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RENT THAT VACANT ROOM fore cast People looking for rooms turn to Forecast for Arkansas—Friday fair ine Classified ads of the newspapers in west, showers In east portion, cold S,°° ?i>Ut offered. An ad in the er in west and central portions; Satur hrin t‘tord 18 “■most sure to day fair, colder in east and south por ing you a customer. tlon> T J V, p "V V r\/ " .i in . - ■ .. **~ " ' 1 * " '"*1 ■ — ■ '■ I*' ■»' ~ ■ r' •• •m-ZZZ. i t*\' mT .— .JSSSS8P __ 1 AAAX V‘ _ HOT SPRINGS. ARKANSAS, FRIDA Y MORNING, MARCH 23, 1917. NUMBER 262 j Twenty of the Crew Were Drowned and One Died of Injuries Received in Ex plosion. Another Chapter is Added to the Story of |War Waged Against American Shipping By Germany to Be Laid Be fore Congress By President Wilson Eight of Crew Were American Cit izens. Washington. Mur< h 22 American Consul Alabin. ;it Amsterdam, rabUnt thc3 state* department tonight that the American steamer llealdtnn. sunk b> a submarine vcsterday off TerBchel litig, Holland, was torpedoed without warning and that _'•) of the crew were % drowned and one died of injuries. The consul's dispute!) follows: 'Standard Oil ship llealdtou. from Philadelphia for Rotterdam, cargo oil, torpedoed without warning s; I r, eve nine of 21st, 21 miles north of 'I or sohelling, Holland. Twenty of crew drowned One died of injun. -. oth ers taken to north of Holland. Sub marine seen after torpedoing. More details to follow ' The sinking of the llealdtou adds another grave chapter to the story of war waged against American ship ping by Germany to be laid before cou gross b\ President Wilson at the spe cial session he has called for April 2. It can cause no immediate change it) the s' nation Since the destruction of three American ships last Saturday - or Sunday administration officials have considered that a state of war existed and it is to meet this situa tion that congress has been sum moned to authorize step* beyond tic* arming of merchantmen. The llealdtou was unarmed, having left port before the president author l/A ii the navy to furnish gnus and gun ners to merchantmen. Her fate serves to heighten the profound interest with which the government and the public awaits the time when an American vessel prepared and ready to send a shell Into a hostile submarine on sigh' will enter the war zone » AMERICANS ABOARD THE STEAMER HEALDTON. Philadelphia,. March The crew of the llealdton included thirteen Americans according to the personnel as (*ivon out by the shipping commis sioner hero early today. The Americans arc Charles Christopher, captain l. WillertTp, chief mate, New York. \V. Chandler, second mate. If. F. Hudgins, third mate. Virginia. S. \V Smith, able seaman. Chicago J. Cailiwell, chief engineer C. W. TJmhray. first assistant engi neer. Louisiana John Ktncr.v, sotond assistant en d ncer. New York. \V. C. Johnson, third assistant i'll fiinecr. Michigan. Fmcrgeiicy 1 eveuux. oiler. Michigan. Jolm W Steiner, messman. Pitts burgh f! S Hnlsano. wireless operator. (ieurge Mealy, second cook EIGHT OF HEALDTON'S CREW AMERICAN CITIZENS. New York. March Ki-ht of the officers ami ctiRlnccrs of the Stantlarti oil steamship Healdton arc American . 11 steps, an oflcer of the oompanv Haiti tonicht Me was unable to sup ply any further details. THIRTEEN MEMBERS OF CREW LANDED. London, March -;! (2:a m.. Fri day) Thirteen members of the American steamer Healdton's crew have arrived aU YmnUlen, Holland. T' y say the - (punier wiis sunk with out warnini? il the so-called “safe --— /one" and expressed the belief that lb men aboard the vessel were drowned. ... BRITISH STEAMER SUNK. St. Johns. N. K., March 22.—The sinking of I he British steamship Cor onda, 2.73:1 toils, by a Berman sun marine was reported here today. Cable advices stated that 21 survivors were safe aboard another ship. -o —.- - GERMANS DEVASTATED TERRITORY GIVEN UP WANTON DESTRUCTION OF BUILD INGS. HOMES AND SPLENDID CHATEAUS WAS CAR RIED OUT. London. March 22.—Germany In her work of devastation which is turning* the abandoned territory in northern France into a desert may have a po litical motive in the direction of a threat thus to treat all occupied ter ritory unless France enters into peace negotiations, was the theory advocat ed by Major General F. It. Maurice, chief director of military operations at the war office in his weekly talk to the Associated Press today. “Thu extent of the German retire ment *u- no surprise, to us." he said, “and I may tell you I am prepared for It. Just where the now line will be formed it is impossible to say. It j is by no means certain that the Ger- I mans will again offer buttle on tbe I ('ambrai-Laon line. “Theories as to an ultimate with drawal are purely speculative as for instance, pivoting on Lille, the. Ger mans may extend their defense from Gamhrai. On the other hand, while using the same pivot they