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E. H. POE, Proprietor. VOLUME 1. IDES AEC, AJJK., .J l,'Ts’E 16, 1866. _NIJMBEB17.' rfiie I>es -A_i*c Citizen. TERMS—$3 50 PER ANNUM PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. RITES OF ADVERTISING. Ouc square (10 lines nf this size type) for one insertion, $1; each additional insertion, "5 cents. —T~ " [ | in. | 2 in. | 3 in. | 0 m. |l year. fSauare OUiS'J 00 $12 00 §20 00 0 squares 0 00 0 00 11 00 14 00 25 00 ; Onuares 0 00 11 00 13 00 17 00 30 00 1 Column’ 11 00 13 00 10 00 20 00 40 00 4 Column,’ 13 00 16 00 18 00 25 00 50 00 1 n“iumn 10 00 18 00 22 00 30 00 00 00 1 Column, 10 00 21 00 27 00 35 00 70 00 Advertisers by the year will be restricted to their legitimate business. Personal communications charged double the rates of regular advertisements. Legal advertisements *511 be charged, for one square or less, first insertion $1, and 75 cents per square for each additional insertion. Announcing candidates for State and Dis trict offices, S7; County offices, $5; Township offices, 3; invariably in advance. Calls on persons to become candidates are charged the usual rates, except when persons making the calls are subscribers to our paper. Payment in advance. Advertisements not ordered for a specified time, will be inserted till forbidden, and charged for accordingly. All advertising to be paid for quarterly. Our Jolt Printing Department. We have supplied ourselves with a good assortment, of Printing Material and are ready to execute all kinds of Job Printing, on reasonable terms. We arc prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata logues, Posters, large or small, Cards, Hall Tickets, Hill Heads, Blanks of every descrip tion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace, Constables, &c. 'the CITIZEN 33 OOK A n n JOB OFFICE IS NOW IN OPERATION! ALL KINDS OF BLANKS PRINTED ON SHORT NOTICE AND IN THE gcst ^tnleofArt AT THE LOWEST rates, irn SMI. •-♦ » ♦--— /''HVF US A CALL AND WE WILL GUAR 'X antee entire satisfaction. ._FOB & BALDING. M. WARNER. A. 0. EDWARDS. W®8$® & g«A®®S, CASH OIMLEKS IS STAPLE; AND FANCY Groceries and Provisions. ALSO RECEIVING and FORWARDING MERCHANTS, Des Arc, Arkansas. *pDE highest market price paid for Wheat, A- Dry Hides, and *11 country produce. --Agents for the sale of Monuments, "tnbstones and every description of Stnnc *""'k- WARNER & EDWARDS. £*es Arc, February i!8, 1866.—6m R. n. niu, ,t. o. oii.l, GILL & B 11 0., Des A.rc; Ark., DEALERS IN STAPLE and FANCY DRY GOODS, Ready-Made Clothing, Hats, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, Hardware, Hollow Ware, Queensware, &c. Also, keep a Full supply of Fam ily Groceries and PLANTATION SUPPLIES constantly on hand. Will pay the highest market price for Cot ton, Dry Hides and Produce of all kinds. M. SHETTER, I3LA.CKSMITI-I AND WAGON MAKER, . s §,uf Having fitted up my shop, I can now be found the old stand, ready fo do all sSJ&AYSks kinds of work in my line. Those having BEACKSMITHING OR WAGON WORK TO BE BONE, Can be assured that 1 can, and will do it in the best possible manner. tnarS BBS. LANE & BURNEY, ftesident -A N I)- y SURGEONS, tii OFFER their services to the citizens and vicinity, in the various branches of their professions. Office at Burney & Bro’s Drug Store. mar8-ly ' L. L. CROSS’ PHOTOGRAPH ROOMS, D trail's gjtuff. fjndittnsits. A Variety of PIIOTOGR CPIIIC A VIEWS and AGBCMS always on hand. mar8-tf L. L. CROSS. DETAIL’S BLUFF, ABE. WHO WANTS A GOOD DRINK OF FINE LIQUOR!! is now behind the counter of the BEST SALOON In the place, ready to hand out to all desiring it, the Finest Liquors that the market affords. No humbug! Give Tom a call, and if you love good things, you will he satisfied. mnrl7-8m CAllR & GALLAGHER. 80L. )T. CLARK- SAM. W. WILLIAMS. JOK. W. MARTIN. CLARK, WILLIAMS & MARTIN, Attorneys at Law, LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS. WILL practice in all the Courts, prosecute Claims of all kinds, collect debts, and act as Ileal Estate ami General Agents. Offick—Markham Street, near State House. april28-tf WM- T- JONES, AVtW&WX AT 141,, BROWNSVILLE, ARKANSAS. WILL practice in the counties of Pulaski, Prairie, Monroe, Woodruff, Jackson and White Prompt attention given to the collec tion of claims. aprt4-ly MEMPHIS, WHITE AND EIT TLE RED RIVER PACKET, JUSTICE, ABNER BAIRD, - - - Captain. Wm. L. Ely, - Clerk. AJjak —i SHIPPERS and travel can rely on this packet, as remaining permanently in the trade during the entire season. For freight or passage, apply on board. feb28 REGITEAR ST. LOUS & WHITE RIVER PACKET, .T. S. McCUNE. JAS. II. DUFFER, - - Master (LNH. —i THIS swift