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By ALBERT PAYSON TERHUNE Copyright, by the Prene Publlehlng Co. (The New York World). Richard “Lion Heart,” a Ruffian Who Passed for a Hero rims is the story ot an [ English king who could I nuv iuuiu not speak Eng lish; a so-called hero who commit ted the most vil lainous atrocities; a blackguard who has been praised t»y poets and nov- RICHARD I. ellsta for virtues he never dreamed of possessing. He was King Richard L of England, nicknamed Coeur de Lion <“Uon Heart"). When Richard was only 16 (In 1173) die Joined a rebellion against his own father. King Henry 11. The rebellion vwas crushed and Henry freely forgave his unnatural son. But ten years later, Hichard was once more up in arms against his father; joining Henry's hitter enemy, the king of France, and doing all In hiß power to injure not only Henry, but also the country be ogpected one day to rule. fllchard and the French king at last ■conq";red Henry and forced him to algn a peace treaty. The shame of be ing humiliated by his son was too muck for the old monarch. He died broken hearted two days after the treaty was signed. Richard was now king of England. He had spent most of his life in France. He had not taken the trouble to learn the English language. Yet. for the moment, he was re morseful over his treatment of his dead father, and he won much sympa thy by weeping in maudlin fashion at the dead king’s tomb. Then, less than two months after he was crowned, he left England and joined a crusade which was aimed to win back the Holy lAnd from the Saracens. Richard wanted money for this ven ture. So he not only overtaxed his peo plo. but sold back England's rulersblp of Scotland, which hiß father bad won by hard fighting. Having done as much harm to his kingdom In two brief months as he comfortably could, Rich ard scl out on the Crusade. Of all the many crusader chiefs In Jack Sheppard, the “Dime Novel” Boy coach was halt e d on H o u n s 1 ow Health, Eng- A land, one moonlit night by a masked robber. As the highwayman rode up to the scared driver, with leveled pistol, a girl leaned out ot the coach JACK SHEPPARD window and demanded to know what lio wanted. With a sweeping bow the thief answered: "Only the honor of dancing one measure with your fair self." Helping her gracefully from the coach, he proceeded to go through a stately dance with her. then and there In the dust of the road. After which he handed her back Into the coach, bowed low again, sprang to the sad dle and galloped away, having stolen nothing except five minutes of a pret ty girl’s time. The highwayman was Jack Shep pard. And tho odd adventure set ev ery one in England to talking about him. Which was just what his van ity-crazed brain wished. (Dick Tur pin, Claude Duval and other drels of the road are said to have done the same thing—from the same motive.) Jack Sheppard's adventures have formed the plots of dozens of dime novels. Tie is also the hero of at least one famous book and play. Boys in olden times, reading a garbled tale «f his exploits, were wild to become highwaymen. As a matter of fact. Jack Sheppard was merely a low-born, reckless pickpocket and hold-up man, with a twisted, depraved nature and a degenerate brain. The accompanying illustration (reproduced from a genu ine portrait) shows he was not the handsome daredevil that the dime nov els have made him. His homely face is not unlike that of a criminal idiot. Sheppard was_only twenty-two when be was hanged. ~He was born in Lon don In 1702 and was brought up In a poorhouse. When he was old enough in work he was apprenticed to a car penter. He deserted his master and began to pick up a living by petty theft Being mentally deficient, he found this an easier way to get-on than by work ing He was soon caught and brought before a magistrate as a “runaway anoranUce.” He was released and at all the various crusades, none, per haps, has won as much fame as Rich ard —and on so little Justification. Be yond the capture of one Saracen city —Acre's surrender were not fulfilled to his liking, be retaliated by massa crelng 2,700 helpless Saracen prisoners whom he had captured. While certain deeds of ferocious courage In Palestine won for him the title of “Lion Heart,” yet he did far more harm than good to the cause of the Crusade. It was largely through him that the leaders quarreled among themselves and failed to conquer Jeru salem. There were two rival candi dates for the title of “King of Jerusa lem.” (They conferred the titlo be fore taking the trouble to capture the Holy City.) These candidates were Conrad of Montferrat and Guy de Lu slgnan. Richard favored Guy's claims. But he was forced to consent to Con rad's election. Conrad was at once murdered, and Richard was charged— whether rightly or not —with the crime. After twice advancing to within sight of Jerusalem, Richard gave up the Crusade In disgust and started home. He was shipwrecked on the way and was Imprisoned by Archduke Leopold of Austria, whom he had once Insulted and struck In Palestine. Leo pold turned him over to the German emperor and Richard lay for months In prison. Finally, by taxing his peo ple again and by swearing to hold the English throne as a mere servant of the emperor, he won his freedom. He hurried back to England, where he found his younger brother John and the king of France had Btirred up a rebellion against him. He put down the revolt, forgave John, and made war on France. Again he only stayed two months in England—just long enough to raise more money. He went to France, where. In 1199, after a five years' war. be was killed while attack ing