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The Sentinel-Record prints all the FORECAST
war news up to 2:30 each morning, two hours later than any other news- Washington, Jan. 5—Forecast for paper reaching Hot Springs. When Arkansas: Unsettled Wednesday, you read it in this paper you are probably local rains, colder at night: . . _ Thursday fair, colder in east and reading the latest. THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRINGS T HAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. south. _ _ ____» VOLUME XXXII. hot springs, Arkansas, Wednesday morning, January 6,1915. number 269. RUSSIANS WIN THREE VICTORIES SUCCESS CROWNS SLAV ARMS IN THREE THEATERS OF THE EASTERN FRONTS. ANNIHILATE TURKISH ARMY Also Defeat and Pursue Austrians In Carpathians, Advance Steadily on Cracow and Hold Germans at Stand still in Poland. ■ •oiMlmi', Jan. r». in p. in. Two ol tip three Turkish columns which last "e a invaded the Russian Caucasus have met with disaster and tlhe troops Hot killed 01 capture 1 are in disorder ly retreat, pursued hy the Russians ’1 ie column w litch took Ardahan two <lays ago lias been driven out of that town, according to the Petrograd offi cial dispatches, and is a!most sur rounded by the 'Russians, who bold the 111a n roads. Another column which crossed Hie frontier near riarlkamv sh on the mad to Kars, has suffered even a worse dr fiat, one of the two army corps which composed it being captured in Its entirety. The Russians also report another Victory over the Austrians in the I'zsek pass of the Carpathian: . Em peror Francis Joseph’s army in this ltglen is declared to he in full retreat in a mountain pass deep in snow while a violent snowstorm rages anil tlhe Russian cavalry is attacking on tin- flank and rear. ► Hy forcing this pass the Russian' ga rued couftitol of some of the most valuable oil fields in the Austrian in: l>ire and thus shut off another of the sources of fuel supplies which the Austi o-Gorman army i(re said to nee I so much. This, however, has only bc< n part of flic Russian tasks. While forcing hack the Turk* and Aus trians. tin* Russian troops are holding the line of the Mazurian lakes in East 3'russia, are lighting strenuously to withstand the German offensive in North Poland; are advancing toward Cracow and have crossed Bukpwina W’hi&h is now virtually in their pos session. In 'North Poland, whore Russians are confronted with tin- most serious task, tlhe wen1 her is proving a useful ally. The Germans, according to their own accounts, are making only slow progress with their offensive op eiatiione while the Russians, an u:iol tidal dispatch received from Merlin by way of Copenhagen, says are ad vancing toward IC'raeow and southern Silesia. 'Military men look for bigger events between the lower Vistula and tin Kast Prussian frontier. The Russians .are in possession of the gieater part ol (lie intervening territory, and un less engaged when the river freezes, would fall on the German flanks to the soutih of the river. It is believed here, therefore, that the Germans aie planning a movement from Thorn and s» East Prussia, m an effort to prevent this action and as the fighting won id take place in the open, it would afford a contrast to lire trench warlar-* which prevails along the rest of tlie front. FJxcept at the two extreme w ings on Hie Itelgian coast and i:i upper Al sace, wliiere the Austrians have galr.td some ground, the fighting on the western front has been done by sappers, miners, and artillery. From the coast to Hie Hwlss border the troops either have been engaged in shelling the opposite trenches or try ing to sap ami mine them. Only at .Isolated points lias the infantry been given its opportunity. A few hundred yards have been gained by the allies among tlhe duties of Flanders, despite the unfavorable weather. Great Interest attaches to the op erations of tliSa trench In upper Al sace. The capture of Stein-bach was accomplished after almost superhu man efforts, as the Germans had strongly entrenched themselves. Now t ie French are attempting to for e their way th roll Hi to Gernay (Seim I lie’.in). the possession of which would ope i the door to Muelhausen. which ft the French occupied for a short time ■ at the beginning of Hie war. B One of Hie lessons the war has ■ ''tau lit Russia is that the port of | Archangel, the only large seaport on the north coast of the Russian eni ire and the niosi n erly point in B Hie railway sysit m of Kurope, can he B kept open, if not ail) winter at lists’ for the greater part of it, with the aid of ice breakers. Archangel is gen orally frozen over for months, but it has been kept open- thus far and war supplies are being regularly shipped to Russia wlhile in return Russia sends out provisions. The house of lords w ill meet tomor row and Karl Kitchener, secretary for war. is expected to make a statement on tile progress of the war and llrit isli preparations. Germans on Defensive. Betrograd. Jan. 5, via London, ti: 1" p. in.