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to see what Is offered. Au ad in tbo . . Knyorr°crusu>mer!m0St f'1"" ^ TUE 0NLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES sZrlyVr, colder in^.t portion p—————.. I|;-'..:.lj-zll:l i i ==r— .. , , __ __" VOLUME XXXIV. TEN PAGES hot springs, Arkansas, frida y morning, February 23,1917. TEN PAGES number 229. ' ■==J5... . 11 ~"T" — e=—--=sssa ia-iam- -r—..i .. . ENTIRE CITY IS ENTHUSED BY BIO CROWD ADVANCE GUARD OF RACING PA TRONS ARRIVED AND MORE ARE ON WAY HERE, PRIVATE HOMES RAVE WELCOMED THIS ARMY Request of Business Men's League Has Met With Immediate and Gen. erous Response From Families All Over City Wh0 Have Never Before Rented Rooms But Who Desire to Help Entertain Patronage. Hot Springs this morning is cm tli ised as jt lias not been in year-. 'Phere Is a reason for this enthn— jasm, for tlm greatest crowd in tin: city's history is here. Hundreds ot jiersons w Hi arrive today, Hundreds of others will come Saturday and Sun day. This great patronage, attracted to Hot Spring-, because of the big, rare meet scheduled to njHJtt March1 7, will break all record-. Crowds have been here ere this, hut | nothing in print of numbers like Htei ia t army of pleasure seekers that | will nvik.- Hot Springs their liead- i quarters this .season, it will be a J banner .-eeoon in every -ease of the , word, it is the knowledge not alone that Mils great concourse of v.sitors 5» here at the present time, but the certainty that thousands of others a.'e on their wuy—a crowd that wilt find accommodation# in Hot Springs and enjoy it-elf for the next six weeks is no other winter and spring jiatronage lias ever done. Realizing that it would he well to call upon those who could rent rooms to asslsj in entertaining these vis,tors tttp’ Business Men’s League, with im plicit fahh in the work it had done t*> make this season a record-breaking one in patronage and business for Hot St,rings, 'saved a call to the people of the city several days ego to send in inrormauon regarding apartment* they would he willing to share with the visitors. Tlie respon-e was imme diate and most gratifying, and for the past several days the telephone at the League has been kept busy. These responses ovine from all parts of the eitv. If ever there was a “city-wide” proposition it Is represented in the desire of those who iHn do so to list their rooms with tlie Business Men's League, from which headquarter.* the past few days scores of persons have been directed to comfortable accorn modations ill all sections tf tlie city. Tlie list now at the League is a large and most commendable one. showing the great .nterest people i:i every section of tlie city are manifest ing in tlie subject, and, better still, tiiiis iJ-t is of residents not n any one section of Hot Springs, bui rep resents almost every portion of the city, covering it like a hospitable n vitat ion. Just what tlie capacity of Hot Spring* will show is important at this time. The housewives of the city have never liefcre interested them selves in tlie dual purposes of lending tiicir help to tlie entertainment ot patronage as well as sharing in tlie prosperity it brings. Now they are interested, and they are ,helpful. For instance, there was once a time when it was talked that per hap- Hot Springs could not entertain the eiowu*. .now »e kuow lliai we cuu entertain the crowds. There, tire hundreds of splendid rooms jn liome al over the city waiting for more ■arrivals. They are splendid quarters, suitable for any ;*r,‘on. And the great big feature in connection with this is that it proves to us that widen the big tied men’s convention ei mes, and when the litMMMJ club women come io tbeir national convention here, Hot Springs will prove up its facilities as they have never been proved up be fore. Tlie homes of the city are tints not alene contributing t0 entertain ment, but the hou-ewives are sharing the prosperity, and making a "pin money" ttuat helps make the season's prosperity extend to every avenue. The first special from N'ew Orleans arrived yesterday morning over the liock Island railroad, reaching here shortly after 7 o’1 lock. Two car loads of horses also came with this tr-ilu. The latter attracted no uuu-uai amount of attention as they were unloaded and went prancing down to wards Oaklawn. where they were given immediate stable room In the afternoon Fred Schroeder, «s sisuiut general passenger agent of the Iron Mountain railroad, brought the second special into this city, and later jn tlie day another heavy train came over tins line Till? morning, between 10 and *11 n'eli ck. there will come over the Rock p- land lines a special train of seven carloads of horses. These will be im mediately unloaded, taken to Oaklawn — CONTINUED ON PAGE FOUR. Allies Will Keep Germany's Possessions Simultaneous Announcement is Made By British, Japanese and Australian Ministers. ianidou, Feb. 10.