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A FOR RENT WILL weather “ ‘ RENT THAT VACANT ROOM fore cast People looking for rooms turn to Forecast for Arkansas—Saturday the classified ads of the newspapers partly cloudy to cloudy weather, cold, to see what is offered. An ad in the er in northwest portion; Sunday un» SentineliReeord Is almost sure to settled in east, fair In west portion, I bring you a customer. colder. VOLUME XXXIV. H0T springs, Arkansas, Saturday morning, march 31, 1917. number 269 More Than 240 American Lives Have Been Taken * on the High Seas arid ShipsDestroyedBy Whole sale. She Has Attempted to Set on Foot a Conspiracy With Mexico and Japan to Dismember the United States-Millions of Dollars Worth of Damage Has Been Done as Result of German Plots in the United States. Washington, March in.—Tht ad mlnistrative branch of .he American government has determined definitely upon a course of action to meet the hostility of Germany. While official announcement is withheld pending the appearance of President Wilson before congress, formal recognition of the existence of L a stale of war 1- expected to follow soon after the extra session begins. The president, having decided on the principal features of the address to be delivered to a joint session of the house and senate is putting th» document in writing and today he had a final discussion with his cabinet. The meeting lasted only an hour and v a ludf, but with conclusions quickly made known, time was found for at tention to individual depart mental matters. Utter the president con feired briefly with Secretaries} Maker and Daniels. There is said to he no difference cl opinion in the cabinet on the great question. The president's advisers, ns well at official Washington gen erally, have long since accepted it as a fait that Aar actually is being a aged against the United States. Officials believe that Germany is making war on this nation, because site has taken more than :Mo Amori - an lives titt the high s- as. because -lie has destroyed American ships by the wholesale, because millions of dollars' worth of damage has been done as a result of German plots in the United States, because she has attempted to set on loot a conspiracy with .Mexico and Japan to dismember t.ie republic, aud finally, because of loo belief that Germany triumphant will constitute a future menace to the peace of the world in general at’d the United tSates in particular. The United States, it is emphasized, In official quarters, has not in the past and does not now desire war with the German people; but on the Air Cruiser Tendered to the Government Aero Club Awards Medals for the Greatest Achievement During the Past V ear. - l New York, March JU. -The fully equipped aerial co.i I patrol slatio.i ut l*ort Washington, N Y . together with an air cruiser fitted with the 2u(* horsepower motors and an air plane gun were offered to the gov ernment tonight through the Aero Club America by Hodman Wanu maker. Announcement of the gift, was made at a dinner of tile Aero Club, at which former Ainbassadoi James W. Gerard was one of the speakers and which was attended by many men of prominence Alan K. Hawley, president of the club, announced that the Collier trophy offered annually lor the great est achievement in aviation in Auicri ca had been awarded to Klmer A. Sperry and Lawrence 11. Sperry lor the development of a drift indicator He made public, also, the award of the Aero Club's medal ol merit whivu has been given to Mis- Hath Law for establishing the American distance Ip cord across country ■Mr. Gerard, in his address, de ■ elated that modern war is largely a matter of mcchanLs and munitions. The legend of the embattled farmer ii responsible, he .aid. for much me preparedness. #"We hear even today." ho said, ‘prattlings about embattled farmers liking their old muskets from over the chimney piece and disperse th invader, liut now days the old flint lock means Zeppelins, airplanes, cap tive observation balloons, steel hel mets, gas and gas masks, machine guns, searchlights, 16-inch guns and is-ineh howitzers, trench mortars, range finders, telescopes, armored au tomobiles, tanks, miles of barbed wire, underground mining, rockets, and grenades and countless other in Htruments of war the proper use of which can ouly be learned after years ,,f hard application. All these modern means of war require great prepara tions If we are in for war. we are in for a serious war. "1 believe that the men of German blood who have joined us will remain loyal to this country. But, if there are men whose desire is to abuse our hospitality—-then, 1 