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All the War News ' WEATHER
The Sentinel-Record prints all th* F O R E C A S 1" war news up to 2:30 each morning, two hours later than any other news paper reaching Hot Springs. When Washington, May 13. Forecast for you read It lu this pspsr you are Arkansas: Fair Friday and Satur reading the latest. THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPIilN GS THAT RECEIVES THE FELL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. day VOLUME XXXIII. HOT SPRINGS. ARKANSAS, FRIDrt Y MORNING, MAY 14. 1915. NUMBER 45. ITS OF AMERICANS TO TRAVAL THE HIUH SEAS ARE PROCLAIMED Much Looked For Note to Germany Touching Sinking of Lusitania is Given Out By Secretary Bryan. Attention is Called to the Series of Attacks1 Made on American Vessels and the Destruc tion of American Lives-Declares German Government Will Be Held to Strict Ac countability for Infrengment on America’s Rights. ^ s' Washington, May 13. — Th * finite 1 -uiv I .tupoi jitaiuu.iaAoS s.iibis fbassador Getard for presentation to the German government a note call ing attention to the grave situation which has resulted" from violation of American rights on the high seas cul minating in the sinking of the Lusi tania with a loss o'^more titan one hundred American lives. The comiminle it ion expresses th ■ confident expectation of the United' IStates "that the imperial Gentian gov ernment will disavow the acts of (which the government of the United IStates complains, that they will make reparation so far as reparation is Pus sible, for injuries which are without measure, and that they 'ill take? im mediate steps to prevent the recur —• —n of anything so . bviou.dy sale versive of the principles of warfare for which the imperial German gov ernment in the 'past so wisely and so firmly contended.” In its conclusion the note stales that “the imperial German government wvi 1 not expect the government of the United Hiatts to omit any word or any act necessary to e performance of its sacred duty of maintaining the tights of tlie United States and its citizens, and of safeguarding th ir free exeicise and enjoyment." the full text of tlie note was made 'public tonight by the stale department as follows: “Department of State. Washington, May 13, 11115. “The Secretary of State to the Amer ican ambassador at Berlin: “Please call on the minister of for eign affairs and after reading to him this communication, leave with him a on y. In view of recent aits of the Ger man authorities in violation of Amer ican rights on the high seas, which culminated in the torpedoing and sink ing of tlie British steamship Lusitania on May ", 1915, by which over 100 American citizens lost their lives, it is clearly wise and desirable that the government of the United States, and the imperial German government should come to a clear and full under standing as to the grave situation whir'h has resulted. "The sinking of the British passen ger steamer Falaba by a German sub marine on March 2S, through wliic i i-con C. Thresher, an American citi zen was drowned; the attack on April 28 on the American vessel Gushing by a German aeroplane; the torpedo ing on May ) o’ the American vessel Giilfllght by a German sivlunarln , as a result of which two or more Aim if can citizens met. death, and, linally, the torpedoing and sinking of the steamship Lusitania, constitute a se ries of events which the government of the I’nited States lias obseived with concern, distress and amaze ment. '‘'Recalling the humane and enlight ened attitude hitherto assumed by the ini|ieria| German government in mat ters of international right, an 1 paiticu larly with regard to the freedom of the si as; having learned to recognize the German views and the German in fluence in the field of international obligation as always engaged upon the side of justice and humanity; a..d having understood th,. instructions of the inn erial German government to its naval commanders to he upon the same plane of humane action prescrib ed by the naval codes of other na tions, tIre government ot the I'nited States was loath to believe it cannot now tiring itself to believe—that these acts so absolutely contrary to the rules, the practices and the spirit ot modern warfare, could have the conn* tenance or sanction of that gr at gov ernment. It tools it to lie its duty, theinfore, to address the imperial Ger man government concerning them with t’he utmost frankness and in the earnest hope thai it is not mistaken in expecting action on the >art of the imperial German government which will'correct the unfortunate impres sions which have been