and elegant JiSr earner will ply regularly during the season, between St. Louis and Jackson port, stopping at all way landings. Particular attention paid to orders sent lor goods. ALLEN & GRAVES, i jnarIT' Agents. HERETOFORE. Fresh are the roses of to-day, With hues that match the sunset's glow. Hut sweeter, dearer far than they Are flowers that withered long ago ; Young flowers that graced a radiant shoro Washed by the waves of Heretofore, Take back this tome with gilded leaves The work of one by woe untaught; The soul of constancy that grieves Within can find no room for thought ; 1 love nlonc to ponder o’er The blotted scroll of Heretofore. Names written on that record dim, And stained with unavailing tears; While airy visions round me swim, liring back the.joys of other years: And beams, outshining noontide, pour Through the torn clouds of Heretofore. Discordant to my mood of mind IS music of the present hour, For only in the past 1 find A voice that hath the spell of power—. A voice that Wakes to life once more The buried forms of Heretofore. I Ibve the home so glad of old, Though damp and mouldy now its walls, And converse sweet with phantom hold And glide at midnight through its halls For they are wanderers from the shoro Of thy dim realms, oh, Heretofore ! Kind looks, as slowty they depart, On me the wan procession cast, For well they know that one poor heart Keeps a green remembrance of the past-— A heart that trembles to its core, When sung the songs of Heretofore. I lore old’ daks that feebly wave, And weeds that hide a ruined hearth ; Pale moss upon a sunken grave, And every crumbling wreck of earth ; For they are teachers of a lore That lends a charm to Heretofore. cast do"wtthoiit a paper. /'Wliat! do without ft paper! No. I’ve tried it to my sorrow : i So, to subscribe.for one I’ll go isur wan. umn to-morrow, j Should lovers hang or drown tlicmsclves, Or other foolish caper, I never get to hear of it— If 1 do not take the paper! Why, there's my neighbor, Toby Scott, lie always reads the news, And, having news to talk about, He never gets the “blues:” While others yawn in ennui, His mind is light as vapor, The cause is plain to half an eye— He always lakes the paper! While neighbor Scott hears all the news, Anti knows each current price, And always minds the lrs and Q's, lly taking good advice, I cannot tell the price of grain. Of poultry, coffee, taper, Or any kind of merchandise— Because 1 take no paper! Though T have studies which require, Much time and mental labor, Yet 1 can spare a little time As well as Scott, my neighbor: Though time be precious, I can use A longer midnight taper, And thus find time to read the news—■ There I’ll take the paper! IS RACE AN ACCIDENT? We hear a great deal said by radicals about the injustice of making “the acci dental hue of a man’s complexion his qualification for the exercise of political power,”—and some who chatter on this subject pronounce it absurd to do so— that is, in plain English, to refuse suf frage to the negro because of the complex ion of his skin. This looseness of lan guage is indicative of the looseness of thought and of ideas of the people who use it in connection with giving to the ig norant, brain-dwarfed negro, equal politi cal privileges with those which are the legitimate property of the Caucasian white man. We say looseness of language, be cause mere complexion lias not excluded men, in the southern States, Irom the suffrage privilege at all. Moreover, the hue of a negroes’ skin is in no way an ac cident—but one of the immutable, deter minate operations of Nature, by no means the most marked of radical differences that have set him apart, from the outset of hu man history, as of entirely a different and inferior order of the human genus to that of the white. Indo-European, and his offspring. Those who talk thus of the disfranchising effects of color, forget that it is blood, not color, that has settled this question, in the southern states; and per sons (juite as white as Senators Sumner and Wilson, have, consequently, been ex cluded from the jealously guarded, and valued privileges of the white man, be cause it was known that negro blood mingled in their veins. And this blood distinction can through all the laws just as the Deity has asserted it, in the minutest possible ways, down to a peculiar charac teristic discoloration of the finger nails. The black complexion in the Divine econ omy, is but the exterior badge of an infe rior, coarse, human organization, physical and intellectual. To the African, of the negro ty pe, yvas assigned—not accidental ly. at all, but as a part of the All-yviso order of the