—(Correspondence of the Associated Press.)—The death knell to Germany’s .colonial posses sions has been sounded so far as the entente allies can effect that result by the almost simultaneous announce ment of the British minister of eolo t ies, Mr. Long; the Japanese luini-ter of foreign affairs. Mr. Motono. mid the prime minister of New Zealand. Mr. Massey, who voiced the view of Aus tralia, as well as New Zealand. To gether these statesmen declare there will be no return to Germany of her colonies in Africa, Asia or the Pa cific. This attitude is not only held By Japan and the British colonies .’hicfly concerned, but it has the backing of the British and French governments, which have the largest interest in co lonial Africa and Asia. It develops the fact also tnat the late Asquith gov ernment was opposed to any extension of British colonial possessions in AT lira, whereas the new Lloyd-George government approves of this exten sion as in line with the aspirations of the British colonies in Africa. This in turn has established that Ihere -will lie general shifting of Af rican colonies so that the possessions of Rnglund, France. Portugal and Bel gium will be made more homogeneous instead of being as at present scat tored and irregular in outline. Japan’s attitu^ toward holding the German colony of Kiao-Chuu, iu < hina. and the Pacific islands occu pied by the Japanese fleet came up I * hep th'1 French draft of the reply to Presl.li’it Wilson was being cabled to the various entente governments fi.i- ui T.jik-iii annrnved Ids terms as far as stated, on .Serbia. Bel gium and in other respects but pointed out that the terms omitted any rr Ter ence to the German colonies of Kiao Chau and the 'Pacific i lands |u which Japan had established an interest. France and England thereupon re plied to Japan that it had been deem ed desirable in answering Mr Wilson's request for terms not to make these terms embrace everything which n ight. come up later, (but to confine them for the present to the readjust ment or territory. In Europe later on. it was pointed cut. the future of German territorial possessions outside of Europe would be considered so that Japan's rights would be properly safeguarded and se cured for future determination. This was satisfactory to Japan, which then gave its approval to the joint replj to Mr. Wilson stating the allies' main terms. The views are so uniform from all 'British. Japanese and Dominion an thorities having an interest in the l German colonies tha* retention of the colonies and a readjustment of their boundaries has- become pretty thor oughly understood. The change or the map twill be made chiefly in Africa, where the west coast now' is a patch work of little colonies alternating be tween France, Ifortugal. England and Belgium and which are expected to he merged eventually Into large con nected areas capable of development in railway, telegraph and trade com munication aii/l each part of an impe rial domain lei Africa—France In wes< England in wle east and south and Belgium an# Portugal sharing In this community#* interests U-BOATS MADE CAR SHORTAGE OVER COUNTRY RAILROADS SHOW HOW LACK OF FOREIGN SHIPMENTS MADE CONGESTION AT PORTS. GRAIN WAS TILED UT AT A NTIC PORTS General Situation as Regards Ship ment of Food Products in This Coun try Considered Much Brighter With Order in Force to Return All Empties Promptly. New York, Fob. 2.’.-The effect on the export trade from Boston, i'hil deipliia, Baltimo.e, ati^d New York, of Germany's proclamation of unre stricted submarine war is revealed in figures made public uene today by the American Railway Association on be half of its car service coinmisson, which is co-operating with the inter state Commerce Commission in ef forts to relieve the cur shortage bit •nation. / The staKxRcs, wliicu are to bo [ placed before the government tor its iufonntition, show that from February 1, to February if. the grain delivered to vessels at the tour ports amounted approximately to only 8,000,000 burhels. This eompares with 29,000. 