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EASTERN COLORADO TIMES
VOL. 2 Washington Letter, By Edward Keating, Congressman-at-Large From Colorado. Certain interests seem deter mined to kick the country into a war with Mexico. I am not ai'raid of Wilson stampeding as McKinley did under the spur of the “Yellow Journal” campaign which preceded the Spanish- American War. but it is just as well that we sit down and calmly consider the cost of a conflict with our peppery neighbors to the South of us. I know that the average jingo does not considerit “good form” to sr.op to count the cost of war. He would have us fight while our blood was up and permit posterity to do the counting. But the jingoes seldom do any of the real fighting. They confine them -8e,,-es to the talking end of the game. Like Artemus Ward, they are willing to sacrifice all their wives’ relatives but they are mighty careful of their own precious hides. Now, what is the situation in Mexico? Huerta, a red-handed assassin, is maintaining a pre carious hold op the central gov ernment. The surviving follow ers of Madero seem to have him in a tight place, and according to the most reliable information obtainable in Washington, they will be in a position in the 'near future to stand him up against a stone wall and shoot him. That’s exactly the treatment he is en titled to and the entire civilized world should rejoice if he re ceived his just deserts. MADERO A PATRIOT. It is pretty well established that he was bribed to betray his chief. The interests which had become intrenched in the South ern Republic during the regime of Porfino Diaz hated Madero. He was a dreamer, an idealist, a patriot. He wanted his people to have a large measure of liberty. He wanted Mexico for the Mexi cans and not for a band of ex ploiting adventurers. In a word, he was a leader in the centuries, old and world-wide battle against Special Privilege. And Special Piivilege fought him as Special Privilege always fights, doing whatever «vas necessary to attain its ends. In this case it was necessary to bribe the commander of his army and to permit that commander to kill him while he slept and to seize the exalted position which the murdered man had filled with so much honor, and ability and self-abnegation. For a time it seemed that Huerta’s bloody cup had rendered him supreme and that Madero’s friends, scattered or crushed, could not make head way against him, There was no talk then of intervention! The. men who are now clamoring for the soldiers to cross the Rio Grande did not suggest that Uncle Sim and the ocher world powers should send a column of troops to the City of Mexico for the purpose of hanging the assassins as high as Ilamon. On the contrary they ’ clamored for recognition of the government founded on murder. It was not until the Madcrists had reorgan ized their shattered forces ajid CHEYENNE WELLS CHEYENNE COUNTY, COLORADO, FRIDAY, AUUUST 1, 1013. decisively defeated Huerta’s re giments, gaining control of practically all of Northern Mexico that the United States was urged to intervene “to save lives and property”. FEAR “FIGHTING YANKEE.” Most of the Americans now in Mexico are employes of the big mining and other corporations. They are being kept in the country for the purpose of pro tecting their employers’ property They could hatfe been withdrawn to this side of the Rio Grande at almost any time during the last two years, but they have been ordered to remain at their posts and, like the brave Americans they are, they have obeyed. They are well armed and up-to date, have demonstrated their ability to look after themselves. In addition, all the participants in the revolution have manifest ed a disposition to give the fight ing yankees a wide berth. The result is that despite all the hull aballoo raised by interested parties there has been little or no loss of life among the Americans. There-has been destruction of property, but the loss falls on millionaires who are amply able to await the restoration of peace, when they are sure to be com pensated, GREAT ARMY NEEDED. No one in Washington pretends that we could undertake the pacification of Mexico with an army of less than two hundred and fifty thousand men. With such an army, barring foreign complications, we could seize the City of Mexico and the other principal cities of the Republic. But—then what? Would we oust Huerta and seat Carranza or attempt to es tablish a protectorate as we have done in Cuba? There are fifteen million peo ple in Mexico. Suppose they ob jected to our solution of the pro blem, how many years and how much of men and money would it require to convert them to our way of thinking? This war game is the most ex pensive ever devised by the brain of man, and it seems to cost us more than any other nation on earth. We are now expending SIBO,- 000,000 a year in pensions alone. Since the foundation of the gov ernment our pension bill has amounted to $4,383,368,163-88 Of course, that represents only a small part of our war bill. It does not cover the cost of main taining the armies in the field and the navies on the sea. It represents merely the pittance we have tossed to the shattered human wrecks who survive the conflict. Our war with Spain did not amount to much as wars go. It seemed a summer’s day frolic tor our boys but every city, town and hamlet in the