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ENT THAT VACANT ROOM FORECAST People looking for rooms turn to » .... ——— e classified ads of the newspapers see what is offered. An ad in the Forecast for Arkansas—Wednesday lngnyou a cu‘tonier.iU,0St BU'e l° THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES a"d Thursday fair, rising temperature. VOLUME XXXIV. hot springs, Arkansas, Wednesday morning, may 9, 1917. number 302. Canadians Are Forced to Give Way After Five Days of Hard Fighting. The French Have Better Success and Repulse the German Attack South • of Berry Au Bac, the Germans Leav ing Behind Numerous Dead on the Battlefield and 120 Prisoners. IN>w York, May S. After v d.i. rf extraoidm ary hard t'ghtin ■ ■ etwee the Canadian* and the Germans. tie l>ttl« v-llajto Of Presnoy, lying onth rust. of Lena, and t.t cadjarent wood are again in German hand In thn re aking of these pos.iiit), twhero the -Canadians had st- -d for days holding the most advanced sal rnt. in the British line proje-iliig to ward Do" a*, the Germans <-\ tenth paid a terrible price. Preceded hy .1 heavy* artillery lire in »h . a phy.v la'.ing gas ."'ells also w-»r* :s*-d in large numbers, the counter a fa- . wa launched in the early mom mg. The machine gun and rule f tv of Ihe defenders met the German- a they threw themaeUes fi-rward. they would not. be dented and final fene'rated the trene nor:hc-ist the village and even entered the <* t hldrtH or the village it-elf Their tenure of the position, howe-er, wa* fhort lived, for the Canada soon afterward retnrned o the tray, drove nut -the Germans and again, held fu’l pwnv. Reform ng later and reinforced b two frec.h divisions, the German aa rn made a bid for victory alone the en lire front before the v'i.age and wood The right “wing of the defender -.eld F’.eadfixtiy and in!”ict-ed heavy lossc: on the German*. The let ting. how ever. notwithstanding its -tubborn re ■iflanee, w as compelled to give ground end to evacuate the vi.lage and w od. lent In ; them in the hands o! the Get mans. Berlin reports that 2',,> pr-son trs and six machine guns fell into :• hand-, of tike Germans. There has been n ro-.* nn.-» -on ot the violent fighting i-othwnrd u the ltd leco- rt and Romix-sector-, i t no if table changes in posh -on ha - bee reported. Although the !*ite«- Fren h official | communication reports no infantry I action during Tuesday along the '.m ■ j held hy tfito French In Frati -e, the \ sociited. Pre-m enrre-oomlont w th tho | French armies tells ot a despe:ate| Gchinan attach south ot IVm An Bar. J ■which wa. .-ang- -ir-irlly repulsed, the j Germans leaving behind numerous dead on the battlefield and l-'-» r!« oners The pri oners, togeihei with others taken in small rad-, have broug-iHt tbo eap arcs by the Frem-h u the late-it (yff-en-sive since \piil lb to between 2t),nno and un.i'-m. The artlllory activity along t'-e er <irn Macedonian front continues v-> .civ tulicaPng possibly the near «"• in-on- !> of a general offensive. Small engagement - between entente forces and \u trians and Turkish troops hi tween lake Of hr da and Lake 1‘resba and between entente and Teutonic ul 1 ed troop along the Corna .are r< - JjOrtld. \o withstanding the fact that In Gertiwny the agitation continues tense for the imperial chancellor to coni' nto the open and state w ml Ge: many - pence terms ore. an .-noftic al d patch from Copenhagen w<v-id hi dica'e that too peace required by the German people is not in sight. l*r. | Ivarl HelC'eri h. the German v w • • ch;>u [eellor. is quoted a having said in a ••••ecu .11 the rnch-tak witn regard to pf ice: ■\V, are not yet atile to obtain it. We mu*t still tight for >t." DECREASE IN NUMBER OF SINKINGS BY SUBMARINES London. Way <. \ subsiontial ile • re.ise n • r imbt-r of -ti-kuics by • •marines ,n the !a-t week will tie 'hown in die forthcoming weekly re port of shipping lo-o- In fact, it is tated, ’he report will shoyv the small est losses in the last three weeks. Vo reason for this is given out by off■« ial sources, tmt. it is plainly n fimated that considerable progre-s has been made in h-e anti-submarine cam paign. There is no gttanm'ee that the weekly ]os es will not again assume darning prbportions. but the ia. t t ..«• they hi.i- been substantially reducer i-, eneo.’r agin g o (hose in charge oi the campaign and it is believed that the n--yy measures to combat the un derwater i taft arc already showing crap: tig re nit ATTORNEYS ARGUE THE VAWTER CASE. c'liri tianshurg. Ya . May 8.—The trial of Charles K. Yaw • r for the murder of Rtoekton 1 Toth. ,Ir. ysa> halted for a t me tins ufiern ->n when Judge Moffett adjourned court to a. loyv members of the jury to compose hemselves. it j. Jordan, who was speaking for the defense, had brought tears to the eyes of court, jury and peetators with a verbal picture of the tragedy and in attack on Hi h. Coiuimouyveallli’s Attorney It. 1. It OOP spoke for the pro •• ut.