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Cheyenne record. (Cheyenne Wells, Cheyenne County, Colo.) 1913-19??, August 31, 1916, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89052329/1916-08-31/ed-1/seq-3/

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The HOME BEAUTIFUL
s aivd
tfpeirGare andCidfivatiorv.
To Have Beautiful Roeee Like Thle, Care Muet Be Taken of Them in Fall.
LATE SUMMER WORK NOTES
By E. VAN BENTHUYSEN.
Watch the tender greenhouse plants
that are in the open and take them up
before the last days of summer have
passed.
Have the pots ready for the bulbs
which must be taken up soon.
Insects will now begin to attack the
scarlet runner and other flowers of
that nature and they must be watched
carefully.
The dahlias, gladioli and other rank
growing plants are likely to be blown
down by the wind and should be
staked.
Unless chrysanthemums are shaded
during the hot month of August they
will be injured by the sun.
Drench the ground around the tea
roses, but do not spray the bushes.
Roses of all kinds should be thor
oughly manured with well-rotted cow
manure and mulched with lawn cut
tings and leaves.
Liquid manure should be applied
only when the ground is moist enough
to absorb It.
It is fatal to some plants to fertilize
them with rich manures when the
ground is vtry dry.
Never allow roses to remain on the
bush when the petals begin to fall.
All plants that are intended for win
ter bloomers should have the buds
pinched off now.
Pick pansies and nasturtiums every
day if you want to have plenty of
blooms.
When the lilacs have finished bloom
ing, all the seed clusters should be
cut away. If the seed is allowed to
develop on the lilac it generally has
few flowers in every other year.
The best way to kill weeds now is
to pull them lip by hand.
The retlbug and other enemies of the
rose, if not killed off last month should
be effectually removed now. An ex
cellent spray for rose hushes is mude
of one-half pound of laundry soap
malted in hot water to which is added
one cupful of kerosene. When this
pomes to a boil, use about one part to
fifteen parts of water.
Scrape up road dust and apply about
the roots of your plants during the hot
weather and keep the moisture in the
soil. Lawn clippings make an excel
lent mulch for the larger plants and
shrubs.
Save the grass clippings from the
lawn to serve ns a mulch for the bed
of ten roses. These plants like to have
the soil about their roots cool and
moist. Spread the grass over the bed
lo a depth ot two or three inches.
When it withers, work it into the soil
to act ns a fertilizer as it decays and
apply fresh clippings.
Cuttings from the geranium may be
made all through August in most cli
mates.
in a dry season don’t mow the lawn
ns often asJn a showery one. Regu
late the frequency of your mowing
by the appearance of the grass. Aim
to keep it looking green and velvety.
*3arly in August is a good time to sow
The Rustic Furniture Around This Home Would Have Added Beauty If the
House Had a Few Vines and the Trees Were Cared For—A Fins Ex
ample st How Not to Havs ths Homs Look.
mignonette for the window garden.
Sow in pots or boxes and water fre
quently, but not too often.
MONEY IN COTTAGE GARDENS
By LIMA R. ROSE.
When I lived in the country we used
to send scores of nosegays to market,
priced from five to ten cents. We
could not supply them fast enough,
and if people cared to grow common
flowers or pot plants and sell them
outside a railway station, for instance,
they could do well with them now.
Make your own leaf mold. When
sod is removed from the ground for
any purpose, shake out the fine soil
that adheres to it for future use, or
slice off the fine roots with a sharp
knife Just below the crown of the
grass.
This is known as fibrous loam and
in combination with leaf mold, old
manure and fine sharp sand makes the
very best potting soil.
Throw the top of the sods in a heap
in some out-of-the-way corner, and add
the raklngs of the yard in fall and
spring, all weeds pulled during the
summer, all refuse of vegetables, pota
to paring's, apple peelings, corn husks
and berry hulls, anything that is vege
table matter »»nd will decay.
All dishwater and slops that are not
needed on the garden should be thrown
on the pile, which should be turned oc
casionally during the winter.
By the following spring you will
have the finest kind of a leaf mold.
Not all the pile will have decayed,
but along the edges and underneath it
will be found ready for use.
Add to It every bit of available veg
etable matter duriug the year, includ
ing the annual flowers pulled up after,
their season of bloom. Add tops of
such root plants ns cannas, calndlums,
gladioli, and you will soon have a sup
ply quite adequate to the needs of the
ordinary garden.
