ordinary internal revenue increased for the same period nearly five mil lion dollars. How much of that came front the emergency tax is not shown in the treasury statement, but probably it v as a large part. Total receipts for December amounted to $51,429,3(53, compared with $.".I,282,2.r.ti in 1913. Ordinary disbursements amounted to $•"»(!.99 I ,S92. The net balance in Hie general fund at the beginning of 19H was »i'>6,77u,i'«7.j and the total cash assets in the treasury were $l,'.MH,:ils,tJ92. NAEfl SCHEME «■■ ■ ■ ■ — ■■ ■ ■" — MEXICAN COMMANDERS UNABLE TO AGREE UPON A NEUTRAL ZONE ON THE BORDER. GEN. SCOTT STILE WORKING Hopes That Difficulties Now Encount ered May Be Overcome and That Safety of American Citizens Can Be Guaranteed. Washington, Jan. 2.—Difficulties have arisen in the negotiations of Brigadier General Scott, chief of staff of tilie United Stales army, between Generals Maytorena and Hill, of the Gutierrez and Carranza factions, re spectively, for tlie designation of Xaco, Sonora, as a neutral town to avoid firing into American territory. Acting Secretary Lansing of tite state department conferred today with President Wilson and later with Acting Secretary Breckinridge of the war department, who dispatched fur ther suggestions to General Scott. Knrique C. Llorente, Washington rep. resentative of Gutierrez, also talked aat length with 'Mr. Breckinridge. Llorente and high officials said hliey were confident an adjustment would lie reached without requiring decisive action by the batteries of artillerv e\. planatory of the situation was issued by Secretarj Tumulty after a confer ence with tlie president: "There is a hitch about tlie signing of the agreement between Maytorena and Hill and this government is at tempting to adjust the differences. The government has not been in formed exactly what the differences are but is trying to ascertain them.” Until today it. was generally sup posed that both Hill and Maytorena were ready to agree that the former would abandon Xaco and move his form s to Agua Prieta while .Mayto rena was to transfer his men to Nogales. J he state department received word today from its agents in Mexico City that tlie convention had ad iotmied until .Monday after a brief session yesterday, when tiiie question if how many delegates were to repre sent tlie Zapata army of tlie sou'h was debated without result. The din atoll added that as tiiere were manv tbaentees a majority of the members if tlie original convention held at \guas Calientes could be considered i quorum. General Robles, vice presi lent of that convention, presided yes terday. Washington officials are greatly in terested in tiiie deliberations of the convention as it lias been convened to select a provisional president for a period of several months until a gen eral election can lie held. It is under stood from supporters of both Gutier rez and Villa here that General Villa uid bis adherents favor the continua tion in office of Ktrialio Gutierrez. The Zapata, e'emem are opposed to this and the names of General Felipe Angeles and General Jose Isabel Robles, now minister of war, are being mentioned prominently. The state department also was ad vised that H. G. 0. Atwater, an American, was stabbed to ^leatli at Tampico by a Mexican. The department has no clue to At water's home address or relatives. Mexico City was reported quiet. No passenger trains went north yes terday on account of a scarcity of fuel. , Convention Delayed. Faso, Texas, Jan. 2.—Advices from the south today indicated that a still further delay had occurred in the reconvening at IMexico City of the Aguas Calientes conference of dliiefs. The latest date set was Jan uary 10. Already several meeting have been held by the permanent committee of 21 of tlie convention members. At these sessions efforts failed to agree on what proportion of the for mer Carranza delegates the Villa and Zapata factions would replace. The Z.pata agents insisted, it was said, that earl) faction should be repre sented with an equal number, whi'e the A’illa element insisted on a pro portion in accordance witlh the num ber of armed men in tlie field. Ther were more than 100 delegates at the Aguas Calientes convention. The delegation representing the Sonora government sustained by Gen eral Maytorena lias arrived here but’ lias not set out o.i its journey south. Other delegates from various parts of tlie republic were reported delayed by lack of communication and other rea sons. Consul Si 11 jman at (.Mexico City at present is the only American state department agent in the field. George C Carollhers, who lias been represent ing Washington with General Villa, arrived here today. Leon Canova. an other special agent, remained here. Kduardo Iturldde, whose escape front Mexico City led to sensational charges against Silliman and Canova by the Zapata element, has not been located. -o MAV DISREGARD UNIONS. Cleveland. Ohio, Jan. 2.