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ST. PATRICK’S CATHEDRAL AT DUBLIN.
MANY LEGENDS OF ST. PATRICK Picturesque Variety of Incidents Crowded Into Life of the Great Apostle. EXPOSITION OF THE TRINITY Something That tho Drulda Could Un derstand—Hla Ridding Ireland of Snakes la of Couree More or Leas Mythical. POrULAB tradition has surround ed the life of St. Patrick, whose festival all loyal Irish celebrate, with a more picturesque variety of Incidents than has been the fate of any other saint. Whether they are 'true or not Is a matter of little Impor tance If the stories are good. They to be good, for the Irish are the authors. One of the most famous of the myths connected with St. Patrick, perhaps the most famous after the traditional expulsion of snakes from Ireland, Is ‘the story of how the saint became con nected with the shamrock. When St Patslck first began to talk to the hea then Irish of the Trinity they did not believe him till he picked a shamrock and Illustrated the doctrine by three leaves growing on one stem. This con crete analogy appealed to the druids and most of them became Christians. These druids were St. Patrick’s worst enemies, and he was forced by their hostility to act in a manner some what Inappropriate for a saint. He cursed their lands for them, so that they beenme waste and drear bogs; he cursed their rivers, so that no fish could live In them; he cursed their kettles, so that they would not boll, and finally he cursed the earth, .so that It opened and swallowed them up. His Moat Famous Act. The saint’s most famous achieve ment was the ridding Ireland of snakes. The method he employed was novel at least He simply called all the serpents together to the top of a moun tain and compelled them to swallow each other until there was none left, but, as the Englishman said, that seems Improbable. A more authentic account Is that he drove the snakes out by beating a drum, and that. In his enthusiasm, he knocked a hole In It, which an angel at once came and mended. One huge snake he la said to have chained In Lough Dllveen, and even to this day, every Monday morning, the snake calls out In good Irish: “It’s a long Monday, Patrick 1” St. Patrick seems to have taken a great delight In performing miracles. Once when he was In England he saw a leper who wanted to make a voyage In a certain ship, but the captain would not let him. St. Patrick took a stone altar which had been consecrated by the pope and threw It into the water. He then made the leper sit on the altar, which floated and kept up with the ship for the whole voyage. Put Cross Over Right Grave. He had a habit of setting a cross -at the grave of a Christian whenever he could. In his travels one day he came upon two newly made graves at the head of one of which was a cross. St. Patrick stopped and asked the man In this grave what his religion was, The man replied he was a pagan. “Why, then. Is this cross placed at yonr head?” 8L Patrick asked. The man replied that his companion had become a Christian and that a mistake had been made In placing the fross. SL Patrick then corrected the error and went his way. ' But even 8t Patrick made mistakes. p« was once tempted to eat meat whe:i It was not proper to do so. He got some pork, but bid it for a time and before he found an opportunity to eat It he met a man with a pair of eyes In the back of his head In addition to the usual ones In front St Patrick asked tiie meaning of this and the man re plied that with the eyes In his face he saw such things as other men saw, but with those In the back of his head he saw secret things and he now saw a monk hiding some fresh meat that he might eat It secretly. St. Patrick was at once stricken with remorse and prayed for forgiveness. AH angel then appeared and commanded him to put the pork Into water. This he did, and It was Immediately changed Into fishes. Hit Memory Worshiped. Such tales as these are told of by the Irish themselves with no hint of disrespect. They are merely the evi dences of the all-pervading humor of this light-hearted people and should be takpn In the same spirit by others. In spite of them the Irish worship the memory of St. Patrick above all other saints. It should not be