think we know where to festoon them “We go in (his war only after every move was made that could be made tor peace. No one knows better than I do the masterful efforts the presi dent made. His work in this connec tion will show like silver in the dark page - of the history of this dreadful war. The president and his cabinet have been doing a wonderful work to prepare but he always works whether for peace or for war without the accompaniment of a brass band. "This is no time for pet tv, personal ambitions or peddling play. Up to and including colonels the national guard is efficient, hut the manage ment should he in the hands of the tedcrul authorities. Universal o:r\Jfe is the only solution. "I am confident that the spirit of America is aroused We have con fidence in our president and just a ho lias been superlatively patient in the cause of peace, he will be superlu tivelv efficient iii his leadership in * » war Stephaue l.au-anne. editor-in-chief of the Paris Matin and member of the French national committee, declared France is fighting to restore in Bin rope "a spirit of liberty, of humanity and. above all, respect for interna tional law." Fetters of regret were received front Theodore Boosevett. Senator B. H. Tillman. Governor Whitman and others. Geraldine Farrar sang. "The Star Spangled Banner." during a standing toast "to the commander-in-chief of our army and navy." i ) German government responsibility is placed lor terrorism on land and sea which, now mat It has been directed against American citizens and Ameri can interests, must be actively com bat led. Just what part the United States will play i.i g quesion the government has yet to dele. mine. The subject has been cliscns.-cd generally within the administration, but the broad policy to be pursued will be developed only after the nation's status has been defined by congress and urgent de fense steps completed. After the president has delivered his address, congress is - expected to take under consideration promptly the granting of a large crei.it to the government and to provide for th.* raising of an army of perhaps UOOO, i)i)0 men. Other measures sued a censorship bill, a supply bill, the regular army appropriation bill and emergency legislation for the army and navy aso will be submitted. The government, so far as Is! known, has no plans for a political alliance with the entente allies, al though a degree of military coop ra tion, of course, will be essential. Always in tlie president's mind, It is believed, will be the ultimate per mauent peace, for which he already has outlined his program—a league of nations backed by moral and military force. Everything that the government be Ueves can lie done without congres sional action to arm against Germany either has been done or has been planned. Every government depart ment is engaged in some work of pre paredness. I essons taught by the ex perience of Europe are being utilized as far as possible. What day the president will appear I before congress to deliver his mo mentous message will not tie fixed until it is seen how long it w ill take the house to organize. The adminis tration hopes .1 his w ill not take more than one or two days. It is realized that there w ilt lie some opposition in congress, but stunmeries of public opinion collected by officials have convinced the administration that tlve naton will stand almost solid ly behind any action the president may recommend and no doubt is felt about the result at the capital. The pacifist element, both inside congress und outside, will make it • elf heard before a decision is reached 'Monday delegations of op ponents of war will conn hereto at tempt to influence congress. Prior to today's cabinet meeting the president, giving up his usual morning game of golf, shut himself in his study an began the prepare tion of his address. Date In the af ternoon he took a walk through the downtown section of the city and ap peared to be in perfect health. While the detail- of the conference between the president and Secretaries Baker and Daniels after the cabinet meeting were not made known, both ol the cabinet members have before them many questions concerning the strengthening of the nation’s defense Among these questions are; The early graduation of the first class at West Point: putting the coast and geodetic survey with its flee1, under the navy department; transfer of supervision over privately owned wireless plants from the commerce to the navy department: collection of large numbers of privately owned bouts suitable for submarine chaser-, and purchase of supplies lor the arm;, and navy. One ol' tile first