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DES ARC SEMI-WEEK!,Y CITIZEN.
S4 PER ANNUM.|T'UTTCST') A V,' MAY 14, 1861. "volume I. NO. 2. Iifnri-lBffklijCitijeii. - yjV J. C. MORRILL._ PUBLISHED TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. ei'A YEAR—$2 FOR SIX MONTHS. invariably in advance. RATES OF ADVERTISING: |«r^np Sauare, ten lines or less, $1 for the first nsertion, 50 cents for each one following. Ili,e ’ 3 mos. 6 mos. 1 year> Sntlare.$ 7 50 $12 $18 SSI!!.18 00 20 30 >-KlChoSn"“..S™ 5 | iT™"™--"-1’” io» Advertisements may be renewed at any time /paying for composition, $1 per 1000 eras. Displayed advertisements charged for the pace occupied. Persons advertising by contract, will be re acted to their legitimate business, and all otices, etc., charged as transient advertise lents. ... Personal advertisements, if admissable, will e charged double the above rates, and must e paid for in advance. Publications intended to advance private in west, will be charged at the regular rates of dvertising. Simple announcements of Deaths, when the acts are furnished will be published as items f news ; but obituary notices and tributes of ;spect will be charged for as advertisements, t half the usual rates. Announcing candidates for State and istrict offices, $7; County offices, $5j Town tip, offices $3, invariably in advance. Calls on persons to become candidates e charged at the usual rates, except when ,,sorts Poking the calls are subscribers to our paper. Payment in advance. (^•Political circulars charged as adver Mtisements. 'i _ .i j • i. ,4- fav •% cnn. AUVCiwiacuicmo --- J tilled time, will be inserted till forbidden, and jc barged for accordingly. ff^“All advertising to be paid for quarterly. CITIZEN Job Office! Having secured the services of a supe rior JOB PRINTER, the Citizen Office is prepared tc accom modate its customers AVITH EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PRINTING, PiROMPTLY. CARDS, HILL HEADS, * HANDBILLS, CIRCULARS, Etc., printed in the neatest style. We have an excellent stock of Blanks on hand consisting in part of DEEDS OF CONVEYANCE; QUIT CLAIM DEEDS; f SHERIFF’S TAX DEEDS— the best form in the State. I — ALSO — I Sheriffs’, Justices’ and Constables’ BLANKS. Blank Bills Lading— on superior paper. We havo an excellent DRY-PRESS, which renders the face of the paper free from indention by the type. •ur old customers are solicited to j send us their work. Those who have not tried us are requested to give us a call. OUR WORK is well done, and our rates of charges as LOW as the LOWEST* )ver six years’ experience in the I Printing Busines at Des Arc, enables us to know aud appreciate the wants of the public. Send your Job Work to, and buy your Blanks at the Citizen Office. mrl3tf _ TO PRINTERS, PRINTING PRESS FOR SALE! A PRINTING PRESS, 21 >437 inch lI. es in size, in good order, for sale on rea’ soiiable terms. Apply at the Citizen Office,’ Bes Arc, Ark. Oct. 10, [tf. MEMPHIS ADVERTISEMENTS. J. E. MERRIMAN & CO. N 0 253, MAIN-STREET, MEMPHIS.TENN., Have now on hand and For Sale, at the most reasonable prices, the Finest Assortment of GUNS AND RIFLES, Together with all kinds of HUNTING INSTRUMENTS, they have ever exhibited in MEMPHIS. Where do you Buy your SILVER. WARE, — YOUR— Table Cutlery ! CAST oRS, —AND— CLOCKS! Wife bought them at 253 Main Street. The Ladies all think they can get rather BETTER BARGAINS —AT— MERRIMAN’S THAN AT ANY OTHER PEACE. J. E. MERRIMAN & CO., No. 253.Main Street.No. 253. MEMPHIS, TENN. Oct. 10. OTJR TWENTIETH YEAR MEMPHIS. ;tock More Extensive titan ever, “AND— Equal to any in the Union ! )ur leading articles are DIAMONDS, JEWELRY, WATCHES, SILVER-WARE, SPECTACLES, CLOCKS, GUNS, PISTOLS, &C., WITH the usual variety of Goods in our line. ALL KINDS OF WORK Done in the best manner, and with DESPATCH! F. H. CLARK & CO., AO. 1, Clark’s Marble Block," MEMPHIS.TEA A. ■Tan. 2, 1861. [6m__ ' JUST RECEIVED McLaren a jackson, lies Arc, Arkansas• 8 DOZEN silk, cassimere and soft fur Hats assorted. Also. 1^ gross Garrett’s snuff} Turpentine in bottles; Quinine and Smith’s Tonic; Star Candles; Soda; Starch; Brim stone ; Bar Soap, &c., &.C. Aug. 22, 180$. CONSTITUTION OF THE PRAIRIE COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. OFFICERS. . j President, B. F. Ford j Vice President, A. O. Edward*; Secretary, R. C. McCarley; Treasurer, G. A. Mclverj Corresponding Secretary, T. B. Kent. Directors.—S. R. Brown, J. C. Morrill, Sim Horne, B. B. Allen, J. C. Davie, B. M Barnes, D. P. Black, A. Ragland, R. Mc Iver, A. F. McCain, D. W. Munroe, C. D. Taylor. Building Committee.—D. P. Black, A. O. Edwards, D. W. Munroe. Premium Committee.