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■TATI’S WEALTH INCREASED SY * looms or millions in YEAR OF PROSPERITY. |ELPS NATION WIN WAR products valued at •148,000,000 AND EVERY INDUS TRY GROWS IN IMPORTANCE. WMtirm Mnriptpir Union Nova lonrtco. COLORADO’S 1117 OUTPUT. 1917. 1919. Agriculture.. 8146,600.000 $ 91,151.770 Wheat .... 10.114,000 17,818,000 Hay 47,491.000 80.790,000 Beana .... 7.041.000 1.781,000 Peachea .. 1.400,000 506,000 Beat Sugar. 80.184.750 18.789.050 fiusar beeta 18.801,000 11.816,400 Denver bank cl*arinffa... ,879,911.510 081,799.040 Den rer bank depoaita .. 110.949.071 110,041,799 Denver bldg. permit* ... 4.818.150 4.087^440 Coal (tona).. 11.000,000 10,800,000 Mf<L produota 100,000,000 140.000,000 Live a t o e k production. 448,096,000 106,061.000 Cold 16,000,000 19.168,811 Silver 5,915.680 5.038,006 Zinc 9.918.000 17.994.252 Copper 1.870,000 1.111,694 Lead 6.986.000 4.898.072 Holybdenum. vanadium, uranium, tungaten, radium ... 6,000,000 0,000,000 Cripple Creek Sold 12,588,177 14.486.078 Denver. —Colorado has made good In the campaign to feed a nation at war! With 1917 farm products valued at more than $145,500,000, as compared with $91,000,000 in 1916, the farmers of the Centennial state have answered the plea of President Woodrow Wil son for redoubled efforts in agricul tural districts that this nation and the allies might be fed while their Bons are fighting for world, democracy. The 1917 crops were of the bumper brand. Its output of metals was enor mous. Its stockmen hurled into the busy marts of trade more cattle, sheep and hogs than had been dreamed of heretofore. Its sugar supply relieved to a marked extent the shortage that worried government food experts. Its automobile trade grew by leaps , and bounds, keeping pace with the un precedented prosperity of the state as 1 a whole. Its tourist traffic and num ber of visitors to the national parks exceeded that of other years. New towns arose under the reign of gen eral endeavor. Oil shale and rich de posits of like nature Were brought to light. Colorado manufacturers en larged and established plants. Dairy products reached a value of $17,000,- 000. Colorado banks Increased In vol ume of business to the extent of $27,- 094,970. Colorado entered heartily In to all patriotic campaigns and national drives. Throughout the entire state of Colo rado a wave of agricultural expansion swept all districts and a result was that the value of the farm crops ag gregated $146,500,000, a total that looms large against the worth of all agricultural yields of 1916, which was $91,152,700. The present advance can, of course, be deemed a guiding star to the still greater progress apparent ly inevitable In the Colorado areas In 1918. The farmers are making bigger plans than ever before and, with good rains and sunshine, will certainly strike more powerful sledgehammer blows at the world's food scarcity. Army and Navy records undoubted ly will show that the Colorado dis trict, according to the national pro rata of population, did more than any other state In patriotism. The Na tional Guard of Colorado supplied more than 4,000 soldiers and officers to the American military forces and also furnished $586,000 worth of sup plies and equipment; 9,600 Colorado ans wers dratted into the army; 960 Colorado patriots voluntarily enlist ed In the Army and Navy; the state gave more than $1,600,000 to the Red Cross funds, and the Colorado sub scriptions to the First and Second Lib erty Loans totaled $4L017,850. A year ago the value of all live stock In Colorado was $122,781,000, while today the figure Is $171,425,000, a most emphatic showing that the stockmen nobly responded to Uncle Sam’s appeal for greater food produc tion. The Denver stockyards had many large structures erected during 1917. This city Is virtually the larg est sheep market In America and the local packing plants handled $6,000.- 000 more cattle, sheep and hogs In 1917 than they did In 1916. The gain In land under cultivation > this stats In 1917 over the 1916 «rea amounted to 600,000 acres addi tional, which acreage formerly was nsec mostly for pasture land. The value of the crops to growers In 1917 was more than 10 per cent greater than during the preceding year. Four hundred famlllse moved Into the state within the last eighteen months and settled on agricultural territory. The total amount of sugar produoed In Colorado In 1917 was 499400,000 pounds and tor the best crop the fanners of the state received $11,262,- 000. Fifteen factories In Colorado were operated In crushing the beets and making the white grains. The value of the statars sugar ersp In the markets will be