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1 RENT THAT VACANT ROOM People looking for rooms turn to the classified ads of the newspapers to see what is offered. An ad in the Sentinel-Record is almost sure to bring you a customer. t THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES WEATHER FORE ' Forocast for Arkansas—S Monday partly cloudy to clou Sunday. ========-______ - . VOLUME XXXIV. TWELVE PAGES HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 29, 1917. NUMBER 294 TUr no ATT Dili m u I lit linArl dill Vote in Senate Was 81 to the House 397 to 24 Final Roll Call Brought In * to Line Behind the Bill Many Senators and Repre sentatives Who Fought for the Volunteer System. Senator Kirby Held Out to the Last and Was One of the Five Democrats to Vote Against the Bill-Vardaman Was Excused From Voting-All Ar kansas Congressmen Voted for the Administration Bill. Washington. April 2X.- -Rv over whelming majorities bota the senate | anti house passed ate tonight the ad minis'ration bill to rai-e a war arm\ by selective draft The final r II rails brou ht into lin■■ a behind the lull many "uat< i and rep " regent*lives win> had fought for the volunteer system until routed by de cisive defeat of volunteer amendmen' earlier in (he day in l> i li li uses The senate, which had voted down the volunteer plan, hit to IS. passed w L 1 by a vole of -1 to - In the min e*the vote a tins, the v lunt*■< •• plan was T13 to JtW. and that by which the bill llself was passed. iitT to 21. 'as passed by the senate the meas ure provides for the draft .of men between :he ages of 21 and 27 years, while in the house measure the agf limits are fixed as 21 and b< Th s and lesser discrepancies will In* threshed out in e nfe ’enee early next week, so that the bill may be In no bands of the president as quickly a : possible. The war department ni [ reaily has completed plant l r inrry ing it into effect. Senators who voted again ~t the bill were; Democrats—("lore. Hardwkk K irl>>.. Thomas noil Tramell Republicans Borah. (Ironnn ami j .n>'-' llettc— Total. S. Senator Vardanian of .Mississippi, Democrat, was excused from voting, at his own request lie did not give a reason. The 24 repre-entatives who voted in the negative were: iDenioerat.s Burnett, Church. Clark of Flotilla. Ciaypoo, Crosser, Dill. Dominick. Coni n, Hillyard, Huddles nn, Keating, Sears, Sherwood, Sis son I I. l+epitldi' alts Ihu-on, 'Hayes. King, l.al’ollette, laindeen *f Minnesota, Mason. Nolan Powers x Prohiliitionisr Hand,ill I Socialist- I.ond n I. Total. ID. Until senate and hou e adopted amendments Just before he final roll ca Is whii li wV uld greatly Increase the pay of enlisted then during the war. The house provisi n would make their pay $ :n a month and that ap proved by the senate would fix it at $2!' a month The present pav is only $Ki. In the h use at the last moment Chairman Fitzgerald of the appropria lions committee objected vigorously tj the appropriation . f $3,04)0,0(10,oim carried in the hill for the expenses of the new army and the section finally was eliminated. Mr Fitzgerald de dared that to place this vast sum in the hands of the secretary of war would make of <• ngress a "mere CONTINUF.I, ON PA<ilit T1IRKE. RooseOelt Authorized to Raise Four Divisions Senate Adopts Amendment to Draft Bill Giving Authority to Raise This Army. Washington. April jv Senator Harding's amendmen to the arntj lull! designed to permit toboie! Roosevelt; to raise lour infantry divisions to go to the h\ ropean buttle front wa adopted tonight by the tentile, rp; t. dl. Many democrats voted fm the a mendment. ihe aiawotwiient does not <■ ■ Mu-ttij mention Colonel iltoosevell, Ins it purpose has l>een understood and ps uutlior referred to the tact it would permit the former president to raise ttoops to go to Kurope. It was not discussed at length. , Si nulor Ashurst, FJro vs-ard, tioro, 'Hardwick, Holl a, H'tst'tiK. Johnson of South Dakota. Kirby. McKellar, Myers. Owen, I’oinerene, Ram-dell.'K'‘ed, Rob iiison, SnulKbury, Thomas, Thompson. V'inlanaii and Williams, democrats, siippoiicd the amendment. Senators Brady, G.ottna, Iji Folletle and War ren, republicans, voted attains! It. The senate also accepted, *>:: to i!a, an -.unendnieu by i.