Newspaper Page Text
LIEUTENANT PAUL GRAETZ
==MAN OF GRIT WO years ago, or 'a little more, all Eu rope was electrified by the news that Africa had been traversed by Lieut. . Paul Graetz of the German army in an automobile. His thrilling adventures on this daring and plucky expedition T are of too recent occurrence to have been entirely forgotten. To have crossed Africa in an auto mobile Is no mean boast, when one remembers that there are no roads and no repair or gasoline supply stores en route. The Cape-to-Calro railway—that great dream of a truly great empire builder. Cecil Rhodes Is fast nearing completion; and In a year, or perhaps a little more, travel ers may journey in com fort by train and steamer from Cape Town to Alexandria. They who do this will be able then to realize to the fullest possible extent what the pioneers of travel in the African hin terland had to contend with. One woflld think that to bring to a successful termination such a gi gantic feat as that which Lieutenant Graetz set himself in his famous Af rican automobile expedition would be sufficient to satisfy even the most gluttonous appetite for adventure. Yet it is typical of Lieutenant Graetz that he should not rest content with this one truly great achievement. His project, undertaken on behalf j of the African World, was to cross the great and practically unknown re- ■ gions of Central Africa from the In- ; dian to the Atlantic ocean, byway i of the Zambesi river, Lake Rang- ' weolo, and the Congo river. How- 1 ever, not by automobile this time, but j by motor boat. This offered some- j thing unique in the way of African travel It meant hardships and dis appointments Innumerable, but what of that? He mapped out a route that wculd take him from Qulllmane, the port on 1 the coast of Portuguese East Africa, to the mysterious Lake Bangwcolo, , byway of the River Quaqua, Lacer- | donia. River Shire, Port Herald. Chi- j cuana. Fort Johnstone, Lake Nyassa. Karongn. and then across the water shed to Fife. The motor-boht was specially prepared for this part of the Journey, being fitted with wheels for use on land. From Fife he decided to travel by ( way of the Chambesi river, Kabinga. and thus arrive at the shores of the , small inland sea, Lake Bangwcolo. upon which no white man had ever i sailed. After spending some time ex- ! ploring this unknown water and col- ; lecting specimens of aquatic and land life, Graetz planned to push on to the | Atlnntic byway of the Luapula, Lake j Meru. Paula, ICosengo. LukongzQiva. | Kiambi. Stanleyville Coquillhatvtlle. ' Yumbi and Leopoldville, and thus to ( the mouth of the Congo. Take up a map of Africa and trace out this route for yourself, and you may realize In part what this stupen- , dous Journey of six thousand miles j (allowing for the necessarily tortuous , route to be followed) meant to Lieu tenant Graetz and his companion, the French cinematograph operator, Mon sieur Octave Flere. Graetz had heard of t,he magic Lake Bangweolo from the Awemba tribe. It had a sinister reputation among the native tribes resident both near and far from Its shores. The Awemba people told him that Bang weolo was studded with Islands, on which were to be found colobbal ele phants and gigantic giraffes, while on Its waters Bwam huge sea-serpents and other strange creatures. From the surface of the lake hot springs rose and fell like fountains in the air; and pestilential winds, sweeping across the reedy marshes, carried death to all living beings. No health resort this; rather Dante's Inferno! No natives ventur ing upon Its waters in their frail, fantastically shaped canoes had ever returned. It was regarded by some tribes as a sort of Hades, where de parted souls suffered continually the most dreadful torments; while others again thought that It was the ap proach to Paradise, where the spirits of their dead relatives enjoyed per fect life under the protection of their gods. It was known to be surrounded by thick and Impenetrable rushes, mak ing its exploration a matter of great difficulty. The great prize which Graetz hoped to secure, In addition to being the first explorer of this won derful lake set deep In the heart of the wilds of Africa, was specimens of a species of gigantic buffalo, which were commonly believed by the na tives to make their home on the shores of the lake. They were known to be unusually fierce and dangerous, but this did not deter Graetz and his plucky companion from their adven turous quest after them. Lieutenant Graetz left Berlin on February 25. 