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— 11 1 ir ~ ~ ~ - -....i ... '. 1 "---'.rT 1 *- r •• • E. S. POE, Proprietor._ “VERITAS OMJNIPOTENS.” J. H. BALDING, Publisher, VOLUME 1. DES .AJtC, AJRK., JUIiY 38, i860. T DUMBER 33. . . . rfije Des jirc Citizen. TERMS—$3 50 PER ANNUM rAYARt.E IN ADVANCE. bites of advertising. Oue square (10 lines of this size type) for one insertion, $1 ; each additional insertion, 75 cents. I 1 iu. | 2 in | 3 in. | 0 in. |1 year 1 Square $3 uO $0 0" SO 00 $ 12 tii7 $20 (io «Squares, 6 00 9 00 11 00 14 00 26 00 8 Squares, 9 00 11 00 13 00 17 00 30 00 ; Column 11 00 13 00 If, 00 20 00 40 00 i Column, 13 00 16 00 18 00 25 00 50 00 ? Column’. 16 00 18 00 22 00 30 00 60 00 1 Column, 19 00 21 00 27 00 35 00 70 00 Advertisers by the year will be restricted to their legitimate business. Personal communications charged double tho rates of regular advertisements. Legal advertisements will be charged, for one square or less, first insertion $1, and 75 cents per square for each additional insertion. Advertisements not ordered for a specified !dme, will be inserted till forbidden, an^ charged for accordingly. All advertising due after second insertion. Our Job Printing Dcpariinrni. We have supplied ourselves with a good assortment of Printing Material and are ready to execute all kind* of Job Printing, on reasonable terms. lVc are prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata logues, Posters, large or small, Cards. Hall Tickets, Bill Heads, Blanks of every descrip tion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace, Constables, &c. [ THE l 13 NOW IN GHVF US A CAT U AND TV). WII.I, Ci l Alv r r.utee entire satisfaction. IS. II. POE. P? ? in* g ^ in p Q o &,~ If? 8 © -a CD £ " | l 00 X H CD B vi ■« | j p, o fit PR ? ® • ,'J? § S Q r H a. ® S g « ; g o I 2 P £ ?S:jB I I ^ ^ £ r I i fci „ * M C | .« g P 5 td S II I I > % K f::«9 or ’ I? w > $ * !rs*g n ^5 ; .si H J| U HS * 5 X m .« ^ ° - Ilf g p § h?l • ® ^ s- § ££} ... - *> - MEAL! MEAL!! THE undersigned keeps constantly on hand at his shop in Des Arc, a tine lot of f Be 8 6 n Hi ft be -ctieb he 1 soil :st tbo lowest market price, M C>H I! TTrK • *.iv \ R. G. OItt, J. o. OItt, Gr I L L & B R O., Des aVbC' Ark., DEALERS IN STAPLE and FANCY D RY GOODS, Reidy-Made Clothing, Hats, CAPS, ROOTS, SHOES, Hardware, Hollow Wave, Qneensware, &c. A LSO, KEEP A FULL SUPPLY OF Fam i AY i’y Groceries an 1 PLANTATION SUPPLIES constantly on hand, j Will pay the highest market price for Col I ton, Dry Hides and Produce of all kinds. GILL & BROTHER HAVE JUST RECEIVED A FRESH SUPPLY 0 F i Jtytintj and Snntmci: GOODS, i WHICH THEY OFFER VERY LOW FOR CxYSII. ! Call and examine, and you shall be convinced, i tnav! 2 OR8. LIVE & KI7R.VEY, jj&rsidtnt I’hpitiaus -A N D— 0»# A&@„4»«A®8AS.. OFFER their services to the citizens arid vicinity, in the various branches of their professions. Office at Burney it Bro’s Drug Store. irar8-ly | Hi. L. CROSS’ PHOTOGRAPH r o OMS, , j! trail's gluff, SUItiuisas. A Variety of I'tiflTOLB ii'im I i l VIEWS and ALB1MS always on iianti. mar8-tf E. L. CROSS. TOMiS AaLOON, BEVALL’S BLUFF, ARK. \TTHO WANTS A GOOD BRINK OF v\ FINIS LIQUOR!! To.« is ! now behind the counter oi the BEST SALOON • In the place, ready to hand out to all desiring | it, the Finest Liquors that the market affords, j No humbug! Give Tom a call, and if you ; love good things, yon will be satisfied. niarl7-3m CARlt & GALLAGHER. SOL. F. CLARK- SAM W. WILLIAMS. JOE W. MARTIN. CLARK. WILLIAMS & MARTIN, Attorneys at Law, LITTLE ROC K, ARKANSAS. ATIJTILL practice-in all 1 lie Courts, prosecute > i Claims of all kinds, collect debts, and act as Real Estate and tlencral Agents. OrncF.—Markham .Street, near State House. april28-tf WM- T- JONES, At &&W* BROWNSVILLE, ARKANSAS. WILL practice in the counties of Pulaski, Prairie, Monroe, Woodruff, Jackson and White Prompt attention given to the collec tion of claims. aprl4-ly ‘ RECUR AH ST. lLOl'IS &, WHITE RITER PACKET, .J. S. McCUNE. JAS. H. DUFFER, - - Master a t73J, —i THIS swift and elegant jEPQl^giAU^tearner will ply regularly during the season, between St. Louis and .Tacksonport, stopping at all way landings. Particular attention paid to orders sent lol ls. ALLEN & GRAVES, b marl 7-_ _Agents.^ VIEW PHIS AND WHITE RIT ER PACKET. petrolia. M. A. IvNOX, - - - Mas,cr' It. P,. M.VJOUS, - -' ' < lerk. ! A THIS steamer having '■ F3Bfc£SS^Lmt«ed the above trade, wil. ' nil/ rcgiibirlv throughout the season. STONEWALL. “Who’veve got there?”