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OF WORK DONE BY CONGRESS Session Remarkable, of Course, for Its Action on War Measures. 1 LITTLE FRICTION NOTICED Members, as a General Thing, Were Harmonious—Administration Suc cessful in Most Legislation It Wanted Adopted. Washington.—“ The most remarkable session in the parliamentary history of the world,” was the way Demo cratic and Republican leaders charac terized the first war session of the Sixty-fifth congress, which came to a close at three o’clock In the afternoon of October 6, exactly six months after the declaration of war against Ger many. The record of legislation enacted and money appropriated has no paral lel anywhere in the annals of all time. Beginning with the declaration of war against Germany In April, con gress has passed bill after bill of the most revolutionary character, includ ing such measures as the draft bill and the food control bill. Appropria tions and contract authorizations for the present fiscal year, totalling $21,- 390,000,000, including $7,000,000,000 In loans to the allies, were voted with out a single dissenting voice, a record equalled nowhere, not even In the kaiser-dominated German relchstag. How Money Is Expended. The following table shows how the money is to be spent: Army 18,911,000.000 Navy 1,*75,000,000 Merchant shipping fleet 1.889,000,000 Loans to the allies 7,000,000,000 Defense fund for— President 100,000,000 Food and fuel control 173,000,000 Soldiers' and sailors' Insurance 176,000,000 Interest on bonds and certifi cates 200,000.000 Civil establishment of govern ment 958,000,000 All other expenses 102,000,000 As a part of the scheme of meeting these enormous expenditures congress passed the $2,535,000,000 war revenue bill, the largest' taxation bill in Amer ican history, levying directly or In directly upon every man. women and child in the United States. Something more than a billion dollars of this amount will be taken from war profits. All incomes more than SI,OOO for sin gle men and more than $2,000 for mar ried men are made subject to taxation. Where New Taxes Fall. Here are some things upon which the average citizen will pay taxes un der the new war tax bill: Approximately 2 per cent increase on incomes of $5,000 or less. Letter postage, except local letters, increased to 3 cents and postcards to 2 cents, beginning November 3. One cent for each 10 cents paid for admissions to amusements. Five-cent shows and 10-cent outdoor amusement parks exempted. Ten per cent on all club dues of sl2 a year or more. One cent for each 25 cents paid for parcel post. One cent on each 25 cents express package charge. Three per cent of all freight charges. Eight per cent of passenger fares by rail or water, except trips of less than 30 miles. Ten per cent of charges for seats, berth and staterooms on parlor cars or vessels. Five cents on each telegraph, tele phone or radio message costing 15 cents or more. Three per cent on jewelry. Eight cents bn each SIOO of life in surance. The tax on whisky is in creased from sl.lO a gallon to $3.20. The tax on beer is increased from $1 a barrel to $2.75. Increased tax on cigars, cigarettes and manufactured tobacco and snuff. Little Dissension During Session. Despite pacifist activities, the ses sion was marked with comparatively little dissension, the fighting centering about questions mainly affecting pol icy. The most stubborn contests wer« staged over the revenue bill, the draft bill and the food control bill. In ev ery case, except censorship of the newspapers and speech, the adminis tration has received everything it askel of congress for the conduct of the war. Congress was in session 188 days. During that time more than 10,000 array, navy and marine corps nomina tions sent to the senate were con firmed, among them the advancement of Major General Pershing, comman der In chief of the armies in France, and Major General Bliss, chief of stafT, to the rank of full general, held only four times previously in American his MOVE TO AID WAR CAPTIVES Governments of Groat Britain and Ger many by Agreement Will Beek to Ameliorate Conditions. Washington.