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ARMISTICE TERMS HISTORIC DOCUMENT READ TO JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS DEATH KNELL TO AUTOCRACY Conditions Contain Thirty-four Dras tic Provisions Which Brand Ger many as Nation UtteVly Crushed— Alsace-Lorraine to be Restored. Washington. D. C. —President Wil son appealed before u joint session of congress and revealed to the nation’s lawmakers and to the world terms Germany accepted when she signed the armistice. These terms pictured Germany sur rendering abjectly to General Foch on the Held, her armies beaten, her government overturned, and her master in flight. A small congress and a * small crowd heard the president’s burning Words, but enthusiasm ran riot. The president’s uddress follows: Gentlemen of the congress: In these anxious times of rapid aqd stupendous changes it will In some degree lighten my sense of re sponsibility to perform in person the duty of communicating to you some of the large circumstances of the sit uation with which it is necessary to deal. The German authorities, who have, at the invitation of the supreme war council, been in communication with Marshal Koch, have accepted and signed the terms of armistice which he was authorized und in- Ptructed to communicate to them. These terms are as follows: One—Cessation or operations by land and in the air six hours after the signature of the armistice. Two—lmmediate evacuation of In vaded countries: Belgium, France. Alsace-Lorraine, Luxemburg, so *>r dered ns to be completed within four teen days from the signature of the armistice. German troops which have not left the above mentioned territo ries within the period fixed will be come prisoners of war. Occupation by the allied and United States forces Jointly will keep puce with evacuation In these areas. All movements of •voruatlon and occupation will be regulated in accordance with a note annexed to the stated terms. Three —Repatriation beginning at once and to be completed within four teen days of all Inhabitants of the countries above mentioned, Including hostages and persons under trial or Convicted. Four —Surrender in good condi tion T»y the German armies of the fol lowing equipment: Five thousnnd guns (2.500 heavy, 2,500 field), 30.000 machine guns, 3.000 ininnenwerfers. 8,000 aeroplanes (fighters, bombers — firstly D*73s and night bombing ma chines). The above to be delivered In Situ to the allies and the United States troops In accordance with the detailed conditions laid down in the annexed note. Five —Evacuation by the German armies of the countries on the left bank of the Rhine. These countries on the left hank of the Rhine shall be administered by the local authori ties under the control of the allied and United States armies of occupa tion. The occupation of these territo ries will be determined by nllled and United States garrisons holding the principal crossings of the Rhine, Mny •nce, Coblenz. Cologne, together with bridgeheads nt these points in 30- kilometer radius on the right bank and by garrisons similarly holding the Strategic points of the rogious. A neutral zone shall be reserved on the right of the Rhine between the stream and a line drawn parallel to It for 40 kilometers to the east from the fron ties of Holland to the parallel of Gernshelm ami as far as practicable n distance of 30 kilometers from the cast of the stream from this parallel upon the Swiss frontier. Evacuation t»r the enemy of the Rhlnelands shall bo so ordered ns to he completed within a further period of eleven days after the signature of the armis tice. All movements of evacuation and occupation will he regulated ac cording to the note annexed. Six —in all territory evacuated hy tlie enemy there shall he no evacua tion of Inhabitants; no damage or barm shall he done to the persons or property of the Inhabitants. No de struction of any kind to be committed. Military establishments of nil kinds shsß be delivered Intact, as well as military stores of food, munitions, •quipment not removed during the pe riods fixed for evacuation. Stores of food of nil kinds for the civil popula tion, cattle, etc., shall be left in Situ. Industrial establishments shall not he Impaired In any way nnd their per sonnel shall not be moved. Roads and means of communication of every kind, railroad, waterway, main roads, bridges.' telegraphs, telephones, shall In no manner bo Impaired. Seven— All civil and military per sonnel at present employed on them •hall remain. Five thousnnd Inco motlves. SO.OOO wnftnns nnd 10.01 VI motor lorries In Rood working order with all necessary spare parts and flttlmrs shall he delivered to the ns anointed powers within the period fixed ftir the evaenntlon' of Belßliun ■nd I.nxemhnrjr. The railways of At anee-I-ormlne shall he handed over within the same period, toeether with ■II pre-war personnel nnd mnterlnl. Further material necessary for the worklnc of railways In the counter <n the left hank of the Rhine shall he left In S'fn. All stores of coal and material for the upkeep of permanent GENERAL FOCH Commander-in-chief of allied armies who presented the armistice terms to the German delegation. wnys, signals and repalrshops left ln tlre in Situ and kept in an efficient state by Germany during the whole period of armistice. All barges taken from the allies shall be restored to them. A note appended regulates the details of these measures. Eight—The German