—Only a dying brother, Ilurt in the front .just now, “Good boy ! He'll do. Somebody tell his mother Where lie was killed and how.” “Whomhave you there?’’—A cripple'kfcourier, Major, Shot by mistake, we bear. He was wilh Stonewall.—“Cruel work they’ve made here; Quick with him to the rear!” “Well who comes next?”—Doctor, speak-low, speak low, sir ; Don’t let the men find"out. i It’s Stonewall.—“God!”—“The brigade must not know, sir, While there’s a Yank about.” Whom have wo here—shrouded in martial manner. Crowned with a martyr’s charm ? A grand, dead hero, in a living banner, Born of his heart and arm : The heart whereon his cause hung—see how clingeth That banner to his bier! Tite arm wherewith his cause struck—hark ! how ringetli His trumpet in their rear! I I Wnat have we left ?—His glorious inspiration, His pniyersTin council met. '■ Living, lie laid the first, stones of a nation ; And dead, he builds it yet. THE BUREAU BILL. Complete Copy of the Picsident’s Me- sage. Washington, July 1G.—The follow ing is the veto inessage'of the President communicated to day to the house of rep resentatives : , A careful examination of the hill passed by the two houses of congress, entitled, “An act to continue in force and to amend ‘An act to establish a bureau for the relief of freedmen and refugees, and for other | purposes, lias convinced me that the i legislation which it proposes would not be I consistent with the welfare of the country, j and that it falls clearly within the reasons assigned in my message of the 19th of ! February last, returning without my sig ! nature a similar measure which originated I in the senate. It is not. my purpose to re ; peat the objections which 1 then urged. ! they are yet fresh in your recollection, I and can bo readily examined as a part of j the records of one branch of the national i legislature. Adhering to the principles ! set forth in that message, I. now reaffirm ; them and the line of policy therein indiea , ted. The only ground upon which the kind of legislation can be justified is the ! war making power. The act of which this bill is intended as amendatory was passed j during the existence of the war. ]}y its j own provisions it is to terminate within j one year from the cessation of hostilities j and the declaration of peace. It is there ' fore yet in existence. It is likely that it I will continue in force as long as thefreed men may require the benefits of its provis . ions. It will certainly remain in operation as a law until some months subsequent to the meeting of the next session of con gress, when, if experience shall make evt | dent the necessity of additional legislation, j the two houses will have ample time to mature and pass the requisite measures In the mean time, the questions arise, why should this war measure be continued he I yond the period designated in the original act, and why in time of peace should a military tribunal be created to continue until each state shall be fully restored in its j constitutional relations to the government, and shall be duly represented in the con gress oi me i. nucu statesi at was mani fest, with respect to the act approved March 5, 1865, that prudence and wisdom alike required that jurisdiction over all ca ses concerning the full enjoyment of the rights of citizenship as well as the protec tion of person and property, should be con ferred upon some tribunal in every state or district wheic the ordinary course of judicial proceedings is no longer interrup ted. The courts, both state and federal, are in full, complete and successful opera tion, and through them, every person, re gardless of race and color, is entitled to. and can he heard. Tho protection grant ed to the white citizen is already conferred by the laws upon freedmen. Strong and strengthened guards by way of penalties and punishments are thrown around his person and property, and it is believed thot ample protection will be afforded him by due process of law, without resort to the dangerous expedient of military tribu nals. Now that the war has been brought to a close, the necessity no longer existing for such tribunals, which had their origin in the war, grave objections to their con tinuance must present themselves to the minds of all the reflecting and dispassion ate. Independently of the danger in rep resentative republics of conferring upon the military in time of peace extraordina j ry powers, so carefully guarded against by the patriots and statesmen of the early days of the republic, so frequently had the 1 ruin of governments been formed upon j the same free principles, and subversion of the rights and liberties of tho citizen. The question of practical economy com ■ mends itself to tho consideration of the law-making power. With an immense I debt already bordering tho incomes of the industrial and laboring classes, a due re -•**#' > * r .