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FISH SUPPORT TOWN
Anchovy Found in Large Quanti ties in Holland. Fact la Not Widely Known—Supposi tion That Mediterranean Sea Has Monopoly of Industry Is Er roneous. The Hague, Holland.—The coat or arms of Enkhulzeu, one of the dead cltleß of the Zuyder zee, bears three silver tlshes, which, It Is explained, are anchovies; for Enkhulzen owed a great part of Its prosperity to the anchovy fisheries. It Is generally supposed that the anchovy Is caught exclusively In the Mediterranean sea, so it comes as a surprise to most people to bear that It la so largely caught off the coasts Df Holland. Dutch fishermen have been familiar for ages with the fact that the anchovy comes up In great shoals nt certain times of the year and enters the Zuyder zee to spawn. There have, however, been consider able lapses of time when no anchovies at all appeared, and when It was reared that the Dutch Usher folk had lost their means of earning a liveli hood, then, suddenly, without any ap parent reason, the shoals of fish again became regular visitors. These last Tew years the anchovy has been par ticularly plentiful. Many a Zuyder zee fisherman has made hlB living for the whole year during the anchovy sea son, which lasts from six to eight weeks, and as much as 1,000 florins (1400) worth have been known to be taken In a single day. Formerly the method of capturing a shoal of anchovy consisted In stretch ing an enormous net with small mesh es between two boats. This net touched the sea bottom. Then the boats hoisted sail and the more wind there was the better pleased were tbe fishermen. They sailed on for a while and then when the net was Itrted It contained thousands of silvery fishes. Later on they preferred to llsh with stationary nets, because more llsh could be caught in that way. Each fisherman places his own nets In a certain part of the sea, and after a while comes to see whether they have been filled with fish. The anchovy brings plenty of work for many another category of persons than the regular fishermen. For the fish have to be cleaned, salted and packed Into casks. The cleaning Is done almost exclusively by women and children, the salting occupies the "salter" and the making of the many casks employs a little army of coop ers. Then the packing Is also done by experienced hands in such away that the anchovy can be kept for many years without spoiling. The herring fishers also often se cure millions of anchovy near the coasts of Holland. For as soon as they perceive a shoal coming their way they will fix anchovy netting Into their herring nets, and so often se cure almost miraculous hauls. The anchovy Is a small fish, the full grown specimen being only fifteen cen timeters (5.9 inches) long. The back of thlß fish Is bluish and the under parts are white, glistening like sliver In the sunshine. VADIM THE VAMPIRE’S DIARY Russian Who Calmly Searched In Street for a Girl to Kill Blays One In Hotel. St. Petersburg.—How a young man, who called himself "Vadim, the Vam pire," wrote out an account of the crime he Intended to commit and then calmly walked into the street In search of a girl victim was told at a remarkable murder trial which has Just concluded here. IRELAND'S WEALTH IN PEAT Country Has Abundant Supply in Its Bogs. Attention Is Turned to It a» Result of Coal Strike—May Result In De velopment of Resources Now Little Used. Dublin. —The coal strike In Ureat Britain has sent up the price of coal to such an extent In Ireland that the idea of turning to peat fuel as a sub stitute for coal is being seriously con sidered. A considerable quantity of turf Is consumed in Dublin at present, not Indeed as an alternative to coal, but as an auxiliary to It. Tbe poor use It Instead of firewood to light their Brea In the morning, and It Is also used chiefly by bacon curers. who And that turf smoked bacon haß an agreeable flavor. A new aesthetic taste also accounts for the consump tion of a further small quantity. Many Dublin people who have been caught by the glamor of the Irish lan guage movement and have spent holi days In Irish speaking districts In the NEW SENATOR FROM TENNESSEE NEWELL. SANDERS has been appointed United States senator by tbo governor of Tennessee to Oil the unexplred term of the late Robert Love Taylor, and has been sworn In and taken bis seat "I took her to kill her,” the pris oner, Nikolai Ratkewitsch, told the court. The evidence, says Reuter, showed that the accused strangled the girl in his room at an hotel, and afterwards inflicted thirty-five knife wounds on her body. He wrote In his diary an analysis of his feelings be fore and after the crime, and he pinned to the wall an account of his terrible deed, signed "Vadim, the Vampire," in which he asserted that he was the author of a similar mur der at another hotel a year ago. Inquiries, however, proved that some time back, when Ratkewitsch had hung a rope round his neck and was about to commit suicide, a passer-by— a man of criminal instincts —saved him, formed a close friendship with him, and Inculcated him with his own horrible ideas about murdering wo south or west of Ireland In the sum mer get a whiff of the countryside In their own drawing rooms In Dublin during the winter by using turf In stead of coal In their fires. There are quite a number of houses of which this Is true, not only In Bublln, but even In so-called Orange Belfast. However, all this consumption of peat Is a mere trille compared with the consumption