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I j ___ ________ _I N. B. GAIR, Editor. “VERITAS OMJNIROTEJMS.” POE & BALDING, Proprietors. _ i-_—■——$ ■ — - ■ ■ - --- .. —-... , ~ ___— t ...... • > -;-—-4 ■?•.■■■■ , ' f - -5. yOU'MK 1.__TWS AEC, A RK., MAY 19,1864._JSTtlMBKR 13. Des Arc Citizen. TERMS— S3 50 PER ANNUM PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. RATES OF ADVERTISI1G.' Cue .square (10 lines of this size type) for one insertion, $1 ; each additional insertion, 75 cents. __ —J l m. | 2 m. | 3 m. | ti m. |l year. rSmiTu-JT^Od SO 00,$9 tK) $12 (HI $211 (10 0 Snuares, 0 00 9 00:11 00 14 00 25 00 Snuares 9 00 11 00 13 00 IT 00 30 00 1 Column ’ 11 00 13 00 10 00 20 00 40 00 I Column! 13 00 10 00 18 00 25 00 50 00 t Column, 10 00 18 00 22 0O 30 00 00 00 1 Column, 19 00 21 00 27 00 35 00 70 00 Advertisers by the year will be .restricted I to their legitimate business. Personal communications charged double the rates of regular advertisements. hcml advertisements will be charged, for one square or less, first insertion $1, and 75 cents per square for each additional insertion. Announcing candidates for State and Dis trict offices. $7; County offices, $6; Township | offices, 3; invariably in advance. Calls on persons to become candidates are charged the usual rates, except when persons making the calls are subscribers to our paper. Payment in advance. Advertisements not ordered for a specified time, will lee inserted till forbidden, and I charged for accordingly. All advertising to he paid for quarterly. Our .Io9> Printing »epar(men(. We have supplied ourselves with a good assortment of Printing Material and are ready to execute all kinds of Job Printing, | on reasonable terms. We are prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata logues, Posters, large or small. Cards, Dull i Tickets. Bill Heads, Blanks of every descrip- | I tion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace, Constables, fcc. j " = THE CITIZEN! 23 OOK A n r> JOB OFFICE IS NOW IN OPERATION! --^ >----— ALL HINDS OF BLANKS PRINTED ONI SHORT NOTICE AND INI THE AT THE ■ f LOWEST RATES, (N IYF US A CALL AND WE WILL Gl'AR X aiitoe entire satisfaction. PO® A: 18AUI)TAt'. TTM. M. M .\ KX B K • | - 0* K UW'AKDS. WAA8SI h imiK, CASH DE.iE.EBS IN sxa p ilx m ® fm®n Groceries and Provisions. AX.SO RECEITIiG and 1'OIUVIUDIXL MERCHANTS, Des Aro, Arkansas. 11IIE highest market price paid for Wheat, - Dry Hides, and all country produce. -*• Agents for tlie sale of Monuments, Tombstones and every description ot Stone work. WARNER. & EDWARDS. J)cs Ire, February "S, ISM.—Gin R. G, GILL, 4. «. GILL, GI LL & BEG., Des A.rc/ Ark., DEALERS IN STAPLE and FANCY DRY GOODS, Reidy-Made Clothing, Hats,; CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, Hardware, Hollow Ware, Qneensnare, &<r. \ I.SO, KEEP A FUEL SUPPLY OF Fam xx ily Groceries and PLANTATION SUPPLIES constantly on hand. Will pay the highest market price for Cot ton, Dry Hides and Produce of all kinds. m. SHETTEIi. BLACKSMITH ATSTl) WAGON MAKER, j gw §tt, Atitaussts. j Having fitted up my shop, I can now be found at the old stand, ready to do all kinds of work in my line. Those having B Ij l C Hi SIM IT II IMG OR WACOM WORK TO BE DOME, ('an be assured that I can, and will do it in I the best possible manner. mnrS DBS. LAME & BCRME1T, gWsidnit fligsiaaits HTTIIGS-ISOIVS, OFFER their services to the citizens anil vicinity, in tlie various branches of their professions. Office at Rtirncy & lire's Drug Store. iuar8-ly L. L.' CEOSS’ JlmiU's illttff, glvluutsa.i A Aai ietv ol PHOTOGRAPHIC A VI PAYS and tUU JIS alw ays >11 hand, ,nar8-tf L. h. CROSS. DEV ALL’S BLUFF, ARK. \\71I0 WANTS A GOOD DRINK OF V> FINE LIQUOR!! i»»> » now belli ml tlie counter ol tnc BEST SAIiODN In the place, ready to hand nut to all desiring it, (lie Finest Ltqvors that tlie market affords. No humbug! Give Tom a call, and if you love good tilings, you will be satisfied, marl7-iim CARR & GAhhAGIIhlt. SOL. F. CLARK* SAM. W. WILLIAMS. JOE W. MARTIN, CLARE WILLIAMS & MARTIN, Attorneys at Law, LITTLE RUCK, A Si IA A !A S A Si. \A7ir.L practice in all the Courts, prosecute V Cl..;n.a .-.f all L-inilv; cullopr flolllsi. 