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; W. F. WILLIAMS I. - * « * General Blacksmith. ar)d Wagon Work, - ► * * HORSESHOEING A SPECIALTY .. + « ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Robert C. Lewis Successor to O. W. Carlson. Lumber, Coal, Cement, Posts, Sash,'Doors, Roofing and Building Papers. If you want the best of any of the or of any thing else in building materials and want to get better prices, it will pay you to see me, because my stock is new and bought only of the best grades. While I am selling on a basis of live and let live. Seeing is believing, so come in and see me and become convinced. Will be glad to meet any mail order competition on the same grades of material and under the same conditions. ■ . • Arapahoe, Phone No. 140-5. Colorado. SAFE WAY TO CARRY SKUNKS John Burroughs Is Authority for This, If Any One Cares to Try Some what Rash Experiment. "There Is a saying among country folk that a skunk can be safely car ried by the tall, a saying that some naturalists deny," says Julian Bur roughs, Jn telling of his boyhood days with his father, John Burroughs, In the Craftsman. "Father determined to try the question for himself, hla courage being equal to the task. Every time that I caught a skunk about the house I let father have a try at him. First, we carefully shut up the dog, much to the latter's dis gust; then the skunk was gently lifted on a pole and dropped Into an empty barrel, the trap being opened over the edge to liberate him. In a few minutes, or as soon ns the skunk had become used to the barrel, father would reach In, clasp him firmly by his plumeliko tail and then raise him aloft, always being careful net to let the animal get his front feet on any near object. This we repeated over and over without any accident, prov ing without doubt that the skunks of Ulßter county, at least, can be safely carried by their tails.” President-elect, Wilsor, has chosen seven cabinet members: IvlcComb declines. It was learn el that Mr. Wilsanj ias practical ly decided upon six members of the cabinet, aside from Mr. Mc- Comb. Two or three surprises are contained in the list, which Governor Wilson made up be fore he departed from Trenton. It follows: Wm. J. Bryan, Secretary of State or the Treasury. A. Mitchell Palmer, of Penn., Attorney General. Albei t S. Burleson, of Texas, Postmaster General. Josephus Daniels, of N. Caro lina, Secretary of Navy. Former Governor Norris, of Montana, Secretary of Interior. Obadiah Gardner, of Maine, Secretary of Agriculture. The names of the other mem 1 o complete the cabinet haven’t lten r. entionedby the president elect. AS TO EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE Theory That Has Long Been Held Is Gaining Ground Among the Men of Scientific Mind. The Idea that the earth’s atmosphere Is distributed In layers, with nearly pure hydrogen at the top, has been growing In favor In the last few years, and is now expanded by the assump tion that a still lighter gas rests on the hydrogen. This hypothetical gas Is called "geocoronlum," as It Is at least similar to the coronlum forming the sun's atmosphere beyond tho hy drogen. Presently rome of tho evi dence, Professor Wegener, a German physicist, states that twilight rays seem to be reflected from a height of about 46 miles, but that after twilight he has observed a bluish reflection from a height of about 133 miles. Thl3 elevated reflecting surface Is believed to bo the boundary lino between the hydrogen and tho geocoronlum. Small meteors glow at heights between 100 and 50 miles, Indicating that their lu minosity is due to collision with the hydrogen, and tho sudden brightening of large meteors at a certain point may •be caused by renching a denser air lay er. Other observations confirm the theory of an atmosphere of fairly defi nite layers. It Is calculated that at nea level tho air contains 78.1 per cent .of nitrogen, 4.939 of argon, 0.0033 of hydrogen, 5.0005 of helium, and only 0.00058 of geocoronlum: at 25 miles, S 3 per cent, of nitrogen and 10 of ox ygen: at 02 mlle3, G7 per cent, of hy drogen, 29 of geocoronlum, and 4 of helium, and at 300 miles 33 per cent, of geocoronlum and 7 of hydrogen. Cornstalks Used In Building. It is three hours to Cairo by train, and every Inch of the way Is Interest ing. Even-on the outskirts of Alexan dria, says a writer In the Christian Herald, we passed nomadic groups of lledoulns, camping by the side, of the Mahmoudieh canal. Out in the fields men and women, dressed alike In the loose cotton gown of the country, were busily at work. The