Newspaper Page Text
RETAINS HIS CONFIDENCE IN YOUNGSTER
Jay Cashlon, Washington Pitcher. Manager Clark Griffith of the Wash ington American league team has not lost confidence or hope of making a pitcher out of Jny Carl Cashlon. The husky boy goes through a stiff course of sprouts each day. Griff Is teaching him how to use the "spltter,” and if Cashlon can develop a good spitball, and nt the same time be able to con LEIFIELD EARNS HIS SPURS In First Game With Cubs Former Pi rate Twirler Holds Brooklyn to Four Measly Hits. Lefty Leifleld, until recently a Pi rate, did himself handsome In his de but ns a member of the Cub team. Lefty gave Brooklyn a little Imperso nation entitled "Stingy,” and the Dodg ers agreed unanimously that ns an Impersonator Lefty ought to get big money on the vaudeville circuit when he gets through with baseball. Lefty held the easterners to four measly bingles and whipped them, 7 to 2. Leifleld never was In trouble If you can forget the first inning, when a base on balls was followed by a dou- “Lefty" Leifield. ble. which. In turn, was trailed by a single, scoring two runs. After that the Dodgers were easy picking, and whenever things looked the least bit dangerous Lefty closed up on them. He only resorted to strikeouts once, and that was when there were two men on and none out, showing that ho was confident of himself all the way. PASSING OF HUGH E. KEOUGH ‘By Hek M Occupied Unique Place in Sport Letters—Was Imitated by Many Writers. We shall read no more "By Ilek.” Hugh E. Keough, the Chicago sport writer, who wrote under that nom de plume, is dead. Mr. Keough’B place In sport letters was unique. He founded a new school jf sporting comment. Many Imitated Dim. None approached him. He wns widely quoted. He was more widely ‘pirated.” He was gifted gloriously. He knew jport in all Its phases as few men aave known it. He knew the idiosyn ’racles of sporting men, nnd for his fancy they were an Inexhaustible theme. He keenly watched the entire passing show of sport. He knew its tomedles. its tragedies. And. as the Doet-philosoplier of American sport, ho sang liis songs and sounded his wnrn • >;s, exposed the shams and exalted .e genuine, and always with Inim itable drollery. He was. as Watterson once said, the ‘ever-welcome Hek.” The sport page of American journalism, whatever its color, is In mourning at his passing.— st. Louis Republic. Ward's Ancient Ideas. John M. Ward is using IS7G methods in his Boston Braves. He expects his Ditchers to do as much base running ind batting as any one. lie Instructed jne the other day to try to hit a Hit sooner at the ball, Just after he had seen that one ground out to the sec jnd baseman. By hitting sooner. ,\'ard told him, he would hit singles hrough the pitcher, all of which Is lory true. Hub Perdue says Ward night not to expect them to piny like ho boys did in '7G. when there’s no >ne on the team who saw the games *f ‘76. trol It, he can bo counted upon to win some games before the 1912 curtain drops. Cashlon is willing and works hard, and that is all Griff wants, for the Old Fox Is a patient waiter, and Cashlon will not be hurried along In the prim ing process. Washington fans are particularly sweet on this youngster. Scattering of Notes Diamond Atlanta has released Pitchers Paige and Johns to Montgomery. Larry Cheney is proving himself more than a flash in the pan. Connie Mack evidently has picked up another star in Pitcher Pennock. Van Dyke, Worcester's star pitcher, will join the Boston Americans in the fall. Toledo has Hohnhorst batting way down in the list, ahead of catcher mid and pitcher. Red Kuhn looks like the white hope of the Sox catching staff In these days of hospital squads. Cap Anson Is arranging to gather a team of Indians from Minnesota and go on tour this summer. "Jeff” Pfeffer, the former Chicago- Boston pitcher, Is managing a team in the Greater Boston league. The Dodgers are only saved from last place because they can't lose quite as often and consistently as Boston. Lellvelt, whom Clark Griffith sent to the minors, is leading the Interna tional league with a batting average of .405. Harry Howell, until recently on President Barrow's umpire staff, has caught on as an umpire in the Texas league. The veteran manager and player. Bill Carney, has put In an application with President Chivington for a job as umpire. Pitcher Don Marion of the Milwau kee club has gone to Youngstown, Ohio, to visit "Bonesetter” Reese. His arm is in bad shape. The New' York Yankees are report