creation—a -black skin, of coarse, thick texture, crisp woolly hair surmounting a head and brain altogether distinct, in all its characteristics, from those of the yvhitc man. Differently formed bones and muscles, arms and fin ger-nails, legs and feet, as well as mental parts, were given, also, to the negro from those that the Almighty for His inscruta ble ends, bestowed upon the white man in so rich a measure. And those who prate of the injustice of human society to the negro, do it in sheer disregard of common sense, if not common honesty of purpose. Many are knaves who do so, some arc blind, infatuated, one-idea enthusiasts, the rest a mass of self sufficient, shallow pated, ignorant men and women, ever ready to concern themselves with the remote, rath er than their own immediate social and domestic duties—not to speak of abundant evils just under their noses! Hut we fear there is no hope for us, for relief from these people, or from their perpetual agi tation and din about negro suffrage. We may as well resign' ourselves to it as an ever-welling source of disturbance in our industrial system, an ever present irritant, or apple of discord—and a clog and ob struction upon all efforts to rehabilitate the country. Men whose leaders and scnsc-bearers in the discussion of questions of the highest political significance, affecting the political life and social order of millions of the white race, can speak of the accidental bearing of a mere black skin in controlling the result, will never heed reason, or any thing else, save the impulse of their preju dices and the teachings of their knavish demagogues. Slavery has been abolished, but that has in no way diminished the ag itation or silenced the voice of one aboli tionist !' At present the Southern people are helpless; they must endure as patient ly as possible; recollecting that man pro poses but God disposes. What Ilis pur poses arc We know not, in any wide scofiej but we do know that He set impassable barriers between the negro and the white race—as distinctly marked to-day as in the dawn of creation—that have made the former subordinate in all human relations, and we will not be lured or forced to es tablish an unnatural equality of the two races, among us. Upon this the Southern people arc resolved! And yet, they arc convinced, they are the true friends of the Blacks; those who, if left alone, would do most to give the negroes that degree of social and educational culture, and that scope of civilization, for which they are fitted by Nature. They believe, sincerely, on the other hand, the professed friends of the Negro are those who are compassing his inevitable annihilation as an element of civilized society.—[Memphis Appeal. --- I .— Singular Accident in Buffalo. From the Buffalo Courier. ] A most singular accident occurred Sat urday evening, in the brick dwelling-house No. 22 Ellicott street. A Mr. Bancroft had moved into the house that day, lie having spent some two months in papering, painting, and otherwise reparing it. Sat urday evening, about 9 o,clock, the house hold were on the point of retiring for the night. A very strong smell of gaas had been noticed, and became unendurable. Mr- B. started with a candle to find out if possible, where the leak was situated. He had looked through the rooms up stairs, and had taken one step down when he was sudenly surrounded by flames. The buil ding began to shake violently. Mr B. and wife rushed into the kitchen. The servant girl, who was in her room at the back of the rear extension of tiro building in the second story, was forced out of it and down stairs into the kitchen also. How she got down she does not know. She says a strong force seemed to push her out of the room, first accomodatingly bursting the door open. The first thought of the three in the kitchen was to get out of the house, but the back dooi' was locked, and the ser vant fortunately could not find the key Fortunately, for in a moment more the whole wall of the upper story fell out into the yard, making an immense pile of brick, mortar, etc , which would have inevitably .1. . j ii._i_i J.... V/lUOlIvU UI1V1U ilULi IJUWVOVWUU *u Uii locking the door. The front wall of the house was also flinch shattered, being pressed out by the force of the explosion. No one, strange to say, was in the least injured. The cause of the explosion was in the front parlor, where a gas-fitter had been arranging for a new fixture, and had care lessly left the pipe unstopped, so that the house was literally filled with gas. It is very singular that while the leak was in the front room down stairs, the greatest force of the explosion seemed to be in