IM404.no. All former total values of wheat arope In the state were made to leak small by the Immense worth of the wheat yields of Colorado In 1917, the growers receiving the highest prleas •vur known. Ik* tkMt crop of the laat twelve »»—«*- was greater by 100,000 bushel* than la any preceding pear, the Ul7 jMd being 16,000,000 bushel*, worth about 961/100,000. There are 22,620 mar* motor earn in Colorado today than a year ago, the total number of autoa in the state be ing 68.500, and lor the** additional oar* the buyers la 1917 paid more than 916,000,000. The hay crop of Colorado of 1211 had a value at 947,492,000, against a state hay yield in 1916 that was worth 926.7*0.000. Hay la the state's most valuable agricultural product High prices were paid throughout the na tion in 1917 for the hay crops and the growers in every way fared mors prosperously than ever before. The fact that 117,000 persons visit ed the national parks in this stats during 1917 signifies that the glorious ly attractive glens and forests of ths Rocky mountains are becoming mors famous from year to year. No othei state in the Union has so many scenic attractions. One of the most encouraging indices to the new growth of Colorado is ths fact that in Weld county several new towns have been established during the last three years, these communi ties including Raymer, Keota, Buck ingham. Stoneham and drover, towns that were instituted as a result of the recent new industry of growing pinto beanß and other crops. More than 60,000 acres in Weld county were used in 1917 for the growing of pinto beans, the total production in this dis trict being 28,000,000 pounds. A large part of this yield has been bought by the Federal Government as Army and Navy supplies. The entire agricul tural yield in Weld county during 1917 aggregates In value $20,000,000. The growing demands of the world for more crude oil and gasoline has turned the limelight of petroleum trade towards the mountains of shale in northwestern Colorado, and al ready tracts of this area are being taken up, refining plants built and new companies formed to develop the deposits. Geologists estimate that in this state there Is enough shale to produce 20,000,000,000 barrels of pe troleum, which could be refined Into 2,000,000,000 barrels of gasoline. The Increase in the value of the Coloradoan dairy products In 1917 over the preceding twelve-month amounted td $2,000,000, the total worth of these commodities produced in the state during the past year be ing $17,000,000. The total is for milk, fresh used and canned, cheese, but ter and so forth. Nobody could help seeing the beau ty, seal, patriotism, cheer and uplift that sublimely characterized the worn-' en and girls of Colorado in their vic torious works for the Red Cross, Lib erty Loans, formation of war-time so cieties, food production and conserva tion and other channels of necessity. Sixteen millions of dollars’ worth of gold was taken from the Cripple creek mines during the past twelve months. Still greater ore bodies are being found as the workings go deep er, and the 1918 total Is expected to reach twenty millions. The aggregate value of the copper output of the state In 1917 was more than $2,000,- 000; the total yield of silver In the state during the year reached nearly $6,000,000; the lead output was $5,- 936,000, and $9,918,000 worth of zinc was gotten from the' 1917 ore reduc tion. The total value of the five met als mined in the state in the last twelve months was $40,165,000. The soaring price of silver had a stimulat ing effect on mining. Labor scarcity was a handicap, but was not heavy enough to daunt the spirit of progress shown by the mining men. Deposits in the banks of Colorado Increased In volume $27,094,976 dur ing 1917, and today the total of depos its in the financial Institutions of the state Is $260,319,057. Denver set a record-breaking pace in financial ad vancement for all other zones In Col orado, for the first time In local his tory the clearings of Denver banks passed the $100,000,000 a month mark in 1917. The total Denver clearings for the year reached $879,911,630, a gain of $197,111,890, or 28.8 per cent, over the 1916 record. With a world-wide scarcity of fuel the Colorado coal mines proved tbelr worth in 1917 by yielding $30,000,000 worth of black diamonds. The 219 coal mines of the state produced 12,- 000,000 tons of the fuel, against an output of 10,800,000 tons in 1916 and 8,700,000 tons In 1915. The $30,000,- 000 set forth as the value of the 1917 yield is figured on an average worth of $2.50 a ton. Two Impediments, la bor scarcity and car shortage, pre vented the Colorado coal yield