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_DES ARC, Alik'.. ATI GUST 11, 186G-_ArUMiiEli ^4.
I>ess Arc Citizen. TERMS—50 PER ANNUM PATAnI.lt IN ADVANCE. bates of advertising. Oue square (10 line? of this size type) for ne insertion. $1 ; each additional insertion, 75 cents. ■—-1 | in. | 2 in | 3 in | 6 'ni |1 year rs^are. i'd O '$6 00 $9 00 $12 66 $20 00 i flouares, *’<00 <100 11 00 I t iMl 25 00 isnuares 0 00 11 00 13 00 17 00 30 00 i Column, 11 00 13 00 16 00 20 00 40 00 iPolumn 13 00 16 00;18 00 25 00 50 00 [ Column 16 00 18 00 22 00 30 00 60 00 \ column. 10 00 21 00|27 00 35 00 70 00 Advertisers by the year will be restricted t# their legitimate husiness. Personal communications charged double the rates of regular advertisements. Legal advertisements will be charged, for one square or less, first insertion $1. and 75 ■ eents per square for cacdi additional insertion. Advertisements not ordered for a specified time, will be inserted till forbidden, and charged for accordingly. All advertising due after second insertion. Our Job Printing Department. We have supplied ourselves with a good assortment of Printing Material and are ready to execute all kinds of Job Printing, on reasonable terms. We are prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata logues, Posters, large or small, Cards, Pall Tickets, Bill Heads. Blanks of every descrip tion, for Clerks, Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace. Constables, &c. ~ T HE CITIZEN boob: JOB OFFICE IS NOW IN OPERATION! __ ALL ItlKIJS OF BLANKS ^RIXTED OK SHORT NOTICE A.VD JK THE LOWEST RATES, Gi IVF 03 A CAI-L AND WE WILL ft0AR t antee c-utire satisfaction. II. POE. sis n ^ V a « % w er1 p no Cif go J CD i r g X 00 :-a« H G^2 K fr - * » « $ ,3m a ; « w Q r *3 ? : r- m V ; Jo s C 3 ' s SS 1 Z pJ 5 p gS >> 5m r» g o ft go *! §-’ W > d ? 1 “ S St J o * '_g H D o llx 8 •“ J§i 2? i a f" cd 9 If ‘ (0 g J 8r _ '■* MEAL! MEAL!! THE undersigned keeps constantly on hand at his shop in Dos Arc. a line lot ol ftBSii Hit ft be WEich be will sell at the loffcSt market price. murSI- M .^BETTER. It. (i. GILL, J, O. GILL. Gr ILL & BRO., Des _A.i?c> Ark., DEALERS IN STAPLE and FANCY DRY GOODS, Re idy-Made Clothing, Hats, CAPS, HOOTS, SISOKS, II a i'd ware, Hoi low Warc, Queensware, &c. A T,SO. KEEP A FULL SUPPLY OF Fam Y\ ily Groceries and PLANTATION SUPPLIES constantly on hand. Will pay the highest market price for Cot ton, Dry Hides and Produce of all kinds. GILL & BROTHER HAVE JUST RECEIVED A FRESH SUPPLY 0 F £'|mnt| ami Jfttmmtt ■ GOODS, WHF II THEY OFFER YERYLOW FOIl CASH. Call and examine, and you shall be convinced. _1 o Aaitijr OKS. LANE & BURNEY, flcsukut ^Iitjsitiaus -A N D STJRGEONS, ©88 OFFER their services to the citizens and vicinity, in the various branches of their professions. Office at Burney & lire’s Drug Store mar8-ly DEVAIL’S BEBFF, Aftfc Win WANTS A GOOD DRINK OF FINE I, QTJOR!! Tom is now behind ihe counter ot the BUST SALOON In the place, ready to hand out to all desiring it. the Finest Liquors that the market affords No humbug 1 Give Tom a call, and if you love good things, you will be satisfied. marl7-3m CARR & GALLAGHER. SOL. F. CLARK- SAM W WILLIAMS. JOE W. MARTIN. CLARK- WILLIAMS & MARTIN, Attorneys at Law, LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS. \ ^ 7 11.L practice in all the Courts, prosecute V 1 Claims of all kinds, collect debts, and act as Ileal Estate and General ^e/ent*. Office—Markham Street, near State House. april28-tf WM- T- JONES, BROWNSVILLE, ARKANSAS. WILL practice in the counties of Fulaski, Prairie, Monroe, Woodruff, Jackson and \\ hito Prompt attention given to the collec tion of claims. aprl4-ly REGI E Ml ST. LOUS & WHITE RIVER PACKET, .J. S. McCUNE. JAS. II. PUFFER, - - Master A .