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All the War News
The Sentinel-Record prints alt th« war news up to 2:30 each morning, two hours later than any other new-* paper reaching Hot Springs. When you read it in this paper you are reading the latest tt&th. THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRIN GS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. ■ WEATHER FORECAST Washington, May 12.—Forecast for Arkansas: Fair Thursday and Fri day. VOLUME XXXIII. HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS. THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 13, 1915. NUMBER 14 HE TO GERMANY DECLARES THE RIGHT flf NEUTRALS TO TRAVEL ANT PART Of SEAS American Government Will Leave Nothing Undone to Obtain a Com pliance With Its Requests. President Wilson Makes a Point That Notice of an Intention to Commit an Unlawful Act Neither Justifies Nor Legalizes It--Demand is Made That Sinking of Passenger Ships Without Warning Shall Cease. .r' Washington, May 12.—The I li t I States in a note to be Bent to Ger many tomorrow demands a guarant *e lliat there will be no further attacks by submarines on merchant ships car ry it.g non-combatants. It serves no tice also that full reparation will be sought for the loss ol more than one hundred American lives in the sinking of the Lusitania and for other viola tions of American rights in the s a zones of war. Tile document was to have been cabled tonight but the president after conferences with Counsellor Robert Lansing of the state department made several changes in legal detail and then revised it alone in his study to night. Tomorrow ti will he despatch* ed and it is expected to lie made pub lic soon after No changes were made in the es — ■sv-icGals of the communication as formulated Sunday by the president, and approved by the cabinet yester day. While no indication is given of the steps to be taken by the* United States In live event of an unfavorable roi y, the note informs the German govern ment that ihe American government will leave nothing undone either in diplomatic representations or other action to obtain a compliance with its TiMHlests, The principal point:- in the note are substantially as follows: 1. Tie United States government calls attention to the various incidents in the war zone proclaimed by Ger many around the British Isles; the sinking of the British liner Falabia, with tlie loss of 'Leon C. Thresher, an American; the attack of German air men on the steamer Cushing, the tor pedoing without warning of the Amer ican steamer Gnlflight, flying the Stars and Stripes, and finally the torpedoing without warning of the Lusitania with its loss of more than a thousand lives of noncomhatants. among them more than one hundred Americans. 2. T ,ese acts are declared to be in* defensible under international law. The United States .mints out that it never admitted Germany's right to do them, and warned the imperial government that it would tie held to a "strict accountabilitv” for attacks on American vessels or lives. A strict accountability therefore is now asked from Germany. 3. The usual financial reparation will he sought although Germany is ir. effect reminded that no reparation can restore the lives of those sacri ficed in tile sinking of the Lusitania and other ships. L Expressions of regret may com ply with the legal precedents hut they tire valueless unless accompanied by a cessation of tilt* practices endanger ing lives of non-combatants. Tlte right of neutta's to travel any point of tlte high seas on neutral or belligerent merchantmen is as serted. 6. In the name of humanity and in ternational law tlte United States de mands a guarantee that these rights will be respected and that there lie no repetition of the attacks on merchant men carrying noneombatants. 7. Tlte giving of warning to tlte American public, without officially communicating them to the United States government, is commented on in connection with the German em bassy’s' printed advertisements before tlte sailing of the Lusitania, but irte h. cctive of the failure to advise the American government of Get many's purpose, the point is made t hat notice of an intention to do an unlawful act neither justified nor legalized it. 8. The suggestion is conveyed that the German government, of course, could not have intended to destroy innocent lives, and that consequently the German submarine commanders must have misunderstood their in structions. The American government indicates its hope that this will he found to be true, and a cassation of the unlawful practices thereby will re sult. It. lit conclusion, Germany’s atten tion is called to the earn stness of the government and the people of the United iShates in this situation, it is made plain that the United States will leave nothing undone either in diplo mat is representation, or other action, to obtain a compliance by Germany to tlte request made. The note throughout is cottohed jn friendly tones but is unmistakably firn, By the suggestion that German submarine commanders must have misunderstood their instructions, or that the German government could not have intended to destroy innocent lives, room is given for a disavowal tv Get many of the practices in the war zone and an assurance that fu ture attacks will be prohibited. In executive quarter intense Inter est prevailed today, and news of what the American note contained, was eagerly sought by officials in the gov CONTINVED DX PAflfE SIX. Haytfood Has a Cure For Industrial Unrest Washington, May 12.