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I PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. AT DES ARC, PRAIRIE COUNTY. ARKANSAS. BY J. C. MORRILL. TERMS-^ PERJM1^^ A|IVA1Y^ volume||1 's _ * *' . " '“ "" THE DES ARC CITIZEN. TERMS —*9 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE TN ADVANCE. FIFTY NUMBERS MAKING A VOLUME. RATES OP ADVERTISING. Rates ok Advertising.—One square (10 •lines of this size type) for one insertion, $1; 'each additional insertion, 50 cents. 1 m. | 2 hi. | 3 m. | 0 m. year. 1 Square, *2 50|$o 6dj$^ 00|$10 00 $15 00 2 Squares, 5 00; 8 00 10 00i 12 00 17 00 3 Squares, R 00 10 00,12 00 15 00 25 00 1-4 Column, 110 00112 00 15 001 17 00: 30 00 1-2 Column, 112 00 15 00117 00 20 001 40 00 '3-4 Column, 115 00 47 00120 00' 25 00! 50 00 1 Column, 48 00 20 00 25 00 30 00 60 00 Advertisers by the year will be res tricted to their legitimate business. l!gp"Advertisemeuts displayed by large type, or in double columns, charged double the above rates. m" Personal communications charged dou ble the rates of regular advertisements. (jgf Legal advertisements will be charged, for one square or less, first insertion $1, and 50 cents per square for each additional inser tion. g^p* Announcing candidates for State and District offices, $7; County offices, $5; Town ship, offices $3, invariably in advance. Calls on persons to become candidates are charged at the usual rates, except when peisons making the calls are subscribers to our paper. Payment in advance. ggrPolitical circulars charged as adver tisements. Auvciwscuicmo ni/i, ~ “r~ cj,hed time, will be inserted till forbidden, and ! charged for accordingly. (j^-All advertising to be paid for quarterly. OUR JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT. Wk have supplied ourselves with a good assortment of Printing Material, and are | ready to execute all kinds of Job Printing, on reasonable terms. We are prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata logues, Posters, large or small, Cards, Ball Tickets, Bill Heads, Blanks of every descrip i lion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the i Peace, Constables, &c. I IU1BAIL8WL g DRUGGIST, g ALSO, DEALER IN Stationery, Perfumery, r t v* x tin’iruH &c., Lane & Watts’ old stand, Buena Vista street, ISlIbiS -AiiSil&o Fine Wines, Brandies, &.C., for Me dicinal purposes, always on hand. (E3TPhysicians prescriptions are accurately compounded of the best articles that can be procured. janl8-tf. J. T. P A i; i I All, architect, earpenter and joiner, - - '^Tjmrrr ' "3 . .MiSlHiP Respectfully informs the citizens of Des Arc and vicinity, that he is prepared \o execute all work intrusted to his care, with neatness and dispatch. PLANS AND DESIGNS OF BUILDINGS Furnished to order, free of charge where he has tile contract for the same. From his experience, both as an archi tect and contractor, he flatters himself that he can render entire satisfaction. jim29-tf CARPENTER AND JOINER, HAVING permangntlylocated at Des Arc, Arkansas, is prepared to execute all Work in HIS tine of Riisinesa, id a saiisrucLui v uuumci. ... ' - i rience, he feels confident that those who favor him with contracts will have no cause to re gret it. ORDERS FROM THE COUNTRY, Left at (J. W. Vahen’s Store, will meet with prompt attention. jun20-ly j s 1VIH HSOY. SADDLE, BRIDLE -A N D Harness .Hann fact tire r, DES ARC, ARKANSAS. RESPECTFULLY informs I**.-— the citizens of Prairie and adjacent counties, that he has on hand, and is prepared to manufacture to oidei, Saddles, Bridles, Martingales, Buggy Carriage and Hack Harness, I As well as every other description of won< Usually done in such establishments. ftS” Shop on Lyon street, back of i nth « Jackson’s store. jan.?l-l\ ulScksmithixg Wagon and Buggy Making. MARTIN SHETTER, DES ARC, ARKANSAS, mHANKFUL to the m ^ywar [ people for their past fa-|( l [ <aBE"..-gSSI vors.respectfullv announces > 0 ■ ihat he has opened a shop at T. \ . Lee’s ol< I stand, on Park street, where he is prepared t ■ do all kinds of worn in the above line. ■ |^*Blaclcsinithing, wagon and buggy build I ing, wheelbarrows, repairing. &c., done 01 ■ shor notice. Horse-shoeing done promptly, feb 18-tf __ fTlepti e n , TCHMAKEB ■ ipr Bukna Vista Stheei i Opposite A. Stewart • k ^Brothers,) DES ARC. ARK ' RESPECTFULLY ir ■ f forms the citizens < l Des Arc and the adjacent country, that he ht a new and select stock of CLOCKS AND JEWELRY. i He is, as usual, prepared to •'xecutv all kinc ! of CLOCK and WATCH Work, in a wort [ manlike manner, and to Repair and Clea JwwelktF**. ap29-tf PROFESSIONAL CARDS. J. J. LAKE.W. H. CHAMBERS. Drs. LANE & CHAMBERS HAVING formed a partnership in the practice of their profession, tender their services to the citizens of Des Arc and adja cent country. Prom their eVperiente they hope to share at least a portion of the patron age of the public. Office on Buena Vista street, at Bals ly a Drug Store. feblitf DR. N. L. RAGLAND, having located at the residence of R. B. Trezevant, (formerly B. II. Allens place.) 