3111(1 act as Rfid'J'htute uwl deucru! .4units. OrKici:—Markham Street, near State House. april28-tf WM- T- JONES AttQ%m&t At BROWNSVILLE, ARKANSAS. WILL praetiee in the counties of Pulaski. Prairie, Monroe, Woodruff. Jackson and White Prompt attention given to the colleo* tion of claims. aprl4-ly MEMPHIS, WHITE AKU :,2T T'BsE REI> RIVER PACKET, JUSTICE, ABXKft BAIltD, - - - Captain. Wm. L Ely, - - - Clerk. a rrr*!jH. "i SHIPPERS and travel J^Ii^^,ers can rely on this packet, ns remaining permanently in the trade during the entire season. For freight or passage, apply on board. feb‘2 - RErTL aR ST.T.OI IS & WHITE RIVER PACKET, .T. S. 3IcCUNE. JAS. H. DUFFER, - - Master ! rl :-;-rrn, -I THIS swift and elegant ! JgggHS^Ldeamer will ply regularly during the season, between St. Louis and j Jaoksonport, stopping at all way landings, i Particular attention paid to orders sent for igoods. ALLEN & GHA\ ES, marl 7- A8en,s LOVE THE OLD. BY L. VIRGINIA FRENCH. i love tlie old, to lean beside Tlie antique, easy ebair, And pass my fingers softly o'er A wreath of silvered luiir; To pro's my glowing lip upon The furrowed brow, and gaze Within the sunken eye, whore dwells The “light of other days.” To fold the pale and feehle hand That on my youthful head, Has lain so tenderly, the while The evening prayer was said. To nestle down close to the heart, Ami marvel how it held Such terms of legendary lore, The chronicles of Eld. Oh ! Youth, thou hast so much of joy, So much of life, and love. So many hopes—Age has but one, The hope of bliss jthove. Turn awhile from these away To cheer the old, and bless The wasted heart-strings with a stream Of gushing tenderness. Thou freadest now a patli of bloom. And thine exulting soul Springs proudly on, as tho" it mock'd At Time's unfelt control. l’.ut they have marched a weary way, Upon a thorny road • Then soothe the toil-worn spirits, ere They pass away to God. Yes, love the aged—bow before The venerable form, So soon to seek beyond the sky A shelter from the storm. Aye. love them ; let thy silent heart With reverence untold: As pilgrims very near to heaven, Regard and love the old. -I-♦ i-——— THE RIGHTS OF CITIZENS. lfon. Jeremiah S. Black on Military . Trials of Civilians. The Memphis Appeal says, wc extract the following important passage from the able argument of Hon. Jeremiah 3*13lack. c ' ! before the United States supreme court in the ease ot the “Indiana conspirators:” 1 do not assert that the jury trial is an infallible mode of ascertaining the truth. Like everything human, it has imperfec tions. I only say that it is the best pro tection for innocence and the surest mode I of punishing guilt that lias yet been dis covered. It has borne the test of a longer experience, and borne it better than any , other legal institution that ever existed among men England owes more of her freedom, her grandeur and her prosperity to that, than to all other causes put to gether. It has had the approbation not j not only of those who lived tinder it, but of great thinkers who looked at it calmly ; from a distance. Montesquieu and l)o tocqucvillc speak of it with an admiration as rapturous as Coke and Blackstoue. Within the present century the most en lightened states of eshhnental Europe have transplanted it into their countries; and no people ever adopted it once and were afterwards willing to part with it It was only in 13J30 that an interference with it! in Belgium provoked a successful insurrec tion which permanently divided one king dom into two. In the same year, the rev olution of the Barricades gave the right of j ini by juty to every Frenchman. Those colonics of this country who came from the British Islands brought this institution with them, and they re-1 gard it as the most precious part of their inheritance. The immigrants from other I places where trial by jury did not exist became'equally attached to it as soon as j they understood what it was. There was j no subject upon which aH the inhabitants of the country were more perfectly unan imous than they were in their deteruiwia In inn’intaiii tii 10 osnni I'livkt mi till. 1 No ex post facto law shall be passed. No man shall be answerable criminally for any act which was not defined and made punishable as crime by some law in force at tlie time whcu the act was done 2. For an act which is criminal he can not be arrested without a judicial warrant founded on proof of probable cause. He shall not be kidrfapped and shut up on the mere report of some base spy who gathers the materials of a false accusation by crawling into his house and listening at the keyhole of his chamber doer. 3. Ho shall not be compelled to testify against himself. He may be examined before he is committed, and tell bis own story if he pleases: but the .ck shall be put out of sight., and even his conscience shall not be tortured; nor shall his unpub lished papers be used against him, as was done most wrongfully in the case of Alger non Sydney. 