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Des Arc citizen. (Des Arc, Ark.) 1866-1867, May 05, 1866, Image 1

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N‘. B. GAIR, Editor. , |
OETJME 1.___DES ABC, _A_liK., MYY 1806._JSTUMBEB 11.
feilE DES Al«! (jflffl. ,
I TERMS— S3 50 PER A XXCM
TAYABLB IN ADVANCE.
BATES OFADVBBTISIie.
I Oue square (10 Hues of this size type) for
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I75 cents. __
| --\ | j,i. | 2 ni. | 3 ni. | li m. |l year.
■ r&iTsToOSO 0U.$9 00 $12 00 520 00
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■ aSouares 9 00 11 00 13 00 17 00 30 00 J
■ 1 Column 11 00 13 00 10 00 20 00 40 00
■ iCn umn 13 00 16 00 18 00 25 00 50 00
■ tco umn’, 16 00 18 00 22 00 SO 00 60 00
If Column; 10 00 21 00 27 00 35 06 70 00
■ ■^Ad^rti^rTby the year will be restricted
■ to their legitimate business.
Personal communications charged double
I the rates of regular advertisements.
Legal advertisements will be charged, for (
I one square or less, first insertion $1, and 75
I cents per square for each additional insertion.
I Announcing candidates for State and Dis
I trict offices, $7; County offices, $5; Township
I Hi offices, 3; invariably in advance.
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charged the usual rates, except when persons
making the calls are subscribers to our paper.
Payment in advance.
Advertisements not ordered for a specified
time, will be inserted till forbidden, and
charged for accordingly.
All advertising to be paid for quarterly.
Our JosT Printing Department.
We have supplied ourselves with a good
assortment of Printing Material and are
ready to execute all kinds of Job Printing,
on reasonable terms.
We are prepared to prinf Pamphlets, Cata
logues, Posters, large or small, Cards, Ball
Tickets, Bill Heads, Blanks of every descrip
tion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the
Peace, Constables, &c.
THE
CITIZEN
33 O O US.
t
V
AND 1
JOB OFFICE;
|
IS NOW IN
OPERATION!.
i
]
ALE U3XDS OF
BLANKS
I PRINTED ON
SHORT NOTICE
AND 5N T2IE
^est^leof^rt
.T. * IllEi
*
' '
LOWEST X* xlTES,
I
3
__
1VF US A CALL AND WE WILL GUAlt
i.ntoe entire satisfaction.
]>OK & 15.VT.DING.
WM M. WAUNr.lt. '. ... t:i’"Ai:i>.“.
t'Asaa wE.ts.ERS iai
Groceries and Provisions.
ALSO
RECEIVIKG and I’ORWHIDING
MEB OII AN TS ,
Deg Arc, Arkansas.
rpUE biphost market price paid for Wheat,
1 Dry Hides, and all country produce.
-*Agoiits for the sale ot Monuments,
Tombstones and every description ot Stone
work. WARNER & EDWARDS.
\r<\ February 2R, 1R*>6-- Gin
--
»■ O, GILL, J. G; GILL,
GILL & BEO.,
m- SHarrsa. .
BLACKSMITH
AND
WAGON MAKER,
Jcs Arr, SUIwnsw.
Having fitted up my
shop, I can now be found at,
the old stand, ready to do all
kinds of work in my line. Those having
BLAi'KSMIT1IIMG OR WACOM
WORK. TO BE DOME,
Can be assured that I can, and will do it in
the best possible manner. .war8
DRS. LAME & IlOWElf,
Icsidnit Ppicwna
-A N D
SUKG-EON s,
&£§
OFFER thoir services to the citizens and
vicinity, in the various branches of their
professions. Office at Buruey & Bro's Drug
Store. ___
“LroEjsr
PHOTOGRAPH
110 0 M S,
gmffi’s gluff, ^tltaww.
i Variety of PHOTOGRAPHIC
y V VIEWS and ALBUMS always
on hand. pposs
marS-tf L- L- CR0BB
DEVALL'3 BLUFF, ARK.
