^———■■—urawwiL 'i r i-n*iyyyn;;; Z.1TtT',ri . C~ *'_J?5. '"“.I" " "* “ ' ' *!L,H“59
I PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. AT DES ARC, PRAIRIE COUNTY. ARKANSAS. BY J. C. MORRILL. TERMS-^ PERJM1^^ A|IVA1Y^
volume||1 's _ * *' . " '“ ""
THE DES ARC CITIZEN.
TERMS —*9 PER ANNUM,
PAYABLE TN ADVANCE.
FIFTY NUMBERS MAKING A VOLUME.
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Rates ok Advertising.—One square (10
•lines of this size type) for one insertion, $1;
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Advertisers by the year will be res
tricted to their legitimate business.
l!gp"Advertisemeuts displayed by large type,
or in double columns, charged double the above
m" Personal communications charged dou
ble the rates of regular advertisements.
(jgf Legal advertisements will be charged,
for one square or less, first insertion $1, and
50 cents per square for each additional inser
g^p* Announcing candidates for State and
District offices, $7; County offices, $5; Town
ship, offices $3, invariably in advance.
Calls on persons to become candidates
are charged at the usual rates, except when
peisons making the calls are subscribers to
our paper. Payment in advance.
ggrPolitical circulars charged as adver
Auvciwscuicmo ni/i, ~ “r~
cj,hed time, will be inserted till forbidden, and
! charged for accordingly.
(j^-All advertising to be paid for quarterly.
OUR JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT.
Wk have supplied ourselves with a good
assortment of Printing Material, and are
| ready to execute all kinds of Job Printing, on
We are prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata
logues, Posters, large or small, Cards, Ball
Tickets, Bill Heads, Blanks of every descrip
i lion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the
i Peace, Constables, &c.
g DRUGGIST, g
ALSO, DEALER IN
r t v* x tin’iruH &c.,
Lane & Watts’ old stand, Buena Vista street,
Fine Wines, Brandies, &.C., for Me
dicinal purposes, always on hand.
(E3TPhysicians prescriptions are accurately
compounded of the best articles that can be
J. T. P A i; i I All,
earpenter and joiner,
- - '^Tjmrrr ' "3
Respectfully informs the citizens of
Des Arc and vicinity, that he is prepared
\o execute all work intrusted to his care, with
neatness and dispatch.
PLANS AND DESIGNS OF BUILDINGS
Furnished to order, free of charge where he
has tile contract for the same.
From his experience, both as an archi
tect and contractor, he flatters himself that he
can render entire satisfaction. jim29-tf
CARPENTER AND JOINER,
HAVING permangntlylocated at Des Arc,
Arkansas, is prepared to execute all
Work in HIS tine of Riisinesa,
id a saiisrucLui v uuumci. ... ' - i
rience, he feels confident that those who favor
him with contracts will have no cause to re
ORDERS FROM THE COUNTRY,
Left at (J. W. Vahen’s Store, will meet
with prompt attention. jun20-ly
j s 1VIH HSOY.
-A N D
Harness .Hann fact tire r,
DES ARC, ARKANSAS.
RESPECTFULLY informs I**.-—
the citizens of Prairie and
adjacent counties, that he has on hand,
and is prepared to manufacture to oidei,
Saddles, Bridles, Martingales, Buggy
Carriage and Hack Harness,
I As well as every other description of won<
Usually done in such establishments.
ftS” Shop on Lyon street, back of i nth «
Jackson’s store. jan.?l-l\
Wagon and Buggy Making.
DES ARC, ARKANSAS,
mHANKFUL to the
m ^ywar [ people for their past fa-|( l
[ <aBE"..-gSSI vors.respectfullv announces > 0
■ ihat he has opened a shop at T. \ . Lee’s ol<
I stand, on Park street, where he is prepared t
■ do all kinds of worn in the above line.
■ |^*Blaclcsinithing, wagon and buggy build
I ing, wheelbarrows, repairing. &c., done 01
■ shor notice.
Horse-shoeing done promptly,
feb 18-tf __
fTlepti e n ,
Bukna Vista Stheei
i Opposite A. Stewart •
DES ARC. ARK
' RESPECTFULLY ir
■ f forms the citizens <
l Des Arc and the adjacent country, that he ht
a new and select stock of
CLOCKS AND JEWELRY.
i He is, as usual, prepared to •'xecutv all kinc
! of CLOCK and WATCH Work, in a wort
[ manlike manner, and to Repair and Clea
J. J. LAKE.W. H. CHAMBERS.
Drs. LANE & CHAMBERS
HAVING formed a partnership in the
practice of their profession, tender their
services to the citizens of Des Arc and adja
cent country. Prom their eVperiente they
hope to share at least a portion of the patron
age of the public.
