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I N. B. GAIK, Editor. ^ “VERITAS OMNIPOTENS." POE & BALDING, Proprietors.
| y-gElJME 1. _.£ DE8 AEC. AEK., APRIL 28, 180<NUMBER lO. ■THE PES ABC Ul», TERMS—50 PER ANNUM j payable in advance. I rates OF ADVERTISING. If Oue square (10 lines of this size type) for I ene insertion, $1; each additional insertion, 76 cents. ___ -j 2 in. | 3 in. | 6 m. lyear. rqSare, »ToO $0 00 0 00 $12 oTT $20 00 !I Inuares, 6 00 9 00 11 00 14 00 25 00 p 00 11 00 13 00 17 00 30 00 i’ 11 00 13 00 16 00 20 00 40 00 Iro umn 13 00 16 00 18 00 25 00 50 00 1 tro umn 16 00 18 00 22 00 30 00 60 00 [ f Column! 19 00 21 00 27 00 35 00 70 00 j ^Advertisers by the year will be restricted | to their legitimate business. Personal communications charged double 1 the rates of regular advertisements. Legal advertisements will be charged, for one square or less, first insertion $1, and 75 j cents per square for each additional insertion. 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' J tst^tgleof^rt i AT THE a. lowest rates, .. .1 . vIHV * GTVF US A CALL AND WE WILL GUAR antee entire satisfaction. __ POE & BALPINfL WM M. WABNElt. A. 0. EDWAUDS. WAMtH & 86WM»g, CASH DEALERS IX Groceries and Provisions. ALSO RECEITIXG and FORWAROIXG iHERCIIATSTS, Des Arc, Arkansas. THE highest market price paid for Wheat, Dry Hides, and all country products. *§0“ Agents for the sale of Monuments, Totnhstones and every description of Stone work. WARNER & EDWARDS. Des Are. February QS, lSSQ —('m E. G, GILL, J, GU.I., ns. SHSTTEiB, BLACKSMITH ■AIVID WAGON MAKER, f ts arc. Avlunsw. Having fitted -up my shop, I can now be found at the old stand, readv to do ai 1 .SpijLsJi kinds of work in ray line. Those having Sit. A.C’k.KiWST'fSIWG OR W 4GOW WORK TO HE it OWE, Can be assured that I can, and will do it.in the best possible manner. niar8 ” DBS. LAVE & HLY6WEY, §ciidcut fftgsicians -A N I> SURGEONS, 8 m 4&«» 4484K 848. OFFER their services to the citizens and vicinity, in the various brandies of their professions. OtUce at Burney & Bro’s Drug Store. mar8-Iy .K. It,. CRdSS’ PHOTOGRAPH ROOMS, * jlcvaU’s fluff, fakatwajs. A Variety of PHOTOGR APHIC i\. VIEWS ami ALBHIS always I unhand. • _nnqq i mar8-tf , I- I- rnoss TOM’S SALOON, ; DEVALL’S BLUFF, ARK. w-sr-rjio WANTS A GOOD DRINK OF i VV FINE LIQUOR!! Tom is ! now behind the counter ot the BEST SAE0OS5T In tlte place, ready to hand out to all desiring it, the Finest Liquors that the market aflords. No humbug ! Give Torn a call, and if yon love good things, you will be satisfied. marT7-3m FRANK GALLAGHER. MEMPHIS, WHITE ASU BAT TLE REO RIVER PACKET, JUSTICE, ABNER BAIRD, - - - Captain. Wat. L. Ely, - a grrsa —i SHIPPERS and travel ,rh can rely on this packet \ as remaining permanently in the trade dui ing ! the entire season. For freighter passage apply oil board. • REGCLAU ST. LOB IS aTwISIT£ river packet, .T. s. McCUNE. JAS. H. DUFFER, - - Mader ^ T~Tn —, THIS swift and Megan • E£*GagwE&A«fehdoamer will ply regularly Sg the season, between St. Louis ant Jacksonport. Stopping at all way Endings rartW., .««#-£»* ! goods. ' Ayrats, marj 7- c WHAT IS A YEAR l _ What is a year? 'Tis but a wave Ou life's dark rolling stream. Which is so quickly gone Chat we Account it but a dream. ’Tis but a single earnest throb Of Time’s old iron heart, Which tireless is, at^strong as when It first with life did start. What is a year? ’Tis but a turn Of Time’s old brazen wheel, Or but. a page upon the book Which death must shortly seal. ’Tis but a step upon the road Which wc must travel o’er; A few more steps, and we shall walk Life’s weary rounds no more. -—_— For the I>es Arc Citizen.] EGOTISM. From its etymology or derivation, ego tism means like the optativa mood or mid dle voice in the Greek grammer, what one does for himself the pronoun. I, is the prominent or efficient agent in every un dertaking. Wo have heard it expressed thus : *• Big I, and little you,” (u.) ' Did you ever see any one whom egotism was very fully developed'! If so, you have a clear definition practically given. The phrenologist regards it as the result of pre dominating self esteem. The fatalist re gards it as a fixed constituent element of him or her in whom it is found to prevail. We regard it as the growth of a neglect ed or uncultivated portion of the human braiu, just as an ill weed springs up and develops itself in some uncultivated or neglected spot of a garden or nursery. But in many heads or groups of organs, „ _.In /Mil 1M./-HV4 1 Iirtllf O L' llin oim. flower among pinks and violets—it is ever attended to and cultivated fo the neglect of other and nobler manifestatsons of the