EASTERN COLORADO TIMES
By Edward Keating,
From Colorado. -
in receipt of.the following
letter from a well known sheep
man of Colorado:
July 18, 1913.
I have been reading your Wash
inglpn letters in several Eastern
Colorado newspapers, and see
that you are long on explaining
things, so wish in your next let-
would explain why wool
' favour to six cents per pound
(Reaper than last year. I am
sure there is a lot of us here that
would like to know. It surely
can’t be the tariff, for we have
been assured by professors and
lecturers that this bill would
greatly reduce the price to the
Consumer, but would not cut the
’ price paid the producer. So if
you explain how this can be done
1 am sure we would all appreci-
I ate it and look for it in your
next letter. Yours truly,
Charles E. Collins.
The sarcasm of my correspon
dent is not lost on me, but I will
not retort in kind. This tariff
is of too much importance to all
people to be flippantly disposed
The democratic party is seek
ing to place raw wool on the free
list, and it is also attempting to
make a cut of 66 per cent in the
duty on tfte products of the jvool
en mills, We are doing this be
cause we do not believe it is just
to increase fhe price of the cloth
of all the people in order that a
very small percentage of our pop
ulation may be prosperous.
STILL UNDER PROTECTIVE
> ' TARIFF.
We contend however, that the
removal of the tariff on raw wool
will not materially affect the
> price the sheep man will receive
for his wool, It is probably true,
as Mr. Collins says, that the
price bid by wool buyers in his
section of Colorado is lower than
it was iast year. But Mr. Col
lins should remember that the
country is still operating under
the Payne-Aldrich tariff bill, and
that you cannot import a pound
of raw wool without paying the
exorbitant tariff provided by that
If a protective tariff always
operates to increase the price
paid the sheep man for his wool,
why doesn’t it “protect” him
now? Of course our standpat
friends will tell you that the
price ofjwool has fallen because
of the “threat” of free wool but
the weight of evidence is against
> The truth is that the woolen
trust— a combination of the own
ers of the big woolen mills—con
trols the wool buyers of the coun
try. These agents of the trust,
assisted by the calamity-howling
standpat Senators and newpapers
" have SCARED the wool growers
of Colorado, and other states in
to selling their clips at less than
the world’s prices.
SOS4E REPUBLICAN TESTI
Let me submit a little testimo
ny on that point. Hon. William
CHEYENNE WELLS, CHEYENNE COUNTY, COLORADO, THURSDAY, AUUUST U, 1913.
Lindsay is one of the leading
wool growers of Montana. He
is a prominent Republican being
United States Marshal for the
District of Montana, appointed
by President Taft. In an inter
view recently printed in all Mon
tana papers, Mr. Linsay said:
“Wool prices have been on a
free wool basis for the last three
years, EVEN THOUGH WE
HAVE HAD A TARIFF, and for
this reason Ido not believe that
prices are going to drop when
the tariff is removed.
“The condition of the trade
the condition of the wool clip,
and the decreased number of
'sheep in the country all make me
believe we will not have any
cheaper wool than we have had
for three years past. The wool
lefts in the east are empty, the
mills are p-ptry well employed,
and there is absolutely no reason
why prices shouldj drop EVEN
WITH FREE WOOL.
The average price of wool in
Montana this year was from 16
to 17 cents, about four cents less
than the average for the last
year. The buyers were enabled
to hammer the price that much
by exagerating the effects of
free wool, but those prices are
below a free wool basis, in my
judgment, and I expect to see
the wool consigned east bring
from 18 to 20 cents.”
“BEARING” THE WOOL
Volumes of evidence might be
submitted in support of Mr. Lind
say’s statement that “wool prices
have been on a wool basis for
three years even though we have
had a tariff” but space will not
It is difficult to make compari
sons of wool prices on the Amer
ican and the English, or free
trade, markets, because of the
difference in classifications, I
have it on the authority of leading
Western wool growers, however,
that the English market is fre
quently higher than the Ameri
can. These gentlemen agree
that the woolen combine, through
its control of the buying agencies
is enabled to “bear” the wool
market and practically dictate
the price it will pay the sheep
men, That the wool growers are
“catching on” to the tactics of
the wool combine is shown by
the following telegram which ap
peared in a Denver paper a few
“Cokeville, Wyoming, July 18
Local sheep men who declined
early offers of 12 and 13 cents
for their wool are now selling
their clips at from 15 1-2 to 163-4
cents. The clips of Rathbun Bros
and F. J. Downey brought 15 1-2
cents; Salmon Bros. 153-4 cents;
Bernion Bros' 16 3-4 cents.”
