Newspaper Page Text
H2Q United States, which gave to
world the science of aviation, as \ exemplified in the experiments of ' the Wright brothers, is now pre paring to step Into line with the other world powers and to estab lish an aviation corps for the de fense of the nation In time of war. Up to this time the United States has been behind other na tions in this matter. The Ameri can air navy has been more or less a joke. The United States, f « according to the latest available statistics, ranks mighth among the nations of the world with re spect to her air force. By reason pf a bill recently passed by the sen ate all this Is Co he changed. An aviation corps, distinct from the- signal corps, In which aviator* have heretofore been placed, will be formed; 60 officers are' to be selected from the cream of the army and 260 privates are to be drilled In the es aentlAls of pilots. At the same time approprtar tlona are to be made for the construction of a number of military airships, Including biplanes and dirigibles, and the more or lesrf antiquated . models now in use by the army will be relegated to the scrap heap or used only for demonstration purposes. The bill providing for the establishment of this aviation corps—the “eagles of the army”—-was introduced into the house of representatives on May ,16, 1913, by Representative Hay of Virginia, chairman of the house committee .on military af faire, and was passed last December. The bill, hacked by ah appropriation of $260,000, authorized last May, gives the army signal corps, command- - ed by Brig. Oen. George P. Scrlven, an opportu nity to go ahead with the work has been planned. • At the present time the army aviatloQ corps, nnder the direction of Col. Samuel Reber, though a compact and essentially efficient body, is very small when compared with similar organisations maintained by the other world power*. Secretary of the Navy Daniels recently recognised this cry ing need for a larger forte of aeroplanes when he said. “The question of aviation Is one of the most Important In connection with the military service of the United States today. “Great Britain, Germany and Prance are the only world powers which outrank the United States In naval strength. “The value of aeroplanes to the army Is prac tically incalculable. Their scouting field Is tre mendous and the information which their pilots bring back may be instrumental In saving hun dreds of thousands of lives. “But there are other Invaluable uses for aero planes In the navy. A torpedo costs SB,OOO and torpedoes are frequently lost In practice through deflection In direction, which makea It Impossible to follow them from the conning tower of a ship. But the aerial scout In a flying machine can fol low a torpedo's course unerringly by watching It < from above and the price of one aeroplane la only a fraction of that of a torpedo. “Then, again, water —comparatively opaque from a point near Its surface —becomes trans parent to an observer In the air. Experts say that mines can be easily located by aerial scouts. One mine may wreck a; |10,000,000 battleship. An aeroplane, costing but a fraction of this sum, would mean the ship's safety. “In my opinion, the newly-developed art of avia tion will not only tend to limit the duration and scope of hostile operations, but will also aid In the control of the seas, one of the elements con tributing materially to the power and prosperity * of a nation. “With the Panama canal, as well a* our coast fortifications to guard, not -only from land and PREDICTS A NOISELESS CITY Stretchy Btuff for Paving and Furni ture ie the Prophecy Made by» eastern Journal. Enter the noiseless city! At last the tired nervee of the city dwellers arc to be relieved of the lnceesant din and clatter of city streets, which, ac cording to our nerve specialists, are partially reaponslbla for the increas ing insanity rate of our cities. Rub ftor is to replace brick, stone, and UNCLE SAM’S AIR NAVY water, but also from the air, steps must and should be taken to muster an air fleet absolutely second to none on either hemisphere." The reason for the selection In the Hay bill of the army for the first experiment is because the army Is at present far behind the navy In attention to aviation and In the success attained by Its corps. This is dne to the fact that the army has been very much hampered by lack ,of sufficient funds and by the failure pf congress to designate any single branch of the service as an aviation corps, placing the burden of the air work . on the Signal corps. • • • ‘ > ‘ ' The navy, on the contrary, has for some time