human mind. Many yield tacitly to the influence of egotism, or as some term it, selfesteem. In such, it manifests itself in various forms of development. In a military commander, it is the worst species of tyranny or despotism. In a school teacher, it is the same self willed master. In feligion, it shows a persecuting, intol erant bigot—I am always right, and you are always wrong. In a politician,-it is the same uncompromising, self constituted standard of perfection ; all are wrong who differ from him with whom there is but one stand point, ono political observatory and he stands on the apex or pinacle, and claims to' see and understand every posi tion and point, and to call into question any dogma or political tenet of his, is as the sin of witchcraft. In ethics qr morals, the egotist is a Pharasce, ready to thank God" that he is not as as other men—he finds fault with all your acts and doings, and lays down rules and precedents whose source and au thor is the great I. In matters of public enterprise, he steps forward and claims to shape the action and mould the policy of other men', and like the Romish Vatican, or him that wears its ermine, claims infal ibility in all lie suggests or dictates. If ; you choose to differ in opinion, sentiment i or feeling from him, you incur his dis ; pleasure or enmity, and may prepare to re ceive the contents of his artillery, unstint ed in measure and fierceness. If a failure attends the efforts of men in any Veil meant enterprise—you hear the egotist ex | claim •“ I knew it. 1 told tliem tnus ana ! so." But if success attends the enterprise then you hear him exulting in his pres cience or gift in foreknowledge—'“I knew it would succeed, I always said - so.” The egotist has clearer optics or vision than oth er men, he can always see the mote in his brother’s eye, he has an aptness hi discov ering the-errors and foibles of his fellows*; and even a boldness in naming them and condemning them. He is affected with a holy horror on seeing others do wrong, 01 oven hearing of the short comings of his fellow beings—but never dreams of being in error himself— he criticises on all sub jects, all professions and all creeds, and is painfully grieved that men are so incorri gibly stupid and dull, he is sorely vexed that men don't come to him and learn les sons ot wisdom, lie is grieved that men continue to stumble and blunder along in their attempts at business, seemingly ig noring him. astonished that they do not come to him as they, did in ancient days tc Solomon, with hard questions. Such in part arc some of the character istics of the egotist, and few of us can J claim entire exemption from it. By yield ing to it we become its slaves, but by con quering and overcoming it we gain a great ; victory over ourselves—one of man’s no blest achievements. SPEECH OF THE PRESIDENT, WAsmsuTON-, April 18. In reply to the crowd of soldiers and sailors assembled at tfie White House this evening to pay their respects to' the President, President .Johnson said : I confess (hat in the peculiar posture ofpublic affairs, that yor presence and address give encouragement and confidence to me in my ef forts to discharge the duties incumbent on me as the Chief Magistrate of the Republic.: and in what I have to say, I Shall address you in the character of citizens, sailors and soldiers. [Applause.] We aro to-day involved in one of the most critical and trying situations that has occurred since the Government came into existence. The nation hns another test still to undergo, that is to give evidence to the na tions of the earth, and to its own citizens, that it has the power to restore internal peace; that it has strength enough to put down treach ery and treason within its own borders. [Ap plause.] Wo have commenced an ordeal, and 1 trust in Go4 that we may pass through it successfully. [Cheers ] 1 feel eumplimeuted by the allusion of one presentation to the fact that in the Senate in 1SG1 and 18fS2, when the nation was entering on this ordeal, l raised my hand against treachery, treason, mid trait ors. [Cheers and cries of "good.”] Island here to-day holding to and maintaining tlie same position which I then enunciated. [Ap plause.] I stand itere to-day opposing trait ors and treason wherever they may be in the South or the North. [Loud cheers,] Island here to-day as 1 then stood, using all my powers, both mental and physical, to preserve the nation in going through the third phase of its existence. The organized forces and the combined powers that recently stood arrayed against us, arc disbanded and driven from tlie field. Hut it does not follow that there are still no enemies