000 bushels throughout January, and Ci,s,'sop,do bushels tiliruughout Decem ber. Tlie deliveries have been regulat ed the association says, to correspond as far as possible to the reduction of cargo space caused by the C-bout cam paicn. The statistics show further that permits were Issued between Febru ary l and 11, for transportation of oob.ooo bushels to seaboard to fill fu 1 urc cargo space promised. This com pares with 25,000,000 moved on the permit basis throughout January and 45.500.000 througUiout December. Scored at the terminals in the four ports were 12,500,000 bushels dr.rlug the first half month of U-boat activity, a- eompa.ed with accumulation or 10, 500.000 in January, and 47,100,00 in December. A decrease in carload movements of all other export frieght in doubt the same proportions also is shown. The railroads mailman tliey nave succeeded in regulating the movement to tl'e seaboard tflirough embargoes and tho permit liasis .-y-tettt so that the accumulation lias decreased some what in propcrtiou to tile exporta tion. In other words, n proportou as the cargo space offered has dwindled oit account o[ the l’-boat campaign, so the roads, they contend, have tried to prevent grain and perishable food stuffs front becoming piled up on At lantic piers. Tlie purpose of the figures, it is understood, is to show that tilte de creased number of sailings from east ern ports was re-potvsible, as well us the severe western weather, for In land congestion of shipments. It was claimed on behalf of the rail roads that tit" genera’, situation as re gards food mvements was brighter to day titan during recent weeks, owing partly to more favorable weather, but due a'-so to new ear service rules which went into effect on Wednesday. It was announced that virtually ell ilie large roads in the country had signed an agreement to return cars at once direct to the roads owning tlhein. A penalty will bv itupo-ud, it wai stated, in every ease where a road diverts either a loaded or an union I ed car over a road which dees not take the car back to its owner over the shortest rode. This was regard ,,,1 as a most radical move and one which would send strings of empties to congested districts. Replying to the statement yester day by J. P. Griffin, president of tho Chicago Hoard of Trade that prefer ence is given to freight paying the ,-reatest revenue, the American Rah way Association not only dented tin t rutflk of the assertion, but charged that Chicago grain men were concern ed not fo much about tne general food situation as about tne delay in the movement of their export shipments. It was declared that representatives of the Chicago board who appeared before the assnrltion's car service commission in Washington this week tried to get a guarantee that no other class of shippers received a promise from tthe reads (O luinitth tile Chicago shippers a certain number of cars daily. MAIL ON TfvAMP STEAMER. Baltimore, Md„ Feb. 22—The first mail to be brought here from Europe oil a trump steamer arrived today on the Swedish steamer Ocean, Captain Gothard, from Gothenbgru . A total of Ibl sacks were delivered here but Captain G-othard said that was only about half of what was placed on the Ocean, the rest being taken off at Kirkwall. As much of the mail was for Canadian delivery, it is supposed the British permitted the Ocean to continue as a mail carrier. -o ■— SEVERAL ships sunk. London, Feb. 22.—Lloyd's announces that the Swedish steamer Skogland, 3,2til tons, was sunk Sunday and that the British motor steamer Teawyn, 132 tons, was sunk by gunfire Wed nesday. The crews were landed. The Central Nows says the British steam er John Aliles’, 6s7 tons, has been sunk. Four of the crew who were in jured, and the bodies of tlwo men who were killed have been landed. The remainder of the ship's company are missing. IHEMINBRIEF _ Small engagements by raiding and recoilnoitering parties and reciprocal bombardments, which are ot consider able intensity at various points, arc still going on in all the war theaters. Nowhere has u big engagement, taken place. The Germans In Belgium, near Woodepoort and in Franco cast ot Vermelles and south