the back rooms upstairs, where, as we said, the whole wall was forced into the yard. The fact that the back extension was newly built, and that the walls were not well sea soned is the only explanation that we have heard. There is a fine opportunity for scientific men to study the phenomenon. The flames were extinguished in a few minutes, and did but little damage. It will require §1,500 at the least to repair the building, liather discouraging for a gentleman who has just fitted up a new house. Hut the family have such cause for thankfulness in their escape from death, that we presume the pecuniary loss is scarce ly lamented. -The use of the comma is sometimes im portant. At a banquet ibis toast was given : "Woman—without her, man is a brute.” It was printed: '“Woman, without her man is a brute,” Some Things Tn at Do Not “Pat.”—It is a common tiling, among business men. to say, “it doesn’t pay.” Ask a merchant., for exam ple, why he will not send a carg'9 to n certain port, and his answer is, “it doesn’t pay.” In quire of a manufacturer why he makes a floor, cheap article, and his reply will be that the public does not patronize a higher-priced one, and that to produce it, therefore “Would not Pay-”. We have often thought, that there were other things that “did not pay.” A man who lias made a little money begins to think it time that he should “get into society,” as the cant phrase goes. His wife is often only too ready to accord with him. Their vanity instigates them to cultivate the acquaintance of a sot of fashionable idlers, who live chiefly for display, spend their entire incomes for their own self ish gratification, and affect to look down on the rest of the world. Accordingly our par venu buys a carriage, builds a fine house, or ders expensive furniture, gives extravagant, parties, cuts his poor relations, and toadies to these would-be-aristocrats. At last, perhaps, he and his wife gain admission into the exclu sive circle, but only to find that they are no happier than they were before. Oftener, however, the husband becomes bankrupt be fore his foothold is made good, through the spendthrift habits in which his silly ambition has involved him. In either event, does it pay? A young man meets a silly, selfish, gay, rattling, extravagant girl at a party. She has already become an adept in flirtation, nnd is excessively fond of admiration. Her fine eyes soon make a conquest of him. Probably after wasting unheard-of sums in boquets and other more costly gifts, ho ventures to propose, and is told, with feigned astonishment, that she never thought of him “except ns a friend,” Possibly he receives a favorable reply, espe cially if ho is good-looking and rich, or if the lady is growing old; but if he marries, lie soon discovers that a fashionable coquette makes but a sorry wife, and a still more worthless mother. In either case, docs it pay? A young lady makes the acquaintance of a plausible young gentleman. He has an ele gant moustache; wears lemon-colored gloves anil patent-leather boots ; and dances, ns she tells her confidant, “divinely.” She is soon “head over ears” in love with him. Her pa rents remonstrate in vain with her. They tell her he is idle, selfish, a spendthrift, per haps also a roue. She docs not bdieve awoVd of it. She looks upon herself as a heroine, ;i.nd on tinr ft.dnri>r n.n n. nnrKmitoil Inver A I. last slic elopes. A week of bliss is purchased by years of misery. She Wakes from her de lusion to find herself tied for life to one whom she loathes and despises. Does it pay? We might extend the catalogue. You give a dashing party, are praised for the fine supper, and settle the next day bills to a scandalous amount. You go to a great public ball, for which you have to buy your wife a new dress, and have a headache the next, day, caused by the villainous champagne you drank. You squander so much on a summer trip that you are pinching all the rest of the year. Does it pay? It would be bettor for everybody if they would look at things ns they are, and find be fore it is too late whether or not they will pay, Strange Freak of Nature.