against our present form of Gov ernment, and our fi'Ce institutions, I then stood in the Senate denying the doctrine of separation and secession. I denied then as I now, that any State has the right, of its own will to separate itself’from the other States, aud the right, to destroy (lie bunion and break up the Government; and I think i have given some evidence that i have been sincere and in earnest, and now want to know' wliiy it is that the whole train of slanderers and calumnia tors have been barking and snapping at my heels. [Cheers.] Why is it they have array ed themselves against me? It is because I stood 'with the people, and when I say the people. I include sailors and soldiers. [Loud cheering.] Why is it they are arrayed in tra ducing and falsity ing and calumniating me? Where were they during the rebel! ion just end ; dep? 1 answer, at home in bed. [Laughter.] In the South, I raised my voice against it, and when it was believed that it would be to the interest of the nation and would assist in put ting down the rebellion, then did I leave my place in (he Senate, a place of emolument, of ease and distinction, and take my position where t he enemy Could be reached, and where men’s lives were in danger. Whilst thus ox pored personally and publicly, son*e of nty present fraduccrs and calumniators were far removed from the foe and were enjoying ease and comfort. But I care not for them. 1 care not that slander, the . foul whelp of sin, has linen turned loose against me. I care not for all that they may tell you here to-day. Al though pretty well advanced in life, I feel that I shall live long enough to live down the whole pack of t.raducers and slanderers. They have turned the whole pack loose to lower mein your estimation. Verily, they can’t do it. Tray, Blanche, and Sweetheart, little dogs and all, come along, snapping and snarling, at my heels, but I heed them not; ha! The Ameri can people, citizens, sailors and soldiers, know that, from my advent into public life, to pres ent moment, I have always stood unwavering ly the advocate and defender of their rights and interests. [Cheers.] We are now in the nation’s third ordeal. We are not yet through. We denied that the| States could go out of the Union. Wc denied the doctrine of secession, and we have deraon a<rated that we were right; we demonstrated it by Btrong arms. Yes, the Soldiers and the sailors—God bless them-^-have demonstrated by their patrotism and strong aihns that the States have not the power to leave the U nion. The Confederate armies were overpowered and disbanded, and there was a willingness on the part of the people of those States to cotjte back in obedience to the taws, and acknowl edge the supremacy of the Constitution of our fathers. For what have we passed through this ordeal? It was to prove the principle tfiat.no State had the power to break up the Government. It was to put down rebellion. The rebellion has been put down; and for what!" Was ft to destroy the States? Verily never. For whal have all the lives bee sacri ficed and all this treasure expended ?- Was it iuriuc jmrpuoe ui uvawu^iug . j.iu. It was for the purpose, of preserving theUnion of the States. That is; what we have, been contending for, and to establish the fact that, this nation can lift its own head above and be yond internal wars and treason and traitors at home. When the rebellion in Ma achu ! setts was put down, did that put Massachusetts I out of the Union anddestroy the State? When the rebellion in Pennsylvania was put down, did that destroy the State and put it out of the Union? So when the great rebellion was put down and the Constitution and the laws of the i country'restored to the States engaged in the ' rebellion it/baing crushed, the law restored, I and the Constitution acknowledged in them, i stood in (lie Union and the Constitution a por ! tion of the glorious and bright galaxy of j States. In passing-through this ordeal, which I has been done in them under tho direction of i my lamented predecessor, we commenced this i work of reform. We succeeded, before 1 • came here, in restoring the relations which j had existed between Tennessee and the rest of 'the Union with one exception—the rostora : tion of representation. I came to Washing j ton, and under extraordinary ’circumstances succeeded to the Presidential chair. The Con gress of the United States had adjourned with out prescribing any plan. I then proceed as I had done in tity own State in reconstructing the Government, to restore the otner States. And how did we begin V We found the peo ple had no courts, and we said to the Judges, District Attorneys and Marshals, go