—Details of an agree ment between the British and German governments concerning combatant and civilian prisoners of war. which If kept by the Teuton officials delegated to carry it out wjll greatly ameliorate the condition of the wretched captives held In Germany, are made public la a torjr. The only Important appointment held up was that of Got. Carl Reith maun, to be a brigadier generaL Ac tion was blocked until the December session because It was charged he ut tered pro-German sentiments. An unprecedented feature of the session was the reception of the spe cial missions sent to the United States by the allied governments, and the special representatives of Great Brit ain. France, Belgium. Italy, Russia and Japan addressed both houses. Invi tations of the British and Trench gov ernments to have the United States send a congressional mission across the Atlantic to see war conditions and co-operate with the Interparliamentary congress were rejected. Important Measures Passed. Following Is a list of the .most im portant measures passed by congress: Resolution declaring a state of war exists between the imperial German government and the government and the people of the United States and making provision to prosecute the same. On April 2 the resolution for war against Germany was introduced in the house and on April 6, or four days after the assembling of congress, the president attached his signature to the measure. No delay was involved in the passage of this resolution, perhaps the most important ever offered either In this or any other congress. General deficiency appropriation act, appropriating $163,841,400.52, of which $100,000,000 was for the national se curity and defense and for each and every purpose connected with the war. Act authorizing an Issue of bonds to meet expenditures for the national se curity and defense and for the pur post of assisting in the prosecution of the war and to extend credit to for eign governments and for other pur poses. This act appropriated $3,007,- 063,945.46 for establishing credits in the United States for foreign govern ments by purchase of bonds of our al lies and expenses incident to prepara tion and Issue of bonds and certifi cates; authorizes the issue of bonds amounting to $5,063,945,460, of which $3,000,000,000 is for meeting the loans authorized to foreign governments, $2,000,000,000 to meet domestic ex penditures, and $63,945,460 to redeem the three per cent loan and also au thorizes $2,000,000,000 of one year cer tificates of ap indebtedness tempo rarily to provide revenue. Huge Military Expansion. Act authorizing one additional mid shipman for each senator, representa tive and delegate In congress. Act appropriating $273,046,332.50 for the support of the army for the fiscal year 1918. Act authorizing the president to in crease temporarily the military estab lishment of the United States. This act' authorized a selective draft of 1,00,000,000 men and contains other im portant legislative features pertain ing to the army. Resolution authorizing the president to take over for the United States any vessel owned in whole or in part by any corporation, citizen or subject of any nation with which the United States may be at war. Act to Increase temporarily the com missioned and warrant and enlisted strength of the navy and Marine corps from 87,000 to 150,000 men, in the first instance, and from 17,400 to 30,- 000, in the second. Act appropriating $1,844,896.18 for the support of the military academy for the fiscal year 1918 and for other purposes. Largest Single Grant In History. Act to amend an act entitled “An Act to Regulate Commerce,” as amend ed, in respedt of car service, and for other purposes. Act amending the war risk insur ance act and appropriating $45,150,000 to insure vessels and their cargoes and expenses connected therewith. Act appropriating $147,363,028.77 for the sundry civil expenses of the gov ernment for the fiscal year 1918. Act authorizing the issue to states and territories and the District of Co lumbia of rifles and other property for the equipment of organization of home guards. Act appropriating $3,281,094,541.60 for the military and naval establish ments on account of the war expenses. Up to time this was the largest ap propriation act known to this or any other country. Among other things it appropriated for an emer gency shipping fund with which to be gin construction of the greatest mer chant fleet the world has ever known. Act to punish acts of Interference with foreign relations, the neutrality and the foreign commerce of the Unit ed States, to punish espionage and better enforce the criminal laws of the United States. Conservation Bills Passed. Act authorizing condemnation pro ceedings of lands for military pur poses. Act appropriating $640,000,000 to In crease temporarily the signal corps of the army and to purchase, manufac ture, maintain, repair and operate air ships. Act authorizing the United States to take possession of a site for use for white paper Issued by Great Britain. The paper Is of Interest to Americans, Inasmuch as It almost certainly will form the basis of a similar agreement between the United States and Ger many. The conference at whtch the agreement was reached was held at The Hague. An arrangement was made whereby the Netherlands government undertook to care for 16,000 British and German combatant or civilian prisoners of war. the respective governments of these nationals to refund all coats of Intern