Where there are waterworks the
hose may be turned on frequently to
hasten composition.
If It is impossible to replace all poor
soil in the garden with better, by the
addition of leaf mold and manure
much may be accomplished in the way
of building up and rendering it suit*
able.
USE FOR HOUSE SLOPS
Any house slops that are free from
grease or acids may be poured around
the roots of plants to their advantage,
pushing aside the mulch for this pur
pose and replacing when done.
Water the ground liberally, always
watering in the evening. Or, have a
rubbish corner in which to dump every
thing that will make plant food, and
pour the house slops—all kinds—on
it, forking It over occasionally, and let
ting it decay.
Add to the heap any sward from
the roadside, peelings and parings from
the kitchen.
jam CHgCTNNK EECOBD.
STATE CAPITOL
NEWS
Western Newspaper Union News Servidp:
MAKS GRACE CROSSINGS SA^E.
Railroad*' to Appear Before State
gt Hi ties Cdm Mission. '•
' The State Public Utilities
Commiasioii instituted an action
against the.JJonver & Interurban and
the Colbrado. & Southern railroads,
summoning them to appear before it
to show.cauße why both should not in
stall safety devices and signals on
their grade crossings between Den
ver and Boulder.
It is pointed out that since the first
of the year a dozen or more persons
have lost their lives on the grade
crossings in collisions between the
trains and automobiles, or buggies.
The investigation now ordered by
the Public Utilities Commission is
the direct result of the collision be
tween an automobile and a Denver &
Interurban inbound electric train on
the Federal boulevard crossing, when
Mrs. John Bonnell and Mrs. Ethel B.
Ellis, both of Tulsa, Okla., were in
stantly killed. Mrs. Bonnell’s son,
Thomas W. Bonnell, and J. W. Ellis,
whose wife was killed, have an
nounced their determination to sue
the railroad.
The Public Utilities Commission, ac
cording to Secretary George F. W.
Oxley, purposes to eliminate all dan
ger at railroad grade crossings and
to bring about the installation of the
proper protection signals. The rail
roads, however, will be given an op
portunity to present their side of the
case and to explain the responsibility
they consider rests upon the accident
victims themselves.
Heavy Showers Benefit Crops.
Last week’s weather and crop bul
letin says that during the week mod
erate to heavy showers occurred on
one or more days in all parts of the
state. In the southeastern counties,
where moisture was urgently needed,
heavy rains were general. Alfalfa
hay and grain in the shock were dam
aged by showers on the western slope
during the early part of the week and
In some eastern counties near the
close of the week. Sunshine was
ample in all sections. Ranges, corn
and alfalfa improved steadily. Po
tatoes are in good condition general
ly, except the early planted crop in
eastern counties. The harvesting of
oats and wheat continues in many
parts of the state and thrashing is in
progress in eastern counties. Fruit
is generally in satisfactory condition,
but the crop is reported to be light
in localities. A fine quality of El
berta peaches is being shipped from
the western slope. Melons and canta
loupes are in good condition and su
gar beets are excellent.
Big Sum in Nickels and Pennies.
The most enormous demand for
nickels and pennies ever known is
now deluging the United States treas
ury Department, and the mint in Den
ver is breaking all records for activity
in manufacturing those coins. The
mint is working day and night and
Sundays. There is every indication
that the rush will continue three
months. At present the Denver mint
is making only nickels and pennies.
Each day it turns out SIO,OOO In
nickels and $2,000 in pennies. These
coins are shipped east at intervals —
no one but the officials in charge of
the mint know when. If the present
activity is continued three months —
as Superintendent Thomas Annear
says undoubtedly it will —the Denver
mint will have coined $900,000 in
nickels and SIBO,OOO in pennies, a to
tal of $1,080,000 of these small coins.
This svould amount to 3G,000,000 in
dividual coins.
Auto Tourists Spend $9,000,000.
Figures compiled by T. J. Ehrhart,
state highway commissioner, show
that 25,000 automobiles from outside
the state*have visited Colorado this
summer. With an estimate of four
passengers to the car, the number of
automobile visitors is 100,000. Mr.
Elirhart declares the total amount of
money left in the state is upwards of
$2,000,000.
State Must O. K. Insurance Rates.