4. lie.shall be entitled to a speedy trial; not kept in prison for an indefinite time without the opportunity of vindicating his innocence. 5. lie shall be informed of the accusa tion. its nature and grounds. The public accuser must put the charge into the form of a legal indictment, so that the party can meet it full iu the face. 6. Even to the indictment he need not answer unless a grand jury, alter hearing the evidence, shall say upon their oaths that they believe it to be true. 7 Then conies the trial, and it must be before a regular court, of competent juris d ction, ordained and established for the state ami district in which the crime was committed; and this shall not be evaded by a legislative change in the district after the crime is alleged to be done. 8. ills guilt or innocence shall be de termined by an impartial jury. These English words are to bo understood in their English sense, as they mean that the jurors shall he fairly selected by a sworn officer from among the peers of the party, residing within the Ideal jurisdiction of the court. When they are called in to the box he can purge the panel of all dishonesty, prejudice, personal enmity anti ignorance by a certain number of peremtory chal lenges, and as many more challenges as he can sustain by showing reasonable cause. 9. The trial shall he public and open, that no underhand advantage might he ta ken. The party shall be confronted with the witnesses against him, have compulso ry process for his ow'n witnesses, and be entitled to the assistance of counsel in his defense. 10. After the evidence is heard and dis cussed, unless the jury shall, upon their oaths, unanimously agree to surrender him up into the hands of the court as a guilty man, not a hair of his head can be touched by way of punishment. 11 After a verdict of guilty he is still protected No cruel or unusual punish ment shall be inflicted, nor any punish ment at all, except ivliat is annexed by the law to his offense. It cannot be doubted for a moment that if a person convicted of an offense not capital were to be hung on the order of a judge, such judge would be guilty of murder as plainly as if lie should come down from the bench, tuck up the sleeves of his gown, and let out the prison er’s blood with his own hand. 12. After all is over, the law continues 1 to spread its guardianship around him — Whether lie is acquitted or condemned, he [ shall never again be molested for that of- j fense. No man shall be twice put in jeo nnrdv of life or limb for the same cause These rules apply to all criminal prose cutions. But, in addition to these, certain special regulations.jYtsjo. required for trea son—the one great political charge under which more innocent men have fallen than any other. A tyrannical government calls everybody a traitor who shows the least unwillingness to be a slave. The party in power never fails, when it can, to stretch the law on that subject by construction, so ! as to cover its honest and conscientious op ponent In the absence of a constitution al provision it was justly feared that stat- j utes might he passed which would put the lives'of the most patriotic citizens at the mercy of the basest minions that skulk un der the pay of the executive. Therefore a definition to treason was given iu the fundamental law, and the legislative au thority could not enlarge it to serve the purpose of partisan malice. The crime was also described, so that prejudice and . enmity might have no share in the convic tion. And lastly, the punishment was so limited that the property of the party could not be confiscated and used to reward the agents and persecutors, or strip his family of their substance. If these provisions exist in full force, unchangeable and irrepealable, then we are not hereditary bondsmen. Every citi zen may safely pursue his lawful calling in the open day; and at night, if he is con scious of innocence, he may lie down in security and sleep the sound sleep of a tree man. I say they arc in force, and they will re main iu force. We have not surrendered them, and we never will. If the worst comes to the worst we will look to the liv ing God for his His help, and defend our rights and the rights of our children to the last extremity. Those men who think we can be subjugated and abjeeted to the condition of mere slaves are wholly mista ken. The great race to which we belong has not degenerated so fatally, paired. An attempt was made to set it aside and sqfcstitute military trials iu its place, uy ijoru lmnmore or vtrginia, ana General Gage, in