THE CHEYENNE RECORD. MOST IMPORTANT MEASURES PASSED Hm are tha meat Important maaauraa paaaad by congress at tha apaelal war aaaalon: Declaration of war agalnat Germany on April 6. War bend laauaa aggregating $15,538,000,000. War approprlatlone and con tract authorlxatlone totalling $14,390,000,000. War leana aggregating %tr 000,000,000 to the allies. Tha aalactlva draft bill, mak ing 10,000,000 men liable to mili tary service. Tha aaplonage bill, Including the embargo provision. The $2,235,000,000 war reve nue bill. The food control bill. The trading with the enemy act. The soldiers' and tailors’ in surance bill. permanent aviation stations of the ar my and navy for school purposes. Acts enlarging the membership of the interstate commerce commission and amending the act to regulate com merce by authorizing priority ship ments by any common carrier, ect. Act appropriating $11,846,000 to pro vide further for the national security and defence by stimulating agricul ture and facilitating the distribution of agricultural products. Act appropriating $162,500,000 to provide further for the national secur ity and defence by encouraging the production, conserving the supply and controlling the distribution of food products and fuel. Act to authorize an additional issue of bonds to meet expenditures for the national security and defense and, for the purpose of authorizing in the prosecution of the war, to extend ad ditional credit to foreign governments, and for other purposes. This act makes an additional appropriation of $4,021,- 377,800.92 to extend credit in the Unit ed States for foreign governments by purchase of bonds of our allies and ex penses Incident to preparation of an issue of bonds and certificates; au thorizes an additional issue of $4,000,- 000,000 of bonds to meet loans to for eign governments; authorizes an addi tional issue of one year certificates of Indebtedness amounting to $2,000,000,- 000 and an issue of five year war sav ing certificates amounting to $2,000,- 000,000. New Mark Again Bet. Act appropriating $5,356,666,016.03 to supply deficiencies in appropriations for the fiscal year 1918 and prior years on account of war expenses and for other purposes, and authorizes con tract obligations to be met by future congresses amounting to $2,401,458,- 393.50. This Is the largest appropria tion act passed by this or any other country. This act makes further ap propriations of $635,000,000 for the emergency shipping fund and raises the limit of cost to carry out the pur poses of the shipping act to $1,734,- 000,000. Act to define, regulate and punish trading with the enemy and for other purposes, and appropriates $450,000 to enforce the provisions thereof. Act to provide revenue to defray war expenses. This measure provides ap proximately $2,500,000,000 of revenue with which to pay the expenses of the government. Act to provide a military and naval family allowance, compensation and insurance fund for the benefit of sol diers and sailors and their families, and makes an appropriation therefor of $176,250,000. 50,000 BELGIAN HOUSES GONE Germans* Record of Destruction Is Shown by New Gray Book Is sued by Government. Havre, Oct. B.—The Belgium govern ment has issued a gray book to refute allegations against Belgium civilians contained In the German white book of May. 19:15' in which it was said Belgian civilians savagely attacked German troops In the early days of the war and that the measures adopted by the Germans were necessary in the In terest of preservation of the German army. According to the gray book, be tween 40,000 and 60,000 houses were destroyed by the Germans. JACKIE KILLS FRIEND; IS HELD Queenstown Magistrate Says Fatal Blow Constitutes Manslaughter— To Get Ball. London, Oct. B.—Machinists Mate Perente of an American naval will be liberated on ball on a charge of manslaughter In connection with the death of a dock yard laborer named Plummer, who died from the effect of a blow on the jaw Inflicted by the sailor on September 8. He was held by a Queenstown magistrate. Perente pleaded not guilty and added: “I did not mean to injure my friend/* ment and to furnish materials neces sary for the construction and upkeep of ( the camps, for medical attention, and for the victualing and clothing of the interned. Among the provisions of the agree ment Is one whereby the British gov ernment will permit the German medi cal personnel originally belonging to the German garrison at Tsing-tao, China, and now In the United States, to return to Germany by sea if they are permitted by the American govem ment to do so. REGULATIONS FOR TRADING WITH ENEMY NEW ACT PUT INTO EFFECT AS WAR MOVE BY PRESIDENT’S PROCLAMATION. Authority for Enforcement Is Delegat ed to Several Government De partment! and to the War Trade Boarda. Western Newspaper Union News Bervlce. Washington.