■ru*|n. —1 THIS swift and elegant <1 earner will ply regularly during the season, between St. Louis and Jacksonport, stopping at. all way landings. Particular attention paid to orders sent for goods. ALLEN & GRAVES, marl 7- Agents. MEMPHIS AID WHITE RIVER PACKET, PETROLIA. M A. KNOX, - - - Master. R. ]J. Majors, - Clerk. a /7T3L -~i THIS steamer having the above trade, will rim regularly throughout the season, [jun23 Des Arc Hotel, & tmmis, Pro pi*ie to rs. mil IS establishment is now open, for the 1. reception of the TRAVELING FIBLIC. All persons having regard for convenience and comfort, would do well to give i s a call. Our table will always be, supplied with the ilv>M *haf *h" market afford*, STARVATION. A FACT, BY IIAHRY HOPEFUL. Oh give me but one pint of meal, 'Twill feed my darling babes a day, And may be then God will see fit, To take them far from earth away. For four long days I’ve begged for work At almost every door, I was ashamed to ask for bread, I’d never asked before, 1 look so gaunt and ghastly pale; The people seemed to feel. That suould 1 get within their homes, I could not help hut steal. j 1 1 got a few cow pens one day, 1 cannot tell you how; My babes auu I have eaten them, That's how were living—now; You say 1 should not be ashamed To ask lor what 1 ueed; l!ut oh, the knife of haughty scorn, Has caused my heart to bleed. Five years ago my babies had From want a solid shield; But long, long since his hones were bleached On Shiloh's bloody field. While he was here we never knew The name of want or care; No beggar e’er turned from our door, Witlioui a cheerful share. But when the patriot bugle rang The Reveille of War. He went to guard Virginia’s soil, Away from home afar. And wtien he gave his last embrace He told us not to weep; That all around our many friends In comfort would us keep. I went to see one of those friends, ’Twas only yester morn; I begged him for a little bread, And then a little corn. He said I’ve none to give away And not loo much to sell; J ’ll give you uonc without the price, You know in.,; very well. UU^Ull OIUUU lit. Ill ' ’JL'was loaded lull of grain To take down to the whisky still, So i turned back in shame. And now 1 ask a little meal, Just but a pint or so ; 1 cannot see my babies die, Oh! God, 1 can't, no, no. THE GOLDEN GATE. Dim shadows gather thickly round, And up toe misty stair we climb, The cloudy stair that upward leads, To where the golden portals shine. Round which the kneeling spirits wait, The opening of the Golden Gate, And some with eager longing go, Still pressing forward, hand in hand, And some with weary steps and slow, Look back where their beloved staud, Yet up the misty stairs they climb, Led on by tlio angel Time. As unseen bands roll back the door, The light that Hoods the very air Is bin tlio shadow from within, Of ihe great glory nidueu there ; And morn auu eve, and noon and late The shadows pass within the Gate, FORCIBLE COLLECTION OF DEBTS. We take the following seusblc article from the St. Louis lJress, of August 1st, and recommend its careful perusal to all our readers : \\ e are of those who believe all laws providing for the forcible collection of debts should be abolished. The interests of all classes of the community would be promoted by such a measure, it would cheapen the necessaries of life, and more equally distribute the wealth of a commu nity. The consumer of goods pays nearly or quite one hundred per cent, more than lie would ll there was uo legalized credit system. a. he importer of goods adds twenty per cent, to his prices in order to cover losses by bad debts, and the next purchaser the same until one hundred per cent, is added by the time it reaches the I country merchant. Thus it is plain to be seen that one hundred per ceut. on the value of all articles purchased m.paid to keep up a legal credit system. Hut that is not all. An amount equal in value to all the property of the nation | is paid to lawyers, sheriffs, judges, jurors, | witnesses, and others connected with the ! law, every eighteen years. Thus not only ! does it cost one hundred per cent, ou every article purchased, but all the property of the land every eighteen years to keep up a legalized eredit system. Mercantile credit is never given on the chances of collecting it by law. No mer chant would sell a dollar's worth of goods did he suppose he would have to resort to law to enforce collection. The credit is given upon the individual’s character for S integrity and business. A man may be worth one million of dollars in lands and i property, yet it he has no character for promptness in meeting his obligations he could not obtain one dollar's eredit from any merchant in good standing. Honor being the foundation of credit, to honor and not force the creditor should look for settlement. Again, the laws as now enforced oper ate as legalized robbery. A man owes one tliousaud dollars, and "has fifteen thousand dollars worth of real estate; misfortune : renders it impossible to meet the