command shall lie responsible for revealing nil mines or delay acting fuses disposed on ter ritory evacuated by the German troops and shall assist Jn their discovery nnd destruction. The German com mand shall also reveal all destructive measures that may have been taken (such as poisoning or polluting of springs, wells, etc.) under penalty of reprisals. Nine—The right of requisition shall be exercised by the allies and the United States armies In all occupied territory. The upkeep of the troops of occupation In the Rhineland (ex cluding Alsace-Lorraine), shall be charged to the German government. Ten—An immediate repatriation without reciprocity according to de tailed conditions which shall be fixed of all allied nnd United States pris oners of war. The allied powers and the United States shall be able to dis pose of these prisoners ns they wish. Eleven —Sick and wounded who cannot be removed from evacuated territory will be enred for by German personnel, who will be left on tho spot with the medical material re quired. Twelve—All German troops at present in any territory which before the war belonged to Russia, Rouma nln or Turkey shall withdraw within the frontiers of Germany as they ex isted on August 1. 1914. Thirteen —Evacuation by German troops, to begin at once and all Ger man instructors, prisoners nnd civil ians. as well ns military agents, now in the territory of Russia (ns defined before 1914), to be withdrawn. Fourteen —Germnn troops to cense at once all requisitions nnd seizures and any other undertaking with a view to obtaining supplies In Rouma nin and Russia (ns defined on August 1, 1914). Fifteen —Abandonment of the treaties of Bucharest nnd Rrest- Lltovsk nnd of the supplementary treaties. Sixteen —The allies shall have free access to the territories evnrunted by the Germans on their eastern fron tles. either through Dantr.lg ot* by the Vistula in order to convey supplies to the population of those territories or for any other purpose. Seventeen—Unconditional capitula tion of all Gerpinn forces operating in Fast Africa within one month. Eighteen— without re ciprocity, within a maximum period of one month. In accordance with detailed conditions hereafter to be fixed, of all civilians Interned or de ported who may be citizens of other allied or associated states than those mentioned In clause three, paragraph 19. with the reservation that any further claims and demands of the allies nnd the United States remain unaffected. Nineteen —The following financial conditions are required? Reparation for damage done. While such armistice lasts no public securi ties shall be removed by the enemy which can serve as a pledge to the al lies for the recovery or reparation for war losses. Immediate restitution of the cash deposit in the National Hank of Belgium, nnd In general. Im mediate return of all documents, specie, stocks, slinres, paper money, together with plant for the Issue thereof touching public or private In terests in the invaded countries. Restitution of the Russian nnd Rou manian gold yielded to Germany or taken by that power. This gold to be delivered in trust to the allies until the signature of peace. Twenty—lmmediate cessation of all hostilities at sea and definite In formation to be given as to the loca tion and movements of all Geramn ships. Notification to be given to neutrals that freedom of navigation in all territorial waters Is given to the naval and mercantile marines of 'he allied and associated powers, all questions of neutrality being waived. Twenty-one—All navnl and mercan »lle marine prisoners of war of the allied nnd associated powers In Ger man hands to be returned without •v^nrnHty. Twenty-two— n d«*r to the alllee THE RECORD. CHEYENNE WELLS, COLORADO. and the United States of America of IGO submarines (including all subma rine cruisers and mine laying sub marines), with their complete equip ment in (Sorts which will be specified by the allies and the United States of Atnericu. All * other submarines to be paid off uud completely disarmed and placed under the supervision of the allied powers and the United States of America. Twenty-third—The following Ger man surface warships, which shall be designated by the allies and the United States, shall forthwith be dis armed and thereafter interned in neu tral ports, or for the want of them, allied ports, to be designated by the allies and the United States and placed under surveillance of the al lies and the United States of America, only care takers being left on board, namely: Six battle cruisers, ten battle ships, eight light cruisers, including two mine luyers, fifty destroyers of the most modern type. All other surface warships ' (In cluding river craft) are to be con centrated in German nuvul bases to be designated by the allies and the United States and are to be paid off and completely disarmed, under the supervision of the allies and the United States of America. All vessels of the auxiliary fleet (trawlers, motor vessels, etc.) are to be disarmed. Twenty-four—The allies and the United States shall have the right to sweep up all mine fields and obstruc tions laid by Germany outside German territorial waters, and the positions of these are to be Indicated. Twenty-five—Freedom of access to and from the Baltic to be given to the naval and mercantile marines of the allies and associated powers. To se cure this the allies and the United States of America shall be empowered