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§ 'j JRooteii to linos, polities, Igrieulture, loeiol progress, ftioutifarhiring, Commereiol intelligence, Itmrsnnent, fa. pIbLISHEDEVi:i!V TONKSIHY. ATPKSARr. PRAIItlECOtJytT. \HK\\S j, (1. AT<)HHILL. TKHMS-X2 PER YEAR. IN ADVANCE. VOLUME V._UKS ARC, ARKANSAS,_11, 1859._IsTllM Ili:!! 27. THE DES ARC CITIZEN. | fERMS-H I* E It ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. 1?IFTY NUMBERS MAKING A VOLUME. hates of advertising. Rates of Advertising.—One square (10 |ine3 of this size type) for one insertion, $1; each additional insertion, 50 cents. _ 1 m. 1 2 m. | 3~mT| 0 m. | year. j s. "'j $T50i$5 00l$8 001 $10 001 $15 00 q Squads 5 00 8 00|l0 OOl 12 00 17 00 ! q Squares, 8 00 10 00'l2 00 15 00 2d 00 j 1-4 Column, 10 00112 00 15 001 17 00 30 00 | 1-2 Column, 112 00 15 00117 (Klj 20 00 40 00, 3-1 Column! 15 00 17 00>20 00, 25 001 n0 00 1 Column! 18 00 20 00 25 00 30 00 60 00 Advertisers by the year will be res tricted to their legitimate business. llSF"Advertisements displayed by largo type, or in double columns, charged double the above iKgr Personal communications charged dou ble the rates of regular advertisements. j Legal advertisements will be charged, for one square or less, Hist insertion $1, and SO cents per square for each additional inser- ^ tion. . Announcing candidates for State and . District offices, $7; County offices, $5; Town ship, offices $3, invariably in advance. .Clllls on persons to become candidates are charged at the usual rates, except when , peisons making the calls are subscribers to i our paper. Payment in advance. (pp-Political circulars charged as adver- j tisenmnts. Advertisements not ordered for a spe cified time, will he inserted till forbidden, and charged for accordingly. J IKS” All advertising to be paid for quarterly. OUR JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT. Wf. have supplied ourselves with a good v assortment of Printing Material, and are f ready to execute all kinds of Job Printing, on (' reasonable terms. We are prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata- < lngues, Posters, large or small, Cards, llall c Pickets, Bill Heads, Blanks of every descrip- 1 tion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the J Peace, Constables, &c. f ~J. S. ANDERSON, t SADDLE, BRIDLE! p m&wzr m i mm . DES AHO, ARKANSAS. r RESPECTFULLY informs I I 'V*h^L t|le citizens of Prairie and frvfg 1 adjacent counties, that he has on hand. 25 e irnl is prepared to manufacture to order, f, Saddles. Bridles, Martingales, Buggy, c Carriage and Hack Harness, well as every other description of work usually done in such establishments. ^ Shop on Lyon street, back of Fi itn & Jackson’s store. _jn"21-ly._ } McPHERSON, k COUNTY SUIIVKYOR. ° VLL, persons wishing my services in t-; this department of business, will please address me at Brownsville, Prairie county, < Ark. Every call will be punctually filled. V -novl3-ly __ -j NEW It ESTAU It A NT! THE ^ COSMOPOLITAN ! , Corner of Buena Vista ami Lyon streets, jj OHS ARC, ARKANSAS, ft TS now open for the reception of visitors. c The best of Liquors', Wines. Ale, Cigars, C etc., will be kept constantly on hand. f; V Oysters, Gams, &c., will be furnished at c short notice. L This Restaurant will be attended to by _ Messrs. J. C. Tarkinton and J. E. Hoke. jea»8.«m. C. T. OLD11 AM. (l uflTivrv’ts r.nANfVE = Corner of Buena Vistaand Foster a Streets, ft NEAR THE JACKSON HOUSE, c DES ARC, ARKANSAS. \ nAVING completed our new building, and -y . opened a first class establishment for the y accommodation of th.e public, and furnished it ^ with the best of Ciqiiors, Cigars, _ Tobacco, etc., the undersigned flatter themselves that they will continue to receive the patronage which has been heretofore be- y stowed upon them. j. Adj oining their Exchange they keep a c genera! assortment of FAftHLY GROCERIES, ti Also. Cove Oysters, Sardines, Fine Pickles, (j Catsups, Pepper Sauce, etc., etc. ft ,jy24-tf HARVEY & MATTHEWS. - A. S. H ARRIS, 81* «f T C H - .Tf .i K E K i' AND TEWEIiER “ OFFICE on Buena Vista street, opposite the Nucleus House. Des Arc. Arkansas. Clocks. Watches and Jewelry 4 repaired with neatness and dispatch, and war ranted to give satisfaction. nov20-6m p JAMES JOHNSON, ') Gunsmith, p IJES ARC, ARKANSAS. Having permanently located myself, 1 I am prepared to manufacture GUNS, PISTOLS, &c., to larder. k KfiiF" All kinds of Fire-Arms Repaired, o •on reasonable terms. w Ad * LOCKS repaired, and KEYS made. L In fact, any kind of work in my line will be L