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RENT THAT VACANT ROOM 'VEAT«!:« T - r O K r ( A 5 1 IVople looking for rooms turn to I , the classified ads of the newspapers i u «o see what is offered. A., ad la the I Fo,t^ f°r Arkansas: Thursday Snyirnid8Jle®lmost “ur* 10 THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES 1 ' ' d> r, tlay l,n9ettled> cool. ^| er in northwest portion. VOLUME XXXIV. TEN PAGE! HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 22, 1917. M7'”nr. ~ ” NUIVlBtR 2o1 Declaration of War Will Probably Come With Meeting of Congress Congress 'Expected to Vote a Large Sum and Clothe the President With Au thority to Use the Armed Forces of United States. Dispatches From Abroad Declare That the German Government Expected a State of War Within the Next Forty Eight Hours—Many Developments Now Can Cause An Actual State of War Before Congress Convenes. AVtasblngton. March 31.—President ''VilBon today met the constantly in creasing probability of war with Ger many by summoning congress to as semble in extraordinary ses-ion Mon day, April 2, two weeks earlier than the date he had chosen before the latest assaults upon American rights upon the high seas. When me president addresses con Creati he is expected to show how a state of war actually has existed for some time because of the unlawful aggression of German submarines. Congress is expected formally to declare a state of war existing, votd a large sum. probably half a billion dollars, for national defense and to clothe the president with authority to use the armed forces of the Vnited States, as it empowered President Mc Kinley to deal with the menace of Spain In 1*P8. Such action would not be a declara tion or war except in a technical sense and whether the I'nited States and Germany actually go to war in the fullest acceptation of the term will depend on what the imperial ■■m ernnient does before congress is as sembled, or alter It acts. Dispatches from aboard tonight de claring that the German government expected a state of war within the next t8 hours placed an ominous as pect, on the situation. ■Much to change the president's |>osition or the course of the govern ment in the crisis may develop before April 2. If the American armed ships will by that time have reached the war zone, the rnthle-s destruction of one of them unquestionably would lie an act of war On the other hand, sinking of a submarine by one of the armed mer chantmen probably would tie met us an act of war by Germany, ftveu the arming of American ships with the avowed purpose of defending them against l'-boats may be declared such an act. iii any of these events practically nothing would remain except for con gress to acknowledge a state of war existing from a certain specified date, prntmblv i«st Sunday, when three American ships were sunk with loss of life. I Thu next tun days until congress | meets w ill be days of tense anxiety, of eager waiting and watching fraught with possibilities of tremendous con sequences to the Unite'! States. President Wilson and his advisers in the cabinet and in congress have I no intention that war shall be d ' dared by the United Stales. By the I hostile acts of German submarines they believe the imperial German government is actually making war on the United States and that it shall be recognized as such a state. To meet such a condition the armed forces of the country and all the na tional resources are to be put In a state of readiness Then whether the nation shall enter the war in Us full sense will depend upon how much furl her Germany t arries her acts of aggression. iln every sense war. If it comes, wil! lie a defensive war, free from ambitious of spoils or territory in which the United States, the president has publicly declared, shall wan* nothing for Itself and shall seek only to preserve the rights of civilization and humanity. In such a situation the United States might even become an actual participant in the hostilities on the European continent without becoming a political ally of any of the entente powers, simply easting ils weight of men. money and moral influence into the battle against a common enemy. Units of the United States probably would he open to warships of the en tente navies: credits from the vast stocks of gold, food, munitions and other materials might he extended to all the entente powers. The American NaOai Base Hospital Stationed in Brooklyn —— . ... - Preparations HaVe Been Under Way tor Past Sit Months By Red Cross. N*-» York. March 21.