to occupy all German forts, fortifica tion*, batteries and defense works of all kinds In the entrances from the Cattegat into the Baltic; and to sweep up all mines and obstructions within and without German territorial waters without any question of neutrality being raised, and the positions of all such mines and obstructions are to be indicated. Twenty-six—The existing blockade conditions set up by the allies and as sociated powers are to remain un changed and all German merchant ships found at sea are liable to cap ture. Twenty-seven—All navnl aircraft are to be concentrated and immobil ized In German bases to- be specified by the allies and the United States. Twenty-eighth—ln evacuating the Belgian const and ports, Germany shall abandon all merchant ships, tugs, lighters, cranes and all other harbor materials, all materials for inland navigation, all aircraft and all materials and stores, all arms and arinuments, and ull stores and apparatus of all klftfls. Twenty-ninth—All Black sea ports are to he evacuated by Germany; all Russian war vessels of all descrip tion seized by Germany in the Black sea nre to be handed over to the allies and the United States of America; all neutral merchant vessels seized and other materials of all kinds seized In those ports are to be returned and German materials as specified In clause 28. are to be aban doned. Thirtieth—All merchant vessels in German hands belonging to the allied and associated powers are to be re stored in ports to be specified by the allies and the United States of America, without, reciprocity. Thirty-first—No destruction of ships or of materials to be permitted be fore evacuation, surrender or restora tion. Thirty-second—The German govern ment shnll formally notify the neu tral governments of the world, and particularly the governments of Nor way( Sweden, Denmark and- Holland, that all restrictions placed on the trading of their vessels with the nllies and associated countries, whether by the German government or by private German Interests, and whether in re turn for specific concessions such ns the export of ship-building materials or not. nre Immediately cancelled. Thlrt.v-thtrd —No transfers of Ger man merchant shipping of any de scription to any neutral flag are to take place after signature of the ar mistice. Thirty-fourth Duration of the armistice is to be thirty days with option to extend. During this period, on- failure of execution of any of the above clauses, the armistice may be denounced by one of the contracting parties, on forty-eight hours’ previous notice. Signs Decree of Abdication. London.—Emjieror William signed a letter of abdication N9vemher i> at the German grand headquarters in the presence of Crown Prince Fred erick William and Field Marshal Hln denburg. Just thirty-six hours before the German emlssnries signed the ar mistice with the allied nations which meant abject surrender for Germany. The German crown prince signed his renunciation to the throne shortly afterward. Thirty years and almost five months after he ascended the imperial throne, William Ilohenzollern, his armies de feated in the field, forced to sue for armistice terms and the German peo ple rising in revolt, gives np his power. He came Into authority with hi* country at the threshhold of an era of peace and material progress; he leaves It torn by revolution and suf fering from hardships and sacrifices of more tyan four years of war—vir tually ruined. Prince Maximilian, the imperial chancellor, will remain In office until questions connected with the abdica tion of the emperor are settled. For the regency. Freldrlch Ebert, a social ist and president of the main commit tee of the rrtchstag, will be chancel lor. When the war began the Teutonic GEN. JOHN J. PERSHING Comender-in-chief of the American armies in France who hastened the capitulation of Germany. alliance was headed by two of the proudest houses in history—the Ho henzollerns and the Hapsburgs. To day William II of Germany is a fugi tive in Holland and Charles I of Aus tria, while he may be still in his country, has been stripped of all power and -has seen his empire shat tered. Ferdinand of Bulgaria, an other of the rulers in the Teutonic combination, has fled from his coun try, and Mohammed of Turkey, who also joined in the attempt of Ger many to dominate the world, is dead, slain. It Is said, by the hand of an assassin. While the curtain was rolling down on the most stupendous tragedy in mankind’s history, events were mov ing with terrible swiftness in Ger many, -the nation about which re volved the plot and counter-plot of the drama. Berlin, Lelpzlc, Stutt gart, Cologne, Hamburg and Frank fort are in the hands of the revolu tionists, who last week raised the red fleg at Kiel. Germany’s navy appar ently Is scattered into disjointed units, each seeking sanctuary in Danish ports or waiting in German harbors for the latest turn of events. Wurtemburg, Schleswig - Holstein and Hesse-Darmstadt have declared themselves independent republics, following the action taken by Ba varia last Friday. Wilhelm II of Wurtemburg is reported to have ab dicated. Saxony is said to be near a like declaration. The republic of Poland has served official notice on Austria that Po land has annexed the crown land of Galicia. As the last hours of the mighty combat drew near, French, British, Belgian and American forces were rapidly pushing the last German troops from France and Belgium. It Is suggested that William Hohen zollern Is not safe from the conse quences of his deeds, even though he has fled to Holland. After the sink ing of the Lusitania and during the early days of the aerial raids on Lon don he was three times indicted for murder in England. Under inter national law, It is said, requisition for hjs extradition may be made by England under the indictments still standing against him. Cancel Draft Calls. Washington. D. C.