—The military critic of the No voe Vremsa, commenting on tlie ac tivity of the German forces along the lower Vistula, says that the Germans aie now able to maintain t'neir posi tions witli about half the number of troops required at the time Uhey were undertaking an active advance to ward Warsaw. The reason for this, lie says, is that the Germans now oc cupy deep trenches with warm under ground rooms, and have?behind them several lines of well equipped artil lery. * During the advance the Germans clung closely to the peculiar tactics developed by them earlier in the war, particularly in the Ilow-I.owicz cam paign. in whidli they concentrated twelve army corps on a twenty-mile front. When tills front was recently lengthened the same number of troops were spread over ?u miles. This is regarded as proof that the Germans have abandoned the offensive. By re maining on the defensive, it is esti mated that at least an army corps has been released. It is extremely likely that part ot tlie troops thus released are being used for tlhe renewed attempt to re gain possession of the right bank of the Vistula and a triangular area north of .the river, bounded by a line running from Thorn to Mlawa and Nowo Georgiewsk. Such a movement Is indicated the renewed activity be tween Thorn and Block. From other sources it was learned that the Germans are employing light river boats equipped with machine guns of small caliber for operations on the Vistula out of Thorn in co operation with tthe land forces, which are endeavoring to regain the terri tory below Block from which they recently were driven out. German Official Report. Berlin, Jan. ii.- i By Wireless to IS ay vibe. I The following comment, on the military situation was nade to day by the official press 'ureau: Operations in Alsace appear to he progressing favorably for »lie Her man's. According to Swiss i - ports, the French have been completely driven from the Vailly riv.ir and all have withdrawn in title direction of Belfort. All attempts to use Thann as a base for an aggressive move ment proved vai "The western si at of war other wise is characterized by unusual quiet, unfavorable weather conditions apparently hindering vigorous opera tions. 'Russian Poland an Austrian bul letin reports that Austrian troops succeeded In occupying an important line to the south of Horliee. which is a favorable basis for further opera tions. An unofficial report from Vienna states that Austria has had to withstand' very strong attacks from tlhe Russians on tut i;e heights. The position is especially important be cause it forms a naMiral point for the junction of A at iau *r< op» in the Cai path ions vith the main army. A :>reu< h in tir - position > u ld have a had effect 0:1 IV* general r MKary sit uation. Hence the determined attack on the Russians there. An official belletin summarizing the results of the lighting i:i the northern theater ol war during Christ mas week says that iJ.T'mi privates and 117 officers were cap: ur-'.l. "There is no news from Fervia or Turkey." Exchange Wounded Prisoners. London, Jan. 5.—,X:Hi) p. in.—The of ficial information bureau announced tonight, that an agreement had been reached between ngland and Herniary providing for the exchange of prison ers of war who were incapacitated for iuit'.ier service. The announce ment said: "On December in the British gov ernment proposed to the Herman gov ernment through the I nited Sta'es that arrangements he made for the exchange of British and Herman offi cers and men. prisoners of war. wlho were physically incapacitated for fur ther military service. The accept ance of this offer by the Herman gov ernment was conveyed to the British government on the hist. Arrange ments are being made to give etfect to it." Correspondent Wounded. Perograd, Jan. 5—John Bass, cor respondent of the Chicago Daily News is reported from Warsaw to have been wounded in the face by a piece of shrapnell shell. He was taken to Warsaw hv an English correspondent. Sweden Reduces Rates. Stockholm, Via London. Jan. 5. - 7 p in. -The Bank of Sweden re duced its discount rate today from six i lo five and a half per cent. DEAL! VILLA A HARD BLOW GEN. OBREGON CAPTURES PU EBLO WITH TERRIFIC LOSS TO THE DEFENDERS. I HEAVIEST LOSS OE THE WAK Campaign Against the New Rebels in Mexico Was Swift and Sure, City Being Bombarded For Hours by Ninety-two Cannon. Vera Cruz, Ian. 5.—Puebla, capital of tin* state of Puebla, which was evacuated a month ago by the troops of General Yenustiano Carranza, was retaken today after a campaign which began with the capture of Tepeaea, a short distance to the southeast of Puebla, six days ago. The fa) of Puebla came after six hours of what is describe*! as 'having been the most furious bombardment to which any '.Mexican force has yet been subjected. General Alvaro Obregon, command ing the Carranza troops, worked into a position about the city fast night with virtually all his forces, which are reported to have aggregated not less than 30.000 men. He had determined to make tb< battle as short as pos sible and tlhrow nearly all his men into action beginning the fighting early in the morning. After pounding with 92 cannon the positions of the troops of General Villa and General Zapata, whose strength is estimated to have been some l.'