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THIRTY-EIGHT UNION LEADERS
GUILTY IN BOMB CASE; TWO FREED THIRTY-THREE OF CONVICTED DYNAMITERS GET SENTENCES RANGING FROM ONE TO BN, PENITENTIARY. LEAVENWORTH, KAEVEN YEARS, TAKEN TO SENTENCES IMPOSED. Indianapolis, Ind.—Terms of impris onment were imposed as follows: Seven Years. Frank M. Ryan, president of the iron Workers’ Union, Six Years. John T. Butler; Buffalo, vice presi dent. Herbert S. Hockln, former secretary and formerly of Detroit. Olaf A. Tveitmoe, San Francisco, secretary of the California Building: Trades Council. Eugene A. Clancy, San Francisco. Philip A. Cooley, New Orleans. Michael J. Young:, Boston. J. E. Munsey, Salt Lake City. Frank C. Webb, New York. v Four Years. Peter J. Smith, Cleveland. John H. Barry, St. Louis. Three Years. Paul J. Morrln, St. Louis. Henry W. Legleitner, Denver. Charles N. Beum, Minneapolis. Michael J. Cunnane, Philadelphia. Edward Smythe, Peoria, 111. Murray L. Pennell, Springfield, 111. Wilford B. Brown, Kansas City. George Anderson, Cleveland. Michael J. Hannon, Scranton, Pa. Ernest Q. W. Basey, Indianapolis. William J. McCain, Kansas City. William F. Reddln, Milwaukee. Two Years. Fred Sherman, Indianapolis. Frank G. Painter. Omaha. Richard H. Houlihan, Chicago. Frank J. Higgins, Boston. Oae Year aad One Day. * William S. Shupe, Chicago. James E. Ray, Peoria, 111. William C. Bernhardt, Cincinnati. Edward E. Phillips, Syracuse, N. Y. Charles Wachmelster, Detroit. Fred J. Mooney, Duluth. Suspended Sentence. Patrick F. Farrell. New York. James Cooney, Chicago. James Coughlin, Chicago. Hiram B. Kline, Muncie, Ind. Frank J. Murphy, Detroit. On motion of the government Ed ward Clark, Cincinnati, confessed dy namiter, who testified for the govern ment, was given a suspended sentence. FACTS AND FIGURES ApOUT TRIAL. Facta and figures about 'the trial and conviction of thirty-eight union leaders, said to be the greatest criminal court case in the history of the United States. Time occupied by trial, nearly thirteen weeks. Time jury was out, forty-one hours. Government expenditures, $51,000. For government witnesses, $32,000. Witnesses for prosecution 548. Testifying for prosecution, 499. Witnesses for the defense, 165. Total witnesses testifying. 664. Typewritten pages in record. 30,000. Pages of oral testimony. 17,000. Stenographers regularly employed nine. Hotel registers in evidence, seventy five. At times twenty stenographers were employed, and the government had 100 persons employed in the case. Six years of strike history was covered in the trial. Dynamiters Convicted. Indianapolis, Ind. —Thirty-eight la bor union officials including H. W. Legleilnor of Denver were found guilty of complicity in connection with tho dynamiting cases, including the wreck ing of the Los Angeles Times build ing. Seiffert and Buckley, the only two men out of the forty labor union offi cials to be adjudged not guilty, imme diately were discharged from custody. Prisoners Sentenced. Indianapolis, Ind—Sentences vary ing from seven years’ imprisonment in the federal prison at Leavenworth, Kan., to one year and one day and to suspended sentences, were im posed upon the thirty-eight labor un ion officials convicted in the dynamite conspiracy cases. Frank M. Ryan, president of the Iron Workers’ International Union, was given a sentence of seven years. Olaf A. Tveitmoe of San Francisco, convicted on charges of aiding in plot ting the destruction of the Los An geles Times buildlug, and Eugene A. Clancy, also of San Francisco, were given six years each. Herbort S. Hock in received six years. All the prisoners who received pris on terms are to be taken to Leaven worth, Kan. Some of the mon made pleas for mercy, others wept in the arms of their wives. But the court pronounced the sentences one by one, regardless of the picas. Six men were given their liberty through suspended sentences. These include Edward Clark of Cincinnati, the dynamiter who confessed to blow ing up a bridge with the help of Hock in. He had appeared as a witness for the government. Ortie E. McManigal, another con fessed dynamiter, was not sentenced at this time. In some cases sentences of one year and one day were imposed, so that these men might be confined in a fed eral prison. Prisoners with terms of less than one year are kept in county jails. Federal Judge Albert B. Anderson had many of the prisoners whom ho said he considered less guilty than the rest brought before him to make state ments. For an hour and a half the judge thus in a conversational way talked with prisoners, asking them whether ' they believed in dynamiting as meth od of promoting a strike. All of the men professed innocence. Before Judge Anderson passed sen tence he said he desired to read a statement. He then reviewed the his tory of the dynamite conspiracy, a3 well as the evidence, and said: “This scheme or campaign of dyna mite was entered into and carried on throughout the country from the At lantic to the Pacific. “The evidence disclosed an appall ing list of crimes in addition to those Copies of the Bridgeworkers* Magazine