Attorney General Farrar in an
opinion given to the state industrial
commission, has ruled that where
employers are “self-insurers” under
the provisions of the state industrial
insurance law, they must carry their
insurance in companies the rates of
which have been approved by the
commission as adequate.
State Survey Committee to Report.
After two months of work the first
report of the State Survey Commit
tee will be made by Chairman Philip
B. Stewart of Colorado Springs.
Assert Trains Not Operated on Time.
Formal investigation is to be made
by the state public utilities commis
sion of complaints directed against
the Denver Rio Grande railroad in
reject to the operation of passenger
trains Nos. 15 and 16, the through
tiains, one leaving at 7:30 p. m. anJ
the other arriving in Denver at 7 a.
"•}. The hearing is set for September
6 at 10 o'clock. Complaints have
‘ een made to the commission that the
rains are not operated on “schedule
ime, to the ’discomfort of pas3enger3.
MERCY WORKERS
IN WAR DOING
GREAT SERVICES
All Countries Striving to Improve
Conditions Surrounding
Wounded.
WORK OF AMERICANS lAUDEO
Motor. Ambulance Service Does Inval
uable Work in Transporting Wound
ed Soldiers—French People
Touched by Volunteer
Work of Americans.
London. —To no one race In this war
belongs exclusively the work of mercy.
France, Russia, England, Germany
and Austria have each striven hard to
Improve the conditions surrounding
the wounded In their armies.
In the Ottoman Red Crescent, a Ma
hommedan equivalent of the Red
Cross, even the Turks have a corps of
mercy workers, to render aid to those
injured In battle. But not only the
belligerent nations are occupied in the
field of mercy toward fallen fighters.
America, with all the cheerful optim
ism which characterizes her people,
has worked vigorously to alleviate the
sufferings of the wounded soldiers In
France.
Distant Abyssinia, too, was one of
the first neutral countries to establish
a place of succor for the Injured near
the firing line. Indeed, the Anglo-
Ethiopian hospital at Frevent, pro
vided with funds supplied by the Abys
slan crown prince, did great service
early In the war. Japan, representing
the far East, also sent a wonderfully
equipped ambulance corps which has
since occupied the Hotel Astoria,
Paris. Dainty women and Intellectu
al men have given their time and their
services eagerly in the cause of hu
manity.
The ladies of the Russian court,
self-sacrificing in the extreme, have
been trained for hospital work in the
field. They have performed duties at
which men might shudder and they
have performed them well. So It Is In
France and England and in the other
countries, both in and out of the war.
That the majority of the workers have
been volunteers is to the credit of civ
ilization. Mercy, so often beaten un
der In the actual conflict of the bellig
erents, has survived gloriously among
those whose function has been to re
lieve, where possible, the victims of
shot and shell.
Automobile Great Help.
Like the aeroplane, the automobile
is a new departure, a very Important
one, in warfare. Since August, 1914,
it has played many parts. Armored
cars, transport lorries and other vehi
cles directly and indirectly contribut
ing to the success of the different arm
ies In the field, have established a
fresh reputation for the motor indus
try. But it is largely owing to the
motor ambulance that the noble work
of mercy has been possible.
So far ns Great Britain is concerned,
the motor ambulance service owes its
existence and its triumph to Lord
Derby’s brother, Hon. Arthur Stanley,
M. P., chairman of the British Red
Cross society, and also to the Royal
Automobile club. Soon after the out
break of war, in September, 1914, Mr.
Stanley, quick to see the possibilities
of the motor ambulance, was given a
permit to send one or two out to the
front by the late Lord Kitchener.
"The actual permit," said Mr. Stan
ley, "was In Lord Kitchener’s own
handwriting—on half a sheet of note
paper. It Is now one of the most
treasured possessions If not the most
treasured, in the archives of the Red
Cross society.
"One of the first things I did on re
ceiving the necessary permission,”
continued Mr. Stanley, "was to get to
gether half a dozen volunteer motor
ists, all members of the Royal Auto
mobile club, to drive the ambulance
cars which we were sending to France.
Our position was curious. The motor
ambulance was then practically an un
known quantity so far as actual war
fare went, and the military authori
ties stipulated that our drivers were
not to wear uniform, nor, under any
circumstances, to go near the firing
line. There was to be no Red Cross
on the cars. Truly, the mission of the
motor ambulance was to be extremely
limited. They were simply to go about
far behind the firing line and pick up
wounded men who could not be car
ried to the field hospitals; men, for
example, who had crawled for safety
into abandoned cottages and barns.