imagined, however, that the traditions concerning the pa tron saint of Ireland are all humorous. Some of them embody that sense of the beautiful which is alßo an Irish char acteristic. One of the most attractive of these tales Is that of St. Patrick And the king’s daughters. In the year 433 he celebrated Easter by converting many thousands of the inhabitants. After the termination of the services he went to Tara to try to convert the king. But the king would Interior of St. Patrick’s. have none of the new religion, and St. Patrick’s life was In danger. Iff de spair he was departing from the town when he passed a fountain near which were two fair maidens. The maidens, full of wonder at St. Patrick’s white garments, asked him who he was. Brought King Into Fold. St. Patrick told them he was a bish op of God and expounded the prin ciples of Christianity. They were de lighted with his discourse and became converted at once. Then they asked St. Patrick to return to Tara, where their father was king. St. Patrick, much surprised to hear that the two maidens were daughters of the king he had Just visited, accom panied them back to the castle. Here the king was persuaded by the prin cesses to accept the new religion. The next day 12,000 of the people followed the example of their king and prin cesses. Ireland's Patroness. The .first day of February Is the an niversary of St Bride, or Brlget, the “patroness” of Ireland and of Fleet street. She was the beautiful daugh ter of an Irish bard, and her story seems to have fired the Celtic imagi nation. Wherever the early Irish mis sionaries wandered in western Europe, from Cologne to Seville, churches or abbeys will be found dedicated to her honor, and wherever the “exiles of Erin** may migrate the name of Brid get marks a woman of Irish race. The spire of her church in Fleet street has been repeatedly struck by lightning and la now much reduced In height, but remains one of the three tallest ate* plea in London.—London Chronicle. TOT COTYENNK MtfiOßP. St. Patrick’s Day f cannot write of IrelandTs hills as 1 would write today, For I am here and Ireland’s there, full.half the world away; And Irelands lakes are em’rald green and ’round her the green seas, And I can’t hear the colleen’s call lilt on the Irish breeze The way it lilted to me'and I cannot see the downs. Nor see the peat smoke rising from the chimneys of the towns. The colleen’s call and the high hille are half the world away, And my heart will break in my breast when comes St. Patrick’s Day. She stood beside the low stone wall and sent her laughing call — The mocking bird 1 hold so dear can’t call like that, at all! For there was a bit of honey and a bit of laughter, too, A-singin’ in the call 'and, oh, her eyes were Irish blue— Her eyes are Irish blue, and, oh, I know they watch for me Until the golden sun has sunk into the western sea! And then I know she sends her call —and then she turns away — And my heart will break in my breast _ when comes St. Patrick’s Day. A little lilt o’ laughin’ and a little lilt o’ song — And she is half the world away and cdl the days are long! No love is like the love that swells within the Irish heart! Her heart' » with me, my heart’s with her, however far apart! And sometimes in the night I hear her call and call and call. And sleep . has gone from me and won’t come back at all, at all! And she is standin’ on the hills and lookin’ far away — And, oh, my heart is like to break when comes -St. Patrick’s Day! . JUDD MORTIMER LEWIS, HAVE ALWAYS FREELY GIVEN Openhandedness a Characteristic ol the Irish Race Wherever They Have Bettled. The following sentences are quoted from “The Old World in the New" (1914), by Edward Alsworth Ross, pro* fessor of sociology in the University of Wisconsin: “Along with their courage and their loyalty, the Irish did not bring the economic virtues. Charity visitors know that the Irish are often as open handed and improvident as the Bedou ins. They are free givers, and no people are more ready to take into the family the orphans of their relatives. The Irish are near the foot of the list of crime. Among a score or more ol St. Patrick, From an Old Print. nationalities, the Irish stand nearly at the foot of the list In the commission of larceny, burglary, fraud or homl dde. Rape, pandering and the white slave traffic are almost unknown among them. No Immigrant is more loyal to wife and child than the Irish man. As compared with their Immi grant fathers, the proportion of labor ers among the sons of Irishmen Is haired, while that of professional men and salesmen is doubled, and that of clerks, copyists and bookkeepers Is trebled. There Is no drift lpto agricul ture or Into mercantile pursuits.