for six years were used In evidence, with telegrams way bills, express records and postal records. Infernal machines nitroglycerine cans, fuse photographs of dynamite and other exhibit# were used by the score. CHRONOLOGY OF DYNAMITES TRIAL. ) October 1, 1911—Government authori ties, exactly one year after the Los An geles Times explosion, for first time, consider possibility of federal prosecu tion for illegal transportation of explo sives. , , February 6, 1912—Federal grand jury returns Indictments against fifty-four la for union officials. , „ . A February 14—Most of the defendants scattered over the country arrested with in a few hours by a telegraphic signal. October 1—Trial begins exactly two years after Los Angeles explosion, fifty defendants present; three discharged by government; Ortie E. McManigal pleads guilty, leaving forty-six for trial. October 3—Jury secured, composed mostly of farmers; government opens Its case. October 5—Herbert S. Hockin accused by district attorney with having been a spy within the ranks of the dynamiters, and with having given information to the prosecution. • October 7—Edward Clark, Cincinnati, pleads guilty to having blown up a bridge at Dayton, Ohio, and accuses Hockin of having furnished the dyna mite; forty-five defendants remain for trial. November 9—McManigal begins relat ing his confession on the witness stand; implicates Ironworkers' Union officials as having pointed out jobs for him to blow up; names Hockin as starting him In the business. November 23—Hockin’s bond increased, in default of which he Is committed to jail, after more testimony that he was employed by detectives while an official of the unionj* court denounces Hockin as “not to be trusted by any one. day or night;" Miss Mary Field, a writer, de nounced by the district attorney as an "anarchist" for criticisms published In union magaxlne; Olaf A. Tveltmoe, 8an Francisco a defendant, also denounced by district attorney for publishing “an archistic” criticisms of the trial. December 2 —Government concludes its case, after presenting 649 witnesses, whose testimony covers 25,000 pages; four defendants discharged by the gov ernment, leaving forty-one for trial*, de fense begins. Hockin resigns as secre tary-treasurer of the Ironworkers’ Union. December 28—Verdict returned. Chief Prosecutor, United States Dis trict Attorney Charles W. Miller. Chief counsel for the defense. United ‘States Senator John W. Kern and Will iam N. Harding. .... Federal judge who conducted trial, Al bert B. Anderson. Labor union of which most of the de fendants were members, International Association of Bridge and Structural Ironworkers. Charges: Illegally transporting dyna mite and nitroglycerine on passenger trains, or conspiracy to do the same. charged in the indictments. These crimes *were all committed in the name of organized labor. I will not believe that organized labor approves of such practices. “Any organization that approves and adopts the methods of these de fendants is an outlaw and will meet the fate which outlaws have met since civilized society began. “The evidence shows some of these defendants to be guilty of murder, but they are not charged here with that crime; this court cannot punish them for it, nor should it be influenced by such consideration in fixing the meas ure of punishment for the crimes charged. — "The certainty of punishment, not its severity, is the important consid eration in the administration of crim inal justice. Such punishment should be meted out as shall warn others that even if they desire to accom plish lawful ends they must not vio late the law in the attempt to realize them. Keeping these considerations in view, the court must repress that indignation which every law-abiding citizen naturally feels at the crimes which the evidence in this case dis closes, in addition to those for which the defendants have been found guilty, and as near as may be possible confine the punishment within its proper scope.” Referring to the iron , workers’ strike, which began in 1905, and which the government charged was the motive which prompted John J. McNamara to use dynamite as a weapon, Judge Anderson said the strike was attended by picketing, then by slugging and riots. He added: “But In 1906 a campaign by'dyna mite was inaugurated, and, beginning with explosions in the East and ex tending from the Atlantic to the Pa cific, continued until the arrest of the McNamaras and McManigal in April, 1911. “The evidence in this case shows that almost 100 explosions, damaging and destroying structures in process of erection by, and machinery of, open-shop concerns, took place, cul minating on the first day of October, 1910, in the destruction of the Los Angeles Times building and the taur der of twenty-one people. Every one of these explosions was upon the work of open-shop concerns, and no explo sion is shown to have taken place up on any closed-shop job. 