problems facing tin government is that of making certain that men a nil women do not go into the annj or navy who are belter fit ted for industrial work. Special el forts are to be made to keep skilled workers of all kinds out of the mili tary branches except when they are needed Additional guard unit' were called out today to protect public property. It is understood that there will be several imporaut shifts of officers in he army and navy soon. Since the severance of relations with Germany everything possible lias been done toward getting Americans out of that country. With the last four consuls ale on Swiss soil very few Americans remain under German control, except the IT Belgian relief workers, who still have two weeks "news quarantine" to fulfill under their agreement. A few other citi zens remain in Germany, despite full warning, but they are thought to be largely Germau-Amerleaus who re I main by preference I ASSIES ROLE [cannot understand why UNITED STATES SEES ANY. THING WRONG WITH HIS NOTE TO MEXICO. GESSANT can 1111 NO WBONG Ai.'CSKDING TO HIM The Position Assumed by the German Foreign Minister Can Only Look Ridiculous to Any Thinking Person in the United States Unless They Are Willing to Accept Peace at Any Price. London, March lid. •Router's Am sterdam correspondent sends the fol lowing concerning the address o£ Dr. Allred Zimmertnann, minister of for • ign affairs, with regard to Germany's attempt to embroil Mexico and Japan .\ith the United States. Hugo ilasse, leader of the socialist minority in the reichstag, remarked [ ihat the German offer of an alliance I with Mexico had aggravated tho situ ation with the United States, uud Dr. Zimmermanu, replying, said: "1 wrote no letter to General Car ranza. I was not so naive. 1 merely addressed by a route that appeared to me to be a safe one, instructions to our representative in Mexico. It is being investigated how these instruc tions fell into tho hands of the Ameri can authorities. 'I instructed tho minister to Mexi co, in the event of war with tho United States, to propose a German alliance to Mexico and simultaneous 's to suggest that Japan join the al liance, I declared expressly that de : pile the submarine war we hoped America would remain neutral. “My instructions were to be carried I out only after tlie* United States de clared war and a state of war super vened. I believe the instructions were absolutely loyal as regards the United States. General Uarranza would up to the present have heard nothing of i* if the United States had not published the instructions, which came into its hands in a way which was not unobjt'ctonabie. Our be havior contrasts considerably with the behavior of the Washington gov ernment.. “President Wilson, after our note of January SI, 1!>17, which avoided all aggressiveness in tone, deemed it proper immediately to break off re lations with extraordinary roughness. Our ambassador no longer had the opportunity to explain or elucidate orally our attitude. The United t-jtates government thus declined to negotiate with us. on the other hand, it addressed itself immediately to all the neutral powers to induce them to join the United States and break with ns. hvciy unprejudiced person must pic in tills the hostile attitude o.f the American government, which seemed to consider it right before being at war with u*. to set the entire world a'-ainst us. li cannot deny us the rich! to seek allies when it has itself practically declared war on us.” "Her Haase says it caused great in dignation in America. Of course, in tin first instance the affair was em ployed as an incitement against us. But meanwhile the storm abated slow ly and tlie calm and sensible poli tiiiuns and also the great mass of the American people saw there was nothing to object to in these instruc tions in thein>elves. "I was reproached for thinking just 0 Mexeo and .loputt. it' w. wanted uilles against. America, Mexico wouhl 1 c the first to conte into considera tion. The relations between Mexico and ourselves since tile time of Por firio Diaz have been extremely friend I ly and trustful. The Mexicans, more over, tiro known as good <iuul effi cient soldiers. “It can hardly ho said that tho rela tions between tho I'nlted States and Mexico have been friendly and trust ful, but tile world knows the aula go t-iem Unit, exists between America and Japan. 