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Interesting Pointers on Garden ing for the City Man or Suburbanite. WHAT TO PLANT AND WHEN Advice by an Expert on Agricultural Matters—Vines and Climbers— When to Plant Shrubs— Raspberries. By PROF. JOHN WILLARD BOLTE. The function of vines and climbing plants In landscape art Is to screen and soften mechanical features, to hide unsightly objects, to blend together Into a harmonious whole, various dis cordant elements. Varieties are a matter of taste, and If you will leave to your wife the .ques tion of proper location for vines, you will not go far wrong, from an ar tistic standpoint. The truth is that good vines are almost always In har mony, no matter where they are placed. Use them freely where you have a bare place. Many an untidy fence can be made Into a bower of delight by properly placed vines. The honeysuckles, wood bine from the deep woods, Kudzu vine, wild grape, clematis panlculata, and many others, can be secured at a tri lling expense, grow quickly, and are hardy. In the more southern Btates, Smith’s hybrid moon-vine Is particularly de lightful. The Jewel of porch climbers Is the Jackmanll type of clematis. White, lavander and pink, the blossoms come In reckless profusion, and If you are careful to get strong pot-grown plants, plant them In a rich, deep earth, without disturbing the roots, and do your transplanting about June 1, you will almost certainly succeed. Be sure to plant In a sunny spot, where water from the eaves will not compact the earth. Water well until the plant gets a good start. A fast growing, pleasant vine for the new porch is the Japanese Ivy. A few plants put In the soil alongside the porch in the sun will rapidly spread by way of the roots, and will form a thick, fragrant: curtain of light green, clear to the tr>p of the porch by the middle of summer. This plant In creases so rapidly that one must be careful to prevent its crowding out other less aggressive neighbors. Scarlet runner beans are a great fa vorite in northern climes for yearly planting, as are the wild cucumbers with tbeir tracery leaves and tendrils and their cool prickly fruit pods. Of course where climbing roses can be successfully grown, there is abso lutely nothing to compare with them in their gorgeous magnificence They call for the same soil conditions and care as bush roses, but they are less hardy as a rule in the Inland and northern states. In the eastern states and anywhere that cool, moist summer and even winter temperature prevails, the Eng lish Ivy grows in profusion. Nothing can be more satisfactory, particularly In connection with stone or brick structures of massive appearance. It seems to live forever In hospitable environments, and It will frequently cover an entire house, even to the chimney top. It is well to prevent it from covering wooden surfaces, how ever, as Its thick foliage holds moist ure- and hastens the decay of the wood, the rusting of nails, etc. Many ways of supporting vines are used, from strings to graceful wooden trellises. Chicken wire may be used to advantage-, and will last a number of years. Planting Shrubs. Spring la the favorite season for shrub planting. Not that most shrubs cannot be transplanted at almost any season of the year, but we all feel more interested In outdoor things when the robins first come back. Shrubbeiy about the house is a con stant Joy to all who behold it. Break ing up harsh linea and Joining to gether the more antagonistic features, It gives a finish and an air of per manency to any place. In choosing varieties for special uses, particular attention should be given to the form, color and charac ter of blossoms, and foliage, together with blooming period and general ap pearance of the shrub. Tall, straggling shrubs, like some of the lilacs and azaleas, give - better effects when placed at a distance, and either mass ed or planted against buildings, fences, etc. More symmetrical shrubs and the smaller varieties can be planted singly or grouped in beds In the fore ground. For planting about porches, noth ing is mdre handsome or more grace ful than bridal wreath. It can well bo supplanted with several other shrubs which bloom at different times, however. The hardy snowball is more satis factory planted alone In an expanse of green lawn. Tills la also the case with any' of the larger symmetrical shrubs. For hedges, probably nothing will give better results than California Privet or Arbor Vitae. Barberry, Jap anese Quinces, Sweet Briar and many others are frequently used for lower and less compact hedges, road bor ders, etc. Where It Is desired to conceal buildings, nothing Is better than lilacs, sumach, and some of the dwarf ever greens. In preparing to plant-shrubs, dig the holes or trenches a foot deeper than necessary, and All In that foot with rich earth over six inches of stable manure, leaving the earth rath er loose. Trim off all broken, rotten, or dis eased roots, spread the roots well and Bet the plant in the hole .so that It will be an Inch or two deeper than It was before. Fill the hole half-way with fine rich earth, mix in a quarter of a pound of some complete fertilizer, soak the earth with water and then fill up the rest of the hole. Tramp the earth down firmly and heap it up' to take care of settling later on. The branches should be trimmed in proportion to the root trimming, or the plant will die through lack of food. Keep unplanted shrubs moist and cool. If necessary to delay plant ing, lay them slantingly In a trench, cover the roots with moist earth and keep them watered. Raising Raspberries. There is no fruit more desirable or more easily grown than the red or black raspberries. The plants cost little and one can get them for nothing by making cuttings from wild bushes. They are much more easily grown than strawberries, and are much less trouble. The strawberry bed must be boed, trimmed and weeded regularly or It will be completely covered up, but the