promptly attended to. _ Terms—Cash. apr3 ly BOOT AND SHOE-MAKING, i TO THE CITIZENS OF DES f ARC AND VICINITY: ^ J. H AVING removed my Shop to the corner j 1 of Buena Vista and Woodruff streets, I prepared, with a GOOD STOCK OF V LEATHER, suitable for Fall and Winter . S Wear, to accommodate the public. Work Done Cheaper than any place in - Town. WORK WARRANTED NOT TO RIP. Efcf* REPAIRING DONE neatly, at all A times. ’ P As I am permanently located Iff this place, S my interest is identified with yours. a +5T Terms, Cash. ci jau28-tf F. WETHERINGTON. j it PROFESSIONAL CARDS. r^R. N. L. RAGLAND, having lo cated on Wattensaw, at the residence iierctofore occupied by W. B. Means, deccas id, offers his professional services to the public. fgp” Calls promptly attended to. [apr 1-ly. I)R. T. J. CUMMINGS, having per inanently located at Atlanta, Prairie lonnty, Ark., ofTers his professional services ,o tlie public. Having practiced in hospitals as well is in families, he flatters himself that he can render satisfaction to his patrons. 33T’ Office at Peebles’ Hotel [apr 1-tf. I'hR J.(Tg 0 ODWIN, determined to remain permanently in Des Arc, will ;ontinue to treat diseases, both Acute and Chronic in accordance with the most approv »d principles of Scientific and Demonstrative Medicine. (gp” Thankful for the libera! patronage he las heretofore enjoyed, respectfully solicits ts continuance. (gP” Office at D. P. Black & Co’s., Drug Store. Charges as low as any Physician in own. aprill-ly. r*R. J. L. NEEL, having permanent ■-^ly located in Des Arc. Arkansas, offers lis professional services to the citizens of he town and vicinity. Office over Washer, faughan &. Co’s Store. [mar 11-Om. DR. T. SANDERS, late of Memphis. having settled in the town of Des Arc, enders his professional services to the citi ens of said town and vicinity; and,from a ong experience in the healing art in the West, .atters himself that he will share their pat onage. Office on Buena Vista street, tesidenco on Woodruff street. dec5-tf DR. YV. F. YVALSFI, having located at Des Arc, offers his Professional Ser rri-i fn the Tiublic. Calls nromntlv at ended to. may29,I858-ly* r\R. WM. BETHELL, will continue \) the Practice of Medicine in Des Arc, and icinity. From his long experience in his rofession, and having resided in Arkansas uring the past fourteen years, he hopes to re eive a share of the public patronage.— (|gg” Office at Lane & Watts’s Drug tore. Residence in the building formerly ccupied as the “ Erwin House.” may22-tf [~|R. J. J. LANE, will Practice Medi cine in the different branches of the Pro >ssion, and respectfully tenders his services to le citizens of Des Arc and surrounding coun ty, hoping to share at least a portion of their atronage. OFFICE—On Buena Vista street. mayl5-tf rAS. R. HARRINGTON, * Mechanical and Surgical; ikntist, Near Oakland Grove, rairie county, Arkansas. DR. HARRING ON is prepared to perform any operation, or cecute any artiffciai work in the Dental pro ssinn. He hopes by his particular attention, irefulness and experience to merit the pat mage and influence of the citizens of Prairie id adjoining counties, which he respectfully ilicits. may30-ly 17AKEMAN W EDWARDS, Law i'V VER, Springfield, Conway county, Ar msas. Will practice in the various courts : Middle Arkansas, jjgp" Prompt attention veil to the collection of all claims entrusted him. _ JII ARLES P. BERTRAND A TTOR J nkv at Law, Little Rock, Ark. [jan21 ) JORDAN, Attorney at Law, , Little Rock, Arkansas. [decll-ly. T7- G. & B. D. TURNER, Attor | V m neys at Law, and General Collec ts. Searcj-, White county. Arkansas. Prac ce in the Circuit Courts of Randolph, Law mce, Independence, Jackson, White, Prairie, tonroe, Arkansas, Jefferson and Pulaski unities, and in the Supreme and Federal ourts at Little Rock Ark. Prompt and ithful attention given to the collection of all aims sent to them. fjan8-tf. FEATHERSTON... R- H. FARR. FEATHERSTON & FARR, Attor > neys at Law, and Real Estate Agents, larendon, Arkansas. Will practice in the mnties of Monroe, Arkansas, Prairie, St. rancis, Jackson and Phillips. Particular j .tention given to collections. References: r _ i: _ A . D W n HpnsnlfiV. S. W. hildress; Clarendon, Ark., H. M. Couch, anola. Miss., Col. Calvin Miller; Cofleeville, j tiss E. C. Walthall; Memphis, Tenn., D. | r DuBose. Esq.. W. J. Webb ; Holly Springs, iiss.. W T. Featherston; Washington. D.