of 1917 from reaching a total of 14,000,000 or 16,000,000 tons. Fully $2,000,000 worth of vegetables was raised in the war gardens In Den ver in 1917, as a patriotic response to the federal admonition for food pro duction. In 1909 the total value of Colorado’s fruit crop was $4,680,000, and in 1917 the aggregate worth of the fruit yield reached $6,160,000. Beven-elghtha of the state’s fruit crop is of apples and peaches. Labor scarcity in harvest ing and shipping work and advene weather conditions in 1917 acted, of comae, as drawbacks to the orchard ing industry in this state. The prloee paid for the fruit were the highest In years, the canning ooncems vicing in paying attractive rata* far the apples most pnobn. The value *f the poultry products of Colorado la I*l7 totaled *7,260.000. this aggregate number representing 2,500.000 chicken* and 12/MO.OOO do*. an eggs brought ini* market tram the THE CHKYBNNB RECORD. GERMAN HONOR DRAGGED IN DUST Solemn Pronriees Made to Bel glane Proved to Be Worse Than Worthless. ALL APPEALS WERE; FLOUTED Pathetic and Dignified Bupplleatlons of Municipal Governments Answered by Rebuke and Heavy Fins Imposed by General Hopfer. Over the earnest protest of Cardi nal Mercier, heroic head of the church in Belgium t the terrible plaps of the kaisers high officers concerning the deportation of the people were carried out . The sol emnly pledged word of the German governor general of Belgium count ed as nothing in the malignant hate shown by the kaiser's creatures. Cardinal Mercier attempted to per suade the German authorities to aban don their terrible plans for the seizure of Belgians to assist in the prosecu tion of the war, reminding them of their solemn promises in the past: .“Malines, 19th October, 1918. “Mr. Governor General: “The day after the surrender of Ant werp the frightened population asked itself what would become of the Bel gians of age to bear arms or who would reach that age before the end of the occupation. The entreaties of the fa thers and mothers of families deter mined me to question the governor of Antwerp, Baron von Huene, who had the kindness to reassure me and to authorize me in his name to reassure the agonized parents. The rumor had spread at Antwerp, nevertheless, that at Liege, Namur, and Charleroi young men had been seized and taken by force to Germany. I therefore beg ged Governor von Huene to be good enough to confirm to me in writing the guarantee which he had given to me orally, to the effect that nothing sim ilar would happen at Antwerp. He said to me immediately that the ru mors concerning deportations were without basis, and unhesitatingly he sent me in writing, among other state ments, the following: 'Young men have no reason to fear that they will be ta ken to Germany, either to be there en rolled in the army or employed for forced labor.’ Solemn German Premieee Broken. “Upon the arrival of your predeces sor, the late Baron von der Goltz, at Brussels I hod the honor of presenting myself at his house and requested him to be good enough to ratify for the en tire country, without time limit, the guarantees which General von Huene had given me for the province of Ant werp. The governor general retained this request in his possession in order to examine it at his leisure. The fol lowing day he was good enough to come in person to Malines to bring me his approval, and confirmed to me, in the presence of two aides-de-camp and of my private secretary, the promise that the liberty of Belgian citizens would be respected. “Notwithstanding all this, your gov ernment now tears from . their homes workmen reduced in spite of their ef forts to a state of unemployment, sep arates them by force from their wives and children and deports them to en emy territory. • Numerous workmen have already undergone this unhappy lot; more numerous are those who are threatened with the same acts of vio lence. Mereler*s Moving Appeal. “In the name of the liberty of domi cile and the liberty of work of Belgian citizens; in the name of the inviola bility of families; in the name of mor al interests which the measures of de portation would gravely compromise; in the name of the word given by the governor of the Province of Antwerp and by the governor general, the im mediate representative of the highest authority of the German empire, I re spectfully beg your excellency to be good enough to withdraw the measures of forced labor and of deportation an nounced to the Belgian workmen, and to be good enough to reinstate in their homes those who have already been deported. “Your excellency will appreciate how painful for me would be the weight of the responsibility that I would have to bear as regards these families, If the confidence which they have given you through my agency and at my re quest were lamentably deceived. “I persist In believing that this will not be the case. “Accept, Mr. Governor General, the assurance of my very high considera tion. “D. J. CARDINAL MERCIER, “Arch, of Malines.