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TWELVE PAGES THIS WEEK WATER AND LIGHT RATES ARE RAISED _ss_ INCREASED cost of produc tion FORCES LIGHT AND WAT ER CO. TO CHARGE MORE FOR SERVICES RENDERED. Beginning with bills male th's month, charges for water a;ul light service will be slightly increased to absorb at least a portion of the in creased cost of production. Th‘s action was decided upon at an ad journed meeting of the city council on Wednesday night when H. C. Couch of Pine Bluff, president of the Arkansas Light & Power Co., held a conference with the city authorities and submitted to them a statement showing the revenues re ceived from the sale of electrical energy and the increased cost of pro duction, due primarily to the scarcity and high price of fuel. The same conditions that confront the light company had to be reckoned with by the city in determining how the water works system is to be operated without a deficit each month. When the present schedule of rates for ■water and, light was made effective more than hvo years the cost of coal delivered here was $2.35 a ton. i The same grade of coal now costs $5.50 a ton and it is difficult to se cure an adequate supply even at that! advanced figure. Two years ago the , fuel cost was twenty per cent of the; gross revenue. Now it is nearly seventy per cent of the gross revenue ! Eight tons of coal are consumed! each twenty-four hours in the opera-1 tion of the light and water plant.! Each month 240 tons are consumed. This means a fuel cost of $1,320 a month, or $15,540 a year, based upon the present price. The average' monthly gross income from the sale of electricity and water *s $1,833. j Deducting from this the $1,320, monthly coal bill, and only $513 is' taft to nav all nfliAi* nnorotititr at. ' ponses, including salaries of mana- j ger, engineers, firemen, etc. This means both the water and light j systems have been operated at a loss for several months. In order to keep the plants going, according to state- ‘ ments made by Mr. Couch and veri-j fied by his records, his company has been forced to take profits made at other plants where operating expen-! ses are lighter, due to the fact that several towns are supplied from one central generating plant, and apply a port'on of the surplus to Marianna and other isolated places where the ’ company operates plants. Members of the council agreed that the service cannot now be fur nished at the same rates that seemed adequate two years ago. Viewing the matter from this angle, they pass ed an ordinance making an increase of one cent for the first one hundred kilowatts. The old rate was 15 cents per j kilowatt for the first 20; 14 cents for the next 10; 13 cents for the next 5; and then dropped one cent per kilo-j watt in blocks of ffve to 50 kilowatts, i The rate from 50 to 100 kilowatts was 8 cents per kilowatt. Under the new ’rate made in the ordinance passed Wednesday night the oWnrare will be 16 cents p»r kilo watt for the first 20; and 15 cents per kilowatt for the next inn kilo-' watts. This increase In the rate will yield the company an Increase of $288 a month toward the .. orption of an increased coal cost of *656. The city made a contract with the Aritansas Light & Power Company to cont'nue pumping water until such as the city derides to formally take over the water plant. It is estimated It will cost about #70<l to operate the water system, while the cross revenue from the sale of water. * he' present rates, is about .50. "1th this condition facing the elty it was deemed imperative that the water rates be increased at least enough to take care of the operating expenses. The old rates allowed 3,000 for *1; ■ * canons were cnargeu for at the rate of 25 cents per 1.000; and the next 36.000 at 18 cents per housand. The council, by resolution, the,rate in effect at Camden, "Wch is as follows: 2.000 gallons, for the next 10.000 gallons the ate is 40 cents a thousand; and for the next 25,000 the rate 1h 30 cents tnn ,Han<*’ ^ request has been sent ,t,a,’1^en to get the full schedule 0 when the information arrives the ew scale of rates will be made to apply. At the meeting of the council on < uesday night Mavor Dupuy appoint x , ,a ro'nmlttee composed of H. M. Jackson F. N. Burke, I). L. Griffis. H Daggett, Hugh Mixon and M ■ *r> * ' ^1,n,mer to confer w ith i.r , "ch <”i h p-oposition to sell a electric light plant to the city, conference was held in the direct s ™om °f fhe Bank of Marianna tin ,dneS(,ay afternoon, at which “me Mr. Couch stated that in view m the fact that the cltv had decided m ret * n control 0f the w ater plant e an i bw a«soc!ates had decided v v ’Phi be willing to sell the iry ti, . nFllf I'huit. When asked at ,.l ',r|ce and upon what terms he nhv i ,hf' won,d epD It for actual cant*1 Vi'!l|a,’nn n’u« twentv rwr whi J , soina: val"p fhe basis upon oich his comnanv bought tbe plant. niat,‘”' 'van