-enator Fall of New I.Vlextco ai-thorizinK the president to call inib service three or more retp ^om^'onts ytf mounted volvmteers for srrv it 1\ confine Hie operation of the draft to t.’n period o; the ev ting iiiht gemy and ano.her by Senator New itov thug that notwith-u.iiiding tin- ex e nipt lone in the bill each slata niu.it tarnish iis ipmia iii proportion to pop ulation. chairman Chamberlain iciopcd an of:,er amendment a ihor! ,'iip the pres ident to raise by \ ol ntary eul'si metit or tlraf: snob "speehtl and teehineal troops” at he deem- nei-e “arv. Mr. Chamberlain said this would apply par ii1 ilarly to railroad and other work er of that character. I ROOSEVELT EXPRESSES WILLINGNESS TO GO AS A'SECOND LIEUTENANT Chicago, \prd b’S. •‘•|’inn and atm." With this battle civ T|i*' .lore tjon.-u veil entered Chicago today and hi two stifling speeches urged that every en ergy of tlie entire nation tie d reeul toward making th potent ini might <d the I'nited Slates > ( jn Lli«> war against Oerniany. ile dome till'd that not on hour be lost in di-patchlng troops to the trenches. U's first speech w,> made at a luncheon at noon: Ida second a a CONTINt Kl> ON rAOK1 BIX. METHOD OE TRAINING TO BE ADOPTED MEN WILL BE PUT THROUGH PRACTICE AS ON THE BATTLE FIELD OF FRANCE. TKAININli SYSTEM 111 FOLLOW THAT OL CANADA The Army War College Has Prepared New Training Manuals, Based On the Latest Information From the Trenches of the Fighting Front, Gathered From Many Sources, Washington. April 28 -—S. dioring "ill take on an asepct entirely new to American military science when training <>f the f roes to he assembled under tin* dealt hill begins at tin* s.x Yuen training cantonments. Careful plan- laid |,j war department officials provide tor Jhe application imme diatelv of every lesson learned fr'm i.nropean halt efieb!s, and much of the work to be done will be new even to nten recently in army instruction camps 'I he army war college has prepared new training manuals, bused on the latest informal n from the trenches of tiie fighting fronts, gathered from many sources. Supplemental regain lions will c ver even more detailed information brought by the British and French officers1 here as members of the war missions. The American training system prob ably will f low to some extent that used in Canada, where instruct" rs have made every effort 10 reproduce as closely as possible condiii iis at the front. Sections of trenches have been built at the Canadian camps exactly duplicating important parts of the lints in France held by Canadian troops. Training in extending these works and running saps or erecting entanglements has gone on to the ac e mpaniraent of shell tire, so as to harden the nerves of the troops as well as their must1 es. To carry out this scheme the Ca nadians have placed batteries op posite the trenches, and keep up a lire at certain designated points. The infantrymen under training have done their work night and day with shrapnel bursting clo-e to them. The officers, of course, know the points to lie pounded by the guns and keep the men > ut of danger, \ not her w rk that will be new to American troops will he bombing practice. Kvery wompatiy will have its section of grenadiers to clear the way into a disputed trench. It re quires practice to perfect men iti this revived art of wjjr and in repelling bombing parties. Machine gun work will he revoiu ti nized in tircat Britain a separate machine gun corps ha- been created to turn ut complete machine gun c m pan es which handle the heavy water cooled Vickers-,Maxim guns on defen Hive lines in each company are skilled mechanics to make repairs, highly trained gunners, packers anil ammunition handlers. Among the line troops also are scattered grea nunibe-s of light machine rifles for offense, one man carrying the gun and several I'd owing