—President Wilson Monday issued the regulations for the trading with the enemy act. They constitute the most far-reaching con trol of every phase of intercourse be tween the United States and the rest of the world. They give legal force to every move of the United States in casting about Germany an economic barrier which will compel her into submission. Not only do the new regulations provide for cutting off trade between the United States and Germany, but they do the following: Cut off trade with Germany’s al lies. Cut off trade with those who do trade with either Germany or her al lies. Provide custodians for all enemy property in the United States. Bpcial Licenses To Be Required. Require special licenses for trade or intercourse with any enemy or al ly of an enemy within the United States. Authorize the secretary of the treas ury to investigate and supervise all foreign exchange and prevent its working to the advantage to the en emy. Empower the secretary of the treas ury to stop the taking from or into the United States of any communica tion other than by mail, telegraph, cable or wireless. Officially create a censorship board, consisting of representatives of the secretaries of war and of the navy, postmaster general, war trade board and committee on public information to censor mail, cable, radio and other means of communication. Authorize the Federal Trade Com mission to keep secret any patents that may be developed for the interest of the United States and to provide for working in the United States un der patents held by enemies or allies of the enemy. Right to Censor Foreign Papers. Vest in the postmaster general the authority to censor foreign language publications. Charge the secretary of state with control over the entry .into and egress from the United States of enemies or tflies of the enemy. Authorize the secretary of com merce to hear appeals from refusals of custom officers to grant clearance papers to vessels. Charge the attorney general with the enforcement of the criminal sec tions of the trading with the enemy act. Empower the President to regulate imports as well as exports. It is in the definition of “enemy” and “ally of enemy” that the regula tions will be of importance to every citizen of the United States. In an official statement accompanying the regulations, this is said of the defin itions: “It is highly Important that every citizen of the United States should promptly familiarize himself with these definitions, for his own protec tion and for the loyal support of the government in its efforts to wage the war to a successful conclusion.” Enemy Defined in Full Detail. These are the definitions: “Any person* of no matter what na tionality, who resides within the ter ritory of the German empire, or tho territory of any of its allies, or the territory occupied by any of their mil itary forces, is expressly made an ’en emy’ or an ‘ally of the enemy.* ** Thus those American citizens who have remained within these terdtor- U. 8. Jury Indicts Liquor Runners. Pueblo. —A number of indictments ' were returned by the federal grand jury which has been in session here for more than a week past. Included in the number were several based on charges of violation of the Reed amendment prohibiting tne shipment of liquor into a state where Its sale is not allowed, one against Enos P. Schell of Denver for alleged embez zlement at the Denver mint, and one against Walter Lang, a Ute Indian, upon a charge of stealing a govern ment check by forging his thumb mark. Germany's Wheat Yield Below Normal. London. — The press association, from a reliable source, publishes an economic review of the condition of the central powers, in the course of which it says that as a result of a special investigation ordered by the German chancellor of the 1917 harvest it is estimated that the yield will be 40 per cent lower than in normal years for wheat and 45 per cent lower for rye, oats and barley. The total harvest of wheat and rye amounts to Onion Output Double 1916 Crop. Washington. Enormous increases In production of fall onions, cabbage and beans over last year are shown In estimates announced by the Depart ment of Agriculture. Pall onion pro duction is forecast at 13,554,150 bush els, compared with 7,832,700 last year. The acreage this year is 41,300 against 28,400 last year. Production of cab bages is forecast at 691,920 tons, com pared with 252,310 tons last year. The acreage is 73,200 against 40,800 last year. Almost double the quantity of ie* are nevertheless enemies for the purpose of these regulations. “Any person, no matter where resid ing or of what nationality, who is do ing business within these territories is made an enemy or an ally of an enemy. This, of course, applies with special force to the border neutrals, and it Is this definition that will give great force to the embargo. “Any person who there is reason able or its allies is an enemy or an ally of an enemy, no matter where lo cated.'