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Crimes and Mysteries by Walt Mason cuMMohr I w»wm> mmictm I THE BCHOLAR AND THE SKULL. Sarah Maxwell’s only claim to a deathless renown rests upon the fact that a great man brought her to her doom, and so the details of her life story are meager, bat a few facts have survived. At the beginning of the seventeenth century she was a maid servant In the home of a wealthy citizen of Hunting donshire. She was unusually good looking, and had some education—a rare thing for a handmaiden In those days—and was generally above her station. In the employ of the same family there was a middle-aged man named Armstrong. He was rather un couth, with a huge shock of sorrel hair, and little mere Is known of him, except that he was a great fa vorite with his master. • Armstrong saved his money a penny at a time, and as he approached the sere and yel low leaf he found he hafmoney enough to buy an inn that was for sale. He and Sarah were married,' and took possession of the Inn. It Is reasonable to suppose that the Influence of the master was brought to bear to effect this marriage of the servants, for It doesn't seem prob able that Sarah would have chosen as her husband a loutish man more than twice her age. However that may be, the two settled down In their caravan sary, and Sarah was greatly respected and admired. Many young men made "it's a Curious 8kull; See How a Hugs Nail Has Boo* Driven Into It” eyes at the handsome wife, but they had to keep their distance. Then one morning Mrs. Armstrong calmly In formed the neighbors that her hus band had died during the night. Be had drunk himself into a stupor before retiring, she said, and died from the effects of his debauch. That seemed strange to some of the neighbors, for Armstrong was known as an unusually temperate man. There doubtless was some malicious gossip, but the husband was burled In the crowded churchyard. Before he bad been there, among the rude forefathers of the hamlet, for 24 lours, the widow had married a young nan named Maxwell. Then there was more talk—enough to fasten the events In the memories of the Inhabitants, for future use. Sarah and her new husband conduct ed the Inn for many years. Sarah be came the mother of several admirable children, and was In every way an ex cellent matron. As she wpxed older she became devout and was free with precept and admonition. Every Sun day she might have been seen in the church, and the eloquence of the new preacher often moved her to tears. Bis eyes often were upon her as he talked, for a good listener Is a great help to a clergyman, and this motherly woman seemed so Intelligent and appreciative that It waa a pleasure to talk to her. The new preacher was/ Dr. John Donne, one of the truly great men of his time. Be had accepted a giving” In Buntlngdonshlre' and’ occasionally preached there, although most of his time was spent In London. Be was a great preajSier, and the most beautiful man In feigland. Beautiful l» the wordthe WM Wilteis ssr ari lam mm 1 face of an angel. Izaak Walton wrote an enthusiastic tribute to him, saying that “!>e carried his hearers to heaven In n i—lonture; he pictured vice so ] that we" Hutted It/snd virtue so that we wjvV i, many learned* men offfie'perioSheld , that-ba wtl jiUbovt ii Ben Jon* sa^satssirw.s iiir' for nof ■befiig' understood,”. wUCh prophecy-hi#«»» true. Drydeu said lie vu thopreetest jrit of the potion. ■mrnik an impaisUrttman, cdu arW t&SIStSiSSiJBUi . twiptQODl n& again morbid. Be wrote m«ch about the . mystery , of.| death, and .that subject. Interested -Umtosucb a degfcfe. that he haunted graveyards. One day he stood In the graveyard .surrounding Un church and watchpd the weary sexton 'at wort. It was an old, old cemetery, and every time a grave' was dug bones were thrown up. Poor people burled there could not count upon undisturbed re pose. In a few years at most they would have to make way for others. Presently, as the sexton wielded Us shovel, he threw out a skull, and the preacher picked It up, and doubtless moralized upon the vanity of human life. As he turned It around In Us hands, Us fingers encountered a pro jection. It was the head of a nail. Examination showed that the nail had been driven through the skull, and It still protruded Into the Inner cavity two or three Inches. The reverend doctor realized at once that