raspberry will produce luxuri antly under adverse conditions and even downright neglect. Two thirty-foot rows, one of a good red and one a black variety, will fur nish abundant fruit for the average family and the entire cost of having all the raspberries you want for a month’s time every year need not ex ceed the cost of a littlfi fertilizer and a little Bordeaux mixture. A raspberry patch will bear some fruit the second year and It will carry a heavy crop thereafter, for as much as ten years. They will grow well In any well drained, fertile soil and the black I varieties require a little richer soil than the reds. Neither will do as well as the blackberry on sandy ■or poor soils. , Buy your plants from a nursery man and put them Into a well prepared seed bed in the spring. Plant In rows, having the plants about two and one half feet apart Set the plants a lit tle deeper than they were at the nursery, firm the soil well and water occasionally for a week or two. The ground, should have a liberal covering of stable manure before turn ing over, and it will be well to work into the 801 l around each plant about one-fourth of a pound of a mixture of bone meal, three parts and muriate of potash one part. Fertilize In this pro portion each year, keep the ground cultivated and you should have heavy crops of large, juicy berries every year. Beds located In exposed positions in very cold climates will need to have the canes laid down and covered with earth and straw during the winter. When the bushes are properly pruned and fertilized, It will not be necessary to support them, but there are many advantages In tying the canes up to wire supports. Be careful in the pruning. After the first year cut all of the old canes out as soon as they have fruited. At the same time cut out surplus and feeble canes. In the early spring cut out all canes w-hich have been winter killed and trim all remaining stalks about a third. Rust and anthracnose are the most common diseases. Spray with Bor deaux for the first one and cutout and burn the diseased canes If rust ap pears. Slugs or worms can be killed by spraying with ht.lebore or arsenate of lead. Raspberries frequently produce 2,600 quarts of fruit per acre in a single year. Working the Land. Work to make each acre produce to the utmost. As land gets higher we will have to come to It. More inten sive farming and less extensive will make better farmers that will get more out of life. There Is no use to have money invested and pay taxes on two acres if you can make the same grow on one acre. This we can do by Increasing the fertility and giv ing better cultivation. If you are go ing to cultivate it, you would better have a medium-sized farm than a large one. ■Harness Punch Is Handy. Got a harness punch? It costs only a quarter, and with a package of cop per rivets breaks can be mended In a Jiffy. NEW CURRENCY BILL DETAILS OF ADMINISTRATION MEASURE GIVEN OUT. Provides for Reserve Banks and Would Create About $500,000,- 000 More Treasury Notes. Waatern Newspaper Union News Service. Detail of Currency Bill. Committee to divide country into not less than twelve districts, each to have federal reserve city. Each reserve city will have a federal reserve bank. Thero will be fifteen federal reserve banks. Central control through a federal board of nine members. Proposed new federal reserve notes limited to $300,000,000. Security for these notes may be gov ernment or state bonds or approved commercial paper. National bank depositories to be su perseded by the federal reserve banks. Board or control given authority to fix rate of interest. Headquarters of the federal reserve board to be situated in Washington. Authority given to country banks to lend' money on farming lands. Provision for banks of $1,000,000 or 1 more of capital to establish branch banks in foreign countries. Washington. — The admisistratlon currency bill was made public by Rep resentative Glass, chairman of the House committee on banking and cur rency. It will be introduced in the House and Senate after President Wil son has delivered in person hts ad dress to Congress. An outline of the measure prepared by Mr. Glass states that It will be gone over in detail for alterations, and sets out that its purposes is to accomplish three principal objects: Provision of a means for redis counting commercial paper of speci fied types. A basis for elastic notes properly safe-guarded. Machinery for doing foreign bank ing business. The measure’s essentials provide for twelve or more federal reserve banks which will rediscount paper, deal in government securities, exchange and conduct government tiscal operations. National banks and such state bank and trust companies as conform to : standards would be stockholders of the reserve banks. The government would bold no stock. | The government would control the federal reserve banks entirely through a federal reserve board of seven mem bers in which the banks would have no representation. The board would be composed of the secretary of the treasury, secretary of agriculture and comptroller of the currency as mem bers ex-officio. Four other members would be chosen by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The national bank note circulation would remain undisturbed and no pro posal is made in the bill for retiring approximately $700,000,000 two per cent bonds upon which that note issue now rests. An amendment or separate bill to refund these bonds into three per cent bonds may be introduced later. In addition to the $700,000,000 ex isting national bank notes, not more than $500,000,000 in what are to be known as federal reserve treasury notes might be Issued at the discre tion of the federal reserve board, sole ly for the purpose of making advances to the federal reserve banks, which would do no business with the public, deal only with their member-banks and receive deposits only from the United States. While the notes on their face would purport to be the