down »nd hold your courts—the people need the tribu nals of justice to be opened. Was there any thing wrong in that? The courts were open ed—and what else? We looked out and saw that the people down there had no mails; they had been cut off and interrupted by the oper ations oftlie rebellion. We said to the Post master General, let tho people havfe facilities : for mails, and let them again begin to under stand what weall feel, that we are one people. Wo looked out again, and snw tliat there was a blockade. We said open (he doors of the custom houses, and let the pursuits of peace go on. It was done. Wc thus traveled on, step by step, opening the custom houses, ap pointing collectors, establishing mail facilities and restoring all the railroads tiiat had boon interrupted by the rebellion. Was there any thing undertaken to bo done here that was not authorized by tho Constitution, nnd that was not justified by the great necessity of the case, that has not been clearly consistent with the Constitution, nnd with the general spirit of our Government. I want to seo measures of policy brought forward that, will advance the intcrosts of the people, and that, portion of tho people who constitute tho gallant, and bravo men, who in both branches of the service, who have upheld the nation’s tlag, and sustained the country in the recent struggle. Let us go on and restore tiic Government. Let us enlarge the area, of our commerce and trnde, nnd let us not only inspire confidence at home, but respect abroad by letting tho nation resume, its career of grcatucss. I know that some will find fault with me, and say I am too kind, too lenient, nnd all that, If wc were all to be put to death, or punished, or thrown away for one offense, or for the second offense, and woro to lie lost and .excluded from society and com munion with our follow men, how many of us would be left? Wc must reason with each other, and understand our natures, nnd what Is necessary to restore peace and harmony and concord to a distracted and divided peo ple. In time of war it is right to burn vil lages, sack cities and desolate fiields, to lay waste a country and cripple and reduce the enemy; but in time of peace the reverse of that cohrse is precisely the right one, nnd the true policy of the ijation is to rebuild its cit ies, restore its villages and renew its fields of agriculture. I know there are somo who have been at home during, the war, who bring to tbe consideration of the questions of pcaoo, harmony and the avocations of civil life, all tbe fecliugs of resentment which animated us,' when the war was running high, but take the brave men, who sustained the flag on the field and on the wave, and you will find better "feelings and better judgment on these ques tions, than you wilt find with those who have been sitting in the closet, and never smelled gun powder. [Cheers.! Yes, from private to tbe general, they know bow.to treat the present circumstances better than any of those closet patriots and humanitarians, Then oountrymen, fellow citizens, and soldiers and sailors, let us rejoice that peace lias eomo. T.et us rejoice that the relations of the States •are about being restored.' T.et tjsmako every effort weean, on proper principles, to restore the former relations between the federal Gov ernment and tho States. I thank God that peace is restored. I thank God that oifr bravo j men can return to their families and homes, and resume their peaceful avocations. I thank God that the bancfVil planet of fire nnd blood, which a short time ago was in the ascendant, has been erased away by tho benignant star, of peace, Now, that, the star of peace is sus pended in the heavens, let us cultivate the earth, and 'the relations of peace, und all those associations that, appertain to men in peace. The time is not distant when weean have a political mileuium, a political jubilee, and when we can proclaim to all the nations of the earth, that again we are a united poo dle, and that, we have triumphantly parsed through our third ordeal; have peacoat home and power to bid defiance to the world [lioud cheering.] Remember one thing, gentlemen, in my past; although slanderers may misrep resent me, none can say that I ever deceived ar betrayed them. It, will be for you to see, in the future, wbo will redeem all his promis es, and who will be most faithful. .1 thank you, gentlemen, for tie compliment you have paid me. What remains to be done?" One thing remains, to show (lie oivilized world that we have-passed Successfully through the third ordeal of our national existehcc, and proved that our Government, was popular. A . great principle was restored, which