Newspaper Page Text
THE SPRINGFIELD HERALD.
Vol. xxvn. No. 24 Ten Years Of Dry Farming. Continued S. M. Konkel In Farm and Fireaide time. Now every man has his riding lister, two-row cultivators are everywhere, sulkies are com mon, disk harrows are in evi dence, one-row binders, which had never been seen, are plenti ful, each neighborhood lias one or more grain binders, grain headers are here and there, and threshing machines have loomed up in the different settlements; and, as an evidence of moderni zation, the telephone, the motor cycle, and the automobile have come. Land Prices 20 Yean Ago. The difference that is put on the value of land now and ten years ago is an indication of the transformation of the country. Twenty years ago it was selling at from twenty-live to fifty dol lars a quarter, ten years ago at from fifty to two hundred dollars a quarter, and today at about one thousand dollars a quarter. The difference in the valuation of land now and then isn’t a mere matter of the new settlement that has since come in, but the general prevailing contentment and prosperity of those who have been here long enough to get ahead. After having been here for some time I began to wonder if something might not be done in the way of farming; and about the same time Campbell came out with his magazire articles on the subject of “dry farming,” and his pamphlets soon followed on the same subject. Macaroni wheat was just then having an inning, barley took its place in the new order of things, spelts came in for its share of attention and Kherson and Red Texas oats lined up in the procession; and to all these the new order of things here, agriculturally, is indebted. Some of these things have since been dropped from the program and others are declining in pop ularity, but the impetus given to farming by these contributing influences has taken the country out of the domain of conjecture, doubt and uncertainty as to whether it is agricultural or whether it isn’t. No one stops now to ask someone else what he thinks about it. The question is settled. It is an agricultural country of a certain dependable class, and from this recently acquired elevation there will be no recession to materially impede it’s onward course, I have been here for more than ten years. and during this time there has not been a singli failure In making a good crop in my locality where any kind of intelligent farming was done, I have a neighbor who has farmed here twelve years and oome outontopat the end of every year with a good crop, Some Big Results You will notice that the above is a modified statement. I have known other localities during this time that under the farming in vogue raised only fodder, and still others where there w»s not rain to make fodder worth cut ting, The kind of land ip such oases has had much to do with it, and the kind of farming very often had a great deal mope to do with it than either the season or the land, With any kind of in telligent farming, op good land, end partioulai-ly on oqr sandy loams, some moisture will be stored away in the cultivation of one-row stuff for the yeei follow ing—a little more each year than the year previous, up to a certain point, so that a failure of fodder is out of the question even when rain for the season is wanting. The facts are that we think no more about rain than our brothers away back in the rain belt. It may not rain for two, three, four, or six weeks, but stuff keeps right on growing, so while we are wonderincr if it is ever going to rain again we still have a feeling that at the end of the season we will have some thing to show for our summer’s toil. Of our methods of farming,the tendency is towards a uniformity and the uniformity is in the right direction. What one does n’t find out another finds out for him, and he profits by it. The tendency is towards deepness for a moisture-holding bed, and a moisture retentive condition of the soil. Listing is pre-eminent ly the moisture-bed method of planting. It wants to be done deep, and on hard land it wants to be done once—twice would be better—before planting. If I were on hard land I would list in the fall, then in early spring as deeply as six horses could pull the lister—of course always breaking the middles—and then again in planting. We ought to watch our chances to do our back listing after a heavy rain to bury the moisture, and the first in ward cultivation