—Almost the first action of the War department after announcement of the signing of the armistice with Germany, was the cancellation of all army draft calls, under which more than 300,000 had been ordered to entrain for camps be fore November 30. Since August, 1917, when the first calls were issued under the army draft law, 2,700,000 men have been in ducted into the army. Practically all physically qualified men between the ages of 21 and 31 who were placed In Class 1 are now in the service. The men who were to have moved to camp this month were of the new registrants enrolled September 12. General Crowder announced that registrants whose induction orders are cancelled or who are discharged after their entrainment for camps, will re vert to the status existing nt the time the original _ induction order was is sued. this to include resumption of their order and serial number. It also was specifically announced that nothing in the cancellation of the calls shall operate to relieve from the consequences of his acts any regis trant who has heretofore become de linquent. By order of Secretary Raker, Pro vost Marshal General Crowder direct ed local and district boards to con tinue to completion ns expeditiously as possible the classification of all registrants who on September 12 had attained their 19th, and had not at tained their 20th birthday. General Crowder, however, directed the hoards to discontinue all work connected with the classification of men who on September 12 had attain ed their 37th birthday and had not at tained their 46th birthday. To Prevent Civil War. Washington—Friederlcb Ebert, upon assuming office as chancellor. Issued a proclamation announcing that the new government at Berlin had taken charge of business to prevent civil war and famine. In a manifesto ad dressed to the “Citizens” of Germany, the chancellor said he was going to form a people’s government to bring shoot pence “as quickly ns possible” and to confirm the liberty which the government has gnlnod. TASK CONFRONTS AMERICAN ARMY TO PLAY IMPORTANT PART IN GUARDING THE ENEMY MUCH WORK FOB OUR NAVY Plan for Demobilizing 2,200 f 000 > Sol diers Overseas Worked Out By Washington Officials—All Will Be Furnished Employment. .Washington, D. C. —Signing of the armistice with Germany does not meun that the great. American mili tary machine will cease to operate at once. America must play un import ant part in disarming and guarding the enemy, and until this work is com pleted, even the troop movement to France will continue, although on a greatly reduced scale. During the Interval between the cessation of hostilities and the con clusion of the pease conference it is assumed that the maojr portion of General Pershing’s expeditionary force in France must be retained there. It Is possible, also, that for reasons of international politics some American garrison Inay be kept In dis puted territory even after actual peace negotiations have been closed. Troops which have seen the long est service in France probably will be returned home soon to be replaced by new men now in this country who will perform guard or other dutj overseas. There are nearly 1,000,000 men now in camps in the United States. Return home of American naval forces, battleships, destroyers, sub marines, converted yacht*, supply ships and other craft, also will fol low the end of the war. Definite plans have not been revealed, but It is assumed that once disposition Is made of the German high sees fleet and submarines in accordance with terms of the armistice, the American dreadnaughts with ...e British grand fleet, together with most of the de stroyers and other submarine hunting and convoying craft will return. Even .with hostilities ended, how ever, much other naval work, aside from that of taking over and guard ing German and Austrian naval ves sels, remains to be done. Removal of thousands of mines laid by the allied, American und German navies will form no small part of this work and, undoubtedly. the fleet of mine sweeping and laying craft sent over seas by the United States will assist In this gigantic task. The greatest mine field is that put down in the North sea as a barrage against the German submarines. The mines were manufactured in this country and were laid largely by American ships. With the return of all German sub marines to their bases, allied and American shipping once more may sail the seven seas without fear of molestation and in disregard of the regulations made necessary by Ger many's unrestricted warfare. -There will be no more running at nighr without lights, with its attendant dangers of collisions and zigzagging and deviation from established ship id ng routes. Much of the shipping used for war purposes will be freed for peace time commerce and there will follow a gradual relaxation of the restrictions as to food and other necessities im posed upon the peoples of the allied countries. These changes will not come immediately, however, for It