Office on Buena Vista street, at Bals
ly a Drug Store. feblitf
DR. N. L. RAGLAND, having located at
the residence of R. B. Trezevant,
(formerly B. II. Allens place.) 2} miles from
Wattensaw Landing, offers his professional
services to the public.
(i^’ Particular attention given to deseases
of women and children. jan 1-ly.
DR. S. CHENIVA from Louisiana, res
pectfully notifies the inhabitants of Dos
Arc and the surrounding country, that he has
established himself permanently at this place
for the practice of his profession, and as a
speciality, those branches of it pertaining to
women and children’s maladies.
Dr. Cheniva has a right to hope, after a
successful peactice of fourteen years in Louis
sana—and nine years of which was in the
city of New Orleans, that he may also deserve
the confidence of a generous and enlightened
public, in this State.
N.’ 8. Syphilitic diseases in all their stages
are radically cured according to a modern and
Office—at Dr. J. J. Lane’s old stand.
1AR J. C GOODWIN, determined to
remain permanently in Des A%, will
continue to treat diseases, both Acute and
Chronir in accordance with the, most approv
ed principles of Scientific and Demonstrative
(gy Thankful for the liberal patronage he
has heretofore enjoyed, respectfully solicits
(fy Office at D. P. Black & Co’s.. Drug
DR. J. L. NEEL, having permanent
ly located in Des Arc, Arkansas, offers
his professional services to the citizens of
the town and vicinity. Office over Washer,
Vaughan & Co’s Store. [mar 11-ly.
DR. T. SANDERS, Resident Physi
cian, Des Arc, Arkansas. (Jgp“ Office
it„ann vi«tn street. Residence on Wood
ruff street. :
nit. w . f. Welsh’ having located at
\) Des Arc, offers his Professional Ser
vices to the public, Calls promptly at
tended to. may29,1858-1y”
L. I). TURNER..WM. T. JONES.
TPURNER & JONES, Attorneys at
-*• Law. Brownsville, Arkansas. Will at
tend promptly to all business entrusted to
them. . jan4-tf.
rr ft. LAWRENCE, Attorney at
* Law, Des Arc, Arkansas. Special at
tention given to collecting. jan4-tf.
O H. HEMPSTEAD, Attorney at Law,
O. Little Rock, Arkansas. Office on Mark
ham street. janll-tf.
R. S. GANTT. w.j. bronaugh
Gantt & bronaugh, attorneys
‘ at Law, Brownsville, Arkansas. Will
attend promptly to any business confided to
JACOB T MORRILL, Attorney at
Law, Notary Public, and Justice of
the Peace, Clarington, (Sunfisli.) Monroe
County, Ohio. [jul27-tf.
J. E. GATEWOOD. ... A. MOON.
r\ ATE WOOD & MOON, Land
IT Agents and Real Estate Brokers,
Des Arc, Arkansas. Will attend to payment
of taxes, locating Government, Swamp or Mil
itary lands. Blanks of every description al
ways on hand. i aug3-tf.
rp B. KENT, Attorney at Law, Des Arc.
L • Arkansas, will practice in the courts of
Prairie, White, Monroe. Arkansas, St. Fran
cis. Jackson, and Independence counties. All
business intrusted to his care shall tneet with
prompt attention. Oefice on Lyon
T E. GATEWOOD, Attorney at
,J , Law, Des Arc, Prairie county, Arkansas.
Wi’ll practice in the counties of Prairie. Ar
kansas, Monroe, St. Francis. Jackson, White,
Conwav, and Pope. Will investigate Land
Titles,' and act as General Land Agent.
Prompt attention given to all business entrust
ed to him.
Office—First door up stairs, one door
East of John Jackson & Co.’s, Store.
SAMUEL W. WILLIAMS, Attor
ney at Law, Little Rock, Arkansas.
Office on Markham street. [mar~l _
3. L. IIOLLOWF.LL. •••• ..W. D. JACOWAY.
HOLLOWELL & JACOWAY, At
torneys at Law, Dardanelle, Arkansas.
Will practice in the counties of Yell. Perry,
ii..i... u; n and Pone.
BROWNSVILLE. PRAIRIE COUNTV, ARKANSAS.
WILL locate Lands with Scrip or Land
Warrants. Also—Collect debts and
pay taxes, on reasonable teruu.
Refer To-Payne & Unthank, and J. P.