debt, and ' a judgment is obtained; the execution is sues, aud is placed in the hands of the sheriff; the land is situated twenty-fit e miles from the oonrt house ; it i ; adver tised and sold at the court house for per ' bap® eight hundred dollars, i fhn debtor is legally robbed of over ten thou sand dollars, and a debt of two hundred dollars and some one hundred dollars cost left unpaid. Such is a very usual method of proceeding under our laws. Hut it may he said such laws are defective, and can he improved. That is true. Still, the whole system is wrong If no lbrcible collection was allowed, the credit ot nearly every man in the commu nity would he quite as good as at present. It would make people more careful in their word, and much hard teeling and difficulty would he avoided. There could then he no custom of credit to compel the trusting a man against the real desire and better judgment of the seller, for the fear of giv ing offense to a customer. Even if credit were given,unless payment was prompt, no more credit would he the result, and in that way not half as much loss as now. Now a man owes a merchant a bill, and desires further credit. The merchant ex tends the credit many times, for fear of offending the debtor and losing what is already due. Hut we have pursued the subject quite as far as we intended at first. It is too hot to sit down and write elaborate articles on any subject, much less one that will require statistics in support of positions. We throw out these suggestions tor the reflec tion ot the reader, and will recur to the subject hereafter. Working for Nothing. Newspaper publishers have more work to do for nothing, perhaps, than any other class of mechanics in the country. They are more strictly public servants than any other of those who undertake to serve the public, and receive more abuse from the public for not doing their work according to the model set up by the public, which model has as many different phases to it as there are different whims and notions in society. They are expected to cull attention to every enterprise of however trivial a char acter, regardless of whether it is of a pri vate or public nature, that the most ob scure citizen may have set on loot; and should they fail to do so, they are at once sot down as stupid fellows, not fit for the position they occupy. If a stump speaker or quack politician happens to make a speech and say a few smart things, it mat ters not how crude and clumsy his speech may be us a whole, he expects to see it in the newspaper next morning, and if it does not appear, the publisher is set down as a dull boy. This demand lias grown out of the fact that newspapers have so long bowed down to the dominations of party, that the peo pie have come io believe that they have a a rightto demand this service us a matter of right Mow, there is just as much rea son why demands should be made on a house carpenter, brick mason, basket ma ker, lawyer, doctor, or any other business or professional man for gratuitous work, as upon a publisher, and if publishers gener ally would pursue an independent course instead of bowing down their necks to re ceive the yoke of party vigor, they could defend themselves against these losses and abuse. It is false to say that newspapers arc compelled to pander to the whims and false notions of a vitilated public taste, in order to secure a sufficient support to keep them alive. The public can no more do without the press than they can do without the lawyer, doctor, or the mechanic, and should be required to pay them for varnishing, for advice and prescriptions, the same as they pay the painter, the lawyer and doctor for a similar service. A Congressman, or member of State .Legislature or Convention write up a trim ming speech, on which he spends most of the session, giving but little attention to the regular business of the body to which he belongs, and delivers it on a set occa sion with great gusto and flourish of rhet orical periods, which speech is manufac tured expressly to be used as a campaign paper in the next election, lie forthwith culls on the newspapers in his locality to publish it as a kind of right which he arro gates to himself and the papers, so long ac customed to the yoke, yield to his demands and thus furnish him, free of charge, with his capital in trade. This course on thepartof the newspaper men of the day, is not only impoverishing themselves, but doing a great injury to the country by furnishing the capital on which hundreds of small fry politicians and un principled nincompoops ride into offices which they disgrace- Let politicians pay the same rates for advertising themselves in business that merchants and other peo pie pay for advertising their business, and it will not be long until we shall have bet ter men in office, and our publishers will be able to make a respectable living, and will have more respect for themselves and for the profession they follow.