of N'euve Cba t elle made thrusts with raiding par ties against the entente lines, but, ac cording <to Paris and London, were re pulsed with losses. Berlin reports that near Armemieres the British en tered German position^, but later were driven out, leaving two hundred dead m the trenches, in addition to 33 that were made prisoner. Spirited artillery activity continues on the Verdun sec tor at Ihe Cote Du Poivre. The repulse of small Russian at tacks iu the Ijake Narocfi regiau of Russia, successful raids by the Ger mans in Galicia, near Zlochoff, where t‘5i) Russians mere taken prisoner, aud small attacks iu the wooded Carpa thians with the advantage resting with the Ausiro-Gemaus are related iu the German official communication. In the latter region, however, Petrograd claims a repulse by the Russians of the Teutonic allies near Dorna Watra. In Rumania a heavy snowstorm is hampering operations. Considerable artillery activity continues on the Macedonian front, also trench raiding operations. The latest report s.from T-ondon and Paris show that vessels of au aggre gate tonnage of more thau 21,000 have been sent to the bottom by submarines or mines. Tho vessels sunk were four British steamers aud a trawler, one Russian, one Swedish, one Dutch and one Norwegian steamer. The Swedish steamer had several Americans aboard. All of them aud the remainder of the crew mere res cued. --a MARATHON RACE CONTESTED IN SNOW. SLUSH AND MUD New York, Feb. 22.—Running through snow, slush and mud over the full distance of 2t> miles, 20*3 yards, Hans Schuster, a young Swedisli American of this city, established a new record for the course from the Bronx to New Rochelle amf back again In 2:40:25 and won the pennant A. iO marathon race today. II. Lucas, Morningside A. €., was second; A. Roth, Mohawk A. C. (last year's twin ner in 2:48:40), was third, and Sydney Hatch of Chicago, fourth. Thirty-three started and twenty-three finished. ---P-r— KRUCKER TO BE CHARGED WITH FIRST DEGREE MURDER St. Joseph. .Mo., Feb. 22.—John J2. Krucker will ‘be churgod with first degree murder in connection with Bin death of his divorced wife, Mrs. Dag mar Krucker. who was shot and killed last Sunday, Lawrence Doth well, pros ecuting attorney, announced tonight. It (was said tile charge will he filed tomorrow. The prosecutor made another at tempt today to question Krucker at tho hospital where he has been siuce he shot himself after killing his wife, tut Krucker complained that his Jaw hurt so he could not talk. Ho shot himself through the jaw. —-—e ZULU KID LOST, New York. Feb. 22.—Frankie Burns of Jersey City defeated Young Zulu Kid of Brooklyn here this afternoon in the fourth round of a ten round match, the referee stopping the bout when the Zulu Kid was knocked down several times. Burns weighed 117 11 pounds tmd his oppononl 115. CAR SHORTAGE IS IMPROVED STRINGS OF EMPTIES ARE SENT WEST ON PASSENGER TRAIN SCHEDULES. ACUTE STAGE OF TOE SIOOTAGE IS PASSED At One Time 165,274 Bx Car* Were Tied Up in Yards of the Various Railroads of the United States— Conditions Not as Bad as Year Ago. Washington, Feb. 22.—'Many emptier rolled uvst at passenger train speed today from congested railroad yards of the east, according to Interstate Commerce Connuistiou advices from its field force of investigators. Fair weather and a holiday combined gave the roads the first read opportunity in more than a week to exert their maximum energies to relieve the car shortage what lias threatened near •famine pi sonic set ti n ot the com try. Officials of both the railroads and the commission expressed the con viction tonight that the acute stage of the shortage hud passed and that steady improvement in tlie situation wuid continue. At no time, it was said, had conditions reached the acuteness of the tie up a year ago. At the same time tile number of cars involved in the tie up, accord ing to reports to the commission from virtually every road in the country, increased by more than ono-tliird in I flic two weeks between January 27 and February 10, and on the latter date reached tli© gtvind total of 1GD. 274. In the abestice of detailed reports the car service commission of the American 1 la ii way's Association was unable to say definitely what steps had been taken to relieve the short age of gas coal which threatens a pos sible interruption t service of lights, heat and power