—<A revolution tnat would wiipe out America’s pies ent industrial and political system and establish an ideal era of freedom was described to the federal commission on industrial relations today as the t it into te object of the Industtial Workers of the World by William D. Haywood, its secretary and treasurer. A world in which labor organized into r vast, compact union should con trol fill the means of production and In which there should he no surh thing ,i- “capital" was held up by Haywood as bis land of promise, lie declared that oa|\ Inn lacailile war between la mr and capital, ending with a great general sttike and confiscation o, the mean* of production could bring the workers to that idea! existence. This Is a class struggle idat must go on,' he told the con. Mss on. 'There i to h,. no identity of in rest betw en li t womers. who have only tliefr labor piwer and such men as Roc-kefeHer r.r,,1 Morgan and their stockholders who contribute nothing to production. The struggle will go on despite every thing this commission can do or rec ommend to congress. Labor must fight for what eaipital now controls, the means of production, tools, machinery and all of those tilings which should be controlled by labor alone. "I have had a dream of a new So society some time in which there will be no strugle between capital and la -lior There will be no gov rnment. no states as we know them now. Con gress will be made up not of lawyers and preachers, 'but of experts from all branches it Industry come together for the good of all the people.’’ Commissioner Weinsloek questioned Maywood as to what methods would! be employed to bring about this change ‘1 believe In any kind of tactic*" waul the witness "I don’t care if It means revolution Thai’s all ” | GERMANS WITHDRAW WARNING ADVERTISEMENTS Washington, Way 12.—The Ger man embassy tonight notified by letter and telegraph newspapers in all of the larger cities of the United States to discontinue the i ublicatlon of its advertisements warning Americans against trans Atlantic travel on belligerent ships. No reason for discontinuing tlit? advertisements is given in tlie let ters and telegrams but it was stat ed at the embassy tonight that it was considered to have been suffi cient. SENATIIR IIWEN LOOKS FOR WISE SOLliriflN BRANDS SINKING OF LUSITANIA AN ACT ILLEGAL. INHUMAN AND BARBAROUS. Muskogee, Ok la.. May 12.—United States Senator Hol-ert U Owen or Oklahoma, in a dictated, authorized in terview tonight branded the sinking of the Lusitania an act "illegal, in human and barbarous," and declared that tlie country should rely upon the wise solution which the president of th eUnited States will doubtless of fer.” I have no doubt," Senator Owen said, "that the president of the Unit ed States, realizing his grave respon sibility. lias daily prayed to the Great Father of men for guidance.” If his advice in the situation were asked, Senator Owen said, he would recommend that the United States call the attention of Germany to the many violations of international law," that it "demand disavowal fr m Germany of any purpose to thus kill | neutrals"; that it "demand the Ger-1 man government instruct its subordi nate commanders to respect American' lives in the future" and that the pr si dent should then send copies of the note to neutral nations 'with the re quest that they adhere to its i. rinci ples.” Declaring that he should hesitate to indicate "the next step" in the ev. nt German!'s reply was unsatisfactory. I Senator Owen said "the Unit'd States could lie of the greatest ser vice to the human race by retaining self-control and not sweeping into a war of passion. lie asserted that no nation would doubt the ‘courage, resolution or gi gantic power of the United States gov ernment," and said that the (people of the country should remember that the United States note to Germany would also affect the nation's relations with the allies, and said that the "afflict ed fee: mg of the German pqpple must lie taken into account." PRIZE FIGHTS LEGAL IN 'CUBA ’Havana, May 12—That the holding of prize fights in Cuba is legal was decided today by the supreme court. The court rendered their decision in dismissing a test complaint arainst Govei nor Bustillo of Havana Province charging that he was guilty of an in fraction of the law by •personally at tending the recent fight between Jess \Yiil«rd and Jack Johnson AUSTRIANS FORCED BACK RUSSIANS MAKE GAINS IN EAST ERN GALICIA. CAPTURING MANY PRISONERS. FIERCE FIGHTING IN FLANDERS Heavy Fighting Is Reported on the Gallipoli Peninsula and the Darda nelles—Fleet Has Again Commenced Bombarding Forts in the Narrow*. London. May 12. 