—Policeman P. Smith, who lives on the South side, has a little poodle dog, a great pet among his children. Some weeks since the dog took to the kennel which was provided for it, and could scarcely ever be induced to leave the warm nest. It was supposed he was sick, and every care was taken t>f him. On Thursday what was the surprise of the family to see the dog running about the house with two infantile ducks fol lowing after him, and he endeavoring to exer cise a parental care over them. It seems that Mr. Smith’s little boy had found the eggs and placed them in the kennel to feed the dog. In the warm nest, incubation had been the re sult, and the young ducks made their appear ance. The surprise of the dog at the result of his labors, and the job he has so success fully carried out is great, yet he seems to be aware of the great responsibility now devolved upon him, and watches with jealous care over his proteges. Woe be to the chicken or any other animal that comes near them while feeding. Of course, excellent care is taken that the litt.lo ones shall not want for the choicest delicacies. They seem to take the matter as all right, but, on some occasions, do not show that parental respect which they should, as they will frequently when nestling in the longhair of the dog, feel imbued with a spirit of mischief, and pull the hair severe ly with their beaks. Of course his dogship does not like this, but the rebuke administered is of a gentle nature. This singular trio can now be seen in Mr. Smith's yard on the South side.—[Milwaukie Wisconsin, May 29th. Influence of Femaj.e Society.—It is bet ter for you to pass an evening once or twice in a lady’s drawing-room, even though the conversation is slow, and you know the girl’s song by heart, tL.an in a club, tavern, or the pit of a theatre. All amusements of youth to WHICH Virtuous wouum arc o-uumicu, icijt on it, are deleterious in their nature. All men who avoid female society have dull percep tions, and aro stupid, or have gross tastes, and revolt against what is pure. Your club swaggerers, who arc sucking the butts of bil liard cues all night, call female insipid. Poe try is insipid to vokel; beauty has not charms for a blind man; music does not pleaso a poor beast who docs not know one tune from anoth er ; and as a true epicure is hardly ever tired of water sanchy and brown bread and butter, I protest I can sit for a whole night talking to a well-regulated, kindly woman, about her girl coming out, or her boy at college, and like the evening’s entertainment. One of the great benefits a man derives from woman’s society is, that he is bound to be respectful to them. The habit is of great good to your moral man, depend upon it. Our education makes of us the most eminently selfish men in the world. -It is not your dress, ladies, your expen sive shawl or golden fingers that attract the attention of men of sense ; they look beyond these. It is your character they study. If you arc trifling and loose in your conversa tion, no matter if you areas beautiful as an angel, you have no attractions for them. It | is the loveliness of your nature that wins and continues to retain t lie affections of the heart. Voting ladies sadly miss it who labor to im 1 pvove their outward looks while they bestow j not a thought on their minds. Fools may be I won by gew-gaws and fashionable, showy J dresses, but the wise and substantial arc nev i or caught by traps. Let modesty be your | dress. Use pleasant and agreeable language, ' and though you may not be courted by the fop, ; the good and truly great may linger in your J sU'ipp. A Kjch .Sermon.—Wliere is the man with the harp of a thousand strings ? ,, The following extract from a sermon will bo recognised at. a glance by some readers here, at home. It loses much of its humor because wo cannot put in print the peculiar sing-song stylo and appropriate gestures that accompany it: “My friends, Sir'makes the purticst young man in the world ugly-ah. And I tell you how I know-nh. I was coming up to church to-day, when I saw some men - in the road-ah, and thought one of them the purtiest young man 1 ever saw in my lil'e-ah. And as I drew nigh unto them, I discovered that they wero playing at marvels, and they all drew nigh unto a placo what they called taw, and they marvellcd-ah. And when ho marvelled he jumped up and Happed his hands like a roost er does his wings, and says—‘I wish I may be d-d if I liain’t fat-ah!’ And oh, my friends, then 1 thought that was the ugliest man 1 ever saw* in my life-all. And I opened my mouth and spake Unto him thus: says I, ‘young man, this is not the way to salva tion.’ And lie said, ‘look here old hoss if you had been salivated as bad as I was, you would not love to hear talk of salvation.’ And now, my friends,. if that yontig man said he was fat, he told a lie, for he was loan as that hungry looking sister over thar, that.s always praying so piously when the hat is Vic ing passed around-ah. And, rty friends, if that young man had not been blinded by sin, he never could a mist tick mo for an old lioss-ah. Artemus Ward on Naroleon’s Life of (Lesar.