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PAPER BAG COOKING
WONDER-WORKING SYSTEM PERFECTED BY M. SOYER, WORLD'S GREATEST LIVING CHEF COOKING CHILDREN'S GOODIES. By Martha McCulloch Williams. Lives there a child with appetite so dead that his mouth never waters when the word "Goody" is mentioned? Goodies of all sorts are the especial gastronomjc delight of all children, and let me add that goodies of all sorts can be made more digestible and more delicious by being cooked In paper bags. It was an acute social observer who wrote: “Housekeepers instinctively add grease and sweetening when cook ing for company.” The same rule ought to prevail In cooking for chil dren. Food cannot be too rich for young, thriving creatures, provided It is properly proportioned. Perfect pound cake 1b a meal in itself, ginger bread as perfect, but little less satis fying, while as for tea cakes of the right sort, crisp, sugary, melting, an active healthy child may eat all it chooses of them, and be bettor for the eating. Make all these not merely good, but attractive to tho eye. Make also sponge cake, raisin cake and many manners of fancy tartlets. Make them individual—in that will He the su preme charm. Begin by cutting a big bag length wise Into strips two Inches wide. Oreaso each strip half an Inch from one edge, and cut blunt notches Into the crease, three-quarters of an Inch apart. From another bag, spilt open, cut rounds or ovals, four to five Inches across. Fasten tho notched strips to these with small clips, letting the notches stand outside and clipping the ends where they come together. Thus you have a flat-bottomed individual mould, to be filled, after buttering, with anything you like. Filled, the moulds are slid Inside a large lightly greased bag. the bag set on a trivet, and after scaling, baked In the oven. Let the cakes cool In the moulds, then tear away the paper and frost them or decorate them with candy or nuts. Here Is Mammy’s Pound Cake—and better never went In anybody's mouth. Take ten eggB, a pound of flour, sifted with two teaspoonfuls of cream tartar and one of soda, a pound of sifted sugar, three-quarters of a pound of best butter, a wineglass of brandy or sherry, a tablespoonful lemon extract. Cream the butter very light with half the sugar, add the other half to the yolkB of the eggs after beating them foamy light, and thon beat again. Put In the butter and sugar, mix well, add the liquor next, then half the flour, putting in a cupful at a time. Fold In next part of the egg whites, which should be beaten so stiff that they will stick to the Inverted dish. Add the rest of the flour, then the last of the cgg-whlle. Stir in the lemon ex tract last of all. Pour into thickly buttered bags or very thin tin moulds thickly buttered. Seal the loaded bags and set on a trivet In tho oven. Put moulds inside greased bags, seal and put on the grid shelf. Have the oven hot enough to turn white paper yellow A Paper Bag Dinner By Nicolas Soyer, Chef of Brooks' Club, London. Duckling with Turnips: Thoroughly butter a paper bag, place the duckling Inside, cut a few slices ot carrot and turnip into fancy shapes, cut up a few blanched spring onions, and add a bouquet garni. Pour In three ta blespoonfuls of tomato sauce and a wineglassful of Madeira. Season with salt and pepper according to taste. Cook for forty-tlvo to flfty-flye min utes, according to the size of the bird. Chicken a la Reine: Take a fowl trussed ns for boiling, and rub It well over with a split onion. Place It In a well-greased bag nnd add to It a gill of good stock. Add also a sprig of parsley, a bay leaf, a sprig of sweet herbs, and, If obtainable, two or three spring onions, all tied together. Take four ounces of well-cooked rice and add It to the fowl. Place the bag on the broiler, simmer very blow |y in a moderate oven until the fowl is cooked, then dish up the fowl on V hot dish, remove the herbs and empty the rice Into a fresh bag. Add to it a tablespoonful of stock, a gill of cream, a little grated lemon peel, a dust or nutmeg, and pepper and salt tc taste. Mix thoroughly, add the well-beaten yolk of an egg, make hot again on the broiler and serve at onch. Turkey and fillet of veal are both In five minutes. If &• peper score a» It Is too hot—cool It y setting a very shallow pan of cold-water upon the floor Just before putting