VTtHO WANTS A GOOD DRINK OF
YY FINE LIQUOR!! 1S
now behind the counter ol the
blst saloon
In the gilaoe, ready to hand out to all desiring
it, the Finest Liquors that the market affords
No humbug! Give Toni a call, and if yoi
love good things, you will be satisfied.
marl7-8m CARR & GALLAGHER.
THE SABBATH.
BY SIR EDWAHD BtTLWER LYTTOJt.
Fresh glides the brook, and blows the gale,
But yonder balt3 the quiet mill!
The whirling wheel, tho rushing sail,
How motionless and still 1
Six days of toil, poor child of Cain,
Thy strength the slave c? want may be ;
Tho seventh thy limbs escape tho chain—
A God hath made the free!
Ah ! tender was the law that gave
Tkio holy respite to the breast,
To breathe the gale, to watch the wave,
And know the wheel may rest!
But where the waves the gentlest glide,
What image charms to iighrfq.ine eyes?
The spire reflected on the tide
Invites thee to the skies.
To teach the soul its noblest worth,
The rest from mortal toil is given;
Go snatch the brief reprieve from earth
And pass—a guest to heaven.
They tell thee in their dreaming sohool,
Of power from old dominion hurled,
When rich or poor, with jnster rule,
Shall share the altered world.
Alas, since time itself began,
'1'iiat fable hath but fooled the hour ;
E c i age that ripens power in man,
liut subjects man to power.
Yet every day in seven, at least,
One bright republic shall be known ;
Man’s world awhile hath surely ceased,
When God proclaims his own !
Sit; days may rank divide the poor,
O Dives, from thy banquet kali;
T ic seventh the Father opens his door,
And holds his feast for all!
MEXICO.
Letter /torn (fen. Early—Lauds and
f.rt 11/ / tv//> /» ?/*!/ / 7/ fl/
Colonists— Their Dissatisfaction—His
Advice to Dmijrants.
Havana, April 15, 1866.
To tlio Editor of the New York News!
Sir: I have just returned from Mexi
co, after a sojourn of three months in that
country. Having received from Virginia
several letters of inquiry in regard to the
prospects for emigrants to Mexico, and
having learned that many persons in that
as well as the other Southern States desire
to emigrate, I will state, through your
columns, the result of my own observation
and the information received from others
on whose judgment I could rely I must
state, in the tirst place, that my personal
observation of the country was confiucd. to
what I saw in passing and repassing over
the stage route from Vera Cruz to the city
of Mexico; the greater part of my time
having been spent in the latter city. The
lauds in the Cordova district and about
Orizava, through which the tago route
passes, are unquestionably rich, and intel
ligent gentlemen, who have seen other
parts of the country, informed me that
there were other districts in which tiro
lands were very rich, and capable of being
made very productive by the proper use of
capital and labor Hut colonists will have
iuany difficulties to encounter in all ot
them. There has been no systematic ef
fort to survey or ascertain the locality of
the public lauds, until that recently made
under the superintendence of (Ten. Magru
dcr, chief of the land office. All the
lauds at Cordova which have been sur
veyed as public lands have been already
parceled out and have supplied hut a
Small number of colonists. Land titles in
Mexico are in a very unsettled condition,
and but few men know the boundaries ot
their own lands. So uninformed is the
Government i tself in regard to the lands
to which it has claims, that, in making a
contract with Gen. Hardeman, of Texas
for the survey of the public lands in Du
rango, the whole risk and expense of uis
e.ovei'in" those lands have been thrown up
ou him, and he is to receive ooinpensatior
only in the event of his being able to line
and survey the lauds, the Government uol
even undertaking to furnish him protec
tiou against guerillas and robbers, while
he is engaged in fulfilling his contract
The lands offered by private individual;
| in alternate sections to colonists, so far a;
l am informed, are in remote districts
where the Liberals or Dissidents, as thej
are called, have control, and the Govern
incut can afford no protection. The verj
highty colored accounts of the country am
its resources which have been published
and the expectations of a large influx o
emigrants which have been excited, havt
caused proprietors having lauds for sale tt
increase enormously the prices asked fo;