« ..Jacob Thompson. _jyD [ E. GATEWOOD, Attorney at Law, Des Arc, Prairie county, Arkansas. HU practice in the counties of Prairie. Ar ansas, Monroe, St. Francis, Jackson, White, onwav, and Pope. He will give prompt at ntion to all business entrusted to him. OFFICE—Over Town Hall, (Frith’s ew Building.) first door. feb!3—tf [ W. MARTIN, Attorney at Law, Des Arc, Prairie county, Arkansas. Will ra’ctice in the counties of Prairie, Arkansas, \ [onroe, St. Francis, Jackson and White. , Prompt attention given to the collection ; fclaiins; also, the locating, selling ami pay Ig taxes on land. Office on Lyon street. sept26-tf_* _ TTILLIAM T JONES Attorney1 tV at Law, Brownsville, Arkansas. Will ractice in the counties of Prairie, Jefierson, rkansas, Monroe, St. Francis. Jackson and ,’hite. Prompt attention given to the collec on of all claims in the middle and eastern art of the State. _ gept26-tf LM’L W. WILLIAMS.w. L. D. WILLIAMS. 11 WILLIAMS & WILLIAMS, At-! * * tornf.ys at Law, Little Rock, Ar- | ansas. Office on Markham street. One of ir firm will be almost always at Brownsville, here he can be consulted on professional jsiness, and will give his personal attention i all matters in Law and Equity, entrusted to , iem._decA- I r A. MOON, Attorney at Law, General Collecting and Land Agent, ! or the Northern and Eastern Counties of rkansas, Des Arc, Arkansas. octxO L. HOLLOWELL... D. JACOWAY. j TOLLOWELL & JACOWAY, At 1 torneys at Law, Dardanelle. Arkansas, ’ill practice in the counties of Yell. Perry, Bine, Pulaski, Prairie, Conway and Pope. je2fi-tf > FURNISS MARTIN, Attorney *■"' at Law. Brownsville, Prairie county, rkansas. Will practice in the counties of rairie, Pulaski, Conway, Pope. Yell, Perry, dine. White. Arkansas, Jefferson, Jackson id Monroe. Prompt attention givon to the illectlon of claims. Also, the locating, sell g aiid paying taxes on land. jy!7-ly | ; From Meek’s “ Songs of the South.”] THE MOTHERS OF THE SOUTH. The Mothers of the South! In the lurid morn of battle, When from the cannon’s mouth Came the thunder’s deadly rattle— Their fair and fragile forms Shrank not, in terror, from us, But—rainbows on the storms— Still gave us freedom’s promise! Then pledge to-night their memories bright, Our noble Southern mothers ! Who in the strife—maid, matron, wife— Stood by their sons and brothers! On Camden’s fatal plain, At Eutaw and Savannah, The star of freedom’s train Was beauty’s woven banner ! Throughout the night of wo, The flag was still resplendent, And many a son fell low To keep its folds ascendant! Then pledge to-night their memories bright, Our noble Southern mothers! Who In the strife—maid, matron, wife— Stood by their sons and brothers! Oh. yes! we’ll keep their names Embalm’d in song and story, Those iron-hearted dames, Who cradled freedom’s glory ; And should the strife of war E’er tinge again our wTaters, We’ll find our hearts to cheer, These matrons in their daughters ! Then pledge to-night their memories bright, Our noble Southern mothers! Who in the strife —maid, matron, wife— Stoo 1 by their sons and brothers ! NIGHT. Gently, 0 Night! as falling snow O’er closing flowers and water’s flow, Thy wing is cast; And calm and deep thy shadows lie, As early thoughts that cannot die, Within the Past. And now, in yon blue vault on high, The countless priesthood of the sky, Serene and still, With holy incense, pure and free, Reflected from Eternity, Their censers fill. Whence comest thou, O, solemn Night! With speaking winds, and worlds of light, A wondrous hand ? Thy presence wins, as sunbeams’ dew, My soul’s deep aspirations to The Spirit Land. Dim with the lines of early birth, And heavy with the dust of earth, The weight of life, My struggling spirit draws from thee Power to contend with destiny— Strength for the strife. Thy shadows, o’er my burning brain, Fall as the drops of cooling rain Ou the parch’d dust; And grateful I kneel down to pray For a brave heart to tread Life’s way— For changeless trust. -♦-»-*. From the Nashville Union and American.] GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES. The Opposition evidently rely for a large part of their capital, in the Lusiness of making a President, upon the effect to he produced upon the people by the in crease in the public expenses within the last few years. They longingly remem ber the days of 1810, and of Ogle’s speech ; and ate engaged in trying to raise another such a storm as was then witnessed. They forget, or think the people forget, that, since 1840, these Opposition men have on several occasions been in power, and h ive had their professions when out of office tested by their practice when in it. The public will not soon forget the dis gracelul scenes ol loll ana