Parsons, Memphis; J. C. Morrill, Des Arc,
1 Ark.; Dr. B. F. Hall, Brownsville, Arkansas.
) janlS-ly- __
. itlOHG. ADAMS,
(In rear of C. T. Petit’s Drug Store,)
RESPECTFULLY informs the citizens of
the town and adjacent country that he has
PERMANENTLY LOCATED IN AUGtJvTA, and i;
’ prepared to execute all kinds of Clock anc
t | Watch Work, repair end Cleanse Jewelry, as
1 well as every other description of work usual
ly dope in such establishments.
'* /'Sf Musical Instruments of every descrip
- tion repaired and put in good order. From
£ his experience and me hanical knowledge, lit
s feels confident of rendering satisfaction to hn
| patrpns. __tebl6~tf
S ann ACRES good up Laud 2* railei
- from Des Arc, for sale on libera
n ! terms. WILLIAMS & HORNE.
THE fourth session of the “Des
trc Female Academy,”
under the charge and direction of
ASPS?' Miss BLACK, will be open for the
iCMiJF reception of pupils on the First
Monday, of February, 1800.
Terms, per Session of Fivf. Months :
Orthography and Reading.'••$10 00
Orthography, Reading, Writing and
Primary Arithmetic. 12 00
The above with Primary Geography and
Grammar .. 14 00
High Branches. 16 00
Instrumental Music. 25 00
Use of Instrument. 5 00
Pupils charged from time of entering,
and no deduction for withdrawal or absence,
except in cases of protracted sickness.
Des Arc, Feb 1, 1860.-tf.
© E © A K ©
THE fourth session of this School will open
on Monday, the 16th inst., under the
charge and direction of R. D. Perry, who
hopes by strict attention to merit the patron
age, not only of the Town, but surrounding
country. Every attention will be paid to or
der, and especially to the intellectual and
moral culture of his pupils. All scholars
considered regular from time of entrance, and
no deduction for withdrawal or absence, or
sickness of shorter duration than one week.
TERMS PER SESSION OF FIVE MONTHS, OR
Orthography and Reading.$10 00
The same with Writing, Geography,
Grammar and Arithmetic.. .12 00
The same with Analysis, Philosophy,
Physiology. Algebra, Geometry, &c 14 00
Latin and Greek. 14 00
T . 2 M Ij O It ,
Des Arc, Arkansas.
SHOP ON BUENA VISTA STREET—
opposite the “Nucleus House”—where he
is prepared to execute all kinds of work in
his line of business, in a neat and fashionable
" July 27, 1859.—[tf]
BY HENRY JACKSON,
..AT THE OLD STAND..
ONE MILE WEST OF DES ARC,
( On the Main Road to Fort Smith.)
1TAVING ereccted a large
commodious Building, he is now
better prepared, than even heretofore, to ac
commodate the public with entertainment.
(J3P His rates of charges are reasonable,
and his Accommodations are inferior to none.
(g^* He has excellent Stables, and necessary
shelters for wagons, carriages, &c.
AT HIS “OLD STAND,”
CORNER OF BUENA VISTA AND WOODRUFF STS.,
DES ARC, A R EL .,
CiOIN L m U Eb to keep constantly on nana a
V full assortment of
which he offers For sale at moderate prices,
and on reasonable terms.
ffcgT Tile highest prices will be paid for
Butter, Eggs, Poultry, and al! the productions
of the farm and the garden.
His Bar is supplied with the best of
Remember the “Old Stand,” which
he has occupied during the past six years.
J. W. WALLACE,
Des Arc, Ark.,
TTEEPS constantly on hand a general
assortment of FAMILY GROCERIES,
which he offers for sale on reasonable terms.
Also—All kinds of Wines, Liquors,
Tobacco, Cigars, &c.
The highest price, either in Cash or
Groceries, paid for Butter. Eggs, Poultry, and
all kinds of country produce. may4-tf
BUGGY AND CARRIAGE
Hickory Plain, Ark.,
Will make and repair Buggies
—and Carriages, &c., to order. Or
ders respectfully solicited.
All orders will be readily attended to,
allnew work warranted twelve months. I re
turn my thanks to the public for past favors,
and hope to receive a liberal patronage in the
(Successor to Williams*. Blanton.)
-A N D—
Also, Agent for the Gen. Pike, Admiral,
E. M. Ryland, Sam. Hale, Fortuue,
Crescent and Iatan.
HAVING purchased the entire interests
of Williams & Blanton, will attend rER
sonally to all business intrusted to his care,
with promptness and dispatch.
Also, a full supply of Groceries, Crockery,
Hardware, Dry Goods and Medicines, which
we will dispose of at the lowest cash prices
THE subscriber also begs leave to inform
tbe traveling public, that he will use his
best endeavors to accommodate all who favor
him with a call.