** Cams In Starch of Peace. With all 'deference to* the comic traditions about the blackthorn stick and the shillalah, it was the quest of peace which brought the first group of Irishmen to America, and their first propaganda waa for religious free dom, freedom of conscience, which en couraged the coming to the Maryland colony of the Quakers, the Puritans and the Nonconformists banished from pther sections. INCREASE IN WESTERN CANADA ACREAGE Will Prove a Big Factor in Win* ning the War. Beports to hand Indicate that West ern Canada has a vastly increased acreage ready for crop this year over last year. The splendid open fall of 1917, gave a better opportunity for fall plowing than for some years. Work In the fields was almost continuous until the end of November. In fact, In the neighborhood of Fincher Creek, Alberta, there was sufficient mild weather in January of this year to permit farmers to plow, and many took advantage of It. A great many Americans owning land In Canada moved up last year, and this has also helped to Increase the acreage. They came into possession of the land at prices varying from (15.00 to $30.00 an acre, and with the proven yields of wheat running from twenty and as high as fifty bushels per acre, with a set price of $2.21 a bushel, they could loin production and patriotism to gether with a big margin of profit. The Post-Intelligencer of Seattle, Wash., gives a very conservative state ment of the agricultural development and opportunities In Western Canada. In Its Issue of December 14, 1917, It says:— "Since the beginning of the year American emigration Into Canada has been greatly stimulated according to the reports of the Dominion authori ties, and has been almost entirely made up of farmers attracted by the fertile and comparatively cheap wheat lands. “Whatever may be said of wheat culture as a profitable avocation In ordinary years, since the beginning of the war It has offered advantages quite beyond the usual opportunities. War .has boomed the price of wheat until the farmer now receives around $2 for his product at his granary. Average crops, according to the adap tation of soil and climate are from 12 to 25 bushels to the acre. Even the minimum crop, at $2 per bushel, brings In these war times a reasonable profit Before the war wheat culture was fast being abandoned by farmers who worked Intelligently for results on the right side of the ledger. It has been the popular crop for new coun tries, but when the pioneers settled down to business It was generally corn, hogs, cattle and diversified farm ing that brought the profits. lowa and the Dakotas In turn, as their prairies became settled, mortgaged the land on wheat culture and afterwards paid ofT the mortgages with corn and hogs. “War Is thus bringing a temporary encouragement to wheat forming. Many of the ranchers of Manitoba, Sas katchewan and Alberta laid away $20,000 to SBO,OOO In the banks last fall. It may be pointed out, however, that the growing of wheat Is not the only Inducement which Is lending settle ment to Canadian lands. Low taxation, favorable agricultural climate, and profitable prices not only for grain but for hogs, cattle and all forms of farm produce all contribute their share toward the rapid settlement of the fer tile lands of Western Canada.”—-Ad vertisement. She Meant All Right. “I'm hurrying to tell you this," hnstens N. W. C. "A woman came In to our Red Cross branch, looked at the surgtenl dressings and naked, ‘ls all this gauze cuuterlzed?’ ” Important to Mothers Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, that famous old remedy for Infants and children, and see that It Bears the /Zf,* rgT Signature In Use for Over 30 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher’s Castoria Some men think that the proper way to begin the day is to find fault with the wife at the breakfast table. An old buchelor says that an opti mist Is a married man who says that he is glad of it. 1,716,000,000 I Pounds of Flour Saved if each of our 22,000,000 families use this recipe instead of white bread. One loaf saves 11,000,000 pounds; three loaves a week for a year means 1,716,000,000 pounds saved! Enough to Feed the Entire Allied Army Corn Bread with Rjre Flour 1 cap ears meal 1 teaspoon aak leap rye Hoar 1 npailk S hMiipiMi Mfar 1 an S Iwf wi Dr. Prfet'i laUtf PmUr Z akataiaf Barley floor or oat floor may be paid instead of tye floor with equally good respite. Sift dry ingredients into bowl; add milk, beaten egg end melted shortening. Stir walk Put into grassed pan, allow to stand in warm piece 20 to 25 minutes and bake in moderate oeen 40 to 45 minutes. Him Itad, Whitt and Blmt bookltt, “But War Timt Rtciptt," rttUlmimr many ottur ndptt for making dtllciomt and whoUtomt wktat taring foody, mauad frit. ML PRICE’S CREAM BAKING POWDER 1013 Mr>.ofcir. looltruJ, CUcfo FOOD WILL WIN THE WAR Certain-teed Roofing From every standpoint of service and cost — Ctrtain-utd has proved it* claim —" ‘The beat type of roof for moat buildings, and the beat quality roofing of ita type.” Ctrlmiu-utd hat made good all over the world under all conditiona aa proved by ita enormooa tale. It hat become the j tandmrd roof for building* of all type* and tiaea— for factories rand bouaoa, olovatora, gang**, warahaoaol, l»ot«la, fans buildinga. above*, out-building*, etc. Ita economy !• three-fold—first coat moderate, laying coat low, up-keep practi cally nothing. Its efficiency embraces every important roofing quality weather proof, spark proof, clean and sanitary, and very dur- g^^. able. CtrtMim-utd is not affected by acid*, fume* or smoke, and doe* not melt under the hottest sun. Caarsßfd*. 10 sv Igyasss. ■ I II coming to farmer* from the rich wheat field* of ■JI at Sis to sad per awud'tS from IQIaW busk rla 111 at S 3 wheat ta the acre it’a easy to make money. Canada l-tHHy PH offer* in her province* of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta I*ll6o Acre Homesteads Free to Settlers 191 I' I and other land at very low price*. Thousand* of iiVJI All 111 fanners from the U. S. or their sons are yearly taking \ \ 1 I' Wl advantage of this \*jf fj /* fully as profitable an industry as grain raising. Good f/M schools; markets convenient; climate excellent. JP 111 Write for literature and particulars as to reduced ® If, railway rates to Supt. Immigration, Ottawa, Canadian Government Agent The Betsy Ross Yarn Company Manufacturers of Knitting Yarns 354 Fourth Avenue* New York City SHI- THEIR PRODUCT DIRECT TO CONSUMER 65c per full 4 oz. hank $2.50 per lb. in 5 lbs. lot (62)&c per 4 oz. hank) $230 per lb. in 10 lbs. lot (57j£c per 4 ox hank) Hstorosaddbro«y wto mah. was* sßwdmif stoswj >. a*. H. Bill Admitted It. “I understand old man Simpkins was very much opposed to Ills daugh ter marrying Bill Smith; called Bill a fool, and all that sort of thing.” ‘‘That’s very true, and before he had bo*n married six months Bill admitted the old man was right.” Ten smiles for a nickel. Always buy Red Cross Baa Blue; have beautiful, clear white clothes. Ad▼. Opportunity. ‘‘Opportunity passes in the way of every man.” ' Artist Soldier —Yes, but the con founded thing is almost invariably camouflaged. It is one thing to yel! for freedom and another to make the sacrifices necessary to secure it. The Explanation. “Pop, what does it mean when thej say bills are laid on the table?” “It means, son, that they are dished.* RECIPE FOR GRAY HAIR. To half pint of water add 1 oz. Bay Rum, a small box of Bar bo Compound, and oz. of glycerine. Any druggist can put this up or you can mix it at home at very little cost. Fuji directions for mak ing and use come in each box of Bar bo Compound. It will gradually darken streaked, faded gray hair, and make it ioft and glossy. It will not color the scalp, is not sticky or greasy, and does not rub off. Adr. Poor Investment. “How did Gibson lose his mon^y?" “He put it in his wife's name and then she divorced him.” Minnesota’s 1917 lumber output waa 3,000,000,000 feet.