possessed an aviation corps which has done splen did work. The recent movement of the base of this corps from Annapolis, Md., to Pensacola, Fla., has given the navy additional- opportunity -ex cellent work. When the fleet was ordered to Vera Crus the battleship Mississippi, which acted as the home station of the hydros, was sent south vtfth the other fighting units of the navy, and the work of the navy's aeroplanes' In the neighborhood of Vera Crus was the subject of more than one complimentary message from Bear Admiral Fletcher. The army sent no to Mexico for a; very good reason—lt had none to send that could do the work demanded of them. The army's fleet of aeroplanes Is divided Into four sections, one at Galveston, Tex.; one at San Diego, Cal.; one in the Hawaiian Islands and one In the Philippines. These military aero planes are out of date 1 In the sense that they are capable of being used only for scouting purposes and are not fitted for either defensive or of fensive purposes. , In the event of an invasion of Mexico the army aeroplanes at present In use would be Invaluable for use In determining the position and number of the enemy’s forces. But when It came to active participation In a battle they would be practically useless, while the majority of the European air corps are fitted up with’ special rifle rests, ammunition carriers and munitions of war In order to repulse attack from above or to offer fight to forces on the ground. “We must start by perfecting our scouting sys tem,” is the opinion of Col. Samuel Reber, who Is In charge of the present aviation squad, “as a child first learns to crawl. After that he may take up walking and then running. In the case of aviation 'running* means we will have a fully equipped fleet of offensive airships—our actions will probably consist of anything but ‘running’ In the literal meaning of the word. “The advantage of the aeroplane for scouting purposes can hardly be overestimated, ’the mili tary pilot seated five hundred or a thousand feet In the air Is able to see points of vantage and to catch glimpses of men on the gftmnd which would be entirely invisible either to -.the com mander or to his scouts on the level. The num ber In any one detachment could be ascertained with a surprising degree of accuracy by a pilot versed In the art of war and the Information which he brings back to earth would be invalua ble to the commander planning his campaign for the next hour. "We have succeeded In bringing our aviation scouting operations to such a degree of success that the time Is entirely ripe for the next step In the logical sequence—the establishment of a separate aviation corps which will be powerful enough to defend Itself If attacked or to give bat tle to small bodies of men on the ground, In addi tion to niaklng the highly important and Im mensely valuable surveys of the territory In front of the advancing army." The Hay hill provides for the creation of “an aviation corps which shall be a part of the line asphalt as the paving of future cities, according to the prediction of Sir Henry Blake In opening the fourth In ternational rubber exhibition In Lon don. Advances In the production and manufacture of the product during the past three years have been so great as tq bring within the realm of reality this Utopian suggestion. Af the London exhibition everything possible was made of rubber. One entire room was completely furnished In rubber. The walls were covered with it, skillfully disguised as wall of the army and In which theta shall be officers In number, and with rank while serving in the corps, as follows. One officer of the rank of major, who shall be the commandant of the corps and of the aviation school; two officers with the rank of captain and not to exceed 30 officer* with 'the rank of lieutenant." “No officer shall be detailed as commandant of the aviation corps unless he shall have displayed especial skill and ability as a military aviator,” continues the bill, in order to make it Impossible for an officer some other branch of the army to assume charge of the corps merely through political Influence. It will be remembered that Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood and Representative Hay were always at daggers drawn, and those Who. are familiar, witli. this feud see an echo of it In this provlsldh of the Hay bill. That service In- the Aviation corps will entail much greater danger than ordinary military train ing calls for 1b recognised in the section of the Hay bill which provides that “officers of the avia tion corps Bhall while on duty that requires them