h tn up with amnuint t n as he creeps forward fr m shell hole to shell hole in the very front line of each attacking iavo. With the artillery, all the compli cated m< hanism for curtain and bar rage fire must be provided for. It takes long training to fit gunners for this work and absolute^certainly of the ines of cominnnicn v n with the ohservafi n post- j So. for each element mf the army there are days of endVess toil ahead. I ' CONTINUED OW( I'AUK TWO* t VOLUNTEER ADVOCATES TURNED DOWN VOTE TURNING DOWN PROPOSI TION IN THE HOUSE WAS 279 TO 98. CHAMP CLARK ABUSES HIS EONSTITUENTS denounces Them as Cowards for Urg ing Him to Vote for the Bill Advo cated by President Wilson—Refers to Them as Old Skulkers and Cowards. Washington, April 2'v—Both senate and hom e voted approval today ef the administration's proposal to raise a great war army on the principle of selective conscription, voting dr wn by overwhelming majorities the volun teer army amendments around which opponents of the administration plan had centered their fight. Toni 'ht the selective draft bill was pa-sod in both houses. In the senate the vote on the vol unteer amendment was 69 to IS and in the house it was 279 to 98, support ers of conscription marshalling a strength which surprised e>eu ad-J ministration leaders*. W hether congress finally would nr cept the stuff's recommendations re garding the ages between which con scription should apply appeared more uncertain. In the senate the hill’s stipulation that men between 19 and 2.7 should tie liable to the draft was changed to make the minimum 21 and/ titc maximum 27. The house voted/ down all proposed changes in the ruiii-/ tary committee's rcc mmendation that! the limits tie fixed at 21 and Id. / These and a number of lesser j amendments w !l he considered as speedily as possible in conference in the hope that the measure may he sent to the president for hi- signature by the middle of next week. Among the more important amend ments adapted by the house was one empowering the president to exempt from the draft in his discretion per J ns engaged in agricultural work. Another would require each state to furnish a quota of men apportioned according to population, and still another provides that "no bouty sha ' be paid to induce any person to en list." and that "no persin liable to military service shall hereafter be per mitted or allowed to furnish a sub stitute for such service.” In the senate there was a long de bate over proposals to prohibit the sale or possession of intoxicating liquor- during the war. Sf-veral amendments were adopted, including one t* make it unlawful to sell or give liquor to officers or men in uniform or to members of congress or other officials, and then the senate reversed itself and ail pted a substitute simpl) forbidding sale of liquor to soldiers in unif rtn and giving the president wide discretionary authority to make other prohibition regulations. In the house a similar amendment was rejected on a point of order. An amendment by Senator Curtis stipulating that men subject to draft who voluntarily present themselves shat be recorded as volunteers was ae< epted hj Chairman Chamberlain and went into thp bill. An ther long debate was evoVed over amendments by Senators Thomas and 1-aFollette to exempt from con script;, n those having “conscientloe < lijections" In military service, t'floth were defeated without a roll ••'boll, and the bill's exemption p>vv.-,t sals left nn changed. Many of tl- I I radical amend ments*' " V. 8f\n/*l>eeted to be ■new aiul admini HAND Til HAND FIGHTING BETWEEN BRITISH AND GERMANS stration Headers hope to restore virt ually all of the important features of the hill to their original form before M. Roes to tlie president. The (pie lion of ages probably will form the biggest barrier to a quick conference agreement. The debate on conscription brought some dramatic passages in both sen ate and house. In the senate the issue was fought cat on Senator McKellar’s amendment which would authorize a call for 500,000 volunteers) and put conscription join effect unless the ha I million men did not respond within 00 days. Mr. 