companies in 18 towns and cities in six middle western states. It was assumed, however, that the commission's resuest of yes terday that coal be rushed to the points most needed was being follow ed. The tiltuation at Chicago, while causing sonic concern to government and railroad officials, was not regard, ed here as desperate. Official's said that similar conditions prevailed at other cities throughout tflie country. The stuation was a natinal one. it was said, and while relief was being af forded to Chicago as rapidly as possi ble tflie needs of ther communities could not be overlooked. WUliVUIVU'il J.IIHO V Ul' UU>1 Utuil getting only four or five cars a day for the shipment wist of wheat for domestic use were met at the com I mission w-ith the as-ertien that tbe records show that Chicago has been receiving approximately 200 a day and that about one-half of them were used for export wheat. Instead of reducing prices, the transportation out of the country of great uuantities of wheat tended to raise the prices, officials said, and tilie movement uf exiKirl wheat east culd bring no relief to sufferers from soaring prices In the eastern cities. Officials thus fur have confined their chief energies to uraveling the transportation snarl and affording re lief to communities threatened with ahortago of foodstuffs and fuel, rather than studying the effect of the short age and digestion on price* for ijccta cities. So far as’reports relate u> short ages, It was 8aid botfli at the Inter state Commerce Commission and the car service commission iliat there was nowhere in the country at the present time an actual shortage of food or fuel needed for domestic consump tion. Tlie 105,271 car* involved in the general tie -up are distributed in ever> section of the country and include all classes. —-o--— MORE "RUTHLESS” TALK. Iajndon, l‘VI). 22.—'Reuter's Amster dam correspondent telegraphs that the German retchstag opened today with a speech by the president of the chamber, T»r. Johannes Kaempf. l>r Kaetnpf declared Germany and her al lies were now taking refuge in a v ij&pon "which'will be employed with mi restriction until our aim in too wa'r, namely, tlie defense of the inde pendence and the freedom of our Countries, is attained.” AMERICAN SIHPS SAFE. Kew York, Feb. 22.—All passenger ships of the American Line now arc believed to 'be safely alway from the Kuropean war zone. Five of them are tied up at their piers here, while the tnly other, the Finland, it was said tonight, probably (would arrive here Sunday or Monday. The vessels here are the Philadelphia, st. Louis, St. Paul, New York and Kroonland. -o CREEKMORE STARTS TWO YEAR JAIL SENTENCE Muskogee, Okla., Feb, 22.—W. J. Crcekmorc of Joplin, -Mo., reputed to have made more than $2,000.000 iu the liquor business, tonight occupies cell No. 1 in the federal jail, having begun to serve a two-year sentence imposed upon him iu the United States dis trict court here today for attempting to bribe a federal enforcement officer and conspiring to violate the United States liquor laws. United States Marshal B. A. Knloe will personally take Ureckmore to the federal penitentiary at Leavenworth tomorrow. -o CUBAN SPECIAL ON ILLINOIS CENTRAL IS HELD UP I [Memphis. Tenn., Feb. 23.(Friday). —A south bound Illinois Central pas eenger train, know n as the Cuban Spe* cial, was held up by several men at East Junction, several miles south of this city, shortly after midnight and un hour later one of the men had been captured by police reserves, rushed to the scene when a tower man re ported that the train was being held up. Two other bandits are reported to have been surrounded. Reports to police headquarters at 1 o'clock did not indicate whether any loot was secured -o TWO BOYS ACCUSED OF COX MURDER ARRESTS WERE MADE BECAUSE BLOODHOUNDS SINGLED THEM ' OUT FROM A CROWD. Lonoke, Ark., Feb. 22.