2} miles from Wattensaw Landing, offers his professional services to the public. (i^’ Particular attention given to deseases of women and children. jan 1-ly. Jffp.di.ral Card. DR. S. CHENIVA from Louisiana, res pectfully notifies the inhabitants of Dos Arc and the surrounding country, that he has established himself permanently at this place for the practice of his profession, and as a speciality, those branches of it pertaining to women and children’s maladies. Dr. Cheniva has a right to hope, after a successful peactice of fourteen years in Louis sana—and nine years of which was in the city of New Orleans, that he may also deserve the confidence of a generous and enlightened public, in this State. N.’ 8. Syphilitic diseases in all their stages are radically cured according to a modern and approved system. Office—at Dr. J. J. Lane’s old stand. nov9-tf. 1AR J. C GOODWIN, determined to remain permanently in Des A%, will continue to treat diseases, both Acute and Chronir in accordance with the, most approv ed principles of Scientific and Demonstrative Medicine. (gy Thankful for the liberal patronage he has heretofore enjoyed, respectfully solicits its continuance. (fy Office at D. P. Black & Co’s.. Drug Store. aprill-lv DR. J. L. NEEL, having permanent ly located in Des Arc, Arkansas, offers his professional services to the citizens of the town and vicinity. Office over Washer, Vaughan & Co’s Store. [mar 11-ly. DR. T. SANDERS, Resident Physi cian, Des Arc, Arkansas. (Jgp“ Office it„ann vi«tn street. Residence on Wood ruff street. : nit. w . f. Welsh’ having located at \) Des Arc, offers his Professional Ser vices to the public, Calls promptly at tended to. may29,1858-1y” L. I). TURNER..WM. T. JONES. TPURNER & JONES, Attorneys at -*• Law. Brownsville, Arkansas. Will at tend promptly to all business entrusted to them. . jan4-tf. rr ft. LAWRENCE, Attorney at * Law, Des Arc, Arkansas. Special at tention given to collecting. jan4-tf. O H. HEMPSTEAD, Attorney at Law, O. Little Rock, Arkansas. Office on Mark ham street. janll-tf. R. S. GANTT. w.j. bronaugh Gantt & bronaugh, attorneys ‘ at Law, Brownsville, Arkansas. Will attend promptly to any business confided to them. _septl4tf_ JACOB T MORRILL, Attorney at Law, Notary Public, and Justice of the Peace, Clarington, (Sunfisli.) Monroe County, Ohio. [jul27-tf. J. E. GATEWOOD. ... A. MOON. r\ ATE WOOD & MOON, Land IT Agents and Real Estate Brokers, Des Arc, Arkansas. Will attend to payment of taxes, locating Government, Swamp or Mil itary lands. Blanks of every description al ways on hand. i aug3-tf. rp B. KENT, Attorney at Law, Des Arc. L • Arkansas, will practice in the courts of Prairie, White, Monroe. Arkansas, St. Fran cis. Jackson, and Independence counties. All business intrusted to his care shall tneet with prompt attention. Oefice on Lyon street. [jun8-tf T E. GATEWOOD, Attorney at ,J , Law, Des Arc, Prairie county, Arkansas. Wi’ll practice in the counties of Prairie. Ar kansas, Monroe, St. Francis. Jackson, White, Conwav, and Pope. Will investigate Land Titles,' and act as General Land Agent. Prompt attention given to all business entrust ed to him. Office—First door up stairs, one door East of John Jackson & Co.’s, Store. febl3-tf. _ SAMUEL W. WILLIAMS, Attor ney at Law, Little Rock, Arkansas. Office on Markham street. [mar~l _ 3. L. IIOLLOWF.LL. •••• ..W. D. JACOWAY. HOLLOWELL & JACOWAY, At torneys at Law, Dardanelle, Arkansas. Will practice in the counties of Yell. Perry, ii..i... u; n and Pone. je26-tf _ "w. ETriAtJijSTbrir, GENERAL LAND AGENT (Q<D&&at 8®«1» BROWNSVILLE. PRAIRIE COUNTV, ARKANSAS. WILL locate Lands with Scrip or Land Warrants. Also—Collect debts and pay taxes, on reasonable teruu. Refer To-Payne & Unthank, and J. P. Parsons, Memphis; J. C. Morrill, Des Arc, 1 Ark.; Dr. B. F. Hall, Brownsville, Arkansas. ) janlS-ly- __ . itlOHG. ADAMS, CLOCK, WATCHMAKER JEWELER, (In rear of C. T. Petit’s Drug Store,) Augusta, Ai'kansas. RESPECTFULLY informs the citizens of the town and adjacent country that he has PERMANENTLY LOCATED IN AUGtJvTA, and i; ’ prepared to execute all kinds of Clock anc t | Watch Work, repair end Cleanse Jewelry, as 1 well as every other description of work usual ly dope in such establishments. '* /'Sf Musical Instruments of every descrip - tion repaired and put in good order. From £ his experience and me hanical knowledge, lit s feels confident of rendering satisfaction to hn | patrpns. __tebl6~tf S ann ACRES good up Laud 2* railei - from Des Arc, for sale on libera n ! terms. WILLIAMS & HORNE. I marchlS-tf. EDUCATIONAL. THE fourth session of the “Des trc Female Academy,” under the charge and direction of ASPS?' Miss BLACK, will be open for the iCMiJF reception of pupils on the First Monday, of February, 1800. Terms, per Session of Fivf. Months : Orthography and Reading.'