a horrid crime had been commit ted. He questioned the sexton as to whose grave had been disturbed, but the sexton didn’t know. Be had offi ciated only a few years. Perhaps Us predecessor might remember. The predecessor was a wUte and wintry gaffer who lived at some distance. Donne hunted him up, and took Urn to the graveyard. The old, man’s wits were feeble, but his memory for all tUngs connected with dead men’s bones was accurate. He at once an nounced that the grave had been occu pied by Armstrong, the Innkeeper. Doctor Donne Inquired about the vil lage concerning the death of Arm strong, and the oldest Inhabitants re called the wife’s queer story, and her remarkable haste to get married again. There was reason for suspicion, at least; but the good doctor found It almost impossible to believe that the fine, devout woman who listened to his sermons so closely could be guilty of an atrocious crime. If ever a calm, untroubled face spoke of a clear con science, the face belonged to that woman. But he felt It his duty to set Us doubts at rest. If she was guilty, the law must have Its due; If Innocent, she should be vindicated. So one day he called at the inn with a small pack age In his hand. The good wife was overwhelmed with pleasure and pride. She took him Into the best room, and while her back was turned he opened his parcel and placed the skull upon a table. When she turned around she saw It and her face became ghastly. “It’s a curious skull," said Donne, taking it up; “see how a huge nail has been driven Into It." And he looked into her eyes as though he would read her soul. She sank to a seat weeping and meaning, and then, while the gentle pastor held her hands she told how she slew her husband. She was convicted and sentenced to death, and during the brief Interval between her trial and execution the man who had been her Nemesis proved her comforter and consoler. He was with her almost constantly through those trying hours, and to such good effect that she went out of the world hopefully, with a smile on her lips. Celluloid. Celluloid is made from cellulose, which Is the chief ingredient In the solid part of many common plants, In cluding the cotton plant. The con version of cellulose Into celluloid in volves a series of chemical processes which could not conveniently be de-„ scribed' here. When finished celluloid is tough, rivaling ivory In elasticity, and can be baslly. molded dr carved Into various shapes. Every stage of the process requires technical knowl edge and skill. Celluloid was first made more than- 50 years ago by an •SfiMkvSadnixaane Parka, and was called parkulne. Then It was called xylonite, but both of these names finve been supplanted'by cellu loid. ; RBcofeix f PROTECTION OF STOCK -• . .. ! Effectual Lightning Arrest oron Fence. ~ ; M ... Effect!** Safety Device May B* Mad* By U«na Ordinary. Fdt>o|a Wir£— . Qround Wlra# About •' ’* Ro&s Apart. " f * J, BBtDomtAjfj) An astonishing number of stock are killed each season by. lightning, and not a few human beings, and In almost every case the dead stock Is found near a wire fence. There Is no doubt but that a large portion of this stock and. human life fcould be saved by grounding the wires of the fence, but as this calls for a large-sized, rather expensive wire or Iron rod, it Is seldom done. An effective safety device may be easily constructed as follows: Any or dinary smooth fence wire may be driven four or live feet deep In the hardest soli—at either depth the wire Is sure to be In damp, wet soli at all seasons of the year. Two Iby 12-lnch boards, four or five feet long, are shaped like a flight of steep steps (as shown In the accompanying Illustra tion). The step-shaped notches should be about six Inches In height and one and one-half Inches deep; In the top cen ter of each step a small groove Is cut (as shown by the darts leading to B). These should be one-fourth Inch wide and about one-eighth of an Inch deep so that when the two pieces are fas tened together each step has a one fourth-inch hole its entire length. The grooves should be as smooth and straight as possible, but can be cut with an ordinary pocketknlfe it no other tool Is at hand. Fasten the lower ends of the boards together with a small bolt (as shown in the left-hand figure); hold the top together with the left hand, set the device where wanted and drop the Lightning