should be : done likewise. If we can succeed in burying two or more heavy rains we will have grain, and if we can then have one good rain at grain I ing time we will have a big crop. Our problem for success out here is extensive farming, as a gainst intensive farming in the back-east country. A man here who would try the forty-acre in tensive plan, would starve to death. What is wanted here are fast working tools. A proper one<>man equipment is a two-row lister, a two row cultivator, a one row binder, a threshing ma chine and a baler, a broomcorn seeder, and of course secondary tools in proportion. One man last year with such an equip ment raised five thousand bush els of inilo maize and thirty tons of broomcorn, with no help ex cept in harvesting. Such an e quipment calls for six or more horses. This is the proper e quipment. A man needs at least four good horses, a good lister, a two row cultivator, and a one row binder to make a success, and If he hasn’t these the prob lem he has to solve is to get them; and about one hundred and sixty acres is what he wants to cultivate, After the stuff is up we want to get over it three times, the first time throwing the dirt out, the second time throwing it in, and the third time completely leveling the ground, Of course farming bore wants to be complemented with the necessary stock. A man needs not less than three hundred and twenty acres of land, and a dozen good mares, twenty good cows, I ten to twenty good hogs to fat-1 en, and around three hundred heps on the roost in the fall. I will add that less than half the work here will keep the soil in a better receptive condition thap Ljaek in the rain belt. This is jpartly from the nature of our soils, and partly from the fact tfoat we don’t have the enormous rainfall to pack it down. For this reason even the work that we do is easier—the necessary work for the same results. It is this that gives to extensive farming here its practicability.! CX>nalu«lcd next ti cvlt. SPRINGFIELD, BACA COUNTY, COLORADO, FRIDAY, JAN. 23 19J4. The decisions of our corres pondents as to the poorest ad. in the paper developed some sur prises. The editor was figuring that Gurn Thompson would get a whole lot of attention through the poorest ad., and bless or lives he wasn’t even mentioned. The most of our correspond ents didn’t seem to like “them furrin ads.,’’ while Baker’s ad. gets one vote as best and two as poorest. Mrs. Mills ad. also gets one bad vote. Lamport. Albert Peterson was trading at Wentworth Saturday. H. C. Greer was visiting at Elley Sitton’s Suuday. Mr. Jasper, the hustling mer chant of Oampo, took dinner in our neighborhood recently. Billy Lee of near Wentworth, says he is in this country to-stay. He is one of the pleasant bachelor homesteaders of our county. Mr. Cline, one of the locators in the west part of the county, passed through here last week. ' Levi, the cowboy bachelor and farmer, was seen on our streets Su:»day. There will be a pie supper at ’ the Lamport school house Valen tine’s night, Feb. 14th. Louis Cohen has traded his land in Kansas for eight mules. Some are now plowing. Wentworth. Roy Cofield took his broomcorn to Elkhart last week and brought back freight for Gurn Thompson The children in the neighbor hood are just getting over the chicken pox. Our spelling school is progress ing nicely. Everyone learning fine. Rev. Johnson will preach for us Saturday night, Jan. 24. The"people in this neighbor hood have organized a prayer meeting. BAILEY j At Springfield, has wagons that have been used, work Harness, all kinds of horses and mules, a well drill complete and deeded land all at a low price.—Adv., 2—15. Blaine. Alfred Lucas and Sherril West went to 1 amar last Thurs day for freight fer WaJe Burnet. I . F. Mathews is Keeping bachelor's hall on his ranch, F. Dunlap returned from Beuver.Okla., Wednesday. He had been down to visit his father and moth r this winter, C. Watson and the two Miss Ilennebergs went to Springfield last Friday, returning Saturday, Wade Burnet and wife went to Stonington Tuesday in their car. Geo. Lucas is helping Lyle Knox on his house. THE STATE TAX COMMISSION The. supreme court, four to three, recently decided the tax suit in favor of the State Tax commission, and the ooun ty assessors consequently got busy raising the tax valuation of all property according to the first order of the state com mission, which was 12,67 per cent making a total in this county of .