••$10 00 Orthography, Reading, Writing and Primary Arithmetic. 12 00 The above with Primary Geography and Grammar .. 14 00 High Branches. 16 00 Instrumental Music. 25 00 Use of Instrument. 5 00 Pupils charged from time of entering, and no deduction for withdrawal or absence, except in cases of protracted sickness. Des Arc, Feb 1, 1860.-tf. © E © A K © Hale Academy. 1 THE fourth session of this School will open on Monday, the 16th inst., under the charge and direction of R. D. Perry, who hopes by strict attention to merit the patron age, not only of the Town, but surrounding country. Every attention will be paid to or der, and especially to the intellectual and moral culture of his pupils. All scholars considered regular from time of entrance, and no deduction for withdrawal or absence, or sickness of shorter duration than one week. TERMS PER SESSION OF FIVE MONTHS, OR TWENTY WEEKS. Orthography and Reading.$10 00 The same with Writing, Geography, Grammar and Arithmetic.. .12 00 The same with Analysis, Philosophy, Physiology. Algebra, Geometry, &c 14 00 Latin and Greek. 14 00 janll-tf. JOHN McNAMEE, T . 2 M Ij O It , Des Arc, Arkansas. SHOP ON BUENA VISTA STREET— opposite the “Nucleus House”—where he is prepared to execute all kinds of work in his line of business, in a neat and fashionable style. " July 27, 1859.—[tf] Private Entertainment, BY HENRY JACKSON, ..AT THE OLD STAND.. ONE MILE WEST OF DES ARC, ( On the Main Road to Fort Smith.) 1TAVING ereccted a large commodious Building, he is now better prepared, than even heretofore, to ac commodate the public with entertainment. (J3P His rates of charges are reasonable, and his Accommodations are inferior to none. (g^* He has excellent Stables, and necessary shelters for wagons, carriages, &c. juu29-ly Family Grocery. HENRY JACKSON, AT HIS “OLD STAND,” CORNER OF BUENA VISTA AND WOODRUFF STS., DES ARC, A R EL ., CiOIN L m U Eb to keep constantly on nana a V full assortment of Family Groceries, which he offers For sale at moderate prices, and on reasonable terms. ffcgT Tile highest prices will be paid for Butter, Eggs, Poultry, and al! the productions of the farm and the garden. His Bar is supplied with the best of Liquors. Remember the “Old Stand,” which he has occupied during the past six years. junSi)-ly Family Grocery. J. W. WALLACE, Des Arc, Ark., TTEEPS constantly on hand a general assortment of FAMILY GROCERIES, which he offers for sale on reasonable terms. Also—All kinds of Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars, &c. The highest price, either in Cash or Groceries, paid for Butter. Eggs, Poultry, and all kinds of country produce. may4-tf BUGGY AND CARRIAGE aianufaoturor. Hickory Plain, Ark., Will make and repair Buggies —and Carriages, &c., to order. Or ders respectfully solicited. All orders will be readily attended to, allnew work warranted twelve months. I re turn my thanks to the public for past favors, and hope to receive a liberal patronage in the future. <»ov23-tf (Successor to Williams*. Blanton.) fiommission Receiving J — -A N D— Forwarding Merchant. Also, Agent for the Gen. Pike, Admiral, E. M. Ryland, Sam. Hale, Fortuue, Crescent and Iatan. HAVING purchased the entire interests of Williams & Blanton, will attend rER sonally to all business intrusted to his care, with promptness and dispatch. Also, a full supply of Groceries, Crockery, Hardware, Dry Goods and Medicines, which we will dispose of at the lowest cash prices IIOTEIj. THE subscriber also begs leave to inform tbe traveling public, that he will use his best endeavors to accommodate all who favor him with a call. A. HOYLE, Devalue Bluff, nov30-tf. Arkansas. LIYERY STABLE. J. ffl. ROBINSON, DES ABC, ARK , M-S-A S , lS PREPARED to accommo-lhjrv ■jJL/£L date the public with O- c-*■ i Horses, Buggies, Carriages, &c. (jy Persons arriving at Des Arc by stearn I boats, will be promptly conveyed to any point i in the interior. [jull3-lyj I-JoTT DAN B O.D K M E R, SHAVING, HAIR-CUTTING, HAIR-DRESSING SALOON -ALSO — SHAMPOOING AND HAID-DYING BUENA VISTA Street, south-side, twr doors east of G. Ac J. McLaren-*, Dei j Are, Arkansas. janU-tf. For tlie Des Arc Citizen.] J. W. MOORE AND REVISION. Mr. Moore’s fourth objection to the Revision is, “ Because the revision they propose to give is likely to be, in every respect inferior to the one we now have.” How, Mr. Moore, did you discover this? Have you n^ingle book issued by the Bi ble Revision? Or do you depend on second-hand scraps for tbe