1911. accompanied by Flere and his motor-launch, the Sarot tl. Elaborate arrangements were ‘ ' made at Quillmane for their plunge ; into the wilderness. At last all was ready for the start I MAKE STRANGE USE OF GOLD Frecious Meta! Buried, Taken ss Medi cine, «r.d Used on Religious Buiidingc in India. Curious and interesting facts re garding India’s passion for gold, and the strange uses to which the natives put the precious metal, are contained in a report issued by the great bul lion merchants. Messrs. Samuel Mon tagu & Co., after mentioning the fact that last year India imported gold By W. ROBERT FORAN and the two explorers set forth on their adventurous Journey. Mile by mile they made their way up the Qua qua. Shire, and so to Lake Nyassa. We will pass lightly over this sec tion of the great Journey, for it was similar to many another African trip trip by boat on river and lake. But once they Ijad reached Karonga ttaelf real difficulties commenced. ' The motor-launch had to be pushed on its wheels across the watershed by the so-called Stevenson road —which Is no road at all In the generally accepted meaning of the word —to Fife and thence to the Chambesi river, so that Lake Bangweolo might eventually be reached. Where obstructions Impeded progress—and there were countless numbers of such places—they had to be overcome. Trees had to be felled, streams bridged, hills climbed, and bush cleared from the self-made path. After days and days of toll In ter rific tropical heat, the voyagers reach ed the banks of the Chambesi river and again took to the water courses. This part of the trip was full of dan gers. unexpected and entirely impos sible to guard against. All went well with them until they had nearly reached the shores of the mysterious Lake Bangweolo. Then disaster, dire and dreadful, overtook them. Within sight of their goal they were overcome by a cruel, relentless fate. At dawn on September third, the blood-red morning sun triumphantly rose over the summit of the dark chain of the Muchemwa mountains, bathing all nature in Its glorious beauty. It bade them rise and con tinue their Journey down the Cham besi to the lake, their long-hoped-for destination. At six-thirty the two white men em barked. and a few minutes later the African servants were rowing lustily up tho Chambesi toward Bangweolo, for whenever possible they saved their gasoline and rowed. Moreover, there were many shallow channels to be negotiated and these were the more easily navigated without use of Ihe motor. For a time nothing unusual hap pened. There was no sign of life beyond occasional birds along the river banks. At last a convenient place to land and partake of break fast was found, and the two men ran ' the launch into the bank. The Cook ( and servants busily stirred them- i selves to prepare the delayed meal, j But suddenly they stood petrified I with astonishment. Not more than ' fifty paces from them, close to the ' river bank, stood three mighty buf- j falo, watching them with wondering 1 eyes! They had appeared so silentl}' through the undergrowth and reeds that no one had had warning of their approach. These were no ordinary buffalo. They were gigantic and sug gestive of prehistoric types. Silence, deep and Impressive, like that silence which foreshadows death, reigned for a brief moment. Then Lieutennnt Graetz awoke to the dan ger that threatened them. With the almost automatic precision of the ad venturer in savage lands, he unslung his rifle. The Frenchman. Flere, fol lowed his example. Graetz fired the moment his cheek rested along the butt of his Mauser rifle and the sights came on. Bang! the shot rang out, awakening the bird life and echoing through the trees beyond them and then faintly back again. The leading buffalo stumbled and fell on his knees, rose again, shook hla ponder ous head in mingled anger and pain, and then, dashing up the river bank, galloped from sight into the bushes. The other two followed their wound ed brother’s example. Meanwhile Flere stood ready to flrd in case of necessity, but there was no further need now. Intermittently through tho undergrowth the two men caught glimpses of the buffaloes’ shaggy forms as they followed the course of the stream toward the lake. But presently they saw but two of them.* What had become of the third, they asked themselves. They were not out of danger yet, apparently. Perhaps the third animal still kept company with hlB fellows but was hidden by the bushes; more likely still, he had left them —the surest possible sign that he was severely wounded. Good! They would get him yet. “Bos caffer Graetzil” would read well In museum records and zoological books, thought Graetz to himself. The decision to follow and kill the wounded giant was quickly reached. Breakfast was forgotten. Leaving the cook and two of the native followers to clear away the untasted meal and pack the motor-launch ready for a re newed start. Graetz and Flere hast ened off on the trail of the buffalo. It was not hard to follow. Large smears of blood were to be seen everywhere, on bushes, on rocks, on the bare soli, and against trees it showed plainly. The spoor led up the bank of the Chambesi and headed undoubtedly for the shelter of Lake Bangweolo. Hour after hour went by and still the two hunters kept steadily track ing the beast. The sun climbed high into the heavens until it was directly overhead, scorching everything and everyone with Its fiery rays. But the white men and their followers , bars worth £47,135,000, as well as £18,324,000 in sovereigns, Messrs. Montagu