fields were dotted with curious doorless struc tures mado of cornstalks. They are need as temporary homes at certain seasons of tho year, as, for Instance, when tho crops aro being gathered, hater on I entered one and found it lo be not more than five feet square; one could not stand upright inside. Tho place contained nothing but a few jars and cooking utensils. In the win ter the occupants wrap themselves up la their clothes at night. In These Days. "All tho world’s a stage, you know." “Yes, but not all the men and wom en are actors. Some have to sit In front and look at the moving pic tures.” HAD PHONOGRAPHS IN EGYPT Reports Are That Babylonian Tablet Also Shows That the Wlreloaa Telegraph Waa Known. “We think we are a great people,” said the retired army officer, taking off his glasses, "and we teel that we are progressing at a tremendous pace, but here’s a newspaper account lay ing that the French government has unearthed In Babylonia 46,000 tablets, giving a history In full of the reign of the ancient kings. Here we find for the first time that Babylon, and not Rome, was the real ‘Mother of Laws.’ In those days there was a system of courts and of appeals that even sugested a recall. Sir, this re port also states that in the days of Nebuchadnexxar they had a free rural delivery of mall over every highway In the kingdom. And shades of Grover Cleveland! —It has also been proved beyond a doubt that the Egyp tian government in 4,600 B. C., had a perfected syßtem of civil service. There Is a record that the first tur bine engine was Invented by the Egyptians, and that Archimedes de vised this mechanical contrivance by which the fields could be watered when the Nile was low. This Is the same principle that Is used to drive the latest additions to the Cunarders.” What shocked the doughty old American most of all, says the Na tional Magaxlne, was the Informa tion that four thousand years ago tho phonograph was used In ancient Egypt, and was In reality only per fected by Edison In the nineteenth century. There is evidence also of the use of wireless telegraphy beforo tho Christian era, while the Egyp tla alphabet has proven to be a sci entific key to organized human speech. It Is a hard blow to our self-sufficiency to find that the banjo of the southern plantation with Its fascinating “thrum” only echoes the musical In struments used by Egyptians In pre historic times. Is the Same Old World. In reviewing Professor Frank Frost Abbott's new book. "The Common People of Ancient Rome,” a critic says: "It should be something of a corrective to modern conceit to note how little we have advanced since paternalism first became dominant In Rome and since the Reman govern ment prided Itself on opening public baths and washhouses for the people. Los Angeles Is doing that same thing now and lauds herself as a pioneer In civilization because of It. Dlocle tlan denounced the rich and their luxuries, attributed to them the high prices of necessaries, In language al most lndentlcal with a radical newspa per of today. Plautus tells us of the trusts that were founded to control prices and the trust problem was as much a reality In ancient Rome ns It Is today.” Market for Sharks’ Liver Oil. It has been proposed to start in Ma laysia a Bmall export trado in shark's liver oil. This oil Is refined In Eu rope and sold as cod liver oil. In Oc tober the ocean sharks come Into the lagoon, between the barrier reef and the atolls, to pair. At this time they can be speared In large numbers by people skilled In catching them. There are several species of these sharks and they ordinarily run from seven to fifteen feet In length. The girth of an ordinary shark Is the same as Its length, and an eleven-foot shark would be eleven feet around the body. The liver of a shark of this size gives about five gallons of oil. The oil brings $73 a ton. The sharks are found In pairs and the harpooners try to kill the male first. In which caso they are able to also spear the female, as it does not desert Its mate. New York Alimony Club. The Alimony club In New York, a name adopted by a coterie of men who are undergoing imprisonment there for default In payment of allow ances to wives from whom they havo separated, held a banquet in Jail on Christmas day. Twelve sat down to n good repast, two of them having come back for the occasion, after re covering their liberty only two days beforo. The popular song, “I Won der Who’s Kissing Her Now,” was siing during every toast, and “Our Un fortunate Successors", was received hilariously. Oldest Newspaper. The “Tchlng Pao," which Is the offi cial gazette of Peking, and has just celebrated Its thousandth anniversary,' is the oldest newspaper In the world. Ever since Its inception, a copy of each Issue has been carefully preh served in the archives of the Peking palace. . Accuracy has always been tho keynote of his paper, and, in sev der to maintain Its high standard, sev eral journalists on Its staff In the past paid the penalty of mistakes with their lives. Dismissal, and, at the worst, imprisonment, Is the punish ment met’d out at present. BLINDNESS MADE THEM KIN J—sph PulKnr Could Pool tor Favorite Animal Afflletad as Ho Mlmsolf Was. The late Joseph Pulitzer's years of blindness gave him a deep sympathy for any creature similarly afflicted. For years he had a saddle horse named Mac, of which he was very fond. When he went abroad, Mae went along, too, and came to know Rotten Row and Hyde Park corner, Unter den Linden and the Bola de Boulogne as well as the bridle paths of Central park and Riverside drive. The horse made at least a dozen transatlantic voyages with Its master. "What is the matter with Mac —bo seems to go strangely V asked Mr. Pulitzer one morning when he was riding with his secretary in Central park. The horse was not so' sure footed as it had been before, and Mr. Pulitzer, whose other senses were the keener because of his blindness, was quick to notice it Investigation showed that the horse was going blind. His master had ac cidentally flicked Mac in the eye with the leather of his riding stock some time before, and he was deeply af fected when he learned the cause. "Poor Mac! Poor Mac! To think that I should have been the cause of his blindness!" mourned Mr. Pulitzer. He had the horse sent abroad, to a farm near Nice, where he might end his days happily In knee-high mead ows, under the azure skies of south ern France. —Youth’s Companion. OF COURSE HE MEANT THAT Man With Hair *Llp Had Rather the Batter of the Bartender In Thia Particular Deal. A man with a hair lip strolled Into a saloon one day, orderd a drink and, after "putting It away,” offered to match the bartender for the price of It. The bartender consented, and, taking out a coin, threw It Into the air and told the halr-llp man to “call" It The coin came down and the bartender's palm hid It from view on the coun ter. "What do you cry T” he asked. “Tneah,” said the man, making such a peculiar grunt that no one could have said whether he meant heads or tails. "What?” “Tneah," again. "Is that what you mean?" asked the bartender, lifting his hand, exposing the coin. "Yeth," replied the man, and he walked out, leaving the bartender to figure out whether he'd been “done" or not—New York World. What Perfumes Are Made Of. There are few perfumes today that cannot be made from chemicals, syn thetically, as the chemists call It. For merly all perfumes were extracted from flowers, fruits, spices, woods, or other vegetable and animal substances. The first perfume to be Imitated was vanilla. In 1876. Hellotropine follow ed. being obtained by oxidation of a byproduct of camphor. Terplnol is ono of the most freely used constit uents of perfumes. This is a near relation of turpentine. With this, a little oil, and aqua fortls a chemist can produce a perfume that can scarcely be distinguished from those exhaled by the lily of the valley, lilac, and Cape Jessamine, varying accord ing to the proportions In which the chemicals are blended. Artificial vio let is a combination of citrol (an es sence extracted from lemon), Indian vervalne, or lemon verbena, with com mon acetoe, a substance very like pyroligneous acid. Most of the cheap perfumes are Imitations, and they are almost always Inferior to the flower extracts. So It might properly be said that It Is a wise flower that knows Its own perfume. He “Played Rough.” The man who, inspired by the mug that cheers, maintains his prestige ais head of the house by chastising his wife. Is often saved from the Indignity of the stoneplle by the eternal fem inine. Without the condemning testi mony of the wife the court cannot do much with him, and, though her an ger may be Buch as *o countenance his nrrest and arraignment, the chances are about ten to one that at the last pinch It weakens and failß her, as one or two stories from the city court will lllusrate. A woman with a badly blackened eye came before Judge Collins' bar for an adjustment of domestic affairs. The case looked bad anil the Judge Inti mated his intention of making an "ex , ample" of the culprit; but the woman Interceded. “A,h, Judge, don't be hard on him—he was only playin',” she pleaded; then added byway of quali fication. “Hut he do play so rough. Judge!”