A. HOYLE, Devalue Bluff,
J. ffl. ROBINSON,
DES ABC, ARK , M-S-A S ,
lS PREPARED to accommo-lhjrv
■jJL/£L date the public with O- c-*■
i Horses, Buggies, Carriages, &c.
(jy Persons arriving at Des Arc by stearn
I boats, will be promptly conveyed to any point
i in the interior. [jull3-lyj
I-JoTT DAN B O.D K M E R,
SHAMPOOING AND HAID-DYING
BUENA VISTA Street, south-side, twr
doors east of G. Ac J. McLaren-*, Dei
j Are, Arkansas. janU-tf.
For tlie Des Arc Citizen.]
J. W. MOORE AND REVISION.
Mr. Moore’s fourth objection to the
Revision is, “ Because the revision they
propose to give is likely to be, in every
respect inferior to the one we now have.”
How, Mr. Moore, did you discover this?
Have you n^ingle book issued by the Bi
ble Revision? Or do you depend on
second-hand scraps for tbe basis of your
objection? Grant there are .some excep
tionable renderings, does this fact, (it it
be one) sustain your declaration that it
will likely be, inferior “ in every respect"
to the version i.n use, or, is Mr. M. as
his manner is, speaking at random? The
revision from which you quote, are ns
you know nol final. You know that the
Union has never endorsed them as ac
curate “ in every respect.” They are
sent out for criticism—criticism is invi
ted—and if you, Sir, object to any render
ing or construction, of the incipient re
visions, write it out—give the grounds of
objection, collate your authorities—send
it to the Officers of the Union, and it will
be courteously received, and whatever
weight it may deserve will be accorded.
This does nol suit you? No Sir, the ig
noble work of dragging from oblivion
effete slanders, and hurling them at those
who would do a noble thing, becomes
you better—your own actions bearing
witness. You ridicule the lectures of
men you never heard, and oracularly con
demn revisions you never read.
A vain attempt at wit is made over the
occurrence of the rendering “ the under
world” instead of “hell" Job 11:8. But
this like all that Mr. M. has written is
remarkable only because of Its entire
pointlessness. The reader would sup
pose that such a rendering was a thing
unheard of, a modern novelty. Hell, in
its current import, means a place of tor
ment, the abode of damned spirits ; but
the passage does not necessarily mean
this—nor does the original word. The
Hebrew word rendered hi the place cited,
“under-world,” is, “ Weol," which lias
fnr its Greek renresentative. the word
“hades”—so in the LXX. Gesenius in
his Hebrew Lexicon, defines Sheol, “ the
umler-world, a subterranean place, in
which are congregated the shades of the
dead.” So Gesenius, but the learned
Hebraish, J. W. Moore, ridicules such u
meaning of the orignal term, as a mod
ern invention. Dr. Robinson, says: “The
Hebrew Sheol signified the under-uiorld
and was held to be a vast subterranean
place, full of thickest darkness, \tfbere
dwelt the shades of the dead ; but no dis
tinction of place is indicated in the Sheol
of the O. T. between the righteous and. the
wicked.” The Dr. refers to Job 11:8,
the verse in question, as a case in point.
I wish to call the reader’s attention to the
italicized portion of the above, since Mr.
Moore, claims that the original wQrd
means the abode of the decretatly “damcred
from all eternity'’—and grows rapturous
and hugely sarcastic, about “dust” and
“cobwebs” and “obsoletisms.” Mr. M.
sneers because he can do no better, but
what importance should be attached to his
gibes, while great scholars and critics,
bear witness against his feeble criticisms,
as both Gesenius and Robinson do.
Mr. Moore is still more unfortunate in
his reference to the revised version of
Rev. 6:6. The new version is vastly su
perior, to the old, the witty exclamations:
“How plain! How intelligible to the
common reader!” of Mr. M. to the con
trary notwithstanding. The common ver
sion reads: “A measure of wheat for
a penny and three measures of barley for
a penny.” Now, though the words are
familiar, what does the passage mean?
Has it any meaning? How much is .a
“ measure ? ” Is it a gill or hogshead, or
neither? Does the passage mean a
thousand bushels for a penny or a pint, or,
what? The passage does not determine
and for aught the English reader knows,
it may be one or the other of the above
" measures.” “ How plain ! ! ” The
translation as it stands is utterly meaning
i n... i..L i ~ ...-1
ICCOi UUl »* jsvwvwwy .
The translators used it either in a specific
or in a general sense,and since, the value
of the English penny is specifically differ
ent from that of the denarius, they must
have used it in a general sense, that is, to
represent an indefinite quantity of money.