Arreitor. wire in the top hole; drive down to the wood, lift the device and place the wire in the and so on un til the last hole is reached. In this manner a very small wire may be driven in the ground without bending, and only six inches of same is above the wood at one time. Splice the ground wire and connect same to each wire of the fence and you will have a first-class lightning arrestor. The distance apart these ground wires should be placed is a question— the writer places them every eight or ten rods. OVERCOMING GARLIC IN MILK No Practical Method for Use on Dairy Farms—Keep Cowe Off Garlicky Pastures Is Best What is the best way .to remove the garlic taste in milk? This ques tion has been asked. Though large milk establishments have mechanical processes for taking odors out of milk and cream by means of an air blast, there is no practical method for use on dairy farms. An aerator would perhaps be of some slight advantage, but pre vention is the best cure. Keeping the cows off garlicky pastures several hours before milking is the most ef fective means of overcoming the trou ble. One of the best ways to kill wild garlic in pastures is to turn in sheep. They like the tops, and in a few years the garlic will disappear. PROTECT FOWLS FROM MITES Suffering Birds Cannot Do Well When Infected With Vermin—Use Ointment and Powder. Lice and mites must be kept down, for suffering fowls and chicks cannot do well. Therefore, use plenty of mlte-kllllng liquid and plenty of Ilce-kilUng oint ment and powder and In that way pro tect your fowls and your profit INSPECTION OF PEACH TREES October la Good Month for Getting After Borers—Paint the Wound With White Lead. October ia a good month for worm ing the peach trees. Go over them carefully and got out the borets, paint the wounds with white lead and draw the dirt a why from the roots so the weather may hare a chance at the borers that'were overlooked. COMPLETE RECORD OF FOWLS Numbered Lag Band*. Enable* Owner to Tell Now Many Egg. Each liHUvldOSt'Mnl*rMot**.''~' Numbered leg bands pa the lege of lb* towto win make to keep a complete record ofthe eggs they lay, the kind of chickeu 4iey produce, etc. These band:* can bAsemed from poul try sundr null SATISFACTORY BIN FOR FEED 'lf Cowr Is Ahugly and Carefully Ftt«' ■ i', tod Contents Are Scour* From- Duot and Mlee. "A handy,and satisfactory .Mn ’ for Hour <fffeed of au kind can be made' from a barrel, a rew board* and a piece Of 2 by 4— aa Illustrated here ‘ Thy style'and size of barrel' used will depend-’ largely upon the space .Where'tire-bln Is'to be placed, writes Revolving Feed Bln. H. P. Oerber In Dakota Farmer. When not in use this bln can be pushed out of the way with a little pressure. If the cover Is carefully fitted, the con tents of the bln are secure from dust and mice. A similar but smaller bln can be made'by using a candy pail Instead of a barrel or keg. PINK EYE QUITE INFECTIOUS Disease Travels Through Herd of Cat tle Rapidly, Apparently Irre spective of Age. (By W. p. SHULER, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma A. and M. College, Stillwater.) The true cause of pink eye In cattle Is. unknown. Its Infectiousness cannot be doubted. It travels through a herd rapidly, apparently Irrespective of the age of the animals. The disease runs Its course In eight or twelve days and' may result In a satisfactory recovery or the animal may be partially or to tally blind In one or both eyes as a result of the attack. Apparently ani mals do not become Immune to this disease. It Is manifest by a watery appearance of the eye, which later be comes more or less prurient and the eyelids become gummed together. This attracts flies and Is a very unsightly thing, as well as a torture to the af fected animal. The treatment should be as follows: Segregate the affected animals by putting them If possible In a shady pen. Keep an abundant Bupply of pure, cool drinking water before them, and treat the eyes twice a day as fol lows: First wash off the lids and eye lashes with warm water and castile soap, then open the eye by catching up the upper lid with the thumb and first finger and rolling It back over the second finger. By means of a medicine dropper or cotton swab, wash the eye out with the following solution: Pyoktanln ten grains, boric add four drams, lead acetate one dram, water suffldent to make eight ounces. ATTACHMENT