loay, ana the actual stealing, as well as the general profligacy and corruption, which charac terized every single department of which the men who now call themselves the “ Opposition” obtained possession. It is no part of our purpose to deny the existence of extravagance in the public expenditures, or to attempt to fix the en tire responsibility of the extravagance ffn the Opposition. What we do say is, that the heaviest increase in the expenses is chargeable on the very Opposition which now seeks to use this extravagance to the prejudice of the Democratic party. We can say further, that, so far as positive corruption in regard to the appropriations has been traced, in the National as well as in our State Governments, it has beeu traced to members of the Opposition. The heaviest items in the increased ex penditures were appropriated by the thirty fourth Congress, when the Opposition had a majority in the House, with Mr. Banks for Speaker. The following table, made up from the “Congressional Globe,” ex hibits the amount of money appropriated by the thirty-fourth Congress;; and also that estimated for by the administration of President Pierce, to be appropr ated by that Congress, not only for the expenses of the Government for the fiscal years be ginning on the first of July, 1856, and ending on the thirtieth of June, 1858, but also to supply deficiencies for the year ending June 30th, 1856 : Amount of money appropriat ed bv the thirty-fourth Con jjres/..$113,464,849 16 Amount of money estimated by the Departments as necessary to have been appropriated by the thirty-fourth Congress, as embraced in regular printed estimates, and subsequent esti mates sent in bv the Depart ments.'.$101,976,061 17 Amount appropriated by the thirty-fourth Congress, not asked for by the Departments $11,488,777 99 It will he thus seen that an Opposition Congress, instead of restricting itself to the estimates of a Democratic administra tion, or, if extravagance existed, cutting them down, actually appropriated the sum of $11,488,777 99' more than the admin istration asked should be appropriated. This excess over the estimates was to have been expended among the several Departments, as follows: Legislative.$2,059,689 28 Executive. 6,398 29 State. 6,395 60 Treasury. 4,889,858 GO Interior. 809,007 77 War. 1,848,035 44 Navy.. 658,779 45 Post-Office. 160,265 23 Private Acts. 1,040,348 33 Total.$11,488,777 99 The largest excess voted over esti mates, it will be discovered, from the above table, was for expenditures under the auspices of the Treasury Department, amounting to $4,889,858 60. Over four millions of this amount was for custom houses, post-offices, court-houses, sites for same, etc., at places where, in a greater portion of instances, there is not money enough collected to pay the expenses of collection. The amount of $1,848,035 44, not asked for by the administration of President Pi erce, and appropriated by the Opposition thirty-fourth Congress, and expended un der the War Department, was, to the ex tent of $1,000,000, for appropriations for river and harbor improvements, passed over the veto of the President. It would be a conclusive test of the sin cerity of the Opposition in now preaching i members of House of Representatives. Yeas: Democrats 11; Opposition, 84, Nays: Democrats, 54 ; Opposition, 37. I Feb. 24. 1857. Journal p. 528. On I the New York Fire Bill, involving over j $5,000,000. Yeas: Democrats, 3; Op position, 100. Nays: Democrats, 58; Opposition, 28. March 2,1857. Journal p. 597. On | the bill appropriating $225,000 a year for five years for removing, by contract, ob i stractions in the Mississippi river. Yeas: Democrats, 9; Opposition, 96. Nays: Democrats, 15; Opposition, 17. This must suffice for to-day. We will continue the subject to-morrow. Horrible Massacre by Cannibals—Three Hundred and Thirty Persons Killed and Eaten. We published a brief statement of the wreck of the French ship St. Paul, on the Island of Rossel, in the South Pacific, in September last, and the subsequent mas sacre of three hundred and thirty Chinese passengers. The survivor was rescued by the steamer Styx, and has furnished the following narrative to the Sydney, Austra lia, papers: “ The ship went on shore during the night, and when she struck, the passen gers all rushed on deek making a great outcry, upon which the Captain drove them all below again. When daylight broke, Kir innono nl I ln-> hnalQ mi n r» economy to show that tins Opposition had a majority in the body in which the ap propriation bills must originate during