So the passage as it stands, presents to
the reader ibis wonderfully lucid state
ment: *• Jin indefinite quantity of wheat
for an indefinite quantity of money and
three indefinite quantities of barley Jor an
indefinite quantity of money." “ How
plain !!! ” I will now prove the indefin
i ten ess of the word measure and show at
the same time, how J ones’ “prodigies of
scholarship” trifled with the meaning of
the original text. In Luke 16:6, we read:
" And he said, an hundred measures of
oil.” Here, the word “ measure ” rep
resents the Greek word. “ batos," a liquid
measure, containing 8| gallons. In the
next verse, the 7th, we have; “ And how
much owest thou ? And he said, an hun
dred measures of wheat.” In this verse,
“ measure ” represents, the “ koros,”
which contains 88i gallons; that is,
“measure," in verse seven, indicaies jusl
ten times as much as it did in verse six.
In Rev. 6:6, it is the representative of the
“ choenix,” which is, in value about ont
quart. So the word “ measure,” mean:
a quart, eight gallons or eighty gallons—
just as you please. And now, rfpray
wbat does. “ A measure of wheat for e
penny,” mean—how much wheat Jor hou
much money! No man can determint
without an appeal to the Greek, with the
present version. The Reviser recoin
' mends the word choenix, with the explan'
antion in the margin, thus, “ A choeni:
is about one quart; a denarius, abou
_- - --
fitteen cents. ror ims,
following criticism on this verse by Dr.
Geo. Campbell. “It is evidently the
intention of the writer to inform us of the
rate of this necessary article, as a charac
teristic of the lime whereof he is speak
ing. But our version not only gives no
information on that head, but lias not
even the appearnnce of giving any, which
the word chnenix would have had, even
to those who did not understand it. But
to say a measure, without giving what
measure, is to say just nothing at all.
The word penny here is also exceptiona
ble, being used indefinitely, insomuch
that the amount of the declaration is, a
certain quantity of wheat for a certain
quantity of money. This suggests no
idea of either dearth or plenty; n'rid can
be characteristical of no time, as it holds
equally of every time. In this case, the
original term, notwithstanding its harsh
ness, ought to be retained in the text, and
explained in the margin.” So speaks a
justly distinguished scholar and critic;
and over against the crude and shallow
scribblings of J. W. Moore, we put the
authority quoted, viz: that of George
Campbell. I shall now present some
authorities, adverse to Mr. M.’s declara
tion, that the common version: “ Is all
that we need desire." Of Selden, whose
praises of the King’s version have been
so often and so vauntingly heralded forth,
it is said; “when sitting with the West
minister Assembly of Divines, some
times when they had cited a text of
Scripture to prove their assertions, Selden
would tell them, perhaps ill your little
pocket Bibles with gilt leaves ( which they
would often pull out and read,) the trans
lation may be thus; but the Greek and
Hebrew signify thus and thus and so
would totally silence them." Dr. Mac
knigiit, says, of Rom. 1:17, that the
common version, “is absolutely unintelli
ble ; ” and that 2 Cor. 5:2, is, “ a jumble
of metaphors, which no ordinary reader
can understand.” These are the words
of a man who doubtless, would not have
“sloped.” to use the Parsons classicism,
from a Greek Testament. Noiwithstand
ir.n- n fnmnptent witness declares that the
common version contains passages “ ab
solutely unintelligible,” J. W. Moore,
says, that it is, “ all that we need desire.”
The common version, being confessed
ly unfaithful, the inevitable conclusion,
Moore’s declaration being true, is, that a
faithful version is not desirable, that is, a
part of the truth is more desirable than
the whole truth, or in other words, the
whole truth we “ need not desire”—it is
undesirable. Be it, therefore, known to
all men, that Parson J. W. Moore de
clares and affirms, that a faithful version
of the sacred Scriptures is not desirable,
but that an unfaithful version is “ all
that we need desire.” Dr. Macknight,
also testifies that our version: “ Is by no
means such a just representation of the
inspired originals as merits to be implicit
ly relied on, for determining the contro
verted article's of the Christian faith and
quieting the dissensions which have rent
the church." I submit to the reader,
whether more importance and weight
should be given to the crude sophisms of
Parson Moore, than to the thoughtful and
careful decision of a man of acknowl
edged ability and scholarship? It is often
triumphantly affirmed by the enemies of
revision, that no Christian doctrine is af
fected by the mistranslations of the com
mon version, if this is true, why does Dr.
Macknight say that the version “ is not
to be implicitly relied on, for determining
controverted articles of the Christian faith?”
The reason Macknight gives, is, that they
do not merit to be implicitly relied on.
