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^^^he Scot tael-Record print* alt th« ^war news 'i| " fa .1 nuirnlu*, two hours later than any other news paper reaching Hot Springs. When yon read It In tola paper yon are reading the latest. WEATMER FORECAST Washington, May 29.—Forecast for Arkansas: Fair Sunday, thunder shower* at night or Monday, VOLUME XXXIII. TWELVE PAGES HOT SPRINGS. ARKANSAS. SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 30. 1915. TWELVE PAGES NUMBER 59. GERMANY’S REPLY TO U. S. NOTE WILL BE LVASIVI Indications Are That it Will Be in the Nature of Asking Questions About the -Sunken Lusitania. A Grave Factor Has Been Added to the Situa tion By Finding of Commission That the Amer ican Steamer Nebraskan Was Torpedored By a Submarine- None of the Government Officials Would Make a Statement Washington, May 2f>—Until the of ficial text of the German reply !«> the American note a no ruin/ viol-, tions of neutrali'y rights in “te war zone Is received, i roon y t-'ii >rrov.. President Wiis.m will reserv. corn km nt. This word came from the white else ton if; it t ai-ter , rt ■> dispntc am * German note were te rns lest of To mi, *.>-> -x i• \ • r tii • t >e i les government is prep .re I to I invert . me of til. Sntioned In he imt.u>i v o< ' » 1: r niun position i s ;.i>Uu I he’e The press outline conforms with Am sador Gerard’s diapa-_• i?s of the W»- days fcrntustlne t!u> nature the German reply. Evidence of an indisputahle cuariie ter was gathered by ■ Washington government prior to ,he sending o! tlie note of May id, to pr>v' that the Lusitania carried no g ins, eitner mounted or unmount' d, that she car ried no explosives within to in aning of American statutes atic, that no British vessels have c!e.t ei for American torts for sevrra months carrying guns of any th faciei-. Tlie British am1«ss:id>r >ro is pr • LU tenia was not armed n i that sh ■ could not lie carried on the uavil lists as an auxiliary cruiser unless she wi re armed and commissioner. ' i latter change from a peaceful m t chant man to an auxiliary cr li.-er ing lossible, accord ug to Bri'.isii practice, only in liotne ports. The United States, moreover, ’ that the carrying of arms or ainmnni tion or other contraband or a few on amp (I individuals wiio might he pros pective soldiers, does not destroy tht i Unit under international law and hu nmnity of tlie belligerent meichant men to lie visited and searched liefori being <1*1 stroyed and the neutral or non couitlwuant passengers trail fired to n place ot safety. While the exact pnraseology of th German reply is awaited with much interest, there was a fe ling of • essi ntisni in many quarters over tlie re ported evasion of Une i<Lnt Wil^m's demand for reparation for tlie loss of more than 100 American lives and guarantees that submarine warlurqi would lie so conducted in tae future us to safeguard American lives and A grave factor lias been added to the situation by the finding ot the \ me r lean commission appointed by Virtbassador I’age that tli.' American steamer Nebraskan was torpedoed by a submarine. In German quarters the claim was persistent that the vessel struck a mi ne. Inasmuch as submarines of t.ie al died powers have not attacked mer chantmen, tlie presumption of offi cials is similar to that reached aft r an investigation of the attack on the Gulflight—that a (ierman submarine was responsible and an inquiry to the German foreign office f r its report on the ease was expected. The ; re.ponderam e of evidence showing an attack on the Nebraskan, admittedly increased the tension In re. Unions w (i Germany. In Geinaait quarters it was suggested that if the snip was attacked by a German suit marine tne commander may have been away front his base too long to learn of the new devoir meats and the precautions to be taken with re spect to neutral ships. The fact that the Nebraskan hud hauled down her flag at dawn wa- also no atoned a-, a possible reason for suspecting sh was an enemy vessel althou ;h Cap tain Greene in liis affidavits said the name of it is sb n was , ainted op iter sides in letter.- ix f.-et h g.i ind tliat it was possible fur .1 .