basis of your objection? Grant there are .some excep tionable renderings, does this fact, (it it be one) sustain your declaration that it will likely be, inferior “ in every respect" to the version i.n use, or, is Mr. M. as his manner is, speaking at random? The revision from which you quote, are ns you know nol final. You know that the Union has never endorsed them as ac curate “ in every respect.” They are sent out for criticism—criticism is invi ted—and if you, Sir, object to any render ing or construction, of the incipient re visions, write it out—give the grounds of objection, collate your authorities—send it to the Officers of the Union, and it will be courteously received, and whatever weight it may deserve will be accorded. This does nol suit you? No Sir, the ig noble work of dragging from oblivion effete slanders, and hurling them at those who would do a noble thing, becomes you better—your own actions bearing witness. You ridicule the lectures of men you never heard, and oracularly con demn revisions you never read. A vain attempt at wit is made over the occurrence of the rendering “ the under world” instead of “hell" Job 11:8. But this like all that Mr. M. has written is remarkable only because of Its entire pointlessness. The reader would sup pose that such a rendering was a thing unheard of, a modern novelty. Hell, in its current import, means a place of tor ment, the abode of damned spirits ; but the passage does not necessarily mean this—nor does the original word. The Hebrew word rendered hi the place cited, “under-world,” is, “ Weol," which lias fnr its Greek renresentative. the word “hades”—so in the LXX. Gesenius in his Hebrew Lexicon, defines Sheol, “ the umler-world, a subterranean place, in which are congregated the shades of the dead.” So Gesenius, but the learned Hebraish, J. W. Moore, ridicules such u meaning of the orignal term, as a mod ern invention. Dr. Robinson, says: “The Hebrew Sheol signified the under-uiorld and was held to be a vast subterranean place, full of thickest darkness, \tfbere dwelt the shades of the dead ; but no dis tinction of place is indicated in the Sheol of the O. T. between the righteous and. the wicked.” The Dr. refers to Job 11:8, the verse in question, as a case in point. I wish to call the reader’s attention to the italicized portion of the above, since Mr. Moore, claims that the original wQrd means the abode of the decretatly “damcred from all eternity'’—and grows rapturous and hugely sarcastic, about “dust” and “cobwebs” and “obsoletisms.” Mr. M. sneers because he can do no better, but what importance should be attached to his gibes, while great scholars and critics, bear witness against his feeble criticisms, as both Gesenius and Robinson do. Mr. Moore is still more unfortunate in his reference to the revised version of Rev. 6:6. The new version is vastly su perior, to the old, the witty exclamations: “How plain! How intelligible to the common reader!” of Mr. M. to the con trary notwithstanding. The common ver sion reads: “A measure of wheat for a penny and three measures of barley for a penny.” Now, though the words are familiar, what does the passage mean? Has it any meaning? How much is .a “ measure ? ” Is it a gill or hogshead, or neither? Does the passage mean a thousand bushels for a penny or a pint, or, what? The passage does not determine and for aught the English reader knows, it may be one or the other of the above " measures.” “ How plain ! ! ” The translation as it stands is utterly meaning i n... i..L i ~ ...-1 ICCOi UUl »* jsvwvwwy . The translators used it either in a specific or in a general sense,and since, the value of the English penny is specifically differ ent from that of the denarius, they must have used it in a general sense, that is, to represent an indefinite quantity of money. So the passage as it stands, presents to the reader ibis wonderfully lucid state ment: *• Jin indefinite quantity of wheat for an indefinite quantity of money and three indefinite quantities of barley Jor an indefinite quantity of money." “ How plain !!! ” I will now prove the indefin i ten ess of the word measure and show at the same time, how J ones’ “prodigies of scholarship” trifled with the meaning of the original text. In Luke 16:6, we read: " And he said, an hundred measures of oil.” Here, the word “ measure ” rep resents the Greek word. “ batos," a liquid measure, containing 8| gallons. In the next verse, the 7th, we have; “ And how much owest thou ? And he said, an hun dred measures of wheat.” In this verse, “ measure ” represents, the “ koros,” which contains 88i gallons; that is, “measure," in verse seven, indicaies jusl ten times as much as it did in verse six. In Rev. 6:6, it is the representative of the “ choenix,” which is, in value about