to participate in aerial flights receive an increase of 60 per cent In! the pay of their respective grades In the corps.” The 60 per cent increase in pay Is also extended to the enlisted men, not to exceed 260 in number, who will participate In the work of the corps. The establishment of an army aviation school Is provided for. . The bill says: “This aviation school shall be located and maintained at a mili tary post owned by the United States and not within the District of Colombia.” The object of excepting the District of Columbia Is said to be twofold: First, to remove the school as far as possible from the Influence-- of the bureaucracy alleged to govern the war department, and, sec ondly, to prevent the overcrowding of the govern ment ground In the. District. It is the hope of the men who have the interests of the American aviation corps at heart that be fore long the triumphs of the newly-born branch of the army will be such that congress will not be able to withstand the pleas for appropriations sufficient to place the aviation corps on an ap- level with the corresponding branches of other great armies. "What was the matter with that woman you saved from the Are?” “She was mad. Said I used brutal haste In yanking her out of the burning room.” “What was the reason she didn’t want to leave?” “Why. she had her poodle's hair only half curled." “What have we here?” “An article about the most beautiful girl In America. Shall we print her picture?” “No,” said the magazine edjtor. “Describe her as much as you please, but let every reader draw his own mental picture.” “Daniel Webster Sroythe. don’t tell me yon haven’t been in swimming! Your hair Is still wet.” “As I was cornin' home, ma, my foot slipped an I fell under a street sprinkler." paper; the pictures were mounted In tabber frames; even the carpets were of the same all-conquering material. Tables, chairs, blotters, inkstands, pa per weights, letter racks, penholders were of rubber, while the electric light fixtures were of vulcanite. Dain ty curtains hung at the windows; even these were of rubber hung on rubber f rings, suspended on a rubber pole! Outside the hall where the exhibi tion was held was a tennis court made of rubber, for which is claimed the most perfect results yet attained SPOILING THE JOB. THE BETTER WAY. A LIKELY YARN. QUITE DIFFERENT. “That woman treats her husband like a dog." "How dreadful!" "Yes, but the dog she treats him like Is an important Pomeranian pup she’s crazy about." for the game. Its resilience gives the halls the rebound of billiard cushions After witnessing an exhibition match on the court the rubber growers and attending were Invited to a luncheon, where again everything but the food —even to the menu cards —was iff rubber. No Offense. “If every dog has Its day, why can’t a cat have her night?" ‘‘Because r» cat seems able to have a night without a fence." ORCHARD GLEANINGS SERIOUS PEST OF ORCHARDS Injury Cauasd by Brown Tall Moth Cannot Bo Eatimated tn Terms of Dollars and Cants. (By T. SIMONS.) The brown tail moth Is one of the oldest caterpillar pests of Europe and It Is very strange that the nests of this insect were not Imported into this country earlier than they really were. This European pest was first ob served In the United States in Massa chusetts In the early nineties, having been brought in on some roses. From Its introduction to 1898, no direct ef fort was made to retard Its spread, al though the state legislature had passed a law requiring local authorities to suppress the insect. In 1898 an ap propriation of SIO,OOO was made for the suppression of the brown tail moth. From 1900 to 1904 no con certed effort through state funds was made against the gypsy and brown tall moths In Massachusetts. Individual effort by local towns and private par ties met with only partial success. During this Interval these two pests gained a tremendous headway and it was necessary for the state to appro priate in 1905, $150,000 per annum to aid in the control of these insects. The following year, $225,000 was ap propriated, and in 1909 this was In creased to $500,000 by the United States government and the states of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Con necticut, Maine and Rhode Island for work In the suppression of these A Mass of Imported Seedlings Show ing Nests of Brown Tall Moth. pests In New England. In addition the enormouß expense to towns, vil lages and private individuals through their effort to protect and save their property and the loss of timber and the depreciation of real estate will bring the cost of these two insect