To say that this oft repeated assertion,
betrays gross “ignorance,” not to say
“ sectarianism” (which according to M.
are the Jachin and Boaz of the Revision
temple) is to speak mildly. Mr. Moore
may vauntingly and immodestly put for
ward his Hebraistic and Greek scholar
ship—but the public will still demand
something more than his unsupported as
sertions in reference to the point at issue.
Great men have lived since Agamemnon
—and doubtless some future chronicler
will write of great linguists long after
Mr. Moore’s departure “ tolhe pale realms
of sh ide.”
In Acts 2:47, we have a reading whol
ly indefensible (will Mr. M. defend it?)
and involving a palpable perversion of
i Lm onnaa nf 11 Aei/tri no I * * A ml I 11
Lord added to the church daily such as
should be saved.’’ Luke simply designed
to stale a fad that “the saved” were
added. The translators by foisting in the
words “ such as should be," have caused
the passage to express a purpose, not
simply to state a fact. That they have
perverted the original we challenge denial,
why they did it we leave unsolved. But
this downright tampering with the mean
ing of the Sacred Word—is not a matter
“of serious import!!” Matthew 2:16
slates that Herod “ Sent forth and slew
all the children that were in Bethlehem;”
in this instance our Translators become
perverters of historical truth. Why did
Herod kill the females, when it was a
King he feared ? The original does not
state that he killed “all the children,” but
all the male children. Cannot any one
see how palpable is this perversion of his
toric truth? If he killed only the male
children, then, it is not true, that he killed
“ all.” The translation “ is ridiculous,
absurd and untrue.” “ It is untrue that
there are any mistranslations in dufveF
sion of serious import,” whence it follows,
that to misstate facts according to Parson
Moore’s code of ethics is not “ of serious
import,” and that the version containing
such is “ all that we need desire.” The
above renderings, to borrow some elegant
; expressions, are, “ miserable caricature:
ana pmauie uuuus. *
paper with the words of R. C. French,
D. D. Dean of Westminister. “1 am
PERSUADED THAT A REVISION OUGHT TO
come; I am convinced that it will
[From the Charleston Mercury.
.Mr. Editor: Some letters and extracts
from letters lately appeared in your pa
per, the object of which was the illustra
tion, in part, of the opinions of certain
prominent men on the present Constitu
tion, at the time of its incipienoy. Be
pleased to publish these hereunto an
EXTRACT or A LETTER FROM WASHING
TON TO MAUISON.
31st March, ’87.—I am glad to find that
Congress has recommended to the States to
appear in convention. It is idle, in uiy opin
ion, to suppose that Congress can be insensi
ble to the inadequacy of the powers under
which they at present act, and that, seeing it,
they should not recommend a revision of the
federal system; especially when it isi consid
ered by many as the only constitutional mode
by which defects can he remedied. * * *
I am fully of opinion that those who lean to a
monarchial form have either not consulted
tlie public mind, or that they live in a region
which (the leveling principles in which they
were bred being entirely eradicated) is more
productive of monarchial ideas than is the
case in the Southern States, where from the
Hmutual distinctions which have ulwaya
existed amoiig the people, one would have ex
pected the first generation and most rapid
growth of them. 1 am also clear that, admit
ting the utility, nay, the necessitv of the
monarchial form, the period is not yet arrived
for adopting the change without shaking the
peace of this country to its foundation. That
a thorough reform of (lie present system Is in
dispensable, no one of any judgmentcan deny 5
aim with hand and heart l hope the business
will he essayed in full convention. * *
• After this es
say is made, if the system prove insufficient,
then, and not till then, in my opinion, can it
(the monarchial) be attempted without civil
discord. I confess, however, that my opinion
of public virtue is so far changed, that i have
mv doubts whether any system will onforce
obedience to the sovereign without the means
of coercion, etc, -— —-■«.
The said Convention tnut in May, und
adjourned on the 17th September succeed
ing, having framed the present Conslitu
WASHINGTON TO LAFAYETTE.
September 18, ’87.—In the midst of hurry,
and in the moment of my departure from this
city, (Philadelphia) I address this letter to
you. The principal indeed, the only design ol
it, is to fulfil the promise I made, that I would
send you the proceedings of the Convention, as
soon as the business was closed. More than
this, circumstanced as I am at present, it is
not in my power to do; nor am I inclined to
attempt it, as the enclosure must speak for
itself. It is the result of four months deliber
ation, and it is now a child of fortune, to be
fostered by some and buffeted by other*.
What will be the general opinion on the re
ception of it, is not for me to decide; nor
shall 1 say anything for or against it. If it
be good, I suppose it will work its way j if
bad, it will recoil on its framers. My best
WASHINGTON TO PATRICK HENRY.