was es tablished in our revolution, when our father* were contending against the power of Great Britain. What was one of tho principal caus es of their complaint? They complained of taxation without representation, Ono of the great principles laid down by our fathers, and which fired their hearts, was, that there should bo no taxation without representation. How, then, does the matter stand? • Who has been defeating the operation of tho Constitution? What now remains to be done to complete the restoration of those States to all their former relations under tho Federal Government, and to finish the great ordeal through which we have been parsing ? It. is to admit repfesen ! tntion. yjlicnrs.] When wo soy admit rop | resentation, what do We mean? _ We .simply j mean representation in the Constitutional and law abiding sense which existed at the begiu ! nintr of the Government. The Constitution declares in express terms that the .Senate and House of Representatives, each acting for it self, shall be judge of the returns of elec tions, and the qualifications of i ts own mem bers. It is for each House to settle thatqucs tion under the Constitution and under the sol-* emn sanction of an oath. Can we believe that either Houso would admit any member into its body to participate in the legislation of the country, who has not been qualified? They have the power—not the two Houses, but one House for itself. The Constitution furth er declares that no State shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate of the United States, without its consent. Where do tye stand? All that we have need of is to finish the great work of restoration, for the two Houses respectively to decide the question, i Oh! but, some one will say, a traitor might come in. The answer to that is, that each House must be (lie judge of it, and if a traitor presents himself I cannot help it. The House will know that ho is a traitor; and if he is a traitor they cun kick him nut of doors and send him back, saying todhe people who seat him, you must send us a loyal man. [Cheers.] Is there any difficulty about that? If a trait or presents himself to the other House, can not that House say to him: "No ^-ou cannot be admitted into this body. Go back. We deny not your people the right of representa tion; but they must send a loyal representa tive ” [Cheers.] And when the States do send loyal representatives, tan you have any better fidelity to the laws and the Constitu | don ? There is no one learned in the Constitu ! don and the laws who will say that if a trgitor 1 happened to get in Congress, that body can not expel him after he gets in. That makes assurance doubly sure, and conforms the ac tion of the Government to the Const iuiMon of our fathers. Hence, I say, let us stand by the 1 Constitution, and in standing by it, this Gov ernment will be preserved. While I have boon contondingngainsi traitors’and t.ronsmt secess ion and the dissoluticm of the Union, I have been contending against the consolidation of powerhere. T think the etrws'olidation efpow er here equally dangerous With separation. The one would run into anarchy, while the other would concentrate and eventuate into a monarchy, lint there is an idea abroad that one man can be a usurper. Mr. Jefferson the apostle of liberty tells us, and so does common sense, that tyrany and despotism can be' exer cised by many woro vigorously a^d mtoro ty rannically than by one. What power has your President to attain-? What can he do? What can he originate ? Why, tjunr saytiJbo exercises the veto power. [A voice, "to put down the negro,"—Laughtor.] Who is your President? [Several voices, "Andy John son.”] Is lie not elected by the people? The President is the tribune of the peoplei" In olden times when tribunes Were first elected in the Roman Republic, Ihc people chose , a tribune and placed him at thodooTS of the Sen ate, so that when that body ventured an op pressive act, lie was clothed with the power to say “veto! I forbid!" Your President now, is the tribune of the people. I thank God I am, and intend to assert the power which tUo people have given uie. Your President stand ing here day after day, and discharging his duty, is Tike a horse on a tread, wheel ;.and be cause ho dares to differ nv opinion' in fegard to public measures, he must be denounced ne a usurper and a tyrant. Cali he originate any thing under the veto'powei*? I think th<?’voto power conservative in its character and effect, and operation. Ail that can be dono by the veto power is to say When legislation is im proper, hasty, unwise and unconstitutional; stop agtion ; wait.till it,can bo submitted to the