«<* r gard for tlieir interest so inseparably con nected with tie welfare of the country, should induce «s to a rigid economy, and influence us to abstain from all legislation that would unnecessarily increase the pub lic indebtedness. Tested by this rule of sound political wisdom, I can see no reason for the establishment of the military juris diction conferred upon the officials of the bureau in the 14th section of the hill, lly the laws of the United States, and of the different states, couipetent, courts, federal and state, have been established, and are now in full practical operation. l>v means of these civil tribunals, ample redress is afforded for all private wrongs of the citi zen, without denial or unnecessary delay. They are open to all without regard to color or race. I feel well assured that it would be better to trust the rights, privi leges and immunities of citizens to tribu nals thus established and presided over by competent and impartial judges, bound by fixed rules of law, and where the right of trial by jury is guaranteed and secured. The caprice of judgment of an officer of the bureau, who, it is possible, may be entire ly ignorant of the principles that underlie the just administration of the law, there is danger that the conflict of jurisdiction will frequently arise between the civil courts and these military tribunals, each having concurrent jurisdiction over the person and the cause of the action, the one jurisdiction administered and controlled by civil law, the other by military. JIow is the conflict to be settled, who is to de termine between the two tribunals when it arises? In my opinion it is wise to guard against such conflicts by leaving to the charts and juries the protection of all civil rights and the redress of al.l civil grievances. The fact cannot be denied that since the cessation of actual hostilities many acts of violence, such perhaps, as had never been witnessed iff their previous history, have occurred in the states in volved in the recent rebellion. I believe, however, that public sentiment will sus tain me in the assertion that such deeds of wrong are not confined to any particular state or section hut are manifested over the i . * i ma AiiiitittiTT . 1 rknftn.i 4i ii ns 4 11 o 4 4 l i n - --J ,---“*£} cause that produced them does not depend upon any particular locality, but is the result of the derangement incident to a long, and bloody war. While the preva lence of such disorders must be greatly dc plored, their occasional and temporary re currence wflSild seem to furnish no neces sity for the extension of the bureau beyond the period fixed in the original act. Be sides the objection that 1 have thus brief ly stated, J may urge upon your consider ation the additional reason that recent de velopments in regard to the practical ope ration of the bureau in many of the states show that in numerous instances it is used by its agents as a means of promoting their individual advantage, and that the freed men are employed for the advancement of the personal ends of the officers instead of their own improvement and welfare, thus confirming the fears originally entertained by many that the continuance of such a bureau for any unnecessary length of time would inevitably result in fraud, corrup tion and oppression. It is proper to state that in cases of this character investiga tions have been promptly ordered, and the offender punished whenever his guilt has been satisfactorily established. As anoth er reason against the necessity of the leg islation contemplated by this measure, ref erence may be bad to the civil rights hill, how a law of the land, and which will be faithfully executed so long as it shall not be declared unconstitutional by courts of competent jurisdiction. By that act it. is provided that all persons born in the Uni ted States and not subject to any foreign power, excluding indiuns not taxed, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States, and such citizens of every race and nolor without voo-nnl to nnv nrovinna