-ot today. The (-a e is expected to go to the jury 'emorr-iyy. J L. I.e* clo-ing tor the state. Plans to Destroy Submarines No Dream r Secretary Daniels Declares NaOal Consulting Board Will Turn Out Something Worth While. I Wash ngton, May R. Hope is j brightening that American inventive! genius has f:und the road that may lend to rreedom of the sp.ix from (let' man submarines. A conference of untv mil imp rtanc” tvas held tonight at the home of Sec : rotary Daniels. It. was called in or der that. ItUli i iTicails of the nav> might go over with members of the naval consulting board the expert ments already tried and those that are n pr'spect, "They believe they are on the right road," Mr. Daniels said. "They be lieve they are going to turn cut some thing that is worth while. There \vl 1 he more experiments. Further than that [ do not chtc to say." Other oft!dale detlnred the scient ists were « ming down to brass lacks.'- that the period of reaching oul after every suggestion was pass ing, and that definite orystallizat n of the work on which the foremost Ameri can experts have concentrated was certain to come soon Reports also were available tonight from Th mas A. Kdison, who is at work on a somewhat diti'eren line n | n vent ion. After the conference tonight, Score-1 tnry 'Daniels said: j , "We have gone over all the prob lems connected with combating the submarines, and experts of the con suiting board will continue their ex periments with inventions designed to eliminate the menace. 1 ran > nly say iIti-- concerning tht.r w rk tin■! plans are no dream. They are ver\ i Important and far-reaching. WHEAT CROP ESTIMATES UNITED STATES WILL RAISE ONLY ENOUGH WHEAT TO FEED ITS OWN PEOPLE. WINTER CROP FAR LESS TRAN FIVE YEAR AVERAGE Unless the Spring Wheat Crop Is Far Above the Average There Will Be a Great Shortage of the Cereal Throughout the World. Washington. May R.—Official wheat crop estimates announced today show thip with the world facing a bread shortage the t'nitcd S'ates, unless it cuts its present consumpticn, prob uldy will produ<- only enough wheat th s ve it- t ettpply its r>,\n population. The forecast, compiled by the De partment of Agriculture on conditions May I, put this country's winter wheat yield tit tau;,mm,ooo bushels the small ■st in 1”. year*. There will he ro estimate 01 spring wheat acreage until July, but with a cr p of 250.000,000 bushels, wh.ch is higher than the -cr age. this country would gTow th s year a t tal of only (Ilf,nOit.OOO bushels The n nnal American consumption, with seed reuqirements, is put at slightly more than fi00.000.00o hu-hels. The country's greatest spring wheat crop was :t52,000,000 bushels, pro duced in 1915. 'I’li,. five year average from 1910 to 1914 is 22-1.000 000 bushels. The estimated production this year of 2f.i5,0«o.O<iO bushels f win ter ".vbeat falls 110,000,000 btr hols short of las’ year’s poor crop and this. ■itMi.OOO liol w that of 1915, a bumper rop. It is 129 co',000 bushels less than the average f ■ ihe preceding live years. Reserve stocks this year are said to he lower Ilian at any prenoui. t:mc litis season. The visible supply is put now at go.'ino.tmo bushels, with a somewhat larger invisible stock. The 1 vies' visible stocks i \et reporter! in fhte I'llited State were 0.000,000, tin July 1. two years ago. When harvest ins of the new < rop begin ■? in Juiy f litis year I is estimated that the re serve will be even lower Ilian that The allies' wheat requirements 1' r the coming year are tint at 5O0.O0O,0iMt bushels as a minimum. The Dulled Stales will be asked to supply more than half that amount. Wheat cropi in other parts of the world are poor. The Argentine cr p failed, and home consumption will require the entire yield. Canada's pr durtion is con I lied chiefly In a spring cr p of nor mally about 200,000,000 bushels, much of which is available for export. Since ihe war started America lias exported to I'urogo wist quantities of wheat, reaching a high mark ot 222. 