1 mlaiutain that these an tagonisms are stronger than those xvlikdi, despite the war, exist between Germany and Japan. “When f also wished to persuade Carranza that Japan shuml join the flliance there was nothing extraordi nary in this. The Mexicans and .Tap ane-se are of a like race land good relations exist between both eouii tries. ,TV\hen, further, the entente press offinius that it is shameless to take away allies, such reproach must have a peculiar effect earning from power who like our enemies made no scruple in taluig away from us two powers and peOpl-'H with whom we were bound by treaties of more than thirlv years. The powers who desire t" make plifint an old Kuropcan country of culture like Crortnany by unpiinil ivied and violent means cannot raise such a reproach against ns. "Udien I thought of this alliance with Mexico 1111 Japan I allowed my self to be gulden' b>-the consideration that our brave troop5 alivadv have to fight against <t superior''?bm\of *‘u*" mice and niv duty is, as tar a,s slide, to keep further enemies u*V^ from them. That iMexieo and Japan suited that purpose even llerr Haase will not. deny. “Thus I consider it «. pair 1 otic duty to reulese those instructions and I hold to the standpoint that I acted lightly.'' THE M IN BRIEF British troops ill Frani e have oc cupied three more villages in the iSomme region, anil in the Champagne, where intensive fighting has been in progress for several days, the French have recaptured the positions taken by the Germans on March 28. A German retirement on both sides of t^i Peronne-Fins road because of strong British pressure is announced by Berlin. Two of the villages cap tured by the British. Kins and Sard le-Grund, are on this road, while the other, Rnyalcourt, is three miles to the north and eight miles west of Bapaume. Field Marshal .laig's men, London says, have gained ground west of Sorel-le-Grand, in the direc tion of Heudicourt and toward the railroad running south front Marco ing. A German attack against tho British positions south of Neuville Bourjenval, between Huyaleourt and Fins, is reported by London to have been checked with loss. Canadian troops have been In ac tion east of Neuville St. Vaast. Ber lin says that, four attacks by a Cana dian force were repulsed with heavy losses, while London claims the Get man lines were entered and prisoners taken after casualties were inflicted on the defenders. Neither Berlin nor Paris report any infantry activity between the Somme and the Oise. Northeast of Soissous, Berlin says, French groupings for an attack were dispersed. Freni h troops in the sector of Vregny-Mar gival, Paris reports, made progress. West of Maisons de champagne i French counter-attack resulted in the Germans losing the positions gained on Wednesday. The French took t;:: prisoners, Paris adds. There has been no important a tivity on any of the other battlefields Russian attacks were delivered south east of Baranovichi on the eastern front, but. Petrograd does not. say with what result. German troops entered Russian trenches on the Oginski canal hut were dislodged Austrian attacks again.-* Italian positions on Monte Fait, on the Austro-Italian front, Rome says, were repulsed with heavy losses and prisoners were taken. CASE AGAINST MAYOR GILL GOES TO JURY. Seattle. Wash., 'March 30.—The whiskey trial in which Mayor Hiram C. Gill. Chief of Police Charles C. Beckiugham and four city detectives are defendants, charged with conspir acy to violate the federal liquor laws, went to the jury lute today. The instructions of the court were strenuously objected to by the defense because they gave the jury liberty to consider the testimony of the Billings ley brothers, the principal govern ment witnesses, without regard to their criminal reeorls in Oklahoma and West Virginia, provided their tes timony in the present case seemed true and was confirmed by others evi dence I I EXTENSIVE SECRET SERVICE URBANIZATION IS PLANNER The Half Million Men and Women Em ployed in Government Service Will Be Asked to Assist. The Government Has Also Sought the Assistance of the Police and Detective Forces of Every Town and City to Assist in Detection of Spies and Intrigues Against the United States. Wit lit gt on March Virtually the cntlic force of tint federal govern ment'-! civilian employ cm, approxi mu'telj rcMi.OiKi men and women, en gaged in every branch of service, lias in en summoned to aid the bureau ot investigation and the secret service ill lie detection of sides and the appre licns^U1 oi persons * ngaged in plots, intrigue's tV.'^utlie'- activities against the interests >V,. l*"' * »>ied States. In addition, lY>° government has sought the active 'ft<>-operatlon of the police and detective \Jor<,’K in everv town and city conscqtti.