non dition of slavery or involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; and shall have the same rights in every state and territory in the United States, to make and enforce contracts, to sue and be sued, and to soil, hold and convey real .and personal property, and to full and equal benefits of all laws and proceedings for the security of persons and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and be sub ject to like punishments and penalties and to none other, any law, statute, ordinance, regulation or custom, to the contrary not withstanding. By the provisions of the ' act, lull protection is afforded in the dis trict courts of the United States, to all per sons injured, and whose privileges as thus declared are in any way impaired; and heavy penalties are denounced against the person who wilfully violates the law. 1 need uot state that law did not receive roy approval. Yet its remedies are far more preferable than those proposed in the pres ent, the one being civil and the other mil itary by the—section of the hill herewith returned certain privileges by which the lands in the parishes of St Helena and St Lukes were sold, and hid and afterward disposed of by the tax commissioners and confirmed and ratified by the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th sections. Provisions are made by law fat the disposal of the lands thus required to a particular class of citizens, while the granting of titles is : deemed very important and desirable. The ! discrimination made in the bill seems oh jectionablo, as does also the attempt to confer upon the commissioners judicial powers, by which citizens of the United States are.to be deprived of their property in a mode contrary to that provision of the constitution which declares that no per son shall be deprived of life, liberty or prosperity without due process of law.” As a general principle, such legislation is unsafe, unwise, partial and unconstitution al. It may deprive persons of their prop erty who are equally deserving objects of the nation's bounty as those whom by this legislation congress seeks to benefit. The title to land thus to be portioned out to a favored class of citizens, must depend upon the regularity of tax sales under the law as it existed at the time of the sales, and no subsequent legislation can give validity to rights thus acquired against the origin al claimants. The attention of congress is therefore invited to a more mature consid eration of the measures proposed in this section of the bill. In conclusion, 1 again urge upon congress thedanger of this class of legislation, so well calculated to keep the public mind in a state of uncertain expectation, disquiet and restlessness, and to encourage interested hopes and fears that the national government will continue to furnish to classes of citizens in the sev en states support and maintainance regard less whether they pursue a life of indo lence or labor, regardless, also, of the constitutional limitations of the national authority in tiinea of peace and tranquili ty. The bill is herewith returned to the house of representatives, in which it origi nated for the final action. ANDREW JOHNSON. - Forney and the President. The Washington Republican makes the following contribution to the political his tory of the times: New York, Jan. 21, 1866. Mf Dear Mn. President: 1 have been in the City for two days, and now write under an impulse which 1 cannot restrain, because 1 led it to be tor your own good and that ot tue country. 1 take it for granted that you are resolved not to lie unmindful of your own fame, and that you will not allow your friends who heartily sustain your policy to feel that they are without your aid and onpouragnient, w he ther you are a candidate for President or not, and if you are not i shall bo greatly surprised, with the wonderful favor that crowned your restoration policy. You should not allow the great offices to go to indifferent men, or those clearly in the interests of your foes. 1 need not repeat to you that I am now, as ever, for twenty years shown in tuy writings, and since your great act of patriotism in lytiu, especially your open and avowed friend. Where 1 am to-day my two newspapers, both daily, show to the world. Hence in what I now say, 1 speak no idle words, but mean all 1 say. The Collector’s office at .New York is a post that you should dispose of outside of all politicians; not that 1 mean to defy them, but to select your own