state that, as a contrast to the savings of France, which are util ized to promote trade, those of India are buried or-hoarded. “At present nearly nil the gold dug from the earth In South Africa is by a fresh digging operation deposited again beneath the soil in South Asia. “In India gold Is put to uses un usual among nations of the west. Con sumption of gold does not imply in England the actual swallowing of cx <Copyright. by Rldfway Co.) thought little of that. They were pos sessed by an all-powerful lust for the blood of this new mammoth of the African Jungles. Besides, until they had killed, they could not rest and eat; their sporting instincts would not permit this until all hope of success was lost. The true sportsman never deserts a wounded quarry until he has killed it. At last, after six hours of fruitless search, nature demanded a temporary halt. It was after midday. Graetz decided to have the motor-launch brought up to them and a man was sent back td get it. In the mean time the two white men rested. In three hours the launch reached them and the cook Immediately began to prepare a satisfying lunch for the tired and famished hunters. Break fast and lunch woulfl have to bo merged Into one meal. This is not an Infrequent occurrence In African travel, and the two men were accus tomed to it. While the meal was under prepara tion, Graetz sent three of the “boys” to search further for the wounded buffalo, for he was positive that It must be somewhere In their vicinity. He offered his followers a liberal “bakshish” and with this Incentive to a speedy location of the buffalo, they hastened off Into the bush. Break fast and lunch was just about to be served when the “boyB” came run ning back to announce that they had found the wounded buffalo lying in the long grass near the river. So much good luck had been hoped for, but hardly expected. Graetz and Flere rose excitedly to their feet and got their rifles. They , were only Just in time, for at that moment the high grass parted right in front of the former, and the ani mal dashed out. making straight for the German! He fired, and at the same time Flere fired also, so that the two rifle reports sounded as one. Graetz sprang to one side to escape the furious charge of the maddened animal. As he did so. Ills foot caught. In the long grass and he fell on Ills knees. It proved his salvation. If he had remained upright he would have been impaled upon the sharp and cruel points of the buffalo's wide sweeping horns. Snorting with extreme fury, tho huge beast nosed under the lieuten ant. who was now lying prostrate on the ground, trying to toss him. At last Graetz sprang to his feet and clung with all his strength to the horns of the beast. In the vain hope that, severely wounded as the buffalo was, he might give way before his own strength, or that Flere might get a chance for a second shot. For a few brief minutes, which seemed hours to Graetz, man and beast pitted their strength against each other’s. The huge denizen of the forests was rapidly tiring from loss of blood, but Graetz was no match for the strength of the enormous beast. It all hap pened In a few minutes; the buffalo tried to shake the man off. and. as he flung his shaggy head from' side to side, the point of his left horn pierced Its way deep into Graetz’s right cheek. He cried out with pain and then felt himself suddenly hurled up ward Into the air and consciousness left him. In the meantime, Flere had come gallantly to his companion’s rescue, unmindful of his own danger. He fired, but succeeded only in making the buffalo more Infuriated. The sav age beast turned rapidly upon him and tossed him repeatedly Into the air, tearing his body dreadfully. Then, as if worn out with Its ter rific efforts to avenge the attack cn Itself, the buffalo toppled over dead beside the bodies of Its foes. In a recent letter Graetz himself best describes what happened next. His account Is a graphic, yet simply worded, narrative of heroic resource fulness. In my travels in Africa I have met two men —Col. Eric Smith of the Horse Guards, and Mr. Ben jamin Eastwood, the chief aocountant of the Uganda railway—who have actually amputated their own arms yhen dire necessity demanded It, but I can conceive of nothing more cour ageous than Lieutenant Graetz’s own self-accomplished surgery. Far from medical aid, with his companion In mißfortune gored to the point of death, suffering indescribable agony. Graetz acted expeditiously and saved his own life by his ready courage. In the days when anesthetics were an unknown quantity, men and wom en had perforce to bear all manner of operations with remarkable forti tude. But we were a hardier race then. Civilization • has weakened our bodies and we are unable to endure pain as did our forefathers. Yet to be able to amputate an arm or sew up terrible wounds for oneself is a thing that was rarely done In the past ages. In Africa, it is not an uncommon thing. It seems only fitting that, in a country where the natives themselves bear pain„ with stoical