—lndianapolis News. i ne laea. “So you have let the new nurse go, eh?” “I positively had to do it.” “Didn’t she understand children?" “Oh, she understood the children well enough, but she knew absolutely nothing about bathing the poodle.' SMALLNESS OF THE WORLD ■ - % How Grecian Currency Found Ita Way ' to a Pigeon Loft In tho City of Indlanapoltau Charles M. Oroaa took from his pocketbook a piece of thin yellow card board that looked someth leg like the old-fashioned fractional United States currency—shin plasters. ' “Where do you think I found this?" he asked, waving It at a group around him. Of coarse nobody knew, but sup posed that Ur. Cross bad been digging In the family archives, and had come across a bit of money. "My men have been tearing down the old Ritter house. Up In the loft they found a pigeon’r. nest The house had been deserted, the windows broken, and the pigeons had taken pos session. In use as a part of the nest was this money. Ton can see It Is of Greek issue, as It Is marked ‘duo drachmae;' but how did It get Into an Irvington house, and In a pigeon's nest?" Demarchus C. Brown, one of the lis teners, was showing Increasing Inter est. “I think I have the mate to that piece of money,’’ he said and he took from bis pocket book a duplicate. “I believe, also, that I can unfold the mystery. Tears ago, when teaching Greek at Butler college I had some Greek money that I had brought home from Athens. This money wub ex hibited In the classroom, and I gave a two drachmae piece to a Greek stu dent who was then living In the Rit ter house. I have no doubt that It was left there and that the pigeons aft erward appropriated It. That was a good many years ago, and It was a long ways from Athens, but it proves In another sense that the world isn't so big, after alL"—lndianapolis News. CUT GROUND UNDER BOASTER Exceedingly Neat Rejoinder Made by Salesman to Hla Puffed-Up Rival. Rivalry among motor car manufac turers lp acute. If good natured. At a dinner of manufacturers' representa tives one guest dwelt at length on the remarkable popularity of his car and the wonderful organization of Its selling force. "Why, Just think of It, gentlemen,” said he, "last month our sales aver aged a car every two minutes of each working day. There was never any thing like It" When he bad concluded the reiwe sentatfve of a rival factory arose tfflal remarked: "With the last permission, I would like to offer my. compliment on his statement thffti there’s one of his cars sold every two! minutes.” Permission was granted. | "I understood you to say that you i call that good salesmanship. Am 1 1 right?" j "I certainly do," affirmed the pre vious speaker. "Well, I don't; that's all. I call It mighty poor salesmanship." "What do you mean?" demanded the boaster. "A car every two min utes—” "Poor salesmanship—there’s no other name for It The gentleman/ forgets that there’s a sucker born ev-| ery minute.” After which the next speaker was Introduced. Misjudged the Uniform. During the war In the Philippines General Charles King, one day while resplendent In his uniform, which vas made especially brilliant by several rows of new brass buttons, came up on a raw recruit. The latter was on post duty and failed to salute the general. “Are you on duty here?” asked General King, with a show of an ger. “I guess so,” said the recruit. "They sent me out here, anyway.” “Dp you remember your general or ders?” asked the general. "I guess I do —some of them," caid the raw recruit. -- "Well,” said the general, "don't you know that you are supposed to salute • your officers?- Don’t you know I am the general of this brigade?” "You the general?” said the new recruit. "Gosh, no; I didn’t know it. 1 thought you was the chief of tho fire department.”—Kansas City St^^ First Use of Asphalt. Asphalt, with which so many roads are paved, was found by accident Many years ago, In Switzerland, nat ural rock asphalt was discovered, ant. for more than a century it was used for the purpose of extracting the rich stores of bitumen it contained. In time it was noticed that pieces oWßck which fell from the were crushed by the wheels fo*KHd"a mar velously fine road surface when slated by the heat of the sun. A pref er road of asphalt rock was then made, following upon the discovery, and in 1854 an experimental roadway was laid In Paris. From that time the* use of rock asphalt for the making of roads and pavements has Increased and extended to many countries.