FOR HAY RAKE Metal Plate Prevents Fine Hay From Working Out Between End Tooth and the Wheel. The attachment shown here pre vents fine hay from working out be tween the end tooth and the wheel. It consists merely of a metal plate Hay Rake. riveted to the flat, extra heavy, end tooth. This device Is useful for rak ing the fine short second growth hay. —Wisconsin Agriculturist TURNIPS REQUIRE RICH SOIL Vegetable Grows Beet on Freshly Broken Land—May Be Bown After Some Other Crop. Turnips require a rich soil, and grow best on freshly broken land. They ruay be sown broadcast after some other crop has been removed. They should grow rapidly In rich, sandy soil free from fresh manure. About one ounce of seed will be Required for 150 feet of drill, and two pounds to the acre. If In drills. EXHIBIT CHICKENS AT FAIRS farmer May Not Win Prize, but Hr Will Learn Much About Poultry and Secret of Winning. Pit* eat some of your best purebred individuals and take them to your state and county fairs. .Zoo may ju>t wid af thing, -but y*u will learn a lot about poultry and perhapd 6e uSle to discover the secret of winning, so that your poultry win bo la the blue-rib bon class next year. - » STATE CAPITOL NEWS We«rt«rn NtoWapoper:. tTfekoa Wtrrjr ■**!£», BULGER AGAIN RBPWkVtO. ■ ■ Pardon * Ada ? Study Mont*l Condltlof•; . Denver —" CoL • Jemes.C.r BuliW; who filled ftoyd F. Jflcodemu*!* th»' Savoy hotel on May 6,1914, kdd'ha* been tried twioe. , sentenced. to die once and had execution of that sen tence delayed by the Supreme Court several times, tor one legal reason and another, is to have another chance for his life. - ' The Board of Pardoris, after hear ing arguments of Bulger’s'counsel for a commutation of sentence on the ground that Bulger is now suffering from paranoia, decided that the gov ernor should appoint a special hlien- Ist to “study Bulger’s mentfil condi tion” and report to the board later. And the board further decided that, pending this report, execution of the sentence of death on Bulgar shall be postponed, and no further steps will be taken by the board in the matter and no additional arguments heard until this report of the special alien ist is received by the governor and communicated to the board. Eleven other cases were heard by the board. Commutation of sentence was denied in eight of them and granted in one, while the hearing of the other two cases was continued until the next meeting of the board, which probably will be in November. Those denied commutations, and the charges upon which they were convicted were John Cox, three mur der charges; Mike Svilar, murder; Elberto Trijo, murder; Frank Butts, murder; Luther W. Lee, forgery- Jose Luchuga, statutory offense; Harry Newell, robbery with a gun, and A. Sorbin, burglary and larceny. Thomas Clark, who was sentenced to serve from four to seven years for cattle stealing, was given his free dom. He had only a few months to serve. The case of Frank Goodrich, charged with a minor offense, was continued, as was also the case of Geritt Van ,Wyck, accused of murder. Van Wyck’s case has attracted wide-spread attention. He was sen tenced to life imprisonment in 190 G Tor the murder of his sister-in-law, Miss Gerritje Haast. He had two trials. In the first he and his wife were found guilty jointly, but in the second trial his wife was acquitted. Epidemic Alarms Guardsmen. Military authorities at the state mobilization grounds are alarmed by an epidemic of glanders among the cavalry horses. All mounted drill has been suspended through fear that the disease might spread through the camp and that the soldiers might be- 1 come infected. Eight horses and one mule have been shot, and rigid exam ination by guard officers and state 1 veterinarians is being made of all 1 other horses on the grounds. The disease was first observed at the rifle range about two weeks ago. 1 1 Stoves and Overcoats Distributed. Preparations for the winter. werb begun last week at the state mobil ization grounds at Golden. Many of the guardsmen had complained of the cold in the mornings and evenings and had not been provided with sweaters or overcoats. Many, however, were given both sweaters and overcoats, and those who were not so equipped will be taken care of within a few dayd. Nearly 300 camp stoves, one Tor each tent, were distributed among the various units. To Inspect Railroad