the session of Congress when the heaviest in crease was made. But we avail ourselves of the records of Congress to go still far ther, and show that the extravagant appro priations were made, in nearly or quite every case, by a majority of the Opposi tion voting against them. July 7, 1856. Journal p. 1174. On Mr. A. K. Marshall’s resolution to pur chase books for members. Cost near I $300,000. Yeas: Democrats, 11; Op position, S3. Nays : Democrats, 47 ; Opposition, 35. May 13, 1S56. ' Journal p. 964. On Mr. Holloway’s motion to print 200.000 instead of 100,000 of Agricultural Re port. Additional cost about $70,000. Yeas: Democrats, 12; Opposition, 6S. Nays: Democrats, 30; Opposition, 24. July 8, 1856. Journal p. 1176. On appropriation of $336,000 for removing obstructions from the mouth of the Mis sissippi River, over the veto of the Presi dent. Yeas : Democrats, 16 ; Opposi tion, 127. Nays: Democrats, 52; Op position, 3. July 8, 1S56. Journal p. 1178 On appropriation of $100,000 for deepening over the Flats of the St. Marie’s River, over the veto of the President. Yeas: Democrats, 12; Opposition, 124. Nays: Democrats, 51; Opposition, 3. July 8, 1856. Journal p. 1176. On appropriation of $450,000 for deepening the Channel over St. Clair Flats, over the veto of the President. Yeas: Demo crats, 13 ; Opposition, 126. ' Nays : Dem ocrats, 52; Opposition, 3. April 16, 1856. Journal p. 714. On Mr. Tyson’s resolution for the purchase of Dr. Kane’s work, which would have cost $75,000. Yeas: Democrats, 18; Opposition, 79. Nays: Democrats, 31 ; Opposition, 30. March 19,1856. Journal p. 695. On Mr. Dunn’s motion to send a Traveling Committee to Kansas. Cost in all the ex penditures resulting from it over $50,000. Yeas: Democrats, 3; Opposition, 101. Nays: Democrats, 68; Opposition, 23. Feb. 18, 1856. Journal p. 552. On motion to suspend rules to introduce reso lution appropriating money for the relief of the suffering poor at Washington and Georgetown. Yeas: Democrats. 2 ; Op- j position, 75 ; Nays: Democrats, 47 ; Op-j position, 10 July 23, IS56. Journal p. 1270. On _: _.: nn aab .~„ f T>XT’., ^'““'"6 ---V-- ■ ,-" sas Investigating Committee with evidence, and 100.000 witliout it. Cost about $40, ; 000. Yeas: Democrats, 1; Opposition, 179. Nays: Democrats, 42; Opposition, I 16. August 11, 1856. Journal p. 1421. On the appropriation of $200,000 for the improvement of the Des Moines Rapids, over the veto of the President. Yeas: Democrats, 10; Opposition, 120. Nays: Democrats, 47 ; Opposition. 7. August 16, 1856. Journal p. 1499. On the appropriation of S100 000 for the improvement of the Patapsco River, over the veto of the President. Yeas: Demo- j crais,10; Opposition, 117. NaysiDem | ocrats, 41 ; Opposition, 6. August 8, 1856. Journal p. 1421. On the resolution paying A. II. Reeds’ per piem and mileage. Yeas: Demo crats, 3; Opposition, 100. Nays: Dem ocrats, 57 ; Opposition, 25. August 14, 1856. On amending amendment of Senate striking out appro priation for books for members, so as to appropriate $182,765 85 for that purpose. Yeas: Democrats, 14; Opposition, 81. Nays: Democrats, 45; Opposition, 37. Feb. 9, 1857 Journal p. 380. On appropriating $70,000 for the construction of a wagon road to the Pacific. Yeas: j Democrats, 17; Opposition, 102. Nays: I Democrats. 35 ; Opposition, 11. Feb. 9, 1857. Journal p. 518. On \ appropriating $70,000 per annum to At lantic Telegraph until receipts reached 6 per cent, on investment, then $25,000 a year for 25 years. Yeas: Democrats, 9; Opposition, 92. Nays: Democrats, 50 ; Opposition, 33. Feb. 23, 1857. Journal p. 578. On I appropriating $182,765 85 for books for island, where we remained two days with out any water, when some of them went on board the ship again to get some, as also provisions. The captain left in his boat with some of his crew, and we were not disturbed by the natives for a month after he was gone ; they then came over from the mainland, distant about three quarters of a mile, and made an attach on us. Some of us had double-barrelled carbines, but we got frightened and threw them away. The only white man left with us, after the departure of Captain Pennard, was a Greek, who having armed himself with a cutlass, fought desperately, and killed a great many of the natives be fore he was overpowered. They then took all our clothing, etc., which they partly destroyed. Any valuables that they found, such as sovereigns, rings, etc., they placed in a net bag, which each man car ried round his neck. A watch, particular ly, excited their attention, as they were