ont quart. So the word “ measure,” mean: a quart, eight gallons or eighty gallons— just as you please. And now, rfpray wbat does. “ A measure of wheat for e penny,” mean—how much wheat Jor hou much money! No man can determint without an appeal to the Greek, with the present version. The Reviser recoin ' mends the word choenix, with the explan' antion in the margin, thus, “ A choeni: is about one quart; a denarius, abou _- - -- fitteen cents. ror ims, following criticism on this verse by Dr. Geo. Campbell. “It is evidently the intention of the writer to inform us of the rate of this necessary article, as a charac teristic of the lime whereof he is speak ing. But our version not only gives no information on that head, but lias not even the appearnnce of giving any, which the word chnenix would have had, even to those who did not understand it. But to say a measure, without giving what measure, is to say just nothing at all. The word penny here is also exceptiona ble, being used indefinitely, insomuch that the amount of the declaration is, a certain quantity of wheat for a certain quantity of money. This suggests no idea of either dearth or plenty; n'rid can be characteristical of no time, as it holds equally of every time. In this case, the original term, notwithstanding its harsh ness, ought to be retained in the text, and explained in the margin.” So speaks a justly distinguished scholar and critic; and over against the crude and shallow scribblings of J. W. Moore, we put the authority quoted, viz: that of George Campbell. I shall now present some authorities, adverse to Mr. M.’s declara tion, that the common version: “ Is all that we need desire." Of Selden, whose praises of the King’s version have been so often and so vauntingly heralded forth, it is said; “when sitting with the West minister Assembly of Divines, some times when they had cited a text of Scripture to prove their assertions, Selden would tell them, perhaps ill your little pocket Bibles with gilt leaves ( which they would often pull out and read,) the trans lation may be thus; but the Greek and Hebrew signify thus and thus and so would totally silence them." Dr. Mac knigiit, says, of Rom. 1:17, that the common version, “is absolutely unintelli ble ; ” and that 2 Cor. 5:2, is, “ a jumble of metaphors, which no ordinary reader can understand.” These are the words of a man who doubtless, would not have “sloped.” to use the Parsons classicism, from a Greek Testament. Noiwithstand ir.n- n fnmnptent witness declares that the common version contains passages “ ab solutely unintelligible,” J. W. Moore, says, that it is, “ all that we need desire.” The common version, being confessed ly unfaithful, the inevitable conclusion, Moore’s declaration being true, is, that a faithful version is not desirable, that is, a part of the truth is more desirable than the whole truth, or in other words, the whole truth we “ need not desire”—it is undesirable. Be it, therefore, known to all men, that Parson J. W. Moore de clares and affirms, that a faithful version of the sacred Scriptures is not desirable, but that an unfaithful version is “ all that we need desire.” Dr. Macknight, also testifies that our version: “ Is by no means such a just representation of the inspired originals as merits to be implicit ly relied on, for determining the contro verted article's of the Christian faith and quieting the dissensions which have rent the church." I submit to the reader, whether more importance and weight should be given to the crude sophisms of Parson Moore, than to the thoughtful and careful decision of a man of acknowl edged ability and scholarship? It is often triumphantly affirmed by the enemies of revision, that no Christian doctrine is af fected by the mistranslations of the com mon version, if this is true, why does Dr. Macknight say that the version “ is not to be implicitly relied on, for determining controverted articles of the Christian faith?” The reason Macknight gives, is, that they do not merit to be implicitly relied on. To say that this oft repeated assertion, betrays gross “ignorance,” not to say “ sectarianism” (which according to M. are the Jachin and Boaz of the Revision temple) is to speak mildly. Mr. Moore may vauntingly and immodestly put for ward his Hebraistic and Greek scholar ship—but the public will still demand something more than his unsupported as sertions in reference to the point at issue. Great men have lived since Agamemnon —and doubtless some future chronicler will write of great linguists long after Mr. Moore’s departure “ tolhe pale realms of sh ide.” In Acts 2:47, we have a reading whol ly indefensible (will Mr. M. defend it?) and involving a palpable perversion of i Lm onnaa nf 11 Aei/tri no I * * A ml I 11 Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.’’ Luke simply designed to stale a fad that “the saved” were added. The translators by foisting in the words “ such as should be," have caused the passage to express a purpose, not simply to state a fact. That they have perverted the original we challenge denial, why they did it we leave unsolved. But this downright tampering with the mean ing of the Sacred Word—is not a matter “of serious import!!” Matthew 2:16 slates that Herod “ Sent forth and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem;” in this instance our Translators become perverters of historical truth. Why did Herod kill the females, when it was a King he feared ? The original does not state that he killed “all the children,” but all the male children. Cannot any one see how palpable is this perversion of his toric truth? If he killed only the male children, then, it is not true, that he killed “ all.” The translation “ is ridiculous, absurd and untrue.” “ It is untrue that there are any mistranslations in dufveF sion of serious import,” whence it follows, that to misstate facts according to Parson Moore’s code of ethics is not “ of serious import,” and that the version containing such is “ all that we need desire.” The above renderings, to borrow some elegant ; expressions, are, “ miserable caricature: ana pmauie uuuus. * paper with the words of R. C. French, D. D. Dean of Westminister. “1 am PERSUADED THAT A REVISION OUGHT TO come; I am convinced that it will come." revisionist. Interesting Letters. [From the Charleston Mercury. .Mr. Editor: Some letters and extracts from letters lately appeared in your pa per, the object of which was the illustra tion, in part, of the opinions of certain prominent men on the present Constitu tion, at the time of its incipienoy. Be pleased to publish these hereunto an nexed : EXTRACT or A LETTER FROM WASHING TON TO MAUISON. 31st March, ’87.—I am glad to find that Congress has recommended to the States to appear in convention. It is idle, in uiy opin ion, to suppose that Congress can be insensi ble to the inadequacy of the powers under which they at present act, and that, seeing it, they should not recommend a revision of the federal system; especially when it isi consid ered by many as the only constitutional mode by which defects can he remedied. * * * I am fully of opinion that those who lean to a monarchial form have either not consulted tlie public mind, or that they live in a region which (the leveling principles in which they were bred being entirely eradicated) is more productive of monarchial ideas than is the case in the Southern States, where from the Hmutual distinctions which have ulwaya existed amoiig the people, one would have ex pected the first generation and most rapid growth of them. 1 am also clear that, admit ting the utility, nay, the necessitv of the monarchial form, the period is not yet arrived for adopting the change without shaking the peace of this country to its foundation. That a thorough reform of (lie present system Is in dispensable, no one of any judgmentcan deny 5 aim with hand and heart l hope the business will he essayed in full convention. * * • After this es say is made, if the system prove insufficient, then, and not till then, in my opinion, can it (the monarchial) be attempted without civil discord. I confess, however, that my opinion of public virtue is so far changed, that i have mv doubts whether any system will onforce obedience to the sovereign without the means of coercion, etc, -— —-■«. The said Convention tnut in May, und adjourned on the 17th September succeed ing, having framed the present Conslitu IIUUI WASHINGTON TO LAFAYETTE. September 18, ’87.—In the midst of hurry, and in the moment of my departure from this city, (Philadelphia) I address this letter to you. The principal indeed, the only design ol it, is to fulfil the promise I made, that I would send you the proceedings of the Convention, as soon as the business was closed. More than this, circumstanced as I am at present, it is not in my power to do; nor am I inclined to attempt it, as the enclosure must speak for itself. It is the result of four months deliber ation, and it is now a child of fortune, to be fostered by some and buffeted by other*. What will be the general opinion on the re ception of it, is not for me to decide; nor shall 1 say anything for or against it. If it be good, I suppose it will work its way j if bad, it will recoil on its framers. My best wishes, etc. WASHINGTON TO PATRICK HENRY. Mr. Vehnon, 24lh September, ’87.