The fact is this tariff on raw
wool is one of the fakes used by
the real beneficiaries of a high
protective tariff to “pull the
wool” over the eyes of the Amer
ican farmer. It is of a piece
with the tariff on wheat and
potatoes and cabbages. None of
these tariffs affect the prices paid
the farmer for his products.
He is always selling in a free
trade market, but he doesn’t'
know it. I
He knows the tariff increases
the price of everything he buys, j
and it is hard to persuade him
that it will increase the price of
everything he sells, he forgets
that the things he buys are pro
cuced by manufacturers who
find it easy to combine and raise
and maintain prices to the full
level of the tariff wall, while he
and his fellow farmers never
think of combining and disposing
of their products in competitive
markets and receive the prices
fixed by the law of supply and
A NEEDED OBJECT LESSON.
The Democratic party has pla
ced wool and wheat, and many
other products of the farm and
range on the free list, not be
cause it wishes to injure the
farmer or the sheep man, but be
cause it wants them to know that
their prosperity is not dependent
on a high protective tariff. Once
you get the farmer to understand
that these protectionists have
been fooling him-that when he
buys he buys in a protected mar
ket, and whem he sells he sells in
a free trade market- the temple
of protection will be deprived of
most of its foundation stones.
A rather striking illustration
of the way the tariff affects the
farmer was given in the United
States Senate the other day.
Penrose, the star.dpat Senator
from Pennsylvania, announced
that a concern in his state which
makes cream separators, would
move its plant to Germany should
the Underwood bill pass. These
Pennsylvania cream separators
were selling from $25 to $55, ac
cording to Penrose, and the Ger
mans were prepared to supyly
our farmers with as good an ar
ticle for $l4.
Senator Ollie ,lames suggested
that these would be glad tidings
for the poor American farmer
who were being held up on the
price of their cream separators,
but Penrose continned to bewail
the “destruction” of a great in
dustry until Senator Stone pro
duced an interview with an offic
ial of the separator company flat
ly denying that they contempla
ted moving to Germany, Sand in
sisting they would continue to do
business at the same old stand,
tariff or no tariff.'
Thus another protective roor
bach was disposed of.
Originally intended for Clieyenune
county Kansas, and published by re
Frank Baker’s my name,
an old bachelor l am;
Ibn keeping old batch,
in an elegant plan:
You'll find me out west,
in the county Cheyenne;
Starving to death,
on a government claim.
My house is built of the natural soil,
The walls are erected according to
The roof has no pitch,
but is level and plain;
And 1 always get wet if it happens
Then Hurrah for Cheyenne County,
The land of the free,
The home of the grasshopper,
bed-bug and flea;
I’ll sing of its praises,
and tell of its fame;
While starving to death,
on a government claim.
My clothes are all ragged,
My language is rough;
My bread is car hardened,
both solid and tough;
The dough it is scattered,
all over the room;
The floor it frets seared,
at the sight of a broom;
The dishes are scattered all over
covered with sorgum and govern
Still I have a good time,
and live at my ease;
On common sop sorgum,
old bacon and grease.
Then come to Cheyenne County,
There’s room for you all;
Where the wind never ceases,
and the rain never falls;
Where the sun never sets,
but always remains;
T* 11 it burns us all up,
on our.governmcnt claims
How Happy I feel when I crawl into
The rattlesnake rattles a tune at
The gay little centipede,
void of all fears;
Crawl over my neck,
and down into my ears
The cute little bed-bug so cheerful
keeps me awake two- thirds of the
The smart little flea,
with sharp tacks in his toes,
Plays why don’t you catch me;
all over my nose.