them, and many persons who have recent
ly arrived in the country have been una
ble to procure lands either from the Gov
eminent or from private individuals. J hi
legitimate consequence of all this has been
that many arc returning iu a great state o
dissatisfaction, while others, who relied 01
the delusive promises of aid from th
Government, find themselves not on!;
without the means of obtaiuing lands, bu
of returning to their homes. It is ex
■ j cecJiimly difficult for th.-se who have sue
I! ceeded iu getting lands to procure labo
•; to put them in a state of cultivation, astli
native population cannot be re'ied ou fo
that purpose. All idea of procuring a;
I , 1
! sistance 'from the Government must be
abandoned by those who desire to Oini
grate to the country I have no doubt
that Mexico has resources which, undor a
’stable government and with capital and la
bor sufficient, n'ro susceptible of a very Con
siderable development; but those who go
thoro expecting to find tho beautiful and
fruitful land which is described in some of
the published accounts, will be doomed to
as sadadisappointmeut as that experienced
by the old Spanish conquerors in their
search for the fabled Eldorado. On the
railroad which is being constructed from
Vera Crus to the city of Mexico practical
and experienced engineers, contractors and
mechanics may! hod employment, but -oth
erwise very few positions are open to those
who do not wish to cultivate the soil.
Physicians who can speak the language
can get permission to practice their pro
fessions, but beyond this there is no opeu
ing whatever for any of the learned pro
fessions.
As to the stability of the Government,
I will state that I have no information,
except-what may be obtained by any so
journer in the country who cannot speak
the language. Though I remained in the
national capital for nearly three months,
I did not see, even casually, so far as I
know, the Emperor, Empress, or any min
ister of the Government, nor did I seek to
see them. I ’think, however, that X am
warranted in saying that any one who de
sires to make Mexico his permanent
home, must do so without reference to the
duration of the present Government. In
formation as to the length of time which
that Government is to be maintained ?n
the country, is not to bo obtained in
Mexico.
I have not advised any of my personal
friends to emigrate to the country, and my
knowledge is not sufficient to justify me
in now giving my positive advice cither
1 way; but, though my «wn determination
| to remain in exile is unchanged, I feel a
dnrtn iovlnvaaf. in t!in tUiilfllfO H f a 11 tnv
countrymen of the Southern States, and
the knowledge which I obtained from my
own observation, as well as from the in
formation of others, is sufficient not only
to authorize mo; but, in my estimation, to
make it my duty to advise all those who
arc desirous ot seeking now homes not to
give up their present ones and emigrate to
Mexico until they shall have examined the
country in person, or ascertained, through
some friend on whose judgment and expe
rience'they can rely, that their situations
may be bettered. Above all, let no man
who has a •wife and children cany them
to Mexico until he has secured a certain
home and a fair prospect ot support for
ihem. l>y observing this caution much
disappointment and suffering will be
avoided.
1 send this communieation to your pa
per for publication, as L have uo doubt
that in that way it will’ sooner roach the
mass of |ho readers for whom it is intend
ed than in any other sheet.
Respectfully, »). A. EARLY.
-_-♦<* *-7
“SUBLIME SI’ECT.kt’LE.
A Column of Fire One Thousand Feel
in Height, and a Fiver of Flame
Thirty-Five Miles Long.
A jet of lava of more stupendous pro
portions than any ever conceived of, is
dercribed by Mr. (Joan, in the Honolulu
Friend, of February, iu his account of the
eruption of Manua Lcn, on the island oi
Hawaii.
The eruption commenced near the sum
mit of the mountain, and only five or six
miles southeast of the eruption in 1848.
For two days this summit crater sent down
1 its burning" Hoods along the northeastern
slope of the mountain: then suddenly the
valve closed, and too great furnace ceased
blast. After thirty-six hours the i’ubia
was seen bursting out of the eastern side
of the mountain, about midway from the
top to the base.
r. n _,1. a ..i.