continually opening it to observe the reflec tion of their faces in the glass. At night, we were placed in the centre of a clear piece of ground, and fires lit in several places, the natives keeping a reg ular watch over us, and during the day they would select four or five Chinese, and, after killing them, roast the flesh, and eat it: what was not consumed being de posited in their nests. Their mode of pro ceeding was as follows: the victims being decided 8n, they were taken out and beat en all over, (excepting the head,) with a kind of club, and then dispatched by rip ping the stomach open. The body was then cut up in small pieces and divided, the fingers, toes and brains being eagerly sought after. The bones were then col lected, aud either burnt or thrown away. I saw ten of my fellow passengers killed in this way. On one occasion some of the Chinese took a boat which belonged to the ship and went over to the mainland at night to get some water, but never re turned, so we thought they had been killed. Every day they brought us cocoa nuts or some wild roots to eat, and ap peared to be quite friendly with us. This state of things continued until I was taken off the island. When I left there were only four Chinese and the Greek alive, all the rest having been killed. I saw these five the day the steamer came in sight, but when the natives saw the boats corning on shore, they took them to the mountains. 1 was sick and lame and they would not carry me, so that I watched my opportunity and contrived to conceal myself among the rocks until the boat came on shore. They are very numerous, but do not appear to have any chiefs among them. They live on cocoa nuts, of which there are large quantities, and a kind of yam, which they roast before eating; but beyond a few dogs, I saw neither animals or fowls of any kind. ” The Fa hum’s Home.—The business of the farmer is at home—his pleasures are home pleasures, and his enjoyments are at home. The merchant may gel along without a home ; he may spend his days in his office or counting-room, or in the exciting marts of commerce—his even ings in contriving new schemes, deep plans for accumulating wealth, on averting anticipated loss. Too seldom are the hours or days he snatches from business cares, for recreation, devoted to quiet home ; pleasures; they do not satisfy the ever-[ feverish brain that craves excitement, even in its repose. Toe watering-place, the concert, the theatre, the convivial party, and the wine-cup, constitute, in too many cases, the pleasures of our men of wealth. It is stated that a merchant who recently failed; in one of our large cities, on being asked what he intended to do, replied that he should first “go and get acquainted; with his wife and children. This was, perhaps, an xtreme case . yet too many I are strangers at home. How happy the I man who feels that he has a true home, j the temple of his household gods, where; he reigns a patriarch, priest, and king—a refuge from rage and malice, a shelter from the storms of life, which no loss of! wealth, no change of circumstances, can affect—a rose without a thorn—a sun that1 knows no setting. ounious f acts.—Kiipnaei ann i,tuner were born in the year 1483. The former died in 1520, the same year with Da Vin ci. Spencer was born in 1553, the year in which Latimerdied. Sir Walter Ila leigh and Hooker were also born within a few months of Spencer. Shnkspeare and Galileo were both born in 1564, the year in which Luther and Calvin and Roger Aschaindied. Galileo was born the day Michael Angelo died, and died tho day Newton was born. Newton made one of his first experiments at the age of sixteen, on September 3d, 1658, the day of the great storm when Cromwell died. Crom well was born in 1599, the year in which Spencer died. Izaak Walton, Newton, Tasso, all died in 1593. Claude Lor raine and Poussin, the artists, were born in 1600, the year in which Hooker died. Claude and Murillo died in the year 16S2. Milton, Clarendon and Fuller were all born in 1608. Tho two former died in the same year, 1674, and the year in which Watts was born. Shakspeare and Pocahontas died in the same year, 1616. Raleigh died in 1618, the year in which the famous Synod of Dort was formed. Bunyan was born in 1628, the year in which Decker died, and died in 1688, the year Pope was born. Dryden was born in 1631, the year in which Donne died, and died in 1700, the year in which Thomson and Blair were born. Galileo, Guido and Boyle all died in 1642 Bur net, the historian, was born in 1643, the year in which Hampden died. Rollin and