•>277,000 above the valuation of the assessor, County and state boards of I equalization exist in ail states, I I but it’s our idea that county as sessors should be given certain directions or instructions in the assosment of property, and made officially responsible for any f la-j grant violations of their iqst.ruc j tions. But as the Herald can’t effect these regulations, we shall have | to worry along as best we can j under the present system, under which the orders of the State i Tax commission, supported b,*; I the supreme court, is probably the very best that can be done t.o meet the present situation. County Judge Jackson . There is little m6re of direct ev-1 idence of the cofiduct of judge Jackson than there was the week he made his get-a-way; but from all the evidence at hand we are still of the opinion that he was practically moneyless when he landed at Lamar. One thing is very certain, Jackson was foolish to go crook ed and run away for what he got | outofit. At present it is known that he got the money on five homestead proofs* but as three of these were taken about two months ago it ia probable that the money was all spent before he left. It is known also that he got money on one or two contest notices, and long age on some filing case 3, probably two. three or four, y In connection with the office, there was nothing he could get his hands on, outside of the land business connected with it, so there was nothing in that way j he could get away with. Outside of government land money, there was $225 borrowed from the Two Buttes bank on Chatties, and about SIOO bor rowed from Wlp. Thompson on Chatties; but tills money in both cases was reooived something like a year ago,; and of course was used up lonfr ago. So far as present evidence goes, this is thefcioney appropri ated by judge Jgckson up to the time of his j absquatulation, which gives credence to the view that he left with not very much money. At the Citizens State bunk at Lamar be passed his check on' the Two Buttes bank for SSO but lmd to give the up at Syracuse. At Su racuse he gave his check at a store for JtyO, and we under stand that at Kausas City he passed one or two for small amounts. Mrs. Jackson claim* the cows and horses mortgaged to the Two Buttes bank The bankj succeeded in getting th’ stuck out - of the county, and we understand Mrs. Jackson intends to sue the bank. The horses mortgaged to f Win. Thompson would have been sold last Saturday, but they weie j rambling over the country and could not be found. We understand Mrs. Jackson had $1,400 in the Syracuse bunk, that she loaned $4.00 recently, and still has $1 (XX) there to her credit. Presumedly Jackson went straight back to his old home in Benton county. Mo., and is there at this time, As to the exact crlmo of which Jackson Is guilty, it seems to be a matter of some doubt. It would look as If it became U. S money when it passed into his hands, as in this case he is act ing as the govenment’s agent, and it would look under the cir cumstances that the government ought to be responsible for the defalcation. if, however, it is only a breach of tiust, the chances are that he | may remain in Benton county un-1 til tome more crooked work, takes 111 in to some other quarters • unless indeed the surety com- , pany should see fit to bring him j back to answer for such branch of trust Boston. ' Rev, Jones of Stonington, was lin this neighborhood the first of the week. E. Lepel and Ed Stapleton were at Elkhart last week. iildrjdge and Roy Bryan wort in this neighborhood last week, i Sam and Jim Niohols have gone j to eastern Kansas on a visit Rev- Nidy preached to h largo 'alliance Sunday night. I I would rather you would not publish my name as correspond? ent. James Villors and Doe Cukl well have purchased buggies. If it were not for seeming origin al, we would say, “look- out girls!” One by one the boys are fall ing. The latest vic‘em is T. E. Bar, one of the, “faithful ha'f dozen.” He was tomahawked, sculped, slain, and devoured last week. The remaining Five little Indians, Full of sor row and gloom, In fear and in trnnblin.