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REMOVE PINE STUMPS
Clearing of Land for Agricultural Purposes Is Problem. When Cleared and Properly Handled 80II le Rich and Valuable—Big Coat of Work Haa Discour aged Many Settlers. (By E. B. FERRIS.) Practically one-third ot the area of Mississippi is embraced In what la known as the Long-Leaf Pine belt Also large portions of many of the other states bordering on the Atlantic ocean and Qulf of Mexico are, or once were, covered with this long-leaf pine. The clearing of these lands for agricul tural purposes is quite a problem, as so many acres have been denuded of their timber growth and await de velopment at the hands of the farmer. As a rule it is quite an easy matter to free the land from logs and tree tops, but the removal of the stumps Is the really serious task about clearing pine lands, for unlike the hard woods and many other pines, the stumps of A .Stump Puller. the long-leaf pine do not decay very fast, many being almost as resistant to decay as bronze. The McNeill experiment station bas removed tbe stumps from 100 acres of land, using all known methods, and keeping sufficient data to determine approximately the cost by each meth od. Fifty acres of this land was cul tivated several years before removing the stumps and this experience led to the conclusion that it is far better to remove all stumps before the land is put into cultivation. The lands can not be cultivated economically with the stumps on them. Digging and cutting is a sure meth od of removing the stumps if persisted In, but under our conditions has proved the most expensive one except for stumps ten Inches or less in diam eter, or for lands that have been in cultivation a long time and are par tially decayed. So far tbe most successful methods of getting rid of the stumps necessi tate the use of Are to destroy them. The common method is to dig a hole 12 or move inches deep on one side of the stump and as close to it as pos sible and use this as a furnace for firing tbe stump. In digging these holes it is necessary that tbe soil be removed from as much of the stump as possible so as to allow the Are to come in contact with at least elx inches of It. Burning stumps by this A Stump Borer. nethod Is a slow process, but it ne cessitates no outlay of money and be sides It may be done by one Individual, while to pull them requires several men and a team. The burning of stumps may be great ly hastened by boring a hole diago nally through the stump from the sur face of the ground on one side Into the furnace on the opposite side. This serves as a flue through which the heat and flame pass out. going through SOME GOOD BEE ESSENTIALS Neglect to Provide Honey Gathe.ers With Drinking Water at Culpa ble at Neglecting Food. (By BESSIE U PUTNAM.) We take pleasure Id kindness, In various -ways, to-the higher domestic anlmalB, well knowing that there Is profit In this humane treatment, but that it should extend to the bees may come as a new thought to many. Neglect to provide drink Is as culpa ble as to.cut oft the food supply, and yet the bees are in many Instances wholly disregarded In this respect. Yet the Insects plucklly shift for themselves in such cases, and they may be found congregated around the vilest spots. If they happen to contain moisture, not because they do not pre fer pure water, but because It Is not convenient to obtain. You may notice how they Invariably flock around the watering trough. If It happens to stand in the neighborhood of the hives, showing plainly that wa ter Is necessary, and can you fall to appreciate how many are drowned in this effort to get a drink f the atump and heating It up in one fourth the time required without the hole. A atump thua treated usually burna out with little effort on the part of attendants and In moat cases to a sufficient depth beneath the surface to be out of the way of plows and cul tivators. A quick and fairly satisfactory meth od of removing stumps is by first blasting them with dynamite and then burning the shattered remains. It requires from one-quarter to one pound of dynamite to shatter the gen eral run of pine stumps. In order to do this with the amount of explosive mentioned. It la necessary to place the dynamite Into holes bored well Into the stump and to tamp Bame thor oughly with sand or clay. Effort should be made to so place these holes that the pressure from the explosion will be exerted equally in all directions In the stump, otherwise it will simply blow out the weakest side and fail to shatter the stump. A good boring ma chine can be jsed very effectively for boring these holes, reducing the cost over hand boring at least 50 per cent. There Is an element of danger In the use of dynamite, but a very slight one If