ed to be ready to turn Pitcher George McConnell back. He will be offered to Rochester first, of course. Brooklyn has traded Infielder Stark and Pitcher Schnrdt to the Newark International league team for Infleld er Fisher and Outfielder Bay. Pitcher Zackert, sold by St. Louis to Bloomington of the Three-I league, refusel to accept the terms offered and was turned back-to llresnahan. Harry Mace, umpire in the Virginia league, has a son catching for a team in the circuit. If son should attempt to sass dad, would the umpire use a shingle? New Orleans has sold Catcher Lee Lemon, secured from Birmingham, to Fort Wprth and again taken on Nagel son, who had been returned to Toledo. Ix?mon could hit, but could not throw. LONG HIT CAUSE OF STRIKE Belleville League Threatened With Dissolution Because Freight Train Carried Away Ball. Belleville (Ont.) is confronted with a baseball situation that the heads of the Clerks' Junior league declare Is more difficult of solution than that which arose in the American league when Tv Cobb smote a spectator iu New York. All the members of teams in the Belleville league have served notice they will strike, just like the Tigers did, If Henry Ebel plays In any more games. Ebel is the pinch hitter of the Mar ried Men’s nine. The trouble arose in Sunday’s game, when along toward the end Ebel took a good healthy swat at the sphere and It sailed over the heads of the infield nnd outfield. A passing freight train, with a door of a box car carelessly left oj>en, made a clean pick up of the ball and carried It far away. The game was called for two rea sons. It was tho only ball available and it was not available after Ehe)'s Farmers’ Educational and Co-Operative Union of America Matter! Especial Moment to the Progressive Agriculturist Bte much; then you can do much! Other people’s mistakes aren't help lng you if you make the same kind. The man who snores in his sleep has a good excuse for not going to church. Some horses do not behave well In double harness, in which respect they resemble some husbands. Driving a sore-footed horse over a stony road to prayer-meeting isn’t the surest indication of piety. A mortgage grows while we sleep and so does a hog, but they produce different kinds of dreams. Hnrvest time will soon bo here, with Its demand for binder repairs. Have you listed these with the local dealer? Tho man who carries his religion in his wife's name will find that heaven admits of no law of common owner ship. It does not follow that tho farmer. In order to be prosperous, must be a drudge. Brains count us well as muscle. Some men spend enough time look ing for a better location which, if properly used would have paid off the mortgage on the old place. Some young men are hunting farm Jobs by looking through the bottoms of beer glasses. This Is not the way to look for a Job on the farm. Tho man who contents himself with the thought “I am not as bad off as neighbor, and things might be worse,” will always be a slave to his fear. Tho blows of fate that we believe have sent us down for good often prove to be the force which enables us to rise and land a knockout blow that wins. The farmer Is a patient person and listens to much advice, but In spite of this he manages to make a com fortable living and put a little away for a rainy day. The Forest Co-Operative Fruit Grow ers’ Association of Canada has 75 members, all of whom have agreed to prune thoroughly and spray three times each year. We always feel sorry for a man or woman who are looking around for something with which to kill time. A well-balanced person who gets the most out of life never finds any time to kill. COMING SYSTEM FOR FARMER All Other Bias and Creeds Must Give Way to Principle of Co-opera tion—lts Aims. It Is the privilege of the present day to enjoy the wonderful discoveries of science, and the greatest mechanical and material perfection In the history of man, nnd a prospect of the Immedi ate future for udvanced civilization to reach the highest Bocial and financial perfection. Under the principle of co operation all other bias and selfish creeds must give way to this higher commercial system, and tho choice for or against will mean with the "farm er,” whether or not he is master In his own home; other than he may be “landlord” over 6ome less fortunate, writes W. C. Moore of Greenville, S. C., in the Texas Co-operator. The prin ciple of “real estate” and title, enforc ing the plan of usury, will have to be dissolved by some process In time or there will