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CAPTAIN SCOTT TELLS CAUSES OF FAILURE
EXPLORER’S VEBBEL IN NEW ZEALAND BRINGS FURTHER DETAILS OF LOSS OF PARTY—BRAVE MEN PERISHED WITHIN ELEVEN MILES OF CAMP WHERE FOOD WAS PLENTY. Western Newspaper Union News Service. London. —During the terrible days Immediately preceding his own death and that of his four companions, Cap tpln Robert F. Scott, realizing that *oßcape was hopeless, wrote the follow ing message to the world. The docu ment,.which is believed to have been finished on the day he died, reads: “MESSAGE TO THE PUBLIC: "The causes of this disaster are not due to faulty organization, but to mis fortune In all risks that had to be un dertaken. “First —The loss of the pony trans port In March, 1911, obliged me to start later than I had Intended, and obliged the limit of the stuff trans ported to'be narrowed. “Second —The weather throughout the outward Journey, especially the long gale in 83 degrees south, stopped us; the soft snow In the lower reaches of Beardmore glacier again reduced the pace. We fought these untoward events with will and conquered, but It ate our provision reserve. Every de tail of food supplies, clothing and de pots made on Interior ice sheet and on that long stretch of 800 miles to the pole and back, worked out to per fection. ‘‘The advance party would have re turned to the glacier In fine form and with a surplus of food, but for the as: tonlshlng failure of the man whom we had least expected to fail. Seaman Evans was thought to be the strong man of the party, and Beardmore gla cier is not difficult In fine weather, but on our return we did not get a single completely fine day, and this, with a sick companion, enormously in creased our difficulties. We got Into frightfully rough ice and Evans re ceived concussion of the brain. He died a natural death, but left us a shaken party with the season unduly advanced. “But all the facts enumerated were as nothing to the surprise that await ed us on the barrier. I maintain that our arrangements for returning were quite adequate, and that.no one in the world would have expected the tem perature and surface which we en countered at this time of the year. On the summit in latitude 85 degrees to latitude 86 degrees, we had minus 20 to minus 30. “On the barrier, in latitude 82 —10,- 000 feet lower —we had minus 30 dur ing the day and minus 47 at night pret ty regularly, with continuous head wind during the day marches. These circumstances came on very suddenly and our wreck was certainly due to this sudden advent of severe weather, for which there was no satisfactory cause. “I do not think human beings ever came through suclf months as we have come through, and we should have got through in spite of the weather but for the sickening of our mates tmd the of fuel in our depots, for which I cannot account, and finally but for the storm which has fallen on us within eleven miles of this depot, at which we hoped to secure final sup plies. "Surely misfortune could scarcely have exceeded this last blow. We ar rived within eleven miles of our old One Ton camp with fuel for one hot meal, food for two days. For four days we have been unable to leave the tent, and a gale has been blowing about us. We are weak. Writing is difficult. “But for my own sake I do not re gret this journey, which has shown us that Englishmen can endure hardship, help one another and meet death with as great fortitude as ever in the past. We took risks. We knew we took them. Things have come out against us and therefore we have no cause for complaint, but bow to the will of Prov idence, determined still to do our best to the last. “But if we have been willing to give our lives to this enterprise, which is for the honor of our country, I appeal to our countrymen to see that those who depend upon us are properly cared for. Had we lived I should have had a tale to tell of the hardihood, endurance and courage of my com panions which would have stirred the hearts of all Englishmen. “These rough notes on our dead bodies must tell the tale, but surely a great, rich-country like ours will see that those who depend upon us are properly provided for. (Signed) "R. SCOTT, “March 25, 1912.” Opens “Mansion House” Fund. London.