—In the first moment after my return I take the liberty of sending you a copy of the Constitution which has just been submitted to the people of these States. I accompany it with no ob servations, Your own judgment will at once discover the good and the exceptionable parts of it; and your experience of the difficulties which have ever arisen when attempts have been made to reconcile such a variety of in terests as pervade the several States, wijl ren der explanation unnecessary. I wish the Constitution which is offered had been more perfect, but I sincerely believe it to be the best that could be obtained at this time, etc. * • * if nothing had been agreed on by the Convention, anarchy would soon have en sued, the seeds being deeply town in every soil. I am, etc. A copy of the ubove letter was sent tc Thomas Nelson and Benj Harrison. From Nelson no reply appears. From Henry the following is the reply: I have to lament that I cannot bring my mind to accord with the proposed Constitu tion. The concern I feel on this account is really greater than I can express. Perhaps mature reflection may furnish me with rea sons to change my present sentiments into i conformity with the opinions of those person ages, for whom I have the highest reverence from Harrison’s reply. T >n<.oolf Hnorvlir t nt o r Putorl in VPtfVt.h illE that you have a bifid in or that comes froir you; and am so well assured of the soliditj of your judgment and rectitude of your inten tions, that 1 never stick at trifles to conform myself to your opinion. In the present in stance 1 am so totally uninformed as to the general situation of America, that I can form no judgment of the necessity the Convention was under to give us such a Constitution as il has done. If our condition is not very des perate, I fear that the remedy may provi worse than the disease. Age makes men oftei over-cautious. I am willing to attribute m) fears to that cause ; but from whatever eausi they spring, I cannot divest myself of ai opinion that the seeds of civil discord ar< plentifully sown in very many of the power: given both to the President and the Congress and that, if the Constitution is carried inti effect, the States south of the Potomac will hi little more than appendages to those north ward of it, etc. WASHINGTON TO LAFAYETTE. Mr. Ve.hnon, 18th June. >88.—The Conyen lion of this State; to which the new Constitu tion has been submitted for ratification, lia: been sitting almost three weeks; and so bal anced is it, that each side asserts it has a pre ponderance of votes. I am inclined to believi it will be in favor of the adoption. New Hainp-bire. it is thought, will adopt it with out much hesitation. It is a little that the men of la’fge property in the Nortl should be more afraid that the Constituted will produce an aristocracy or a monarchy than the genuine deiuocratieal people of tb East. The accession of one State more wil complete the number sufficient, in the first in stance, to carry the government into etiecl -And then 1 expect many blessings to he al tributed to our new government which ar taking their rise from that industry and fn gafity into which the people have been force from necessity. 1 really believe that the* never was so much labor and economy to t found before in the country as at the prcsei moment. If they persist in the good hab A they are acquiring, the good effects will soo be distinguishable. When the people sua ernment, when foreign nation* shall be dis posed to give us equal advantages In commerce from dread of retaliation, etc., then all the blessings will be referred to the influence of the new government, whereas many causes will have conspired t# pioduce them. FBOM HENRY LEE (OF THE LEGION) TO GEN. WASHINGTON. September 13. 1788.—Much will depend on the part which the Assembly of Virginia may adopt in this business, and from the com plexion of that body little is to be hoped. They appear to be generally opposed to the new Constitution, and Mr. P. Henry, with many of the coadjutors of the (ratifying) Convention, are members, also, of the present Legislature. Madison will not be there j.nor is there in the Assembly a friend to the new government of comparative ability. If would be fortunate If that gentleman could be brought into the Assembly. The next two letters are not politic* exactly; the first is precatory and the second is pleasant. Its solemn etyle and homely subject form an agreeable con trast in the latter. Indeed, could on* imagine his Excellency descending to * jest, it might be supposed almost he was quizzing the Count—yet, perhaps, to some idiosyocracies the bond jide aene* may render a more exquisite eavor than the bona jide theory. Washington to Madison, Junk 12, 1788.