JWUU1U IUUU mo/
found a subterranean tunnel, for half way
down the mountain, when coming to u
weak point, or meeting with some obstruc
tion, it burst up vertically, sending a col
umn of incandescent fusia 1G00 feet high
into the air. This lire jet was about 100
feet in diameter, and it was sustained for
twenty days and nights, varying in height
from 500 to 1000 feet The disgorgement
from the mountain side was often with ter
rible explosions, which shook the hills,
' and with detonations which were heard
I for forty miles. This column of liquid fire
| was an object of surpassing brilliancy, of
intense and awful grandeur. As the jet
issued from the awful orhice it was at white
heat. As it ascended higher and higher,
I it reddened like fresh blocd, deepening its
color until, in its descent, much of it as
sumed the color of clotted gore.
In a few days it had raised a cone some
I 800 feet high around the burning orifice
1 and, as the showers of burning mineral.
1 fell in livid torrents upon tho cone, it be
1 came one vast heap of glowing coals, flash
•1 ing and quivering with restless action, and
t! sending out the heat of 10,000 furnaces ii
.| full blast. The struggles in disgorging
. ! the fiery masses, the upward rush of tin
• | column, the force which raised it 1001
J vertical feet, and the continuous failin'
[. back of thousands of tons of mineral fush
- • into the throat of the crater, and over i
eotio of glowing coala one mile in circum
leience, was n sight to inspire awo and
terror; attended with explosive shocks
which seemed to rend the mural ribs of the
mountain, and sounds to waken the dead
and startle tl’.o spirits in Hades. From
this fountain, a river of lire went leaping
and rushing down tho mountain with
amazing velocity, filling up basins and
ravines, dashing over precipices, and ex
ploding rocks, u.uil it reached tho forests
at the base of tho mountain, where it
burned its fiery way, consuming tho jungle,
evaporating the water of tho streams and
pools, cutting down the trees and sending
up clouds of smoko in murky columns of
fleecy wreaths to heaven.
All Eastern Hawaii was a sheen of light, !
and our night was turned into day. So
great was tho illumination at night, that
.one could read without a lamp, and labor,
travel ng and recreation might go on ns in
the day time. Mariners at sea, saw tho
light two hundred miles distant. It was a
pyrotechnical display mere magnificent
and marvelous than was made by an early
monarch. In the daytime the atmosphere
for thousands of square miles would be filled
with a murky hazo, through which the
sunbeams shed a pale and sickly light.
Smoke, steam, gasses, ashes, cinders—fur
nace or capillary or filamentary or vitrifi
cation called Pelo’s hair—floated in the
air, sometimes spreading out like a fan,
sometimes careering in swift currents upon j
the wind, or gyrating in over changing
colors iu the fitful breezes. The point
tfrom which the fire fountain issued is
10,000 loot above the level of the sea,
thus making the igneous pillar a distinct
object of observation along the whole east
ern coast of Hawaii.
During the eruption the writer made an
excursion to the source. After threo days
of hard struggle in the junglo and over
fields, ridges and hills of bristling scoria,
ho arrived, near subset, at the field of ac
tion. All night long he stood as near tho
glowing pillar as tho vehement heat would
allow, listening to the startling explosions
and the awiul rcnr oi the molten column,
as it rushed upward 1000 feet, and fell
hack in a fiery avalanche which made the
mountain tremble It was such a scene
as few mortals ever witnessed There was
no sleep for tiie spectator. The fierce, red
glare, the subterraneous twitterings and
struggling*, the rapid explosions of gases,
iho rushes and roar, the sudden and start
ling bursts, as of crashing thunder---all, all
were awe-inspiring, and all combined to
reader the scene one of indescribable
brilliancy and terrible sublimity. The
rivers of fire from the fountain flowed
about thirty-live miles, and stopped within
ten miles of Hile. Had the fountain
played ten days longer, it would probably
have reached the shore.
-XD«-—
Novelty In Marine A chitcctnrc—A
Revolving Ship.
At the ship yard of Messrs. Brewster &
Potter. Canton, there is to be seen a real
novelty in the way of marine architecture.