Fuller died the year Defoe was born, 1661. Swift was born in 1667, the -year Jeremy Taylor died. Locke and Sir P.LrietnnKaf Wren WPro hntll hom in 1632. Bolingbroke and Addison were both born in 1672, two years before Mil ton died. Defoe died in 1713, the year Sterne was born. Burnet died in 1714, the year Whitefield and Shenstone were born. Liehnitz died in 1716, the year Garrick and Gray were born. Penn died in 1718, the year Putnam and Brainard were born. Sir C. Wren died in 1723, the year in which Blackstone and Reyn olds were born. Cowper was born in 1731. Goldsmith was born in 1729, the year in which Steele died. Gibbon, Smollett, Collins and Akenside were all born, in 1721. Gibbon and Akenside both died in 1794, the same year Wither spoon died. Watts and Thomson died in 1748. Voltaire and Pitt in 1778. Chris topher Wren in 1773, the year Priestley and Coleridge were born. George Washington, Patrick Henry and Howe all died in 1789. Cromwell and Hamp den, who were cousins, both took passage in a vessel that lay in the Thames, bound for North America, in 1637. They were actually on board, when an order of coun cil appeared, by which the ship was pro hibited from sailing. Goethe was at one time, also, on the brink of crossing the ocean for America. So was Robert Burns. Gen. Israel Putnam.—At a recent meeting of the Connecticut Historical Society at Hartford, the battle sword of General Putnam was presented in behalf of the late Lemuel Putnam, Governor of Pomphert. Hon. Judah Dana, a grandson of Put nam, and once United States Senator from Maine, left this graphic sketch of Putnam. “ In his person for height, about the middle size; erect, thick set, muscular and firm in every part. His countenance was open, sirong and animated ; the fea tures of ins face large, well proportioned to each and his whole frame ; his teeth fair and sound till death. His organs were all exactly fitted for a warrior ; he heard quickly, saw to an immense dis tance, and though he sometimes stammer ed in 1)is conversation, his voice was re markable heavy, strong and commanding. Though facetious and dispassionate in private, when animated in battle his countenance was fierce and terrible, and his voice like thunder. His whole man ner was admirably calculated to inspire bis soldiers with courage and confidence, and his enemy with terror. The faculties of his mind were not inferior to those of his body; his penetration was acute, his decision rapid, remarkably correct, and the more desperate his situation, the more collected and undaunted. With courage of a lion, he had a heart that melted at the sight of distress; he could never wit ness suffering in any human being with out becoming s sufferer himself; even the operation of blood-letting has caused him to faint. In viewing the battle-field his distress was exquisite until he had offered friend or foe all the relief in his power. Once after battle, on examining a bullet wound through the head of a favorite officer, Capt. Whiting, who died on the field, he fainted and was taken up for dead. Martial music roused him to the highest pitch, while solemn sacred music set him into tears. In his disposition he was open nnd generous almost to a fault ; he never disguised, and in the social rela tions of life was never excelled.” The sword is a plain old weapon, sin gle edged, flat backed slightly curved. -» • - -Washington Irving attained his seventy sixth year on the 3rd ult His neighbors in dicated their remembrance by offerings of flowers, and by visits and greetings. -It is only when we are tossed on the ocean of care and affliction, left alone to guide ourselves past rocky shores that we can fully realize the blessings of those forever past, halcyon days of childhood. - It is a good sign to see a man wiping the prespiration from his face ; it is a bad bad sign to see a fellow wiping his mouth as he comes out of a cellar. > I OM A IT 3 OMILE A U JUAUUH.