Bignals. Through the efforts of the Slate Public Utilities Commission the Den ver and Rio Grande railroad has been induced to appoint a signal super visor whose duty it is to inspect warn ing signals, to see they are in wont ing order and in good repair. The commission found, after an investi gation, that the wig-wags at cross! .gs were not being kept in good repair Cripple Creek Hearing Postponed. Owing to press of business and the inability of the engineering depart ment to complete an inventory and ap praisement of the utility’s property, hearing of the action for more ade quate service, brought' by citizens of Aspen against the Castle Creek Water Company, which supplies that town ‘ with water, has been postponed from Sept. 20 to Oct. 6. * Students Ordered Released. Military authorities at the state mobilization camp at the Rifle Range near Golden, have received from the War Department orders to release from service all members of Company A of the engineer corps and Battery A of artillery. * Get Acquainted Excursion Sept. 24. Denver merchants will make the fertile San Luis valley objective point of a trade-making and get-acquainted excursion under the auspices of the Civic Association Sunday, Sept. 24. The points at which stops will be made include Creedji and all points to and including Del Norte, Monte Vista, Center. Alamosa, Mosca Hooper, Mof ’at. Villa Grove/ La ‘ Jeta, Sanford, danassa, Romeo and Antonita. The -rain will leave Alamosa for the re .urn trip to Denver Sept. 27. assfftes mwsßßTouttfrr. MAqVRONI &W. ■:****s**•»** - [SnetMFCiCQ. OMAHA. ULSA IMSg starch t*«>wE* ta favor heicanw ft Does Not Stick to the Iron vaaft it wQi iot injura tlw finvat fabric. For it >aa lt ta PPIAMCE STAKCH CO- Omaba, Netcaafca WANTED2r£*~‘„ir°.Si oKaiTSijrsss MitoDiutlouiettlM to Hi non mile* and powor from gaftollM. dlatlflata. benzine and keroaono. Itiuib CUUIUL CO.. Mae* Mag.. Lee Inin. OdK Briber PATENTS riSSH NEW FOOTWEAR FOR iARMY Improved Shoe Model Will Bo Hob nailed for Service In Mexico. The war department appointed a shoe commission in 1912 to design a model embodying the best points of all the army shoes, surpassing them, if possible. The shoe which was adopted was of good materials, well made on a rational last designed by the department. The Interior is per fectly smooth, with heel broad and low and sole moderately thick. The arch is flexible and without metal shank or other stiffening. Eyelets are used rather than hooks. The shoe reaches but little above the ankle; it is wide across the ball of the foot and has a high toe cap.* It is confortable, neut looking, light in weight and easily re* moved or put on. As soon as the soldiers wear out the shoes of the type which they are now using on the border they will be refit ted with the new type which the gov ernment has ordered, says a writer in tlie Outlook. The newest shoe is hob nailed and weighs three pounds seven ounces. It has been adopted for Mexi can service because the present type has not worn well in mountain climb ing and hus been readily cut up by the raalpals rock in Mexico. The shoe is similar to that in use In the Italian o rmy. Whether this model will be perma nently adopted Is open to considerable doubt. The weight of the shoes and the stiffness of the leather used de tract from the comfort of it. It has some disadvantages, therefore, bnt the severe usage in Mexico made It desir able to give this type a thorough try out in regular service. - Opportunity. The train was passing through a prohibition state, and the hardware drummer had forgotten to provide himself with a flask. When the train stopped at a little station he got out and asked a native on the depot plat form If there was any place in town where he could get a drink. “You’re just a day too late, stran ger,” he replied sadly. “The sheriff raided every place In town last night and confiscated all the booze They’re tirin’ the fellers that sold it up to the courthouse right now.” “Lead me to that courthouse,” com manded the drummer, pressing a coin into the native’s hand. “They might want an expert up there to sample that stuff and tell ’em what It really Is.” Edwin Woodriug, hermit of Allen town, Pa., predicts speedy downfall of Turkey. The chap who courts more than one girl at a time is courting trouble. ''Slctffee n>- don’t agree Qt use Mmm I I I ipiFTlieres I in Reason*' J 7 | 9«d>MJSA.