be only master and servant possible In our complex civilization; there Is no other theory than co operation that has proven capable of righting the wrongs of our inherited business methods without violence or injustice. The right practice and use the theory and religion of cooperation, to the needs of workingmen and farmers in their dally business, is the only im mediate prospect of them getting their Just share of the rewards of labor; they can become members of the Co- Operative wholesale society by estab lishing in their midst a local co-opera tive store and branch society through which they can do their buying and selling, getting the benefit of “sys tem” and wholesale prices, right at their door. If they buy a pound of coffee or a suit of clothes they know the quality is honest, and that they get it at the honest cost of produc tion and cost of delivery, and pay no middleman a profit; but better than saving the profit is the saving of fraud and deception. Just why America Is fifty years be hind England in getting the benefit of this “system" is hard to understand, but there is excuse for delay any longer. We have the successful ex ample working before us nnd to neg lect to put It to practice would be wan ton waste. Handling of Milk. Each cow's milk should be taken from the barn separately and not be allowed to remain in the barn until the whole herd is milked. If milk is to be separated on the farm it should be run through the separator while warm. Cream should bo cooled as soon ns possible and warm cream should not be mixed with cream al ready cooled. Cover cans with a light, clean cloth, which will admit air, but keep out dirt. Keep the separator clean by the use of plenty of water. Air all vessels after clean ing. Green Feed for Poultry. Remember to provide green ituff of some kind in each feed after 10 days old. This not only cheapens the feed, tyt insures good health. We like green cut clover best in the summer time. Give all feeds in troughs, and fresh water several times each day. It is really surprising how much de pends upon the water. It sometimes seems that a bucket of wnler Is more essential than feed. PRESSING NEED OF FARMERS Co-Operative Farm Finance Would Mean New Era—Gronna-Norrla Resolution Is Favored* Co-operative farm finance will usher In a veritable new era. It will en able farmers of tho most limited means to pool their resources, so that, upon their joint credit, they may be able to borrow money at reasonable rates for the year’s operations. Such accommodation Is tho most pressing need of the. greatest number of farm ers. Another vital need Is permanent loans on farm mortgage nt reasonable rates with easy terms of repayment. This need will be met by the new sys tem of co-operative lund mortgage banks. The co-operative farm finance con ference at Nashville in April was at tended by delegations from twenty four states, who reported upon this subject. It Is now realized that, if agriculture can be supplied with suf ficient cash, credits and eo-operntlou, its future will be brilliant Indeed. But the Nashville conference wisely favored deliberation and care In es tablishing in America the systems of co-operative farm finance which, In Europe, have suuccessfully supplied rural needs for more than a century. Therefore the conference proposed that a select commit fee of two busi nesslike farmers from each stato be appointed to sail for Europe in Juno to make a personal study for three montiiß of the way European farmers co-operate to obtain cash and credits, and buy together and sell together. Meanwhile, says the Farm and Home, it is hoped that congress will promptly enact the Gronna-Norris res olution, providing for a national com mission on farm finance, with an ap propriation sufficient to make an elab orate inquiry into every phase of the matter and publish a set of pamphlets bearing upon the different details. WHOLE DEPENDS ON FARMER Tiller of the 801 l and Not the Politi cian Who Is Responsible for Our Prosperity. To hear the average glib-tongued politician talk, if he could be always believed, one might imagine him to be Atlas, the god whom mythology represents as bearing the world upon his shoulders. The politician has been given so much attention and has been in the habit so long and so often of proclaiming himself as the savior and preserver of the nation nnd of the race, he himself has reached tho con clusion that mankind owes him a debt of gratitude so largo that payment may be classed among tho impossi bilities. But