created aotd vindicate once more the position oi that government vv.tii regard to the sacred freedom of the seas. Tiie government of the United States has been apprised that the ini perial Herman government considered themselves to he obliged by the extra o dinary circumstances of the present war, and the measures adopted by their adversaries in seeking to cut Kiermany off from ail commerce, to adopt methods of retaliation which go much beyond the ordinary methods of warfare at sea, in the proclamation of a war zone from which they warn ed neutral sliiips to keep away. This government has already taken occa sion to inform the imperial Herman government that it cannot admit the adoption of such measures of such a warning of danger to operate as in any degree an abbreviation of the rights of American shipmasters or of American citizens hound on lawful errands as passengers on merchant s'.il; s of ibdligerent nationalities; and French Claim DecisiOe Victory OOer Germans Paris, May l.’S.— The following off, dal communication was issued to night: "The Belgian army by a new attach last night on the right batik of tlie? Yser, repulsed the enemy, who left in retiring several hundred dead on the ground. "In tlie north of Arras we have ob tained some new and important re sults. In the capture of t’arency, there has fallen into our hands much war material which it lias not yet been possible to enumerate complete ly. It included two cannon, one how itzer. two mortars, a dozen bomb throwers, a large number of machine guns, .l.i'Oti rifles ami large sum l,es of cartridges In the wood of Hill 12'> we found the bodies of three companies of tier mans w ho had been annihilat' d b> our artillery. "The enemy bombarded f'arceuy this afternoon but without result. As masters of Careney we have progress ed toward the nortli where we have es tablished ourselves in Alliaiu St Na zalre. which we hold, with tile ex ception of some houses along the river. Around these ttie struggle still con tinues. We made several hundred piisoners. During his retreat *4he enemy set fire to half the villag-, “At Neuville St. Vast we occupied new groups of houses tu tile northern part of the village The numb r of cannon and howitzers of large calibre taken was 1". "In Hie Argonne at Bagatelle we repulsed two (let-man attacks -one at night: the other in the day. The lat ter was very violent “The success reported t ils morn lug in the fore t of l.epretre lias ilia ie us masters of the last (iemiun eras i gallon which had still resisted in thi, wood The entire position is now in our hands" AMERICAN SHIP BLOWN UP BY GERMANS American tank steamer Gulfllght, which was blown up by n German torpedo or mine off the Scilly islands, lie low. at the left, is its commander, ('apt. Alfred Gunter, who died of heart failure, at the right, Charles C. Short of Chicago, wireless operator, who jumped overboard and was drowned. that it must hold the imperial Ger man government to a strict accounta bility lor any infringement, of those rights. Intentional or incidental. It doe not understand the imperial German government to ipiestlon those rights. It assumes on the contrary that the Imperial German government accepts, as of course, the rule that the lives of non-combatants, whether t c be of neutral citizenship or citizens of one of die nations at war. cannot aw fully or rightly he put in jeopardy by the capture or destruction of a unarmed merchantman and recognize also, as all other nations do. tie- oibii Ration to take the us.ua precaution of visit and search to aseeitain whether a sos looted merchantman is in fact of belligerent nationality, or is in fact carrying contraband of war under a neutral flag. "The government of the 1'nited States therefore desires to call the at tention of the imperial German gov ernment with the utmost earnestness to the fact that the objection to their present method of attack against the tiade of their enemies lies in th' I; radical impossibility of employing submarines in the destruction of com merce without disregarding those rules of fairness, reason, justice and humanity which ail modern opinion regards as imperative. It is practical ly impossible for the officers of ' a submarine to visit a merchantman at sea and examine her papers and cargo. It is practically impossible for them to make a prize of her and if they cannot put a prize crew on hoird of her. they cannot sink her without leav ing iter crew and all on board of her to the mercy of the sea in her sma'l boats. These lads, it is understood, tlie imperial German governm nt frankly admits. We are informed tlint in tiie instances of which we have sp oken time enough for even that poor measure of safeti was not given, and in at hast two of the cases cited no so much as a warning was received. Manila.