may form a line along the lower slopes of the Ardennes." General Maurice then showed a n ii in Ivor of photographs of ruined and burning villages taken before they were actually abandoned by the Ger mans showing an almost, total de struction With reference to these villages he said: "Some were never under our artillery fir*- Of course, destruction made by military necessi ty is prrtnissable. but the Germans Inivi turned the country into a desert. Kvery cross road is marked by » brown mine crater. Other measures of Ibis sort were adopted us a mill tur\ necessity to retard our advance, but the wanton destruction of build ings, homes and splendid chateaus cannot tie defended on this ground. "When a military motive is lack ing we must look for u motive, un less lb-.' Germans arc animated by idle pure lo'n of slavery. Tills political motive may lie a threat to Frame that a..less peaci negotiations are en tered into the remainder o'" the oc cupied territory will he turned into llie same -ort of a desert now mark ing for a German retreat. "New official reports of fires and , xplosie.iis north of Arras have been verified ml may mean a retirement in that direction as similar actions marked the preliminaries of the pres ent retreat.” LONG LIVE THE REPUBLIC. I ondon. March 22 (7:1' P ni. i A dispatch to Reuter's from Petrogrd states that the Kusskia Volta appeared on the streets today with the startling caption. "Utng live the republic" oa its front l*:< SUPPORT IS PLEDGED TD PRESIDENT MADISON SQUARE GARDEN FULL OF ENTHUSIASTS WHO WANT WAR WITH GERMANY. WITH DIFFICULTY SPEAKERS MADE THEMSELVES HEARD Thousands Joined in Singing “The Star-Spangled Banner” and Other Patriotic Airs—Rooosevelt Sends Letter in Which He Urges Instant and Effective Action Against Ger. many. New York. March 22.—Led by more than forty patriotic and civic organ izations and college clulis, a crowd Ithul filled .Modison Square Garden to |'light enthusiastically pledged itself to support President Wilson and urged that there he no more delay upon the part of the United States in enieriug the war against Germany. Among tiie speakers were Kiln Root, who presided; I>r. John Grier jliihhen, presidmt of Princeton Gal verity: Charles S. Fairchild, who "as secretary of the treasury under Cleve land. and Mayor ,Milch I oi New, York, United States Senator Ollie James of Kentucky, Joseph if. Cnoate. and inauy others ot prominence were present. \\ lit n Mr. Root, opening the meet ing, declared tin t me had come Tor the country lo ad irre-peetive of ixir ties or partisanship, the great crowd arose, cheering and waving small American liags. Tlds demonstration was repeated Ur.ie and again and it was with difficulty that Mr Root and the oilier speakers made themselves ru. Thousands! joint'd in singing the *)S tar-Spangled Banner - and other pa trintic airs, whi'e ?he various college chilis interrupted the meeting at in tervals with their yeils. There was frequent applause a delegations from patriotic societies marched into the garden before tire meeting begun The Sons of the \m erican Revolution were led by a fife and drum corps. They were followed by bluejackets from the New York navy yard, the w hilc anj-lihie clad hoys of the Junior Patriots of America and the members of the Home Pm fen e League in their new uniforms. Colonel Theodore Roo eve't sent a letter in which lie urged 'instant and eflectiv© action” against Germany. Ai ter enumerating numerous "overt acts of war” against this country, the for mer president said: " Unless, in thf* words of Abraham Lincoln, we are degenerates whose manhood has run out, we shall strike hard and effectively in resimnsc to 111• - •’ brutal and unprovoked injuries. I liless we do so, wc shall show our selves unworthy to be the heirs of the steadfast soldiers of Washington, unworthy to ' aim kinship with the e. ii of high soul who under the ban net's of Grant and of i.ee prated their Until by their endeavor” Charles S. Fairchild, who was sec retary of tlte treasury under I’resi emit Cleveland, declared that "we should take our place beside i.ttose peoples wlio hate fought for months and years for all that is lest in our ruditions and ideals, beside those w It ■ ale fighting our ^battle.” "We must help.” -aid Mr. Fairchild "What an hour would be that when a great division of patriot* soldiers from our land marched up to that long battle line iu France under the Stars ami Stripes, greeted by Britannia and ttie "Marseillaise,” answering with ■'America” and the "Star-Spangled Banner." led by that ex president o ours whose name you know -o well. •iSiu h another would he when from over the Pacific another great division marched to the front iu Russia, sent Ity the oldest to the youngest demoe ruoy to help save both from the dread ful foe of aU democracies.' Resolutions were pa -sed calling upon i< digress “as soon as assembled to de clare that by the acts of Germany a 11late of w ar duets now exist between-1 [ tli&t country and the United States.