obligations of the United States, they would be required to be secured by a gold reserve of 33 1-3 per cent provided by the federal reserve bank, and would be a first and paramount lien on the assets of these banks and would be redeemable in gold on demand of the treasury de partment at the city of Washington or any federal bank. MILLION FOR FLOOD RELIEF. Secretary McAdoo Asks Congress for $8,000,000 for Emergency Obliga tions. Washington. Government depart ments urgently need $8,000,000 and Secretary McAdoo asked Congress to appropriate for the decencies and emergencies. The Interstate com merce commission needs $1,500,000 for the physical valuation of rail roads, and $1,000,000 must be had to repay the Mississippi river flood re lief expenses. Of the war and navy departments, $25,000 to begin the Ar lington national cemetery memorial amphitheater, SIOO,OOO for the new in dustrial relations commission; $162,- 000 for the new department of labor, SB,OOO for the Atlantic iceberg patrol, SIOO,OOO for the production cost in vestigation of the bureau of domestic and foreign commerce; $1,000,000 for replacing 'stores destroyed in the Benecin arsenal, California; $500,000 for various public buildings and $49,- 000 for the civil service commission examinations. THE OLD LIBERTY BELL Religiously preserved In Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Is the Lib erty Hell which rang to celebrate the adoption of the Declaration of Inde pendence on July 4, 1776. It was brought from England In 1752 and the next year was recast with the words "Proclaim Liberty Throughout All the Land, and Unto All the Inhabitants Thereof” Inscribed on It. For many years It was rung annually on the Fourth of July, but In 1S35, while being tolled in memory of Chief Justice Marshall it was broken. Liberty Bell in past years has been taken to many cities for exhibition, but of late this practice has been abandoned in order that it may be preserved. HOW TO CELEBRATE Many Cities Join Movement for Sane Fourth of July. Casualty Lists Have Been Greatly Re duced—Fine Example of Proper Observance Set by Spring field, Mass. REPORT published by the Russell Sage Foundation on “How the Fourth Was Cel ebrated in 1911,” gives con clusive proof that the movement inaugurated In many cities for a sane and safe observance of the day resulted in reducing the death roll. The number of casualties by fire and acci dent was 1,603. In 1909 _A i there were 5,307 victims of their own or another’s carelessness. Last year 161 cities made a point of holding sane celebrations, but there remains over 1,100 cities of 5,000 population that have not embraced the reform. It is hoped that this year many other cities and villages will fall in line. Besides the gain in ridding the day of fires and accidents, the sane meth od of observance has given a larger amount of pleasure to the public pnd in many localities has been historical ly instructive as well. In New .York city' many large celebrations are planned for different centers which will include parades, pageants, histor ical tableaux, music and speeches by well known men on events and people connected with our national history. MUNROE TAVERN, LEXINGTON Earl Percy's headquarters and hos pital. April 19, 1775. The Munro« Tavern, built 1695. Beside the celebrations, devised for our English-speaking residents, there will be special festivals and celebra tlons in the Italian, Hungarian, Bo hemian and Jewish sections of the city where our more newly arrived cit izens will hear the history of their adopted land explained ip their own tongue and illustrated by stereopticon views or tableaux. An example of this kind of celebra tion was set two years ago in Spring field, Mass., at the Instance of the set tlement workers of that city. It re quired, to be sure, some time and thought, but the result was a beauti ful, poetic and educational holiday— with no aftermath of killed and wound ed. There were processions, a bal loon ascension, games, folk dances, athletic contests, boat races, band con certs and public fireworks —but no firecrackers. • One of the processions was a thing unique in America. Each nationality in the city was invited to put a float in. line. The Pilgrims were there to rep-" resent the old American stock; be side them came a huge Viking ship on wheels, sent by the Swedes; English residents put in line a float showing the signing of Magna Charta; the Scotch, Queen Mary, escorted by kilted Highlanders; the French Canadians, Champlain in his boat on the St. Law rence; Greeks, Italians and Irish, Ar menians, Poles and negroes all made suitable and interesting contributions to the line. Probably a more unifying and citizen making celebration was never seen in America. LARGEST OF OFFICIAL FLAGS Mammoth Banner Hangs in the Mid dle of the Post Office Building at Washington. t If patriotism were measured by the yards of red. white and blue bunting made into the form of the flag of the nation, the biggest assignment of it would be found in the post office build ing at Washington, for here hangs the biggest official flag that was ever made, although there are larger unof ficial flags. It also was made at the little flagshop on the side street. The building which houses the headquar ters of the postal service and keeps its finger on the pulse of all Uncle Sam's mails, boasts this mammoth flag. The great building ia constructed about a hollow square at the bottom of which is the glass-roofed floor space where the local mail is handled. Above this rise eight or nine stories of ma sonry Inclosing the hollow square. In the middle of this hangs the great flag reaching nearly the height and width of it It is solitary and alone, with but the masonry as a background. It is impreesive so hung and people come far to see it, and the idle passerby ia often brought to attention and stands in unconscious admiration. Some of the greatest men this coun try has ever produced succeeded in retaining all their fingers.