lnf''-nv'11y discussed, d wiiile H’p coni'ni*ton tn no W°l'iKion ,f ":,s apparent the mem oers d t rot tldnk th*s a propitious e s v1” tn fo»- the r ’ ’’ o t’’» l’~’’t p--d newer ditt '' la'°r when con or" bocomc more nearly normal INTERESTING LETTER FROM T. B. FREEMAN marianna boy at camp pike thinks war will last sev eral YEARS AND THAT 5,000.000 MEN WILL BE NEEDED. Bennett Freeman, head of the Free man stores in .Marianna and Blythe ville, now serving in the army at Camp Pike, has written the following interesting letter to a friend in Ma rianna: While I enjoy thinking of home and the people there, I am not sorry that I am not there now, when our country needs men so badly. In my op'nion the war will last for several years and at least 5.000,000 men will be needed to defeat the Germans. I am trying to make arrangements now so that every man in my em ploy can be ready to go when the call comes. To do that it will he necessarj for me to employ older men with families who cannot go. Every single man should go before a married man with a family is asked to serve. While the majority of the men here are patriotic and willing to serve their country, it is deplorable to notice that there are many who do not hold a spark of loyalty and complain of the camp life and are not ashamed to proclaim that they want to get out and go home. I destroytd, just yesterday, the affidavits of a man who married in August and was trying to get out on the grounds of a dependent wife. We had another man who said he was a busines man and had no time to be fooling his time away in the army. He finally got discharged on the grounds of ‘‘physical disability” and it was a good riddance to the government, but we gave him plenty of kitchen duty while he was with us. The government is providing well tin . 1 t. C 1 t • . inn iuuu in w uuir* some and plentiful, the barracks clean and well heated and in time they will have plenty of clothes. In my opinion, none of the men in the can tonments will leave for France be fore spring, but by then they will be well trained. Ever since I have been here I have been an acting non-commission ed officer. First, a corporal for a few days, and then acting first ser geant. None of us have our war rants yet, but our appointment car ries with it the same authority as if we had our warrants. I have also been called upon to do quite a bit of work at headquarters of our regi ment, which gives me a good inside view as to the workings of the paper work of our army. My duties keep me busy all the time. Sometimes I work nearly all night, and frequently run right over meal time. Whenever our major says that a certain amount of work must be out at a certain time, it must be out regardless of what else happens. However. I enjoy the work as every new thing done gives one that much more knowledge of things military. I hope to get a little time to come home some time soon and see all you folks. So far. the time has not come when 1 could turn loose and leave. 1 have plenty of nrivi legos hut no time to take advantage of them. ST. FRANCIS OFFICE SEEKERS GET BUSY KINDLE FIRE UNDER POLITICAL POT WITH EARLY ANNOUNCE MENTS—LEE COUNTY CANDI DATES SEEMINGLY SHY. The pilitlcians in St. Francis coun ty have kindled a fire under tlie po litical pot and have started the cam paign for nominations to he made in the democratic primary election in May. 191S. The Forrest City papers contain the following political an nouncements: For county judge. James L. Scott; ' V J ■ tIMIIII t » H I IV, ilWMM UM sheriff. Geo. P. Taylor: for assessor. Lol A. Ellis, E. A. Altman, John M. Nichols: for treasurer. Jas. M. Gil liam. So far no one has announced for office in Lee county. It in assumed Judge J. A. Plummer, C'rouit Clerk Guy Apple. County Clerk E. VY. Kint;, Sheriff Arthur ('otter, Treasurer VY. W. Word and Assessor Bob Lindsey will all be candidates for reelection. Doddridge McCulloch and W. A. Ell’ott, who represented Lee county In the last general assembly, have not indicated whether they would he candidates for reelfict'on. Senator VY. L. Ward, who represents this senatorial district in the state senate, 's a hold over. -u— Fifteen members of the Sunday school o>hss taught by Mrs. James B. Cray in tho Methodist church in England have enl'sied in the army and navy, since tho war began. the natter will be taken up with the con'pan v and if pubpc sentiment fen-ns to favor municipal ownership of the light and power plant a move np-t v'il be 'a-'vch'd t" form an In nrovement district for the nnrpose of issuing bonds and aciuiring the property. MARY PICKFORD PRESENTS AMBULANCE TO AMERICAN ARMY Photo shows Miss Mary Pickford turning over her ambulance to the j Red f'rosB, represented by First Lieut. Henry Woodward. Miss Pickford I has already placed an order for a second ambulance and has asked a i number of photo play stars each to contribute an ambulance and provide for its