indifference, the white man, who exists safely only by his own proof of being a superior being, should show the same wonder ful bravery. “I awoke," writes Graetz, when suf ficiently recovered to put pen to pa tremely thin gold laaves for medicinal purposes, though it Is so taken In parts of India. A frequent form of piety Is to regild the domes of relig ious buildings; such operations can easily absorb £IO,OOO or more. Sov ereigns with a shield on the obverse are in constant request. A rajah of rococo tastes imported some thous ands to form a center to each minute pane In the windows of his palace.” India occupies the position of a creditor nation on an Immense scale, a fact which renders the size of its per, “covered with blood. I was lying on the river bank with the motor boat at my feet, supported by two howling native servants. ’“Where is Flore?’ I asked. "‘The others are bringing him; he will die soon, too,’ they replied. “'And the buffalo?' “ ‘Dead,’ was the laconic reply. "A thick flood of blood was contln ually flowing from iny mouth and the right side of my face. The natives lifted me into the boat, and with every moment the blood flowed faster. “ ’Quick,’ I managed to gasp, ’the medicine chest!’ "They brought it to me. There wa« only one thing to do and that quickly. Sew, sew, sew! Terrible necessity taught me how to ply the surgical needle. With a native holding my shaving-mirror before me and another supporting me by the shoulders, I thrust the needle through the flesh. A Jagged, Irregular hole as large as my hand gaped in my right cheek; ray under Up hung loosely quivering. Under the horrified gaze of the na tives I jabbed the bent needle again and again Into my flesh and cobbled the tattered ends together. “The pain was excruciating. Heav en alone helped me to keep my senses. To this day I do not know how I managed to do it. The lower jaw was broken In two places—near the ear and near the lip—and from this crushed mass a long splinter of bone with three teeth attached hung loosely by the nerves and flesh of the gums. The whole outer flesh of the lower Jaw was scraped loose. Teeth, roots and bones lay white and shim mering through the hole In my cheek. My tongue, pierced by the point of the buffalo’s horn, was half torn from its foundations. I spat contin uously splinters of bone and teeth. “At last the operation was finished to the best of my ability, an<) I ban daged by face as best I knew how. A strong stimulant gave me new life and helped me to face the other sur gical operation for Fiere. “In the meantime the tent had been erected and a bed. prepared for my poor companion, from whom James, the cook, had already cut the clothes with a pair of scissors. He had re covered consciousness, and softly his pale lips formed the words, *tres mauvais’ (very bad). He had been pierced and tosßed three times. Tho left breast muscle hung loose; heart and lungs were untouched. In the left side, between heart and hip, was a great tear. This wound I imme diately sewed together. James wash ed, bandaged and put Flere to bed. He breathed regularly, and seemed to sleep. "Night fell dark and dismal —a night full of pain, during which my mouth seemed full of red-hot stones. Toward morning a short, troubled sleep gave me temporary relief from my awful agony. With the gray light of dawn I awoke to fresh tortures. Everything was deadly still. I sum moned the servants by clapping my hands and they opened the tent door. Then I arose and crossed over to Fiere’s bed. The first light of day fell on a pale, shrunken face. It was death.” So. on -the very threshhold of suc cess, one was taken and the other left, a shattered wreck. Far from all aid and alone with his native ser vants, Lieutenant Graetz faced the situation as only a man of his cali ber could. One of the natives was dispatched at once to Kasama, In northeastern Rhodesia, to summon help. This was the nearest point in habited by white men. Dr. G. F. Randall, the district sur geon. and Mr. Cooicson, the magis trate of Kasama, marched day and night for two days to his relief. HastilV further operations were per formed under the most difficult cir cumstances. And then, on an Im provised stretcher, Graetz was car ried to Kasama. One can imagine the painful journey, a journey ren dered all the more pitiful because* of the loss of his trusted assistant. The relief party buried poor Flere at Charenama. but later his body will be brought to Kasama and re-interred there by the white fathers of the Catholic mission. To most men this disastrous set back would prove an insurmountable hindrance to the completion of the program; but with Lieutenant Graetz It was different. He lias started again and will continue his Journey until It is completed or until death claims him. He Intends to reach the mouth of the Congo by the end of the year. A man of superlative grit, who flinches from no dangers and who knows not what the words fear and defeat mean! He is entitled to a place in history beside Livingstone, Stanley, Gordon and the others, yet