In the cake- Take out the pan after a few minutes, of course, first turning down the gas flame, or pushing In the dampers to reduce heat. Cook at moderate heat until done through. It will take an hour to an hour and a half, accord ing to the thickness of the cakes. Midway the baking they should be shifted—those from the grid shelf set low on the broiler, those from the broiler put high, so that they will cook) evenly. Make holes In the bag tops and test the cakes before taking them up by thrusting in a clean straw or thin knife blade. If the thing thrust In comes out with no stickiness cling-, ing to it. the cake Is done. Bag cook ing prevents crusting over, and there-, by facilitates rising. It also saves from burning and avoids the risk of jarring by too much opening of the, oven door. Baking powder can be| used in place of soda and cream ofj tartar, but to my thinking the old way Is the best. Raisin cake Is made almost the same as pound cake, but takes a little longer and slower baking. Every household almost has Its own favorite gingerbread and tea-cake. Make them In your own way, but re member to make them festive. You can do this easily by cutting them out In all manner of fancy shapes bei sides those already suggested, from frosting them In many colors—white, pink, green, yellow and brown, and sprinkling them before the frosting ; hardens, with tiny colored candles, or chopped nuts, or candled peel, or citron very finely shredded. NOURISHING BEEF DISHES. L wonder how many careful house mothers know stuffed roast beef? To make It get two flank steaks of gener ous size, sew them together with clean strong cotton and stuff bag thus formed In any way you like. Tie up the steaks. Butter them well over the outside. Slip into a well buttered paper bag plenty large enough to hold them, add a tablespoonful of water, cook In a hot oven three minutes, then turn off the heat more than half and cook for forty minutes more. Very heavy steaks may take longer, and light ones a shorter time. Sliced onions laid around the steak will flavor the meat and the gravy. Take four pounds of round beef—the best cut. Rub over liberally with but ter or clarified drippings, but do not salt, and put into a bag. which has been thickly buttered, along with half a can of tomatoes or three large fresh ones, peeled and chopped, one minced onion, one small red pepper, three cloves and six grains of alsplce. Score the beef lightly on top so as to press the spices Into It. Cover It with the tomatoes, onion, etc., and lay on them a lump of butter or dripping rolled In salted flour. Add a tablespoonful of vinegar and water mixed. Seal bag tight, and cook very slowly for three hours. A gas Jet turned half down gives about the right heat. Take from the bag, pour out the gravy—In a saucepan if you want it thickened with browned flour; otherwise. In the boat. The meat will be very tender and delicious. Yorkshire pudding does not abso lutely demand cooking underneath a roast. To go with this round roast, you can make It thus. Beat two eggs separately very light, then add to them alternately a cup of sweet milk and two cups of flour, sifted with half a teaspoonful salt, and a teaspoonful baking powder. Mix smoothly, pour Into a very well greased bag, seal, al lowing room for rising, lay flat on a wire mat and cook for twenty-flve minutes in a fairly hot oven. (Copyright. 1911, by the Associated Literary Press.) excellent cooked after this recipe. Lima Beam: Take a quart of Lima beans, add two ounces of butter, four ounces of diced ham, a little sugar and salt, a teaspoonful of flour and sweet herbs' to taste. Put In a greased bag with half a pint of water and cook for sixty minutes In a mod erate oven. Spinach: Pick over and thorough ly wash two pounds of spinach, leave the vegetable as wet as you can, and put it In a bag. Add a pinch of sugar and a title salt. Seal the bag and cook for thirty-live minutes. Then stand the broiler bearing the bag over a large plate, and prick the bottom of the bag In such away as to allow all the water to run out. Fruit Salad: Take four peeled and thinly Bllced bananas, halt a pound of well washed and dried Hamburg grapes, ditto strawberries, an apple, and two large oranges. Pinch each grape slightly. Hull the strawber ries, peel and slice the apple and or anges very thinly. Mix all well to gether