It is a working model of a “revolving ves
sel,” so-called, the “hull” of which is so
constructed as to bear the appearance of
an immense hogshead, rather than of any
thing designed to he propelled in the water.
It is rather difficult to decribe, from its
singular peculiarities. The model is a
cylinder 12 feet in diameter and 11 feet
width of beam. Through this cylinder
is a shaft acting as an axle, upon which
the vessel rods in the water, making but
little displacement; aud it is contended
that it will even pass over bars where there
is little or no water. Outside of the cylin
der or hull are placed paddles at different
points, which are to be protected by four
keels going around. The machinery is
attached to the shaft inside of'the cylinder;
where, also, are to bo placed cabins, etc.
The idea of this vessel is, that insteud oi
displacing or running through the water,
she rolla over it, making a plane of a liquid
surface. The mode! has already been
| tried in the river, and to those interested
; itii operations were deemed satisfactory,
i The inventor of this novel conception is
j Mr. G corge T. Snyder, of Pennsylvania,
i who hap obtained a patent, and he appears
I sanguine of its success. To test its ulti
1 mate utility, a joint stock association is
[ now forming to build a perfect boat 40 feet
in diameter, with a corresponding width
j of beam, which it is supposed will be capa
i hie of attaining a great speed and carry a
| large number of passengers, with freight.
| [t may be added that the principle lias rc
I ceived the approval of many engineers and
j shipwrights. ‘ At any rate, the “revolving
| vessel” is a curiosity, in its way.—[Balti
! more Sun.
! Fruits of the Civil Rights Bill.—Webe
j gin to witness the fruits of tho Civil Rights
! bill. It. has already causedthe blood of white
people to be shed in Norfolk ; it has been the
' cause of the negroes in Boston tilling places
formerly occupied by white laborers: it has
| given Massachusetts negroes the right, orrath
er they have impudently assumed it, to take
seats beside white ladies in railroad cars,
when plenty of other seats are vacant. In
| short, it is continually increasing the bad
feeling existing between whites and blacks in
: the North, while it is certainly not bringing
them on heller terms of amity and intimacy
in the South. Wo foresee a great deal of trou
j ble in this connection, even before tlie Civil
1 Rights bill is put into practical execution.—
i [New York Herald.
-\ mere matter of form—false calves.
JttSt'ELLANKOl'S ITEMS.
-Josh Billings says when a man's dog
deserts him on akount of lib property, ho
knrPfc get enny lower down in this World—not
bi land.
——An editor’s wife, during an evening
walk, asked bor husband to notice tho moon,
Ho replied that ho could noi do it nndor the
usual rates, of twenty cents a line.
--“'Whiit is that dog barking at?” asked
a fop, whose boots were more polished than
his ideas. “Why,” replied a bystander, “be
cause he sees another puppy in your boots.”
-Sir Isaac Newton’s nephew was a cler
gyman. When lie had performed the marri
age ceremony ho always refused the foe, say
ing: “Go your ways, poor wretches, I have
done you mischief enough already.”
-The printer is the master of dill trades,
lie beats the carpenter with his. rub; and tho
mason in setting up columns, he surpasses tho
lawycrin attending to his cate, and beats tho
parson in the management of the devil',
-His Plutonic Majesty, the “Devil,"
lately soen in Nicholas county, Ky., has
“turned up” in Barton county, Me. Several
parties have sworn to his presence, and one
John Smart gives a minute description of hb
person and apparel.
-Beautiful was the reply of a venerable
man to the Question, whether he was still in
the land of the living; “No, but I am almost
there.”
-Why is a dun like an unexpoetod favor?
ILis unsolicited.
——To bo shamed out of heaven is to bo
shamod into hell.
-Why is taking tho small pox like an
heiress ? It Is a catch.
-‘Snigglcfrit* says the Fenians have been
boring for a great while without striking “lie.”
He means the Emerald isle.
-What is the difference between a pretty
girl and a night-cap? One is born to weu,
and the other is worn to bed.