— Vicksbury Herald -1 m i New Counterfeits.—New and dangerous counterfeits of the last issue of the fitty-cent 1 fractional currency note, which bear upon ! their face the head of Treasury Spinucr, have 1 been detected at the treasury department. The paper is thicker than that of the genuine ! notes, and the general appearance, tho’ poor, : is calculated to deceive unlessclosely inspect ed. They are most easily distinguishable by i the course engraving of the head of Treasury i Spinner, which in the genuine is fine and very ' dietinct. Inhabitants or tho Human Body. What think yon of yourbody’s bcingaplan et inhabited hy living races, as we inhabit earth? Whatever maybe your thought-on the subject, the fact is even se. Your body is but a home for parasites, that crawl over its sur face, burrow beneath its skin, nestle in its entrails, and riot and propagate their kind in every corner of its frame The sensation in re gard totrichinu in swine flesh has sot the sci entific to “knocking their heads together," and tho result0- the following: Parasites not only inhabit the bodies of all animai used by us as food, but they arc ulso found in abun dance in our own organizations The species of trichina spirallis, of which so much is said, and whose existence has been discovered in pork, is, according to our best anatomists, found in almost every muscle, enveloped in lit tle custs or sacs about one-fourth of an inch in length. It can he distinctly Been and exam ined only by the use of the microscope. Pro fessor Wood, of Philadelphia, says: “No evi dence has yet been produced that any morbid influence is exerted by the trichina upon the system during life. That they have been found in subjects carried off by sudden death (accident,) and in the midst of health.” An English author says: “It is a notorious fact that parasites do crawl over our surface, and burrow beneath our skin, nestlein our entrails and riot and propagate their species in every corner of our frame. Nearly a scoro of ani mals belonging to the interior of the human body have been already discovered and de scribed, and scarcely a tissue or organ bui what is occasionally profaned by their inroads. Each,also, has its favorite domicil. Une.spe cies of strongle chooses the heart for its dwel ling place, another inhabits the arteries, n third the kidneys. Myriads of minute worms lie coiled up in tho voluntary muscles, or in the areolar tissuo that counects the fleshy fi bres. The guinea worm and thochique bore thro’ the skin, and reside in tho subjacent reticu lar membrane. Hydatids infest various parts of the body, but especially the liver and brain. A little fluke, in general appearance, much like a flounder, Eves steeped iu gall in tho bil liarly vessels. If you squeeze from the skin of your nose what is vulgarly called n maggot —the contents, namely, of one hair follicles— it is ten to one that you find in that small bo bacious cylinder several unimalculiv, exhibit ing under the microscope a curious and coin plicated structure, Even the eye has its liv lag inmates. With this knowledge of pur composition, it matters but little liSw many entozoa wo con sume, so long as we do not see them—it is nothing more than, all ages have done before ns. We might with as much propriety refuse to drink water, which, however pure, is fairly alive with animalculte as to refrain from the use of meat because it exhibits (under the mi croscope) entozoa. A correspondent of the London Star de scribes as follows, some of the peculiarities of the Prussian troops: Although the Prussians show hut in different drill in marching; their precision in manual exercise is very striking. To he sure, the case with which the needle guns are loaded removes several of the trying ‘one, two, three’s’ to which English soldiers are subject, hut in the ordinary