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RENT THAT VACANT ROOM People looking for rooms turn to the cjassified ads of the newspapers to see what Is offered. An ad in the Seiitinel-Jtecord is aluiuol sure to bring you a customer. THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT WRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FELL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES WEATHER FORE Fore cast for and Sunday ram, colder. >r* VOLUME XXXIV. HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 28, 1917. NUMBER 293 FRENCH MAKE MORE GAINS AGAINST GERMANS The Kaiser’s Forces Are At tempting to Hold (heir Present Positions at Any Cost. The Artillery of All the Combattants Continues Its Activity—Efforts of the Germans to Retake Positions Taken From Them By the British and French Has Met With Failure. (From a Staff t.'oi r<' pondt nt of tlie Associated F’rvss.) French Headquarters on the French Front. Aiiri) 27.—Notwithstanding tli«* desperate |!euur t.y of the Germans, ■who are endeavoring to hold their present positions tit any cost. French trcop today registered more gains of ground in thd neighborhood of Ferny and ll irtehlse. on the Cheroin-de.-. Dames, where German a’tacks in force Thtrsday had faded completely. The artillery lias thumidered eon tinuously night and day. The detona tion causes echoing ristr- through 11■ ravines and valleys. \io*t of the slopes now have been shorn of trees. Some prisoners were brought in d-ur ing the nay. The cannon are booming men la s to Auberiym in France, wldle the in fantry of bo.h opponents apparently ■v **■ idler the grcH autt^jsot • past thiec we-k along his great due. Tlie ftr'ti'h artillery, which m the set ond week of the battle of Arra nt t-d up more shells than evtr had been used !n one action in the history of modern warfare, conduces its dead ly and destructive work. The French guns also are u< ve, wtide the Ger icon artillery answers at variotts lxsint . Apparently this is the lull be fore the next gnat clash In northern Fiance. Wh le the Germans lia*e checked tor the moment the latest effort of Field Marsha Haig's soldiers to capture tin strongly entrenched position com npmded by Crown I’rince Kipprecht. ihetr efforts to reeaptdro positions taken fnun tliens by the Hritlsh and French have met « 11li anguinory fan tire. South and northwest of S’ <lu m tin that strong and rnportant link m the Gvruiah defense so h m, British aud French troops have hurled buck Italy is Awarded Second War Loan Amount to Be Advanced By United States Will Be Between $50, 000,000 and $100,000,000. Washington, April "7. President ■Wilson has approved requests from France-and Italy for immediate finau cial aid and from $2oo,00n.O0O t $:;uo, lOOO.OOO will Ik; lent them lit the United States within the next few days. In the ycase of Italy arrangements already Have been made for the trail - fer of the m'ney and the !• an may be announced tomorrow. \\ hile the amount has not been divulged, it is understood to be between $51^.000,000 and $100,000,000. France will receive between $1.70,. ■000,010 and $200,000,000, probably the larger amount. Before the end of the next week the an should lie in Am bassador Jusserand's bands With the completion of these trans actions the total of the government's loans ti> the allies will approximate 4.700,000,000. There Is every indica tion that at least $-700,0 0,000 more will be lent the allies before the end of the fiscal year, .lone do. and the amount may run to $1,000,000,000 m re, bringing the grand total f America's leans during the firsi three months ef war up to $1,700,000,000 At this ratif $0,000,000,000 a year would be put 01V. or Uoub e the sum. pro vided for Incite war finance k,w The administration has definitely vlded for inV i The admjpi ( ontfnue its loansfto en (cute governments pending the issue nf h ud-, the money 1 eing raised by the issuance ( treasury certificates of indebtedness. It is likely that Sec retary McAd o will issue another block of J-’OO.'tOti.Odd to JL’-V'.tmn.non before tlie end of ne\i week ttirouKli tile federal reserve hanks Revised estimates of nente needs indicate that the amount they will re quire prior to dune in—the date ten tatively set for the receipt of pro ceeds for the first bond issue u’ he nearer $],uOO.OOti.OUO than the $l,b(Mi. 000,b(M) originally estimated. To meet these requirements cert if lea' es of in dehtedness may be issued tiy the treas ury department in blocks f Id.ni.nun, •ton every two weeks instead of every three weeks. The program as to this and other detui s. however, i- stlli incomplete. Seven nations have applied directly for loans or indicated that they would appreciate them, (treat Britain. France Italy, Tiussia. Belgium. Cuba and. to tile surprise