Proves Its Worth.
"With the possible exception of the
American a'mbulunce cars nt Neullly,
ours were the ft r st motor ambulances
used In France. But the value of a
rapid service for the transport of
wounded soldiers was quickly recog
nized, and now, of course, wherever
there fighting there are motor am
bulances.”
Here is a typical Instance, as told
by Mr. Stanley, how the motor ambu
lance proved Its worth In the early
days of the war:
one evening one of our arabu
lunces crept up close to the firing line.
They met an officer, who turned them
back ‘because,’ as he said, it Is so
dark. It Is no use going further.*
"They went oack to a farmhouse and
to bed. In the middle of the night
they were awakened by the same offl
PRISONERS BACK OF THE ENGLISH LINES
German prisoners taken in the first days of the battle of the Sounue und
held back of the English lines. The photograph shows the British trenches
and dugouts.
cer, who told them that a wounded
soldier, shot through both legs. was
lying almost In the German lines. It
was so dangerous a mission that the
officer wouldn’t order the ambulance
to go! He Just told them where the
man was, and left them to decide.
They went. They crawled, without
lights, along an unknown road In the
darkness; got almost within the Ger
man lines, where they found the man
and brought him back to safety. That
wounded soldier had lain there for
days and would most certainly have
died had he not been rescued that
night.
“In this modest and voluntary way
the motor ambulance came Into its
own without one penny of cost to the
government 1
“Today,’’ went on Mr. Stanley, “there
are about 1,000 motor ambulances and
cars at the French front alone. An
other 1,000 are scattered about with
the troops In Egypt, Mesopotamia, Sa
lonika Malta, East Africa, etc. We
have three ambulance convoys—each
one consisting of some sixty cars and
a radiographing convoy working In
Italy. We have a number of cars In
Petrograd and on the western Russian
front, while we recently sent a small
convoy as a present to Grand Duke
Nicholas In the Caucasus.”
These motors and ambulances hnve
been provided, and their upkeep main
tained, entirely by volunteer subscrip
tions.
“Up to the present,” said Mr. Stan
ley, “we have collected over $20,000,000
for the Red Cross and St John’s Am
bulance society. The money comes In
at the rate of about $5,000,000 every
six months. This shows the public
appreciation of the work. Our support
comes from all sections of society.”
“As an Instance of the diversity of
our work, It may be Interesting to note
that we arranged the other day to send
motor boats to Mesopotamia and
‘Charlie Chaplin’ films to Multa, this
latter for the amusement of the con
valescent soldiers!
“One of the outstanding features of
our organization has been the splendid
work done by the women.”
Mr. Stanley mentioned, by the way,
the excellent artificial limbs for
rnuimed soldiers produced by Amerl
nian manufacturers, both In the Unit
ed States and especially at a factory
established near London, where many
disabled men are themselves employed.
While the women of all nations at
war have been working courageously
In aid of tlielr men, American women
also have come out brilliantly In the
labor of mercy. At the commencement
of the war a group of American wom
en, nearly all married to Englishmen,
met together to consider how they
might best render assistance to the
soldiers of the king. The result was
the birth of the American Woman’s
War Relief fund, of which Lady Paget
became president, with Mrs. John As
tor ns vice-president, the ducb&ss of
Marlborough ns chairman and Lady
Lowther and- Mrs. Harcourt ns honor
ary secretary. Other women closely
identified with the work were Lady
Randolph Churchill, Mrs. Whltelaw
Reid and Hon. Mrs. John Ward.
Work of American Women.
The American Women’s War Relief
fund began by sending a motor ambu
lance out to the front. “Friends in
Boston” subscribed for another —It
was actually the seventh —which was
duly presented to the war office In
London. Down In Devonshire, at
Paighton, near Torquay, there Is an
American woman’s war hospital, where
thousands of wounded soldiers have
been nursed back to health. Not con
tented with these activities the Amer
ican women In question have opened
workrooms In various parts of the
British capital to enable girls thrown
out of work to learn other trades, and
so to become self-supporting. In spite
of the war.