* Not only is It made unlawful to trade with the persons and' firms de fined above, but it is unlawful to trade with: “Any person who there is reason cause to believe is acting for or on account of, for the benefit of an en emy or an ally of the enemy, whoever and wherever they may be.” It is pointed out in the President's order that in dealing with subjects of Germany who are residents of the Unit ed States it must be remembered that their nationality does not prevent or dinary commercial intercourse with | them. The test of their “enmity" in this law is whether they are trading with or for the benefit of the father land. It is pointed out that they may be interned under other provisions of law. President Defines Trading Minutely. “Trading" is defined minutely as: (A) To pay, satisfy, compromise, or give security for the payment or satisfaction of any debt or obligation. (B) To draw, accept, pay, presept for acceptance or payment, or indorse any negotiable instrument or chose in action. (C) To enter into, carry on, com plete, or perform any contract, agree- j ment or obligation. (D) To buy, sell, loan, or extend credit, trade in, deal with, exchange, transmit, transfer, assign or other wise dispose of or receive any form of property. (E) To have any form of business or commercial communication or in-. tercourse with. To enforce and administer all of these provisions the President creates the War Trade Board. This board for good and sufficient reasons may li cense the trading prohibited generally. It thus will have absolute control of practically every phase of world trade in which Germany or her agents enter or may try to enter. The War Trade Board Is the same in personnel as the Exports Admin- 1 istrative Board heretofore operating. ! Vance McCormick is chairman and represents the secretary of state; the secretary of the treasury has not ap pointed his representative; Dr. Alonso E. Taylor represents the Department of Agriculture; Thomas D. Jones rep resents the secretary of commerce; Beaver White the food administration, and Prank C. Munson the shipping board. Town Burns; 1,000 Bheep Poisoned. Fairplay, Colo.—Five hundred of a flock of 6,000 sheep belonging to Har old Chambers of Hartzell were dead in the pens Saturday morning when the herders entered to care for them. Dur ing the day about 500 more died, and the evidence is that the animals were poisoned. Saturday night, after work ing all day, the flock masters believed they had overcome the epidemic and will be able to save the others. Mr. Chambers believes that the sheep were poisoned. This is the third loss of the last two weeks, and has caused considerable uneasiness. Friday night Alma, a small mining town near here, was almost destroyed by fire. Two weeks ago the haystacks at a ranch near this city were burned by fire from a cigarette, and the owner be lieves the fire was started with intent to destroy his hay and farm buildings. These three losses are blamed upon a coterie of L W. W. here, especially as the owner of the farm property be lieves he has traced the destruction of his hay to one of them. Ireland May Be Chosen Cardinal. Rome.—Another American cardinal —possibly Archbishop Ireland—may be chosen at a consistory which the Agenzia Volta unofficially announces will probably be held late In Novem ber or in December. 7,500,000 tons, compared to 13,000,000 tons in 1913. President Wilson Issues Proclamation. Washington. — The administration appealed to America in a presidential proclamation to make the second Lib erty loan even a greater success than the first, which was oversubscribed more than 50 per cent. The presi dent’s proclamation set aside Wednes day, October 24th, as Liberty day, and asks that patriotic celebrations be held everywhere in the interest of the loan. A half-holiday Is to be granted to all employes of the federal government. Will Feed Wheat to Livestock. Oklahoma City.—Half a million bushels of wheat will be fed to live stock in Oklahoma this fall, it iB in dicated by reports received by the State Council of Defense from twenty three Western counties. In most of the counties an increased acreage of wheat planted is indicated, but no hope , is held out that planting will be fur ther stimulated by an increase of a j few cents a bushel possible under ndw . marketing arrangements. beans is forecast, with a total of 16,- 814,000 bushels in the five principal growing states—New York, Michigan, Colorado, New Mexico and California. Golden Company Retains Formula. Golden.