probably he will be forgotten except by those who full% appreciate all he has achieved for science. When we head at the end of the year that he has traversed the dark continent from east to west, we shall know that he has done what he said he would do, despite the diffi culties in his path. Shall we all recognize what this means? Some may—those who, perchance, have done similar deeds, or those who know the African continent and all Its lurking dangers. Do not forget that lonely, mangled form lying be neath the earth In far away Kasama. You. who have never heard of such a place—and by far the greater major ity have not—may draw out your map of Africa and search it minutely for the name, and yet not find It. But there In the wilds of northeastern Rhodesia lies the body of that other man who was striving with might and main to finish the work he had set out to do—to cross Africa by motor launch. gold Imports a matter of primary Im portance to the rest of the world. It seems assured that these Imports last year were not only a fresh record, but will attain a total not less than 28 per cent, of the world’s output. This total, it is stated, Is owing to the un interrupted prosperity of the country, following a sucession of good mon soons. Growing Coffee In Paraguay. Paraguay Is successfully growing coffee. Farmers’ Educational and Co-Operative Union of America Mitten Especial Moneat to the Profnuive Agriculturist Honor Is not without its profit. Keep up your spirits. Better days are coming. The non-productive loan Is a money wasting loan. Before you jump look out for the place to land. The resolution that failed was worth while, after all. The true way to grow rich Is to keep out of debt. Repentance is all right, but no need of it Is still better. The higher you climb, the harder it will hurt you to fall. Beauty is said be only skin deep, and some folks are terribly thin skinned. The price of good government is constant watchfulness on the part of the people. To lift up Is better than to look up. Both are necessary to a forward moving life. "Every man his own politician,” is a timely, slogan for these days of un rest and reform. The most economical man is the one who spends the most money to the best purpose. Running farm machinery means more than sitting on the seat and holding the lines. Every farmer should carry life in surance —widowhood Is sad enough without the curse of dependence. People who wait for greatness to be thrust upon them forget that the supply of thrusters is always limited. It requires large bodies of men and very costly methods to make laws that often one official easily destroys. Many a man who boasts that he is the architect of his own fortune must have stood in with the building in spector. That’s a good old-fashioned one from the Vermont man who prefers an ox team paid for to an auto with a mortgage. There is one class of farmers who never need worry about their children going away from the farm. There's another class that doesn’t care. TO MARKET FARM PRODUCTS Co-Operative Action Among Farmers Reduces the Cost of Selling and Transportation. The vast majority of the average farmer’s time is given to production and the little remaining to distribu tion, or the marketing of his products. Why should a farmer spend week* of toil and thought on growing a cred ible crop and then dispose of It to the first buyer that appears in many cases? Think of the effort on all sides put to production without a thought even" to marketing. The cause of this condition In this coun try is the plenty on all sides and numerous markets. Only in a few cases has necessity worked to form i co-operation among growers which results in discriminate selling as well as growing. Western fruit growers for instance were forced to co-operate because they were far distant from any market. Denmark was changed from a country of want to one of prosperity by the operation of a well defined co-operative system. Ger many would be at a loss without it. Co-operation selling among farmers reduces the cost of selling and trans portation. It standardizes the prod ucts and guarantees the quality of product. Lastly it equalizes distribu tion. The latter trouble is especially apparent on the apple market in this country. Not enough apples are pro duced to supply every demand. Yet, in many localities apples go to waste for lack of market. A complete system of co-operative selling could not go into effect at once. It must come gradually. Par cels post will aid the farmer to work up his own special trade which means that he will reap profit from his mar keting as well as from his produc tion. They Want to Work. When any boy wants to work we believe he should be encouraged, for there are too many boys and men who are afraid of the real thing. We know a good many boys who really want to work. They are students of agriculture In our colleges and want employment on the farms of progres sive men during vacation time, which is usually about three months, begln ging in June. Farmers who can use these boys should