—The first naval base hospital of the American lied Cros-, stationed In Brooklyn has received word to hod Itself in readi ness for aoCve service, it was an nouncod late today. Its equipment is stored ut the New York navy yard. Officials of tin Red frosi explained that preparations had been under wav for the past six weeks to have all branches of the service prepared In the event of hostilities. No Uirei-t or ders have, however, a- tot route from "Washington, it was said. Word was communicated to the first naval base hospital in Brooklyn that Inasmuch as the navy probably would be the first arm of the national ser vice to be called upon., it was neces sary that the hospital should he ready wnen (hat call came Complete equipment for the hospital eunsi Ih of 250 beds wUh surgical anti medical supplies. The unit was equipped by a private gift of $25,000. In addition to the natal base bos pital, there are six Red Cross army base hospitals here ready lY>r govern ment service. Bach hits, five hundred beds with a staff of 25 surgeons, 50 graduate nurses and 25 volunteer nurse*. The Red Cross hus ;< total member ship in the metropolitan district of ilb.000, but it was said tonight 'hat nsjnv thousands of person.* had volun teered for service during the past six weeks and in the event of war there wil be no lack of Rid Cross preparations either In number of phy sician's, nurses and other attendants or facilities for training volunteers. uiivy probably would co-operate with the British and French navies in clearing submarine-- from the seas. Hurry tails for all leaders in con gress went out as soon as the presi dent announced advancement of the date for the extra session. With the menace of war looming close ahead, political differences began to fade away. Some congressmen already here went so far us to suggest that the fight for organization of the house be postponed until after the interna tional situation had been dealt with In laying the whole situation before congress, It Is not improbable that the presi dent will ask congress to declare u state of war existing. So much can develop, however, before congress as sembles that the president is keeping his plans in a tentative form, tier many, by her acts in the interim, may throw all the plans awry and accept the onus of having forced the war. Meanwhile every precaution for putting the nat f i'b defenses ill con dition to meet a state of war are going forward. The principal activi ties center in the navy, whoso far reaching preparations are being car ried on to deal with the submarine menace, whether it is to he met in the war zone about the British coast or at the gates of American cities. The army's plans are In a less defi nite state because of the uncertainty as to what part it will bo called on to play. General siaff plans to fit several contingencies have been al ready worl# d out. however, and every step that can be taken in the present situation has been taken. The possibility of Germany extend ing submarine operations to the At lantic seaboard has not been under estimated, but it is recognized that | when she extends her warfare from the com pa rutf^PTy limited 1 retrod -one to the ThOfi miles of broad Atlantic she so effectively weakens her starva tion blockade of England that the an nounced object of the campaign of ruthlessness will of necessity be aban doned. At the same time the sub marine menace to shipping will be comparatively decreased • Next to war the attention of the American government is upon the in ternal situation in Germany With a military censorship screening the history making events trauspiriitig within the German empire and equally screening from the German people the. full meaning of events in the world outside the real condition of affairs in that country, guardedly reflected in dispatches from a hr. sol. commands close attention. IMurmurings of a revolt against au tocracy. emboldened by the revolution in Russia; reports of food riots in Berlin, which are said to have neces sitated withdrawal of troops from the fighting lines; military successes by the entente on the western front and in Asia Minor; the submarine cam paign operating far below the effi ciency predicted lor it. lead to the belief among officials here that pos sibly before congress can assemble to meet the situation the world may be confronted with an entirely dif ferent set of conditions. While it has been generally as sumed that any aggressive action by the United States against Germany and in co-operation with the entente allies would he purely of a naval char acter. designed to aid in the exter mination of