even ordinary precautions are used. TOAD SHOULD BE PROTECTED Food of Little Creature Conelets of inaects of One Kind or Anoth er—Helpful to Farmer. Investigations which have been carried on by the United States de partment of agriculture give the common garden toad a most useful place among the insect destroyers which are helpful to the horticul turist. An examination of 149 toads' stomachs showed that 98 per cent, of the little animals' food consists of insects of one kind or another. Among these were found cutworms, ants, bugs and beetles, spiders, potato bugs, thousand legged worms, weevils, tent caterpillars and grasshoppers, wire worms, and army worms, cucumber bugs, plumb curcullos, gypsy moths, cabbage moths and |rape caterpllars. In the stomach of one toad seventy seven thousand-legged worms were Common Garden Toad. found; in another flfty-flve army worms. One toad In captivity snapped eighty-six house flies ip. ten minutes; another was given twenty-four gypsy moths at one feeding. With bo much required to satisfy the appetite of a toad at a single meal, it would be dif ficult Indeed to put an estimate on the huge amount of Insect food consumed In a single season. The natural enemies of the toads are hawks, owls, crows, snakes and skunks, and poultry destroy many young toads. The little animals, which are to be found In every gar den, should be protected with the same care as are- the useful birds which frequent It. Alfalfa Hay for Cows. Because of the high protein content, alfalfa is especially valuable as a feed for dairy cows for breeding animals and for growing young stock. It Is of considerable economlo value when grown and fed on the farm, as It takes the place of high-priced, protein-rich concentrates, such as bran and cotton seed meal. It is more economical, un der most conditions at least, to feed It as a part ration ettber with corn or some carbohydrate roughage, as corn stover or grass hay, rather than to feed It alone. A fountain for their special accom modation Is so easily made that It is wasteful to neglect It. Cover a pan or other shallow dish with wire screen cloth, and keep the dish filled with water, placing It In a shady place, where It will keep as cool as possible. The bees can get the moisture throufh the screen, and yet there Is no possi bility of their drowning. Another hardship through pure neg lect, and one which often results dis astrously, Is a failure to keep the grass mowed In front of the hives. How would you like to have such an obstacle In your path when coming home tired and heavy laden? Ease and convenience applied to the work of every helper Is not without Its reward. Small Farms In Demand. The U. S. Reclamation Service an nounces that an Increased desire on the part of settlers on Irrigation pro jects to take up small farms has ne cessitated regulations facilitating the subdivision of established farm units. On most of the government projects the farm unit consist!! of 40 and 80 acre tracts. THE CHEYENNE RECORD. MILLION ATTEND GAYNOR FUNERAL SOMBER SILENCE HANGS LIKE CLOUD OF GLOOM OVER WHOLE CITY. TAFT AS "ALLBEARER STREETS PACKED WITH MOURN* ERS ALONG ROUTE TAKEN BY PROCESSION. Western Newspaper Union News Service. New York. — Historic Greenwood cemetery, the resting place in Brook lyn of many famous dead, received the body of New York’s late mayor, Wil liam Jay Gaynor, after funeral serv ices in his honor which were without parallel in the history of the city. In the presence of the family, the hrnorary pall bearers, including Wil liam Howard Taft and city officers, among them Mayor Kline, the Wdg draped coffin was committed to the grave in tho Gaynor family plot. The brief Episcopalian service was read by the Kev. Frank W. Page, former., pastor of St. John’s, the church where mayor worshipped. A million people, it is estimated, saw the funeral cortege move slowly, first from the city hall, where thous ands had witnessed the body lying in state Sunday, to Trinity church, where Bishop Greer conducted the solemn services; then back past city hall, across the Brooklyn bridge, through Brooklyn’s streets past the late may or's Eighth avenue home and on to the cemetery. When the church services had end ed, the great masses of flowers that had been in Trinity and the city hall were sent to hospitals, the choicest among them, orchids and chrysanthe mums, to St. Mary’s, the Hoboken, N. J., institution, where Mr. Gaynor lay after being shot down by an assnssin three years ago. CYCLONE SWEEPS FRUIT BELT. Rancher Killed by Lightning, Boy Crushed—$100,000 Damage. Grand Junction.