maintenance in France. HARRIS AND BURKE BUY A BIG FARM LOCAL FIRM PURCHASES 1,040 ACRES IN TEXAS TOWNSHIP, FOR $60,000—TO WORK PLACE NEXT YEAR. W. P. Harris and F. N. Burke, com prising he general mercantile firm of Harris & Burke, who not only operate a large store in Marianna but who operate several large plan tations, have just closed a deal with Miss Virginia Gillhara of Alton, 111., for the purchase of 1,040 acres of land in Texas township, known as the Chap Harris and Morris Jones places, located about six miles northwest of Marianna, the consideration being $60,000. With the exception of a very small portion of the land, the tracts are in a high state of cultiva tion. There are twenty-nine houses on the plantation, which is regarded as one of the best pieces of farm land in Lee county. Messrs. Harris & Burke own the sixteenth section between Aubrey and Oak Forrest and recently purchased from R. D. Jar ratt a tract of 720 acres that joins their sixteenth sect on farm. These tracts with the 1,040 acres just pur chased from Miss Gillham give them I two exceptionally fine plantations. ! It is their purpose to clear up all land | not now in cultivation and to highly ! develop all their property, putting it in cultivation just as fast as the ' land is cleared. -o DUNCAN BROWN DEAD j Duncan Brown, one of the best ■ known citisens of Marianna, died on ' Tuesday morning about two thirty I o’clock and was buried that afternoon in Cedar Heights Cemetery. Funeral services were conducted at the resi dence of. Mr. and Mrs. George Ptlk ington by Rev. W. K. Johnston, pastor or the Presbyterian church Mr. Brown was a native of Colum bia. Tenn. He came to Marianna about twenty-nine years ago He n «•! served as deputy circuit clerk, as justice of the peace for Independence township, and for several years had Iceen one of the office deputies In the sheriff's office. He volunteered his services to the government dur ing the Spanish-American war. and was encamped at ("hickamauga with the Arkansas troops. He was n brother of the late Hon. Jas. P. Brown, one of the ablest lawvers in this section of Arkansas. He was an uncle of Mesdatnes. D. S. Plummer. Oeo. Pilkington and .lov iiardawa- of this city. Mr. Brown had t>ee» 111 for several months and during the oast two weeks he was confined to his bed at the home of Mrs. T’ilking ton. He was a kind hearted, generous ntan and numbered his friends by his acquaintances. His death re moves a familiar character a-ound the court house. I'r. C. P. Brldwell of Malv^-p has declined the call of the Preshvterian church of North Little Rock. WOMEN MAY VOTE IN ANY PRIMARY ONLY REQUIREMENT IS THAT THEY PAY POLL TAX, SAYS ARBUCKLE. POLL TAX MAY BECOME DELINQUENT. Little Rock. Nov. 4.—Women may vote in any primary election, accord ing to Attorney General J. I). Ar bucklc, whether the primary is non-. partisan or not. Mr. Arbuckle made i this plain yesterday in a letter to! Representative Carl Held of Fort | Smith, who asked for an official opin ion 'n view of the divergency of view* in Fort Smith, where a city: primary election will be held No-1 vemher 13. Under the commission form of government the city primary in Fort Smith is non partisan. In reply. Attorney General Ar buckle quoted extracts from the suf frage act and said, in part: •'You note that the act grants the i r ght of suffrage to women in any' primary election, under the laws of I this state, and hence women should be allowed to vote in your coming primary election to select candidates | for city offices. "I note thut you say some people say. women can vote in primary; elections and some say they cannot. I There may be some question as to whether or not the act is entirely in accordance with the constitut'on o the state, but it is the policy of tltis office when an act has been nasseil which clearlv exnreses the Intention of the legislature, unless such an act is absolutely void on its face on account of incompatibility with tlie provisions of the constitu tion. to hold such act constitutional and thereby leave to the Supreme Court the matter of passing on the const iutlonality of the act. In the opinion of this office, therefore, women holding poll tax receipts which have been issued not later 'han the Saturday before the fii>r Monday in July. 1917, should he a’lowed to vote in your coming primary election. In regard to the IKilI taxes of women becoming delin quent. these taxes can now become delinquer: the same as those of men as the law has been in effect n sufficient length of time for women to know the time in which these taxes must be paid and must be assessed." I*. I.. Quick of Seeley. Cal., was in Yell-Hie last week when a rain fell. Me said It was the first rain fall he had seen within eight years. Mr Quick lives in an arid country where cr«p fa'lures are unknown lie cause all farm lands are Irrigated. !T""b idsbv of Kur’ i’ ’' uf'ered ’ idiv Injured Vue® a ‘ v e when a hors0 he was v d'ng -in wav and threw hint aga nst a tree, livery ef fort to relieve the injury failed and a few days ago it was necessary to amputate the injured leg between the hp and the knee COMPARATIVE COTTON STATEMENT IJ. K. Clarkson, manager of the Marianna Cotton Compress Company. Ims furnished th*' Courier-Index with the following com parative cotton statement covering the past seven years including this season, tin to November 7 of each year. The last column gives total receipts for the seasons- 1 Season Receipts Shipments Stock Total receipts i!ttM2 7 031 4.03* 2.945 14.133 ;! 