.fHio men. the troops of Gen eral Obregon advanced under the fire of their opponents' artillery. When General Obregon left Vera 1 Tuz he told friends at headquarters that lie would be in possession of Puebla in eight days. This time was not up until tonight. Tepeaea. Amo zoc and other towns and villages to tlie east, and southeast of Puebla have been taken since his departure and Obregon lias made bis headquarters division at Api/.aco, where the rail road from Puebla joins the main line of tile Mexican railway. Last night he moved this force southward and uneither force toward tire west, cutting both railroads over which the Villa and Zapata forces might proceed to ward Mexico Git; Generals Alvaredo and Mallen were in charge of the forces moving from the east and had under their direction most of the cannon. That numeiious <an non of high grade and an abund ance of ammunition were in Olire gon's possession, but lie intended to employ so many pieces in one action came as a surprise. Topography about. Puebla avails itself easily to a force which can utilize tlhe heights above the city with artillery, and Obregon'3 chief effort was to get in possession of hills. A few guns were mounted to the west of the city, but most of the bombardment was left to Alvaredo and Mallen. who gained the hills to the east after driving Villa and Zapata men from the ancient forts on their crests. How many of the Villa and Zapata troops escaped is not known, but early reports of the fighting indicate that the greater part of them either were killed or made prisoners. From these reports it would seem that in few of the battles that have occurred in Mexico has the slaughter been so swift and so great. The hardest part of the action was found outside the city proper. The dead and wounded are said to cover the ground at some places, and to lie strewn plentifully across a field whose diameter front west to east is some 12 miles. The bombardment front the 92 cannon was almost inces sant, according to the official report. Communication with Puebla was not established until tonight. Just who was in command of the capital forces is not yet, known, but their leaders are reported to have been Andrew Almazan and Kufemio Zapata, a brother of Kniiliiino Zapata. A brief message was received at midday announcing the result of the fighting aid the garrison in Vera Cruz, with their hands, paraded Ulie streets in I ot the victory. The ringing of clni'ch bells conveyed the news to the po| uh.ee. General Obregon had not sufficient data at niylbitall to estimate tho losses of bis opponents, but the offi cial report said they were unusually heavy. The report also indicated that the artillery fire of the Carranza forces di«l more damage within the city of Puebla proper than was at lirst hi.iieatt d. Many treet ■ an I i plazas are said to be. almost clogged wuii t|>>,id and wminded a huge uuul her of whom were victims of machine guns ami rifle lire in the street r'iglii 'ing. Heavy lighting is still in progress lo the. west of Puebla between Obre gon’s forces and reinforcements sent front tllie capital. Three aeroplanes did good scout work during the day, according to Obregon. It is now said that General Alma zan was in charge of the operations for the capital forces, supported by Generals Cortes and Argnmedo of the fedeml army and Generals Banderas, i Porlirio, Bonilla and Varona. Agua Prieta "Dry." Douglas, Ariz., Jan. 5.—Agua Prieta. the .Mexican town across the border, lias gone’ dry, shattering the hopes of American saloon keepers, who were put out of business December 31 by till© Arizona dry law and expected to reopen in the Mexican town. Col. Arnullo Gomez, the constitu tionalist commandant of Agua Prieta, issued the following order today: “No liquor may be brought across the border, even though duty be paid; and no liquor may be sold or given away in Agua Prieta under penalty of $•300 fine or 30 days in the cuartel." The order applies alike to Mexicans and foreigners. WAR SUMMARY Turkey apparently has suffered one of the worst defeats of the war. Petrograd reixirts that two of the Ottoman army corps in the (Caucasus have been utterly de feated in the district of Sarika tnysh, Trans-Caucasia, one of them surrendering while the ronir nants of the other are being pur sued. In addition still another corps in. tlie vticiniity of Ardahan is reported to be striving desper ately to find an outlet tihrough the snow filled' passes of the Ar menian mountains to escape from the oncoming Muscovites. These Turkish forces evidently had Tiflis, capital of Trans‘Caucasia, as their