* The resolutions approved of President Wilson's action in severing diplomatic relations with Germany and of Ids de rision to arm American vessels and miunmut congress in extra. session. They also urged immediate passage of a hill for universal military traiuing and added that "we call upon our government for prompt, vigorouis and courageous leadership in the iminedi nte mooilizing of the entire naval, military and industrial strength of the nation, ncludiug tho augmentation of our army and navy lor the effective protection of American rights and faithful discharge «>r America's duties in the present crisis," THE m IN BHIEF ilfasie continues to he niuJe through iout ,h" country to bring it into pre paredness to meet aggressions on American lives and commerce. Noth ing new has been vouchsafed regard ing the report that the expectation in Berlin Wednesday was that Germany would declare war against the United [States in is hours. It is stated, how ever, that the German imperial chan cellor left Berlin that day for general headquarters for a conference with Kmperor William and Field Marshal von IHndenhurg on important ques tions concerning foreign politics. The Germans, according to tho latest British and French official com munication, apparently are ending their retreat iu France and are pre paring to give battle everywhere to their oncoming foes. Paris reports that between the Somme and the Oise the Germans made successive violent attn. ks against French troops hold ing Hie east hank of the St. Quentin canal, but French machine guns stopped them. Attacks also were de livered by the Germans near lai Fere and between the I^ion read and tho River Ai.-ne hut ihc French barrage lire arose mem up. Rendon reports that from the sou'h of Arras, to the west of St. Quentin, along the eutiro British front, the Germans are stlfening tbeir resistance increasingly. The only advance by the entente along the French front is claimed by the French, who crossed the Ailette river at. several points. 'Berlin asserts that on both sides of the Somme and Oise rivers en gagements between Germans and en tente advance detachments have re sulted favorably for the Germans. There has been a renewal of ac tivity on the Russian front in the Vil na region Here the Germans made an ailvanee over a front of two and a half miles east of Rida and captured 22 a Russians and a number of guns. I'etrograd admits the advance, hut says that later the territory was retaken. In Galicia, near Brody, German at tacks have been repulsed The Turks in Persia still are ill re treat before the Russians, sa» Retro grad. Nothing new lias come through concchiing the operations of the Brit ish against the Ottomans north and northeast of Bagdad. The entente allies are still on the offensive in Macedonia, hut Berlin says that attaeks north of Monastir have been repulsed. The usual ar tillery duels and minor infantr> at tacks continue in the Austro-lltalian theater. Announcement is made by I he Ger man admiralty that the German raid er Moewe has returned to a home port after a second cruise in the Atlantic. It is stated that the vessel during this cruise “captured" shipping ag gregating 123,100 Ions gross. .——■ — —— — WANT A MILLION MEN. Memphis. Teiitt., March -I! -Call for volunteers to form an army of l.ooo, turn men will follow the convening of the special session of congress on April -. in the opinion of Scnat r-elecl K. It. McKellar. former member of tin house military affairs committee, i-Xpre •'"<! lo re today lie said he be lieved congress would he unanimous in its support of whatever legislation President Wilson desire- in this crisis. -o— IMPERSONATED PAYMASTER. Memphis. Tenn., March ilk'.— Charged with impersonating Captain A It. Uaskette, army paymaster, who is here to pay approximately $ :0.000 to soldiers of the First Tennessee regiment, a man giving his name as Arthur Weider was arrested today and held for a hearing tomorrow. Officers charge the prisoner tried to borrow money on the promise that he would reimburse them Saturday when the troops will be paid off and mustered out or ttie federal service. Weider re i fused to make a statement. MEDIATION TO PREVENT WAR BT NEUTRAL SUCH PROPOSAL IS HEGARDED IN WASHINGTON AS ANOTHER SCHEME OF GERMANY. RUTILES! WARFARE WOULU HAVE TO BE ABANDONED Many Former Sailors Send Word That They Will pT-esent Themselves for Service Should War Be Declared Naval Yards 'Are to Be Worked Up to Their Full Capacity. Washington, March :•«■.