—A terrific wind storm at times resembling a cyclone, swept the Grand valley, caused a loss of $100,000 and fatally injured a boy. The storm lasted five minutes, and during thut time, put the electric light and interurban plant out of commis sion, caused a $20,000 loss to build ings in the city and from $50,000 to $75,000 damage to the fruit crop. At Cedaredge, Frederick Flint was struck by lightning and killed. Alfred Gal lupe, the 10-year-old son of Mrs. Ella Gallupe, was standing with half a dozen other boys in the shelter of the Y. M. C. A. building when the storm broke. The wind blew the stone fa cade from the building and a portion fell on the boy’s head, crushing his skull. His companions escaped. Phy. sicians operated on the boy to remove the pressure from the brain. His re covery is doubtful. Miners Begin Strike. Trinidad., Sept. 23. —Trinidad rested uneasily last night because of the threatened tie-up in the coal fields in southern Colorado today. Late last night it was deemed certain that the strike will be complete, at least for to day, the first day of the walkout. Of the 5,000 coal miners and their fam ilies, who ordinarily live in the camps surrounding Trinidad, fully 1,500 are here and more are coming into town. Representative Roddenberry III. Tomanville, Ga. — Representative Sanderson Roddenberry of the Second Georgia district is critically ill at his home here. MADERO’S SLAYER KILLED. Rebels Suspect President of Destroy ing Last Witness to Murder. Washington.—Lieut. Francisco Car denas. accused by the Mexican Consti tutionalists of having killed Francisco I. Madero with a shot from behind, has been himself assassinated, accord ing to reports received at Carranza’s headquarters. These say that Car denas was murdered in Michoacan, whither he had been sent by General Huerta to command federal troops. The Carranzaists suspect that Car denas was killed by an agent of the present administration, so that ho would be unable to reveal the orders he received on the night of February 22, when Madero was conveyed from the national palace In Mexico City to prison. Cardenas was in charge of the auto mobile that was carrying the deposed president and sat directly behind Ma dero. The latter was killed by a bul let that entered the back of his head and came out of his forehead. JAM AT ITS VERY BEST RULES FOR MAKING MOST DELI CATE OF PRESERVES. Essentisl Points That Are Important to Remember—Absolute Cleanli ness of All Things the First Element of the Work. Most of tbe hints and Instructions given to the maker of Jam have for their object the preparation of pre serves that will keep for an almost Indefinite length of time, but with this aim in view delicacy of flavor and color is to a certain extent sacri ficed. These Instructions are for Jam that Is not intended to be kept as long as Jams are usually ~kept. The fruit must be sound, dry and not over-ripe. For absolute safety a heavy enamel-lined pan and wooden spoon are best used when making, avoiding all danger of the flavor or color of the fruit being affected by the action of fruit acids on meals. In no case must an Iron pan and metal spoon be used. The points to be remembered are: Quick boiling all the time, with only enough stirring to prevent burning and to allow the scum to rise freely. Careful skimming, though with clean, sound fruit and sugar which Is dry, absolutely clean, and of pure quality -the scum will be small In quantity. Sprinkle the fruit with a little dry warm sugar to remain over night. Next day put it Into the preserving pan, bijng to a boll, and boil ten min utes, then add the remaining bulk of the sugar, dried In the oven, and let it come to the boiling point again. 801 l quickly for IS minutes longer, then put two or three drops of the Juice In a saucer standing In cold water, so as to test as quickly as possible, as every unnecessary min ute of boiling takes from the delicacy of the preserves. As soon as Jellying is proved in the drops cooled In the saucer, remove from the fire and pour Into the hot Jars. Tie down at once with thin-paper dipped upper side In milk, or rubbed over with white of eggs. Press the cover well round the edges of each Jar so that it will stick and become air-tight, and when cool and dry write the name and date on, adding that the contents are not In tended for long keeping.. By thus covering down while the space above the Jam Is filled with steam, the en trance of air Is prevented, and the keeping power of the Jam Increased. Pour a little brandy over the Jam to keep longer. ' Delicious raspberry preserves of fine color are made as follows: Sprin kle the fruit with a little dry, warm sugar-, directly you obtain It, and when ready to make the Jam put It Into a pan and let ‘t get quite hot Have ready the sugar, hot and dry in the oven, allowing one-half pound to each pound of raspberries. Add to tbe fruit, let dissolve, heat to boil ing point, then remove and treat as directed. The storage