Massachusetts, accompa nied with the excuse which has been re peated so often in late days, namely, that rebellion had made it necessary; but it excited intense anger, and every colony from New Hampshire to Georgia made common cause with the two whose rights had been especially invaded. Subsequent ly the continental congress thundered it into the ear of the world, as an eud arable outrage, sufficient to justify uni 'orsal in surrection against the authority of the government which hal allowed it to be done. If the men who had fought out our revolutionary contest, when they came to frame a government for themselves and their posterity, had failed to insert a pro vision making the trial by jury perpetual and universal, they would have covered themselves all over with infamy as with a garment; for they would have proved themselves basely recreant to the princi ples of that very liberty of which they pro fessed to be the special champions. But they were guilty of no such treachery. They not only took care of the trial by jury, hut they regulated every step to be taken in a criminal trial. They knew very well that no people could he free un der a government which had the power to punish without restraint. Hamilton ex pressed in the Federalist the universal sentiment of his time, when he said that the arbitary power of conviction and pun ishment for pretended offenses had been the great engine of despotism in all ages and all countries. The existence of such a power is utterly incompatible with free dom. The difference between a master and Ills slave consists only in this: that the master holds the lash in his hands, and he may use it without legal restraint, while the naked back of the slave is bound to take whatever is laid on it. But our fathers were not absurd enough to put unlimited power in the hands of the ruler and take away the protection of law from the rights of individuals. It was not thus that they meant l<to secure the bless ings of liberty to themselves and their posterity.” They determined that not one drop of the blood which has been shed on the other side of the Atlantic, during sev-! on centuries of contest with arbitrary pow er, should sink into the ground; but the' fruits of every popular victory should be garncrod up in this new government. Of all the great rights already won they threw not anatom away. They went over mag-1 mi eharta, the petition of right, the bill of1 rights, uud the rules of common law, and whatever was found there to favor individ ual liberty they carefully inserted in their own system, improved by clearer expres sion, strengthened by heavier sanctions} and extended by a more universal applica tion. They put all those provisions into the organic law, so that neither tyranny in the executive, nor party rage in the legis lature pould change them without destroy ing the government itself. Look for a moment at the particulars and sec how carefully everything connect ed with the administration of punitive jus tice is guarded. -1 Q > The Founder of Methodism in America.—The year 18GG marks an im portant epoch in the history of the Meth odist Episcopal Church in America; for it looks back upog the first centnry of its ex istence in this country—a century of ex is innnA rwl fnkm> llllViniV nrh’/tll fllllO t Vi A ! congregation of live persons, whom Philip Embury, an Irishman, its founder, gather- j od in his own house in New York, 17GG. has grow n to an aggregate numbered by hundreds of thousands, scattered over the whole of North America; and the first, con ference, of 1773, with its ten preachers, has multiplied to sixty conferences, with 6841 itinerant and 8405 ’local preachers. After a life of severe labor as a preach er, Embury, who was born in Limerick, Ireland, in 1748, died suddenly in 1775, and was hurried at Ashgrove, Washington county, New York, where ho then resided. It was arranged some time ago that dur ing the recent session of Troy Methodist Episcopal Conference, the remains of Em bury should be transferred from the ob scure location whero they have lain and peposited in the new Woodland cemetery, recently opened in the town of Cambridge, Washington county. Last Friday after noon witnessed this ceremony, and two hundred ministers in attendance at the conference, with a large number of villa gers, followed to a new grave the relics of their great pioneer, and with solemn rites recommitted them to mother earth. Rev. Bishops Janes officiated, assisted by several prominent clergymen of the denomination. NEW rUEYT SERMON. Of all the rich p,.oes of absurdity which have ever come under our notice, the following is the cap-sheaf: ity Hearers: 1 shall draw forth the horns of my argument from the following hymn: This world is all a fleetin’ show, To man’s illusion given ; Never aspire where you can’t set, Or to the airth you’ll fall. I agree with the tavern keeper, who said, when the circus company sloped without pay ing him for grub and grog, “this world is all a fleetin’ show,” and i also side with the hun gry man, who cried out in the bustin agony of his heart, when he saw a cooked pig’s head aninlrin in mfl.