000,000 bushels in 1915 I.ast year tile t tal tell to 242,000,000 bib-hols. De fore the war it ran slightly less than 1 Oo.itoo.OOty bushels. Iii a statement accompanying its re port t> day the agriculture department declared that although, the winter wheat crop condition is the poorest on record, crop conditions otherwise are favorable, “The extent of plowing and plant ing done by May ],”’ the statement said, "was above the average. In 1012 the winter wheat cr p fell below 400,• 000.000 bushels, the lowest since 1004, but notwithstanding this low produi li n of winter wheat, the spring wheat crops and total production of all crops in that year was the largest en rec ord.” The department is making every effort to ediyale the \mrrl'\in people to a greater use * f rornmeal for bread. Corn is America's htg crop, but c\ 1 cept n tye South it never has sup planted wheat l r bread. Department 1 officials believe America nun t turn to j corn to I release whe it for shipment abroad If tho allies are to be fed .ind (Jertnany is to be defeated. Herbert C. Hoover, chairman <ir tho food <1 rnmitteo of the Co in il of Na tional 'Defense, wh' is strongly in favor of a more limited use of wheat in this country, appeared before tho senate agricultural committee today and urged a separate department of the government to deal with the food question. He recommended absolute government control of certain staples, particularly grain and sugar. Ho asked prompt action on the adminisfra t ion's food biils and pointed to allied food troubles as proof of t!he necessity f-r taking hold of the situation early in the war. CcntralizaHon of food control, ATr. Hoover told tho committee, ia vital. Europe, be said, had found maximum price fixing a failure, but minimum price fixing has had better success. The. bills advocated by Mr. Hoover gives the president and the depart ment f agriculture a direct control cf the country's food resources. Sinre Mr. Hoover's return from Europe there have been suggestions that the meas ure may be changed to allow creation of an emergency organization to ad minister their more drastic provi ns. Price fixing and distributing prohibi tions will be dealt with by this body if created. The bills as drawn give the agricul tural department p wer to reduce wheat consumption to some extent by ordering an increase in the amount of wheat kernel used in fb ur manufac ture Europe is using a larger per centage sttc'es-fully now, although at first s me of the allied countries used tao much of the whole wheat and their bread was declared injurious to the health -o ROOSEVELT APPEALS FOR PATRIOTIC SERVICE I OUR MILITARY, SOCIAL INRUS. TRIAL PART IN THE WAR IS DISCUSSED. N’cvv York, May S.—An appeal for patriotic service end devotion to the nation in itis- hour of need, imade to night by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, letoro 'lie King’s county republican committee in Brooklyn, evoked great enthusiasm. Tho meeting was at tended not only by the committeemen, and party leaders of (ho county, but by many of the most prominent resi dents of Brooklyn. A dinner in honor of Colonel Roose • It. given by 1'iuted ‘States Senator W illmm M. (’aider, prectded the meet ing. The grest;> included the as sembly di-trict republican leaders of Kings ceunty. ‘ULiving failed in time of peace to prepare ' r war," Theodore Roosevelt said in !ii|,.s speech, "(he United States and the entente allies w 11 pay for this net of folly before the war end*. Meanwhile, he urged, Americans must I ear them'elves man full v in tho con Hun "and |w.iy with our blood," send ing to tile front as rapidly' as possible a great form of fighting men. The former presideu: discus-oil tho country's particiiiat'oun n the war in its military, social and industrial 1 bases. He suggested incorporation of the unmarried men of the national guard of tin*• state- into regiments tilled oout either by the draft or from volunteers from the uKompted classes, and the dispatch of these men to Fiance or Fngland for u period of In tensive training ^preparatory to taking their places on Hie firing Pile. Colonel Roosevelt emphasized neces • l.v for the practice of economy and avoidance of waste, said there should he no iimpioper profit-making, hut that reasonable proms should.nor he rPm it'uted' discussed methods of financing the war; and asserted tihtat the great problem which confront the nation could not he solved "In a spirit of class greed" with capital and labor not in partnership. America h is a two fold duty at this time, Colonel Roosevelt said -first, "immedately to meet with every In strumen' already available, the imme diate needs of the war," and econd, "permanently to shape our policy not merely in military, Imt in soc'al and industrial imatters, so as to place this republic on a permanent fminda on of jujstice and strength." Reiterating IPs approval of obliga tory universal military training and -ervnc, the (X) Ion el again urged n«e ot volunteers not Included m tihie draft ay nr? be men co'Id l>e p’weed at the trout wihtin ninety days. "Any attempt to ktyep omr men here ond train them for a year before semi ini’ them over," lie said .'would moan that we would rightly awaken the coArn f our allies for tho delay, and $100,000,000 DELIVERED TD FRENCH AGENT THE MINIMUM DENOMINATION OF BONDS TO THE LIBERTY LOAN TO BE $100. BONDS WILL BE PAYABLE IN SEVERAL INSTALLMENTS Maturity of Bonds Will Be Governed by the Ability of the Allies to Set tle—The Maximum Denomination of the Bonds Will Be $100,000. " • Washington, May 8.