submarines and raiders preying upon the commerce, state de partment officials declared today that this country .night take any military measures deemed necessary to make t tTective Its protest against Germany without actually entering into a tor mal political alliance. Even the send ing of an expeditionary force to Eu rope. It was hold, would not obligate this country to details of the allied program. Officials say an unnv could proli ably bo sent to Belgium to help In the restoration of that violated terri tory and to throw America's influence in a real and practical way on the, side of international law and order. The possibility of a large bond issue to provide credit for some of the al lies was suggested at the eapitol to day in the conferences of members of congress still in the city, It was pointed out that the allies have plenty of equipment, of men and muntions now, and that they want credit most of all. The armed neutrality status al pres ent in force i- held by the intrnatlonnl law experts to present many points of weakness Neither war nor peace. It involves the country in contiuual misunderstanding with both sides. Tt OF THE HOUSE K_ LEADERS SAY THEIR CONTEST WILL BE SETTLED PROMPTLY DESPITE POLITICS. WANT TO fiET DOWN TO BUSINESS WITHOUT DELAY Republicans Are Opposed to Permit ting the Balance of Power to Rest With the Independents and Would Favor Any Plan That Would Elim inate Them. Washington, March 21.—.Members of congress still in Washington re ceived President Wilson’s call for an extra session April 2 with patriotic expressions and confident predictions that a close organization fight in the house would not | .^nermiued to de lay action,,, 'the (Uave wiesti^os , be submitted by the president The senate organised and adopted its anti filibuster rule during tho re cent extra session. House leaders say their contest will be settled promptly, regardless of political results, so that la,til branches may get down to busi ness within a few days after they assemble. A joint session to hear the address of the president may bo held without waiting for tho house organization. This course is held to be legal and probably would serve to hasten action in the house. In spite of their determination to bring about a quick conclusion, neither democrats nor republicans in tend to surrender without a fight Majority l.ender Kitcbln, from his home in 8<otland Neck, N. <\, today sent oul a call for a democratic caucus on Friday, March HO. at 11 a. in. Calls for republican and so-called indepen dent conferences are expected to fol low. Democrats, it is said, will caucus solidly, despite tho unpleasantness which arose over the prohibition fight in the dying days of the last congress. The Republican- because of the oppo sition to caucus rules among the pro gressive element, probably will only confer. The five independents already have agreed to confer informally be fore the session. Both big parties are expected to dis cuss emergency plans for organizing the house along bi-purtisan lines, or changing the present rules which re-* quires 218 votes, a majority of the to tal membership, to elect a speaker. As each side, it is generally agreed, will have a total membership of only 211 on tho opening day, it would be necessary under present rules for tho is said to leave upon the door for unlimited litigation with Germany af ter the war. In that status the United Stales sill i.» technically neutral and might be held responsible by Germany for any unneutrul acts committed here. With an actual recognition of a stale of war this difficulty would disappear. Moreover, diplomatically the United States Is in a most extraordinary situation, semi-hostlle to the central powers and yet not aligned with the allies. The government i> pot taken j into the confidence of nations with which it formerly communicated most freely. Kspeeially is this so as to the Far Fast, about which the govern ment's information is very meager. Hopes that (his government will be able to take a leading part in the ul timate peace conference as a neutral have vanished and the belief is grow ing daily that only a- an active par ticipant will America be heard on the great ttuestiou guaranteeing t u litre peace. GERMAN SUBMARINES OF THE MAINE COAST i 'Rockland, Maine. March 21.