‘,,u’e through out the country. HundretfSti'',f holers i'ei| testing sncli <•o-opcrat.1V'1 *lavt' been mailed broadcast by tiieV*e,,al 1 ment of Justice and replies plc\^ unstinted anl are coming nuck in gNi ll numbers by telegraph and mail. \ The lirgest .single force curd ed i » its nationwide spy hunt, with the pos sible exception of the municipal po lice and detective forces, is the «nny of [sist,masters, all of whom have been instructed to permit no clue to go un reportec! Under the pus! masters an tile letter and rural free delivery car riers, a force oh told of ab«ui} doo.noo men. InstructioiiH to the federal employes call for the prompt reporting to au thorities of all information, no mat ter how minor it appears, which might seem to furnish dues in ferreting out agents of foreign governments. Un der this head come letters passing through the mails, telegrams and even overheard serai*.-: of conversation indi cating activity against the govern ment. Such information will be prompt'.v forwarded to the investigation body at Washington, the name of the in formant held secret and an inquiry quietly begun wherever investigation is warranted. Although no request for co-opera tion lias been addressed to the gen eral public, officials welcome and hold iii strictest confidence cooperation on the part of all private citizens looking in the prevention of activities 'iiarm fn! to tltc national interest. A em ber of private citizens Impelled by pa tnotlc motives already have furnished unit li \ iluaide information of this character. jt was said, and have aided materially in Hie work of the bureau engaged in enforcing the mainten ance of American neutrality. Offl ail want to encourage citizens to lon.municate such Information through United i->iates attorneys or di ct u tlic department o'' jus''™ itorn LABOR LEADER CONVICT ON PERJU \ Hie or aniza.ion of the Ani;><L- mated Association of Kiectric and Street Hallway Workers of Amer ica in various Southern and Middle Western cities, wa* convicted here to day of subordination of perjury as a insult ol his testimony in the caso of 1/. K. Ikxlgen, recently convicted in connection witti the dynamiting of street cars during the recent strike here. Pollard will lie sentenced to morrow. -o-- 1 — ■ ■ — £T' APED GERMAN SAILORS REACH CHIHUAHUA CITY. HI Paso, Texas, Mar. 30.—Two Gcr mans who appeared at the Chihuahua city Foreign < Tub Sunday morning »b Hie guests of tlie German residents of that city are said to have escaped from the German raider Prlnz Eitel Friederich, Interned at Philadelphia, according to an American business man who arrived tonight from Chihua hua City. The Germans Grayed in Chihuahua City Friday by wa Juarez, he said. -—— - -^« Americans Held in German Prison Gamps --- Were Taken Otf Vessels That Were Sunk By the German Kaider Moetfe. Copenhagen .March .In, Via Loudon A man named Benson, who tor a lime van a fellow prisoner of I lie men now hold in Germany, says that near ly all or the forty men held in Ger many were horsemen aboard ih* bor.se transport Ksim laldas, whi' h was sunk by the Moewe. The only exception whom Benson was able to mention was an American named •Smith, who wa- aboard the British armed merchantman Brecknockshire “The Americans captured, together with the British crews, at lust u counts were in a prison camp in West phalia, having been taken from th Moewe three days alter her arrival at Kiel. Benson owes his release to the fact that he was serving on the unarmed Norwegian bark h'taut and not on an armed or belligerent mer chantman. The master and the en tire crew of the Stunt were permitted to leave Germany a few days after •the Mo.twc's arrival in Kiel. Among those released was a man who claimed to have taken out his first American citizenship papers, but who was u German by birth. He made plans to go to Hamburg. Benson shipped on the Siaut at f ’ Norfolk, Va., for a voyage to tho South Georgia islands with coal and provisions for the whaling fleet. Thu Slant vva returning to Queenstown with whale oil when she encountered the St. Theodore, a British steamer that hail been captured and equipped as an auxiliary cruiser, "The St Theodore, after making an independent cruise ii which she captured and destroyed the Stsr ♦, re* Joined the Vloewe February 1* and was sunk the following night after having been stripped of all her metal fittings. The Aloe we, which had been operat ing well to the south of the equator, then headed northward and destroyed seven more steamers. The Moewo passed the Skaggerak and through the sound disguised as a Swedish freighter and arrived at Kiel March •>»> In addition to the detuiued Ameri cans. at least two Danish sailors are being held as prisoners of war for having served on board armed q chant men.