carrying and shouldering and grounding their arms they seemed to be admirably trained. They are, as I have already said muscular, strong-honed men, und approach more to the Russian than to the French type of soldier, They seem to pay the greatest deference to their officers, who, themselves arc profusely courteous to each other. The amount of bowing which a military man has to undergo here, in a sin gle day, is Something dreadful to contem plate; and, indeed, if you are not a milita ry man you are expected to bow on enter ing a room in which officers, of however petty a grade are seated. When two offi cers are introduced to each other they jump and bow across the table until their heads are in danger of collision. If an officer enters a room in which privates are sitting, the latter jump to their feet, and remain standing until motioned to sit down. When ho leaves they also jump up. When two officers of different grades meet in the street they not only salute each other, hut keep their hand to the cap all the time they are speaking. The Boy for the Times. We like an active boy—one who has the im pulse of the age—of the steamboat in him. A lazy, plodding, snail-paeeu chap, might have got along in the world fifty years ago, hut he don't do iu these limes. Wo live in an age of quick ideas ; lucu think quick, cat, sleep, court, marry, and die quick—and slow coaches are not tolerated. “(Jo ahead if you hurst your boiler!” is the motto of this age— and he succeeds the best in every line of bus iness who has the most of “do or die” in him. Strive, up to catch the spirit of the time; be up and dressed always, not gapping and rubbing your eyes as if you were half asleep ; but be wide awake for whatever may turn up, and you will be somebody before you die. Think, plan, reflect as much as you please before you act, but think quickly and Closely, and when you have fixed your eyes upon an object, spring to the mark ,,1 once. But above all things be honest. If you in tend to be an arlist, carve it in the wood, chis el it in the marble—if a merchant, write it in j your ledger. Let honesty of purpose be your j guardian star. Padlocks.—The secretary of the treasury I invites - lock-makers throughout the United | States to submit samples of hruss padlocks, on | or before the 10th of August next, for use iu j distilleries and elsewhere. Section 84 of the j new internal revenue law requires that all locks used by inspectors should be placed un der seal, and it is desirable that the sample submitted should have some arrangement by which a paper or metallic seal can be fasten ed over the key hole by the act of locking, so that a key or any instrument could not be in troduced without canceling the seal or indica ting that the lock had been trifled with. It is not, however, intended to exclude from com petition samples w hich may not have such ar i rangnraents MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. -A young man without money is like a steamboat-without fuel. Ho cnn't go ahead. Among tho ladies lie is like the moon of a cloudy night—he don’t shine. -\Vhy is tho Freedmen’s Bureau like well-ground guu-powder? Because it is a fine thing—iu a horn. -“What are you looking after, dattgh* ter9" said an old man at a Christmas party. “Looking after a son-in-law for you,father,” was the reply. -Why is embracing your sweetheart like eating sottp with a fork? Because it takes a long time to get enough of it. -A fellow was “hauled up” the other day fur kissing a ludy in an omnibus. His excuse was that she'd been bussed from one ondof the city to the other. -Wo notice in one of our Indiana ex changes tho marriage of Dr. Thomas N. Lyon to Miss Mollio Lamb. Another scriptural prophesy in course of fulfillment, “The lion and tho lamb shall lie down together,” and, after awhile, ‘‘a little chfld will.lead them.” -General Shcrdian in refusing to allow monuments to be erected to the Confederate dead, erects a monument to himselfr -“Have you broken yourhorse,” Inquir ed a horse jockey. “No, not exactly,” replied Simon ; but l’vo broken two or three wagons.” --Josh Hillings says, “There is only one advantage that I can, sue in going tew the devil; and that is tlie road is easy, and.you arc sure to get there.” -“Jack,” said a man just onteriug »his teens, “your father’s drowned.” "Darn it,” replied the young hopeful, "he’s got my knife iu his pocket.” -A jealous husband being absent *from I home, went to a clairvoyant in London to I know what his wife was doing.