pests in New England states alone into many millions of dollars. As these pests are rapidly spreading into many other sections of the country, it behooves everyone to spare no means to prevent their establishment. According to the various writers, thb principal- spread takes place through the flight of the moths just after they emerge from the pupal stage into adult moths, which is usual ly during the early part of July. The flight of these moths takes place at night; they are seldom seen flying in the daytime. The injury caused by this insect, where established, can hardly fee esti mated in terms of dollars and cents. The foliage of all fruit treeß, especial ly pear and apple where available, seems to be the preferred food of the caterpillar, but they freely attack all shade trees including the oaks, ma ples, elms ahd the like. Pines, spruces and other conifers are the only exceptions. This extensive range Cf food plants shows' the possibilities of severe damage to our trees and shrubs if this pest becomes estab lished. In addition to the injury to fruit, shade and forest trees, there is an other feature which if not alarming is troublesome and endangers the public health. The caterpillar bears tiny hairs which are barbed. When the in sects molt these barbed hairs are shed. These hairs'float about in the air and are a constant source of trou ble to persons living in an infested district. When these hairs come in contact with the skin they cause se vere irritation and an annoying rash is the result. This of itself should cause strong measures, looking to the elimination of this pest, to be adopted. FERTILIZE THE SMALL FRUIT Excellent Plan -W\h Btrawberry Plant to Mulch Along i* December With Stable Manure. It is hardly possible to use too much manure in the email fruit garden. Fer tilizing is the basis of all great crops of berries. After strawberries are started, a very good way to manure is to mulch in December with stable Ut ter, raking off the coarser material in spring. What is left will • have a tell ing effect *pon the coming crop. Unless this has been done, do not at tempt to apply manure. But you may haul it in to the raspberry and currant rows,, also the gooseberries and black berries. Apply it liberally. This is no place to economize. Throw it on six inches deep all about the bushes, and if you can command enough labor to dig it into the soil, all the better. If you have no time for this, the work is still very profitable. Rains will carry the nourishing elements down to the roots, and the roughage left will be a desirable mulch. Great Damage by Aphis. The green plant lice called apple aphis have caused a great damage to young, growing apple stock in many nurseries during the last two years. Setting the Orchard. § In setting the ordhard stick to the proved varieties. Let some one else do the experimenting. Prevent Injury by Borers. A thick coating of whitewash ap plied to the young trees will prevent piuch Injury from borers. FRIEND IN THE DARK By F. J. CLARK. (Copyright.) I’d been waiting to see the notice a whole year, and when I saw it one Thursday afternoon, you can Just bet it made me whistle some. And the Joke was, I’d not as much as two dollars to my name, and it felt Just the same as if I’d Btumbled on a gold mine. I tore a generous slab out of the paper, being careful to allow a good margin around the notice, put it care fully away in my pocket, and hiked over to my friend and adviser, Jim, the Turk. He was asleep, after being out all night, and I’d quite a time to awake him. ’Read this!" I said, thrusting the piece of paper in his hand. "I’m go ing to blow his coop tonight, and I want you to come along.’’ ’’Who is he?” he asked after he had read it. “Don’t know him.” “Why, that's White, the banker,” I said. "He’s worth half a million. He lives over,in Jersey and has a reg-. ular Solomon's temple of a home. That states he and his family are go ing to attend a swell wedding in- this old burg tonight, which means that he’ll not be at home and that we’ll make a clean-up.’’ He shook his head. "Sorry, but I can’t go along with you. Spotty, my boy,” he said. “Got a very important engagement on hand for thiß evening, and I can't turn it down. But don’t allow that to inters fere with you. That’s a chance you don’t want to let slip by. But you want to be mighty careful. You know them suburb Jobs ain’t as easy as they always look. For my part, I prefer those at home." There was a train left the city at 12 -m., an ideal time, and I board ed it. I arrived in the Jersey town at 1:30 a. m. I knew just where the house was located, Jor one afternoon, several months before, I had taken a sur vey about to be in possession of the facts, when the time arrived to do the trick. Well, In three-quarters of an hour I’d the place gone over from top to bot tom. I’m a quick worker, and I worked my best. And I’d made quite a haul. I’d a big bag chock full of soil'd silverware, and besides I’d about fifty dollars’ worth of Jewelry—rings, bracelets, cuff-buttons, and breast pins I’d run across upstairs in the dif ferent sleeping rooms. I chucked the bag of silver over my shoulder when it occurred to me 1 want ed a drink. I laid it on the floor, and went back into the dining room, where 1 remembered having seen a flask of whisky while I was helping myself to the silver, and a box of cigars on the buffet. I picked up both of them and returned to where I’d been, which room happened to be the library. I lowered myself into a big, com fortable Morris chair, poured out a good sized drink of the whisky, and gulped it. Then I lit a cigar. 3f course, I was all smiles. Two dred would put me in clover, for the coming month, at least. And I was in a position to enjoy the cloven- I took another drink, puffed several times more on my cigar, and told my self I’d tarried around about long enough. As a farewell drink, I poured out an other one, and was about to raise it to my lips when a soft sound behind me broke the quietness of the room. I shot around, and found myself In the line of the shining barrel of a big revolver. It was backed by a tall, smooth-faced, grinning individual. He was framed in the doorway leading into the hall. “How do!” he greeted pleasantly. He’d knocked the speech clean out of me so that I didn’t find it for a minute or so. “Well, I guess you’ve got me, all right,” 1 said. “Yes. Looks very much that way,” he smiled. “But just for safe keeping, put that bad looking pop you have there in your hand on the table. I’ll feel easier, besides I like to have such things where I can easily see them, and you might be tempted to use it if you got the least chance.” 1 didn’t do his bidding right off, for, when 1 gav® up my pop, I might as well tie my handß for him. But when he commanded me again, and made It very plain by, the way he said it that he meant what he said, I threw It on the table. "Now, empty out your pockets,” he ordered, “and be careful aot to leave anything behind.” I did without saying a word. “Is that all?” he questioned, frown ing. "Here’s my pock'ets,” I Invited. “Go through them, if you think 1 have more.” He chuckled again. “It seems so small, though. I’d think they’d have more Jewelry about. They’re well-to-do people, you know. The American Mule. Of course the American mule will play its part in the European war. It will be remembered that a mule was severely bombarded by the Spanish at S&n Juan hill. It was the American mule that drew guns and provision wagons across the veldt when Briton and Boer fought for supremacy in South Africa. If the European war 1b long continued the American mule will have to do much of the work. The prancing, dancing horse is all right on dress parade, but when it comes to dragging heavy guns through a bap tism of fire and death, or getting there on time with a chuck wagon nothing Is reliable but the plain Ameri can mule. Tie your mule in the bam. The Europeans will get him if you don’t look out.—Exchange. The Doctor's Advice. The late Dr. Torrop of Heywood, well known as the “factory doctor," was a keen critic of the housewives he came In contact with. He gave them advice at times in a very out spoken manner. On one occasion he was visiting a But, thsn, 1 suppose, they wore the good stuff to the wedding. I’d forgot. But sit down. Drink up. Ahd just pour me out one. You don't mind my drinking with you?” • “Not at all,” I said. “There’s plenty of it here, and you’ve got as much right to it as I have." He gulped the stuff and smacked his lips. “The rich chaps have the good all right,” he smltod. "Now, Just i*. me a cigar. We might as well havet* smoke together, too. No telling when we’ll meet again. “I hope it will be under different cir cumstances," 1 said. He smiled thoughtfully. “They could be worse.” He stud ied the end of his cigar. “It strikes me, my friend, you’re somewhat green at your business,” he observed as he blew out the first puff of smoke. “I’m inclined to believe an old hand would not have stopped to enjoy himself as# you did, but would have made to safer grounds, just as soon as he got every thing available." “You’re right," I agreed. “I surely am a greenie at the game. And nowj I’m satisfied «I’m a rank