-tiv submarines cannot he used against merchantmen as the last few weeks lias shown, without an inevit able violnf ’a of man> s icred prin ciples of nt dice and humanity. ] “American citizens ait within their indisputable rights in taking tliui: ships and in travelling wherever th it legitimate Ibuslness calls them upon tiie high seas, and exercise thos rights in what should be the well jus tified confidence that their lives will not be endangered by acts done in clear violation of universally ackm wl edged international obligation, and certainh in the conf.deuce that their own government will sustain them jn the exercise of their rights. "There was recently published in Hie newsiwpers ot the I'nited Slat -s. I regret to inform the imperial Her man government, a formal warning, purporting to come from the imperial Herman embassy at tNashington. ad dressed to the people of the I'nited Staffs wiio exercised the right of free travel upon the high seas wou'd do so «t his ipertl if his journey should lake him within the zone of waters within which Hie imperial Herman navy was using submarines against the commerce of Croat Britain and France, notwithstanding Hie rosier* ful but very earnest protest of his government, tlie government of the I’nit&a state-- 1 do nut refer to this for Jie purpose of calling the atten lion Inf the im-peria Herman g vent mu/ at till time to tie surpri ns irr<Mularit> of a communication f■ uni th<f imperial Herman <m a■ -> m \V| uigton addressed to the peop'e of It te i u tad State* i in igh t te ntv» (papers, hot only for (lie 'purpose of I , , INTI VI l-:l> i IN f \ It ft- HIT | \ American Ambassador in London is Appealed To By Riot Victims Loudon, May Id The statement of Premier Asquith in the house of com mons today that ali aliens of eti m> countries of military age would be in terned and that this all plied to those naluialized against whom these was any suspicion and that the oth rs would he repatriated has satisfied those i] ersons w ho were agitating rot some drastic action. i \s a result the riots iji London and •provinces have largely subsided Kucli I a thing as did take place today aml| tonight was carried on by mobs of hoys, girls and women who were out lor him in nt on looting Herman shops while men stood by laughing. The po lice strongly, reinforced by spenial const aides, w ere lietter able to handle the situation today. Following the wild scenes oi yes terday and last night some five hun dred or more active participants in attacks on Herman Shops appealed in the police court of London to lay and tin magistrates reed them sentence lectures and imposed heavy tptnalli s in most eases. Some of the more culpable were sentenced to jail terms at hard labor the sentences ranging from a month to four months. Oth i is, chiefly women, were fun d. When men of military age appeared b Tore tlu magistrate they were told sharply that the best way to get icvenge oil the Hermans was to enlist. it is notable that no complaints have been recei 'od of aliens suffer ing from persii.al injury. Of the many hundreds who appeared at the \rnerican embassy i tip consulate to day seeking protection none showed signs of having been engaged in an ifeounter. but they desired compen sation for the damage done their p-cierty and assurance that there would he no reuetith n of the nttaiks. At South lind Hie authorities took a n ore serious v:ew of the case as nii ry of the men ar. ci ted were pront r>f it citizens wno were angered by t’l" recent Zeppelin raid. They were remanded for a week and heavy bail was demanded. The commissioner of police of Lon don tonight issued orders for the ai rest of subjects of all enemy coun tries of military age. It is expected all these will be arrested or volun tarily surrender within a few days. There was a marked diminution in rioting in London and the provinces today. This was largely due to a downpour of rain which last> «l through the day. in Hie east end of London tonight, however, there was again con siderable disturbance. Many house were wrecked. In most cases the premises belonging to Hermans were shuttered and barricaded Other stores bearing signboards w itli Her man 118RH s on them exhibited larg' notices reading, "Tais is not a tier man shop." Feeling in the east end of l.ond >n still runs high hut It is supposed that the fiim attitude of the magistrates in imposing heavy fines and sentences of imprisonment and the internment of tbs' aliens will bring about a , hang ' in Hie order of things. ^-NTIGERMAN RIOTING IN SOUTH AFRICA riui'i'town, via London, May 111, 11:20 p.in.