nation contains pathetic evidence of the fearful price we paid for 6ur triumph. Already 23,841 of the survivers of that conflict have been placed on our pension rolls as invalids, and up-to-date the government has paid them $39,000,000. And that is only a beginning. Thou sands of fresh claims are now pending before Congress and in the Pension Bureau. Experts declare the numbers will increase rapidly from year to year. THE HUMAN SACRIFICE. When these men who are “in valids” now, sailed away to Cuba and the Philippines a few years ago they were the flower of the youth of the nation, picked men. They returned shattered in health and incapable of taking their proper places in the race of life. Thousands of their com panions never returned. They perished miserably in southern fever camps or fell in battle. What have we to show for the supreme sacrifice they made? The Sugar Trust seems to have gobbled up Cuba and Porto Rico and many believe that our pos session of the Philippines may eventually embroil us in one of the bloodiest wars of history. WILSON’S TASK. These are a few of the 'facts that the great kind, patient man in the White House is turning over in his mind as he seeks the key to this Mexican riddle. lam sure that he would not sacrifice the life of one red-cheeked, warm-hearted American lad to “protect” all the investments which the Wall Street buccaneers have made south of the Rio Grande. He undoubtedly feels, like the rest of us, that if the Morgans, the Guggenheims and the Rockefellers want a war the scions of those noble houses should shoulder their guns and do the fighting. He is laboring night and day now to establish peace in Mexico, lastipg, permanent peace found ed on constitutional government and not on the knife of the as sassin. If he succeeds he will have done a great work, As I said at the beginning of this re port I am not afraid of Wilson stampeding, and so long as his steady hand is on the helm there is no excuse for any of the rest of us becoming hysterical.- PREVENTION VERSUS CURE There is always a clamor for some panacea for the relief of a multitude of ailments. It makes little difference whether the patient is human or ani mal. Tell a farmer how to improve tlie condition of a sick animal and lie will be very grateful to you and re member you, hut try to teach him how to prevent sickness in a hundred head of livestock and he will scoff at you and promptly forget your instructions. In human medicine the ideu of mak ing every man his own physician lias long since been dropped, but since veterinary knowledge and education 1 ags behind, there still exists a demand for tlie instruction of the farmer along tlie lines of veterinary medicine. Through the practice of veterinary medicine it lias been found that if the farmer had taken a few precautions, he might have avoided some of liis most serious losses. A few suggestions then of some of the common errors should be in order. Corn, chop and ground barley, should only be fed in very small quan tities to horses. If a horse is accustomed to hard work he should not be given a days complete rest, especially upon full feed. Stop to pull a nail from a board rather than turn it over. Kememlier that a colt between the ages of 2% and It years gets 12 new teeth. See that the old ones are pro perly shed. Have a veterinarian ex amine your horse’s mouth once uyeur. H. E. KINGMAN, Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado. Wives of Colorado Congressmen Named Suffrage Delegates. Wives of three of Colorado's dele* Ration in congress will represent this state in the national suffrage confer ence to l>ofield in Washington August 13th. Mrs. John Shafroth, Mrs. Ed tvard T. Taylor and Mrs. Edward Keating will be the delegates who will tell the members of the conference of tlie way suffrage lias worked out in this state. Invitations wereextended to Senator Helen Ring Robinson, Mrs. Helen L. Grenfell and Miss Gail Laughlin to be present and make addresses before the conventionsT"but all were unable on account of lecture engagements at other places. On account of the numerous events that will be taking place in Denver during the time of the conference and the unwillingness of many to leave the city at that time, it was decided that the Colorado women already in Washington should represent the state. The three delegates ha 'e been urged by Mrs. Harriet G. 11. Wright, presi dent of tlie suffrage association in this sttite, to make speeches before the conference and convince the members that woman suffrage lias worked out successfully in Colorado. One of the most important matters to come up before tlie conference, ac cording to Mrs. Harriet G. Wright, president of the Colorado Suffrage as sociation, is the proposition of a fed eral law creating universal woman suffrage. The advisability and pos sibility of securing the passugeof such a law will be impressed upon the gathering of suffragists and a cam paign will be sorted to push it through. It is declared that the three Colorado women will be among the most active in this campaign. KEEPING CUT FLOWERS. To keep cut flowers in good condi tion, they should lie cut early in the morning, when they are still fresh and brittle and the sun has not yet had much effect on them. They should be cut when only partly or just beginning to open and put in fresh, cool water and kept