—I>cta;ls of the $2,000,000,0(H) liberty bond issue ac to maturity, denominations and terms of payment neared oompleti n today at an all-day conference of treasury and fedtral reserve Isinnl officials While the entire program is subject to revi sion, indications were t night that the conferees had agreed on the following features: ‘‘Maturity • The bends to lie re deemable hy the government, at its option, ;n 15 year- and due in ;!0 years “Denominations: 1'lie minimum do nominations to tie $100, the maximum $100,000. “Terms of payment: A small per centage, ranging from 2 to t> per cent and pr hably 2 1-2 per cent, to be pay able at the time the subscription is offered, the balance to tie paid in in stallments." There probably will he at least four Installments, possibly six. Install ments may be called for every two weeks or every 30 days. Formal announcement of the details will be made by Secretary McAdoo. The conference among officials js to bo resumed tomorrow morning to de cide certain details before placing the whole program before the secretary for his approval. The program, ns evolved today, is Incomplete, and may be materially altered before Mr, Mc Adoo makes hie formal announce ment. In considering the question of ma utrities the conferees were giflded largely by the suggesti ns of repre sentatives of entente governments, to which a part of Iho proceeds will he loaned. These representatives have expressed a 'willingness to have the maturities set at any date that will tie most exited lent for thus govern ment. At the same time, treasury officials have considered carefully the present, financial condition of the gov ernment bo be benefited with a view to making the maturity accord with their convenience. In addition, offi cials have sought, to make the life of the bond such a«s would appeal to in vestors seeking permanent invest ments. In the case of Great Ttrliain if is felt that it. would be comparatively easy for her to meet a 30-year bond easier, perhaps, than it w-ould he t r Franco or Russia. Suggestions have been under consideration to fix the life of the lxmd at 50 years, but these, it is believed, have been disapproved The minimum denomination of the so-called "baby bonds," it seemed cer tain tonight, will be $100. Secretary McAdoo personally would like to see, the denominations made smaller, but the tremendous amount of physical that the men trained hern and not at tine theater of war would he iinper fatly trained from tilue standpoint of modern warfare." ICxpress hr the highest admiration for the national guard, the colonel said ther1' probably "never wiii- a. worse blow truck against nnr military ef licncv than the passage of the Hay 1 ill." Heck of the military preparation and essential to it. Colonel Roosevelt, con tinued, must lie industrial and ogricii-l tural preparation. No neore Pleasure craft should be built, hut! only cargo -hip- and cruisers, he sald, and flower garden; rti n-t give win to food areas work involved in issuing huge block'; | of small h. nds and the resultant cleri cal work In distributing them militates against the proposal to bring the mini mum to $J0 Besides, the tmnks gen orally have indicated that they w> n’d assist s lu-tomors who w;sh to buy by small installments, and it is t>elieved that by assistance of this sort it will bo possible for almost everyone to buy at leant one $100 bond. The terms <T payment, involving collection of the subscriptions by n si ailments, accord with Mr. Mr Ad o’s views that the entire sum of money involved should not he withdrawn in one lump from the money markets Investment and other bankers have endorsed the suggestion that the money be withdrawn n.s gradually as l> ssible. The amount to he sent as. an earnest of good faith with each offer to subscribe has been fixed ten tatively at an extremely low percent age. as the needs of the treasury would not be immediate. Participating in today! conference were Paul ,M Warburg of the federal reserve b ard; Oscar T. Crosby, as sistant secretary of the treasury; Lewis It franklin, president of the investment Bankers’ Association of America, and Ooorge 1L Cooksey, an sistant to the secretary of the treas ury Preliminary details were placed f r settlement in the hands of these men. While they were considering the program Mr. McAdoo transferred to Ambassador .Tusscrand of franco tic $10o,0(K),ti(Kt lent by the American gov ernment to meet French needs in he Vnited States during May. At the time the treasury warrant was traits ferred It was discovered there was a balance of only $98,000,000 in the gen eral fund of the treasury, out of which such payments are made. The fund will l>e replenished shortly by pro coed- f the sale of treasury «ertifi cates and current receipts of taxes. STEAMER SEBASTIAN REPORTED ON FIRE Boston, May S The steamer Sebas tian is on fire ten miles eft the Nan tucket lightship. Another steamer, belonging to a trans-Atlantic line is standing alongside. This information was given out tonight at tho navy yard, where further details were with held. It is believed the veosel is the British motor steamer Sebastian, cf 1,816 t ns. lust reported at New York on April 2.">, -o— NEGRO REMOVED FROM MEMPHIS FOR SAFETY Memphis Tenn., May 8.