of coal. What Is now being discussed is the possibility of using peat as a substitute for coal. Ireland would be the wealthier by thousands of millions of dollars If Its peat bogs could be turned to account on a sound commercial basis. The area of bog In Ireland la nearly 1,000,- 000 acres, or about 6 per cent, of the surface of the country. The Bog of Allen stretches across the great cen tral plain, and In the west of Ireland there are districts In which pjat cov ers from 20 to 30 per cent, of the en tire surface. Host of this peat area Is at present lying waste. Two or three companies make peat moss litter In comparative ly small quantities, and In very re mote districts the turf Is cut and used men. The teacher committed a mur der and escaped, and the pupil com mitted another and was arrested. Walk* Ten Mile* Asleep. Lakeview, Ore.—Miss Nellie Porter, twenty years old, arose from her bed and while still asleep walked ten miles, and was found at 3 o’clock in the morning, when she fell exhausted upon the porch of the Qlldden resi dence in New Pine Creek, fifteen miles south of here. She did not know how she had reached the Qlldden home. The last Bhe remembered was going to bed at the home of the family for whom she worked, three miles away. Her tracks were followed through the fields, woods, over rocks and through creeks which she bad forded. a.i fuel by the farmers. With the ex ception of the more or less artificial use of turf already referred to, these are the only uses to which peat Is ap plied in Ireland. The methods of preparing peat for fuel ore very primitive and would have to be changed completely to make peat fuel a real competitor with coal. An attempt was made some years ago to make turf briquettes, but the scheme, though It promised well, did not turn out as successfully as was expected and the company, like the turf Itself, crumbled to pieces. The moisture was squeezed out of the peat by compression and the briquettes when fresh seemed to be Just the thing that was wanted, but whatever defect there was In the preparation of them they were not able to stand the knocking about they got In the rail road wagons and canal boats. The problem of making peat briquettes that can travel by train without falling to pieces has, however, since been solved in Sweden and In other countries and this fact has given encouragement to Irishmen to take the matter up again. The coal strike has brought the question within the range of practical things as nothing else could have don*. HER DAY OF TRIUMPH 80CIAL FUNCTIONS IN HONOR OF THE GIRL GRADUATE. Here Are a Few Beaaonable Dlahee for Such Oecaalona —Cold Chicken Bouillon Alwa.-e a Part—Good Combination Balad. Just as the new bride Is feted with little social functions of all Borts, so Is the girl graduate given her own special festivity. One of the prettiest social functions given In her honor Is a pretty luncheon, to which are invited all the girls of her class. If there are twelve maids a long table will be used, but with a numerous company a num ber of round tables are preferred. The tables are got up In a very "partyfled" manner—dainty china, a profusion of flowers, burnished silver and sparkling glasses giving them quite a wedding air. New favors' for these charming functions are small, stiff bouquets made up like the old bridal nosegays. The flowers for these are artlflclal, the daintiest that can be bad, and about the paper horn that holds them there Is a frill of some pretty cheap lace. The long stem of the bouquet Is wrapped with tinfoil. The menu of the banquet may be as grand or as slm rle as one considers consistent with such gala fixings, but the usual spread includes some delicate appetizer, bouil lon, an entree In season, broiled spring chicken, u green salad, Ices and cake. Salted almonds or peanuts and little dishes of bonbons are scattered over the tables. Here are a few recipes for seasona ble dishes for such functions: Cold Chicken Bouillon.—Qet good roasting chickens and remove skin and fat when cleaning them. Put them on In cold water, adding at the same time one leek to each chicken, two tender carrots, one onion and a sprig oi parsley. Let the chicken barely simmer until It falls to rags. Take it off the fire, remove superfluous grease and then strain. Clarify the bouillon with the whites and shells of two eggs and then strain again. Put on the ire until needed and serve In broad tin teacups or, better still, bouillon cups. Many persons prefer the bouillon hot. Combination Salad. —Wash a head of romalne salad In several cold waters. Then take large shears and Btrlp the leaves Into pieces about an Inch wide. Clip green peppers lh the same way, cutting these almost to threads. Put these In a large bowl, add some canned asparagus tips carefully drained of liquid, two tablespoonfuls of chopped chives, and four tender beets cut In thin slices, and then throw In the ten der hearts of two bunches of celery, these spilt Into four. Use French dressing, olive oil, salt, pepper and lemon Juice. This salad should be kept cold as Ice before serving. Salted Almonds.