—"Ah,’’ cried j tliu clairuoyant, "1 see her; she expeetswome one; the door optus; he comes ; she caresses him fondly ; ho lays iiis head on her lap, and,” husband mad with rage,—“he wags Uis-tail.” It was the dog. Tho husband was calmed. -A young lady having purchased an as carriage, recollected u piece she had neglect ed to buy. ‘-Sir,'1 said she, on entering the store, --there i3 ono thing 1 have forgotten, and which 1 must now ro (Uest ycu to give me.” “And what is that?” asked the .young music seller. “It is, sir, One Kiud'Kiss Be fore we I “art." The gay youth, vaulting stm ! ultnneously over the counter. Saluted tho fair stranger. Ho lost his heart and his situa tion. -“Madam, your boy cannot pass at half I fare; he is too large,” said the conductor of a j railway train, which had loug been detained I on t he road by the snow. | “lie may bo too large now,” said the matron, j “hut he was small enough when wo started.” Tho conductor gave in, and the boy passed j for half fare. -A “reb” who had languished on the ! sweets of a forced i tleuoss, consequent upon I his occupation Itaving terminated with Lee's ; surrender, began to look about him for some thing to be, to do, or to suffer. Thinking himself sufficiently reconstructed, ho applied for work at one of tho departments, presided over by a Federal officer. “Have you been in the rebel service ?” ho was asked. “Yes, sir,” was the reply. “In any battles ?” “About eighteen pitched battles, sir,” ••Kver killed any Yankee?” “No sir, never killed any.” “How do you know that?” “Weil, I couldn’t kill any of (hem." “Why was that ?” “Because they were all ^otho rear specula ting; but l reckon 1 slayed about a thousand Dutch mid Irish,” We did not. learn whether the candor1, of this reb secured him a place or not, but it certainly was deserving of some recognition. IlFMAnKAm.ii Watch.—One of the most re markable curiosities in mechanics of recent iuvention, hi London, is ”. watch, belonging to a member of Parliament, designed and made expressly for him, by James Ferguson Cole, I the celebrated London watch ahd chronome ter maker. This unique pocket chronometer has a silver dial, on which are nine hands, in dicating respectively the hours, minutes and seconds; the days ot the week; the days 01 ine month; the months of the year. It corrects it self for the unequal months; that is to say, changes when they have thirty and when tbir ty-one days; and also corrects itself for leap year. It is so constructed that any slight ag itation of the watch, such as the ordinary ex ercise of walking, winds it. Thus it may bo worn and will go perfectly for years, without requiring even to be opened, although it can also be wound by a key in the usual manner. The dial is arranged in five circles and with in the largest, the hour circle, is a semi-circle, showing the moon’s age and phases by means of gold on a ground of blue steel. At the back of the watch is a gold indicator for ascertain ing t he time in the dark by touch. The com plication of the mechanism '“tty be imagined, and yet the watch is of ordiuary dimensions and may be conveniently worn in a gentle mnn’s pocket. It cost the sura or three hun dred guineas. A Truk Wife.—A faithful and affectionate wife is a priceless ireatnire to her husband She is the chosen otic to assist him through life—to educate and prepare his children for a proper station in life. The husband s inter est is the wife’s care, and her greatest ambi tion carries her no farther lhau bis welfare or happiness, together with that of her children. This is her sole aim, and the theatre of her ex ploits is the bosom of her family, where she can do as much toward making a fortune us he can in the counting room or workshop. It is not the money earned that makes a man wealthy—it is what hesavesfrom his earnings. A good and prudent husband m ikes a deposit Of the fruit of his labors with his best frieud. The true wife acts not for herself only but she is the agent for many whom she loves, and she I acts for their good and not for her owngratifi ! cation. Ilcr husband’s good is the end at I which she aims—his approbation is her re ! ward. Self gratification in dress, or indul 1 gence in appetite, or moro company than his l purse can well entertain is never indulged in.