«*in ln.nlorn tlmf it. i« for “man’s illusion given!'’ My friends, you wrap your feelins around the rotten things of this world, even as monkey’s do their tails around the unsound limbs of old trees. Wheu you got high up, you find your honey beo hol ler, turns out to be a hornets nest, and when those little Hyin Helzobubs commence pokiu their sharp pinted snouts deep into your car cass, you wriggle about like an cel in a t'ryin , pan, your tail gets untwisted, or the limb breaks, that you have grabbed as tight as a leather sucker does a brickbat, and you fall, eowhallop, upon the broken glass bottles, which are always strewed under the pi sen Upas tree of pleasure! Oh, the vanity’ of de sirin the slippery’paths of this aivth!—You run after eta, you pant, you blow, the parspi ratiou runs down you like soapsuds in a wash iu machine, your body is covered over with the prickly heat of anxiety, and your feet with the soft corns of cure and disappoint ment. And what are all these sutferius for ? What makes your nose bleed, and what makes your blood bile like hot pitch at a tar gather iu? Why, you’ve been running after thegreat shoat of Mammon ! His tail lias been clipped in Satan's lard kittle, and wheu you think you've got him foul—when you’ve poured the ashes of vexation on your palms, when you’ve dipped your fingers into t' o saucl and glue of experience and wisdom, so that they'll stick fast and no mistake, the cussed critter gives a grunt, like the bustin of a bladder, and his tail slips through your paws like geese-greased lightnin 1 Oh, my beloved hearers ! how aw ful is your situation in that pertiekuler time ! You see the hog you’ve been runnin after all your born days way on ever so far ahead, and y ou’re ever so ditto behind. All your precau tions have come to what hickory wood will in the winter time, smoke! Your trousers are split, your shirt’s dirty, and your oyes are streaming liko two lie-hoppers on a rainy day! Your head aches-and you feel the sea-turtles and canvas-barks rootin straight into your skull.—The lleas of despondency bite you through the day, nnd bed bugs of conscience, ns big ns sheep, keep you front sleep at night. You’re worse than a man with his hands tied lyin naked in a bayou, without a musketo bar! Out of remorse springs just about ten millions of musketocs, with comic stookins on their legs, and augurs in their mouths, all bu rin strait through and through your body and fillin up the holes with cow-itch nnd skunk's cologne Your-situation is too numerous to mention. The molasses hogsheads of gener osity and good feeliu is staved in, nnd ther sweet stream of kindness and humanity in nilxin with the tar, dead dogs add drunketr niggers, lyln about on the street of vice and immorality. The Mississippi of love is nt low water, the steamboat of prayer and tbe broad horn of faith, both laden with a rich cargo for the country above, git oritelly snagged on the logs of despair, and both sink deep into the yaller mud of sin I The catfishcs of hell, which are born in the bilin spring of intem peranoo, float round your brains, and tho screech owls of sorrow act ‘hoohooing’ in the henroost of your hearts. You're deserted and despised—you’re-no more use to the world than n pair of goggles are to ft stone blind man, and you’re no more use to yourselves than a problem of Euclid is to a nigger baby! And now, my brethren, I'll take a drink, (for my throat is as dry as a wet chemise which has boen in a hot sun for three days.) and then I'll tell you how you can turn the mill stream of this world right slap on the wheel of life, so as to grind the grain of the spirit so fine, that, it’ll make dough nuts fit for angels to cli.aw! My Iamb-like hearers ’ I will now tell you how you con come in at the groat shoep-shcar iti oti the judgement day, how you can sleep in peace and quietness on tbo cloan straw of the grave, ana how yon can fill your stomach through life with the tender young grass of joy, nnd tho cool silver water'of thankfulness. In the first place ncyor