—A propos al to formally disregard the organi zation of the United Mine Workers of America and deal directly with the miners as individuals in all future negotiations will be discussed by eastern coal operators at a meeting of the Ohio Coal Operators’ Association here Monday, according to state ments of operators tonight. Efforts to reach an agreement with the union, it was said, have failed. -o AMERICANS RELEASED. Matamoras, Mexico, Jan. 2.—Geo. K. Davis and M. H. Burnham, Ameri cans, and R. H Holland, an English man, arrested in Matamoras recently by the military authorities, were re leased last night. They left for Gal veston, Texas, The men were charged with carry ing letters to Tampico for enemies of the Carranza government, but an in vestigation acquitted them. -o CIGARETTE CAUSED FIRE Cleveland, Ohio, Jan- 2.—That a lighted cigarette dropped on a stair way may have been responsible for the fire which brought death by suf focation to Rev. Stephen Kakara, pas tor of St. John's Greek Catholic church and burned to death his house keeper, Mrs. Anna Pegjo early today, was a theory advanced tonight by the police. Father Makara had enemies who had threatened him and once beaten him. The police say they learned the priest was an inveterate cigarette smoker. GERMANY REPORTS BATTLE DEADLOCK ACTIONS IN POLAND HAVE BEEN DIVESTED OF THEIR DASH AND SPECTACLE. Germans and Austrians Have About Given Up Open Field Fighting and Resort to Sapping. Posen. ,lan. 1. via Berlin and The Hague to London, Jan. I!.—1:21 a. m. — The battle is now stationary at many parts of the long front in Po land. The rapid movements of the army forward and backward with Kaleidoscopic changes in the situation -which hitherto have characterized the warfare in the east, have given place for the time at least to a struggle along a heavily entrenched line of field fortifications resembling those in France. The German and Austrian allies are in close contact with the army ot •Grand Duke Nicholas, hut they are engaged in sapping instead of ma neuvering their way forward. Dur ing the fortnight which a correspond ent of the Associated Press spent at tlhe front attached to the staff of one division in the battle line along the Rawka river, the operations were marked by advances of from 10 to 12 miles in a few places, but in general the infantry is fighting its way foot by foot with the aid of artillery sup port. in these operations the artillery and mine throwers are trumps instead of the soldiers’ legs. Although the hcav> artillery is handicapped by the weather conditions and short days, the mine throwers are busy day and night hurling projectiles ot 200 pounds of high explosives from trench to trench at a range that is very effec tive. During the comparatively short time one of these huge missiles is in view wobbling through the air along an erratic parabola, the sight is inipres-1 sive. Ttie projectile can be plainly followed with the eye and the tension upon the men in tlhe trenches as the bomb comes nearer and nearer is be yond comparison to the effect caused by heavy artillery shells which are unseen until the explosion throws up a column of earth and scattered frag ments of the shell in all directions. Russian prisoners, of which there are a constant stream moving through the German lines, stated to the cor respondent that the landing ot eac i mine causes a catastrophe In the trenches and their vicinity a sits vie time are torn to bits. • OF RESERVES PROMINENT GERMAN-AMERICAN ARRESTED AT NEW YORK ON A SERIOUS CHARGE. SECUREU FKAUUULENTFASSES Made a Regular Business of Securing Passports For German Army Offi cers and Reservists to R. turn to Fatherland to Fight. New York. Jan 2.—An alleged con spiracy to furnish German army offi cers and reservists with American passports fraudulently obtained to en able them to return to Germany from this country without danger of moles tation by Preneii or English authori ties, was brought to light today by the department of J list ice The disclosure came with tflie arrest j of Carl Ruroede ,a former agent for the North German Lloyd steamship line, and with the removal from the outward bound steamer the itergsen ford of a German army officer and three German reservists. All of them were charged with conspiracy to de fraud the United States government I tiirougth tlie use of American pass ports. The four soldiers were taken off the steamer, which was bound for Bergen, Norway, just as she was pass ing quarantine and brought back to New York on a revenue cutter. All four bore photographic passports is sued by the state department to A met scans and alleged to have been furnished them by Ruroede. Other arrests are expected in the near fu ture, one a prominent German-Ameri can in 1this city. Ruroede said tonight to agents ot the department ot justice who had questioned him, that whatever lie had done was on his own initiative and was inspired by patriotic motives. He was held n $20,000 bond, which he was unable to furnish toniglht. With him was arrested John Anchor, his al leged associate, who was also held in $20,000 bail, and Ruroede’s 17-year old son, who was released on his own recognizance. * n«3 liner icsn