of many administrati n officials. Haiti, in uddith n, it is re ported that Brazil, e iitemplatina war with Germany us the result of the diplomatic break, lias sounded in formally the sentiment of officials with a view to determining whether hpr application for a loan won d he favorably received In ea-e of German counter-aMacks with heavy l< ICflorts 01' the German crown prince to break the French grip north i of Sols-on a foiled. Recent Oer 1011 n efforts to check ttie French her1, .1 reeert from Paris says. have resuit i d in the loss of 200.W0 men killed, wounded and ca inured. In operations along the Cautbrai road and northward the British have gained some ground atul the French hive advanced near Hurt'bise on the Vaucltrc plateau as well a- at ono Point in the flgat-scarred region of Mooron vlllier-s. Over the battle line and behind tile German positions the wasp-like air planes have broil bus) a'dhig the ar tillery in finding it-- targets. Goth French and British luriPnen have bat tled desperately with German air idanes o obtain information which only they can get In numerous fight over behind and in front of inuench ments Anglo-French aviators have brought down ten German airmen and sent down 12 others damaged or out of control. Berlin claims the destruc tion of eh veil allied .machines. "General 'Maude, in his progress up the Tigris, now is before the Jehe! liamrin hills, between the Tigris and Hiala, where the Turks have en trenched after retreating from Samara. Russian torees are on the other side o ; he hi Is and at the southern tin the town of Ki/.H Italiat Is occupied jointly by British and iKunsian troops. British artillery continues to bom bard II lganan positions southwest of Ral e Dorian. Macedonia, while no ae tlvity of moment is reported from the eastern and Austro Italian fronts. 1 !’,* tide lias turned and British troops now have a real chance to fight, de. hired Premier Uoyd-George in an address at the Guild hall Friday During the firvt is days of I ho battle of Arras, he -aid, the British gained four tunes as much ground and cap tured 7u per cent more prisoners and almost hth) per cent moro guns than during the similar period at tlio be ginning of the .Sonunie offensive, wli'ct; troughi about tlie recent German re treat on that part of the front. ■ Black piracy on the high seas," as ilie Briu-)i premier called the unre stricted submarine warfare of Ger many. "has ea »scd much damage to snipping, bin," lie dec ared, "l tun con lident that il oar present program ts carried out, the submarine campaign is 1 eaten " Neutrals also continue to sinfer from the submarine menace aim 25 Norwegian ships carrying food stuffs. coal and forego to Norway have been sunk since February 1. It is announced in Washington that the bureau of war iisk insurance would de line to issue insurance on sailing vet-eN and auxiliary sailing vessels, venturing through the war zones, FRENCH ESTIMATE OF THE GERMAN LOSSES Paris, April 27—The extent of the German losses in the recent des perate fighting along the Al-no is partially disclosed in the reference in today’s official statement to the capture of l;!0 guns, of which a con siderable number were of heavy calibre. The German I sses in men are esti mated at more than 20H.O00, with the probability that the total reached 2;!5, 000. These figures include killed, wounded and prisoners and constitute one of the most formidable total.a of the present war The number of German prisoners aggregates appr ximately ihi.ooo. The usual formula among military experts is to estimate the casualties at five times the number of pris tiers, but thl- five-to-one ratio lias not held go cl in flic present ease, o win - to toe exceedingly sanguinary character of the lighting SUGCESS OF SUBMARINES GIVES GREAT CONCERN THIS QUESTION IS bROUGHT PROMINENTLY TO THE FORE FRONT OF THE WAR PROGRAM. Washington, April g’7. Evidence of fir wing success Icr the ruthless tier man submarine hi-' knde has forced the problem of supplying the entente quickly with food and other neeessi ties sharply into the fo efmut of the American government's war program Aroused by information brought t 1 this country by the Itrlti-h and French war tuissi ns, President Wilson and his cabinet gravely set ah ut today to launch with its full force as speedily us possible their campaign lo break i down the b'oekade, planned by the ad ministration as tlii nation's first phy sical stroke against Germany. The food problem occupied the cabi net meeting utmost to the exclusion of all the - liter important war ques lions. Afterward it was Indicated that tile recent German submarine ravages were considered so sueees ful that the Pnited States must marshal its resources immediately to put more merchant ships in commission to help devise