- Anti-German rioting broke out Imre tonight and a number of promi nent German business establishment wi re wrecked, looted or set on fire. The rioters paraded in unorganized bauds and for a time the police were able to control them, but the number of bands increased s,> rapidly that they got out of hand, necessitating the calling out of the military to patrol the streets, ENGLISH WOMEN DEMAND THAT GERMAN BE BANISHED London, May LI. While Premier Asquith was telling the house of com metis today trial the government hail decided to intern or segregate sub jccl - ol enemy countries a meeting ut ibi' Mansion house cal cd to "forum ial< a protest by the women of Great Britain and Ireland" adopted with etc Gin-,,asm a resolution demanding that steps be taken to free the country from the menace of the alien enemy in our midst." Lady Glauiik. wife of Baron Glan usk, ord lieutenant of Brecknool, in moving the resolution said an us to.inning state of affairs hail been dis closed in a letter which she had re ceived from a survivor of the Lusi tainia writteen at Kinsale. Vi u can imagine my feelings on re coveting consciousness” the letter reads, "to find tnat I was in a hotel run by a German." The :ord mayor of London who pro sided at the meeting said the women weie right in seeking while the sol diers were fighting that their iionie shoulil in- protected from the dangt r involved l:y the presence of so many German subjects in the country. SUBMARINE REPORTED IN THE MEDITERRANEAN London, May 14.—"Owing to the re ported presence of German subma rines in the Mediterranean," says Reu ter’s Athens correspondent, the Brit ish legation has issued a notice through the local press offering a re ward of $2.raid to tiny one supplying in formation which will lead to their de struction." ITALIAN CABINET HAS RESIGNED i London, Mm If, 2:2o am.—-The Italian cabinet lias resigned. "The council of ministers,” says Reuter's Rome correspondent, "con -idering that it did not possess the unanimous a- ■ ut of the constitution al parties regarding its international |wi i > "liicL the utavlty Of tile Hit mi (ton is decided to hand Its lestgnatioT to the king An official noli- to tha- effect was i-..-.ued tonight The kiny t •- reserved his decision a- 111 « lli-t ,V ! res lltii 111 W ill be accepted " 1 RUSSIAN LOSSES WERE HEAVY IN IIEEENT BATTLE Germanic Allies Estimate Their Cap tures at 150,000 Men, 69 Guns and 255 Machine Gun£. British Lose Another Battleship in Their Attack on the Dardanelles—Russians Admit Losing^ Much Ground Which They Had Won By Slow Hard Fighting. London, 'May L’>, ip.m.—Vis Haldane, lord high chancellot in the house of lords, today Intimated that tile government was considering tlie necessity of departing from the voluntary system of military enlist ment and resorting to universal ser vile throughout the kingdom. For Hie present, he said, the hands of tlie war office was full wifli the men they possessed, lull it might lie necessary to reconsider the situation in Hi 1 light of tlie tremendous neces sity with which the nation was con fronted. This apti ears to confirm the idea 'prevalent here that while recruiting lias lieon sufficient, ti e very heavy fighting which at’-) hem taking place in Flanders where the Hermans have for almost a week been attacking with the greatest violence the British line, shows,'hat many more men will lie required if victory is to he attained. Thus far tlie British troops, aecord i:g to Field .Marshal Sir John French, have withstood all tlie Herman on slaughts and while at times they have been compelled to give some ground, their counter attacks have brought (item hack to the position from which tlev started. However, this has been • stly business for the H< rrnan artW lerv I sun bird ment has ! ecu very se vcre ami counter attacks are always followed by heavy casualty lists. In their attempt of October and No veratber last to reach Calais t lie tier, reuiis continued their attacks for six weeks. hut the allied force was much weaker then and the German? were not in tile position of having to meet counter offensive as they have nouv to the north of Arras in the Woevre and at other points along the western front. Of these the most important is that which the French are carrying out from Arras to the point Where their line Joins the tiritish and in which they continue to meet with unvarying success. They report again today the capture which the Germans admit—of very strongh fortified positions and one