- rv beautiful smile is to the female counte nance what the sunbeam is to the land scape. It embellishes an inferior face, and redeems an ugly one. A smile, how ever, should not become habitual, or insi pidity is the result; nor should the mouth break into a smile on one side, the other remaining passive and unmoved ; for this imparts an air of deceit and grotesquenesa to the face. A disagreeable smile dis torts the lines of beauty, and is more re pulsive than a frown. There are many kinds of smiles, each having a distinctive character—some an nounce goodness and sweetness, others betray, sarcasm, bitterness, and pride; some soften the countenance by their lan guishing tenderness, others brighten it up by their brilliant and spiritual vivacity. Gazing and poring before a mirror can not aid in acquiring beautiful smiles half as well as to turn the gaze inward, to watch that the heart keeps unsullied from the reflection of evil, and is illuminated and beautified by all sweet thought. Then there is woman's sweet laugh, than which there is not a natural grace more bewitching. Its sound has been pleasantly compared to flutes on the water. It leaps from her heart in a clear sparkling rill, and the heart that it reaches feels as if bathed in the cool, exhilarating spring. It runs the prose ol lips into poetry; it flings showers of sunshine over this daik some world in which we are traveling ; and it gilds with light and brightness all that it touches. -- A Coquette.—To look at the green trees, the luxuriant gardens, the beautiful (lowers, one wouia naturally conciuae that we were enjoying all the blessed beatitudes incident to the genial season, Spring ; but to wake up of a morning and find your nose almost frozen off, and the earth carpeted with a white frost, is well calculated to dispel any such fanciful illu sion. Here it is, Monday morning, the 18th of April, and a heavy white ftost is observable glittering in the early rays of the sun, which should be ashamed to per mit such fantastic capers during its noc turnal visit to the antipodes. April has not behaved herself this year as well as her younger and more frolicsome sister, March. Truly she has departed herself with great rudeness, behaved like a spoil ed, petted, turbulent, uprorious Tom-boy ; with the heartlessness of a coquette, she has courted the tender buds, wooed the pretty flowers, and invited the innocent young fruit to come and sit in her lap, and when, trusting to her gentle tones and winning voice, they all came and placed themselves in her power, like another treacherous Delilah, she lias attempted, with a pair of shears, borrowed from the cold hearted December, to deprive them of their flowing locks of beauty, and send them to an early grave. But, thanks to kind old mother earth, who has become somewhat warm in the cause, no great damage is done. The fruit and flowers still live.— [Ouachita Herald. --- -Fast men, like fast rivers, are general ly the shallowest. -Keep out of bad company, for the chance is, that when the devil fires into a dock he will hit somebody. -If you do when you are alone what you are unwilling to do in the presence of your acquaintances, you respect them more than you do yourself. Stability of Character. — A change of change in the moon. -Most fashions are ridiculous, but one is obliged to tumble into ridicule, to avoid ap pearing still more ridiculous. -A Chinaman went into a fancy goods store. He had heard consistency was a jewel, and he wanted a specimen. - Many politicians boast that they can’t be bought, when they arc really so worthless that they can’t be sold. - When is a tired man like a thief ? When he needs a-resting. -Fanny Fern says she once had a narrow escape from being a minister’s wife. The witty Fanny doesn’t tell what the minister es caped. -“I’m particularly uneasy on this point,” as the fly said, when the boy stuck him on the end of a needle. -Nothing is further than earth from heaven ;• nothing is nearer than heaven to earth. -There is goodness, like wild honey, hived in strange nooks and corners of the earth. -He that never changes any of his opin ions, never corrects any of his mistakes. -Act uprightly and fearlessly, and you defy the devil and all his works. -Temptations are a file, which rub off much of the rust of our self-confience. -‘ An India rubber ship 1’ exclaimed an old sailor who had been listening to a descrip tion of such a proposed invention ; £- that would never do, because it would rub out all the lines of latitude ami longitude, to say noth ing of the equator !” -Vanity keeps persons in favor with themselves, who are out of favor with all others. -They have a rose grafted on a peach tree at Pendleton, N. C., and the tree being in full bloom presents a beautiful appearance. i _Gold is an idol worshipped in all cli ■ mates, without a single temple, and by every person, without a single hypocrite. -The latest swindling dodge is for a counterfeiter to go into a house while the hus band is gone, and olfer to pay the lady some money, which the sw.ndter says he owes him. Counterfeit bills are given, and the change re ceived. This trick has been successfully playrd in Chicago, Detroit, Buffalo and St. Louis.