—Word that a Kuropean neutral might offer media tion to prevent open war between the United States and Germany has cornu to the administration without causing surprise or in any way affecting the government’s plan for meeting the situation forced by submarine ruth lessness. Such a proposal is regarded here as nothing more than another scheme fostered by Germany with tho hope of confusing the issue and possibly dividing sentiment in this country while the destruction of American lives and ships on the high seas continues. At the state department today of ficials would neither deny nor con firm that the government already had been approached on this subject, al though it was admitted formally that some such move was not unexpected. It was very emphatically slated that no suggestion of mediation or discus sion would be considered, unless it was accompanied by abandonment of illegal assaults upon American ship ping, a course to which there is no reason for believing the imperial gov ernment is giving thought. The feeling in all (juurters here is that the United States has with in finite patience and forbearance don eterything possible with honor to avoid the virtual stale of war now ex isting. So long as Herman agferession continues, officials say, there Is noth ing to be done but adopt measures of defense and no ba.-is e xists for dis cussion. IDurlug the tun days that must elapse before congress assembles in response to his call, President Wilson will give i lose personal attention to the preparations going forward through the war and navy depart ments. lie saw no callers today, but was in touch with both of the depart* meats. He signed a formal proclama tion suspending lhe eight-hour law as applied to plants engaged in naval work, a step authorized by congress as a part of the general plans for speeding up construction. Secretary Baker, as chairman of the Council of National Defense, today called the council and fts advisory' committee of heads of great indus trial concerns to meet hero Saturday to discuss how notch more work is necessary to put tho country In a state of adequate preparedness for defense. The council already has accom plished much toward mobilization of all the nation's resources and the e results will be surveyed at Saturday's meeting. Samuel (Jumpers, as chair man of Ho* councils committee on labor, issued invitations to a large number of workmen, employer# and scientists to accept, membership on the committee and attend its first meeting 011 April 2. Additional efforts to stimulte re cruiting for the navy were launched during the day. The response to the recruiting service during the last few months has been the best on record, but Secretary Daniels is determined to fill up promptly to the full author ized strength of 7-1,’>00 men. Word was received that every shii> building plant capable of bulldiug de -troyers would tic represented at the department Saturday, when a great number of building orders will be placed. The department plans to build to the full capacity of the yards and the number of destroyers to be or dered inn lie determined only when that capacity in known. Construction of a standard type boat, the 35 knot vessel designed last year, will he or dered hastened. Tim newly created compensation hoard of tile navy will dismiss details of tli" destroyer orders with the build ers and determine the steps to he taken. The hoard also will hold its first conference on Saturday with the builders recently awarded contracts for battle cruisers. The department is receiving an en couraging number of communications from former sailors saying they will present themselves for service in the event of W'ar. Most of these men have not entered any branch of the naval reserve because they have mar ried and do not want to be called to the colors for any but an actual war emergency. The only army order given out to ds-, was the recall of the Twenty-sec ond Infantry from the border, as - igned to Governor's Island. New York The regiment is destined to be used in connection with spring train trig ca,ni|) work end a regiment also will be sent to the central department for that purpose. The Twenty-second has been under canvas practically con tinually since early In 11*11, when 11 was called out for border service. Its serviie in the field has been more continuous than that of any other in fantry unit. DETHRONED EMPEROR I LEAVES PETROGRAD FOUR COMMISSIONERS FROM THE DUMA WERE DELEGATED TO ARREST FORMER EMPEROR. London, Man'll 22. The former ein peror ol Russia, Nicholas Romanoff, has arrived at the Tsarskoe Selo pal ace, says a Router's dispatch from Petrograd. "Alighting from the train at Tsars hoc Selo," says the correspondent, "Nicholas appeared calm, but was hag gard. He wore the flowing uniform of the Sixth Kin ban regiment,of Cos sacks and a black busby. Around bis rboulders was a purple muffler and he had a Co-sack dagger In his belt. Pinned on the breast of the former monarch was the Order of St. George. Nicholas was accompanied by Prince Dolgouroff." "■Nicholas was awakened while aboard his train at a o’clock Thurs day morning and entered the diixin-. salon about 10 o’clock. He Invited his suite to have morning coffee with tiim and