—A statement that German subma. rines are known to be not far from •hese shores and that an attack on Maine ports is by no means unlike 1y, was made by Lieutenant James O. Porter, U. S. N., at a naval re (cruiting meeting here tonight. The port, according to Lieuten ant Porter, is to be the base for seventy patrol boats operating in and about the mouth of the Penob scot river and bay. "inning party to ttnut four or live independents. Many republicans are opposed to permitting the balance >1 power to rest with the Independents and any proposed plan which would eliminate them from ihe fight would receive hearty co-operation in the re publican conference. Some demo crats favor a change in the Titles so as to permit less than a majority of the membership to elect. This has been done on two occasions, in IMiKl and JXT'.i. Calling of tlic special session today made the independents a much grot* er factor in ihe organization plans than they would have been if the ses sion bad not convened until April Id as originally planned. Should neither side lie able in the early voting to win four independents. It is considered extremely likely (hat an effort will be made to reach an agreement to elect a speaker by a majority of those present. THE WAR IN BRIEF f v I —.1 . — Again the British ami French forces] in France are moving rapidly against the retiring Germans, and both Lon don and Paris chronicle additional im portant gains in terrain on various points along the line running from Arras to the region of Soissona. Forty more villages have been taken by the British in the districts south and southeast of Peronne, while east of Ham, north of Tergnier and north of Boissons the French have made good progress. To the north between Uurlu and Ar ras the Germans at a number of points are beginning to resist the British ad vance vigorously, but despite this, says London, their rear guards are being steadily driven back and the progress of the British continues. In the Ailette valley and along the east bank of the Crozat canal the Germans are in strong force and have heavily bombarded French positions. The Russians apparently still have the upper hand of the Turks on the Persian battle front, Petrograd report ing that they have been driven from the region of Sakkiz and that the Rus sians have crossed the Persian border and invaded Mesopotamia, thus add ing to the menace of the Ottoman troops who arc in retreat before the British up the Tigris and Diula rivers from Bagdad. To the south of of Sak kiz the Turks who recently were forced to evacute Kermansbah con tinue to fall back. On none of the other fronts have there been engagements of much iui portance. Unofficial advices received In Lon don from Holland are to "(he effect that serious food riots have broken out in Berlin and that frontier regi ments have been sent there to main tain order. TEXAS LEGISLATURE PASSES "BONE DRY" LIQUOR LAW .Austin. TfX.'uH, March Zi —Final ad journment of the thirty-fifth Texas Legislature tome at ti: 15 o'clock this evening, after a renewed attack on the ‘"bone drj" county option bill, al ready passed by both branches, bad failed. The measure, which Governor Ferguson hud announced hu would sign. pas<-<d earlier iu the day. A few minutes before adjournment atren nous ubjeijtouH to the measure wore raised in the Juuuse and senate on a pomt of order. The point was over ruled. The bdl prohibits manufacture In any "dry" county of intoxicating liquors for sa'v, for any purpose wuut ever, iu prohibition territory in the state. "NAVAL PREPARATIONS MARKED BY INCREASED ACilTITY Orders to Enroll Women for Nurse Work as Part of the Navel Reserve Forces Have Been Sent Out. The New Munitions Standardization Board Held Its First Meeting Yesterday—Most of the Board Has Been Engaged for the Past Three Years in Producing Munitions for the Allies. Washington, March 21 -Naval pro i paratons for war won niarUi d > in encased activity- today willi lie ;oi j vauooruent to April 2 of tlm dale of i the extra session of mi):i- \ > ai timl war steps were tab n l#> eillte tile war or navy department- Pit. there wire many indentions tli.it pro Uniiuary plans have been wuived out for rapid mnubili/uiinn, if tie cal’, conies. Tile ti aa > s tttslt is simple It proh let ns are those of niate.ial rath, r i.uin personnel. At mo I little more than 10(),(K)0 men would lie repair'd for munning every available sliip or scouting craft. Th i could I <>:■ taiued almost ov< t t'u v ddllzu t'on of tie' naval milU'.-a a; I the n rUnm sect butt of ir. .,! t«..