Then Hurrah for Cheyenne County,
hurrah for the west;
Where the farmers and laborers,
are always at rest;
Where they have nothing to do,
but sweetly remain;
And starve like men,
on government claims.
How happy I am,
on my government claim;
I’ve nothing to lose,
and nothing to gain;
I’ve nothing to eat,
and nothing to wear;
So nothing for nothing,
is honest and fair.
Spoken at the Farmers meeting
May 15, 1913,. at Waltman’s
school house by Grant Deakins.
FIRST VIEW NEWS.
J. C. Allen viisted the County
Rev. DeMunbrun preached
Miss Bertha Cheney returned
to Denver Sunday.
Mrs. Moler visited at F. Pro
dehl’s over Sunday.
Dolly Moler took dinner with
Mrs Melton Sunday.
Showers Saturday night gave
relief from the heat.
Mrs. Delos Curtis returned to
Cheyenne Wells Monday.
Thos. Mansfield made a busi
ness trip to Wild Horse Saturday
Rev. Fr. Kieffer will hold mass
here Sunday Aug 17 at 8 o’clock.
Lyda Marshall and Mattie
Trimble returned to Cheyenne
Mr. Geo. Atkinson and Roy
Atkinson drove to Cheyenne
Mrs. E. M. Liscom, Mrs. Geo
Culley and Oscar Garvik were
passengers to Denver Friday.
There is some talk of giving a
dance in the new school house
before the fall term of school. 1
Mrs. G. E, Gregory and son and
daughter left last week for a vis- ,
it at Manhattan and Topeka Kan. '
John Marshall, Thos. Dwyer, <
Max Cheney and the Melton boys
made a flying trip to Cheyenne
Wells Sunday evening. \
Mr. and Mrs. Wells passed
through our burg Sunday on an
auto trip to Colo. Springs and
Denver, they were acompanied
by Zora Curtis.
Mrs. Sampson is reported bet
ter at this writing.
Mr. C. A. Hicks went to Hugo
Sunday to see the doctor.
Mrs. Clark Wright is enjoying
a visit from her mother, Mrs.
Mable and Dewey Davis re
turned last Friday, Mr. and Mrs.
Davis will soorr be here.
Mr Rossen took John Pollard
Sid Green and Frank Rush and
their witnesses to Hugo to make
John Pollard is enjoying a visit
from two brothers of Loveland
Oklahoma, they will accompany
John overland to Oklahoma.
Davis Hammond returned from
Hays, Kansas, Wednesday. He
stopped in Aroya a few days then
went on to Longmont, Colo.
Mrs. Arthur Smith returned
from Kansas where they have
lived the past year. She report
everything dry, and seems to
think Colorado good enough for
Beulah Blood is spending this
week with Anna Tuxhorn.
Mrs. W. F. Wyant spent Tues
day in the Walker home.
Cliff Kibbie and wife spent
Monday in the W. P. Owen home.
We had a fine rain in our vicin
ity Monday afternoon and even
Mert Boyack was a caller in
Cheyenne Wells Tuesday even
Lou Burn left for Denver and
other western points Tuesday
Hattie Galland and Mert Boy
ack spent Sunday in the W. G.
The Misses Dora and Anna
Loster spent Monday in the L.
W. Kibbie home.
Mrs. J. N. Snyder returned
from an extended visit in Mis
souri and lowa last week.
There was a large crowd from
Arapahoe attended the dance in
Cheyenne Wells Saturday night
and report a splendid time.
The Ladies Social Circle spent
last Thursday with Mrs. J. H.
Bidinger, full attendance and a
good time enjoyed all present.
Miss Nellie Boyack. of Inde
pendence lowa, who has been vis
iting relatives in Kansas is here
visiting her brother Mert, and al
so in the Walker home.
Dance at Ben Tight’s Friday
evening Aug. 15.
D. T. Hollywood was the lucky
one to draw the colt in the raffle
Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Hickey and
son Glen, are in Denver this week
taking in the Triennial Conclave
! The dance at Sears and Hollin
baugh’s garage, was quite a suc
-1 cess. Everyone seemed to enjoy
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