% Are awaiting their doom. Vilas. The Conner boys were hauling feed Thursday from the Walters’ place. Several young people met with Miss McAdams Friday evening for the purpose of col lecting some dialogs for Hie lit erary Friday night. Every body invited to the literary. Vilas is rather dead at pres ent. The ‘‘four hundred’’ wi th ink are taking a longslccp af ter a continued round of plea-- ure. Some also are cripled from too much frolicking on tlm ice. But such is life in the far wed. Stonington. The weather has been like spring fora few days and tin* mud is rapidly disappearing. The Thompson storo has purchase ! the whole Daggett stock. Wm Dagget -Jr. returned to Syra cuse Saturday, having closed bis busi ness interests here. Mrs. D. 0. Drown has gone east to Visit. The school won in the recent spelling contest, there being seven students on the floor after the other side had gone down. The mock trial brought to light some fine talent. Messrs. C. E. Gillmoro, S, L- Thompson. W. A - Thompson, and J. C. Waldron wore the counse lors at bar, i Rev Dean preached a very fine s-.-r mon Sunday morning . vlso another one after the Christian Endeavor service atnlght.. Campo. Lou Williamson has returned tu Elk hare for another load of H. H. goods. Geo. Bowman is staying with .7- c Alford. Ray Dunn and Jaa. Merrilk-ldare in the cedars this week. Wm Terebough and Floyd Richards . have returned from a nip to Elkhart | M. b. Lee made a trip to the coun j ty seat last Tuesday. George Petty was a Springfield vi it <>r Saturday. Mr. Coe has been on the •■grippe”! list recently. In respor.ee to inquiries regarding 1 why 1 suggested the publication of correspondents' names, all imjL.n is will find my reasons c-mbodiid in tiie editor’s article, entitled "A .-ugge - tion”in issue of the .nd inst. ...util. Sandy Soil Dee Williams .nd Claud'* Mar-1 tin mndu a trip to tin* < un?y seat one day last \v< ek. Miss Mabel Ivosi-i grunt » ed Gob hi Neal I ist VV-rln a I > evening Franklin Sacks ami win- i.t ed J. H. Neal and family Sun day. Mrs. Howard was at Sprim • field last week. Ira Williams and family ate home again. Mr* Nidoy visited at Long’- Wednesday. Frank Neal was .it Cunpo t! e i first of lie week. Welcome. Welcome school had a lot of visitors this week. Mr. Editor, what do you think iof feterita for this dry country? (Talk of it next week—Editor). I think the Ist Nat/I Bank ad. would be hard to beat, i The I Lerald is fine. I think you have greatly improved it. As to signing the name, F think it best as it is. Stock is leading un well Fanciicr, Davis, and Turner have gone to spend the winter olse where. Mr. Egitor, toll us something about the OK) acre homestead hill that we have been hearing about of late. (In the early future will pub lish the bill.- Editor). It matters little whether an ad. is the lies: or the poorest — il it gets ihe attention. The best ad. with nobody coking at it Is n’t worth 5 ets. LOCALS. HerbHomsher went to Denver j to-day. li. Tankersl.v cut up a uood ! pile for the editor on the 10th ; inst. Bert. Schneider o! Kegnier, was a county seat visitor 'Tues day. Question for a debating socie ty; Would .i pit silo pay in Baca county? The Horn beys delivered Iced at the editor’s home on. the 21st inst. The roads to Lamar by next week, il tin' weather remains right, will be pretty good. The editor wants a ton of coal, and the first men who speaks, gets the job. L. 'V. Jackson went into court Wed nesday, pleaded guilty ana paid the costs, somethin:'; over a SIOO Ira Greathouse and Zeal Nor ton were business visitors to Springfidld the first of the week. The Mail and Bn eze and Cap per’s Weekly will cost you .">() cts. —in connection with the Herald. Ask Ed Measel for one of those neat cards turned out lor him this mock by the Herald force Attorney Allen returned from his Topeka visit with his parents on the twenty-first inst. He re ports si. jolly time in Topeka, but Baca county for him. Ivl Stapbton of Boston deliver ed two porkers to A, A. Denne.v Tuesday, and incident illy got up in the Herald band wagon for the coming year. Thanks. There is a dispute in this office as to whet,her two of the orna ments in the Long ad. are up side down. In case they are balloons, they are alright. The first 1 hit.g that rau gib oin* eye at (In.. I’nln-r’s one d:iy tTiis week’ w.r “th< in garden seeds” —in th” den i of the. winter. Yon •v1 i! ■ 1 *e them on either side of the do >r as von go in. Since print iner tho inside pages, tfie school situation has changed. Mrs I Phogley is rapidly improving, and will ’ report for duty Monday morning. Mrs: I Old n lias boon employed to leach Miss. Gordon’s