A theatre habitue who is tired of “Black
Eyed Susan,” wants to know how a new play
called “Bloody Nosed Nancy” would do. Too
sanguinary.
-A fast man’s advice to his son—“What
ever you do, do it; aud wherever you go, go
it.”
-Puzet succeeded in adjusting tho eye
of a flea so that, by using » mteroacopo he was
able to sco objects through it. It diminished
the size, but at the same time multiplied every
object. For instance, a soldier appeared like
au army of pigmies.
—r-A gentlemanly young middy, wishing
to have the maintop light put out, hailed,
“Maintop there!” “irif?” ‘■Hxtinglnsh that
uooturunl luminary!” “air?” “Hstinguish
that nocturnal luminary, confound you!’’
■‘Sir ?” catno again from tho puzzled topman.
“Here—let me,” said the boatswain, elbow
ing the midshipman on one side: “Maintop
there!” “Sir?” ‘.‘Dowso the glim!” “Ay,
ay, sir,” was the.cheerful response,
_—We have heard, recently, of a man who
obtained a bill of divorce on the ground that
his wife was extravagant. “She used butter
for shortening.” This is about equal to tho
man who complained of his daughter’s extrav
agance, because she persisted iu buying a wa
terfall for her head when she had a cataract
in her eye. lie couldn’t brook that.
_.Air. Thompson as a witness in an action
for assault and battery, mixed things consid
erably iu giving his account of the affair. Af
ter relating how Dennis came to him and
Struck him, he proceeded : •
“So, your honor, I just hawlod-off and
wiped his jaw. Just, then his dog came along
and i hit him again.” “Hit the dog?” “No,
ycr honor, hit Dennis. And then I np with, a
stun and throwod it at him, and it rolled him
over and over.” “Threw a stone at Dennis ?”
“At tho dog, ycr honor.' And he get up and
hit uic again.” “The dog?” “No, Dennis.
And wid dathe stuck his tail betwixt his legs
and run off.” “Dennis?” “No, the dog.
And when he came back at mo, he got me
down and pounded me, yer honor, and he isn’t
hurt any at all,” “Who isn't, hurt?” “The
dog, yer honor.”
PjtoPfigsiKs forth* Ykar 1800.—Tho year
1800 will be a very eventful one to every
maiden who gets married.
Throughout the whole course of tho year
whenever tho moon wanes, the nights will
grow dark.
If dandies wear their beards there will be
less work for the harbors. He who wears a
moustache will have something to sneeze
at. / - ,
Whoever is in love this year will think his
mistress an angel. Whoever gets married
will find out whether it is true.
He that looses his wife this yoar wil lbecome
n. widower.
If a young lady should happen to blush, Bio
will be red ia the face. If she dreams of a
young man three nights In succession, it is a
sign of something. If she dreams of him four
j times, or has a tootchaehe, it is a Jong time in
1 getting either of them out of her head.
If anybody jumps overboard without know
ing how to swim, it is ton to one that he gets
drowned.
If any one lends an umbrella, it is ten to
one that lie is obliged to go homo in tho rain
i for his pains.
Whoever runs in debt this year Will 09
dunned.
Many an old sinner will resolve to turn
over a new leaf this year, but the new leaf
willturn out blank.
He that bites off liia nose or turns politician
will act like a fool, and this is the most certain
ol'all.
Gen. Pat. Ceehehne.—A friend who is pre
paring a biography of the lamented Cleburne,
is aiuTious to collect material for that purpose.
He desires us to request those of his soldiers
who remember indidents or anecdotes of the
| “Stonewall of the West,” to write out and for
ward tho same to thi3 office. As the biogra
phy is intended to be an extended and truth
ful record of one of the greatest and best of
I Confederate Generals, it is hoped that bis
friends in Arkansas, to whom h*;3 memory will
ever bo saored, will gladl*- contribute such
facts as wdl illustrate b* a privaie or military
character. Little P ,,,0'miners will confer a
favor by copy*' t°UTs notico.-[Piuo iiluff
[>ispatc{j. -»
B i

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