failure at the business. I’ve proved it by my foolish conduct this very night” He knocked the ashes off his cigar and looked over at me. "Did you ever stop and think what kind of work you’re engaged In?” he questioned seriously. “Really, did you ever stop and think?” “No, 1 guess 1 never did,” I an swered. "I thought so, my friend. Well, you want to stop and you want to think, and think hard, too. It may be a good thing for you. You may come to realize you’re In the most business in the whole world, and one that pays you least, when you come to consider all things. You’re going about with your life in your hands, and on every job you tacklfc you’re Inviting a bull, a regular, or a watchman to try his aim at you. And besides, state’s prison is staring you in the face. Take tonight, for in stance, couldn't 1 have plugged you full of lead jUBt as well as not, arid done so before you’d have time to say boo? Just as easily as rolling off a log. And let me tell you right there’s a good many, if they’d been in my place, would have-done so,' too. “Have people been in the habit of using you kindly?” he asked. “Have they been using you as you’d like to be used?” I shrugged my shoulders and smiled. “It’s been so long since a kind act fell my way that I’ve forgotten all about it,” I said. “The rough part of the world has always been mine and always will be, I suppose.” “For the most part you may deserve it,” he said. “You may not be the kindliest on earth yourself. One thing sure, you cannot expect to find kind ness and encouragement when you follow what you’re at uo’w. But sup pose now, 1 should do you a kind turn, would you benefit by it? For instance, all I’ve got to do is to take up that transmitter over there on the table and call In the police and have you- dragged off to jail. But suppose I don’t do it, but instead let you go, would you call that a kind act? You asked me a little while- ago who I am. I said I might be the chief of police. Well, I’m not, anil. It strikes me. If you’d done a little your own, you’d have come to conclusion that Mr. White wouldn’t go away and leave such a beautiful home after him as this without somebody on guard. You wouldn’t yourself. And he didn’t. He left me here, an I’m a plain, everyday watchman. And now I’m going to let you go. So now, we’ll have another drink together, and then make yourself scarce! You can’t tell what might happen.” Of course, I was delighted to get away,- and I told myself I’d pay back If I had to wait till I was dy ing and remember him in my will. It was daylight when I got into the city. And being yet broke, the two dol lars that Jim the Turk, had loaned me « going for car fare, I went up to Rosen baum’s, the pawnbroker, to make a borrow. He had loaned me some, and 1 was over In a corner of the store, reading the paper. The door opened and a tall, smooth-faced man stepped in. In hla hand he carried a good sized grip. Rosenbaum greeted him and took the satchel. ‘Til be back in half an hour or so and collect,” he said, turning ward the door. “Who is that guy?” I asked Rosen baum as he went out. « “Him!” smiled Rosenbaum. “Don’t you know? Why, he’s Red Andy, the slickest bureau-tapper that Chicago ever turned out. He blew in here a couple of months ago. He made a good haul somewhere last night, too. Just look." I I leaned over the counter and looked Into the open grip. It was choking with the silverware I’d collected at Mr. White’s home. Then the counter came up and hit me In the forehead, at least I thought it did, but It was really me takin’ a tumble when I real ized I’d fell for his phony guff and let him make the clean getaway. patient and, cucumbers and onions be ing mentioned, the doctor asked if the lady knew how, to properly prepay® that desirable appetizer. waiting for her reply he began to , down the law.” “Take a good-sized cticumber,” he said, “skin it lengthways; cut It Into very thin slices. Next an onion: shred it as fine as the cucumber; place in alternate layers In a shallow glass dish; season with pepper and salt; cover with vinegar, and leave in a cool place for four hours; then tako up the dish very carefully, walk into the backyard, and pour the contents into the ash-pit!”—London Mall. Fish Ring for Dinner. According to the London Globe, the goldfish in the warm mineral water of the famous Roman baths, at Bath, have learned to ring a bell for their dinner. A metal ball floats in the w» ter with an ingenious pivot attach ment, from which strings in the water. When a goldfish pulls the strings a bell sounds and a cup of ants’ eggs Is turned automatically into the water.