'Another big bat tie bas 'been added to those taking .place in Flanders and western Gali cia, the Russians having taken the of fensive in eastern Galicia, Bukodina and along the Dniester river. According to the Russian report the Muscovites have driven the Austrians hack along a front of over forty miles, capturing many prisoners and making a great haul of booty. The Russians also are said to have taken energetic action against the Germans who raid ed their Baltic .provinces and to have recaptured the town of Shavli, while in Central Poland they are on the of fensive along the Bznra river. Heavy fighting also is reported from the Gallipoli peninsula and the Dar danelles where the Anglo-French troops on Friday last had advanced to i he vicinity of Krithia. som > fivp miles from the point where they land ed and from the entrance o! tlie straits. Since then the fleet has re commenced a heavy bombardment of the forts in the narrows, an indication it is believed here, that the troops have got in *u<-h good positions that they no longer require the su port of the ships’ fire. The greatest interest, however, cen ters in the great battles which are •being fought from the Belgian coast to Arras in northern France, and the 'battle in western Galicia, where the Russians are s‘>i falling back before tlie onslaught oi .lie Germanic allies. In the battle in Flanders the Ger mans continue their attacks against the British lines east of Ypres, where they on Saturday and Sunday and al most daily sin'-e then have launched tremendous attacks. These attacks, according to the narrative of the of ficial British "eye witness” issued to night, had some initial success, but since have been repulsed with unvary ing regularity until the "ground is literally heaped with dead.” The narrative says the action " re solved itself on our part into pure killing." The "eye witness" adds that the de fenders also stiff- red heavy losses as they had to counter attack in an at tempt to regain ground won at the start by the Germans, which they still hold. Farther south towards Arras and RooseOelt Offered to Go After Wilson and Tear Him to Pieces Syracuse, X. V„ May 12.—A wit ness for William Barnes swore in the supreme court here today in the trial of Mr Barnes libel suit against Tueodore Booeevelt that 'ess than a year ago Colonel Roosevelt agreed that the republican party needed him and said that he would "go af ter President Wilson with his Pitts burg speech on the foreign treaties and tear hitn to pieces. Then, de clared this witness, tlie former presi de nt asserted that after what had happened at Chicago in 1912 the republican party was not big enotig.i to hold him and Mr. Barnes. The witness was John W. Hutchinson, a New York lawyer, and chairman of the speaker’s bureau of the republi can state committee from 190f! until 1912 Mr. J^monin -on went upon the wit ness | -fund after William .1. Wool nian./a \■ w York broker had contra d'ctell the statements made last week In William J T.oeb, private secyitiiy to Colonel Roosevelt when he Jw a president and later eo’lector of A lie port of New York. Mr, I/ien Ii-Mm ed that he talked to Mr. Barnes at'Mr Woolman's office in 1911 when t.ie state senate was deadlocked o-| the selection of a l'nlted State senator to succeed Chatinrey M. Depew. Under oath, he said he had talked to Mr. Barnes about a dead lock and that Mr. Barnes said he could do nothing at the time to end it. Mr. Woolnian said he had nev-»r seen Mr. I.oeb until November. 1912. after Woodrow Wilson was elected president Tiie majority of witnesses who preceded or followed Mr, Woolnian and Mr. Hutchinson on the stand gave testimony destined to show tnat Mr. Barnes and Charles K. Murphy of Tammany Hail were not political allies at the time of the deadlock in the state legislature, in contradiction of the witnesses who testified for Colonel Roosevelt. N. .1. Odell, former governor and republican leader of New York and at. one time member of congress, testified principally about the early politics career of Mr. Barnes and campaign contributions. He denied that any democrats “as individuals’' had contributed to the republican campaign fund In 189x and 1899 while he wii- chairman of the repute* lican state committee and stated that no promises were made in re turn foi contributions from cori*ora tions. south and east of that town, the French offensive continues to meet with considerable success although the French have lost sometreaches which they had won in front of the town of Loos. The German attacks on the British were made in anticipation of an Anglo-French offensive, which some critics believe to be "the big push" which had ibe»*n expected at this time although others are of the opin ion that General .loffre is only "nib bling" at the German lines in an ef fort to induce them to a counter at tack in which he expects them to lose heavily even when they arc suc cessful. Tlie Russians admit they arc still retreating in western Galicia while (lie Austrians and Germans make greater claim and say Fiat bes.dcs crossing the San river, they have cat - tured many towns on the northern slopes of the Carpathians and right across to the 1’olish border and arc forcing the Russians to give up mam of their hard won positions in tiles mountains. Their advance eastward has brought the Austro-Germans nearly within striking distance of Przemys! and mil itary observers believe that unless the Russians can make a stand on the river San, the fortress of Przemys!, the fall of which caused a great im pression not many weeks ago. will soon again be in the hands of iis original owners. American action with regard to the sinking of the Lusitania and the Kal ian situation are the outstanding dip lomatic features of the war The lat est cables from Rome is that the Ital ian government intends to constitute parliament an arbiter on the question of peace or war. — . .... ... . ./A ITALIAN PARLIAMENT TO DE CIDE WAR QUESTION GREAT EFFORT MADE TO EFFECT UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN GIOLITTI AND CABINET. Rome, via. Paris, May 12.