vimk, u autfi .MUiier, August /Meyer and Herman Wegener, who recently cante here from Chile, were held in $5,000 Hail earth. They were detained also under $50o bail each, and lour others as ma terial witnesses, two with American and two with German names. The arrests were the culmination, it was said at the department of jus tice here tonight, of an investigation which has been in progress ever since the arrest in England of Carl Lodv. wlho was subsequently executed in the Tower of London as a German spy. Lody had a passport issued to an American and it became known to the department of justice that other American passports were also in the hands of German citizens. This dis covery was of'great concern to the stale department as it was feared that Americans holding good pass ports would he open to suspicion and possible peril of their lives in the countries belligerent to Germany. District Attorney Marshall, in n statement issued tonight, said ilhat in view ot this danger now emphasized by today's arrests, the state depart ment lias established a system by which if any American passport is ex posed to question, "the nearest diplo matic or consular officer of this gov ernment will on request send a cable report of the essential facts in the case, and the state department will investigate and cause verification or disavowal of the passport involved to be cabled promptly to Hie officer who inaugurated the inquiry." Mr. Marshall added that thorough investigaation had disclosed the fact that very few United States pass ports had been fraudulently obtained. Ruroede has been under surveil lance by secret agents of the depart ment of justice for about six week? Tile detectives learned, it was said, tha* he was in communication with German reservists in all parts of tlhe country, while he received many of then everv day at his office. Large numbers of them were furnished by Ruroede with Swiss and Roumanian passports, it Is alleged, but American peenorts were considered far more desirable if they could he secured. To obtain 'hese. It is charged, Ruroede employe 1 naturalized Germans to apply lor passports, paying them f’l.m $25 to $50 apiece for their ser v!ces if in pessary. Once certified by * ie i lei k of the L ilted Stales distriit co ii t Hu passports were sent to Washington for signature by Secre tary ltryan and the seal of the state department, and on being returned were given to the reservists. •-o GOTHAM’S DEATH RATE. N'ew York, Jan. 2—New York’s death rate for the year just closed was 12.40 per 1.000 population accord ing to figures made public today by the city's department of health. This the department’s report states, makes the lowest, death rate ever attained in this city. The number of deaths during 1914 was 74,803, The year witnessed the greatest number of births in the his tory of the municipality, there hav ing been 149,007 children born, an in crease of 5,513 over 1913. -u MORE BLEASE PARDONS Columbia, S. C., Jan. 2.—Governor Blease today brought the total num ber of his holiday pardons, paroles and commutations to 170 by acting favorably on the cases of 71 addition al state prisoners. Within the last four years he has exercised the right of clemency in 1,614 cases. Today's list included .22 prisoners serving life terms for murder. Two were granted full pardons, three were paroled and the sentences of 28 com muted to terms ranging from two to twenty years. -o————— CARRANZA MINED AN AMERICAN SHIP PACIFIC MAIL STEAMER IS HELD TWO DAYS AT SALINA CRUZ BY CONSTITUTIONALISTS. San Francisco, Jan. 2.—For two days the American steamship Ban Juan of the Pacific Mail service, was forcibly detained at Salina Cruz by General Arrieta of Carranza's forces and at one time she was threatened witlh destruction by dynamite. Cap tain Stewart of the San Juan, which docked here today, made this report to the owners. On IDecember 19, General Arrieta demanded that the San Juan, then in Salina Cruz, transport sixty of his men aud twenty officers, together with their horses, arms and ammuni tion, to Mazatlan. Captain Stewart was willing to take the Mexicans as passengers but not as soldiers, Uhls did not satisfy General Arrieta, who refused to give the ves sel clearance and threatened to dyna mite it unless his wishes were met. Captain Stewart remained resolute and the question finally was settled on his own terms. He accepted the soldiers unarmed as passengers and landed them at Mazatlan December -o WAR SUMMARY Five hundred and seventy-nine men perished by the sinking of the British battleship Fordiable in tlhe English channel on New Year's day, according to the latest estimates. Of the crew of 670 men, 201 were saved, a cutter with 50 living aboard having reached land since the first cas ualty list was compiled. Many of the survivors of the Formidable were landed at Brix ham, Devon; others at Lyme Regis, Dorset, which indicates the disaster occurred at the w**st ern end of the EnglisOi channel, although tlie admiralty has not givpn the location, nor has it made a definite statement with