people,’arid let them consider whether it is right or wrong. [Applause.] That is all there is in it; hence I say that tyranny and power ertn be exercised somewhere else than by the Executive. He is powerless. All that he can do is to cheok legislation;, to hold it, jp a state of obeyanco until the people can con sider and understand what is being done. Then what has been done? 1 have done what | conscience, I believed, required mo to do. [Applause ] SO believing, I intend to stick to my position, relying on the Judgment and intelligence of the people—the soldiers and the suitors especially. [Cheers.] Then, for my life, l ean not see whore there ib any tyran ny. It is very easy to impugn motived, and suspect me purest iiFia ^csc nets t oi ft life. If you come forwardwnd’propose' h cer tain thing, your ipotjves are suspected and condemned ;t end if you withlioldyour opinion, you arc regarded as being'rtppopcd to the mat ter. fch>. that it is very hard, to move ope way or the other, so far ns certain persons are con cerned. In tbo American people li my hope . for the salvation of the country. I am with you, soldiers, sailors and citizens. tVho.lfa,* sacrificed or pterilod mote? Was not mv ajl. boen put,on it—‘•myhtfe, my property ,And OVcfy tiling sacred and <lear to man bas been, staked upon it; and ctthl now be suspected of alter ing at the closo of this-third ordeal of the na tion? Where is he who in public or private life lias sacrificed more, or who has devoted more of his time and energies to theadeontplishmcht ,of the great end than I? from the promptings of my own heart I believo I was right, and with your hearts, your countenance hud your encouragemout, I shall go through on tbfct line. [Cheers and laughter.1 And whom I come to talk-, sailors and soldiers, abdtVtWis to fie dono aud that,to he flOpe, all I want is * for you to wait and sco. So, far as you are concerned, wait and see it I don’t standby you, altliough every othor man may faltorand fail. [Cheers.J ■ —;—~-1»>-— ' ‘1 ‘; ‘ Enirisu a PAven.— Editing a paper is » very pleasant busjnopg. , i: f! oil If it contains too much political matter, peo ple won’t have It. .Jf tho. type is .tpo lafige, it dpn't coiitain enough reading matter, If the type 1b small, people won't road It; If.wo publish talegrapli,reports, people aay they are lies. '. ,i if we omit therfi, they say We have tto enter prise, or suppress them for political effect If We have in a few jpkes, people say we are a mttlehead. If we omit them, (hey say we are old fossil. If wo publish original matter, they damn us for not giving selections. If we publish selections, men say wo arc lazy for not writing more and giving .them what they have not read in some other paper. If we give a man a complimentary notice, then we are ^ensured for being partial. If we do tint., all hands say we are selfish. If we insert an article that pleases the ladies, men become jealous. If wo do W>f cater to their wishes, the paper is not fit to have in the house. If we attend church,- thoy say tjs only for effect. xi wu uuii v, iM?i*vruuw uo an u«nnii>iut and desperately wicked. If we remain in the office and attend to bu siness, folks say we are too proud to mingl# with other fellows. If we go out they say we never attend to business. . If we publish poetry, wo affect sentimental ism, If wo do not, we have no Jiterai'y polish or taste If the mail does not deliver our papers promptly, they say we do not publish .“on time.” If it does, they are afraid we are get ting ahead of tho time. If wc do not pay all bills promptly, folks say we are not to be trusted. If we do pay promptly, they say We stole the niotoey. -- %■> * Experiment ftt Grass Culture.—An En glish farmer writes to the Mark Lane Express an .account of an accidental experiment in grass culture; which occurred on his farm a few years ago. He says that his plowman mistook orders, and plowed half aq acre h» one of his grass fields before the mistake was dis- . covered. This was in the fall, and the land lay with the roots of tho grass turned up tq the weather during the winter. In the spring the sod was turned down carefully and the land rulleJ. The result was, that the grass grew richer and higher in the plowed part than in any other portion of tho field, bo much so, that the difference could be noticed from i consid erable distance; The improvement in the grass of the plowed part has been permanent. —The Merchants’ National Bank of ; Little Rock has been designated a depository : for public money, '. ‘j --They are di scussing a proposition for i tho consolidation of the railroads between Memphis and NVWOrleans in the latter fcitV,