some my a ns of fighting sub marines and to insure a great yield ' foodstuffs to offset the increasing de struction if food cargoes in the war /. ne. Members of the cabinet took to the meeting a great quantity <d informa tion given by the \isiting mission, including a pica by s me members of the French commi-sion that America must act quickly if the world is to be saved from famine Keeont declara tions in the British parliament were reviewed as supp ementing this evi dence. There was no attempt > con ceal the itnpressi n that the food problem hud become the most press ing question facing the Pnited Slates in it- efforts to stem the progress - f Us enemy. Although it. tails of the steps to bo] taken were not revealed, there were indications tonight that more ener getic measures might h.. cxnccted t (Jiv^vicut ntiuiu ut: ini' uni iu iunr form n- a result of the international war conferences here. To increase the trans Atlantic t' li nage tlie shipping b..ard is « living to put the Oerman and Aqrfrbm ships into service as quickl) possible and •JONTlNltlSD ON >K KOITK. AIR BATTLES ARE THRILLING CLOSING HOURS OF THE DAY WIT NESSEO WONDERFUL INCI DENTS OF DEEDS OF DARING. BRILLIANT WORK OF ONL BRITIAN AGAINST BIG ODDS Seven German Machines Crashed to the Ground During the Fighting and Eight Others Were Driven Down Completely Out of Control. (From a Staff Correspondent ot the Associated Press.) Hi the British Armies in Franco, via J/ondot), April “7, lo:35 p. m.— The German airmen had no of the greatest surprises of their lives late yesterday. The day had been heavily overcast until nearly <i o’clock in the evening, when the clouds suddenly thinned and the sun broke through A few German machines had been sighted well bark of their tines dur ing the obscured period, but when the sun shone out several enemy squad runs which had been housed all day came out to stretch their wings in the slanting afternoon's rut . They had scarcely taken the air when the British machines pounced up n them, and in the after-tea time fighting that ensued seven German machines were seen to crash and eight others to he driven down com pletely out of control, which aro be lieved to have been destroyed. Between 6 and 8 o'clock the air was filled with wonderful incidents of deeds of daring. There were running fights and gen eral melees. One distinguished young Britisher who only recently returned t the air after several months of rtst deliberately “sat over an enemy air drome'' and watched six enemy ma chines leave the ground and begin to climb toward him. He was sitting at 111,non feet and calmly remained there until the leader of the chal eng ing planes bad attained about 0,000 feet. 1 .Meantime lie had noticed that one of the hostile birds was something of a stranger. It had a very 1 tig tail rind a. very short nose. The Britisher, however, did not stop to worry about. He dived at the highest of the rlimti ers and gavt' him two bursts from his machine gun. Down went the Ger man in a crush just outside a bit of wood. While this little action w»- going on five other Germans had formed be tw 'en the 'British plane and ids home I ne Firing a tie eaino the Britisher tried too break through the formation, but faded. Then lie turned away as if about to attempt an escape toward the south. All the Germans started in pursuit. One of them soon ont di'Mtatioed the others and was approach ing tlie Britisher, when tne letter whirled about and Bred into the Ger man at iniiiii blank range and saw him burn into flames. Next in line was the long-ta'lcd, short-nosed stranger. "I drove him down, too." said the phot's report, "but after falling a groat distance be f attened out and was apparently all right.'’ A young khiki-clad phot was ear ned far from his own airdrome, hut managed to cross the British line safe ly jijst before nightfall. His machine was absolutely riddled with bullets, lint he was unhurt. Asked to tell a room his adventures the airman merely hrugged his sliulders and su'd, •t()U, i j.ist had a bit of luck, that's all." Tliis young IIvor. according too hut coni!■ niionholds the absolute belief that he will never l*> killed while fly ing and with that fatalistic assistance lakes the ino-t depenate chances, me retell being hat be 's rolling up ono of i lie most brilliant records of the war. Not content witu felling fifteen hos tile machines during their brief flit ting interval yesterdiaj. the British air men alsoo downed orte observation bal CONTINURD ON T*.UiK SICVRN IS OUTLINED WILL BE 500,00(1 DRAWN FIRST, AFTER WHICH OTHER DRAW INGS WILL BE HELD. WILL BE NO EXCUSES AFTER WORD IS GIVEN Vigorous Course of Training Will Be Given the Men Drawn Through the Conscription, and They Will Be Fit ted Thoroughly for the work That Is Ahead of Them. Washington, April 27. With enact ment of the selective draft army lull apparently assured, the war depart* nient is preparing to set machinery in moth n without delay to produce un der the mea-ure within two years a trained army of 2,000.