—Can nothing be done in our Assembly fur poor Thomas Paine? Must the merits of “common sense” continue unreward ed I His writings certainly have had a power ful effect upon the public mind. Ought they not then to meet an adequate return? He is poor, ami almost in despair. His views «re moderate, and a decent independence is, I be lieve, all that he aims at. Ought he to be disappointed in this? For me,it only remains to feel for his situation, and to assure you, etc. Nevertheless, Virginia gave Mr. Torn Paine the go-by, just as she served tbe anti-slavery petitions so strongly endorsed also by the Pater Patrim. He went to France, and was there deputed by Lafay ette to carry the key of tbe Bastila to Washington, which key uow bangs under the roof of Mount Vernon. The King of Spnin had sent Washing ton two Spanish jacks, and the reply ia as follows: G. WASHINGTON TO THE COURT UE FLORI DA BLANCA. 18 December, ’85—Sir: My homage ledus to his Catholic Majesty for the honor of this present. The value of it is intrinsically great, hut Is rendered inestimable by the manner antr the hand it is derived from. Let me entreat you, therefore, sir, to lay Detore tne King my thanks for the jackasses with which he be* been graciously pleased to compliment mtt and to assure his Majesty of my unbounded gratitude for this instance of bis royal notle# and favor. That long life, perfect health, and unfading glory may attend his Majesty’s reign, is my fervent wish. With great re spect and consideration, I have, etc. Pone Tigellinuin—taeda lucabis. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. —‘If there is anybody under the canis ter of heaven that 1 have iu utter excrescence/ said Mrs Partington, ‘it is the slanderer,, going about like a boy constructor, circula ting his calomel among honest folks.’ -It is a singular fact that a woman can not look from a precipice of any height, with out becoming instantly dizzy. But what ia still more singular, the dizziness departs that very moment somebody puts his arm around her waist to keep her from falling. --A man passing through a gateway in the dark, hit his nose against the post. “I wish that post was in h—II,” said he. “Bet ter wish it was eomewhore else,” said a bystander ‘-you might rur. against it again.” ——Childhood is like a mirror, catching and reflecting images all around it. An impious thought uttered by a parent’s Up, may operate upon a young heart like a careless spray of water thrown iipou poliehed steel, staining it with rust, which no after scouring van efface. A Partington.—The old lady told a friend the other day in strict confidence, that a young man of her acquaintance had committed Infanticide, by blowing his brains up, in & state of delirium tremendous, and that th* Coroner was holding a conquest over hi* remains. -'An old gentleman had three daughter*, all of whom were marriageable. A young fellow went a wooing the youngeat, and fi nally got her consent to take him “ for or for worse.” Upon application to th* ol4 gentleman for his consent, he flow into a vio lent rage, declaring that no man should “ pick his daughters in that way,” and if he wjsbed to get into his family he might marry the oldest, or leave the house forthwith. Young Womanhood.—The sweet moon on the horizon’s verge } a thought matured, but not uttered 5 a conception warm and glowing, yet not embodied ; the rich halo wjlicb pre cedes the rising sun ; the rosy down that speaks the ripening peach ; a flower which is not quite a flower, yet is no longer a bud. ..—“Well you’ve been out to look at Texas j did you see anything of our old friend there?” “Yes—gone deranged.” “Gone de ranged! Really crazy—what does he do?” <■ Yes, iudeed ; he don’t know his neighbors’ hogs from his own.” ,171, .., ii.„ uto M. M. Noah, who was a Jew, was a candidate for the office of Sheriff ' of the city of New York, it was objected to his : election, that a Jew would thus come to have the hanging of Christians. “ Pretty Chris tians,” repiled Noah, “to need hanging?” _Truth is naturally so acceptable to man—so charming in itself—that to make falsehood well received, we are compelled to dress it up in the snowy garb of truth, as, in passing base coin, it must have the impress of genuine ere it will pass current. -“Give me liberty, or give me death!’’ex claimed a lager-beer politician while making a speech. A temperance man, pointing to * black rum-bottle ju the bar, said;—• sou ve 1 got liberty, and yonder is death, it you wank ' it.” j A Little Neglect. — An ejcr,erj .-need j mother, who who had brought v.j, * large family of chilnreu with eminent success, was once asked by a younger one WT at 8he would 1 recommend in the cue of some children who were too anxiously educated . an(j her reply was, “I think, my dear, a mtle wholesome j neglect.” e --a conversation occurred between a e couusellor-st-law and a client. “1 want you t to defend me. Wf lt d0 you charge.”’— • —Twenty dollars, if furnish the witnesses, „ and forty if l fmo' sh' them.'’ Client promised I J to take int, ,-our 4jefatior. and report next Jay.