as a matter of fnct, so far as the peace, comfort and the very life of tho race Is concerned, all the work of the politicians of the land, com pared with that of the tillers of the soli, would be found ns insignificant as a huckleberry In a wagon bed. It is the farmer that feeds -the hungry and clothes the naked, says the Knox ville Journal and Tribune. The city man iu Ills humble cottage, who sits down to his simple but nutritious and refreshing repast, as well as one with his millions In his palace, wallowing in luxury, must look to the farmer for tho food that keeps him alive and for tho clothing that hides his nakedness. When the farmer prospers all classes are more prosperous. He it is that makes prosperity. It is upon prosperity that he must depend. It Is the misfortunes of men that Impel them to appeal to the professions. If sick, doctors are wanted; when wo disagree with our fellow-man about a business transaction and are unable to settle without going to law, we call upon the. lawyer. But at all times and under all conditions we must have the assistance of the farmer. He is a prince among men and, under Provi dence, the giver of good gifts. ONE NEED OF OUR FARMERS Slim Profit* Do Not Permit of Proper Opportunities of Education for the Children. (By WAYNE DINSMORE.) The standard of living is generally conceded to be higher in America than any other country in the world. Our people are much more fully sup plied with tho necessaries of life, have more liberty, more satisfactory working hours nnd more to spare for the luxuries of life than the people of nny other nation. Despite this. It is undoubtedly true that on a considerable proportion of our farms the profits from the year’s operations are not such as to permit the family to have suitable clothes, satisfactory food supplies and proper opportunities for education. The in come Is so slight that the food of the family Is limited to the cheaper and coarser articles of fare and there are often sucli that the growing chil dren are not properly nurtured. They are physically stunted and lack of school opportunities dwa'rfs them men tally. The parents would gladly give their children proper opportunities for the education which is absolutely necessary to fit them for their own part in life, but are not financially able to do so. Growing Asparagus. You can easily grow asparagus roots in one summer large enough for forc ing during tho winter. Sow seed of Victoria or Linnaeus as soon as the ground can bo prepared. Make tho soil very rich. Sow in drills far enough apart to cultivate with a horse. Drop the seeds three or four Indies apart, cover with two inches of soil and thin tho plants to stand about a foot apart. Cultivate thoroughly, top-dross occasionally witii nitrate of soda and you will grow fin- . largo roots. Best to Wean Gradually. Don’t let the colt go to pieces at weaning time. Wean gradually. Give him good feed, oats is best, and the run of the pasture Make the change from the dam's milk to grain and pasture gradual!) Don’t keep the colt tied up in a short, dirty barn. A lot or small pasture surrounded by smooth or woven wire or hoard f nee is the ideal place for exercise. STARVED ROCK A MONUMENT i?razi2:&'iiiPQZzvT//rji;ufifoJ& ► N purchasing Starved Rock and Its surrounding acres for a pub lic park tho'stnte of Illinois has done more than preserve the scene of an Indian tradition. It has I made permanent a monument of the earliest recorded history of the upper Mississippi valley. The park Includes the site of the oldest fort and perma nent European settlement In the val ley and part of the site of a great com munity that even now would rank with the largest cities of the state. The old and all but forgotten Kaskaskia and Its suburbs were larger than the present city of Alton, larger than Freeport, twice as large as the near-by city of Ottawa. When It Is recalled that only a cen tury ngo the stockaded Fort Dearborn that had been Chicago was a scene of desolation It Is difficult to turn the mind back still another century and more to the beginning of Fort St. Louis, on the Illinois river. Perhaps that Is why the Indian legend of a later date has become known, while the recorded history of the place has been forgotten and Fort SL Louis has become Starved Rock. It was In the summer of 1673 that Joliet and Father Marquette entered the Illinois river at Its mouth after a trip down the Mississippi from the WlMconsln. They were on their way back to eastern Wisconsin byway of Chicago