—John S. Pearson, R. McCarley, R. Mclver, J. S. Williams. Ring Master.—John S. Pearson. •Herald.—W. W. Wair. Marshal.—J. G. Warner. ARTICLE i. Title of the Society . — Thi3 Society shall be known by the name of the “Prairie County Agricultural Society.” article ii. § 1. The officers of this Society shall con sist of a President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and Directors. § 2. Officers and Directors shall hereafter be elected by ballot at the Annual Meeting of the Society in March, and shall hold their offices one year, and until their successors are chosen. § 3. In the election of officers and direc tors, a plurality of votes cast shall be necessary to elect. Vacancies may be filled at any meeting of the Society. ARTICLE III. § 1. The President, Vice President, Secre tary, Treasurer and Directors, shall compose a Board of Managers, a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum for the transaction nP Kncinaca orul if oh'ill La fhft rlllfv Qaifl Board to manage the property and business of this Society as shall best promote the interests of Agriculture, Horticulture, the Mechanic Arts and Household Industry; and they shall hold and conduct Annual Fairs and Exhibi tions, and distribute premiums to the persons exhibiting the best and most meritorious speci mens in the^e several departments. ARTICLE IV. § 1. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at meetings of the Society, and of the Board of Managers. The Vice President shall perform the duties of the President in his absence. ATTICLE V. § 1. It sbal-1 be the duty of the Secretary to make and keep a neat record of the proceed ings of the Society, and of the Board of Mana gers, and to perform such other appropriate duties as maybe assigned him by the Society or its Board of Managers. § 2. The Secretary shall keep a book for the special purpose of recording the names of the Annual andiLife Members, and the names of donors, and the amounts contributed by each; he shall as soon as practical pay over all monies received by him to the Treasurer. ARTICLE VI. § 1. It shall he the duty of the Treasurer to receive all monies and property due the So ciety or donated for its benefit, and to dispose of the same only as directed by a resolution of the Board of Managers, certified by the President and countersigned by the Secretary. He shall keep an account of his receipts and disbursements, and report the same with proper vouchers to the Society, at its annual meetings, and to the Board of Managers as often as they may require; and shall give bond for the faithful discharge of his duty in such surety and sums as they may deem proper. ARTICLE VII. § 1. The Annual Meetings of this Society shall be held on the 2d Monday in March of each year, at such place as the Society may designate. ARTICLE VIII. § 1. The Board of Managers may make such Rules, Regulations and By-Laws as they may deem proper, consistent with the Con stitution. article xi. $ 1. Any person may become a member of this Society for one year by paying into the treasury the sum of $1, or may become a life member by paying at one time the sum of $10. article x. § 1. This Constitution may be altered or amended by a vote of two-thirds of all the members present at any Annual Meeting, or at a called meeting, provided thirty days public notice of the same be given. GENERAL RULES. 1. Life and Annual members of the Society, and all others who shall pay $1 into the trea sury, will be furnished with badges entitling them to. compete for premiums, admission with the bona fide members of their family with carriages to the Show Ground, and all departments of the exhibition during its continuance. 2. Stock and articles must be entered in the name of the bona fide owners, and Grain, FruiUVegetables, Dairy Products and Domes tic Manufactures, must have been raised and made by the exhibitor thereof, unless excep tions be made in the published list of premi ums offered bv the Board of Managers. 3. Animals and articles that have taken premiums at previous exhibitions will not be allowed to compete except for a higher pre mium, in case they are adjudged best after having received the llighesT premium a certi cate of the fact will be awarded. No animal or article can compete but for a single pre mium. 4. Premiums will not be paid on animals or articles of inferior merit although there may be no competition. No premium shall be paid on any animal or article owned by a firm, unless each member of said firm is a member of the Society. 5. No person shall act as a judge for award ing premiums for which he is any way a competitor. 