conversed weth them for an hour. He then bad* farewell to his suite and the servants, kissing all of them. The servants kissed him on the shoulder. Addressing those about him. Nicholas saitl: "F thank you for your services. Farewell." The four commissioners from the dunia whom the government sent to Mobilev to arrest the former emperor, were received by General Alexleff, to whom they showed their mandate. Theii; arrival caused no excitement at headquarters. Nicholas was aboard the imperial train, where the dowager empress hade him farewell. General Alexleff informed Nicholas of the com missioners’ arrival and he replied: “I am ready to go anywhere and submit to any decision-." The vairous formalities occupied about an hour. Rear Admiral Nltoff wished to travel with the former em peror, but the commissioners refused to permit him. REPORT REACHES BERLIN. •Berlin, March 22 (10 a. m., Via London. (!>:2d i>. m I. -The news of the calling of a special -ession of con gress by President Wilson arrived here In ihe midst of such confusing reports , oncer mug events in the Unit ed Slates that none of the Berlin papers is commenting on it. BELGIANS NOT LAZY London. March 22 <<> p. m l.—Re plying to reports published in the United States that Belgian refugees here w> re lazy and vicious, Baron Rhonda, president of the local gov ernment board, told the Associated Press today that the Belgians in Eng land had behaved wonderfully well under such abnormal circumstances. -o WILL MUSTER OUT. Port Riley, Kan., March 22 -The Sixth Ohio Infantry arrived here this afternoon. It was stated that muster ing the regiment ouf of the federal service would begin immediately. RUSSIA’S NEW GOVERNMENT UNITED STATES IS THE FIRST GOVERNMENT TO RECOGNIZE NEW ORDER OF AFFAIRS. INSTRUCTIONS DELIVERED BY AMBASSADOR FRANCIS In Receiving the Recognition of the United States the Russian Foreign Minister Expressed Appreciation That th United States Was the First Country to Extend Recogni tion. Petrograd, March t'2, Via London.— Tho United Stales is the first nation to recognize formally the "p—-— eminent of Russ.-a. AiWiuwsador Frunii. made a preliminur/ call this morning on Foreign Minl/ter Miluk oii immediately upon th/ receipt of instructions lrom the *ate depart in' ni at Washington. This ufternoon, accompanied by his staff, including the naval and military attaches, he went to the Marinsky palace, whore the council of ministers was as sembled, made the formal recognition, and presented congratulations and fe licitations on behalf of the United States. The naval and military at taches appeared in full uuiform. while Ambassador Francis and his secre taries wore afternoon dress. The ambassadorial party was re ceived in I lie council chamber, where all the ministers were present. Am bassador Francis stepped from tho group of secretaries and addressee^ the ministers, saying: "I have the honor as the, ambassa dor and representative of the govern ment. of the United States accredited to Russia to slate, in accordance with instructions, that the government of the United States has recognized the new government, of 1+ussia, and I, as ambassador of the United States, will lie pleased to continue intercourse with Russia through tb the new government. "May the cordial rela between the two countries continue to obtain, may they prove mutually satis factory and beneficial.” The Russian foreign minister. Dr, I hull Milukoff. replied saying: "Permit me in the name of the pro visional government to answer the act of recognition by tlm United States. You have been able to follow for your self the events which have established a new order of affairs for free Russia. I have been more than once in your country and may bear witness that the ideals which are represented by the provisional government are the tine as underlie the existence of your own country. I hope that this great change whiyh has come to Rus wih will do much lii bring us closer together than we have ever been be fore. “I must tell your excellency that during the last few days I have re ceived many congratulations from prominent men in your country, assur ing me that the public opinion of tho United States is in sympathy with us. Permit me to thunk you. We are proud to be recognized first by a country whose ideals wo cherish.” _— , ---IV. , ■ ■— MANN IS LOST. Washington. March 22.—There was much speculation at the capital to day over the whereabouts of Repre sentative Mann, the Rf'itiblican floor leader of the house, who started on a vitiation trip without leaving his ad dress before President Wilson ad vanced the date of the extra session of congress two weeks. Mr. Mann’s secretary said nothing had been heard from him since the new call, but both the secretary and Republican houso employes seemed untroubled. In con fidence that the minority leader would be back at bis post when the timo came for the convening of congress.