In a deep bowl. Pour over a small bottle of raspberry syrup and a tablespoonful of brandy. Mix well. Leave on Ice till needed. (Copyright, 1911, by the Sturgis A Walton Company.) Historic Blackguards By ALBERT PAYSON TERHUNE Copyright, by the Press Publishing Co. (The New York World). Guy Fawkes: And the “Gunpowder Plot” ' BIO, beard e d man, known a a “John son," A aroused some idle curiosity by bid ding in at auction tbe lease of a vault or coal cellar un derneath tbe House of Lords in Lon don. Johnson ex- GUY FAWKES plained that be was the servant of Master Thomas Plercy, who lived next door to Parliament House, and that he wanted the vault as a storage place for fuel. A band of daring, If unscrupulous, men resolved to rid England of King James, the royal family and Parlia ment as well by the very simple meanß of destroying the whole lot at one blow. Their plan was to nil the cellars of the House of Lords with gunpowder. Then, on the day when the king and his family should come, to open Parliament, to set a match to the powder and blow up every one In the building. Robert Catesby, Thomas Plercy and eighteen others were In the conspir acy. They chose as the actual assas sin a brave, heartless soldier of for tune whose real name is said to have been Guido Fox, but who is known to history as “Guy Fawkes.” No one knows whether Fawkes was to re ceive money for his deed or whether he consented to do It through hatred for King James. Parliament was to meet on Novem ber 6, 1604. The king and most of the royal family were to be there. At a signal Fawkeß was to light the pow der train and was then to escape by ship to Flanders. The other conspira tors were to kill or captrue any mem bers of the royal family who did not chance to be at Parliament's opening. No one betrayed thlß plot, which might have changed the history of the world. Yet It was discovered. The discovery came about In an odd way. One of the conspirators—which one was never known —was a friend of Capt. Kidd —“Sheep or Wolf” SK the aver age peraon to name a o m e “famous pi A rate. The chances are two to one that he will say. “Captain KI d d." As a matter of fact, Kidd was a very third rate sort of pirate, not to be Captain kidd compared In villainy, exploits and wealth to dozens of captains who are today forgotten. A doggerel song ("My Name Was Captain Kidd, as I Sailed”) and the foolish belief that he bifrled vast treasures somewhere near New York are the two things that have made Kidd Immortal. In the latter part of the .seven teenth century the American coasts swarmed with pirates who spoiled sea commerce and blocked travel. King William 111. of England sent Lord Bellomont to New York as governor, with orders to stamp out piracy. Bellomont liked the Idea of combin ing duty with profit. So, with Robert Livingston and other rich, shrewd Now Yorkers, he formed a company to make money out of crushing the pirates. A powerful warship was to be fitted out and sent against the freebooters. They and their plunder were to be seized, and the profits of the enterprise divided between the company and the king. Next, Bvllomont and Livingston looked about for the right sort of man to captain their warehlp. Livingston suggested a "right worthy and honest mariner,” "William Kidd by name. Kidd was the son of a Scotch clergy man who Is salfl to have suffered mar tyrdom. Kidd was made a shareholder In Bellomont's company, took command of the thirty-gun galley Adventure and set forth -on his pirate-chasing task. He bore with him a commission from the king, made out to "our well beloved ani trusty William Kidd.” After an unimportant capture or two, he vanished. -For a time nothing was heard, directly, from him. Then came ugly, rumors that shaped themselves Into facts. « It seemed that the "well beloved and trusty William Kidd” was doing things that tended to make him neith er trusted nor beloved. In short, he and his crew, who had been sent to destroy piracy, had themselves be come pirates and were holding up and Lt>rd Monteagle. a noted English statesman. He sent Monteagle an anonymous letter, begging him \ to keep away from the opening of Par liament. Monteagle, not sure_wbether or not the warning was a joke, show ed it to the secretary of state. The secretary laughed at it as a hoax, but was induced to show it to the king. James (who was so cowardly