reference to the real cause. The fighting in Belgium and northern France lias come to a hfiW, to judge from the official reports so far as spectacular op erations are concerned. In Russian Poland and Galicia fherp is no actual change in the situation as it has been for sev eral days past. The Ottoman tioops in the Caucasus have crossed the Russian frontier at three points and soon will he under command of Field Marshal Baron Von Der Goltz. In an orange hook issued at the instance of the Russian minister for foreign affairs at Petrograd iit is charged that the independence of tlie Ottoman empire “vanhlhed definitely from the moment that the German cruisers Goeben and Breslau took refuge in the Dar danelles," and that the German ships under German command made "an attack on the peace ful shores of an empire which was maintaining perfect neigh borly relations with the Turks.” Count Tisza, the 'Hungarian premier, according to a Berlin dispatch, has affirmed that mu tual confidence, love and respect exist between Austria-Hungary and Germany. Fearing a possible attempt at a landing by the German* on the past coast of England, Yorkshire is enrolling a corps of civic guards and volunteers with head quarters at Hull for self-protec-, tiou. NOTJEPLIED STATE DEPARTMENT STILL WAITING FOR REPLY TO NOTE ON NAVAL SITUATION. ITALY MAKES EXPLANATION Heavy Shipment* of Copper From tha United States Resulted From Cur tailed Supply From Other Sections of the World. Washington, Jan. 2fi.—While no word came from Ambassador Page to day as to the character of the reply which Great Britain will make to the American note of protest concerning interference with American trade there were several developments In tho general shipping situation. The United States asked Great Britain for information as to how the latter’s statement made early in No vember that naval stores, including rosin, camphor and turpentine, would tie regarded a snon-contraband, will be reconciled in actual practice with the notification from the British for eign office of a week ago saying these products now are absolute contra band. Information is sought as to how cargoes now en route are to he affected and whether resinous pro ducts are Included in the classifica tion. Tlte Italian ambassador informed tilie state department that while sta tistics would make it appear that ex traordinary amounts of copper ship ped from tlie United States to Italy might lie for unneutral purposes, the fact of the matter was that as Ger many needed her own capper, Italy could no longer import from tlie coun tries immediately to the north of her Imt must set k tlie metal in the Ameri can markets. 'Much gratification was manifested tilie state department because of the release by Great Britain of the til tank steamers Flflis and Name guns* tt since November 30. The case if the Brindllla, originally detained it Halifax and rearrested on her re. urn journey from Kg.vpt and taken to i French port, is looked upon as Hke y to produce complications. Should tlie question of change of registry he raised a precedent may ha set, for while Great Britain has recog nized tlie tra isfers when of a bona ide nature, the attitude of FTance tas never been explicitly declared. Tlie communication which tlie state lepartment sent concerning naval stores is said to be the first protest m specific articles listed by Great liritain as absolute contraband. In :ite American note of protest it was stated that while the United States objected to some of tlie classificaa lions made, the discussion of thi-rn^ would be reserved until anaU^£ time. I lie protest concerning naval s&res a as communicated today to tlrt* gov -rnments and senators of several southern states. Rosin and turpen tine had been intended lor ballast with cotton cargoes and the HrithSi government is on record as stating that, cargoes so made up would not he regarded as contraband. The state department had no sooner sent notifi cation to this effect to shippers than the British foreign office published its new list. To prevent the recurrence of char ges that American shippers conceal copper and contraband articles in cot ton and otllier non-Contra band cargoes, the following formal notice supple mentary to President Wilson’s warn ing of last week was issued today by Secretary Red field of the department of commerce: “The attention of shippers of goods to neutral countries is called to the importance of having manifests com plete and accurate. It Is essentiul also t oavoid mixing contraband goods In cargoes otherwise not contraband. It is alleged that some American manifests have omitted certain con traband goods, also that efforts have been made to conceal contraband ar ticles or to alter their appearance so that they will be allowed to pass. "A single case of the kind is enuogh to embarrass all American commerce to neutral countries by throwing loubt on the correctness of our mani ests and on the neutral nature of our targoes, thus possibly involving deluy '■tough examining cargoes that other, vise would be avoided."