road at hast which the Germans have been using to bring up reinforcements •to tlieir positions near lacliasse. There fore it is believed here that the French successes will lighten the pres sure which the Germans are bringing io boar on the British around Ypres. The Austro-German offensive con linnes in western Galicia where they have driven the Russians forty miles •IMink from their old positions and to within 25 miles of Przemysl. The fighting lias become less intense and the Germanic allies have been able to estimate their captures, which they state amount to some 150,000 men, fi'J guns and 256 machine guns. The small numlber of guns in comparison with the iprisonors would seem to in dicate that the Russians have made an orderly retreat. The Russians claim that they are now in a position to prevent a further advance By the Germans and Aus trians tint as it Is they have lost much ground which they had won by I hard, sR>w fighting. serf that as n tensive the Am# ans have commenc ed a dlsordferly/ treat. Fighting con tinues in Counand and In the neigh borhood of the Nlemen river. Another battleship, the Goliath, the third tliat the British have lost since the attack on the Dardanelles began, lias been torpedoed by the Turks and/ of (lie crew or 700 or more only 18IT, ineluding 110 officers, were Baved. While tlie Goliath was an old vessel, she was very useful for the work tq which she had been assigned and the* loss in men is serious. jA' 13 There some consolation to from 'Dardanelles, that a British submarim^H in a daring dash through the strait' into the sea of Marmora torpedoedv two Turkish gunboats and a large transport This probably is the sub- ^ marine which the Turks thought they had sunk but which apparently suc ceeded in getting back through tiie mine-strewn passage. William Barnes Flatly Contradicts RooseOelt On Witness Stcfciit* Syracuse, N. Y„ May 13.—'William Barnes, former chairman of th<; reipuls lican state committee, spent two hours on ttie witness stand today in his li'hel suit against Theodore Roosevelt lie contradicted wholly or in part va rious portions of the testimony of (Colonel Roosevelt and gave his own version of several incidents described by .Mr. Roosevelt. Mr, Barnes swore that he did not talk to Colonel Roosevelt about the Franchise tax bill prior to its pass age. He denied emphatically that he had asked the then governor of New York not to sign the bill. Wiith equal emphasis he denied that he had ever told Colonel Roosevelt that men iden tified with big business interests con tributed to both (parties in order to gain protection and (hat it it was not given them they would cease to con tribute, that he had urged the 'reap pointment of I>ou Payn as state su perintendent of Insurance and that tie had dismssed executive and legisla tive matters with Colonel Roosevelt "on many occasions.” He said he had done none of these or a half dozen other things the colonel describ' d him as having done. He did however, declare by direct inference that lie considered Colonel j Roosevelt the leader of tell ret nbli can party in this state from Ishm! to lulu. And he said he visited the white house in lank at the request of the president and was urged to see Aug ust Belmont about the race track hill. t l Ho quoted Colonel Roosevelt as say ing that t!ie bill must n>e defeated. This was the hill whleh Railed of pass age because of the vote ,'of state Sen ator Crattan, who Recording to previ ous testimony changed iis mind aibout voting ror it afh»r an alleged talk with .Mr. Barnes the flight before It came up for consideration. $4 for the statement accredited to him by Colonel Roogfvelt that the pt>ople "were not fit to govern them selves," Mr. Barnes declared he never said it. Mr. Barnes painted in words a pic ture of his political career and gave his ideas about political organization, lu this connection he said: "1 told '.Mr. Roosevelt as I have told a. great many omers tnai it we were to maintain in this country a system of party government, organization was necessary; that no movement could over come to achievement unless it was organized. The idea that the peo ple can move without order or policy is absurd upon its face. 'They must have leaders or they do not move at all and no party move ment or any other movement can progress unless it 1s financed by peo ple whose hearts are in the work and who are willing to give to the cause for which they stand. No organization can succeed unless attended by men who are willing to give their entire time to the work. I have said as I say now that no party, whatever It bn (■•IM’INI'RK OX I'.vdK KltillT.