write us at once. As they are studying various branches their prospective employers should state the line of farming followed. The boys will expect fair farm wages and try to earn them. They need the money for their education. Fruit Growers Combine. Fruit growers of the Pacific coast are forming a local association for the handling of their crop. One of these associations recently sold 250 car loads of apples In one lot to a single firm in Kansas City and got better prices for them than they had ever received before selling in the old fashioned way. Add Variety. A few hollow-crown parsnips and roots of salsify, put in the cellar with other vegetables in the fall, will add variety to the winter table, and as easily grown and stored. Kills Cut Worms. Poison bran mash scattered through the garden about the time the first plants come up will be ef fective against cut worms. WHAT FARMERS REALLY NEED Sufficient Information Has Been Se cured Regarding European Co- Operative Associations. We cannot understand all this im petus just now in the running over to Europe of various special commissions to learn about the credit systems for loaning money to farmers. It seems strange in the first place that we have to run to Europe for new Ideas when we are so smart ourselves, but the bug is on and the people are going over under one form of organization or an other, notwithstanding that all the facts were officially determined long ago, so that we really do not need to go’ hunting for anything, says the Den ver Field and Farm. In 1892—over twenty years ago —Edward T. Peters prepared a report on co-operative cred it associations in European countries and their relation to agricultural inter ests for Hon. J. M. Rusk, secretary of agriculture, who published it. In this report there is discussed quite clearly, though concisely, the German credit unions or people’s banks, the Raiffeisen loan associations, German legislation on co-operative as sociations, people’s banks of Austria- Hungary, co-operative banking in Italy, and co-operative banks In Russia, so that we cannot understand at this late date what the craving Is all about. In transmitting the report it stated, "these people's banks have a success that Justifies their existence, as they fill a virtual vacuum In banking oppor tunities for the agricultural and in dustrial classes." It is also said that In a large number of cases they have been of great benefit to agriculturists and that "co-operation has assumed an altogether new importance as the re sult of circumstances especially char acteristic of the Industrial era In which we live.” Since 1892 a great deal has been said through official investigations and still more has been written on this sub ject. Theses, magazine articles and books have been published, using the systems established in European coun tries a half century ago as the theme. Documents have been printed in great quantities. That such systems pos sessed undoubted merit has been rec ognized; Indeed, the long-continued success these institutions have en joyed should be ample evidence of their beneficial and sound character. Yet no permanent impression has been made on American minds. No agency or association such as the Grangers or Farmers’ Union has taken up the mat ter in any businesslike way and pushed a movement forward calculated to put in operation in this country some one of these financial or co-operative plahs. i It seems very Btrange therefore that a few people around the country are just beginning to wake up to all this clatter about foreign credit systems, which a few of us, at least, who are at the front of agricultural thought, have known all along. The thing has now become almost a fetish among certain people and this tendency has no doubt been ably fostered by the routing com panies which make a specialty of hik ing tourists off to Europe under one pretense or another. We now have a new expedition under way to be com prised of two delegates from each state, who are to sail under the direc tion of one of the big touring agencies, ostensibly to .attend an international congress in Rome, with continental trips here and there, so that it looks like the same old junketing exploita tion for the seeking of something with the finding of nothing but a good time and the accumulation of a few facts already known. All we need now is to codify these things into a substantial law. GAIN OF CO-OPERATIVE CLUB Oldest Farmers' Organization of Its Kind in World Reports Best Year in History. A farmers' co-operative society that has been successful for 30 years re ported this the best year ever at its annual meeting held at Rockwell, la., recently. This is the oldest organiza tion of its kind in the world, and has been copied all over America and to some extent in Australia. The principle which has made pos sible the success of this society, and which is now being questioned in the courts, is that members must sell grain and live stock only through the company. If a membet sells to any competing concern he must pay into the