-—The lord mayor of London has announced the opening of a “Man sion house” fund for the erection of memorial to Captain Robert F. Scott and his companions who died in the Antarctic. The duty of providing for dependent relatives of the dead ex-' plorers, he considers, should be under taken by-the state Those Who Perished In Scott Expedition. Captain Robert F. Scott, leader. Dr. Edward Wilson, scientist. Captain L. B. G. Oates. Lieutenant H. R. Bowers. Petty Officer B. B. Brans. Christ Church, New Zealand. —The Terra Nova, the vessel which took Captain Robert F. Scott to the Antarc tic on his way to the South pole, and which returned there to fetch him back, but Instead brought the news of his and his companion’s heroic death, arrived in this port. . The whole terrible tale of a disaster followed triumph in the great Antarc tic wastes; of strong" men battling against overwhelming odds; of how Captain Scott and his four comrades in the "ultimate southern party” died, and knowing that death approached, left a record for the world to read, is now told. When the Terra Nova, Scott’s ship, found Itself unable to penetrate the ice barriers and sailed back to New Zealand again after leaving Scott’s polaT party dnd the geological party under Dr. Levick, to spend another winter in the dim continent, Garrard and Demetri —attached to the west, era party under Dr. Atkinson—set out with two dog teams to the southward, hoping to meet Captain Soott’s party on its return from the polar dash. Scott had anticipated reaching Hut Point, one of the established depots, about March 10, 1412. The relief par- ROBERT F. SCOTT. tv managed to push its way througfi under unparalieied difficulties to One Ton depot, but there the scarcity of dog food, the consequent poor condi tion of the dogs drawing the two sledges and the persistent savagery of the Antarctic storm forced a halt. Garrard and Demetrl did not know that only eleven miles farther south in the white wilderness the brave men they were trying to succor would die nineteen days later. By just that nar row margin of eleven miles Captain Scott and his party had failed to win over starvation and exposure. On March 10, Garrard and Demetrl, the former suffering terribly from heart strain due to the hard work of breasting dally blizzards, turned their faces northward. They reached Hut Point on March 16. their dogs almost without exception frostbitten and so exhausted from lack of food as to be temporarily unfit for further Bledge duty. Garrard himself was utterly ex hausted. Neither Atkinson nor Evans accom panied this first relief party, Evans then being down with the scurvy and Atkinson had remained with hiih. When Garrard and Demetrl finally managed to return to Atkinson’s camp there were only two sound men left in it. These two sound men —Atkin- son and Keoghen—sledged out to Cor ner camp in a vain effort to lend nec essary help to the southern party, whose long-continued absence began by this time to raise fears in the hearts of the few puny explorers in the heart of the great silence. Fight Way in Snow. These two fought their way through gathering snows to Comer camp, de posited a week’s provisions there and returned to Hut point. Open water prevented communica tion with Cape Evans, where Lieuten ant Campbell’s western party bad its headquarters, and it was not until April of last year that communication with Cape Evani was made possible by the freezing of the ice. The final searching party for Scott’s Expedition left Cape Evans on October 30,1912, after the hard Antarctic win ter bod oassed. SO IT WOULD SEEM. "What Is a ‘figure of speech,' pa?" “Well, If talk is cheap, it must be & pretty small figure." CHILD’S FACE ALL RED SPOTS 632 N. 6th St., Terre Haute, Ind.— “My little nephew, a boy of four years, had a breaking out on his face. It was little red spots at first, then he would rub and scratch and water bllg|ers would form, and wherever the water would run another would come until his face was covered with them. He would cry and fret. His mother got some medicine, but it did not do any good. He would scream and cry and say it hurt. We hardly knew him, his lltle face was all red spots and blisters. So I begged him to let me put some Cutlcura Ointment on them. The next morning I made a strong soap suds with Cutlcura Soap and washed his face in the warm snds. The little blisters burst by pressing the cloth on them. After I had his face washed, I put the-Cutlcura Oint ment on and In a short time his little face was all red and dry. I kept using the Cutlcura Soap and putting on the Cutlcura Ointment and his faoe got as well and It did not leave a scar. He was entirely cured In about one week and a half.” (Signed) Mrs. Arthur Haworth, Jan. 10, 1912. Cutlcura Soap and Ointment sold throughout the world. Sample of each free, with 82-p. Skin Book. Address post-card "Cutlcura, Dept. L, Boston." Adv. Why He Is Known. The class In ancient history was re citing. "Now, Harry, can you tell me who Nebuchadnezzar was?” asked the teacher. 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