** ‘Municipal governments in Belgium appealed to the German authorities to observe their promises. The two doc uments which follow illustrate Belgian MUCH IN LITTLE H. L Llghteap of Greensburg, Pa., wbo waa unable to get eufflclent belp during the day to do hla threehlng. ob tained a forca from the ahopa and did the work by electric light. Rafadlta la the name of a petroleum found abundantly In the Argentine prowlncea of Mendoaa and Patagonia. It In an probability be utilized ccoaMarably In the future. The repnb> He la rich In petroleum, from Salta to Aaaddfgga appeals and German answer* Tn tike matters of the requisition made by the German authorities on Oc tober 20, 1016 (requisition of a list of workmen to be drawn up by the mu nicipality) . . . “The municipal council resolves to maintain its attitude of refusal. “It further feels It its duty to place on record the following: “The city of Touraai is prepared to submit unreservedly to all the exigen cies authorised by the laws and cus toms of war. Its sincerity cannot b« questioned. For more than two yean it has submitted to the German occu pation, during which time it has lodged and lived at close quarters with th« German troops, yet it has displayed perfect composure and has refrained from any act of hostility, proving thereby that it Is animated by no idle spirit of bravado. “In his declaration dated Septembex 2, 1914, the German governor genera) of Belgium declared: T ask none ts renounce his patriotic sentiments/ “The city of Tournal reposes con fidence in this decaratlon, which it la bound to consider as the sentiment of the German emperor, in whose name the governor general was speaking. Id accepting the inspiration of honor and patriotism, the city Is loyal to a funda mental duty, the loftiness of which must be apparent to any German offi cer. Answer Is Lecture and Fins. “Tournal, 23rd October, 1916. “In permitting Itself, through th« medium of municipal resolutions, to oppose the orders of the German mili tary authorities In the occupied ter ritory, the city is guilty of an unexam pled arrogance and of a complete mis understanding of the situation created by the state of war. “The ‘clear and simple situation* la in reality the following: “The military authorities order tne city to obey. Otherwise the city must bear the heavy consequences, as I have pointed out in my previous explana tions. “The general commanding the army has inflicted on the city—on account of its refusal, up to date, to furnish the lists demanded —a punitive con tribution of 200,000 marks, which must be paid within the next six days, be ginning with today. The general also adds that until such time as all the lists demanded are in his hands, for every day In arrears, beginning with December 31, 1916, a sum # of 20,000 marks will be paid by the city. “HOPFER, Major General, “Etappen-Kommandant.** The Commission Syndicate of Bel gian workingmen also attempted to in duce the German authorities to aban don their terrible plans. Recited Wrongs of Workmen. “Commission Syndicale of Belgium, “Brussels, 30th Oct., 1916. [To the Governor General of Belgium.] “Excellency: The measures which are being planned by your adminis tration to fores the unemployed to work for the Invading power, the de portation of our unhappy comrades which has begun in the region of the etapes, move most profoundly the en tire working class In Belgium. “The undersigned, members and rep resentatives of the great central so cialist and Independent syndicales of Belgium, would consider that they had not fulfilled their duty did they not ex press to you the painful sentiment which agitate the laborers and convey to you the echo of their touching com plaints. “For more than two years the la boring class more than any other has been forced to undergo the most bit ter trials, experiencing misery and often hunger, while its children far away fight and die, and the parents of these children can never convey to them the affection with which their hearts are overflowing. Pathetic Appeal Disregarded. “Our laboring class has endured everything with the utmost calm and the most Impressive dignity, repressing its sufferings, its complaints and heavy trial* sacrificing everything to Its Ideal of liberty and Independence. But the measures which have been an nounced will make the