company treasury a stated penalty per pound or per bushel. Rigid ad herence to this rule has made it pos sible for the society to compete with line elevator companies, and carried it through In the early days. This year the society at Rockwell has paid the highest prices for grain and stock, and has sol<f lumber, coal, oils, meals, boots, shoes and clothing at the lowest practicable margin, and has cleared $7,688. They have handled 526,000 bushels of grain during the year. The society Is on a solid basis, with total assets of $69,312 and liabili ties of $31,836. Acid Phosphate in Henhouses. The best practice Is to use acid phosphate or floats freely In the hen house. You can put the manure Into order for drilling by thorough ex posure to drying air and then pound ing up and running through a coarse sieve. It is deficient In phosphoric acid, which the soil usually needs, and at least fifty pounds of a good grade of acid phosphate should be added to each 100 pounds of the dry manure. Four or five hundred pounds per acre may be the most profitable amount for your rye. Eggs for Hatching. It is best to select eggs for hatching from the older hens, wherever possi hie- They seem to bring stronger chicks, as a rulo, and a larger per cent, of the eggs are fertile. Smutty Corn Kills. Several horses in Kansas are re ported to have died from eating corn on which there was smn* ‘SEE AMERICA FIRST' Organization Formed to Encour age Study fif Geography. Persons Go Annually to Europe Whd Have No Idea of the Wonderful Beauties of Mountains and Glaciers in United States. Chicago. —Byron wrote of Portugal, "It is a goodly sight to see what heav en hath done for this delicious land.” But Byron had little to Impress him compared with what the United States ofTers. Some people realize this, among them the Glacials, a widely spread organization formed to encour age the study of the geography of this country In the public schools. The members plan to send a memorial to the president of the United States ask ing that one day in the year be set aside as "See America Day," and that special exercises be held in all schools on that day. Postage stamps will Bhow western scenes if this organiza tion has its way. The fact is that what this country and the west in particular needs is a great big band wagon, the Glacials de clare. People go annually to Europe who have no Idea of the beauty and re sources of their own country. As a result millions are spent abroad that ought to be kept In the United States. The west in the United States and Canada offers mountain scenery that equals and in some instances surpass es what one sees in Norway and Swit zerland. If American tourists instead of embarking on a sea voyage were to turn their faces Inland they would agree with European travelers who come here in saying that at our very doors we have enough scenic marvels to content the most exacting globe trotter. The traveler to the Pacific coast If he really wishes to see the west should Royal Gorge, Grand Canon, Colorado. avail himself of the numerous stop over privileges allowed and visit some of the national parks and large cities en route. The most remarkable stu pendous scenery in the country—un less It be Niagara—la In the west. If the tourist goes byway of Canada he can have a journey over the very back bone of the Rockies and In comfort able cars skirt the base of mountains over 10,000 feet high that have never been known to be free from snow. These are the American Alps, and one need not cross the ocean to aee them. HYPNOTIC BURIAL IS HALTED Philadelphia Mesmerist Who Had Pri vate “Graveyard” Behind House Arrested. Philadelphia.—Joseph D'Audenrland, 2102 East Monmouth street, was ar rested on a charge of practicing hypno tism contrary to law, just as he was about to bury an unconscious subject to demonstrate that the latter could be kept In a hynotic state for forty eight hours. The grave had been dug In D’Auden riand’s back yard and an elaborate coffin had been sent there from an un dertaking establishment. A large crowd - of neighbors had seen the hyp notist place his subject under a spell, wind the man in a shroud and place him in the coffin. The hypnotist wai screwing on the lid when the police arrived and made him bring the sub ject "back to life.” Magistrate Campbell held the hypno tist In SSOO ball for a further hearing Kept Eight Doctors in Relays. Philadelphia.—For four week a pre ceding the death of Hunter Brooke, millionaire grain broker, two physi cians were constantly at his bedside. Eight physicians, including some of the best In the medical profession, were paid a weekly salary to attend him. Arrangements were such that they watched in relays of twos. In addition there were four special nurses and a hospital interne al ways within call. Must Marry or Get Out. Chicago.—Bachelors occupying the Hyde Park Y. M. C. A. dormitory are given three years in which to find wives, the “time limit- being set by the secretary of the Hyde Paric branch. “Either get married or get out,” is the ultimatum issued.