-noma, tt commander to see them. Incidents the stauj department received from \nii»assador Gerard today a circular issued by thf- Gi rman government warning neutral vess. 3 to kee: their names Hiuminated at night and to bear as many distinguishing nniras a lossible because of tile , osslbi ty of mistaken ullacks. Secretary ltryan deed n d to cm ntent on tlte Nebiaskan case. While officials did not are to com ment on the German reply until th y hod read the ti xt. forecast of its co 1 tents was looked upon in well in formed quarters as not d fficult to answer because the American govern ment had made a careful investiga tion of tlie facts iti the case before sending tne note. Tlie carrying of arms and ammuni tion is not contrary to American law. as the'German te|w>rts claim. Ederal statutes being directed against the transportation of self-ex do ling ma terial. from which class official ru’ ing many years ago excluded fixed ammunition. Germany's contention that it is im possible to settle the question of (h >NTI N I ID | > ON I * A <; 10 BIGHT Much Good Results From Pan-American Financial Conference | Washington, May 29.—The l\vn f A me rim n financial con Terence ended here tonigilit after six days discus sion of problems confronting the two Americas as a consequence of the European war. Keports of Secretary MitAdoo, .pre siding officer, .will lie laid before con gress next fall. ISeoretary McAdoo said he would urge upon tlie president the need of continuing the work ci tne confer ence. He pointed out the delegates had no power tp take affirmative ac tion on the question of transportation but each country must deal with the mailt r. The ‘'group committees" of | the conference which have done tfi ■ real work, would lie replaced, he add ed, with permanent committee-; in the linked States to eqntinue the w rk. Frank A. Vanderlip of the National iCity Hank of New York, summarized tile View of tne representative* o till" United States torolght in the follow ing statement: 'Tin' i’an-Am. rlcan conference was a 'tapi y conception. The results ipromiso to he substantial. "Tlie conference bus Ticeti tAtarac terized by practical business sense, Tin* result's promise to bo helpful ,n giving impetus to the movement of close;- trade relation's. "There was one point on which ev ery member in attendance at the* conference seemed to agree—that tV greatest obstacle in the way of trad ' development is a lack of trails nuta tion facilities. ‘Tnere were divisions of opinion as to how to meet the demand but tber-1 was unanimous agr . nu nt that it must Ice met before really print re sults tiro attained." A resolution by President John It. Fahey of the Chamber of On mm re of the United State 8 was adopt 'd pledging the support of that organ /alion to further a better understand ing between the two America-. Mr. Fahey will meet in \b w York m \i 'week with Mr. Vandrrltp and S nor Aldao. of the Argentine representa tives. to draft a code to govern the settlement of coinmerriai disputes by arliftrat ion. The conference ended tonight wit i a banquet in the Pan? American I'nioi-i building On Mon a> ilit* del egates will start on a two week; t.uir ! of the middle west and cast. RUItvo OF COLON AFTER GREAT FIRE >g<X.vy.y.v.V. AVA AW.‘AV,W.\V^,‘,V.'. • ■ •'imwvwni'<ww»w More than half of the city of Colon, Panama, was destroyed hy the recent great conflagration. The photograph gives a view of the ruins from Lolivar street, looking toward Cristobal. The ruins of ti e market arc seen iu the background. President Wilson to T)e~ mand Settlement of Mexican Problem. Washington, May 29.—(Announce* mo lit that President Wilson would de mand a settlement of tho Mexican problem by tli warring factions them selves wittiin a short time and falling that, a i<». t some means, not defined as jet, to bring about peace, has de veloped acute interest in offi- al and diplomatic ipiatters as to tli • pro - pectivc action ot the United States. The president’s appeal for fund and supplies to relieve the starving population of Mexico, the r oration at the white house of a tat tin nt to tie communicated to all nr.IP.ar> 1 ad ers in Mexico next Tuesday and ar rangements of the American lied | Cross for a huge relief sv/ieme, arc! the first steps in a policy which, it I becalm known today. Presidi nt W I son lias had under consideration for some time with the ohji t of rc-t n ing peai e in Mexico. r|fie text of t in' pn c-i U*n i s fort ii- j 0 o mil. .1; statement i an oft' <ial s»‘-1 riot, but from those who advised with him prior to its preparation, it is un derstood Mr. Wilson will address n 1 only the military loaders in Mexico, lint the Mexican people and it the same time the peo, !e of tie United States, lie will review in detail tie course of