—I set up a spell by the kitchen fire rondin’ Napoleon’s Life of Ceosar. What a reckless old cuss ho was f Ctcsar made it lively for the boys in Gaul, didn’t he? He slewed one million of citizens, male and fe male—Gauls and Ganlusscs—and then he sold another million of ’em into slavery^ Ifc Con tinnered this stylo of things for if dm time, when lie was sassinated in lloliYo by sum high toned Homan genimen, led on by Mr. Brutus. When old Bruty inserted M’s knife into him, CtesffiT admitted that he tfas gone tip. His funeral was it great success, the house bein, crowded to its utmost capacity. Ten minutes 1 after the doors wero opeued the ushers hud to put up cards on which was printed, “Standin Room Only.” I went to bed at last. “And so,” 1 said, “tliou hast no car for sweet melo dy!” A silvery snore was my only answer. Betsy slept. Prentice vs. Brownlow.—Prentice's “lat est” on Brownlow contains the following: Brownlow has all the worst, qualities of the devil, but the latter, if he has any redeeming qualities, is, in comparison with the “parson,” a Christian gentleman. Brownlow is a rattle snake, with his rattles at the wrong end of him. lie is a hog, with the kink in his head instead of his tail. If bayonets bristle at him, ho can turn tho back of his neck and bristle back with interest. Wo have ground him until he is a ground-hog. Wo have hedged him until ho is a hedge-hog. He is a small man, but a great swine; ho may be a rich man, but he is a poor devil. He is “a porcupine rolled up the wrong way,” thus pricking himself to death with his own quills, The more he writes, the flatter lie gets, just as an adder’s head Hattons as he becomes fu rious. If his heart were not a salamander, it would long since have been consumed by tho hell-fire in his bosom". ---- An Eventful Career.—A Confederate sol dier has just returned homo after an absence' of lhore than four years in the servico of his country., He joined the regiment of Colonel, or now Major General Kershaw, in this State, subsequently changed his command, vlent td Virginia, was engaged in thirty-one battles, and one hundred and twen'ty-thre'e skirmish es, not including the “’rows” On picket: Was shot twice; returned to the field ; and iui tho geneaal smash up, while making his way home to South Carolina, wus captured and paroled. A Confedejute officer then pressed him and twenty others into service to guard a portion of the baggage truin of Ex-President Davis, in which service he was captured a second time. Found with a violated parol in his pocket, he was carried with his comrades to Hilton Head, where they were tried for their lives. The Military Court failing to agree* they were sent to New York, tried a second time, five of the number were ordord to be shot which sentence was carried into execution. The remainder were conveyed to a prison in Springfield Illinois, within sight of the home of Mr. Lincoln, and there remained until the term of their confinement expired. He has had four wives, all of whom are dead and, by each wife a pair of twins, whom he bad not seen until his return, since the beginning of the war.—[Columbia Carolinian, -The city editor of the Richmond (Indi ana) Telegram heralds the advent of a new fangled bonnet in that place thusly: Tub Latest.—The latest Eastern fashion for a bonnet appeared on Main street yester day. It consisted of two rye straws, tied to gether with a bine ribbon on the top of the head, and red tassels suspended at each of the four ends of the straws, It was a “love of a bonnetprice only nineteen dollars. Sensible advice.—If you would be happy when among good men, open your ears; when among bad men, shut them. It is not worth while to hear what your servants say when they are angry ; what your children say when they have slammed the door; what a beggar says whom you have turned out of doors ; what your neighbor says about your children ; what your rival says about yotlr busines or your dress. -A lawyer and doctor were disputing ltd other day about a bill a fellow owed ea6h of them, and so be left tlie matter to themsel^Cs who ought to have the money. ‘I oughtf'to liave the money as a matter of course,’ said the lawyer, ‘for I saved the fellow from going to the penitentiary.’ ‘Well,’ said the doctor, ‘I saved him from Ii—11.’ It is needless to add which one got the money. -‘A pair of pretty eyes,'said Coxcomb, ‘are the best mirrors to shave by.’ ‘\cs,’ re plied old Ilunx, the bachelor, ‘and I have known many a man shaved by them.’ -The latest invention !s*the “palpitating bosom,” for ladies, which gently “heaves” by the touch of an “emotional spring” concealed under the left arm. -A wise man will speak well of his i neighbor, love his wife and pay for his uews ^puper.