and stopped only three days at the Indian village of Kaskaskia, which stood on the flood plain of the Illinois, across the river and a short dlstarice west from a grent white rock, forest capped, that rose sheer from the water at a height of 125 feet. The village then contained 74 lodges 'and nearly ten times that number of fam ilies The lodges were permanent structures, not the tepees of the west ern nations. The Indians were Kas kaskias. a tribe of the Illinois nation, whose village was larger than that of tho Peorlas. another Illinois nation, who lived near where the city of Pe oria now stands. The great rock above the village did not attract special attention. It was one of many rocks and, moreover, It was tho Indians that Interested Marquette, whose report contains the only first hand account of the voyage, since that of Joliet was lost In the St. Lawrence river. To these Indians Marquette endeavored to return late In 1674. Winter and sickness caught him on his way. He and his compan ions built a cabin on the bank of the Chicago river at what Is now Robey street and remained there until the spring, when they descended the Des plaines and Illinois to Kaskaskia and there established the mission of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Display Pictures of Virgin. On the meadow between the river and the present city of Utica Mar quette raised an altar and displayed four pictures of the Virgin before 600 chiefs and old men, 1,600 young war riors and perhaps 4,000 women nnd children, a large audience to bo gath ered there nowadays. Soon after Eas ter ho and his two companions made their way back to Lake Michigan by the Kankakee and St. Joseph rivers. On the bank of the lake Marquette died. Allouez was Marquette’s successor at the mission of the Immaculate Con ception. He found at Kaskaskia 361 lodges. Before the coming of La Salle In 1679 h$ left the place and La Salle found a deserted city. The Inhabitants had gone hunting farther west. He went on to Peoria lake, built Fort Crevecoeur there and returned, leav ing his lieutenant, Tonty. at the fort. It was not until this return voyage that the great white rock caught his eye. It must have impressed itself on his mind as ho sat in the deserted vil lage across tho river, resting on the Journey northward. Here was a ft£t that was no Crevecoeur, a lofty rock. Inaccessible except at one point, and there only by a narrow and difficult path, out of arrow range from the other rocks and the bluff a quarter of n mile away. So ho sent word to the Tonty to examine the rock nnd to re moth thither from Peoria lake If he thought It well to do eo. But this establishment was not to be easily made. . There were troubles with the Indians and the French as sistants. and It was three years later that Iji Sallo nnd Tonty began the fortification of tho rock. The only approach to tho half-acro area of the summit was protected with earth works nnd a palisade, and within the palisade were built cabins after some of tho forest growth had been re moved. Civilization took its stand In the midst of the wilderness. At the foot of tho rock, on tho level bank of the river, a bowling alley was laid out for tho Frenchmen. Around this were other shelters, of French and of Indians The fort had become a suburb of Kaskaskia. or. as the French called It. I-nVantum. across the river. This town of the Kaskaskia Indians was added to by arrivals of other tribes, especially those of the Illinois nation. The original settle ment was west of where the Utica bridge now' crosses the river, but the additions spread to th£ oast alone the I low bank of tho stream. Including the Indians gathered about the foot of the rock. La Salle estimated the popu lation at one tlino to be 20,000 persons, 4,000 of whom were wnrrlors. Grain Abounded In Broad Fields. To supply this city, the largest com munity of Indlnns that has been re corded in the Illinois country, there were broad fields of grain, for tho Illinois were a farming people and tho rich flood plains of the Illinois needed little tilling. Tracts of land were granted to a score of Frenchmen. The river provided fish; in the swamps downstream were water fowl; tho prairies were dotted with buffalo. The population lessened or Increas ed from season to season. La Salle died, murdered In far off Texas.. The mission was removed to the Missis sippi river in 1700. Despite the ex hortations of Father Gravler, the In habitants of Kaskaskia fled to this new sanctuary from the Iroquois. Hence the