man, who should be free only to help You and serve the Government.; one they could neither attack noruse. Such a man is—, of this City. He was elected to Congress in—, as a Democrat, but like you. refused to follow the party in treason. He served a short time witii great distinction, aud resigned on ac count, of ill health. He was a member of the Commit tee-on Ways and Means, and won groat applause. He is a very able man, educated to finance, intensely national, honestandindepen dent, and could furnish millions of security, lie has an organized mind ; would make you a parly or fight your battles single-handed. He is an Andrew Johnson Democrat, in short. I write in the knowledge that lie would accept, and that his appointment would b# received with joy by the whole community. Yours truly, J. W. i’ORNEY. To the President. Gen. Cleburne —The Nashville Banner gives a sketch of the Irish rebel General Pat. Cleburne: “In appearance he was meager and rather wan ; a light man, with iron-gray hair, cut close to bis head, delicate moustache and im perial, dull small gray eyes and sallow com plexion, Ho dressed always neatly, but with plainness, and had little taste for general so plo ; his manners shrinking in the extreme. In early life he served as a Cornet of British Light Hragoons in India; and later passed three or four years in Paris as a student of belles-letters. He might have been mistaken for a seaman, and looked like a Greek. Ilis bearing was cosmopolitan ; his speech pecu liar to himself, a cross between a stammer and and an accent. Cleburne was very bold and original in liis opinions. His proposition, two years before tbe close of the war, to declare all the negroes free, and conscript the males, evinces his force of intellect and sagacity; ‘I wouldmeet the proclamation of .Mr. Lincoln,' said he, ‘with a better one. would give tbe negroes not only their freedom, but a bounty of land for meritorious service.’ lie was op posed to any scheme of Irish Independence’ ‘■The Irish,’ he said, ‘are not fit for liberty. They flourish best as exotics.’ Had lie lived he would have returned to Arkansas, married the lady to whom he was betrothed, resumed the practice of the law, ‘which he quitted at tlie outbreak of hostilities to become a private soldier, aud eschewed Fenianism.” -Men rejoice when the sun is seen ; they rejoice when it goes down; while they are unconscious of the decay of their own lives. Men rejoice at seeing the face of a new season, as the arrival of one greatly desired. Never theless the revolution of the seasons is the de cay of human life. Fragments of drift-wood meeting in the wide ocean continue together a little space; thus parents, wives, children, relatives, friends and riches, remain with us but a short time—then separate, and the sep aration is inevitable. No mortal can escape the common lot; he who mourns for departed relatives has no power to make them return. Knowing that the end of life is death, every i l ight-minded man ought to pursue that which : is connected with ultimate bliss. ! -An object of “interest”—A girl whose I interest is three thousand » year. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. -!Our vanity is incessantly tho otfomy of onr self-love -Remember, that every person, however * humble, lias rights and feelings. -No matter bow long you have been married, never neglect to court your wife. -What is tho difference bet ween a church deacon and a ragamuffin? One passes tho sfcsser and tho other scssos the passer, -“In all contentions,” says Sidney Smith, “lot pence be rather your object than triumph. Valuo triumph only as tho moan* of peace.” -Voltaire said of an apothecary, that his employment was to pour drugs of which he knew little, into a body of which ho knew less. I-Never trust a man for tho vehemence i of his asseverations, whose bare word you I would not trust; a knave will make no more j of swearing to a falsehood than affirming it. -The man who imagined himself wise because lie detected some typographical errors in a newspaper, lias gone east to get a per pendicular view* of tho rainbow. -A cockney elocutionist made a great. hit in reading a famous Alexandrian of Pope, which ho exasperated and disemvowoled in the following manner: “Hup the ’igh 'ill ’o ’eaves a ’uge round stone.” Hiiiglish hall hover! -A worthy man when told that ho was about to die, said he was glad of it; he Was “tired of putting his shoes and stockings on and off.” And this is about