is the purpose of the American and en tente governments to ro-operate with Germany. Austria. Bulgaria, Serbia and Roumnnla. in furnishing as far ns possible the food and other supplies necessary for the civilian populations of those countries. These considerations of world l»euee. Important as they are, must be adjusted as they They could not be planned in advance, as has been the breaking up of the military forces of the United States, Great Britain and France and the orderly return of millions of those soldiers to their civilian status. In this country the problem lias been taken up with reference to 4s two chief phases: The strictly mili tary, having to do with the denfbhi llzntlon of the army and its safe return to America, and the Indus trial, which deals only with the in filtration of the soldiers into the ranks of labor after they have been released from the army. The third problem of demobilization will deal with the mobilized industries of the United States. The military authorities have had under consideration for some time the subject of demobilization of the army, but the plan which will be used has not yet been officially ap proved. Breaking up of the Ameri can expeditionary forces, now num bering 2.200.000 of men, will begin In France if this plan Is adopted. The program entails the gradual breaking up of the large military units into segments governed solely by the location of the home of the Individual soldier. The United Btates will be divided GEN. SIR DOUGLAS HAIQ British general who played a big part in bringing about the cessation of hostilities in the world's greatest war. into districts, each of which is to bt I fed by one or more Atlantic porta, I from Galveston to Bangor. Command ing officers of divisions will be in structed to detach, for instance, men from the “first demobilization dis trict," which might include men from Maine to Massachusetts, and entrain them for a specified French port where adequate shipping will be wait* ing. These vessels will proceed di rectly to the ports selected for ths first district, and disembarking thelv passengers, will return an a routine schedule to meet the next detachment of soldiers for that territory. By carefully controlling the re turning shipments, military authori ties believe that they can to a great degree regulate the flood of dlo charged soldiers so that no single section of ' the country will be swamped. The work of returning the soldiers to their former civilian status in the industrial life of the nation has been turned over to the Department of Labor and is being handled by a special committee, headed by Felix Frankfurter. An organization is ready for the use of the authorities in the same machinery which has cai* ried out the provisions of the “work or fight” order, and it is understood in tiie task of finding positions for the men. Under this plan each local draft board will be constituted a cen tral labor office for the district in which it Is situated and will place the men who were sent by it to the army In the positions found vacant. While full authority is held by ths War department for the demobilize ! tlon of the armed forces, the return of the nation’s mobilized industries to a peace basis, it is thought, will necessitate important legislation by congress to prevent a period of acute disruption in business. Offi cials here expect that congress will he called upon soon to consider a “demobilization bill,” which will deal with this and kindred problems. Designation of the units of ths army to remain in France over ths period of settlement has not been taken by the War department. - If should be realized, officials point out, that even after terms of pence havs been signed a work of stupendous magnitude will remain. Millions of tons of material, comprising railroad equipment, as well as arsenal sup plies, repair and refitting plants and the strictly military accoutrements, must be collected and invoiced pre paratory to their disposal, either to one of the allied governments or rs shipment to the United States. As army of considerable size will bo needed for this work for months after the war ends. It has been suggested that th# units to remain in France for this work he obtained by calling for vol unteers from the expeditionary forces. Under existing law, authority is given for the maintenance of a regu lar army up to a strength of about 375,000. It is the belief that a much larger force will be needed In Europe for possibly two years after the sign ing the armistice. The British government began its preparations for demobilization nearly a year ago. Its plans have been so thorougly worked out that when s “dress rehearsal" was held recently a unit of the British army In Franco was sent through the machinery to its final operation, where each man found himself In his native town, dad in civilian clothes, possessing a goo* eminent voucher, which could bo cashed at any postofllce, sufficient to cover a period of idleness. Each Brit ish soldier also will be handed a gov ernment insurance policy against non employment. Complete plans for breaking up the French forces also have been pre pared, but it la considered probe bio that the demobilization process In the case of these armies will be much slower than for the American or even the British, because of the necessity for guarding Alsace-Lorraine and also In view of the gigantic task of re construction In the invaded districts.