<H>'it men. Within ten days alter the bill is signed every township in tiie country will bo registering its young men for duty, and work will have begun on the l(> training eantonments or camps where preparation < r the forces for war will start in August or Septem ber. Sites for tin eantonments have been selected tentatively, and already Pans niade f r the concentration of the troops a -signed to each. Decentralization of administral ive i work will he sought by the depart ment in every move it makes. f)e tails will not be disclosed until Ih-.j bill has passed, but it is known that registration will be carried on through sheriffs and other county’ officials, aided by postmasters r other federal agencies where that seems desirable. Instructions and forms already have been prepared and will be forwarded to the state adjutants general for d s tribution among county officials. Wide publicity is planned »» that no man liable for registration will have a good excuse for failing to re ap1 ml. Ou a date to be set every citi zen affected by the act will bo re quired on pain of heavy penalty to present himself at the nearest re<*'8 tration place, where machinery will bo provided for classifying the re cruits and eliminating those exempt. Doubtful cases will be referred t<> higher authority. with tho rolls or those liable for sorvk’o complete, the tusk of selecting the m<>n to go In the first (increment of 500,000 will begin. It has been sug gested that this be done by means of the county jury wheel. The first man whose name is drawn would go under that plan with the first 500,000 men to be culled out for training within a few months. The second drawn wou'd go with the second increment to he called six months later: the third with the third Increment with duty a year off; the fourth with the fourth incre ment, and so on. Meanwhile the work of building the cantonments will go forward. 1+egular troops and national guardsmen will be assigned to them with each arm <>t the service so represented as to pro vide the framework of a complete army division at each point. The guardsmen will be selected from the territory covered by the training dis trict so far as practicable. Police duty at the cantonments wi 1 become pari of the responsibility cf each district commandant, and lie will make such assignment vf his forces as he may deem wise. Meantime both the regu lars and guardsmen will continue re cmitlng t> war strength. With the new regiments assembled, a rigorous course of training will be undertaken. The officers’ training camps to he established within a few days In each district will begin at the end of three month- pouring new offi cers into this organization and the enlisted men selected from the ranks of the regulars for commissions will be given special instructions to fit them for officers. I ntil the army of young men presents itself at the camp - in August or September the regulars and guardsmen also will pursue a vigorous course of training. The plans call for the transfer tp the flrsr 500, (<iM) niun < btained by draft of from Ijo.wto to tbdt.ooo noncommissioned ' fficers traluud in the regular and na tional guard rug|mullt.-. It is here that the opportunity lies for men who volunteer now as en listed men in the ranks of the two services. On them, war department officials believe, even to a greater ex tent than upon the commissioned <c ffI eers. vv iI depend the efficiency of the new armies The backbone of any military organization is its noncom missioned force, and in the months that precede the calling out of the first rioo.nmt officers of the general staff in pe there will be found In the ranks i.f the regulars and guardsmen suib a supply of men competent for these positions iliat. the future of the later arm es will he assured beyond doubt. NEW QUESTIONS ASKED JURYMEN PROPOSITION AS TO WHETHER THE STRAINS OF THE "STAR SPANGLED BANNER" WOULD AFFECT A VERDICT. New York, April 27.