Mr. Vehnon, 24lh September, ’87.—In the
first moment after my return I take the liberty
of sending you a copy of the Constitution
which has just been submitted to the people
of these States. I accompany it with no ob
servations, Your own judgment will at once
discover the good and the exceptionable parts
of it; and your experience of the difficulties
which have ever arisen when attempts have
been made to reconcile such a variety of in
terests as pervade the several States, wijl ren
der explanation unnecessary. I wish the
Constitution which is offered had been more
perfect, but I sincerely believe it to be the
best that could be obtained at this time, etc.
* • * if nothing had been agreed on by
the Convention, anarchy would soon have en
sued, the seeds being deeply town in every
soil. I am, etc.
A copy of the ubove letter was sent tc
Thomas Nelson and Benj Harrison.
From Nelson no reply appears. From
Henry the following is the reply:
I have to lament that I cannot bring my
mind to accord with the proposed Constitu
tion. The concern I feel on this account is
really greater than I can express. Perhaps
mature reflection may furnish me with rea
sons to change my present sentiments into i
conformity with the opinions of those person
ages, for whom I have the highest reverence
from Harrison’s reply.
T >n<.oolf Hnorvlir t nt o r Putorl in VPtfVt.h illE
that you have a bifid in or that comes froir
you; and am so well assured of the soliditj
of your judgment and rectitude of your inten
tions, that 1 never stick at trifles to conform
myself to your opinion. In the present in
stance 1 am so totally uninformed as to the
general situation of America, that I can form
no judgment of the necessity the Convention
was under to give us such a Constitution as il
has done. If our condition is not very des
perate, I fear that the remedy may provi
worse than the disease. Age makes men oftei
over-cautious. I am willing to attribute m)
fears to that cause ; but from whatever eausi
they spring, I cannot divest myself of ai
opinion that the seeds of civil discord ar<
plentifully sown in very many of the power:
given both to the President and the Congress
and that, if the Constitution is carried inti
effect, the States south of the Potomac will hi
little more than appendages to those north
ward of it, etc.
WASHINGTON TO LAFAYETTE.
Mr. Ve.hnon, 18th June. >88.—The Conyen
lion of this State; to which the new Constitu
tion has been submitted for ratification, lia:
been sitting almost three weeks; and so bal
anced is it, that each side asserts it has a pre
ponderance of votes. I am inclined to believi
it will be in favor of the adoption. New
Hainp-bire. it is thought, will adopt it with
out much hesitation. It is a little
that the men of la’fge property in the Nortl
should be more afraid that the Constituted
will produce an aristocracy or a monarchy
than the genuine deiuocratieal people of tb
East. The accession of one State more wil
complete the number sufficient, in the first in
stance, to carry the government into etiecl
-And then 1 expect many blessings to he al
tributed to our new government which ar
taking their rise from that industry and fn
gafity into which the people have been force
from necessity. 1 really believe that the*
never was so much labor and economy to t
found before in the country as at the prcsei
moment. If they persist in the good hab A
they are acquiring, the good effects will soo
be distinguishable. When the people sua
ernment, when foreign nation* shall be dis
posed to give us equal advantages In commerce
from dread of retaliation, etc., then all the
blessings will be referred to the influence of
the new government, whereas many causes
will have conspired t# pioduce them.
FBOM HENRY LEE (OF THE LEGION) TO
September 13. 1788.—Much will depend
on the part which the Assembly of Virginia
may adopt in this business, and from the com
plexion of that body little is to be hoped.
They appear to be generally opposed to the
new Constitution, and Mr. P. Henry, with
many of the coadjutors of the (ratifying)
Convention, are members, also, of the present
Legislature. Madison will not be there j.nor
is there in the Assembly a friend to the new
government of comparative ability. If
would be fortunate If that gentleman could
be brought into the Assembly.
The next two letters are not politic*
exactly; the first is precatory and the
second is pleasant. Its solemn etyle and
homely subject form an agreeable con
trast in the latter. Indeed, could on*
imagine his Excellency descending to *
jest, it might be supposed almost he was
quizzing the Count—yet, perhaps, to
some idiosyocracies the bond jide aene*
may render a more exquisite eavor than
the bona jide theory.
Washington to Madison,
Junk 12, 1788.—Can nothing be done in our
Assembly fur poor Thomas Paine? Must the
merits of “common sense” continue unreward
ed I His writings certainly have had a power
ful effect upon the public mind. Ought they
not then to meet an adequate return? He is
poor, ami almost in despair. His views «re
moderate, and a decent independence is, I be
lieve, all that he aims at. Ought he to be
disappointed in this? For me,it only remains
to feel for his situation, and to assure you, etc.