'Since the ar rest of the McNamaras and McMani gal these explosions have ceased. "Thi3 system of destruction was not carried on for revenge or obedi ence to any other human passion, but for the deliberate purpose, by a verit able reign of terror, to enforce com pliance with the demands of the iron workers upon the open and closed shop question.” The entire proceedings in court, as a climax to the three months’ dyna mite conspiracy trial, required only two hours from the time court opened. WINS OVER COWBOYS Tenderfoot Captures Western Girl From Many Rivals. Preacher Who Wae an Uneucceteful Suitor for Her Hand Will Offi ciate at Nuptiala—Other Swalna Alio Present. Grand Junction, Colo. —For two fears scores of suitors have sought the hand of pretty Molly Reese, queen of the cowpunchers of three states. She has cast aside the proffer of titles, has looked with scorn upon wealth If she had to take It with a husband and now announces her engagement to a J3O --month "tenderfoot” cowpuncher. Hal Hanson TSt Boston Is the lucky "cattle wrangler" who will lead the beautiful cowgirl of the plains to the altar. A former suitor whom the girl discarded will perform the ceremony, and the wedding party will Include fourteen or more ardent swains who bad their "Innings," but failed to cap ture the prize, while the scene of the marriage will be the home of D. G. Qraden, cattle baron. Hanson’s proficiency with the mouth harp won him his finances. The melo dious strains from the little wind In strument with which he surreptitiuos ly serenaded the object of his dreams nightly turned the tide In his favor over almost a score of other active suitors. The most determined rivals for the pretty cowgirl’s hand In marriage were four cowboys from the same camp. Jim Hadley, Weston Hayes, Chris Johnson and BUI Groves took turn about each night for tour months until they learned It was no use. Henry George James, a schoolteacher In the Midelbow school, next tried his luck and failed. Rev Henry Austin, a Free Methodist preacher, was the next victim, but he progressed no further than four nightly calls and two sage hens. Wlltur Jens, a schoolboy friend, was next turned down to make room for W. U Henselman, a real estate dealer of Gateway, Utah. Another schoolteacher, a German nobleman, going under the title of Baron von Brudenecker, three ranchers and numerous cowboys from the plains of Colorado, Utah and Wyoming, who RING SPREADS WOE Misfortune Befalls Possessor of Beautiful Diamond. Man Takes Sollta.'re From Woman’s Finger and Pawns It—Constable Defies Gun and Carries Circlet to Court. Denver, Colo. —Misfortune has be fallen each for the last three posses sors of a beautiful diamond ring which now rests In the safe at the office of the district attorney. One married woman mourns the loss of the ring and loss of . gentleman friend; the aforesaid gentleman mourns the fact that he will have to stand trial on a charge of larceny; a pawnbroker mourns the fact that the ring was snatched from him by violence by a constable and the constable, although he is not doing any particular mourn ing, declares that he came near losing his life in an effort to capture the ring. It all started In a private dining room of a downtown hotel. Jack Cbandor held the bejeweled hand of Mrs. Estelle Croxson In his own. In a playful mood he Is alleged to have slipped off the diamond ring and placed It on his own finger, after which he was unable. It Is alleged, to get the ring off. The lady waited for several days and the ring was aot re turned. Chandor was arrested and a pawn ticket on the Newton Loan com pany was found In his pocket. LEAGUE SELLS MANY EGGS Philadelphia Women's Body Meets Big Demand at 24 Cents Dozen— War Against Merchants. Philadelphia, Pa. —One hundred and flfty thousand dozen eggs were sold one day recently at stations In vari ous sections of the city by members of the Housekeepers' league In the first day of their campaign to break the corner which they assert has been maintained by retail dealers. Eggs that have been selling for from 27 cents to 49 cents a dozen were sold by the women it 24 cents. Suoh was the demand at the 40 stations In op eration that only Inability to secure enough candlers prevented even a larger number being disposed oi. An extra force of candlers was engaged to work all night to have a supply ready for ttie following day. As a rule, the retailers maintained their former prices for eggs. The wholesale price for “strictly fresh" eggs has dvanced here from $9.30 to $9 60 a crate of 30 dozen. AUTOMOBILE KILLS A DEER ON ROAD a most unusual accident on a road near Newcomb, N. Y., resulted In the killing of a deer by a small runabout The car, which was going at a good pace, struck the deer when the animal tried to cross in front of it The car was upset, the gasoline tank exploded and the machine was burned. rode miles on their cow ponies to bask a while In the light of Hiss Reese’s smiles, were numbered In the long list of rejected applicants for the hand of the girl before the engagement of Mias Reese and Hanson was an nounced. And even then they would not stop, for, despite the fact that Hanson's horseshoenall engagement ring en circled her left third finger, the beauty charms proved too much for an east ern