what life gets re duced to at seventy. -The man who can make Iiis own firb, black his own boots, carry his own wood, hoe bis own garden, pay his own debts, and live without wine and tobacco, need ask no favor of him who rides in a coach and four. -A Witty printer who quit the business, studied physic and became a physician, gave his reason for so doing that in printing all tho faults are exposed to the eve, but in physio they arc all buried with the patient. --At a modical examination a young as pirant for a doctor’s diploma was asked: “When does mortification ensue?” Think of the amazement, it is questioner must have felt when he gave the following answer: “When you propose to 11 ioveiy 45111 iiiiu are rciuaaui --—A California editor, participating in % Debate ns to the best method of building a cer tain bridge, objected to a coffer-dam for mak ing the pier. He said he early formed a pt'ej^ udiee against the thing ; his uncle once had a cow choked with a turnip, and for a long time it was thought she would tojj'er dam head off? -When do-ngor approaches, men are wont to acknowledge the presence of God more strongly tlinu at other times. Many pray that never prayed before: and oveu the prayers of Christians are more fervent than usual. Hence the oft-repeated distich: “Thts Devil was sick—the Devil a monk would be; The Devil got well—the Devil a moult was he!” THEM GOOD OLD DAYS. AS LONGED TOR BY JOSH BILLINGS-. _ How i dew long (once in a while) for them good old daze. Them daze when thare was more fun irr 30 cents than there is now in 7 dollars and a half. Them daze when a man married l‘lfi lbs of woman, and les than G pounds (awl told) of anything else. How 1 dew long for them old daze when ed nkashin kongisted in what a man did well. Them daze when denkons was as austere as hoss reddish, and ministers preached toman’s soles instid iv their pockets. Them daze when pollyticks was the excep tion and honesty the rule. Them daze when lap dogs and wot nusses wun’t known, and when brown bread and baked gooses made a good dinner. Them daze when a man who wan’t bizzy was watched, *»d when wimmen spun only that kind of yarn that was good for the darn I II ^ U1 OIUUA iua( How i dew long for them good old daze when now mid then a gal baby was called Jerusha and a boy want spilt if he was named Jerry mier. And yc who have tried the fethers and fuss of life, who hav had the codfish of wealth without sense stuck under yure nose, cum be neath this tree, and long for an hintr with mo for them good old daze when men were ashamed tew be fools, and wimmen woro*fraid to bo flirts. N 15—Thn used to mail; milk punch in them daze that was very handy to take. Tin tii.,—Adhere rightly and undevialingly ler truth ; hut while you express* what is true, express it in a pleasing manner. Truth is the picture, the manner is the frame that dis plays it to advantage. Truth, conveyed in au austere and acrimonious language, seldom has i salutary effect, since we reject tho truth, be cause we are prejudiced against tho mode of communication. The heart must be won be 1 fore the intellect can be informed. A man may betray the cause of truth by his unsea sonable zeal, us lie destroys its salutary effect by the acrimony of his manner. Whoever would be a successful instructor must first be come a mild and affectionate friend. He who gives way to angry invectives furnishes a strong presumption that bis cause is bad, since truth is best supported by dispassionate argu ment. The love of truth, refusing to associate itself with the selfish and dissocial passions, is gentle, diguified and persuasive. The uu derstanding may not belong able to w ithstand demonstrative evidence; but the heart, which is guarded by prejudice and passion is gene rally proof against argumentative reasoning: for no person will perceive truth when ho is unwilling to find it. Many of our speculative opinions, even those which are the result of laborious research, and the Iea.-t liable to dis putation, resemble rarities ia the cabinet of tho curious, which may be intm-aing .o tho possessor, mid a few Congenial minds, but which are of no use if) the world, Many of our speculat ive opinions cease to engage attention* not because we are agreed about their troth or fallacy, hut because we arc tired of the con troversy. They sink into neglect, and, iu a future age, their futility or ahaurdify is ack nowledge!, when they retain a hold no longer ; on the prejudice and passion' of mankind.