—Joe Trottor and Kelly Booe, each 21, residents of this town, were arrested late last night a.s suspects in connection with the mysterious murder of John Cox. aged merchant of this place. Trotter played fullback on the Little Rock College football team last fail and was selected by a committee of coaches as all-state fullback. Officers say that tlhe two youths were arrested because bloodhounds singled them out from a crowd that was following another pack on the supposed trail of the murderer. The coroner’s inquest today was behind closed doors. Trotter today .refused (lie service of a lawyer. He said he would be able to prove an alibi and did not wish to "O to the expense of eugageing an attorney. Funeral services for the victim to day were conducted by Mg son, the Rev. Benjamin Cox, pastor of the First Baptist church of Memphis, Tenu. NO ACTION IS TAKEN ON THE GERMAN CRISIS INDICATIONS THAT PRESIDENT WILL ACT APTER MEETINC OF THE CABINET TODAY. OFFICIAL NEWS AWAITED OF OELEASE OF AMERICANS . J Speech Made in the House by Reprt^ sentative Bennet Advocating tha Arming or Convoying of American Ships—Should Act independent of the Allied Powers. Washington, Fob. 22.—-No move was made here today in the crisis in rela tions between the united States and the central powers. The indication* still were that tomorrow's cabinet meeting would be followed by arrange ments lor the president to address congress iwith a request for authority to deal with any emergency that may arise after adjournment. The government is awaiting official confirmation, of news dispatches tell ing of the release by Germany of the American, prisoners of the Yarrow dale, a report from Ambassador Fen fiehl at Vienna on Austria’s attitude and difluite Information about Ameri cans in Turkey. There virtually is no hope here of a favorable reply to the memorandum recently presented to Austria asking whether the pledges concerning sub marine warfare given the United States in the Ancona and Persia case* were still In effect. An answer that w ill make *everance of diplomatic re lations with Austria Inevitable Is ex peeled at any time. President Wilson had no conference on the holiday. He attended a Wash ington's birthday celebration, pledged anew allegiance to Ihe flag and listen ed to a speech by Senator Pomerene of Ohio, who vigorously denounced Germany »ud American pacifists. P. V. S. iFratfvlin, president of the International Men., ntile Marine, call ed at the navy department and talked with Secretary IJanb'ls and Assistant Secretary Jlohfpvelt ' ■ -AM understood that they diseased American mert^ut snips, a qudftfon on which the government has not yet announced a decision. Representative Ben»et of New York made a speech in the house advocating arming or convoying merchantmen. "Our rights arc being Infringed upon," he said. “It is our duty to maintain those rights. In doing so wo should use no aid from the allies and place ourselves under no obligations to them. We are big enough to look after ourselves. We should put prop er cannon and skilled men from our ravy on our merchantmen and If nec essary use our naval vessels to convoy our merchant vessels. This is the counterpart of the course which we followed with France during tho ad ministrations of Presidents Washing ton and John Adams.” Vindication For AH Public Officials I The Committee Will Find That Thomas W. LarPson's Charges Were Not Substantiated i t \Vashingtou, Fob. 22.—Vindication of all public cffioiaU w LonO named I were brought into the investigation of ( barges that there was a leak to Wall .street on President Wilson's ponce note was voted unanimously today by the house committee. The report pro bably will be put in final Nliapo Sat- j urday after additional record* of New York brokers have been examined. It be understood 'die committee finds that Thomas W. Lawson's sen-1 national cliarges were not substan-! tinted; that H. W. Polling, brother-in- ^ law of the president had nthing to do with (lie leak, anc tnai advance infor-1 niaticu concerning the note was fur nidlied to brokers by J. F. Kssary au 1 W. W. Price. local newspaper men, who connected deductions with facts obtained in conver-atloius with other, reporters who had been told iu con fidence by Secretary Lansing that a note was coming. in ci nneotion with violations of newspapers ethics, the report says u subcommittee lias neen appointed to confer with the standing committee or correspondents to determine what changes shaii be made In tbo rules regulating admission to the congres sional press galleries. No recommendations are made, but the practice of selling short on the New York stock exchange is said to be criticised. F. A. Connolly, a local broker, is censured for hig testimony before the ccmmittee, and K. F, Hut ton and Company, for failing to pro duce copies of all messages concern ing the note afliiab reached Its of fices.