population drain the dregs (of the cup) of human sor row; the proletariat, the poor upon whom unemployment has been forced, citizens of a modern state, are to be condemned to forced labor without having disobeyed any regulation or order. “In the name of the fanfllles of workmen among which the most pain ful anxiety reigns at present, whose mothers, whose fiancees, and whose little children are destined to shed so many more tears, we beg your excel lency to prevent the accomplishment of this painful act, contrary to In ternational law. contrary to the dig nity of the working classes, contrary “to everything which makes for worth and greatness in human natrue. “We beg your excellency to pardon our emotion and we offer you the hom age of our distinguished -consideration.** (Appended are signatures of mem bers of the national committee and the Commission Syndicale.) Yon Biasing In his reply. November S. practically admitted the truth of the complaint by attempting to Justify the measures protested against. The Philippine hat Industry, which boasts hand-made products akin to those of Panama, In 1916 more than doubled the value of its 1915 exports and established a new high record with a trade exceeding 9800,000 in value. A substitute for fire clay, patented in France, employs bine pottery clay, one part; common salt, one-half part; coal ashes, one-gnarter part; flue sand, one-quarter part and glass, one-eighth part These ingredients are well ground together and are then mixed with water to the required consistence Helping the Meat and Milk Supply (Special Information Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture.) RABBITS—A QUICK ROUTE TO MORE MEAT Not Pets; Eating Rabbits—The Quickest Meat Producers, Not Excepting Poultry. RAISE RABBITS IN BACK YARD Specialists Urge Scheme as Move of the Highest Importance Just Now. HOW CHILDREN MAY HELP Interesting and Easy Work, and the Financial Returns Will Be Gratl tying—Proper Care of Ani mals Necessary. Let the children start a rabbltry in the back yard if they are in earnest about helping the meat supply. Rais ing rabbits is an Interesting and easy j work antf the returns will be well worthy of father’s or mother’s co operation. Efforts will be quickly re warded, • for these animals increase rapidly and are ready for the table when three or four months old. The meat is very palatable and nutritious and can be grown at small cost. In fact, the cost of producing rabbits is less than that of any other meat, not excepting poultry. Rabbits in back yard pens have proved so practicable away of furnishing a quick meat sup ply In European countries that the United States department of agricul ture is urging their wider breeding in the present emergency. Plan for Breeder* Now. As February Is the best time to mate —March may be best for breeding young does —it will be well now to ar range for breeding animals and to pre pare a place for them, with the chil dren’s help, in the yard. Four litters a year, at intervals of twelve weeks, and averaging six or seven young to the litter, may be expected If pairing begins in February. The Belgian and Flemish giant rab bits are recommended for meat pro duction, as the ordinary tame rabbit is smaller and develops more slowly. Breeding stock of Belgian hares may be bought from breeders in nearly all the states at from $1 to $3 each. They may occasionally be had from pet stock dealers. Fancy pedigreed stock is not required for meat production. Rabbits eat, hay, grass, lawn cut tings and green vegetation of many kinds. Well fed, the young will aver age five or six pounds live weight when three or four months old. Prac tical experience hns demonstrated that rabbit meat can be produced In unlim ited quantities at a cost of about six cents a pound. By utilizing lawn cut tings and other vegetation that would otherwise be wasted, the cost will be even lower. Quarters In Bam or Bhed. Outdoor fenced runs, with hutches for does when having young and sleep ing hutches for other stock, make the best quarters for rabbits In back yards. The rabbltry may occupy part of or all of a barn or shed, or be built in a sheltered space in the angle between buildings or walls. Feeding is necessary twice daily. In winter one of the meals should be chiefly of green food, such as roots or cabbage, and the other mainly of grain. Roots, cabbage, celery and the like should be washed free from the qoil, but should not be wet when fed. If green food lq given in the morning, the evening meal should be whole oats or other grain for mature animals. A little hay should be given at each meal. If properly cared for, rabbits are remarkably free from