191‘*.12 « i7S 3 780 3 198 14.377 191.,-’i 7.214 3.771 3.4*3 20 932 ! 191415 ‘>27 ^ 913 5.414 17.144 ! 1 HOW OUR SOLDIERS SIOOD FIRST TEST OUTNUMBERED FIVE TO ONE, AT TACKED IN DARKNESS, THEY FOUGHT HAND TO HAND WITH GERMAN TROOPS. With the American Army in the Trenches, Nov. 6 -When this dis patch arrives the United States will have known that the Germans have raided our trenches, killing three, wounding five and capturing 12 Americans. Americans will know that as war goes it was a small and unimportant affair. But they should know certa'n other things that the army here knows. The raid has been exceedingly valuable to us. Aside from the fact that we have had ^jur first taste of real fighting, we know that our troops are the real thing, possessed of the finest courage and fighting ability. And we know from our own experience what sort of enemy we are fighting. As for our soldiers, they are splendid. The absolute truth is that fewer than 40 Ameri cans were attacked by 210 Germans after being pounded for half an hour by intense shell fire that pounded the trenches in many places. But these forty put up a game Mt A .. A 1 f A _1 win uij ui nnioiitnuoi i/utiuiiQ in the darkness, outnumbered five to one. Though we had losses, so did the Germans. The Americans fought them every m'nute, using rifles, grenades, bay onets and revolvers, and there were incidents such as should thrill the United States with pride from the Atlantic to the Pacific. There was one soldier from East St. Louis who was buried for hours by a shell explosion, while another man from Kansas, laboring to dig his comrade out, was knocked down three times by shell concussions, but kept on digging even when ordered into a dugout by his lieutenant. Kept on digging until he was finally joined by his comrade and the two worked until they got out the man. The Lieutenant was knocked down five times by shell concussions as he labored bes'de the Kansan. He is now in the hospital in a serious condition. There was a sergeant from Michi gan who was wounded by shrapnel and shot through the arm, but kept on bayoneting Germans as they came until he fainted from the loss of blood. Another man. shot is the arm and leg. the instant he left his dugout, losing his rifle when he fell, drew his revolver and killed two Germans. These foes were so close their uni forms were powder burned. And these were new troops, many of whom first learned ‘squads right" a few months ago. and had never been under fire before. They were mostly just kids. As the officers who went out with them said “Well may we be proud of them. They stood the test and' left an example for those who fol low'.” There is no doubt that the Germans very carefully planned the whole affa’r. Beginning at 2:5n o'clock Saturday morning the Ger mans laid a “box barrage" on a small sector of our line. Box bar rage is shell fire not only on the support lines to prevent reinforce ments. but also to the right and left of the sector selected, thus complete ly isolating the defenders, so our 40 men were penned in completely. The the Germans came across No Man’s Land, concealed by the driv ing rain and pitcli darkness Reach ing our liar bed wire they wrecked *t at two places with heavy explo sive charges and came through the lanes thus created. In our trenches tile bombardment had done consider able damage. But our men, though they had only been there a few hours unaccustomed to the position, waited in the dugouts letting the shells do their worst until the German tn'an try arrived. As they dashed out of shelter they found the trenches In darkness with Germans vaulting Into the ditches flourlsh'ng long hladed knives, clubs, grenades and revolvers. Then began a fierce man to man struggle in the darkness. Though half stunned hv the bombardment and greatly outnumbered the Ameri cans were fighting superbly. It was so dark that our men had to wait lint*1 right on fop of their adversaries, as otherwise friend could not he distinguished from foe. f'onolod with ihe sf-angem-ss of the trenches was the fact that thev knew the barrage had cut off all hope of help. The Germans managed to over power and get awav with 12 men. a sergeant. cor|*oral and 1ft men the frst American prisoners they have captured. We have reason to believe that the 'merlcan counter barrage enpght thp Germans in their wav hack to their ♦rnrch»s. so that they didn’t get off scot-free Regret though we ma the lo s of oor men. it was a valuable bit of ex perience the Germans have given os '• Volt we eonld have gained in «o other wav. We a"» past the y h de>nic stage f’-a'n’ng and are now an army «"hich has become a fiehtme force, '■'iehtiog carr'es with it just such ♦hings as th's. The hie thing is that we made a •'mod fight and showed that later we •iCtt otpt-o p hotte’- ope. 