—The right to make porce lain, a suit involving millions and a secret formula, has been given the Herold China and Pottery Company of Golden, in which the Coors are in terested, in a legal decision in the United States District Coart at Colum bus, Ohio. STATE CAPITOL NEWS Western Newspaper Union News Service. BTATE TEACHERB TO CONVENE. Meeting Will Be Held in Denver, Pueb lo and Grand Junction, Oct. 28-Nov.S. Denver. —The forty-third regular ai> nual meeting of the Colorado Educa tion Association will be held Oct. 29 to Nov. 3. The eastern division will meet In the Auditorium here Nov. 1, 2 and 3; the western division in Grand Junction, Oct. 29, 30 and 31, and the southern division in Pueblo, Oct. 31, Nov. 1 and 2. Speakers of national reputation have been secured, and all will appear on the program of each of the three divisions. Governor Gunter has issued a proc lamation, urging all teachers in the state to attend one of the meetings. The executive order follows: "Never before in the history of this commonwealth has the education of our youth been of such grave import ance. New conditions are governing and will govern many affairs of every day life, requiring the application of sound judgment. A higher standard of efficiency will be required in cop ing with the new problems of indus trial, commercial and civic develop ment after the war. "Now, therefore, I, Julius C. Gunter, Governor of the State of Colorado, recognizing the importance of our pub lic schools in the aid of good citizen ship, do hereby name the week of October 29 as Educational week, when the State Teachers* Association will assemble in three great conventions in Grand Junction, Pueblo and Denver, and request the teachers throughout the state, who are charged with the re sponsibility of training our youth, to attend one of these conventions.** Burfaced Roads to Cost $1,500,000. Concrete highways for a distance of ten miles on all main traveled thor oughfares out of Denver, and macsr dam roads from there on for forty or fifty miles, at a coat of $1,500,000, la a part of the good roads campaign promised for next spring by the State Highway Commission. The contracts will extend over a three-year period, for the reason that only $500,000 will be available for this purpose in any one year. The road improvements are to be carried forward with the assist ance of the federal post route allot ments, which, during a five-year period amount to $1,255,350. The state must meet this total appropriation with a like sum, and limit the improvements to roads designated as post highways. Union Station Switch Tracks Torn Up. Through switching tracks of the Denver & Rio Grande and the Union Pacific railroads crossing Seventeenth street in front of the Welcome arch at the Union station were torn up by a gang of men from the highway de partment under orders from Mayor Speer, thereby ending a controversy that has extended over twenty years. Women to Help In Food Campaign. Federal Food Administrator Stearns announced the appointees of the wo men’s executive committee to assist in the work in Colorado. Satisfactory progress was reported by Elmer E. Lucas of Glenwood Springs, who is endeavoring to sign up hotels and res taurants in the conservation plan. Must Register Birth of War Babies. Dr. ETlo E. Kennedy, of the State Board of Health, has issued an an nouncement that It is imperative that the births of all children whose moth ers desire to receive full benefits of the new insurance law for dependents of soldiers, recently passed by Con gress, be properly registered. Y. M. C. A. Campaign Opens Oct. 24. The campaign to raise Denver’s al lotment of the $35,000,000 Y. M. C. A. fund to carry on its work among the armies of the allies will be launched Oct. 24 at the local Y. M. C. A. by George Sherwood Eddy, international secretary of Y. M. C. A’s. Foster Is Immigration Commissioner. Edward D. Foster of Greeley has been elected commissioner and secre tary of the State Board of Immigra tion. He will assume his duties Nov. 1 and will take active charge of tha work of bringing new settlers to Colo rado’s lands. To Extend Crop Campaign. With the crop production for 1917 well in hand, the Colorado Council of Defense already is formulating plans for next year’s "supeivbumper” crops. D. A. R. War Work Board Appointed. A special board on war work baa .been appointed by the members of the Daughters of the American Revolt tion. D.4R.Q. Boiler men Ask More Pay. A request for an Increase In wages has been made upon the Denver A Rio Grand railroad by the machinists and boilermakers employed on the com pany’s system. In accordance with their contract with the railroad, the men have given the company thirty days’ notice, at the end of whicgi ne gotiations on the request will prob ably be begun. There are approxi mately 250 machinists and boOermah era at the D. A R. G. shops In Dentes who are conoened In the regnal.