6. Any person who shall knowingly violate the regulations of the Society, or who shall seek to obtain a premium by false pretences, or by improper inteference with the Judges, shall be excluded from competition; and if a member, from the Society. 7. Pemiums awarded and called or at or before the annual meeting in Pi: . will be considered as donations to tlv Society 8. Copetition on all art, oj en ta the State. GEN. P. G. T. BEAUREGARD. Gen. P. G. Toutant Beauregard, com mander of the Confederate forces at Charleston, and to whom Major Ander son surrendered on the 13th April, 1861, was born on his father’s plantation, near New Orleans. His father was a wealthy and influential Louisiana Planter. His mother—born Reggio—was of Italian ori gin, and descended from the ducal Reg gio family of Italy. Gen- Beauregard entered the United States Military Acad emy at West Point at an early age, where he graduated in 1838, taking the second honors in a class of forty-five graduates, and was appointed a second lieutenant in the first regiment of artillery, which com mission he only held for one week ere he was transferred to the corps of engineers. He was promoted to a first Lieutenantcy in June, 1839, and in that capacity served with great distinction during the Mexican war. He was twice brevetted “for gal lant and meritorious conduct” in the field the first time as captain for the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, to date from August 20, 1847, and again as major for the battle of Chepultepec, to date from 13th of September of that year. Major Beau regard was wounded in the assault upon the Garita de Beleu in the city of Mexico. On his return home he was presented with an elegant sword. He was subsequently placed by the government in charge of the construction ot tne mint ana custom House at New Orleans, as well as of the fortifications on and near the mouth of the Mississippi. General Beauregard is a bout forty-three years of age, in the prime of ljfe and vigorous health, erect as a sol dier, well made, and remarkably active. A Charleston paper gives publicity to two incidents in General Beauregard’s career: “The first occurred.before Vera Cruz. “General B., then a lieutenant of engi neers, was sent out by his colonel (Totten, if we remember aright,) with a party of sappers to dig and prepare a trench, ac cording to a profile and plan prepared by the Colonel. No sooner had Beauregard examined the ground than he discovered great objections to the plan. To assure himself, he climbed into a tree, and with the aid of the marine glass, the engineer’s vade mecum, he made a reconnoisance, and saw plainly that the trench, as planned, would be enfiladed by the enemy's can non. Here was a difficult position for a subaltern ministerial officer. He decided promptly, aad returned to head quarters without sticking a spade. The colonel met him ’and expressed surprise that he had so soon performed his task. Beaure gard replied that he had not touched it. The colonel, with the astonishment mili tary men feel in hearing their orders have not been obeyed, inquired the reason. He was soon informed of it. He was incred ulous; ‘the ground had been examined.’ ‘the reconnoisance was perfect,’ etc. The young lieutenant was satisfied, however, that the reconnoisance of his old chief had not been made like his, 'from up in a tree.’ The colonel, like a sensible man, conclu ded to make another examination; the plan was changed in accordance with the young lieutenant’s views. The work done from these trenches is matter of history, which has not, however, informed us to whom the credit is due. “The second event occurred before the city of Mexico. “A night « two before the attack a council of war was held. There were as sembled all the big folks, from the (now) Lieutenant-General (who practices Mex ican tactics from the house tops in Wash ington,) including Worth, Twiggs, etc., down to our friend Beauregard, the young est officer in the room. The debate went on for hours. Scott was solitary in his opinion. Every other officer present, ex cept one, had spoken, and all concurred in their views. The silent one was Beaure gard. At last General Pierce crossed over and said, ‘you have not expressed an opin ion.’ ‘I have not been called on,’ said Beauregard. ‘You shall be, however,’ said Pierce; and soon resuming his seat, announced that lieutenant Beauregard had not fgiven his opinion. Being then called out, he remarked, that if the plan which had received the consent of all but the commanding General was carried in to effect, it . would prove disastrous. It would be another Churubusco affair. He then»detailed the objections to it at length; and taking ap the other, urged the reasons in its favor with equal earnestness. The Council reversed their decision. The city of Mexico was entered according to the plan urged by the young lieutenant; and it would seem that his reasons influenced the decision. A few days afterward Gen eral Scott, in the presence of a number of general officers, alluded to lieutenant Beauregard’s opinion at the council, and the consequences which had followed from it. On the night of the 12th of April, Gen. Beauregard placed guard boats in Charles- - ton harbor, intended to intercept rein forcements for Maj. Anderson. In1 this he proved himself an able commander, and showed that, beside thoroughly understan ding the strategy of war, he possessed caution and prudence. The object of the * bombardment was to reduce the fort be fore assistance could arrive, as should the expected reinforcements reach their desti nation, the defence of the position might' be both protracted and bloody. To defeat the proposed reinforcement therefore was the one object of Gen. Beauregard, and the vigor and perseverance of the first day’s siege gave evidence of his determin-' ation to carry out his plan if possible. When night closed in his vigilance did not sleep. The expected assistance could only arrive by boats,- and although the glare from the shells which were poured into fort Sumpter lit up the murky sky con tinually, the darkness was such that boats might slip past unseen. To prevent this manoevre a small fleet of boats cruised a bout the harbor all the night. The effect was picturesque and beautiful, as the boats rising and falling with the motion of the waves caused the flashing torches held by the men to dance in weird motion. .. ■ ♦ • » .. True Yankee Grit.—Tbe Baltimore Sun supplies us with a touch of the genu ine Yankee. In 1812, in reply to the re quisition of the President for forces to re pel foreign invasion, Gov. Strong, of Mas sachusetts flatly refused. It was not (con tinues the Sun) until Sept. 7th, 1814, that his Excellency Caleb Strong was pleased » to write to the Secretary of War that, as “ the troops of the United States, which at different periods, were stationed on the sea-coast of this State, had been after*** wards ordered to join the army on the* western frontier, so that very few remain*) ed in the State,” he found it necessary’'te* call out small bodies of the militia, as > guards to the towns most exposed." With provident spirit, however, after doing this, he desires the Secretary of War “to con sult with the President and inform me* whether the expenses incurred for our pro tection will be ultimately reimbursed t»* the State by the General Government.” These are the picayune wretches (aptly remarks the Richmond Whig) who" are said to have been sent to invade this State*. They had better be certain that their el penses will be paid before they come. - ■■■■.. ♦ » —.- ■ Caution and Seckecy Necessakt.*— The Memphis Appeal very properly re marks that the public anxiety to be advised as to the intended operations of the troops now being concentrated in Virginia, can not «f course. he ^ratified bv those hav ing charge of the military preparations of the South. Publicity would advise our enemies as well as our friends;and if fore warned, they would be more efficiently forearmed. Every reflecting reader will see that prudence requires the utmost cau tion on the part of our leaders in the great struggle which is inaugurated. Every prudential consideration will convince the most anxious of the necessity of secrecy.. We have a wily foe to> deal with, and: the • people of the South can rely with perfect confidence upon the sagacity and patriot ism of those in whose hands our lives and honor and interests are placed, in this emergency. The thousand questions hour ly asked cannot be answered, and the sus pense must be borne. If our preparationa are properly made, the sesult cannot be doubted. Let our friends be patient, -— 9 » .... i A note from a correspondent in Galveston, Texas, under date of April 19, says : “ Old Sam Houston has just finished a speech of an hour, in which he said he will stand by the south at all hazards, and would die in defence of her rights. He blamed the sensation papers for misleading Lincoln in regard to his (£ouston’s) po sition. j$ggf*The cradle is the pilot boat of hu manity—wherein the young navigator on the sea of life take3 passage. ♦ • •»' ■ ■ — jggg“Every war bill passed by a North ern Legislature—every war movement at the North—every beligerent step taken there is answered by a corresponding movement in opposition, in the South.