the castle of a nobleman who had found some burled treasure Richard was greedy to seize. England has had three kings namjd “Richard." All three were more or less blackguards and all died violent deaths. once entered on a career of wholesale robbery. He afterward confessed that he stole from every one he could. This sort of thing brought him a cer tain notoriety, but not enough. He was a very ordinary, cheap kind of burglar. So he took to eccentric featß to get himself talked about. The dance in the road was but one of sev eral such antics. He used to dispose of his plunder through one Jonathan Wild, who was not only a receiver of stolen goods but a sort of thief-catcher as well. When Wild had gotten all the money possible out of a crook he would turn the fellow over to Justice. Thus he made an excellent living in both ways. Sheppard quarreled with Wild, who thereupon set the officers of the law upon him. Jack was arrested, brought to trial and condemned to be hanged. He was locked into one of the strong est cells in Newgate prison. For al ready he had a reputation as a clever jail-breaker. He was handcuffed and was chained to the cell floor. Yet he got away. Here 1b the story (proba bly exaggerated by the writers of that day) of his escape: He freed himself of his chains, bur rowed into the thick, ill-made wall with such instruments as he could And at hand, wriggled through the gap he made in the masonry and reached an inner yard. There he climbed a chimney and made his way into a corridor. He forced or picked the locks of six doors and came out at last upon the prison roof. Finding he could not get to the street from such a height, he went back to his cell, snatched up his blankets, tore and twisted them into a rope, returned to the roof and let himself down to safe ty. Two weeks later, while he was drunk, he was recaptured. Twice he escaped, but was too vain and stupid to keep his freedom. Through drunk enness or vanity he always made some blunder that led to his recap ture. He was hanged on Nov. 16. 1724. A mob of 200,000 people—from duchesses to ragpickers—turned out to see him die. When one separates the truth from the masses of silly legends the won derful Jack Sheppard appears to have been a dull, vicious seml-ldlot, whose only cleverness was a real genlns for Jail-breaking. Even among the des peradoes of his time he cut a very poor figure PILGRIMS AT SHRINE Many Persons Visit Church at Echternach, Luxemburg. Cvrlous Ceremony Part of Reputed Cure for Nervoue Dleordere— Several Banda Help Devout Keep Step During Hop. London.—The extraordinary spec tacle of betwen one and two thou ■and solemn-faced men, women and children hopping and dancing, back ward and forward, to the inspiring •trains of a number of brass bands was seen In the quiet little country town of Echternach, Luxemburg, re cently. The occasion was that of the feast of St. Wllllbroed, an eighth century ibbot of Echternach, and the hopping multlude Is formed of pilgrims to his ■brine, for It Is said that all those who •uffer from nervous diseases who will pass before the shrine of the saint displayed In the old abbey churcb here, hopping three steps forward and then two backward, will be cured. The scene reminds one strongly of a troop of howling dervishes, who aft er howling and waving about for hours, become frenzied and end by col lapsing. The pilgrims of Echternach are not so bad as that, but many of them danced until almost exhausted, and. with clothing burst open and perspira tion streaming down their faces, they staggered to drink the water held out to them by the onlookers, then dash ing through the crowd back to the places In a fever of religious excite ment. At a distance the procession looks like a huge party of merrymakers un til closer Inspection shows the tense and solemn faces. They came down the narrow streets In ranks of about six, each holding a handkerchief to connect him with his neighbor. Hundreds of women, ut terly careless of appearance, their black dresses covered with dust, hair combs and pins falling and faces red with exertion, struggle along, In many cases dragging children with them. White-robed priests, bands and ban ners head the pilgrimage, followed by a body of young men wearing only shirt, trousers and boots, who put great energy Into their dance, surg NOTE FROM ANDREE Message Sent by Explorer Pub lic After Six Years. California Farmer Haa Finally Given Out Polar Newa Recovered, on the Leg of a Gooae—Bird Cap tured In 1906. Sacramento, Cal.—" North Pole, July 1, 1906, Major Andree.” Was this message, which was tagged to the foot of a south-bound goose, captured by a northern Califor nia farmer on July 24, 1906, a message from the dead telling of the first suc cessful conquest of the frozen north, written by the leader of the 111-fated polar expedition which left Danes Is land, Northwest Spitsbergen, In the balloon Cornen on July 11, 1897 T For 15 yearß tbe civilized world has waited In vain for news of tbe An dree party. On the morning of July 24, 1906, a huge goose, unlike any species ever seen- In California, fell exhausted Into the chicken-yard of H. M. Thomas, a farmer residing near Montague, Siski you county. Thomas discovered a small nickeled tag attached to one of Its legs, tied se curely by a strand of copper wire. Roughly but legibly chiseled Into the face of the tag was the announcement of the pole’s discovery on July 1, 1906. For nearly six years Thomas has kept the secret to himself. Whether because he doubted If the tale would be received with credence by the outside world, or with a passive Indif ference as to his discovery, Thomas did not divulge bis find. He did, how ever, capture the goose and discover the tag. Both are still in existence. The bird remains on tbe little farm, which has now passed Into other hands, and the tag is In the possession of Thomas, who has removed to San Mateo county. Shipping Tags on Clothes. San Francisco, Cal.