'MoKellar pleaded that, this plan would not interfere with the draft plan, but would <<8]K>W tt,ft world that we are a patriotic and not a conscript nation.” Senator Johnson of California also advocated a call for volunteers to place an American force in Rurope. Immediately. The vote was os follows: For the volunteer amendment: Democrats—Gore, Hardwick, Kirby, Mc.Kellur ,Rced, Th mas, Trammell and Vardanian—S, Republicans—<Borah, Cummin*, Cur tis, Fall, Galiigau, Gronna. Johnscn of California. UikYdlette, Norris, Sher man—dfl. Against the volunteer amendment: Democrats — Ashurst, Bankhead, Beckham, Broussard, Chamberlain, Cifberson, Fletcher. Gerry, Mills, Hatching. James, Johnson of South Dakota, Jones of New Mexico, King, Lewis, Martin, Meyers, Overman, Owen, Phelan, PiHmann, Unmerone Ransdell, Rollins' n, Sanlsbury, Shaf roth, Sheppard, Shields, Simmons, Smith of Arizona, Smith of Georgia. Smith of Maryland, Smith < f South Carolina, Stone, Swanson, Thompson, Underwood, Walsh, Williams, Wol cott—-10. Republicans — Brady, Brundegoe, Calder, Colt, Dillingham. Fernald, Franco, FreCinghuysen, Hale, Harding, Jones of Washington, Kellogg, Kenyon. Knox, Lodge, MoCnmber, McLean, Ndlst'n, New, Page, pentose, pin dexter, Smoot, Sterling, Sutherland, Wadsworth, Warren, Watson, Weeks —29. After the McKellar amendment had been rejected Senator Trnmeil re opened the draft question by offering 'an amendment proposing to substi tute the volunteer system throughout the bill. It was rejected by an over whelming roar of "noes.” In the house there was no roll call. The Oong fight came to a close early in the afternoon, when Representative Kalin of California moved to strike out the volunteer provision written into the bill by the h use military committee. As the result of the vot ing became apparent the members and the galleries broke into cheers, while Speaker Clark, Chairman Dent of the military committee. Chairman Padgett of the naval committee and other Democrats who had fought the ad ministration’s plan sat silently in their seats. Democratic Deader Kitchin, w ho was expected to vote against conscription, responded to the call for u quorum just before, but was not present for the vote on the amendment. Miss Rankin of Montana voted with the volunteer advocates. Throughout the remainder of the house debate pro-volunteer members frequently opened discussion of their proposal, the climax coniine when Speaker Clark declared he might drive out of his district, some of those whtv'' had urged that he vote for conscrip tion. / "A lot of old sktinkers oil over the country who think th«u nobody is go ine to be forced in' » this war except hoys from 1!l tr> 2.",," the speaker suitl, "and that t*-e e miserable, cowardly hides wiD be safe, have been sending teleere *hs here. I know them. I know eve i> man in my district who has tele graphed me, and I know who is <tt the ir ttom of it, and I ran take a double bnrre led shotgun and run out of my district every man who sent me a tele gram to vote for conscription, and if school does not keep to. hmg. I will run a few out, too.” I CONTIN V HI * ON P AOK3 TIOkKB. Fierce Encounters in Which the Bayonet and the Rifle Butt Were Used Freely Marked the Fighting. To the .Canadians, the Conquerors of Vimy Ridge, Fell the Work of Cap turing Arleux-British Made an Ad vance on a Front of Nearly Ten Miles. * - ; * ^ British troops, In a desperate at tempt to turn the northern wimr o" Drconir'.-Qneant line, have advanced cm a front of nearly ten m les and cap tured the vilhute of Arlenx en-tlolielle, nine miles west of [tonal. The most violent liuhtuiK marked the ho tie and Micces-M ve German counter-attacks made at heavy sacrifice failed to check the Uriti-h. To the Canadians, conquerors of the famous Vuny ridge, foil the work o; capturing Arleux in a brilliant assault. German co liter-attacks failed to move them and in handto-liuml fighting tin M ucking tureen were driven back. Fierce encounters in which the bay onet and rit e butt were used freely marked the fighting wiring the rest of tile bade front front cs-t of the V'tnn ridge snub ai ro*s the IScarpa to Monchy-le l’reux. Field Mar.