room. Merchant. Warren of Artesia, was a guest in town over Mon day night,. M * Warren opened his store in November, and re ports hu ; "o<s since that time as very good. Miss Mi -o Donor, one of the bos' 1 :• e former teachers of this c unty, writing from mini’s, sa.vs sir- likes t.he Springfield Herald under its present management, and to change it to her new addi-oss. G T. Dishnutn of liodley, who fornu lry clerked in tlv Daggett, store at. Stonington, jumped up on the Herald family hand n with the He aid I'amilv for ihe ■ ar. Tl ■ • C. F. and m .v 'he rest of Rod ley go (come) and <ie like". is* . '■ A. Campbell r-(M u rned yes terday fro . lint -'linsi.n, Kir when he Inis been on a, short vis it At Lanui.r lie laeated four persons in his neighborhood of No. 0, and has ten more on the String. (a«RAW OVJEW Will F h took Mr. Shieman to Elkhart last Wednes day morning. Halls ar.d Steeles got. in from the cedars Thursday ni’hfc. | Tiny report some pretty big snow stories, hi", ay their ho se did not snflt-M*. Mrs. Earlt’la ip was p. visitor ’ Wedn Fred Collins went to Elkhart the first of the we *k-. Mrs Bert Glasgow and Fluid ( r. : visited with Mrs. Garvie [ one day last week. Which of the “half dozen” will be the next for the scalping knife? Mrs. Oldem is visiting <■'■ oloss this week. $1.25 Per Year. OUR ADVERTISERS. Liggett A Colo is t he firm name of sm appropriate com bination of real estate enterprise and le gal talent. <Frost Legget’s name is r household word in the Prowers land district, he having boon for many years receiver of ':he Lamar land office. Mr. Lig getconsequently knows the real estate part of the business from A to izzard. Ally n Cole is acquir ing a reputation as lawyer, andin crossing lances with older prac titioners has shown his legal a cunian and ability to hoe his own row. The Herald joins with their many friends in wishing contin ued success to the firm of Lig ett & Cole. Maurice l ong is >t permanent fixture of Springfield and Baca county. He is sociable and a greeahle—just the nature suited to the hotel business. He is now conducting the old Homsher ho tel, now the Long hotel, and is getting a goodly share of trade in that line. A Happy Surprise. Mrs. Will French planned a pleasant surprise Friday even ing in honor of her husband’s birth- day. The invited guests were: Will Hankins and family, Fred doll ins and wife, Earl Clapp and family, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Hall and son. Jim Davis and family, W. U. Games and family, Mr. and Mrs. I) W. Babcock, and El mer French. They all met at Elmer’s'and took Will by sur prise Tim early part of the ev ening was spent in games and singing, after which a lap supper wjis served by the hostess, con sisting of coffee, cake, and «an cl witches. 1 They all departed at a late djour, each one declaring they had enjoyed themselves immenc* ly and wishing Will many more Happy Birthdays. v One Who Was There. Where They Are Pretty Prairie is a prom inent locality of the county, and it. well deserves the name that has been given to it. The Pret ty Prairie sciiool house may be considered as a central point, and all that country between the Sandy Arroyo and Bear and Horse creeks on tne west and north as part of the Pretty Prairie territorry. North Flats will be next con sidered. A well Pleased Advertiser. Elkhart, Jan. 14,1914. Mr. S. M. Konkel, Editor Springfield Herald. Dear Si r:— Your favor of the 12th in.st. received and ve enclose our check for the amount of lour advertising for the month I'd December, and wisli to assure I you that wo are mighty well ph ased with the results. We oav« noticed the articles from you r subscribers in regard to the neatest and classiest ad.s with a great deal ol satisfaction, for the majority of them seem to give ours firs, place. We can readily agrej with them, for you have surely given us a neat attractive ad and we wish to assure you and your subscribers that our yard ami stock of materials is just as neat and attractive and jour prices are right. Yours yerv truly, Win. Washburn. Nursery Stock. Call and so.- the trees I have growing 1 in lot-, ill Spring! .11. If you contem • mo figure with you. Delivery about April Ist, fron: the <!i i> a Nurseries, Lawrence, Kuna. E. Emerson. Big Banco! Friday night, Jan. 31 tl A Piano installed for theoccasioi and thus have the very best tin sic obtainable. Invitation is t everybody -adv.