'These n-ep •• t,r, **•>ye their all that night will he honored as thev deserve to be honored here ana back home. J. SHAUL PURCHASES VACCARO BUILDING PAYS $8,000 FOR BUSINESS STRUC TURE TO BE OCCUPIED BV MRS. L. SHAUL—GAMBRELL A COMPANY TO MOVE. Jacob Shaul yesterday closed k deal with Gazzola Vaccaro if Forrest City, for the purchase of the brick store building on Fast Main street now occupied by L. Wilenzick, the | consideration being $8.ft00. As soon i as Mr. Wilenzick vacates the build | ing the structure will be remodeled ! and will be occupied by Mrs. L. Shaul 1 with her stock of general merchan dise. The brick building on thk southwest corner of Main and Pop lar that has been occupied by thk ShauIs for 37 years, is owned bf W. H Newborn. He has leased It to G. F. Gamorell & Co., who ark l now In business on North Poplar street. The Newbern building will be improved with the Installation Of a modern front, wdth large displaj windows in front and on the sidk. Gambrell * Co. expect to occupy thk building immediately after the firat of January. Mr. Wilenzick has not yet decided where he will be located after hk leaves his present quarters. **•* Construction work on the large two story automobile sales building and garage of the Marianna Motor Co. was started this week. Estes Vf, Mann, architect and supervisor, ik superintendirg the "ork and Edward G'uI.ma* /.f <« k J. W. Fielder lias the contract for thO concrete work. The building is being erected on the Shorten lot opposite the Raptlst church. • •** Work has been started on Pugll Govan’s modern bungalow on the Go* van lot immediately east of JudgO E. D. Robertson’s home on East Msttt street. » The Vaeearo building on East Main street purchased yesterday by J. Shaul, was erected more than thirty years ago by Mr. Shaul and JulittO Lesser. Mr. Shaul will have the building remodeled and a new front put in. Estes W. Mann has drawn thO plans for the remodeling of the At* t k'ns building, recently vacated by Hugh i^eary. The building has been leased by the Freeman store. A modern plateglass front, with coppof setting and tiled entrance, will bO put in. A large balcony will be on# of the features of the Interior im* proveinents. When completed thO store will be one of the most modern in Mar<anna and will be occupied by the Freeman variet'* stock. ---o WOMEN SHOULD SIGN FOOD PLEDGE CARDS FOOD ADMINISTRATOR FOR ARK* ANSAS NOT SATISFIED WITH RETURNS—ALL SHOULD JOIN CONSERVATION MOVEMENT. Hemp Williams, state food admin istrator. Is disappointed at the poor showing Lee county has made in tbo matter of signing pledge cards to conserve food. He does not believe the people realize the seriousness of th" sltuat'on—the necessity for co operation with the food administra tion forces for the elimination of wuste and the conservation of food products. The pledge card does not force one to do without the things necessary to susta'n life. It does not even demand that all luxuries be dispensed with, but It does seek to band all the people together In the common cause of f«>od conservation and the use of desirable substitute! for certain products that the govern ment needs for the use of the army. In a letter addressed to Houston Potts of this city, Mr Williams saya: “While It is true the canmalgn closed the *th we are not going to •quit.' You understand there are a great many people who have not had an opportunity of signing plodgd cards that will be deligiiter to do so, and we propose to give the delin quents a chance to come In We also want to know those who refuse to sign after having had the nvittar projierly explained to them Befom this wa- Is over we are going to know who it Is that Is disloyal and unpatriotic, and among them we as pect to find the 'traitors ' ” Mrs C E Daggett, president of *h! County Federal Ion of Community Clubs. Is deeply interested in induc ing the women of I .-■>« county to sign the pledge cards, and It Is pro'able a campaign will be put on to secure signatures. -o—~ - James Gammon saw n flock of wild geese al'ghf in a rice P^id p-ar DeWftf He sltpoed up on them pnd when th«v saw him the uffe s»-ed to rfse. hut t"o bet ■ w snUsfdst In the ht-avv rice and he cstight tlmm with his hands fn the.-e fe "rish knl'tlng dig!, the editors of Kansu- a <• un'-eraal in their enw of Goner lb of Concordia. who has a wooden leg ard can d-j-'t the ’■ in one sock with print Bitro a Gazette.