« ive: siippleinonted with volii'i .:o. -. Only high trainod offi r would h . lacking. The army’s probb m is j si the re terse. It is men that wi 1 he needed and no definite stop toward "sec. i rim a great force for training can lie taken until congress expresses its will. Full equipment, can he obtained long In fore the men ore ready to use it. Steps actually taken by the navy to day Included the advancement, of the dale of the opening of bids for addi tional destroyers and notification to ■ship budders that their full plum, ey pacify would bo utmzed 111 tin ■ work There is no way of estlinatinl: how many destroy, rs will be ordered "n til estimates called for -how how many can ho built Socretar-. Ihuib-l said every available plant would In utilized to ns utmost. The builders will present their figures next S-itur day and awards will bo made imme diately. Hids for the fust targe consignment of i tmfo.it submarine chasers or coast pairol liouis also wore received today but will be held confidential until Wednesday, when 100 additional build ers are expected to submit figures 'I lie navy' hopes to find facilities aval • able for more than 200 boats, tie- fir -1 I of them to bo delivered in two or three months. .Meanwhile iu>r of surveying private yachts ami motor traft is being press'd in e\ i naval district and the enrollment o lolun tn until the boats proceeds rap idly. TIi ib partuii’iit has no present Jn tt til Ion inking over merchant craft Ipr naval me. Si creiary Daniels said tmiia',1, a in pi dying early assurances riven i , American ship owners by t lairmau Denman of tlie ^htppng board. -Ml American merchant vesse's, mi :..n b en surveyed ^ind ni'.v officals for pii£s7bT^“^B* ! use in time of war. The guns being 1: Ui' i 'l aboard tran.--i Atlantic craft 1 i|i iiidl originally to arm aux ii v cr i -its withdrawn from mer < In tit flee tor that purpose. Other vi ! wei'i classified as colliers until ••.liiUi-.or ,'ra sports, as was in’Till iift-tel.‘le. in msuv instances the miners of these, ships have enrolled ui re-erve naval officers and would accompany tiicir vessels in the govern" meat service. ‘•No definite policy luus yet been [adopted,' Mr. Daniels said. “We will cot, however, demoralize commerce. None of tv ships engaged in trade will be taken over except in case of . ■' vital neat' tty. They woulu u’l be \ taken in that lase.” ™ A board of navy o'flcers already >3 dealing w«th the merchant marine question and will co-operate with the shipping board in whatever is done. It was indicated, however, that no l do ns the nav . department is now malting will require the acquisition of any important portion of ibe merchant murine to navy uses, sionie ships may lie divert d under charter to supply the fighting Heels or scout patrols If meessary, but because of the fact that it is believed that the major It p o the navy would not. 1m- sw u|t. Navy officials were d'f’turfced "CPf. pre.-s reports of u strike in the Cur tis, Aii/une Company's factory,• with u <•!, '!t>; government ha< placed largo orders. Tomorrow a conference ■ I t..to various aeronautical organiza tions will be held at the war depart ment to discuss means ot hastening tillive production and the situation at tti" i rtl-s plant may he taken up. The president has power to take over Hr; e-t.iii. slrinent, 11 nere.-sary, A r-OSTINI rFtp ON PAGE THItffilS Taft Declares There Are Worse Things Than War One Is the Dishonorable Y eilding to f nOasion of Y our Rights. Kn lunoitd. Va , Man h > I rorniet 1’resident Talt in a pitbiic address to night declared that "then are wm , things than war and orn of ih > .• i the dishonorable yieldi l.o*mva i-t of your rights fie au-e you ur- atr.ii* lo fight, for jour right and niiiui.n i them." Mr. Taft spoke in tin- i111»■ io-41 til the Ia'ukui to Enforce 1’ 'air "Thu first <liil> oi the 1 tilted jir.tt , when war Is inevitable is to prepare,' he continued. "We have proceeded on the theory in tli<- past that the l-ord looks after children, drunken men und tile Bnited States. But it is time to awaken to the realization that we are forced into war with the most military nation in the world. Even now we sa^- that with the Brit uti uni .in I the niaie* of the allies we .1■ ■ i "t in danger. We ought not i > lay tin. f flattering unction to our Simla." Mi Tu dm larml that "the gun ii i ■ ili in.•reliant marine have the r .h' iven Mi ui an American citieens to use ihcir weapons against tho skulking s ibmarlnea.” Mi i'aft uni a statement explain? Ini? tli" alms uf the League to Bn tor • l’i dee and emphasizing Its duty i" upport tin president, lie said: "1 Miring the present crisis and the war which is at hand the duty of the League to Enforce Peace Is to stimu late military preparedness on the one i hand and on the other to spread Its gospel of world organisation for per manent peace after this conflict Is over."