objective, That the Russians worked havoc among the Turks at Sari kamysli is indicated by the state ment in the official report that tilie small bodies of troops which succeeded in escaping "were vig oiously pursued and destroyed.” Grand Duke Nicholas and Gen eral .I off re. t lie French com niander-in-chief, have exchanged II elicitations over the Russian victory. In tlie eastern theater of war both Petrograd and Berlin assert that conditions rentaiin virtually unchanged, although the opera tions are proceeding without ces sation. , In the west the most severe figfhting is taking place on the eastern end fit' the line, where the French declare they have made gains in the occupataion of strat egic positions in the vicinity of Rouvrois and St. Mihiel. It is estiinatetltliat no less than 150,000 prisoners, unfit for further war service, will he lib erated through adherence to the pope's proposal for an exchange by King George, mperor William, mperor Nicholas, Emperor Fran cis Josepfa, King hudwig of Ba varia, King Peter of Benia, and tlie Sultan of Turkey. President Poincare also is known to favor tiie idan. Great (Britain and Ger many had previously agreed to such an exchange \\ hue Great Britain is favor able to file plan of the United States to certify cargoes destined for European ports, it is said that she cannot consider such certifi cation an absolute guarantee and that tlie right of search cannot be waived. Germany does not consider that tlie United States is acting out side her niglhUs under interna tional law in supplying belliger ents with munitions of war. Chairman Khxal of the foreign relations committee of the house of representatives, made this statement before the committee while l+.'presentative Bartholdi was advocating liis resolution to empower the president to piohibit such exportation. Germany, through Ambassador Gerard, lias informed tlhe United States that no ships, even those under British or French flags, carrying relief supplies from the United Stales, for the Belgians will be interfered with by Ger man warships. provided they carry only clothing and food and their commanders promise to re frain from assisting Germany’s ent lilies. A Petrograd newspaper is ad vised Iren Tiflis, TransCaucasia. illiat Izzet Pasha, former Turkish blister of war, lias been made prisoner by the Russians. Berlin hears through Athens that tlie Dardanelles forts are lie in bar ling the A n|tlo French fleets and that mi allied torpedo tioat has hern damaged. DEATH KNELL OF TURK ARMY RUSSlk DELIVERS A CRUSHING BLOW TO MOSLEM ARMY IN BATTLE IN CAUCASUS, TURKS FIGHT FRANTICALLY But Cannot Escape From the Cordon of Bayonets and Artillery the Rus sians Had Prepared For Them in the Passes. Petrograd. Jan 5.—The following official communication from the head quarters of tiie army of Caucasus was issued tonight: “Tiie defeat which was inflicted on the Ottoman army in the regian of ISarikamysh is complete. Tile Ninth Turkish corps was completely anni hilated. We made prisoners the com mander of the corps, l/.khan Pastha. the commanders of the 17th, 28th and 29th divisions and two lieutenants (these chiefs with their staffs), more than a hundred officers and' a great number oif soldiers. Tiie Turkish losses in killed and wounded were enormous. AA'e took many can non. machine guns, munitions of war and re victualing convoy**. “A company of one of our glorious regiments captured tiie entire com mand of the Ninllh corps. “Our victorious troops are pur suing the rest of the Tenth corps, winch is trying to escape. “Duripg the taking of Ardahan one of our Siberian cavalry regiments charged the enemy and cut to pieces two companies of Turkish infantry. A squadron of the same cavalry regi ment captured the flag of tiie Eighth regiment of infantry belonging in 'Constantinople. The Turks are re treating in all directions. "There is no modification on tihe other fronts.” London. Jail. 5.—11:40 p. m.—A dis patch to Reuter's Telegram Company from Petrograd says: “Accounts received here of tiie Turkish defeat at Sarikatnysh says the Turks displayed great bravery when their position was seriously threatened and made frequent des perate bayonet sorties. AVheu they were compelled to vacate they made valiant, but futile efforts to cover their retreat by a rear guard action, even tiie wounded continuing firing from the ground when they were struck down. “According to a telegram from* Tiflis the persistence witli which the Turks pressed their attack in tiie Sarikatnysh district, was to enable their troops in tiie Ardahan region to retire without heavy losses. Their operations were conducted under tre mendous difficulties. They lacked firoper equipment and had no trans port trains. Everything had to lie carried on tiie hacks of soldiers or of civilians commandeered for the pur pose. Most of tiie trophies of war raptured by tiie Russians were of German make. •'Northward of Kars the Turkish forces at Ardahan also is threatened with disaster. The enemy, in his dis orderly flight, lias been almost sur rounded by tiie 'Russians, who hold tiie main roads. The Turks are striv ing frantically to find an outlet, hut have to face passes deep In snow. The Russians have attacked Ardahan on two sides, their artillery playing a prominent part.' Turkish Army Corps Captured. Paris, .Ian. 5.