Nevertheless, Virginia gave Mr. Torn
Paine the go-by, just as she served tbe
anti-slavery petitions so strongly endorsed
also by the Pater Patrim. He went to
France, and was there deputed by Lafay
ette to carry the key of tbe Bastila to
Washington, which key uow bangs under
the roof of Mount Vernon.
The King of Spnin had sent Washing
ton two Spanish jacks, and the reply ia
G. WASHINGTON TO THE COURT UE FLORI
18 December, ’85—Sir: My homage ledus
to his Catholic Majesty for the honor of this
present. The value of it is intrinsically great,
hut Is rendered inestimable by the manner antr
the hand it is derived from. Let me entreat
you, therefore, sir, to lay Detore tne King my
thanks for the jackasses with which he be*
been graciously pleased to compliment mtt
and to assure his Majesty of my unbounded
gratitude for this instance of bis royal notle#
and favor. That long life, perfect health,
and unfading glory may attend his Majesty’s
reign, is my fervent wish. With great re
spect and consideration, I have, etc.
Pone Tigellinuin—taeda lucabis.
—‘If there is anybody under the canis
ter of heaven that 1 have iu utter excrescence/
said Mrs Partington, ‘it is the slanderer,,
going about like a boy constructor, circula
ting his calomel among honest folks.’
-It is a singular fact that a woman can
not look from a precipice of any height, with
out becoming instantly dizzy. But what ia
still more singular, the dizziness departs that
very moment somebody puts his arm around
her waist to keep her from falling.
--A man passing through a gateway in
the dark, hit his nose against the post. “I
wish that post was in h—II,” said he. “Bet
ter wish it was eomewhore else,” said a
bystander ‘-you might rur. against it again.”
——Childhood is like a mirror, catching
and reflecting images all around it. An impious
thought uttered by a parent’s Up, may operate
upon a young heart like a careless spray of
water thrown iipou poliehed steel, staining it
with rust, which no after scouring van efface.
A Partington.—The old lady told a friend
the other day in strict confidence, that a young
man of her acquaintance had committed
Infanticide, by blowing his brains up, in &
state of delirium tremendous, and that th*
Coroner was holding a conquest over hi*
-'An old gentleman had three daughter*,
all of whom were marriageable. A young
fellow went a wooing the youngeat, and fi
nally got her consent to take him “ for
or for worse.” Upon application to th* ol4
gentleman for his consent, he flow into a vio
lent rage, declaring that no man should “ pick
his daughters in that way,” and if he wjsbed
to get into his family he might marry the
oldest, or leave the house forthwith.
Young Womanhood.—The sweet moon on
the horizon’s verge } a thought matured, but
not uttered 5 a conception warm and glowing,
yet not embodied ; the rich halo wjlicb pre
cedes the rising sun ; the rosy down that
speaks the ripening peach ; a flower which is
not quite a flower, yet is no longer a bud.
..—“Well you’ve been out to look at Texas j
did you see anything of our old friend
there?” “Yes—gone deranged.” “Gone de
ranged! Really crazy—what does he do?”
<■ Yes, iudeed ; he don’t know his neighbors’
hogs from his own.”
,171, .., ii.„ uto M. M. Noah, who was a
Jew, was a candidate for the office of Sheriff
' of the city of New York, it was objected to his
: election, that a Jew would thus come to have
the hanging of Christians. “ Pretty Chris
tians,” repiled Noah, “to need hanging?”
_Truth is naturally so acceptable to
man—so charming in itself—that to make
falsehood well received, we are compelled to
dress it up in the snowy garb of truth, as, in
passing base coin, it must have the impress of
genuine ere it will pass current.
-“Give me liberty, or give me death!’’ex
claimed a lager-beer politician while making
a speech. A temperance man, pointing to *
black rum-bottle ju the bar, said;—• sou ve
1 got liberty, and yonder is death, it you wank
j A Little Neglect. — An ejcr,erj .-need
j mother, who who had brought v.j, * large
family of chilnreu with eminent success, was
once asked by a younger one WT at 8he would
1 recommend in the cue of some children who
were too anxiously educated . an(j her reply
was, “I think, my dear, a mtle wholesome
e --a conversation occurred between a
e couusellor-st-law and a client. “1 want you
t to defend me. Wf lt d0 you charge.”’—
• —Twenty dollars, if furnish the witnesses,
„ and forty if l fmo' sh' them.'’ Client promised
I J to take int, ,-our 4jefatior. and report next Jay.
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