in a cool dark room (cellar) for about twenty-four to thirty-six hours before ussng them. This will make them linn and udd greatly to their freshness and keeping qualities. After taking the flowers to the living room, the stem ends should be cut back a little and the flowers placed in a rather wide glass vase in fresh cold water, which should be renewed daily and kept in a cool place. A little salt, nitrate of soda (salpetre) or bicarbon ate of sodamay be added to the water, which will also help to preserve the flowers and brighten the colors. Much also depends on kinds of flowers and also on varieties. Some are very good keepers (carnations, chrysanthe mums, asters, orchids, etc.); others last only a very short time (roses, violets, poppies). On sArae varieties the plants with woody stein (Chrysanthemums), it be comes necessary to split or mash the lower end of the stem to allow the flowers to take up more water to make them keep well. Others, again, may have to be singed or the stem ends inserted an inch or two in boiling water to seal them (Poinsettias, Eu phorbias, poppies). Often wilting flowers can be made to look fresh again if the stems are cut back some and then inserted in a vase with hot water and put in a cool, dark place for a few hours. Roses should be cut when the buds' just begin to open. Flowers of a soft nature ure usually poor keepers and flowers of one kind will keep better than a mixed bunch. JULIUS ERDMAN, Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado. HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS AND MEDICINES. A number of substances which are found in practically all homes are very useful in their place, but are a source of danger if handled carelessly or ignorantly. The first step toward safety lies in the banishment of all bottles and packages of chemicals or medicines the nature of which is un known. Never allow a sample of pills or tablets, as often distributed from house to house or sent through the mails, to fall into the hands of child ren or other irresponsible persons. It is much better to destroy the pack age at once than to risk perhaps fatal results from ignorant use of the con tents. Keep chemicals entirely sepa rate from medicines or anything else that is to l>e used internally. Have everything, whether chemicals or medicines, in strong containers that are not readily upset or broken. A box with pasteboard compartments serves to keep bottles separate and does away with the chances of upset ting or breaking the bottles. Have everything plainly labeled. All pois ons should be labeled without fail, in large letters, with the word POISON in several languages if necessary. Labels and ink ere cheaper than doc tor's and undertaker’s bills. If a la bel is lost or illegible, and you aro not certain of the identity of the sub stance, throw it away or have it ex amined by some one else who may be able to safely identify it. No sub stance should be allowed to remain in tiie lionse if it lias not been brought or sent to the home by some well known responsible person. The medicine and chemical closets should be made to be locked, and should lie' [Aneed out of tiie reach of children. C. E. VAIL, Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado. BRISKET DISEASE For fifteen or twenty years, we at the College have been getting reports on a peculiar disease of cattle, which the stock men, for want of a 1 letter name, have called “Brisket Disease”. This name is given to the trouble because of the fact that sometime be fore deatli the brisket swells enor mously. Owing to the generosity of several stock men in Middle Park, tile Experiment Station has begun an investigation of the malady, but as we did not get it until rattier late "in the spring we have been privileged to sec only two good typical cases. It seems to be a winter disease entirely so that we do not expect to gain any more in formation until next fall. However, we have learned something of the nature of the conditions and hope at some future time to maku a full state ment regarding its cuuse and treat ment. It seems to boa disease of high altitudes, having been reported to us from both Middle and North Parks. It is rattier a chronic condition, run ning on for several weeks or some times months, but almost always ends fatally. it usudjly begins with a diarrhoea but the appetite remains good until tlie last. In those cases we had the privilege of seeing, the fever was not high. There is a large collection of dropsical fluid in both tlie thorax and the at id omen and tills of course is responsible for the swol len brisket. The liver, on post mor tem is always found to be tougli and leathery, which the microscope shows to lie due to chronic inflammation. f. E. NEWSOM, Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado. CLEANING OLD PAINT BRUSHES. Dissolve one part of crystallzed sodium carbonate in three parts of water and put tlie solution in a jar uliout six inches deep then suspend the paint brush in the solution with tlie bottom of the brush about two inches from the bottom of tlis solution. Keep the jar in a good warm place, with temperture of about 15) decrees for twelve hours or more. The dried paint will theh become so soft that it can be easily washed out with soap and water. JEROME 13. FRISISIE, Colorado Agricultural College, Fort Collins, Colorado. NO 18.