correspondent of a produce Jour nal who spent two weeks here cover ing the outlook In western Colorado and eastern Utah for stock marketing. He vainly attempted to prove that life as the wife of a special writer beat that of darning socks for a cow puncher. Papers to get the ring were sworn out and a constable started to the shop to get the ring. The constable says he was refused the possession of the ring and that when he tried to get out of the safe the son of the proprietor of the shop drew a gun on him. After considerable skirmishing he declares h. succeeded In disarming the pawn broker. Upon the refusal of the pawnbroker to open the Bafe the constable dellv ered an ultimatum to him Either the the safe must be opened and the ring delivered to him or he would go for a moving van and transport the entire safe to the court of Justice Mills. Facing the possibility of losing a safe the pawnbroker surrendered the ring, and It was turned over to the district attorney. Providing no fur ther misfortune overtakes those In possession of the stone, It will be used as evidence In the Chandor trial.' PLANS A MARRIAGE CURB Helen R. Roblneon to Introduce Bill In Next Assembly Requiring Health Certificate*. Denver, Colo. —Helen Ring Robinson, who was elected Colorado's first wo man state senator at the last elec tion, will Introduce a bill at the next assembly requiring health certificates before marriage. It Is understood that Mrs. Robinson has the backing of prominent woman club members. DID PIGEON FLY OVER SEA? Chicagoan* Believe Bird, Reported to Have Made Trip, Must Have Crossed on Ship. —Did a homing pigeon fly across the Atlantic ocean? If It did. how? These are questions tor which pigeon fanciers of Chicago are seeking answers. The dehates arose from a press dis patch received In Chicago. The mes sage read: “Montreal. —Ernest Robinson of Westmount received word that a pigeon he imported and which escaped has returned to England. It apparent ly took twelve days to make the Jour ney.” . No pigeon has ever been known to remain in air anything like the num ber of days that would bo required to cross from Canada to England, ac cording to members of the Lake View Flying club, 213 G Fremont street The club has had a great deal of ex perience with champion pigeons. A member now owns Chicago's champion Hanson came here two years ago from Boston. He worked in a stuffy office as copyist until his health broke down. Fearing tuberculosis, he secured work In a cattle camp on rinon Hess about the time Miss Aeese analned the age of twenty and was declared by her parents to be old enough to receive the attentions of men if she desired. After the wedding Hanson and his bride will live in a cabin In the moun tain ranges on his S3O a month as cow boy and what rabbits and small game they can shoot. Later they will come to Grand Junction, where Hanson will continue the study of law in a local office. Mias Reese Is a beautiful ex ample of the typical western plains girt WOMAN FOOTPAD FOR FUN Great Bport, Bha Says, to Watch the Faces of Her Victims, When Gun la Pointed et Them. Kansas City.—A woman arrested at No. IXB Independence avenue Is be lleved by the police to be a bandit An Informer who caused the arrest quoted her as follows: "Ob, It’s lota and lots of fun. I put on men'B clothea and go out and 'stick up‘ people. It’s great sport watching the funny faces they make when I shove a gun under tbelr noses and tell them to stick their bands up or I'll perforate them. I like the game." The prisoner la twenty-eight years old. She gave her name as Mrs. May Auhmann. GOTHAM POVERTY GROWS Relief Aesoclatlon Shows Increase In Number of Poor Despite General Prosperity. New York. —Despite general pros perity, there was an Increase In pov erty In New York during the last year, according to the annual report of the Association for Improving the Condi tion of the Poor. The Increased cost of living Is charged with most of the responsibility for an Increase in the expenses of the association. - It Is shown that 30 per cent more money was spent In relief work, although the number of families served was prao tically the same as In the previous year. "homer.” This bird, Ouardsman, be longs to Thomas Roell, 935 Webster avenue. It was the only one of eigh teen turned loose at the Johnson-Flynn fight at Las Vegas, N. M., on the Fourth of last July, to reach Its horns In Chicago. The distance was 1,119 miles. Roell's bird was In Its loft on the morning of August I. It Is the opinion of members of the club that the Canadian pigeon must have crossed the Atlantic on a ship. Chicago pigeons have been noted for long-distance flights; so far as rec ords show none has ever performed a feat In any way similar to that cred ited to thq English bird. Among Chicago's pigeon fanciers are many women. Mrs. Julia Banedt, 1102 Webster avenue, last year offered a handsome loving cup for the winner In a 300-mlle race for old birds, the course being from Bucklln, Mo., to Chicago. M. L. Simon's entry. Lady Banedt, won the cup from a field of 551 birds, making an average of 1,357.- 58 yards a minute.