that the sight of a sword used to make him ill) fell into a frenzy of fear. On the night of Nov. 4 he ordered Par liament house searched. As the searchers neared the cellars they met Guy Fawkes coming out. He was seized before he could dart back and the place was ransacked. The sight of so large a pile of wood roused suspicion. The wood was cleared away and the gunpowder barrels were discovered. Fawkes, raving with helpless strove in vain to set Are to the gunpowder and to die with his enemies. He was overpowered and dragged before the king. There he made surly, con temptuous answers to all questions and refused to betray his accom plices. But torture at last made him speak The conspirators were Beized and most of them were executed— Fawkes last of all. An old chronicle gives the following account of his farewell to the world: “This very tall and desperate fel low . . . made no long Bpeech, but (after a sort), seeming sorry for his ofTense, asked a kind of forgiveness of the king and the state for his bloody intent." All Europe shuddered over Eng land’s narrow escape. The fifth of November was ordained by King James “to be observed forever as a day of thanksgiving." For centuries thereafter Nov. 5 was celebrated throughout England much as we cele brate July 4. Amid bonfires and noise Guy Fawkes was burned in effigy.' So, for more than three hundred years after his death, Guy Fawkes has had the honor of an annual “Day” —a privilege denied to most heroes and accorded perhaps to no other blackguard. robbing merchant ships. This news aroused tremendous excitement Pub lic feeling ran dangerously high. Many people even hinted that Bello mont, Livingston and the rest had se cretly formed a piratical company and were only waiting to gather th« spoils. Bellomont, thoroughly scared, reported the bad tidings to the king, who received them with horror—real or assumed—and who. In 1698, or dered every British-port to be on the lookout for Kidd’s capture. Meanwhile the "well-beloved" Kidd, cruising the Spanish Main, heard of the plan to arrest him. Leaving his large ship near Haytl, he hastened northward In a sloop laden with $70.- 000 worth of treasure and with a crew of forty. He touched at Oyster Bay, L. 1., sent for a New York lawyer and opened negotiations with Bellomont. It Is supposed Bellomont sent word that the captain had nothing to fear, for Kidd landed and went on July 1, 1699, to Boston to talk matters over. There Bellemont arrested him and packed him off to England to stand trial. Then the company sent to th® pirate sloop and seized the treasure. As Kidd had started out to do such great things the public grew to be lieve that $70,000 could not represent all his plunder and that he must have burled part of the treasure. There Is no reason for thinking so. Kidd, meantime, was placed on trial In England. He denied that be had ever consented to be a pirate and said his crow had bullied him Into It. He could not be convicted of piracy, even by a court which for some mysterious reason rushed his trial through with suspicious haste and lack of Justice. But he was found guilty of having killed a mutinous sailor named Will iam Moon by bitting him over the head with a bucket. For this crime Kidd was condemned to death. He was banged on May 24, 1701, with nine of bis crew, at Execution Dock, London. To this day It cannot be deflnitely known whether Captain Kidd was a harmless old man, threatened Into un willing piracy by a mutinous crew, or whether he was the blackguard ac complice of a band of financiers who used him for their own ends and then disowned him. The haste and Injus tice of his trial led some to think his speedy execution was needed to hush a pirate scandal that would have In volved some of the highest names in England and In the colonies. A Large Hairpin Holder. Mrs. Naggat—I watched your sister fixing her hair the other day, and I must say she'B not the most refined person in 'ha world. Mr. Nagget—You don’t approve of her, eh? Mrs. Nagget—Well, you never saw me with my mouth full o t hairpins. Mr. Nagget—Of course not. What would you want with so many hair pins? His Abusive Eyes. Aunt Caroline and the partner of her woeo evidently found connubial bliss a misnomer, for the sounds of war were often heard down in the lit tle cabin in the hollow. Finally the pair were hailed into court and the