-hal Haig's jnen also gabled ground northeast of Gavrelle, between Gavrelle and Hoenx anil north of Monchy-lc-I’reux. In ad dition to their heavy sacrifices in Hill'd and wounded the Germans loss, 500 prisoners. The capture of Arle ix widens con siderably the British salient in the German positions directly ea. t of Duuui, file objective in this fighting. It threatens, too, the southern de fenses of 1 ens, as we'l as the village of Proconrt, th<" northern end of the lino, on which military experts say* the Germans have pinned their hope lor the afet.v of Doual and the region it commands'. Tito British taced a well organized trench system that only partly had been destroyed by the prerainary bom* barrtment. Early reports from the bat tle showed 0»ib the British for the time at least hud broadened the wedge they previously drove into the Ger 11 saa lines near Gavrelle. Herl'n declare* t.lie Ttrltl&h attack* all lai'ed under the German firo and that the Hritt-h losses were great. It adds that the attempt to break through the German Hnea “failed completely.’’ Further south between St. Quentin and the River Oise the French kept the Germans busy with on intense ar tillery bombardment. \ heavy artillery duel also wa* in progress in the Cham pagne, but no infantry fighting of im portance was reported along that part of the front occupied by French t roops. Grii'emala is the late t nation to join the ranks of Germany's adversa ries bj breaking off diplomatic rela tions on Saturday, handing his pass ings to the German minister and of fering to the United States use of her waters, port-* and railways “tfor the common defense." CONTINUED ON PAGE TtITtEta. No Hope of Saving ' Entombed Mitters / -■ ■•■■■ - - - - / » - ' Rescue Men Who TJaCe Been in Mine*Be1ieCe There it No One Let// Alive. Hastings, Colo., April 28.—Vi.itual y ail hope of saving any i f C>*e 1-n men entombed in the HastieiKs mine of the Viotor-American ly’iel (' nipany here yesterday morn /fig by an explosion was abandoned tonight. Charles Dalrymple,. ^ta'e mine inspector, who came f'/om the mine late today, gave if nj»s nis opinion that there was no one left alive In the mine. Tlesoue men who have been in the mine ex pressed themselves similarity. G-. r. Bartlett, president of the com pany, however, dee ared the work f rosette will go on until there is no hope any of the entombed men s alive. Karly tonight 1.'! bodies hud been taken from the mine. Mr. halrymple, who penetrated the workings to within 200 feet 1' the face of the mine, said the rescue I crews knew where there were six r eight other bodies which they cuiltf j not reach until the gas cleared away, j • In my opinion, there was no fire in the mine." Mr. H'alrymple said. Asi to the can-o ot the d saster he said* •‘We cannot tell until we reach th<p Initial point of the expmalon. We art ] working the n rth side or the air course and coming back cn the south searching every ^ntry |n which men wore working.” The reports that the mine was afire and that there had been no explosion, now reversed are explained by mine officials as due to the fact that no shock as from an explosion was felt, anti that considerable smoke and gas, now assumed to bo from the explosion, poured from the mine mouth for some time. The merely curious have been pre vented from approaching the Im promptu morgue in the machine shc-p. At the mouth of the air shaft a crowd waits for news from under ground. A few women braved the snowstorm of the late afternoon and early evening. None of them con tell whether the bodies brought out are thcee of dear ones, but many weep and all cry out whenever a stretcher with it- burden is borne up the stopo, I.ate tonight a total of U bodies had been recovered. rThe date for the inquest will not p set until a 1 bodies have been re covered, it was announced tonight.