diseases. The more common ailments result from in sanitary surroundings, lack of care in feeding ant improper ventilation. The demand for rabbit fur Is such as to make It pay to save the pelts of those killed for food. The better class of skins sell by the dozen, bringing from 00 -cents to sl, or somthing less than 10 cents apiece. Later articles In these columns will discuss the care of the young litters, feeding, killing and dressing, and the possibilities of mar keting. Farmers’ Bulletin 406 of the United States department of agricul ture, “Raising Belgian Hares and Other Rabbits,” will aid the beginner. The Belgian hare Is one of the best rabbits for table use. It weighs more than most breeds, develops rapidly and the quality the meat Is superior to all the others. The Flemish giant Is a Belgian hare bred exclusively for large size, with the result that the meat is coarser and less delicate in flavor. These characteristics are con sidered by some persons as desirable, but this is largely a matter of individ ual taste. Market Meat by Mail. Marketing meat and meat food prod ucts by parcel post can be done eco nomically in many instances. Many kinds of meat and meat food products may be shipped at this season without the use of an expensive container. For some kinds of meat an improvised con tainer made of casfc-off corrugated pa per-board boxes is satisfactory. A market basket also is a cheap and con venient container for shipping meat by parcel post. Before meat or meat food products can be shipped from one state to an other, however, the shipper must fur nish for each consignment a certificate of Inspection or exemption. Upon re quest, information in regard to ship ping meat and meat food products by parcel post will be furnished by the bureau of markets. United States de partment of agriculture. In the improvement of beef cattle care has been- taken to develop to the greatest extent those portions of the body from which are secured the high priced cuts of beef. These points should be kept in mind when selecting breeding animals. As the type of animal necessary for the production of large yields of milk Is entirely different from that of the beef animals, it has been impossible to produce a breed which would combine these functions and be of superior merit for both purposes.. Enforcing the Food Law. In the enforcement of the food and drugs act the United States depart ment of agriculture, during the past year, recommended 719 cases for crim inal prosecution and 371 for seizure. There were collected for examination 5,649 official and 2,171 informal sam ples of food and drugs. This, however, does not Include thousands of exami nations made in the field, such as can dling of suspected shipments of eggs or the critical inspection of consign ments of wormy or decomposed nuts. The various laboratories of the bureau of chemistry analyzed 27,301 samples, and in addition took 70,739 floor in spection samples. Over nine thousand cases were made the subject of hear ing, either in person or by correspond ence. Much milk is lost In the process of handling In milk plants, says the an nual report of the bureau of animal industry. United States department of agriculture. Economies effected In that particular by one plant caused a yearly saving of $2,836. Simple meth ods of checking milk bottles, often an important item of loss, and a simplified system of accounting, have been worked out and put into successful operation In a number of milk plants by the bureau's investigators of milk plant management. Much Skim Milk Saved. One creamery In the state of New York Is condensing every day 25,000 pounds of skim milk, much of which formerly was run into the sewer, and several creameries now make their en tire supply of skim milk into cottage cheese. These examples are cited in the annual report of the bureau of ani mal Industry, United States depart ment of agriculture, as showing sav ings effected through the campaign for conservation of all products that can Increase the supply of food. Rabbit raising on a back yard scale is not an experiment. Thousands of small rabbitrles In this country are producing meat crops regularly for family tables. These domestic animals are easily raised and remarkably free from disease when properly cared for. The principal facts in regard to the raising of rabbits are as well estab lished as those of rearing other domes tic animals, and the directions which a beginner needs are few. Statements to the effect that cer tain breeds of rabbits produce pelts of high market value are unwarranted. Raising rabbits for the fur alone would be unprofitable with nay known breed, specialists say.