dusky lady entered a charge of abusive language against her spouse. The judge, who had known them both all his life, endeavored to pour oil on the troubled waters. “What did he say to you, Caroline 7“ he asked, according to Lippincott’s. "Why, Jedge, I jes' can’t tell you all dat man do say to me.” “Does he ever use hard languago?" "Does you mean cussln’? Yassuh, not wif his mouf, but he's always givin' me dem cussory glances.” Not So Strange. I1WI WV M y w • “It’s strange that you never met the Count Spaghetti before,” remarked the heiress. “Oh, not at all,” replied the disap pointed suitor. “But he tells me he has been In New York for quite a number of years.” “Yes, but I always sbave myself, you know.” An Occulist Cook. When a certain Mobile man stopped for luncheon at a small railway sta tion eating house in a Mississippi town, an old darkey shuffled up and and announced in a gruff voice th« bill of tare consisted of ham. eggs, cornbread and coffee. After due deliberation the traveler stated that he would like some ham, eggs, cornbread and coffee. Such a preteneious order for on* person only appeared to stagger th* aged survitor. But he soon recovered bis equanimity and started toward the kitchen. Then he turned and came back with the Inquiry: “Boss, how will yo’ hab dem eggs, blind or looking at yer?” Advice. Medill McCormick, president of the Illinois Progressive Republican league, was talking at a dinner in Chicago about certain old-fashioned campaign methods. “Those methods,” said Mr. McCor mick, "seem as cumbersome to ub aa the methods of the moover seemed to the undertaker. “As an inebriate rested against a lamppost a mover passed him. The mover, an economical chap, was doing the moving by hand, and he had on his back a huge grandfather’s clock. "The inebriate starred vacantly at the sweating figure bent under the weight of the great clock and then hiccoughed and hailed him. "‘Hey,’ he said, "hey,—hlc—there!’ "The mover, stopped, turned slowly "Well, what Is it?’ be asked. " ’Take my advice, young fel,’ said the inebriate, ’an’ buy ’shelf—hlc — a watch.’" Colorado, top of the world, known everywhere as the greatest mining state in the Union, Is making amazing strides in its agricultural development. The story of its wonderful progress during recent years and its exceptional farming possibilities is tersely told in an attractively illustrated pamphlet, “The Fertile Lands of Colorado,” just published and now being distributed by the Passenger Department of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad. The text is by that well-known authority on all things agricultural, Mr. Clarence A. Lyman, of Loma, Colorado. HOWARD E. BURTON, ASSAYER & CHEMIST LEADVILLE. COLORADO. Specimen prices: Uold. silver, lead. Si: cold, silver. 76c; cold. 60c: sine or copper. Si Mailing envelopes and full price list sent on application. Control and umpire work so llclted. Reference: Carbonate National Bank BEE SUPPLIES of best quality at right price.. Rend for free 11. lustrated Catalog, with Instructions to beginners. T TAlirV of absolute purity. Just as it comes 111 I Mil'. I from the yurds of our members. *IVAiAJ A Sample by mall, 10c. The Colorado Honey Producers’ Assn. 14416 Market Street, Denver, Colorado COLORADO COLLEGE! INTERSCHOLASTIC TRACK AND FIELD MEET. COLORADO SPRINGS May 4. 1912. *3.00 FOR THE ROUND TRIP DENVER TO COLORADO SPRINGS byway of THE DENVER & RIO GRANDE R. R. “The Scenic Line of the World*' Tickets on sale May 3rd. Final return limit May 6th. Ticketa on sale at City Ticket Offlee v 17th and Stout Sta., or Union Depot. _ Low Tonrlat Fares to California OCfl FROM ALL MAIN LINE POINTS VVUIN COLORADO on the DENVER & RIO GRANDE RAILROAD “The Scenic Line of the World** (fiCONB WAY VIA PORTLAND, t#UU OREGON Tickets on sale April 27 to May S, 1912. Inclusive. Final return limit June 27. 1912. Through Pullman Standard and Tour ist Sleeping Cars dally to San Francis* co and Los Angeles. RIO GRANDE WESTERN PAClFft'w “The Royal Gorge Feather River CalftM Route** ijPH' Offers the transcontinental travels? more varied scenic attractions that can be seen from the car windows without extra expense for side trips, than any other line. SERVICE “BEST IN THE WEST” For fares and further detailed in formation apply to LOCAL RIO GRANDE AGENT Frank A. Wadlefgh, Goa. Paaaenger Agt Denver, Colorado.