—A meeting of the council of ministers held today to discuss the situation in Italy and Austria lasted over two hours. A! ils conclusion no commu nication was issued as lo the result arrived at, but it is believed a de cision was reached for the cabinet to go before parliament and submit the existing situation to that body. The newspapers make extended comments upon the fact Deputy fan i, l'oimer leader or the Social ists went to the royal palace today and remained titere for one hour. It is not know’ll yet whether Ferri saw King Victor Emmanuel or only his first aide. General Drusati. in any case the presence of tiie deputy at Die palace is considered by tiie newspapers as most significant and it is declared it may influence tiie parlianientaiy situation. Great efforts are being made in all quarters here to effect an un derstanding between the cabinet and Signor Giolitti before tiie meeting of parliinent May 21, tiie people desir ing to give the world proof of tiie unanimity of the Italian parliament at a moment which is so vita] to t.ie conntry'c future. M. De Giers, the new Russian am bassador to Italy, arrived here today. He said that he felt confident that despite the apparant difficulties Italy, fol'owing Iter true interests would join tiie allies. JONES BROTHERS ASSETS FAR EXCEEDS LIABILITIES. Fort Smith, Ark., May 12.—Jones Brothers Company, the Rogers. Ark. fruit canning corporation re cently adjudged bankrupt in the federal court here today filed with the court a schedule of their assets and liabilities, the former being given at 1272,728.(>5, and tho latter at $100,772.07. The assets include plants of the company at Rogers, St. Josepn, Mo., and Sugarland, Teas. The Tex is holdings are valued at $125,000; the Rogers plant at <50,000 and the St. Joseph plant at $8,000, -o STAY GRANTED TO DIGGS AND CAMINETTI San Francisco, May 12. Maor.v 1. Biggs and F. D. Caminetti were granted a stay of execution of their sentences under the Mann act by tlie United States circuit court of appeals today to permit appeals to the United States supreme court. TAFT WRITES WIlSON. Cleveland. May 12. Former Presi dent Taft, who i» here to address the world court congress tonight, said to day had written to President Wilson a i tter regarding the present situation with regard to Germany, but he refused \ state ti i out.uit - of i • letter, w hi«A in laid wa* I » • “ WORLD’S COURT CONGRESS IS FORMALLY LAUNCHED The Congress Plans an International Court of Justice to Which All Dis putes Are to Be Submitted. tClf-veland. May 12.—With the onion ing hero tonight of the world's court congress a movement was formally launched which its advocates claim is the greatest advance yet taken to ward lasting pence among the world powers. Prominent men from all over the country, including William II. Taft, Al ton It. Parker, Henry Clews, were present, giving assurances, Mayor Newton l> Baker said, in his welcom ing address, that the movement "is not visionary nor impracticable.” Tlie congress plans an international court of justice founded on an agree ment to which all the great powers should he signatories. All signatoiy nations would submit their disputes lo the court. One not -o doing would lie subjected to tlie comibined pressure of tile others. (Bach speaker til the opening session dwelt <>n the stable character of the congress plan. ' Tills body is not so foolish as to conceive that war will he made im possible by such a court,” said John Hays Hammond, chairman, in an ad dress opening the deliberations. “What we hope to do is to mtnitniite the possibilities of war.” I Former President Taft said: “A movement like this loses force by making claims of what It will ac complish. But we are trying to be practical. We are not rainbow chas ers ami we arp not offering a niillen iuin.” Judge Alton B. Parker responded to similar appeals He made an attack on the United States senate which he said nullified previous attempts at treat) making which would have in sured the United tfTates against war with U.reat Britain or France. He de clared that the opinion of the Ameri can people must be so decidedly moulded that when the time comes for an international agreement the Unit ed Slates will be certain to he a sig natory, the senate notwithstanding. Anti-German Feeling Grows Bitter in Alt Sections of England London, May 12 The sinking l^f tnj steamer Lusitania lias aroused to a violent climax the smouldering hatred and suspicion of Germans living in England. This animosity lias found expression during the last 24 hours in attacks on Germans, principally upon their shops in the poor quarters