put out your arms fur ther than you can draw (hem In again without getting scorched. If you do, Jtidkin’s burn ointment won t save you ! Be content, with the fodder you have gathered in the field of honesty, nnd never try to steal your neighbor’s, because his eyes ain’t quite as sharp as yourn. I don’t, mean to say that you must let his hogs root into your worldly interest—no, no, drive them out quietly but let him see that there’s no hole in your fence of common sense, through winch they may creep. Never aspire to things above your reach, apil if you’re livin on the first floor of poverty, don’t try to dan gle your shanks out of the third story window, of pride. There’s a good deal of happiness in: this world, but, like picked blackberries, you must be careful not to get the thorns into your hand whilo gatherin them. Like young squirrels, always lay up nuts in the summer and autumn of plenty, for tho season when: you find icicles cloggin around yourheart, and on your unprotected sealp. Don’t be so stin gy that, you’re afeard to breathe, because it wears out, your lungs; but roeolleet that mon ey is like umbrellas, it always comes in use pa ii rainy day. This earth is as lovely as a clean shaved Mart, or a newly painted cluirch, and its your own fault if the razor is full of gaps, or the whitewash ditto of dirt and horsehair. It’s like a stone pavement cov ered with sleet ;.3 also, you must put the hob nails of prudence, and the carpet tacks 6f ob servation, with the oonds downwards, in the illicit hoots of y6ur conduct, in order to pro vent your getting your heads bumped, and your shins .bruised upon the frozen earth. My hearers, don't go to sleep yet—a little more and l shall have done, as the boy said to his mother. Conform to all that I have said, and you'll be ns happy as pigs while eating rum cher ries. Your hearts will bo as clean as ababy's head, after it has been washed in warm water and castile soap, and your eyes will glisten with gladness, like tin pans in the sunshine. If the storm of affliction comes and wets your heart through and through, why you can put it out agin upon tho rainbow of your promise, and when all's over—when you shake off the fleas of mortality from your hides, you'll find a bran now crown, made just to your size, hanging up on a peg, in the hat shop of lu avoti! BUStlN BAIH3BONES. Tki-liwo Motukh.—A cluster of young girls stood about the door of the school-room one afternoon, engaged in close conversation, when a little ^irl joined them and asked what they were doing. ‘I am telling the girls it secret, Kate, and we will let you jtnow, if you will promise not to tell any one as long as you live, was the reply.’ ‘I wont tell any one but my mother,’' rv plied Kate, ‘I tell her everything, for situ is my best friend.’ •So not even your mother, no one in tho world.’ Well, (lien 1 can t hear it; tor what ?! can t tell mother, is not fit for me to know.’ ^ After speaking the wonU, Kato walked away slowly, and perhaps sadly, yet with a quiet conscience, while her companions went on with their seoret conversation. I am sure if Kale continued to act on that principle, she became a virtuous,useful woman. No child will be likely to take a sinful courses if Kate’s reply is taken for a rule of conduct. Mmtert or Women'.—An exchange says there is a feature in young ladies’ dress that has pu/./,led mans—what is the sigpificuntc of wearing long ends of ribbon round the neck? When they wear ends hanging in front, it means that “the lady is marrried;” over the right shoulder, that “she is engaged;” over the left shoulder, “that she has a fellow coin ing to see her, but is not engaged;” down tho back, means, “boys, come on, I want a beau !” If she does not wear any, it means “she is en gaged,” and don’t want to have anything to do with any other fellow. Modesty.—There is a resistless charm in a modest demeanor, which is worth more than all the arts with which designing women seek to captivate tho opposite sex. Meretricious attractions may chance to please to-day, but native excellence, with the simple setting of modesty will delight to-morrow and next day, and so on, without interruption. Moreover, the pleasure which we derive from spurious or shallow charms is almost certainly follewed by disgust when we come to see that wo have been imposed upon. It is not agreeable to us to know and feel that we have been cheated. The old paradox about “beauty unadorned” has much truth in it, -If you want an ignoramus to respect | you, “dress to death,” and wear watch-seals i about the size of a brickbat,