—Stirred by a confession alleged to have been made by L. C. Persons, negro wood chopper. accused of the murder of An toinette Ra; pal, a school girl, near this city last week, several hundred men came to Memphis late today from the vicinity of the girl’s home and gath ered about the county jail but dis persed quietly when leaders were con vinced that the negr oh ad been re moved to tlie penitentiary at Nash v ille. tVrsons, according to ta statement made by the sheriff, confessed that he a lacked and beheaded the girl, whose mutilated body was found hi a thicket near her home last Wednesday. An indictment formally charging Persons with murder was returned by tine grand jury tills afternoon. WAR REVENUE BILE HEADY _ ■ PROPOSITION IS TO TAX INCOMES OF INDIVIDUALS 2 PER CENT ON $1,OOQ_ A YEAR. 10 PER CENT ADDED ON ALL EXISTING TARIFF DOTIES » ■«- n.i.ii. There Will Be Vigorous Opposition to Some Features of the Bill by Both Democrats and Republicans—Senate Finance Committee will Begin Hear ings Friday. Washington, May S.—A war revenue bil designed to raise $ 1,300,000,000 by •nxati> n during the coming year wan approved finally in the house wave and means committee late today by unanimous vote. Chairman Kitrhin announced that the measure will be reported to the house tomorrow, to be brought tip for consideration Thursday. He thinks It w II he passed b) the house without politic ' tlivisi n within a few days, though (here will be vigorous opposi tion to . ome features from both homo, 'rats and Republicans, in the mean time the senate finance committee will begin public hearing* on the bill Fri da.. with n view t’.t being ready to report s on after the Muse acts. To bring the amount to tie raised up to the desired |otal the house com mittee at today's session wrote Into the hill a flat increase of 10 per cent in all existing tariff duties and 10 per cent duties on all articles now ad mitted free, all estimated to bring In $240,000,000, this tn re than doubling I the present tariff revenues. In addi tion, it was decided tv make all In come tax increases retroactive, begin ning with the present calendar year. Other taxes provided for would become effective on the signing of the bllL The income tax increases, applying to both personal and corpora tic n ln ct men, are designed to produce $533, OoO.oim more than the present, income tax receipts. Most of the new revenue will come from the income, excess profits, and in heritance taxes and additional tariff duties, but the levies of the bill would reach into many ether sources. Loi ter mall rale.; would be increased from 2 to 3 rents an ounce and postal cards fr tn i to 2 cents, while $10,000,004) would tie added to charges against newspapers under a new system based on the present purcel post zones. In CONTINUED ON IPAGE SEVEN American Vessels Supply Submarines Both NaVy Department and Depart ment ot Justice HaVe Taken a Hand in the Investigation. Washington. May K.—Persistent ru mors of Orman submarines in the South Atlantic received additional colour today when it was disclosed that government investigating agencies are runn ng down a s or> that freighters of the American Trans-AMartiin companj flying the American flag, have carried supplies to sea for P-boutK. Officials would not go into details, but, it was assumed he report prompt ing 1'ie investigation probably came from members of the crew of tne steam-hip .Manitowoc, quoted in news dispatches from Porto !Ueo today a eharghig ilia, the Manitowoc and other Tram*-Atlantic company ves-els had rra'isported to (ierman aubmer • ihe at sea quantities of food and fuel smuggled out of New York. Iloth. the navy department and the department of justice Ihlave taken a hand in the investigation. 'How far the inquiry has progressed was not in dicated, hut officials by their silence gave the impression that no definite conclusion had been reached. In many quarter* the inclination was to regard the report as merely- another of the crop of unfounded moors cur ren* here since the visit, of tibia U-53 to Newport. if'ome naval officials, on the other hand, have not concealed their belief that German submarines and raiders have beet; supplied from this side of I the Allantic.