new Kaskaskia on the Mlslsßlppl. which beenme tho first cap ital of Illinois. The rock was left deserted except by tho garrison and the traders. In 1702 the garrison was withdrawn and twenty years later Charlevoix, passing down the river, saw only the rotting palisades. Of the 20,000 Indians none remained. But the story runs that Tonty, white haired and feeble, was carried back to his rock to die among a few wondering red men and bo burled In the swift water below. The old fort still served as a strong hold for the Peorlas. In 1722 these Indians were besieged on the rock by the Foxes and their allies, but the siege was raised. Ij 1769 at Cahokla camo tho murder of Pontiac, leader of tho Pottawatomles nnd Ottawas, by a Kaskaskia Indian, and the revenge of tho Pottawatomie nation. The Kns kasklas and the other Illinois tribes were massacred. A few Peorlas were trapped on the rock and there, starv ing, defended the single approach. One dark night those remaining made a sortie and about a dozen —accounts differ as to the number—escaped down tho river In stolen canoes, tho last of their people. Nothing remains to re call them except bits of bone, pottery and flint that are plowed up on the site of tho nnclent city, and the silent rock standing unchanged through the centuries and breasting the flow of the river. Digging to Music. It would seem that tho old principle, which has said to have been so often applied In war and In peace and which has a deep psychological basis, that tiresome muscular labor Is more easily and regularly performed and In n sense guided by the rhythm of mu sical sounds, has been successfully ap plied among the laborers on the Panama canal. One of the "bosses" of work gangs has gained distinction by outdistancing all his rivals In the amount of work done on account of his cleverness In developing and lend ing songs that Inspire his men with energy and cause them to forget fatigue. Singing at work has become general all along the line, It Is re ported. Hearing and Smell of Fishes. Fishes smell well and hear acutely. The senses of smell and hearing de pend mainly on Internal nerve nnd brain structure, the external apparatus In different animals being helpful and contributory but not essential. The fact that fishes have no external nose and ear formations does not prevent their Internal mechanism from operat ing. In some fishes the swim bladder performs a part In the communica tion of sound, and certain fibers In tho front part of the hend perform an other part. Their smelling apparatus also Is well adjusted for practical use. A fish has no external organ of smell, but It will turn up its nose at an of fensive bait. Young Girl’s Narrow Escape. A young blind girl had an excit ing adventure with an unruly cow In her home at Mosley street, Burton-on- Trent, England, recently. The animal, having escaped from tho driver’s con trol, entered the house by tho back door, and tho young woman, Imagining the intruder to boa human being, called out: "Who is It?” Then, real izing that something was wrong, she walked past tho animal nnd got safe ly outside, the cow. meanwhile, rush ing round tho rooms, breaking the fur niture and smashing crockery to frag ments. The Parasitic Female. Tho parasitic femaio is found nmong the rich, the poor and the mid dle class. Sho contributes nothing to her race, her home or the world’s work. She impoverishes her race be cause she bears no children. She means nothing In her home because all its duties are performed by others. And sho contributes absolutely noth ing to the world of art, science and Industry. She lives off of others, and like all parasites, animal or vegetable, she weakens the vitality of those on whom she fastens herself.—McCall’s Magazine. GHOSTS EVER BOTHER YOU? If So, Southern Negro Folks Say These Simple Precautions Will Chase ’Em. As a part of the folklore of the ne gro folks the superstitions of slavery days ure of great interest. Tho fol lowing are some of the negro’s belief* about ghosts: To feel a hot breath of air strike you at twilight signified tho nearby presence of a ghost. Should you wish to avoid him, stop and turn your coat and trousers and hat wrong side out nnd the spirit cannot encounter you. If. however, he Is a pugnacious sprite and approaches despite tho change, turn and address him thus: “In the name of tho Lord, what do you want?" Whereupon ho will tell you Ills business upon enrth, then depart and never, never trouble you again. If, on the other hand, it Is a prowling ghost