of Ixmlon and Liverpool*, while there have been minor disturbances in Man chester, Birkenhead, Glasgow and a few other places. Many German shops had their win dows smashed and some were pil laged. The proprietors of the simp# generally were driven away by angry crowds. None of the persons attack ed are reported to have been serious ly injured, but a considerable number were more or less beaten and had their clothes torn One or two shops have been set on fire by the rioters. A spontaneous movement has devel oped in the I .guidon market to ‘boycott subjects of enemy countries and small dealers who appeared for supplies to rwday were refused them and a num ber of them were driven away by the crowds. The ipoiiee forces of bolh London and Liverpool have been depleted by enlistments in tile army anj special constables have been called out to help the regulars. Many or the disturbers of the peace were brought before the police courts today utid received (punishment in sen tences ranging from four months im prisonment, imposed on one Liverpool woman, to a four shillings fine. In several instances English, Swiss and Russian shops (bearing Teutonic names have been mistaken by the rioters for German establishments and suffered the sanio damage as the German establishments. There was a rumor tonight that or ganized riots would be started at mid night and large forces of police and constables were (Placed on duty. The anti-German feeling is in no wise confined to the lower classes of the population. There lias been a gen eral demand by tile newspapers for the Internment of all subjects of the enemy countries and agitation by sev eral members of parliament Induced the premier to summon a special cabi net meeting today to consider the mat ter. After the meeting Premier As quith made a statement in the house of commons foreshadowing that the; government will carry out the popular demand for .placing these aliens In con centration camps. The police of Manchester today ar rested thirty German shopkeepers with a view to interning them for their own safety. Other Germans have vol untarily sought i>olioe protection in London and Liverpool. The London stock exchange and oth er markets and the IJverpool cotton exchange have excluded Germans and Austrians, lioth naturalized and un naturalized, from membership. The government did not call upon the military until lale tonight when! the riots at south end provlked by a U Y-t nmiif airship raid in which an old womttt Jfcaa killed, led (he general soldiers , in eha'1 Two important demonstrations will be held in 'Ixmdon tomorrow to advo eate measures for the control of the ' alien residents. One will be a meet ing at the Mansion house with the U)Kl Mayor In the chair. l>ord Charity Beicsford and Sir Henry- Dalxiel w be among the speakers. \ petition 'nill lie presented in ■;>; liament for the internment of alie of military age and the removal others, (both men and women, to a d lance of thirty miles from the com The petition calls attention to tin* I numiber of alien enemies at large in kl Kngland and says the danger of es- jl pionage is an; arent. . ■ The other meeting will he held at * Tower Hill, the historic site of many previous gatherings when popular movements were afoot. \A procession headed by the stock brokers will form in front of the royal exchange and proceed to Tower Hill where the reso lution will be put demanding that the government take immediate ste,>s to intern or deport all alien enemies. I lie re has also been a demand that tlie German emperor, the German down Prince, the Emperor of Aus tria and Prince Henry of Prussia be in some way deprived of their honors as knights of the garter. The sinking of the LtUltanil la nJfjj alone responsible tor the presj'Jlir'TCt. breaks. They are the cliniM-Tof th« feeling kindled by the sink fug of nnr ehant ships an 1 many iJtsliing trawl-' ers with loss of life, they suffering of soldiers poisoned by Getrman gases and tlie Zeppelin excursions, all of which the newspapers Have been de-' noiiin ing as violations i,f the usages' of civilized warfare. " In many ports of Lot/don tonight at t.-mipts were made to rfe.sume the riot mg which commenced last nitrht and continued throughout today but the police, reinforced by apfeclal constables and otherwise, being (prei>ared, were (better able to cope with the dlstuiib ances. Many persons who took part in the rioting were arrested. In almost ev* ery case women, girls and boys were the chief trouble makers and when a shop was broken into they looted its contents, whether they were bread, meat, furniture, or barbers’ imple ments. No distinction was made by the mob between Germans and persons or Ger. °man descent, some of the shops dam aged belonging to men born in this country or German ,iarents. A Ger man name on a signboard was suffi cient to bring an attack. Hi one case the sufferer was the town councillor of Poplar, wbo was lK>rn in England and has associated himself with the -public lige of the borough all his life. Unfortunately for himself, he bears a German nunie. In this same neighborhood women attacked the wives of aliens in their homes, chased them through the streets and threw their be Ion slurs iuto the roadways.