-10:50 p. m.—The fol-' lowing official communication was is sued by the war office tonight: “l.ast night our troops took posses sion of a quarry situated at the cross ing of the road from Rouvois to St. Mihiel and that from Maizey to St. Mihiel and also some neighboring trenches. “There is no other operation to re port. The weather contiunes to be very had with incessant rains. “Grand Duke Nicholas has address ed to General Joffre the following: “I hasten to inform you of the joy ful news that tiie army of Caucasus, notwithstanding that its forces have been reduced to a minimum, with a view not to weaken the army in the principal theatre of the war, has won two decisive victories—on December 21 and 22 (January ;? and 4 modern calendar! against Turkish forces sup erior in number, at Ardahan against the firsi corps and at Sarikamygh aguinsi Ihe Ninth and Tenth Turkish corps The entire Ninth corps has capitulated. The Tenth corps is mak ing every effort to withdraw but is being pursued by nur troops "General Joffre has sent the follow ing reply: "I pray your imperial highness to accept my warm felicitations for the great victory won by the army of the Caucasus. By their constant and un interrupted effort in all the theatres of operations the armies of the allies are preparing the definite victories ot the future.” Captured Izzet Pasha. Perograd, Via. 'London, Jan.. 6.— 12:40 a. m. A dispatch to the Bourse Gazette from Tiflis says the Russians have taken prisoners l/.zet Pasha, former Turkish war minister. Dardanelles Forts Active. London,Jan. tj.—12:25 a. m.— A wireless dispatch received from Ber lingives an Tthens report that the Dardanelles fortresses have commenc ed a bombardment of the blockading Anglo-French fleets and that one tor pedo boat has been slightly damaged. Russians Attack Flank. Petrograd, Jan. 5.—General head quarters has issued the following of ficial communication: “On the left of the Vistula on Jan uary 4 rifle and artillery fire contin ued. Round about and south of Bor jimow there have been seperate en gagements. "In Galicia no essential modifica tions to be noted. At Uzsok pass the Austrians, in retreat, were attacked by our cavalry which fell upon them, flank and rear, after having made their way by mountain paths obstruct ed by snow this notwithstanding a violent snow storm. In this attack we captured many officers and more than 450 soldiers.” Bombarded Fortified Cities. Berlin, .Ian 5.—'By Wireless to Say ville—The official press bureau today gave out the following: "The North German Gazette says that Hartlepool, England, according to the English monthly army list, be longs to the coast defense and that Whitby, according to the English monthly naval list, Is a coast guard station. Scarborough, the newspaper says, has a battery of six 15 inch guns a soldiers barracks and a radio sta tion. “Tlie German Reichband Decemblr ill had $552,000,000 gold against $202, 250,000 last year. The batik's notes are covered to 42.2 per cent by metal cash. ‘‘Budapest reports that the Bulgar ian premier, M. Radoslavoff has stat ed that the relations between Roum ania and Bulgaria are friendly and that the permanent neutrality of Rou mania in the present war is probable. "Rome reports received here say Great Britain is sending Indian troops landed in Egypt to the European war theater, in the fear that the Indians would prove unreliable against the advancing Turksk. "Advices received from Genoa say that the Italian government has taken energetic measures against the illegal exporation to France of objects which would serve for military purposes. “The Paris newspaper Eclair prints a report from Harve to the effect that the greater part of the provisions in the Dunkirk arsenal were destroyed by the German bombardment. "The savings band deposits in Nur emberg since the new year began to exceed those of last year for a similar period by $75,000 although $200,000 has been withdrawn for installments on tlie war loan.” Germans Arrest Cardinal. Amsterdam, Via London, Jan. 5.— 8:45 pp. m.—A dispatch received by the Tijd from Roosendaal says that Cardinal Mercier primate of Belgium and archbishop of .Malines, has been arrested by the German authorities and held a prisoner in his own arch episcopal palace at Malines under a military guard. The report which has not been con firmed says the cardinal's arrest was the result of a pastoral letter issued by him and read on Sunday in the churches throughout Belgium. In this letter the cardinal is said to have re ferred to the occupation of Belgium as follows: “This power has no legal authority and consequently you owe it in yeor heart neither allegience nor obedience The only legal authority in Belgium is that appertaining to our king, his gov ernment and the representatives of the nation.” Belgium’s Sore Need. London, Jan.5.