—Shipping tags marked Boston, Mass., on the clothes of Frank Cronin, age six, and his sis ter, age four, who arrived recently on the steamer Nile' from Hongkong, showed the destination of the two. The children began their journey at Manila under tho care of Immigration officials, and expect to reach the home of their grandmother, 68 Jackson street, Boston, this week. Tbe pas sengers of the Nile made up a purse of 885 for them. BIG BATTLESHIP IN DRYDOCK BigjUucAmM jmuarjxxx During her speed trials off the coast of Maine the other day. the new battleahlp Arkansas ran onto an uncharted reef that damaged her bottom and forced her Into drydock. Despite the accident the powerful destroyer exceeded her contract speed of 20% knots by attaining 21'/£ knots an hour. lng back and forth regardless of whose toes they stamp on. When the church is reached the pe culiar step is continued, the pllgrlmq. passing In at one door and out at an other. Instead of the quiet coolness one expects to find Inside the church there Is a terrible din; several bands play DEATH ENDS RENO ROMANCE Brooklyn Physician Got Divorce and Was to Wed Former Wife of a Clergyman. Reno.—The death of Dr. Frank I. Ramos, of New York, who recently obtained a divorce here, put a sudden stop to the plans for his marriage with Mrs. Maud Andrews. The wed ding was to be the culmination of a Reno romance, as they met here while both were seeking relief from unhap py marital ties. Dr. Ramos formerly practiced as a surgeon In both New York and Brook lyn. Before that time he had been trained In the British colonial serv ice and In English military hospitals under his uncle, a deputy surgeon-gen eral of the British army. Last sumer Dr. Ramos Joined the divorce colony here and filed suit against Mrs. Ada M. Ramos of No. 60 Rutland road, Brooklyn, on the ground of desertion. He said she had ceased to live with him from the time she and her sisters Inherited a large fortune and went on a trip to Europe. Mrs. Andrews, at almost the same time, filed suit against the Rev. Basil C. H. Andrews, an English clergyman, on the ground of non-support. Her home Is In Petersborough, Ont. It was arranged between them that they were to be married as soon as Wood Leg Draws Lightning Iron Braces on Artificial Limb Attract Electricity Which Badly Burns Railway Signal Man. Kansas City, Mo—During a severe thunderstorm O. Richards, llfty-elght years old, 3019 Dunham avenue, a signal man for the Kansas City Belt Railway company, was struck by lightning In his tower at Twenty fourth and Penn streets. He Is In the General hospital being treated for serious burns. Richards was at work at the time the lightning struck the tower. The bolt first struck the stove pipe that extends through the roof of the signal station and It followed the pipe to the Interior, where the lightning contin ued Its downward course with Rich ards In Its .path. _“lf Richards had not worn an arti ficial leg I don’t believe the lightning would have struck him," Dr. Q. C. ing Independently and the (craping and banging ot hundreds of thick boots make It quite unlike a place of worship. v The pilgrimage to the shrine Is held In great esteem In the neighborhood, and a vast number ot cures are at tributed to the beneficent Influence ot the worthy old Abbot ot Echternach. both were free. Dr. Ramos was tbe last to obtain a decree, and prepara tions were being made for the wed ding a few days ago when he was stricken 111 with pneumonia. He died at White hospital. In Sacramento, Cal. Urs. Andrews accompanied the body back to Brooklyn and turned It over to a sister of Dr. Ramos. INJURY MAKES SHOP LIFTER Lot Angela* Prosecutor Free* Woman Charged With Kleptomania—Lays Downfall to Gambling. ' Lob Angeles, Cal.—After a reading of the Ten Commandments and the exaction of a promise that she would not attempt to commit suicide. Miss Cecilia M. Chappelle, formerly a New York broker's clerk, was freed by the city prosecutor of charges of shoplifts Ing. Miss Chappelle, who was ar rested, had told the poHce officials that her downfall was due to gambling on- the stock market, which had cost her her savings and (2,500 more bor rowed from her father. A city physician after an examina tion of the prisoner announced that a skull Injury received a year ago prob ably was responsible for her klepto mania. t May Hold Sunday Court. Albany, N. Y.—The right of New York magistrates to- JSass sentences on Sunday was upheld by the court of appeals In a test case. Remley, a police ambulance Burgeon, said. “His left leg is cut off below the knee and his artificial leg has Iron braces which are held In- plaoe by a belt that encircles his body. It Is my opinion that this metal attracted the electricity to the man." The effect of the lightning Is shown In burns over the lower portion of Richards’ abdomen and legs. The lightning followed the artificial left leg from a point a few ihches below the knees. The limb was splintered and at the toe of the shoe a hole was torn In the leather, giving appearance of something haring been thrust through from the inside. The pipe from the stove was wrecked, a window knocked out and the contents of thd room were scattered about. V The police was notified of Richards’ Injury and the ambulance from police headquarters was sent out The In jured man had to be carried from the tower.