place for these Jams Is as important as other details. They will keep for many weeks In a cool dry place, free from dust. Meat Souffle. Chop 1 cup of meat, melt In a saucepan 1 teaspoon of butter, a heap ing teaspoon of flour, pinch of salt and pepper, 1 cup milk. Stir well until It thickens and Is Bmooth. Add little chopped parsley and a few drops of onion Juice. Beat the yolks of 2 eggs to a stiff froth and add Juat before putting in moderately hot oven. Bake 2 minutes and serve at once. Starching Colored Clothes. If a glossy starch is added to the ordinary lump starch used for dark prints, the pieces can easily be Ironed on the right side without mak ing any visible change in the appear ance of the material, which Is notice able when Ironing dark red, blue and black pieces especially. How to Kill Moth Eggs. Having discovered a good way to get rid of moths In carpets and wool en material, I contribute It to this page. Wet a towel and lay over the ar ticle; then Iron the spots with a hot Iron and the steam will kill the eggß. —New York Press. To Make Light Biscuits. If you put your biscuits In the Ice box for a few hours before baking them, "they will be much lighter than If baked at once. Pretty Idea. Have a flower like those used fot the decoration of the table floating lr each of the finger bowls. A bit of old fashioned herbage, which eometimei takes the place of tbe tlme-honoret rose geranium leaf. Is a sprig of lemon verbena. ~J When making pastry always us« a knife Instead of a spoon and touch It with the hands aa little as possible I find this very much better, as II makes it extremely llghL WOMAN FEELS 10 YEARS YOUNGER Since Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound Re stored Her Health. Louisville, Ky.—“I take great pleas ore in writing to inform yon of what ■mu i :..!■.?—!» Lydia E. 'Pinkham’a Vegetable Com pound has done for me. I was weak, W . nervous, and cared WM'Sf ; for nothing but S J? 1 sleep. Now I can Blk /ilf i 8° «ke®d with my ijA - V I work daily and feel i ten years younger than before I started 1 \V\ taking your medl —J—' 1 cine. I will advise any woman to consult with you before going to a doctor.”—Mrs. Inize WHi* i.m, 2229 B<mk St., Louisville, Ky. Another Sufferer Believed. Romayor, Texas.—"I suffered terri bly with a displacement and bladder trouble. I was in misery all the time and could not walk any distance. I thought I never could be cured, but my mother advised me to try Lydia E.Pink ham’s Vegetable Compound and I did. "1 am cured of the displacement and the bladder trouble is relieved. I think the Compound is the finest medicine on earth for suffering women. ” — Mrs. Viola Jasper, Romayor, Texas. If yon want special advice write to Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co. (confi dential) Lynn, Mass. Yonr letter will be opened, read aqd answered by a woman and held In strict confidence. Constipation Vanishes Forever Prompt Relief —Permanent Cure CARTER’S LITTLE LIVER PILLS never fail. Purely vegeta- ble — act surely i nrcnc but gently on ST.Si.Fr the liver. ■ !7,V- L r? Stop after I1VER dinner dis- 1 tress—cure Jw It., jgestion, t==^^=» improve the complexion, brighten the eyes SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICK Genuine must bear Signature You Can Buy The Best Irrigated Land In Southern Idaho For $50.50 an Acre Good Soil Fine Climate Crops Never Fail Especially adapted to the rtlsing of alfalfa, grains, potatoes anf 5 ; fruits. Ideal for dairy ing and stock raising. On main line Oregon Short Line Railroad. Lands surround Richfield. Dietrich, Sho shone and Gooding in Lincoln and Gooding Counties. 20,000 acres open to entry. THE BEST WATER RIGHT IN THE WEST AND TERMS OF PAYMENT ARE THE EASIEST OFFERED BY ANY IRRI GATION Company. Let us tell you more. Yonr letter will have Individual attention. Address Idaho Irrigation Co., Ltd. Richfield Idaho Aj, Famous Thompson Saddles Buy direct from the nia (N#£CTfflS9£Ej\ ker. 8pecial designs to or- G er * *° r complete, n aJW (Jj A Illustrated catalog. Br T| ft W. R. Thompson Co. 7 II /I Rifle Colorado hair r balsam A toilet preparation of merit. Help, to .relict. dandruff. For Restoring Color in] BMuty to Gray or Fodod Hair. Me. ood ,1.00 .t Dnnlfta, Problem. "There is one argument that In try ing to put down. It is useless to set our face against.” “What argument is that?" “Kissing.” Adding Fuel. "John, If I should die, would you marry again?" “I might, but not until I had had a good long rest.” —Houston Post. Foley Kidney Pills Succeed because they are a good honest med icine that cannot help but heal kid ney and bladder ailments and urinary irregularities, if they are once taken into the system. Try them now for positive and permanent help. W. N. U., DENVER, NO. 3fr-1913.