—10 p. in. "Words fail me to express by deep apprecia tion of the bountiful generosity of the American people to Belgium,” Cardi nal Mercler, primate of Belgium, says in a letter to Herbert c Hoover, chair man of the American commission for relief in Belgium. “After all that has been done and is being done by them," the cardi nal's letter continues, "to help us in our trouble, it might appear unseemly on my part to ask for more; but our distress is so real and the misery caused by the war so great that I cannot but look to the future with anxiety." The letter closes with an appeal to the American people "to continue to keep their hearts open to us." Denmark’s Money Easy. Copenhagen, Via London, Jan. 5.— to-"J p ni. Tlie National Bank has reduced its discount rate from six to live and a half pereceiil NEWJESSONS WAR EXPERTS IN PEACE TIMES MADE MANY ERRORS IN THEIR CALCULATIONS. NEW LESSONS ARE TAUGHT Gen. VanHeeringen Explains to Asso ciated Press Correspondent Some of the New Wrinkles of Modernised Warfare. Field Headquarters of the German Army, a Place In France, 'Dec. 12.— (Correspondence of the Associated Press) This important section of the long battle line is guarded at this writing by the army of General Von Heeriii'gen, to which belongs the credit of tlie first heavy figlhting and the first considerable victory of the "ar—the defeat of the French at Muelhausen, Alsace, on August 20. Kach day begins tts artillery duel, sometimes ferociious. sometimes al most perfunctory. T)ie infantry In tlie advance trenches carry on con stant tunneling and trenching, punct uated with minor but frequently sharp contacts. This week, however, has seen no llieavy fighting and the lull in operations of a serious character has enabled the correspondent of tlie As sociated Press, who has been a guest of the headquarters mess for tlie greater part of tlie week, to have many conversations with. General Von Heeringen, and almost every evening hear his aitter-dlnner talks on the uew lessons and methods of this war, the noteworthy achievements of tlie war and on tlie use of the automobile, the aeroplane, the telephone and wireless telegraphy in modern warfare. Tills war with its armies of millions and its battle fronts of hundreds of miles would have been impossible ■without, these modern adjuncts. Gen eral VonHeeringen believes, and those seeking to place the responsibility for the colossal struggle may, he thinks, if they wiflli, place a portion of the blame on tlie shoulders of modern in ventors. As general staff officer, as Prus sian minister of war and as army in spector and prospective commander if war should come, General VoniHeer ingen lias been in close touch with the modern theory of war, hut he ad mits that all did not come out as the experts had supposed. "Take the laying out. V trenches, for example,1’ lie said, "thle first prfci oiple to lie observed in laying out trenches, accurdin gto our ideas be fore Hie war, was to secure as ex tended a field of fire as possible, so as to force an attacking enemy to ad vance a long distance under the fire of the defenders. Now we have learned that the first essential is to have them concealed and protected from artillery firei, even if the of fire does not extend more than/30 yards before tiie trenches. Tli^t ls enough, with modern weapon** to stop any attack. “Hand grenades, we find, are the best weapons for street and house to house fighting. A couple of hand grenades thrown into a house occu pied by the enemy will clear it more quickly than anything else and with far less loss of life than by the use of the bayonet. Our men all bear them now. In trenches we are .g with remarkable effect not onl> band grenades, but also large mines con taining a great quautity of explosives and thrown by a special type of gurf. These explode with tremendous ef fect, killing or utterly demoralising every one in the opposite trench.” The correspondent was shown a number of these har .1 grenades. They are about the size of a baseball and are bound to tlhort wooden paddles, making them very handy to throw. Usually they are provided with fuses which the user lights from a match or \ a cigar. Genera! Vondieeringas was as*ked whether the first month’s fighting had settled in any way the question of the superiority of dense or ex tended lines for attack, Englhih and French retorts in the early days of the war having described the German soldiers as charging In almost solid formation, and incurring heavy loss. The general intimated that there was a great deal otf legend in the story .hat in order to get the men forward ' under heavy fire, it was necessary to advance i;i successive rushes rather than in dense lines, owing to the ef fect of tihe modern infantry weapons.