Americans are busy helping In
France as well ns In England, and the
American Relief Clearing house. In
Paris, is also an Institution of very
considerable value and Importance. It
represents the American Red Cross,
and its distributing committee has al
ready apportioned more than 4.000.QQ0
parcels, from bales of cotton, clothes
—for men, women and children—shoes,
hospital accessories, surgical Instru
ments and countless other useful
things. No less than 2,000 hospitals
in France have been fitted from the
American Relief Clearing house, which
has Joseph H. Choate tor Its presi
dent.
Modeled somewhat on the lines of
the organization over which Mr. Stan
ley presides. Is the American Volnn
teer Motor Ambulance corps, yet an
other body of mercy-workers. In Sep
tember, 1914, Prof. Richard Norton of
Harvard university saw for himself
the plight of the wounded French sol
diers, who suffered additionally
through Inadequate means of trans
portation. Consequently, with the co
operation of some of his friends, he
started the American Volunteer Am
bulance corps, which quickly widened
Its field from two cars to seventy-five.
Originally composed of American and
British members, the corps has, while
always working in conjunction with
the French array, been placed under
the British Red Cross —owing to ques
tions of American neutrality.
The volunteers of the American Mo
tor Ambulance corps have given their
time and their services uncomplaining
ly to the attainment of an excellent
object. Under the chairmanship of
the late Henry James, the novelist,
who directed matters from London,
many young college graduates freely
entered the corps to work strenuously,
without pay or preferment. Professor
Norton, Rldgely Carter, Sir John Wolfe
Berry, Jordan L. Nott. John Dixon
Morrison and many other well-known
men are members of the London coun
cil. Mr. Norton and several of the
men have been awarded the Croix de
Guerre and the Croix d’Armee, the for
mer ranking high in the honors of war
ring and republican France. Work
ing close up to the firing line, the
American Motor Ambulance men have
brought relief to many thousands of
wounded and sick soldiers. Some
times dashing about In country ex
posed to German artillery fire, the cars
have not Infrequently come through
a hail of bursting shells, but, so far,
without the loss of a single life. The
ouly member of the corps to die is A.
D. Loney who, while returning from a
brief visit to America, was drowned
in the sinking of the Lusitania.
The American Motor Ambulance
corps has been “mentioned” for its
discipline ns well as for the high stand
ard of Its members generally. Lieut.
Col. Leonard Robinson, In the follow
ing words narrates In a report to Mr.
Stanley, some experiences he has had
with the American volunteers: “Im
mediately after our return from Lizy
sur-Ourcq,” states the colonel, “we
called from the Service de Sunte for an
ambulance to proceed to Couloinlers to
bring back General Snow, who had
been seriously Injured. Starting with
an ambulance and n pilot car, and ac
companied by Dr. du Bouchet and Sur
geon Major Langle of the French army,
we left Paris at about 5 p. qp., reach
ing Coulomiers toward 8 p. ra. The
town had been but recently evneuated
by the enemy, and, as the general was
not In a condition to be moved, we
spent the night there. The following
morning an early start was made and
General Snow was brought safely to
Neullly, where he remained for sev
eral weeks.
“With the trip to Coulomiers the pe
riod during which the service made
expeditions to the front for the pur
pose of bringing wounded back to the
entrenched cainp—Paris—came to a
close and a new phase of duty was en
tered upon.
“While the ambulance was absent at
Llzy-sur-Ourcq, a call came from the
British authorities, asking that ambu
lances be sent to their clearing station
at Villeneuve-Triage to bring wound
ed, taken from their sanitary trains,
to Paris. No ambulance being avail
able at the time, an emergency column
of touring cars, headed by Doctor Dav
enport, was sent out, bringing in a
number of cases and Inaugurating a
service which occupied all our time
for several weeks.
“The American Volunteer Motor Am
bulance corps has certainly done Im
mense service In creating a very fa
vorable impression on the people of
France, people, beyond all others,
capable of appreciating kindness and
sympathy. But it has not been alone
in this respect. The American Ambu
lance at Neullly, known before the war
as the American hospital, has also ac
quired the reputation of performing
miracles for the wounded.”
“I have visited most of the war hos
pitals in Frnnce,” said a society
an who has gone through the war ias
a brancardiere of the French Red
Cross, “and 1 have never seen such
wonderful work—many of the cases
are simply terrible, worse than any
where else —as that performed at the
American Ambulance. Neullly. There
they treat dally the most critical surgi
cal cases. Some of the wounded men
—poor fellows— seem almost Wowg
away, so little remains for treatrapet.*

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