—Ability 1<> it in the jury box and ‘‘look an alien enemy in the fact while the strains of hands p aying the “Star Spangled Banner" came through the window and yet give him a fair trial,” wan a prime qualification required by ctun nel for the defense in choosing jurors for the trial here today of Captain Franz Kintelen of the German navy Me is charged, with seven • thers. with conspiring to disrupt the entente allies’ munition trade In this country by fomenting strike . At the close of the court day 12 men had been found who sw re they could he fair under these conditions, hut they will he subjected to further quest oiling Monday. The government is said to regard the case as the cli mux < f its numerous prosecutions of German plots in thl- country. The defendants named with lilntelen in clude former Representatives H. Rob ert Fowler and Frank Buchanan, iDavid l.ainar and Frank S. Monett. It is charged that through Labor's National Peace Council, alleged to have been mainly financed by Kin telen, they brought about labor trou bles iu munition plants and among pier workers handling shipments. Lamar, known as the “\W If of Wall Street,” was brought from Atlanta federal penitentiary, where he is serv ing a term for Impersonating a gov ernment officer. Vote Comes Today on Selective Draft Bill Enactment of the Administrc Bill By a Large Majority/ Seems Assured, / Wash ngton. Aid'll 27.—Uoth houses of congress sot uu’il lute, tonight to clear the way lor passage tomorrow of the war army hill under which mil lions of men are to ho raised and trained. Apparently enactment of the :i<1 rrynt^tration'* «e ective drafi hy large majorities is us-ured, although 1 lie volunteer advocates will fight un til the roll call. ■Champions In the house of an amendment d( signed to permit Colonel Roosevelt to recruit a volunteer force tor immediate service In France lo»t tlie'r fight iato today on the first vo'.o taken utii r the clo.-e of general do hate. The amendment, offered by Repre sentative Austin of Tennessee ana vigorously supported hy Representa tive Gardner of .Massachusetts aad other-s was defeated, 170 to 100. Among those who \oted lor it wan 'Miss Rankin of Mon ana. who teartu'ly op posed the war resolution. The house leaders a? re d to have a vote immediately after convening toV a 01 row on an amc idment wh'ch would restore the measure io the form tn w >.eli .t uiii.- from aj war depart np-nt. eliminating the volunteer eeo lion suhsi A.'ted hy the military com m tie'' General d. ha e was closed early' m the afternoon w ith final state ments by t'liairman IK-at of the mil iary committee for he volunteer •*e»J Hon ami Repr< tentative Ka'in of Cali fornia, the republican member, lead* ■ iif4 the administration fi^lit, for tna general staff plan, Scores of meru mis spoke tonight un der i lie rule permitting five-minute spei . lies r,n amendments. One of the first wu. Representative Mann, the re* an lean floor leader, who broke hie silence on the subject of couscriptioa wi.’h an emphatic declaration in favor Of tilt; staff bill. On the senate side the debate con tint * d throughout the day anti tonight with only occasional flares of interest trim the floor and galleries. The load, i rs have agreed to take tlio final vote in fon* adjournment tomorrow night. »• Minor differences in the measure as it will pas.- tlie two bouses probably will nice.-sltate a conference, but tha b'll in exi>ected to in? ready for Presi dent Wi son's signature by the middle of next week. Tht n the pluns of the war (lo'iwrtment, already carefully laitl( will be put into operation. Vear midnight, when the senate was aiiout to adjourn. Senator Ini Fol'ett? took the floor and announced his In* teuton of speaking. He has. pending amendments to stnke out the dra.’B provision and to submit the question of raising an army to a referendum. Senator La Follctte had a great pilu g)f books and papers before him and fren'ly Inteiwltd to tag several •-*. Luder the rules a "enator can. CONTINUED ON PAGE SEVEN MANY MONTHS STILL AHEAD FRENCH OFFICIALS DISCUSS THE SITUATION FRANKLY WITH THE AMERICAN GENERAL STAFF. LRSS OF TKOOPS ESTIMATED AT 10 PEK CENT A MONTH There Was No Indication That the French Officers Had Any Sugges tion to Make as to the Part the United States Army Is to Play in the War. Washington, April 27.—While def inite ascendancy over liir tierman war machine lias been established by the allied forces in (France, both lin per s nnel and equipment, and eventual victory is in sight, many months of bitter lighting are still ahead. This i- the view of military experts attached t France's war commission I as gathend by. offi'era ut the Ameri can general staff today daring inform al conversath ns at the war depart ment The French officers discussed the situation most frankly. 'Much of wlmt was said was strictly confi dential, and information as to the m medlate military situation of the tit most importance was freely gfven un der that seal. In addition, the American experts obtained many facts and figures apply ing directly to problems to be consid ered by the United State- in raising its war army and which are not re garded as military secrets. Statements of the Frenchmen fully confirmed conclusions reached by the general staff after its long study of los e in all armies actually engaged la ICurope <u an effort to learn the PONTINFlCf> ON PAGE FOUR.