the events in M< xieo s nee the assassination of Madero and S‘iu rez. and the usurpation of the ores! dencv by Huerta. The pronouncement, it is said, will call attention to the fact tint th ‘ I'nlted States governnn nt, by ref is 1 11 n to recognize Huerta, assisted in driving him out of power an i exp rt ed from Hie victorious const national ists Pile re-establishment of g. v< r - meat in Mexico. Nearly a y ar 1m ■ passed since Huerta was compelled to resign, hut the constitutionalist the statement will siy .have failed iti the meantime to restore order, eondi tions growing worse daily, with n tac tion apparently havng the oapae ty to establish a government. In view of these conditions, th1 statement will serve noti e that as the situation lias grown intol ruble, to foreigners and the Mexican pen le alike, Inc Mexican chiefs must ar range for and early solution of the (problem. Unless this is forthcom ing soon, it will he Indicated to th • military leaders in Mexico that some other means may have to be employed to assist the Mexican people. Tne president does not intend to specify this government's course for the pres ent. Officials did not deny today that ir the Mexican factions failed to e m pose the situation, tnerc wws a pos sibility of intervention by the United tftates. It was previously pointed out, how ever, that what might have been con sidered by some Mexicans as an tig gross!ve intervention has now chang ed, on account of the famine cond tions. to a humanltaran ex edition designed to save the Mexican peo ple. helpless In tlie hands of military hands. I) is even suggested in 1 informed quarters that one resit t of tlie food situation, if fam ne contin ues, would he a direct app ml to the United states government from large numbers of the Mexican people for intervention. The now phases in the Washington government’s policy may lake sev eral weeks to develop. For the pres ent. efforts will he m ule to get food to the Mexicans. The seizure by th" ICarransa authorities of Him tons o' corn purchas'd by the International roliiT I’Oinmittee Is one It- !| <•' 'll i(l t* r :l ■ t il pul II •• W ill f ' lean generals to permit the transpor tation of relief supplies or the Amer ican government may lie constrained to undertake the distribution of sup plies through its own agencies. The plan of President Wilson has been evolved after many conferences witi-h cabinet officers and others The report of Duval West, who returned last Tuesday after an investigation of. the economic and political situation in Mexico, continued the impression* of tlic president that none of th • fac ts ns seemed able to control the mil itary situation and that famine w is t< eatening in many parts of the te C white. The it" rodent is said to be hopeful that his stat ment will draw the bet ter elements of the Mexican military factions togetner into some c n structive plan for the establishment of a government that could be accord ed recognition by the United States.. Klisoe Vrredondo, head of the Car ranza agency here, issued a statement ton gin declaring every facility wou d lie afforded by General Carranza t<> carry on relief work and that Presi dent Wilson’s appeal was deeply ap preciated. General Carranza was held, in the piatean nt. to be Inro tent of any “cKrge of neglect or m d’fferenee in ei ..ne t'o> with the on fort unate fool situation and it will Ik ememhored th.it i.o sieli distress ex h D anywhere in Mexico when* the constitution'!,’-d go.-r.,ieent 's il. < ontrol." The statement announced fort ter that Carranza forces no ' r General Pablo Gonzalez were moving toward Mexico City, to lake Ihc capita! and relieve distress there. In the mean time. Mr. Arrendondo adds, no one "will ex])eet Mr. Carranza to ship from the peaceful territory under h.s eimtrol the food necessary for the jn hajldtantB of Mexico City to f ed the bandits who are res.) oucihle for the present situation." MOBS ATTACK AUSTRIANS. Milan, via Paris, May 30, 2:15 am. Mobs today attacked and Harked title residences of p< rsons of Aus trian or tieruian extraction, but in some cases thc.