—Shell two pounds of almonds and then boll them five minutes; remove skins while stlllf warm. This Is bow the almonds are blanched. As Boon as they are peeled, sprinkle lightly with fine table salt Lightning Cake. Melt In a cup one-third cup of but ter, then drop Into that two eggs. Fill a cup of rich milk and beat Into one cup sugar which has been sifted with one and two-thirds cups of Sour, one teaspoon of cream of tartar, one half teaspoon of soda, one-third tea spoon of salt Flavor with one-third teaspoon each of lemon and vanilla. Add more flour or milk If needed to make the right consistency. Brown Bread. Two tablespoons butter or dripping, half cup brown sugar, two tablespoons molasses, add a pinch of salt two cups of sour milk or buttermilk, one cup flour sifted with one teaspoon soda, three cups graham flour. If de sired, add one egg, beaten, at the last. Left-Overs Used. Use the left-over potato from a pre vious dinner In cakes with a smaller cake of sausage on top and bake un til they are brown. Ttfe sausage sold loose at good markets Is most con venient for' the cakea The potato should be mashed and seasoned with a little butter, salt and pepper. One housekeeper uses a little bacon fat in place of butter on the potato. Left over fish may be flaked, covered with cream and mixed with grated Ameri can cheese and be heated In the oven and served on toast All Fixed. "So,” said her Indulgent father, "young Mr. Nervey wants to take you away from me." "Oh! yes," replied the dear girl, "but he says he'll bring me back after the wedding Journey. He has decided that we shall board with you."— Catholic Standard and Tlmea Use for Milk Cana. Forty-quart milk-cans are very con venient for keeping flour, etc.. In, If you happen to have one that la not la use for any other purpose. COULD HARDLY MOVE. Kidney Trouble Caused Misery. Mrs. J. S. Downs, 219 N. Slxtb St., Cblckasba, Okla., Bays: “My back across my kidneys became so lame 1 could bardly move. My limbs cramp- ed and stiffened and I felt completely , worn out. Nervous [ness and headaches kept me In an un strung condition and frequent passages of the kidney secretions added to my dlscom •fort. I was soon re lieved, however, after I began taking Doan’s Kidney Pills and- when I had used four boxes, I felt like another woman." "When Your Back Is Lame, Remem ber the Name —DOAN’S.” 60c all stores. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. Safer Plan. “I let my house furnished, and they've had measles there. Of course, we’ve had the place disinfected, so I suppose It's quite safe. What do you think?’’ “I fancy It would be all right, dear; but I think perhaps It would be safer to. lend It to a friend first.”—Punch. Garfield Tea keepa the liver In condition. Insuring a clear head and good general health. Drink beforo retiring. Inhuman Fellow. "Upon what grounds do you seek a divorce?” asked the lawyer whom she had Just retained. "Non-support, cruelty or— ’’ “Both,” Bhe cried, tearfully. "He would hot support my passionate longing for a diamond necklace, and If that Isn’t cruelty I’d like to know I” —Catholic Standard and Times. Time. "How long have you been a widow, Mrs. Weed?” “It will be a year the fourth of next month.” “Dear me! Is It as long as thatf How time files!” "Oh, do you think so? Well, If you ever have to wait a year to look pleas ant when men offer you attentions you'll give up the idea that time Is much of a flyer.” f They Saved His Life. Does It pay to Btop your motor car after an accident and go back to see what has happened? Two young mo torists on the South side believe It does. With a green chauffeur these two boys were trying out a new model touring car. They were sitting In the back seat when the greenhorn at the steering wheel gave It a twist and came within an ace of hitting an old man at a crossing. The victim was so shocked that he fell to the pave ment, and a crowd gathered In an In stant. Looking back, the motorists decided that things looked bad, but that they had better go back and see whether the old party was killed. Finding him all right, but winded, they took him tor a nice ride around the parks. So pleasant did they make It for him that when they took him home to his wife he Introduced them as "The two young men who saved my life." They are now thinking of applying for Carnegie medals. KNOWS NOW Doctor Was Fooled by His Own Case For a Time. It’s easy to understand how ordi nary people get fooled by coffee when doctors themselves sometlmea forget the facts. A physician speaks of his own expe rience: “I had used coffee for years and really did not exactly believe it was Injuring me although I had palpitation of the heart every day. (Tea contains caf feine —the same drug found In coffee— and Is just as harmful as coffee.) “Finally one day a severe and al most fatal attack of heart trouble frightened me and I gave up both tea and coffee, using Postum Instead, and since that time I have had absolutely no heart palpitation except on one or two occasions when I tried a small quantity of coffee,which caused severe Irritation and proved to me I must let It alone. “When we began using Postum it Beamed weak—that was because we did not make it according to directions —but now we put a little bit of but ter in the pot when boiling and allow the Postum to boll full 15 minutes which gives it the proper rich flavor and the deep brown color. “I have advised a. great many of my friends and patients to leave off coffee and drink Postum, In fact I dally give this advice.” Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Many thousands of physicians use Postum In place of tea and coffee ip J their own homes and prescribe It I 4 patients. “There’s a reason,” and it is explain ed in the little book, “The Road to Wellvllle," in pkgs. Bve* rsaS the atm letter f a ate appeals from time ta time. They are aeaalae, trse, aai fall at basset taterest.