who crawls under the house, bumps against the floor, makes strange sounds, and whispers In tho midnight hours, you have only to put In a new floor nnd he will do so no more. Some ghosts -arc obtrusive and will not only prowl about the house, but creep in through the crack of tho door In the wee small hours of the night, and, once Inside, expand to vast pro portions. To spare yourself any dis turbance in this way, sow mustard seed all about the doorstep just before going to bed, or place a sieve on tho doorstep. Before entering, tho spirit will hnvo to count all the holes In the sievo or all the mustard seeds, and by this time daylight will come and he will have to go. As the counting for ono night will not do for another you are allways safe. —Southern Workman. ALMOST FRANTIC WITH ITCHING ECZEMA "Eight years ngo I got eczema all over my hands. My fingers fairly bled frantic. The eruption began with itching under the skin. It spread fast from between the fingers aVouml tho nails and all over the whole hands. I got a pair of mbber gloves In order to wash dishes. Then It spread all over the left side of my chest. A fine doc tor treated the trouble two weeks, but did mo no good. I cried night und day. Then I decided to try Cutlcura Soap nnd Ointment but without much hope ns I had gone so long. There was a marked change the second day, nnd so on until I was entirely cured. The Cutlcura Soap we have always kept In our home, nnd wo decided after that lesson that it Is a cheap soap in price nnd tho very best In quality. My husband will use no other soap in his shaving mug." (Signed) Mrs. C». A. Selby, Redonda Beach, Cal., Jan. 15, 1911. Although Cutlcura Soap nnd Ointment are sold by drug gists and dealers everywhere, a sam ple of each, with 32-page book, will be mailed free on application to “Cutlcura,” Dept. L. Boston. “Mug” Is Overworked Word. The most overworked word In tho Englishman’s vocabulary of slang la “Mug.” As a noun It may mean a face, a fool, or a student who prefers reading to sport. As a verb Its mean ings are still more varied. It may mean to study hard, or to strike in tho face. It also means to rob or swindle, and among actors to grimace or mako faces. To mug up is also, in theatrical parlance, to make up. Finally, to mug one’s self Is to get drunk, the resulting condition being one of mugglnoßH. There is more ob vious sense in this last use of tho word than in some of tho others, for alehouses, In the eighteenth century, were commonly known ns mughouses. Mug Is the English equivalent of the German Zug, which Mark Twain found to mean everything. A new sense of the verb "mug” In the American slang Is to photograph a face. For Forty Years a Hermit. Tsanc Sheath, who has just died In the workhouse at the age of seventy eight. lived the life of a hermit for nearly forty years at Newport, Isle of Wight. He occupied a mud-hut which he erected on a piece of waste land In the village of Chale, but the hut became so dilapidated that the rural district council ordered Its de struction. Sheath was greatly exas perated by the council's• Interference, and before he left for tho workhouse he burned the hut to the ground. Mice and birds had grown so accustomed to the old man and his lonely ways that they used to come and feed from his hand. London Mail. The New Way. "Going to your summer cottage this rear?" „ "No; we’ve decided to stay In the city.” "But I thought you were so fond of the country?” "We used to he, but now we prefer to stay at home, where we can get fresh milk, eggs and butter every morning.” First Religious Book in America. The first religious book published on the American continent was printed in the City of Mexico by order of tho Roman Catholic bishop there. This was the first work of any kind from movable typo issued In the new world and bears date 1645. In point of col laborators the most pretentious work published on this continent is "Tho Catholic Church in th<e United States.” which has six thousand different co authors, all biit n dozen of whom are actively Identified in some way witl the, American hierarchy. Oldest City in the World. Doctor Harkov, a Russian savant, once affirmed that Samara, on the right bank of the Tigrus, near Bag dad. Is the oldest city extant. Relics now discovered show that Samara flourished before the arrival of the Semites in Chaldea or Mesopotamia, 3,000 B. C. Charity in Compromise. The best methods of compromise are always the simplest, and the sim plest are founded on grounds of mutual charity.