-e persons belonged to flaiTiilies who for many generations bad been naturalized Italians, some of them even having sons in the Italian ardny. itleneral Spingurdi has redoubled the severity of the military meas ures. Nearly l.tiOO rioteis have been arrested. BATTLING FUR PRZEMYSL GERMANS AND AUSTRIANS CON TINUE TO EIGHT DESPERATE LY TO ENCIRCLE FORTRESS. GERMAN SUBMARINE SINK ANOTHER BRITISH SHIP Russians Put Larger Forces Into the Baltic Territory and the Fortunes of War Continue to Ebb and Flow. Both French and Germans Claim Success on the Western Border. I guidon, May fit -T.ie l»alt «* for the fortress ;>1 l'rzeiuysl, in middle Ga licia, remains the outstanding fea ture of the war, There lias been heavy fighting north of Arras, where the French continue to make progress, the Ger mans admitting tonight tiaeir evacua tion of Ahlain. Hut this is u small affair compared with what is going on around I’rzemysl. The Germans and Austrians with an enormous weignt of artillery con tinue to fight desperately in an effort to eneirele the fortress already re ported under bombardment. Their armies north of ITzemysl, howeve* have apparently received a cheek. The Russians, after driving them back across the San in the ne.igltilior hood of Kieniawa, have engaged forces which crossed the river to the north and south of Jaroslau and hav been delivering furious attacks. All of these the Austrians and Germans ro.NTixricn ox iwgic r.uuiT Separate Peace Was Offered Russia Milan, Italy, via Paris. May 29.— 'Sergius Sazonoff, Russian foreign minister, interii<• w«>il l»y a oorrcs-ininli mit of Inc Secolo, is quoted as saj iiik it was true Austria and Germany attcm; ted to conclude a separate peace with Russia lint such a thing was Impossible. AH the allies are entirely in ac cord,” M, Sazonoff continued, ‘•Con sequently, the war will continue until •it is possible to conclude a really; ashing pcoce. It would he a long, hard war, us the enemy is still strong. "Kmow 1 edge of his strength must make us stronger and more per def influence In idle Ball;ana previously possessed bj Austria and Germany. The foreign minister declared that Russia had neither a moral nor a political interest in the Adriatic and 'lie said with Venice, I’ola, Vvlona and Otranto on the /Kinds of Italy, the* Adriatic might become another closed sea. Continuing, M. Sa/.onoff said: We already have two closed s ns the Baltic and th« Black sea. We do not want u third. If it were the Atlantic, then that would he differ ent, hut wiiti the Adriatic we have nothing to do. The Black sea Is a Hus an sea. .Russia cannot peimit barbarian Tur> lo this sea. i e.v to possess the key he commercial life of has suffered by t le I hirdaiuelle , wlilcii POWERFUL PLEA MADE IN BEHALF OF FRANK United States District Attorney Alex ander Implores the Governor to Com mute Frank’s Sentence. Letters Received From Governors, United States Senators, Congressmen and Newspaper Editors in Behalf of Condemned Man-Petition Con taining 800,000 Signatures Sent By the Women’s Peace Society of New York. Atlanta, (la., May 29.—Hooper Alex ander, United States attorney for tiro Northern District of Georgia, into to day filed with the state prison coin mission a plea lor commutation of l.eo M. Frank's sentence, in which he seeks to show by the testimony of I he state's own witness that Frank did not murder Mary I’hagan, but tout Janies Conley, a negro, now serving a sentence us an accessory after the crime, was the slayer, Hugh M. Dorsey, solicitor general, who prosecuted Frank, also gave out tonight his letter to the prison com mission opposing clemency for Frank, declaring "the facts and circum stances surrounding the commission of the murder do not invoke the exer cise of mercy or offer inducement to temper the t enalty," and further that the fact that Frank’s conviction lias been affirmed hy both state and federal courts, "despite the indefati gable exertions of a.s Influential fr i nds in and out ol Georgia . . . justifies my deep co.iv.ction that the ('ds of justice have been accolri p is hed by the ptoyresf of law." Mr. Alexander explicitly slates lr. his communication, which comprises Approximately 25,000 words, that he makes his appeal on Frank's behalf, not in his capacity as federal attor ney, but entirely in the capacity of a private citizen of Georgia, "who does not desire to see an innocent man liAiiged for another’s crime." His ar gument starts with tile proposition that Conley's admission t.iat he wr< te the "murder notes” found beshle Mary lliagan's body raises the con elusion that unless he jyh furnish a creditable explanation, Conley was the slayer. "The whole question,” writes Mr. Alexander, "resolves itself into an in quiry as to the truth of Conley’s story. Agreeing to the proposition that tiie presumptions are in the pres ent status in favor of its truth. I pro pose to show you. when, and why t .i • story was manufactured, and 1 shall do this; without, referring to any tes timony offered for tlie defense or stat ing any fact depending on ttiat festl mony.” In Hip effort to fulfill this .prom'se Mr. Alexander presents circumstance* tending to show why the itolice were liable to be mistaken, and why t ie public failed at the time to perceive the importance of the discovery that Conley wrote the “murder notes.’’ He also jMdiits out alleged inconsistencies in Conley's statements, and argues on the physical impossibility of material features in the negro’s story. In this connection he says: "While Conley's account of his ac France Appr Ameria Paris, May 29.—-What Americans nave done for Prance during the war was acknowledged impressively by the Prernch government and .pcopl • today in a presentation to \V. G. Sharp, the American ambassador, of four great albums containing auto graphed appreciations by eminent au thors and piets and original draw ings by artists of Prance. The al bums will be sent by Ambassador Sliarp to the congressional library at 'Washington and 5011 duplicates ar ranged for by the French government will he presented to public libraries in as many cities in the United States. The ceremony today took place in the hist,.' r am uit h< at < r of the I 'ui vcrsiity of Paris. Among the notable i ersottH present were President I*oln eulre and Mtudume Poincaire. A chorus composed of 100 stir's sang the “Star S.Htntlled Banner,” I.«on (ton nut. president of the insti tute of Prance, and Gabriel llano lions and conversations will) Frank after the murder occupied, accordin'? to him, ondly :!l minutes, they <'oul(l not have occurred within two hours. According to the testimony of the de tectives, t. would have taken more than an hour to prepare the notes alone, hut I reduce that estimate to half an hour.” Mr. Dorsey’s letter was in response to notice from the commission of the pending a] plication. “The court records of the case, which doubtless will be conr.dT«1 by you. present the details of the crime for the commission of which Frank was convicted by the courts >f this county and illustrate the conditions and circumstances under which the crime was committed,” Mr. Dorsey said in tiis letter. “I do not under stand the application for executive clemency to set up any ntw'y discov ered evidence or other groan is not heretofore considered, and fatally ad judicated by the vanious judges of all the courts, state and federal, which have declined to interfere with the verdict finding Frank gully r Tlie facts rounding the der of Mary the exercise dnceoient to the law to one convicted of the Move tnat the et ties and influence i:h> importunities or should lie permitted to <\ ’p ' "ii nf in oiTli ini I'liiiH I confess myself unable to the record of this ease a single which to justify the soP tl, charged with the enf-i inCnt of the law, in asking that of the courts shall be overrt&j den by the governor, u,»on Whom also the state constitution enjoins the sa crist obligato n to "take care that the laws are faithfully executed.” ■■“u* »» . vwiuuaii, iuuuit:i ui Mary Phaean, tonight forwarded to the commission a letter protesting against the commutation of Frank’ sentence, “In this matter 1 have bitterness,” she declared, “'but that the penalty the law has t ed is not too severe.” A letter to the commission Spencer It. Atkinson, of Atla mer justice of the statet s court, stated that during trial Judge Roan from the handed him an a threatening Judge lawyers with death i quitted. “Judge Roan at t eciates ins Kindr taiix, representing the Vre I'tii' presented the albums tJ American anilmssatkjr. When Mr. Sharp arose to respond lie was greeted by long continued applause which grew to an ovation Tvlien lie referred to the farm feeling ef sympathy of the United States for France, and said: Don't let any false prophets toll you anything different.” Continuing, Mr. Sharp said: 'It gives me great pleasure to slate that l have been s,>ectflcally autnorizod. in a message from the state that 1 have been specifically au thorized, in a message from (the state department over the signature of Mr. Hryan. to nay that the government and people of the United States deep l.v appreciate'tills new evidence of the friendly sentiment of the French •people.” The ceremony ended by M unet Sully reciting a i>oem on the United States, written for the occasion.